Read by QxMD icon Read

Virtual hospital

Vicky Long
This article examines Scottish provision of psychiatric care in the 1960s and 1970s. It demonstrates that institutional services did not rapidly disappear across the UK following the Ministry of Health's decision to shut down psychiatric hospitals in 1961, and highlights Scotland's distinctive trajectory. Furthermore, it contends that psychiatric hospitals developed new approaches to assist patients in this era, thereby contributing towards the transformation of post-war psychiatric practice. Connecting a discussion of policy with an analysis of provision, it examines the Department of Health for Scotland's cautious response to the Ministry's embrace of deinstitutionalization, before analysing Glasgow's psychiatric provision in the 1970s...
October 21, 2016: History of Psychiatry
M Cambron, N Hadhoum, E Duhin, A Lacour, A Chouraki, P Vermersch
OBJECTIVES: Although many neurologists are reluctant to use natalizumab in MS (multiple sclerosis) given the increased risk for PML (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy), trust was regained with the introduction of JCV antibody titres as a potent disease-modifying therapy. Literature shows that in patients with a negative JCV serology, the risk of PML is virtually non-existent. Unfortunately, seroconversion causes concern amongst many neurologists. Furthermore, when patients seroconvert, it is still unclear what the risk is of passing the important threshold of 1...
October 20, 2016: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Hue-Yu Wang, Ming-Kung Yeh, Chung-Han Ho, Ming-Kuan Hu, Yaw-Bin Huang
PURPOSE: To analyze and characterize data regarding the prevalence and types of outpatient drug-related problems (DRPs) found by clinical pharmacists after implementation of the Virtual Medicine Record in Cloud System (VMRCS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study regarding outpatient pharmaceutical care was conducted at a medical center in Taiwan. Patients aged >20 years old with multiple chronic diseases and polypharmacy were enrolled. In Stage I (1 October-31 December 2014), patients received pharmaceutical care according to prescription data accessed online in the VMRCS...
October 12, 2016: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Jin Tokunaga, Norito Takamura, Yasuyuki Kourogi, Misato Imada, Ayaka Kozasa, Kanako Komori, Chisa Ono, Akie Nishimura, Kenji Ogata, Nao Setoguchi, Toshikazu Matsuoka, Mitsuhiro Kai, Keizo Sato, Kazuhiko Arimori
 We utilized the information and communication technology to develop the physical assessment (PA) learning materials in the virtual experience type. This learning material consists of two parts which include case learning and basic learning. We created example scenarios about various conditions that a pharmacist may experience in medical scenes such as in a hospital ward, community pharmacy, home, and drugstore. Illustrations of a virtual patient's avatar before and after taking the medicines were incorporated in the learning materials...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Fabio Oscari, Roberto Oboe, Omar Andres Daud Albasini, Stefano Masiero, Giulio Rosati
The use of haptic devices in the rehabilitation of impaired limbs has become rather popular, given the proven effectiveness in promoting recovery. In a standard framework, such devices are used in rehabilitation centers, where patients interact with virtual tasks, presented on a screen. To track their sessions, kinematic/dynamic parameters or performance scores are recorded. However, as Internet access is now available at almost every home and in order to reduce the hospitalization time of the patient, the idea of doing rehabilitation at home is gaining wide consent...
October 1, 2016: Sensors
Mutsushi Yamasaki, Yoshiyasu Sato, Takeo Nomura, Fuminori Sato, Shinya Uchino, Hiromitsu Mimata
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2) is an autosomal-dominant cancer syndrome with major components of medullary thyroid carcinoma, pheochromocytoma, and hyperparathyroidism. MEN2B is the most aggressive and rarest of the MEN2 variants. Pheochromocytoma in MEN2 is virtually always located in the adrenal medulla, but MEN2-associated extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas (paraganglioma) are rare. A 59-year-old man who has been diagnosed with MEN2B consulted our hospital for surgical treatment of a 10-mm left adrenal mass and a 30-mm retroperitoneal mass...
