keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psycholinguistics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222768/thai-norms-for-name-image-and-category-agreement-object-familiarity-visual-complexity-manipulability-and-age-of-acquisition-for-480-color-photographic-objects
#1
A J Benjamin Clarke, Jason D Ludington
Normative databases containing psycholinguistic variables are commonly used to aid stimulus selection for investigations into language and other cognitive processes. Norms exist for many languages, but not for Thai. The aim of the present research, therefore, was to obtain Thai normative data for the BOSS, a set of 480 high resolution color photographic images of real objects (Brodeur et al. in PLoS ONE 5(5), 2010.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0010773 ). Norms were provided by 584 Thai university students on eight dimensions: name agreement, object familiarity, visual complexity, category agreement, image agreement, two types of manipulability (graspability and mimeability), and age of acquisition...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218589/stimulstat-a-lexical-database-for-russian
#2
Svetlana Alexeeva, Natalia Slioussar, Daria Chernova
In this article, we present StimulStat - a lexical database for the Russian language in the form of a web application. The database contains more than 52,000 of the most frequent Russian lemmas and more than 1.7 million word forms derived from them. These lemmas and forms are characterized according to more than 70 properties that were demonstrated to be relevant for psycholinguistic research, including frequency, length, phonological and grammatical properties, orthographic and phonological neighborhood frequency and size, grammatical ambiguity, homonymy and polysemy...
December 7, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160743/left-inferior-frontal-gyrus-sensitivity-to-phonetic-competition-in-receptive-language-processing-a-comparison-of-clear-and-conversational-speech
#3
Xin Xie, Emily Myers
The speech signal is rife with variations in phonetic ambiguity. For instance, when talkers speak in a conversational register, they demonstrate less articulatory precision, leading to greater potential for confusability at the phonetic level compared with a clear speech register. Current psycholinguistic models assume that ambiguous speech sounds activate more than one phonological category and that competition at prelexical levels cascades to lexical levels of processing. Imaging studies have shown that the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) is modulated by phonetic competition between simultaneously activated categories, with increases in activation for more ambiguous tokens...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152716/erps-reveal-weaker-effects-of-spelling-on-auditory-rhyme-decisions-in-children-than-in-adults
#4
Suzanne E Welcome, Marc F Joanisse
A classic finding in psycholinguistics is that orthographic form influences the processing of auditory words. The aim of the present study was to examine how reading experience changes this effect. Specifically, we tested the prediction that top-down visual modulation of spoken word recognition is reduced in children compared to adults, owing to their reduced experience with print. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were measured as 8-10-year-old children and adults made rhyme decisions about spoken word pairs that were either orthographically similar or dissimilar...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147832/wh-questions-universal-statements-and-free-choice-inferences-in-child-mandarin
#5
Haiquan Huang, Peng Zhou, Stephen Crain
This study investigated 5-year-old Mandarin-speaking children's comprehension of wh-questions, universal statements and free choice inferences. Previous research has found that Mandarin-speaking children assign a universal interpretation to sentences with a wh-word (e.g., shei 'who') followed by the adverbial quantifier dou 'all' (Zhou in Appl Psycholinguist 36:411-435, 2013). Children also compute free choice inferences in sentences that contain a modal verb in addition to a wh-word and dou (Zhou, in: Nakayama, Su, Huang (eds...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143472/mindreading-and-psycholinguistic-approaches-to-perspective-taking-establishing-common-ground
#6
Ian Apperly
In this commentary on "Memory and Common Ground Processes in Language Use," I draw attention to relevant work on mindreading. The concerns of research on common ground and mindreading have significant overlap, but these literatures have worked in relative isolation of each other. I attempt an assimilation, pointing out shared and distinctive concerns and mutually informative results.
