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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823137/survey-of-genetic-structure-of-geese-using-novel-microsatellite-markers
#1
Fang-Yu Lai, Po-An Tu, Shih-Torng Ding, Min-Jung Lin, Shen-Chang Chang, En-Chung Lin, Ling-Ling Lo, Pei-Hwa Wang
Objective: The aim of this study was to create a set of microsatellite markers with high polymorphism for the genetic monitoring and genetic structure analysis of local goose populations. Methods: Novel microsatellite markers were isolated from the genomic DNA of white Roman geese using short tandem repeated probes. The DNA segments, including short tandem repeats, were tested for their variability among four populations of geese from the Changhua Animal Propagation Station (CAPS)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823092/inhibition-of-p2x7-receptors-improves-outcomes-after-traumatic-brain-injury-in-rats
#2
Xiaofeng Liu, Zhengqing Zhao, Ruihua Ji, Jiao Zhu, Qian-Qian Sui, Gillian E Knight, Geoffrey Burnstock, Cheng He, Hongbin Yuan, Zhenghua Xiang
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability for people under the age of 45 years worldwide. Neuropathology after TBI is the result of both the immediate impact injury and secondary injury mechanisms. Secondary injury is the result of cascade events, including glutamate excitotoxicity, calcium overloading, free radical generation, and neuroinflammation, ultimately leading to brain cell death. In this study, the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) was detected predominately in microglia of the cerebral cortex and was up-regulated on microglial cells after TBI...
August 19, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#3
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822861/tuning-electronic-properties-of-boron-nitride-nanoplate-via-doping-carbon-for-enhanced-adsorptive-performance
#4
Jingyu Pang, Yanhong Chao, Honghong Chang, Hongping Li, Jun Xiong, Minqiang He, Qi Zhang, Huaming Li, Wenshuai Zhu
In this paper, the carbon-doped boron nitride nanoplate (C-BNNP) was prepared by pyrolyzing the precursor under N2 and served as an excellent adsorbent for removal of Rhodamine B (RhB). The structure and composition of C-BNNP were characterized and its adsorption behavior for RhB was investigated. Compared with boron nitride nanoplate (BNNP) which was synthesized under NH3, C-BNNP displayed an enhancement of the adsorption capacity for RhB (833mg/g). The adsorption activity was comprehensibly studied by kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamics...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822450/-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-fractional-exhaled-nitric-oxide-and-impulse-oscillometry-in-screening-out-cough-variant-asthma-from-patients-with-subacute-cough
#5
S Fang, S Y Chen, X He, Q X Shen, H Z Fan, X P Wu, Z K Fang, H P Yu
Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and impulse oscillometry (IOS) in screening out cough variant asthma (CVA) from patients with subacute cough. Methods: Patients with subacute cough were included from the outpatient department of Respiratory Medicine of Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University from May to October in 2016. Based on "the guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of cough (2015 edition)" , patients were classified into CVA group, and non CVP group with other causes of subacute cough...
August 8, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822353/vdr-gene-variation-and-insulin-resistance-related-diseases
#6
Fei-Fei Han, Ya-Li Lv, Li-Li Gong, He Liu, Zi-Rui Wan, Li-Hong Liu
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D status may influence the risk of Insulin resistance related diseases such as Type 2 diabetes (T2DM), metabolic syndrome (MetS), and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Several studies have assessed vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism in relationship with these diseases; however, results remain inconsistent. Our study was conducted to elucidate whether VDR Gene polymorphisms could predict insulin resistance on a large scale. METHODS: A meta-analysis using MEDLINE and EMBASE, was performed up to December 16th, 2016...