October 5, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Melissa R Mazan, Gigi Kay, Mohammed Larbi Souhail, Kirstin Bubeck, Thomas Jenei, Jay Merriam
There is an increasing need to produce veterinarians with knowledge and critical thinking skills that will allow them to participate in veterinary global health equity delivery, particularly in the developing world, where many people remain dependent on animal-based agriculture for a living. This need for veterinarians trained in global health is reflected by the demand among students for greater exposure and education. At the same time, many students are held back from on-site training in global health due to constraints of cost, time, or family obligations...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Ira Shah, Forum Shah
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of drug-resistant (DR) tuberculosis (TB) in children is increasing. Although, in India, multi-drug-resistant (MDR) TB rates have been relatively stable, the number of children with pre-extensively drug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) TB is increasing. AIM: To determine whether the prevalence of DR TB in children in Mumbai is changing and to study the evolving patterns of resistance. METHODS: A retrospective study was undertaken in 1311 paediatric patients referred between April 2007 and March 2013 to the Paediatric TB clinic at B...
August 9, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
Julie Chartrand, Jocelyne Tourigny, Johnna Maccormick
AIMS: To examine the effect of a pre-operative DVD on parents' knowledge, participation and anxiety and on children's distress, pain, analgesic requirements and length of recovery after same-day surgery. BACKGROUND: Very few parents are adequately prepared to participate in their child's care at the time of a same-day surgery. An educational DVD was developed to educate parents on how to actively support their child in the recovery room. DESIGN: Single-blind, post-test randomized controlled trial...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
A Venara, M Neunlist, K Slim, J Barbieux, P A Colas, A Hamy, G Meurette
Postoperative ileus (POI) is a major focus of concern for surgeons because it increases duration of hospitalization, cost of care, and postoperative morbidity. The definition of POI is relatively consensual albeit with a variable definition of interval to resolution ranging from 2 to 7 days for different authors. This variation, however, leads to non-reproducibility of studies and difficulties in interpreting the results. Certain risk factors for POI, such as male gender, advanced age and major blood loss, have been repeatedly described in the literature...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
R Ferrer, R Zaragoza, P Llinares, E Maseda, A Rodríguez, G Quindós
OBJECTIVES: Infections caused by Candida species are common in critically ill patients and contribute to significant morbidity and mortality. The EPICO Project (Epico 1 and Epico 2.0 studies) recently used a Delphi approach to elaborate guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of this condition in critically ill adult patients. We aimed to evaluate the impact of a multifaceted educational intervention based on the Epico 1 and Epico 2.0 recommendations. DESIGN: Specialists anonymously responded to two online surveys before and after a multifaceted educational intervention consisting of 60-min educational sessions, the distribution of slide kits and pocket guides with the recommendations, and an interactive virtual case presented at a teleconference and available for online consultation...
September 16, 2016: Medicina Intensiva
Si-Huei Lee, Shih-Ching Yeh, Rai-Chi Chan, Shuya Chen, Geng Yang, Li-Rong Zheng
Objective. This study aims to extract motor ingredients through data mining from wearable sensors in a virtual reality goal-directed shoulder rehabilitation (GDSR) system and to examine their effects toward clinical assessment. Design. A single-group before/after comparison. Setting. Outpatient research hospital. Subjects. 16 patients with frozen shoulder. Interventions. The rehabilitation treatment involved GDSR exercises, hot pack, and interferential therapy. All patients first received hot pack and interferential therapy on the shoulder joints before engaging in the exercises...
2016: BioMed Research International
Madhukar S Patel, Jahan Mohebali, Jigesh A Shah, James F Markmann, Parsia A Vagefi
BACKGROUND: Liver transplant (LT) patients are at high risk for readmission. This study sought to identify predictors of readmission following liver transplantation and to evaluate their impact on survival in a region with prolonged waiting list times. METHODS: A single center review of adult deceased donor LT's from 2005 to 2015 was performed, with linkage to the UNOS Standard Transplant Analysis and Research registry. Readmission was defined as hospitalization within 90 days of discharge...