November 16, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139196/education-and-employment-outcomes-of-young-adults-with-a-history-of-developmental-language-disorder
#7
Gina Conti-Ramsden, Kevin Durkin, Umar Toseeb, Nicola Botting, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) presents a considerable barrier for young adults to engage in further education and training. Early studies with young adults with DLD revealed poor educational achievement and lack of opportunities to progress in education. More recent studies have provided more positive findings. Relatively sparse data exist, however, on current cohorts and the factors that predict outcomes. AIMS: To examine educational and employment outcomes in young adulthood in a sample of people with histories of DLD compared with an age-matched peer group without DLD...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119652/the-novel-language-systematic-aphasia-screening-saps-screening-based-therapy-in-combination-with-computerised-home-training
#8
Franziska Krzok, Verena Rieger, Katharina Niemann, Ruth Nobis-Bosch, Irmgard Radermacher, Walter Huber, Klaus Willmes, Stefanie Abel
BACKGROUND: SAPS-'Sprachsystematisches Aphasiescreening'-is a novel language-systematic aphasia screening developed for the German language, which already had been positively evaluated. It offers a fast assessment of modality-specific psycholinguistic components at different levels of complexity and the derivation of impairment-based treatment foci from the individual performance profile. However, SAPS has not yet been evaluated in combination with the new SAPS-based treatment. AIMS: To replicate the practicality of SAPS and to investigate the effectiveness of a SAPS-based face-to-face therapy combined with computerised home training in a feasibility study...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091940/planning-and-production-of-grammatical-and-lexical-verbs-in-multi-word-messages
#9
Violaine Michel Lange, Maria Messerschmidt, Peter Harder, Hartwig Roman Siebner, Kasper Boye
Grammatical words represent the part of grammar that can be most directly contrasted with the lexicon. Aphasiological studies, linguistic theories and psycholinguistic studies suggest that their processing is operated at different stages in speech production. Models of sentence production propose that at the formulation stage, lexical words are processed at the functional level while grammatical words are processed at a later positional level. In this study we consider proposals made by linguistic theories and psycholinguistic models to derive two predictions for the processing of grammatical words compared to lexical words...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976025/subjective-complaints-after-acquired-brain-injury-presentation-of-the-brain-injury-complaint-questionnaire-bicoq
#10
Claire Vallat-Azouvi, Cyrille Paillat, Stéphanie Bercovici, Bénédicte Morin, Julie Paquereau, James Charanton, Idir Ghout, Philippe Azouvi
The objective of the present study was to present a new complaint questionnaire designed to assess a wide range of difficulties commonly reported by patients with acquired brain injury. Patients (n =  619) had been referred to a community re-entry service at a chronic stage after brain injury, mainly traumatic brain injury (TBI). The Brain Injury Complaint Questionnaire (BICoQ) includes 25 questions in the following domains: cognition, behavior, fatigue and sleep, mood, and somatic problems. A self and a proxy questionnaire were given...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973156/semantic-and-phonological-encoding-times-in-adults-who-stutter-brain-electrophysiological-evidence
#11
Nathan D Maxfield
Purpose: Some psycholinguistic theories of stuttering propose that language production operates along a different time course in adults who stutter (AWS) versus typically fluent adults (TFA). However, behavioral evidence for such a difference has been mixed. Here, the time course of semantic and phonological encoding in picture naming was compared in AWS (n = 16) versus TFA (n = 16) by measuring 2 event-related potential (ERP) components: NoGo N200, an ERP index of response inhibition, and lateralized readiness potential, an ERP index of response preparation...
September 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933895/individual-variability-in-the-semantic-processing-of-english-compound-words
#12
Daniel Schmidtke, Julie A Van Dyke, Victor Kuperman
Semantic transparency effects during compound word recognition provide critical insight into the organization of semantic knowledge and the nature of semantic processing. The past 25 years of psycholinguistic research on compound semantic transparency has produced discrepant effects, leaving the existence and nature of its influence unresolved. In the present study, we examined the influence of semantic transparency and individual reading experience on eye-movement behavior during sentence reading. Eye-movement data were collected from 138 non-college-bound 16- to 26-year-old speakers of English in a sentence-reading task representing a total of 455 different compound words...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926621/mathematical-values-in-the-processing-of-chinese-numeral-classifiers-and-measure-words
#13
One-Soon Her, Ying-Chun Chen, Nai-Shing Yen
A numeral classifier is required between a numeral and a noun in Chinese, which comes in two varieties, sortal classifer (C) and measural classifier (M), also known as 'classifier' and 'measure word', respectively. Cs categorize objects based on semantic attributes and Cs and Ms both denote quantity in terms of mathematical values. The aim of this study was to conduct a psycholinguistic experiment to examine whether participants process C/Ms based on their mathematical values with a semantic distance comparison task, where participants judged which of the two C/M phrases was semantically closer to the target C/M...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887798/processing-language-in-face-to-face-conversation-questions-with-gestures-get-faster-responses
#14
Judith Holler, Kobin H Kendrick, Stephen C Levinson
The home of human language use is face-to-face interaction, a context in which communicative exchanges are characterised not only by bodily signals accompanying what is being said but also by a pattern of alternating turns at talk. This transition between turns is astonishingly fast-typically a mere 200-ms elapse between a current and a next speaker's contribution-meaning that comprehending, producing, and coordinating conversational contributions in time is a significant challenge. This begs the question of whether the additional information carried by bodily signals facilitates or hinders language processing in this time-pressured environment...