August 19, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822202/-q-marker-of-chinese-medicine-and-metabolic-regularity-of-co-network-compatibility-and-rainbow-potential
#7
Yan-Tao Yang, Sen Li, Jin-Ling Liu, Jin Zhou, Yi-Qun Zhou, Nai-Hong Chen, Fu-Yuan He
The effect of Chinese medicine (CM) compound prescription is the combined action results of single herbs based on the basic theory of Chinese medicine, and its function embodies the characteristics of multi components, multi targets and comprehensive effects. It is difficult to study the therapeutic material, establish quality standards or determine Q-marker, so we can't strictly monitor the quality of the whole process of CM. The identification of Q-marker has a profound influence on the whole process of the pharmaceutical engineering of CM...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822200/-analysis-on-dosage-form-theory-and-current-application-situation-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-pill
#8
Zhen Zhang, Tian-Hui Gao, Chao-Mei Fu, Jin-Ming Zhang, Jin-Feng Shi, Yao He, Heng Yin, Mao-Yuan Jiang, Jie Li, Fei Gao
Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) pill, the most representative and successive dosage form, is called as one of the four classical TCM dosage forms. "Pills could keep the lasting and lenitive therapeutic efficacy for a long period" is the most classical dosage form theory, showing a guidance significance in making recipe, preparations and clinic application. In this article, we would elucidate the inheritance and development significance of TCM pills in three key points, including dosage form theory, pharmaceutical preparation technology and clinic usage based on the pharmaceutics connotation of this theory...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822180/-habitat-areas-extracting-of-poria-cocos-in-anhui-based-on-3s-technologies
#9
Luo Tian, Wen-Zuo Zhou, Wan-Hua He, Dan Lun, Dong-Hong Liu
"Adversity" is one primary element that impacts the pharmacology components of authentic Chinese herbal medicine. Knowledge about "adversity" is a precondition of yield estimation, quality monitoring, location selection and the geo-herbalism protection. Used 3S(GIS, RS and GPS) technology to combine multi-source key ecological factors of "Anling", and used parasitic relationships between organisms to extracting its suitable region for the first time. Results showed that the "Anling" were mainly distributed in Dabie coteau...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822177/-berberine-regulates-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-related-with-insulin-resistance
#10
REVIEW
Cheng Li, Jin-Zhi He, Xue-Dong Zhou, Xin Xu
Insulin resistance (IR) is defined as a series of clinical manifestations for diminished effectiveness of insulin in lowering blood sugar levels caused by decreased sensitivity to insulin of liver, muscle and adipose tissue. IR is the major contributor to the etiology and pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Berberine, a traditional Chinese herb extract, has been shown to be safe and effective in lowering blood sugar, alleviating insulin resistance and moderating type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822174/-biological-assay-in-quality-control-of-animal-medicines
#11
REVIEW
Xuan Wang, Luo-Dan Ouyang, Chun-Mei Dai, Li Ma, Xiao-He Xiao
Animal medicine is a unique part of traditional Chinese medicine. They have strong effects, but their effective compounds are not entirely known. The efficiency and safety of animal medicines can't be effectively controlled by current quality assurance system and evaluation method, which has deeply influenced the development of animal medicines. Biological assay does not focus on efficacy of single component, but directly reflects the pharmacodynamics and safety of animal medicines by biological effect. With the development of biotechnology, many new technologies have emerged, such as biochip and high content analysis...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822160/-effects-of-active-components-group-of-xiaoxuming-decoction-on-brain-mitochondria-in-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-rats-during-early-recovery-period
#12
Xiao Du, Chang Lu, Xiao-Li He, Guan-Hua Du
To observe the effect of active components group of Xiaoxuming decoction (XXMD) on brain mitochondria in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats during early recovery period, and study its protective mechanism for nerves in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats during early recovery period. Cerebral ischemia model of middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats was established by suture method, and reperfusion was conducted 2 h later. The degree of cerebral ischemia in rats was evaluated by using Zea-Longa's standard grading method, and the model rats were randomly divided into model group, Xiaoxuming decoction active components low, medium and high dose groups and positive drug Ginaton group, with sham operated rats as control group...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821952/genome-wide-association-study-and-gene-set-analysis-for-understanding-candidate-genes-involved-in-salt-tolerance-at-the-rice-seedling-stage
#13
Jie Yu, Weiguo Zao, Qiang He, Tae-Sung Kim, Yong-Jin Park
Salt is the major factor limiting crop productivity in saline soils and is controlled by various genes. The development of salt-tolerant rice through molecular breeding methods is important to meet the needs of rice breeding. We used 295 accessions to perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of salt tolerance-related phenotypes in rice at the seedling stage and obtained 93 candidate genes with high association peaks across six phenotypes. We constructed a protein interaction network using the candidate genes identified here, and 33 genes were associated...
August 18, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821927/control-of-wrist-movement-in-deafferented-man-evidence-for-a-mixed-strategy-of-position-and-amplitude-control
#14
R Chris Miall, P Haggard, J D Cole
There is a continuing debate about control of voluntary movement, with conflicted evidence about the balance between control of movement vectors (amplitude control) that implies knowledge of the starting position for accuracy, and equilibrium point or final position control, that is independent of the starting conditions. We tested wrist flexion and extension movements in a man with a chronic peripheral neuronopathy that deprived him of proprioceptive knowledge of his wrist angles. In a series of experiments, we demonstrate that he could scale the amplitude of his wrist movements in flexion/extension, even without visual feedback, and appeared to adopt a strategy of moving via a central wrist position when asked to reach target angles from unknown start locations...