September 15, 2016: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Guo-Chen Sun, Xiao-Lei Chen, Yuan-Zheng Hou, Xin-Guang Yu, Xiao-Dong Ma, Gang Liu, Lei Liu, Jia-Shu Zhang, Hao Tang, Ru-Yuan Zhu, Ding-Biao Zhou, Bai-Nan Xu
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic removal of intracerebral hematomas is becoming increasingly common, but there is no standard technique. The authors explored the use of a simple image-guided endoscopic method for removal of spontaneous supratentorial hematomas. METHODS Virtual reality technology based on a hospital picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) was used in 3D hematoma visualization and surgical planning. Augmented reality based on an Android smartphone app, Sina neurosurgical assist, allowed a projection of the hematoma to be seen on the patient's scalp to facilitate selection of the best trajectory to the center of the hematoma...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Ana M N Botelho, Maiana O C Costa, Cristiana O Beltrame, Fabienne A Ferreira, Nicholas C B Lima, Bruno S S Costa, Guilherme L de Morais, Rangel C Souza, Luiz G P Almeida, Ana T R Vasconcelos, Marisa F Nicolás, Agnes M S Figueiredo
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is still one of the most important hospital pathogen globally. The multiresistant isolates of the ST239-SCCmecIII lineage are spread over large geographic regions, colonizing and infecting hospital patients in virtually all continents. The balance between fitness (adaptability) and virulence potential is likely to represent an important issue in the clonal shift dynamics leading the success of some specific MRSA clones over another. The accessory gene regulator (agr) is the master quorum sensing system of staphylococci playing a role in the global regulation of key virulence factors...
September 15, 2016: Genome Biology and Evolution
Srinivas M Susarla, Edward W Swanson, Sheri Slezak, Scott D Lifchez, Richard J Redett
PURPOSE: To assess applicant perceptions and costs associated with the interview process for plastic surgery residency positions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of applicants to the integrated- and independent-track residencies at our institution. All applicants who were interviewed were invited to complete a web-based survey on costs and applicant perceptions of various components of the interview process. Descriptive and bivariate statistics were computed to compare applicants to the two program tracks...
September 14, 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Wenjie Zhong, Pascal Mancuso
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality is an increasingly popular surgical training tool in Australia, following the introduction of Australia's first virtual reality simulation machine at Liverpool Hospital, Sydney. This literature review aims at identifying gaps in previous studies, and in providing a comprehensive review of future studies to be further developed in Australia. METHOD: A multi-field research was performed combining the key terms 'uro*' and 'virtua*' and 'simula*' and 'robo*'...
September 16, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Krzysztof Pabisiak, Arkadiusz Krejczy, Grażyna Dutkiewicz, Krzysztof Safranow, Jerzy Sienko, Romuald Bohatyrewicz, Kazimierz Ciechanowski
BACKGROUND Donation after cardiac death offers the possibility of increasing the pool of organs for transplantation by up to 30%. Maastricht category type 3 (M3) dominates in most countries with active DCD programs. During preparations to introduce a permanent program for uncontrolled donation after circulatory death in Szczecin, Poland, the donor pool has been estimated. In Poland, Maastricht category type 2 (M2) is considered a basic source for organ recovery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) reported to local Emergency Medical Services (EMS) between 1 December 2014 and 30 November 2015...
2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Yun-Chung Cheung, Yu-Hsiang Juan, Yu-Ching Lin, Yung-Feng Lo, Hsiu-Pei Tsai, Shir-Hwa Ueng, Shin-Cheh Chen
BACKGROUND: Mammography screening is a cost-efficient modality with high sensitivity for detecting impalpable cancer with microcalcifications, and results in reduced mortality rates. However, the probability of finding microcalcifications without associated cancerous masses varies. We retrospectively evaluated the diagnosis and cancer probability of the non-mass screened microcalcifications by dual-energy contrast-enhanced spectral mammography (DE-CESM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: With ethical approval from our hospital, we enrolled the cases of DE-CESM for analysis under the following inclusion criteria: (1) referrals due to screened BI-RADS 4 microcalcifications; (2) having DE-CESM prior to stereotactic biopsy; (3) no associated mass found by sonography and physical examination; and (4) pathology-based diagnosis using stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy...
2016: PloS One
Luca Carenzo, Francesco Ragozzino, Davide Colombo, Federico Lorenzo Barra, Francesco Della Corte, Pier Luigi Ingrassia
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals play a pivotal role as basic healthcare providers during mass casualty incidents (MCIs). Radiological studies and emergency laboratory test are of high importance for the management of hospital patients. However, it is known that during these events, they can generate significant bottlenecks. Appropriate request of such tests is of utmost importance to not generate delays in the patient flow. The aim of this paper is to describe a software designed to increase the realism of hospital-based MCI training through a realistic reproduction of radiology and laboratory departments...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"