September 8, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875456/phonemes-lexical-access-and-beyond
#15
Nina Kazanina, Jeffrey S Bowers, William Idsardi
Phonemes play a central role in traditional theories as units of speech perception and access codes to lexical representations. Phonemes have two essential properties: they are 'segment-sized' (the size of a consonant or vowel) and abstract (a single phoneme may be have different acoustic realisations). Nevertheless, there is a long history of challenging the phoneme hypothesis, with some theorists arguing for differently sized phonological units (e.g. features or syllables) and others rejecting abstract codes in favour of representations that encode detailed acoustic properties of the stimulus...
September 5, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866301/investigating-the-origin-of-nonfluency-in-aphasia-a%C3%A2-path-modeling-approach-to-neuropsychology
#16
Nazbanou Nozari, Yasmeen Faroqi-Shah
A major challenge in understanding the origin of clinical symptoms in neuropsychological impairments is capturing the complexity of the underlying cognitive structure. This paper presents a practical guide to path modeling, a statistical approach that is well-suited for modeling multivariate outcomes with a multi-factorial origin. We discuss a step-by-step application of such a model to the problem of nonfluency in aphasia. Individuals with aphasia are often classified into fluent and nonfluent groups for both clinical and research purposes, but despite a large body of research on the topic, the origin of nonfluency remains obscure...
October 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862710/letter-and-symbol-identification-no-evidence-for-letter-specific-crowding-mechanisms
#17
Eric Castet, Marine Descamps, Ambre Denis-Noël, Pascale Colé
It has been proposed that letters, as opposed to symbols, trigger specialized crowding processes, boosting identification of the first and last letters of words. This hypothesis is based on evidence that single-letter accuracy as a function of within-string position has a W shape (the classic serial position function [SPF] in psycholinguistics) whereas an inverted V shape is obtained when measured with symbols. Our main goal was to test the robustness of the latter result. Our hypothesis was that any letter/symbol difference might result from short-term visual memory processes (due to the partial report [PR] procedures used in SPF studies) rather than from crowding...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858722/comprehension-and-production-of-nouns-and-verbs-in-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#18
Anna Yurchenko, Alexander Golovteev, Dmitry Kopachev, Olga Dragoy
Previous research on linguistic performance at the single-word level in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) has mostly been limited to the comprehension and production of nouns, and findings have been inconsistent. Results are likewise limited and controversial regarding the lateralization of the epileptogenic focus. The present study investigates comprehension and production of nouns and verbs in patients with left and right TLE (12 in each group). We designed a comprehension (word-picture matching) test and a production (naming) test, matched on a range of psycholinguistic parameters for the two word classes...
August 28, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854811/the-impact-of-perinatal-loss-in-maternity-units-a-psycholinguistic-analysis-of-health-professionals-reactions
#19
Gabriella Gandino, Giulia Di Fini, Antonella Bernaudo, Marcello Paltrinieri, Marco Castiglioni, Fabio Veglia
Perinatal loss has a strong emotional impact on health professionals working in maternity units. We aimed to study the impact of this experience on health professionals' language. We analyzed the answers of 162 health professionals (physicians and non-medical staff) who described their reactions to perinatal loss. A linguistic analysis was performed using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software. Associations between language and burnout were studied. Words typical of a psychological shock reaction were used more by non-medical staff than by physicians...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853339/tdq-60-a-color-picture-naming-test-for-adults-and-elderly-people-validation-and-normalization-data
#20
Joël Macoir, Catherine Beaudoin, Josée Bluteau, Olivier Potvin, Maximiliano A Wilson
Word-finding difficulties are usually assessed with picture-naming tests. In this article, we present the TDQ-60, a new test designed to assess acquired lexical access deficits, taking into account semantics and psycholinguistic variables. The article includes three studies. Study 1 describes the development phase of the TDQ-60.  In study 2, healthy control participants and individuals with a diagnosis of the semantic variant of primary progressive aphasia were assessed to establish the convergent and discriminant validity of the TDQ-60...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
keyword
keyword
19819
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"