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Ikuko Takahira, Hirokazu Fuchida, Shigekazu Tabata, Naoya Shindo, Shohei Uchinomiya, Itaru Hamachi, Akio Ojida
Selective protein labeling with a small molecular probe is a versatile method for elucidating protein functions under live-cell conditions. In this Letter, we report the design of the binuclear Ni(II)-iminodiacetic acid (IDA) complex for selective recognition and covalent labeling of His-tag-fused proteins. We found that the Ni(II)-IDA complex 1-2Ni(II) binds to the His6-tag (HHHHHH) with a strong binding affinity (Kd=24 nM), the value of which is 16-fold higher than the conventional Ni(II)-NTA complex (Kd=390 nM)...
July 1, 2014: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Xiaotian Liu, Minhao Wu, Demeng Sun, Jianye Zang
In Escherichia coli, the lsr operon is composed of six genes lsrACDBFG which regulate uptake and modification of the signalling molecule AI-2. LsrR is a repressor of the lsr operon and itself, which can bind phospho-AI-2 and be released from the promoter region of the operon and thus activate gene expression. LsrR fused with an HHHHHH sequence at the C-terminus was expressed, purified and crystallized in order to determine its structure and elucidate the molecular mechanism of repression. The crystal belonged to space group I222, with unit-cell parameters a=79...
August 1, 2010: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
Thi-Ngoc-Thanh Doan, Ponnandy Prabhu, Jin-Kwang Kim, Yeh-Jin Ahn, Sampath Natarajan, Lin-Woo Kang, Geon Tae Park, Sang-Boem Lim, Jung-Kul Lee
L-Rhamnose isomerases catalyze isomerization between L-rhamnose (6-deoxy-L-mannose) and L-rhamnulose (6-deoxy-L-fructose), which is the first step in rhamnose catabolism. L-Rhamnose isomerase from Bacillus halodurans ATCC BAA-125 (BHRI) exhibits interesting characteristics such as high thermostability and selective substrate specificity. BHRI fused with an HHHHHH sequence was purified and crystallized in order to elucidate the molecular basis of its unique enzymatic properties. The crystals were grown by the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion method and belonged to the monoclinic space group P2(1), with unit-cell parameters a = 83...
June 1, 2010: Acta Crystallographica. Section F, Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications
Hai-Yun Qiao, Qian-Jun Zhao, Na Yao, Ya-Zhou Lu, Xiang-Ren Meng, Jian-Lin Han, Wei-Jun Guan, Yue-Hui Ma
PCR-SSCP and DNA sequencing approaches were applied to assess the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and analyze the genetic polymorphisms at partial exon 2 and intron 2 of H-FABP(Heart fatty acid-binding protein)gene, and five sheep populations that comprised of Small-Tailed Han sheep (SH, 48), Ningxia Tan sheep (Tan, 121), Tan x SH F1 (23), Poll Dorset (48) and Suffolk (24) sheep were screened in this study. The result showed: (1)four SNPs at 981(G/A), 1014(A/C) 1019(T/C) and 1058 (-/G ) and nine genotypes (AA, BB, CC, AB, AC, BC, AD, CD and BD) were detected using primer 2, the AA was the predominant genotype...
July 2009: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
Y Chen, R Pasquinelli, M Ataai, R R Koepsel, R A Kortes, R E Shepherd
The coordination of peptides Ser-Pro-His-His-Gly-Gly (SPHHGG) and (His)6 (HHHHHH) to [PdII(mida)(D2O)] (mida2- = N-methyliminodiacetate) was studied by 1H NMR as model reactions for CuII(iminodiacetate)-immobilized metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) sites. This is the first direct physical description of peptide coordination for IMAC. A three-site coordination is observed which involves the first, third, and fourth residues along the peptide chain. The presence of proline in position 2 of SPHHGG achieves the best molecular mechanics and bonding angles in the coordinated peptide and enhances the interaction of the serine amino nitrogen...
March 20, 2000: Inorganic Chemistry
P Dibrov, R Murtazina, J Kinsella, L Fliegel
We examined the function of a highly conserved Histidine rich sequence of amino acids found in the carboxyl-terminal of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE1). A fusion protein containing the sequence HYGHHH (540545) and the balance of the carboxyl terminal of the protein did not bind calcium but bound to an immobilized metal affinity column and could be used to partially purify the exchanger protein. Mutation of the sequence to either HYGAAA or HYGRRR did not affect activity of the intact protein. Mutation to HHHHHH did not affect proton activation of the Na+/H+ exchanger or localization but caused a decreased maximal velocity suggesting that this conserved sequence is important in maximal activity of the Na+/H+ exchanger...
June 2000: Bioscience Reports
G Krishnan, M A Morabito, E Moczydlowski
Saxiphilin is a plasma protein from the bullfrog (Rana catesbiana) that binds saxitoxin (STX), a causative agent of paralytic shellfish poisoning. Saxiphilin is homologous to transferrin and consists of two internally homologous domains called the N-lobe and the C-lobe. STX binds to a single site in the C-lobe of saxiphilin. In this study, cloned genes coding for recombinant saxiphilin and C-lobe saxiphilin were modified to contain two tandemly located affinity tags, Flag epitope (DYKDDDDK) and His(6) (HHHHHH), at the protein C-terminus and were expressed in cultured insect cells using baculovirus vectors...
February 2001: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
M Anderson, D Blowers, N Hewitt, P Hedge, A Breeze, I Hampton, I Taylor
This report describes the cloning of recombinant human Bcl-2, in which the putative disordered loop region has been replaced with a flexible linker and the hydrophobic C-terminus has been replaced with a 6xHis tag (Bcl-2(6-32)-AAAA-Bcl-2(86-206)-HHHHHH, abbreviation rhBcl-2; amino acid numbering excludes the initiating methionine). This protein was expressed in Escherichia coli where it accumulated in insoluble form in inclusion bodies. After lysis the washed inclusion bodies were solubilized and an l-arginine assisted protein refolding route was employed to obtain biologically active protein...
March 1999: Protein Expression and Purification
B Andersen, R C Stevens
Functional human D1A dopamine receptor has been expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The primary sequence of the receptor was modified to include two affinity tags at the C-terminus of the protein, a FLAG tag (DYKDDDDK), and a His6 tag (HHHHHH). These modifications allowed for purification to near homogeneity using immobilized metal affinity chromatography and immunoaffinity chromatography. Radioligand binding demonstrated that the purified and reconstituted receptor binds the antagonist [3H]SCH23390 with an affinity (KD = 8...
June 1998: Protein Expression and Purification
M E Milla, B M Brown, R T Sauer
Many mutant variants of the P22 Arc repressor are subject to intracellular proteolysis in Escherichia coli, which precludes their expression at levels sufficient for purification and subsequent biochemical characterization. Here we examine the effects of several different C-terminal extension sequences on the expression and activity of a set of Arc mutants. We show that two tail sequences, KNQHE (st5) and H6KNQHE (st11), increase the expression levels of most mutants from 10- to 20-fold and, in some cases, result in restoration of biological activity in the cell...
December 1993: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
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