August 18, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821885/the-expression-profiles-of-mirna-mrna-of-early-response-in-genetically-improved-farmed-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-liver-by-acute-heat-stress
#15
Jun Qiang, Wen J Bao, Fan Y Tao, Jie He, Xia H Li, Pao Xu, Lan Y Sun
Genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus) are commercially important fish that are cultured in China. GIFT are highly susceptible to diseases when exposed to high temperatures in summer. Better understanding the GIFT regulatory response to heat stress will not only help in determining the relationship between heat stress signalling pathways and adaption mechanisms, but will also contribute to breeding new high-temperature tolerant strains of GIFT. In this study, we built control (28 °C) and heat-treated (37...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821884/the-atopic-dermatitis-blood-signature-is-characterized-by-increases-in-inflammatory-and-cardiovascular-risk-proteins
#16
Patrick M Brunner, Mayte Suárez-Fariñas, Helen He, Kunal Malik, Huei-Chi Wen, Juana Gonzalez, Tom Chih-Chieh Chan, Yeriel Estrada, Xiuzhong Zheng, Saakshi Khattri, Nancy Dattola, James G Krueger, Emma Guttman-Yassky
Beyond classic "allergic"/atopic comorbidities, atopic dermatitis (AD) emerges as systemic disease with increased cardiovascular risk. To better define serum inflammatory and cardiovascular risk proteins, we used an OLINK high-throughput proteomic assay to analyze moderate-to-severe AD (n = 59) compared to psoriasis (n = 22) and healthy controls (n = 18). Compared to controls, 10 proteins were increased in serum of both diseases, including Th1 (IFN-γ, CXCL9, TNF-β) and Th17 (CCL20) markers. 48 proteins each were uniquely upregulated in AD and psoriasis...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821857/cdkal1-rs7756992-is-associated-with-diabetic-retinopathy-in-a-chinese-population-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Danfeng Peng, Jie Wang, Rong Zhang, Feng Jiang, Claudia H T Tam, Guozhi Jiang, Tao Wang, Miao Chen, Jing Yan, Shiyun Wang, Dandan Yan, Zhen He, Ronald C W Ma, Yuqian Bao, Cheng Hu, Weiping Jia
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major microvascular complication of diabetes. Susceptibility genes for type 2 diabetes may also impact the susceptibility of DR. This case-control study investigated the effects of 88 type 2 diabetes susceptibility loci on DR in a Chinese population with type 2 diabetes performed in two stages. In stage 1, 88 SNPs were genotyped in 1,251 patients with type 2 diabetes, and we found that ADAMTS9-AS2 rs4607103, WFS1 rs10010131, CDKAL1 rs7756992, VPS26A rs1802295 and IDE-KIF11-HHEX rs1111875 were significantly associated with DR...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821840/antiviral-properties-of-resveratrol-against-pseudorabies-virus-are-associated-with-the-inhibition-of-i%C3%AE%C2%BAb-kinase-activation
#18
Xinghong Zhao, Qiankun Cui, Qiuting Fu, Xu Song, Renyong Jia, Yi Yang, Yuanfeng Zou, Lixia Li, Changliang He, Xiaoxia Liang, Lizi Yin, Juchun Lin, Gang Ye, Gang Shu, Ling Zhao, Fei Shi, Cheng Lv, Zhongqiong Yin
Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is a pathogen of swine resulting in devastating disease and economic losses worldwide. Resveratrol (Res) exhibits inhibitory activity against a wide range of viruses. Despite these important advances, the molecular mechanism(s) by which Res exerts its broad biological effects have not yet been elucidated. In this paper, the antiviral activity of Res against PRV and its mechanism of action were investigated. The results showed that Res potently inhibited PRV replication in a dose-dependent manner, with a 50% inhibition concentration of 17...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821824/identification-and-analysis-of-brown-planthopper-responsive-micrornas-in-resistant-and-susceptible-rice-plants
#19
Yan Wu, Wentang Lv, Liang Hu, Weiwei Rao, Ya Zeng, Lili Zhu, Yuqing He, Guangcun He
The brown planthopper (BPH) is the most devastating insect pest of rice. The rice gene BPH15 confers resistance to BPH. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate a spectrum of development and defense response processes in plants. In this study, we analyzed six miRNA profiles of a BPH15 introgression line (P15) and a susceptible recipient line (PC) at three time points (0 h, 6 h and 48 h) after BPH attack, and identified 464 known miRNAs and 183 potential novel miRNAs. Before the BPH feeding, we identified 23 miRNAs differentially expressed in P15 and PC...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821823/highly-efficient-up-conversion-luminescence-in-er-3-yb-3-co-doped-na5lu9f32-single-crystals-by-vertical-bridgman-method
#20
Shinan He, Haiping Xia, Jianli Zhang, Yongsheng Zhu, Baojiu Chen
Er(3+)/Yb(3+) co-doped Na5Lu9F32 single crystals with different concentrations of Yb(3+) ions were prepared to investigate their phase structure, up-conversion (UC) properties and mechanism of UC luminescence by Bridgman method. Under 980 nm near-infrared (NIR) excitation, three sharp UC emission bands topping at green ~525 nm, ~548 nm and red ~669 nm were obtained in Er(3+)/Yb(3+) doped Na5Lu9F32 single crystals which are attributing to the transitions of (2)H11/2 → (4)I15/2, (4)S3/2 → (4)I15/2 and (4)F9/2 → (4)I15/2, respectively...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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