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Adler psychology

Jennifer N Felder, Barbara Laraia, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole Bush, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Melanie Thomas, Nancy Adler, Elissa Epel, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in pregnancy and associated with increased psychological distress, which has adverse consequences for families. Emerging theory suggests that mindfulness-based interventions may help reduce cognitive and emotional reactivity to stressful events. The current study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on the relationship between poor sleep quality and increased depression symptom severity and perceived stress during pregnancy...
January 6, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Sara Pankowski, Mats Adler, Gerhard Andersson, Nils Lindefors, Cecilia Svanborg
Previous studies have supported acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for reducing impairment related to various chronic conditions. ACT may possibly be beneficial for bipolar disorder (BD) with co-existing anxiety, which is associated with a poorer treatment outcome. Efforts are needed to identify suitable psychological interventions for BD and co-existing anxiety. In this open clinical trial, we included 26 patients with BD type 1 or 2 at an outpatient psychiatric unit specializing in affective disorders...
September 19, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Matthias Michal, Julia Adler, Iris Reiner, Andreas Wermke, Tatiana Ackermann, Tanja Schlereth, Frank Birklein
BACKGROUND:  Many patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) report some foreignness of the affected limb, which is referred to as "neglect-like symptoms" (NLS). Despite similarities of the NLS reports to symptoms of body image disturbances in mental disorders, no study has been conducted to examine such associations. METHODS:  We investigated 50 patients with CRPS and 45 pain control patients (N = 27, chronic limb pain; N = 18, migraine headache)...
September 7, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Karen A Matthews, Nancy E Adler, Christopher B Forrest, William W Stead
Social, psychological, and behavioral factors are recognized as key contributors to health, but they are rarely measured in a systematic way in health care settings. Electronic health records (EHRs) can be used in these settings to routinely collect a standardized set of social, psychological, and behavioral determinants of health. The expanded use of EHRs provides opportunities to improve individual and population health, and offers new ways for the psychological community to engage in health promotion and disease prevention efforts...
September 2016: American Psychologist
Lynne T Braun, Kathleen L Grady, Jean S Kutner, Eric Adler, Nancy Berlinger, Renee Boss, Javed Butler, Susan Enguidanos, Sarah Friebert, Timothy J Gardner, Phil Higgins, Robert Holloway, Madeleine Konig, Diane Meier, Mary Beth Morrissey, Tammie E Quest, Debra L Wiegand, Barbara Coombs-Lee, George Fitchett, Charu Gupta, William H Roach
The mission of the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association includes increasing access to high-quality, evidence-based care that improves patient outcomes such as health-related quality of life and is consistent with the patients' values, preferences, and goals. Awareness of and access to palliative care interventions align with the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association mission. The purposes of this policy statement are to provide background on the importance of palliative care as it pertains to patients with advanced cardiovascular disease and stroke and their families and to make recommendations for policy decisions...
September 13, 2016: Circulation
J Steven Svoboda, Peter W Adler, Robert S Van Howe
The foreskin is a complex structure that protects and moisturizes the head of the penis, and, being the most densely innervated and sensitive portion of the penis, is essential to providing the complete sexual response. Circumcision-the removal of this structure-is non-therapeutic, painful, irreversible surgery that also risks serious physical injury, psychological sequelae, and death. Men rarely volunteer for it, and increasingly circumcised men are expressing their resentment about it.Circumcision is usually performed for religious, cultural and personal reasons...
June 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
Joel T Adler, James F Markmann, Heidi Yeh
INTRODUCTION: Early allograft thrombosis is a devastating complication that often leads to graft loss after living donor kidney transplantation. In addition to the psychological effects on donor and recipient, it could make future kidney matches challenging due to sensitization. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) was queried for adult patients undergoing living donor renal transplantation from 2001 to 2010. Sensitization was defined as a panel reactive antibody of ≥50%...
August 2016: Clinical Transplantation
Amadeusz Citlak
This article is an attempt to reconstruct the psychological achievements of the representatives of the Lvov-Warsaw School of historical psychology, virtually forgotten and unknown in the world's psychological literature. Kazimierz Twardowski (1866-1938), founder of the school, developed a philosophical and psychological program on the basis of (among other things) the theory of actions and products, including the research program that is now included in the thread of historical psychology. His student, Wladyslaw Witwicki (1878-1948), developed the cratism theory (the theory of power) on the basis Twardowski's assumptions, providing an alternative to Alfred Adler's theory of striving for superiority while also declaring it a few years before Adler...
May 2016: History of Psychology
Lauri A Pasch, Sarah R Holley, Maria E Bleil, Dena Shehab, Patricia P Katz, Nancy E Adler
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent to which fertility patients and partners received mental health services (MHS) and were provided with information about MHS by their fertility clinics, and whether the use of MHS, or the provision of information about MHS by fertility clinics, was targeted to the most distressed individuals. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Five fertility practices. PATIENT(S): A total of 352 women and 274 men seeking treatment for infertility...
July 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Efrat Vignansky, Uri Timor
This qualitative study examines the life stories of men who committed violent crimes against their intimate partners, for which they have served prison sentences. For the study, nine men in a rehabilitation hostel in Israel were interviewed. The study aim was to understand the psychological process that had brought the participants to behave violently towards their partners. Narrative analysis of the life stories resulted in two main themes. The first, childhood, was related to how the interviewee during his childhood perceived his personal identity and his parents...
November 27, 2015: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Charles W Hoge, Christopher G Ivany, Edward A Brusher, Millard D Brown, John C Shero, Amy B Adler, Christopher H Warner, David T Orman
The cumulative strain of 14 years of war on service members, veterans, and their families, together with continuing global threats and the unique stresses of military service, are likely to be felt for years to come. Scientific as well as political factors have influenced how the military has addressed the mental health needs resulting from these wars. Two important differences between mental health care delivered during the Iraq and Afghanistan wars and previous wars are the degree to which research has directly informed care and the consolidated management of services...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
Eli Puterman, Aric A Prather, Elissa S Epel, Sheila Loharuka, Nancy E Adler, Barbara Laraia, A Janet Tomiyama
OBJECTIVE: Long-term psychological stress is associated with BMI increases in children as they transition to adulthood, whereas long-term maintenance of physical activity can slow excess weight gain. We hypothesized that in addition to these main effects, long-term physical activity mitigates the relationship between long-term stress and BMI increase. METHOD: The NHLBI Growth and Health Study enrolled 2,379 10-year-old Black and White girls, following them annually for 10 measurement points...
February 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Karin Halje, Toomas Timpka, Petra Tylestedt, Anna-Karin Adler, Lena Fröberg, Tommy Schyman, Kristoffer Johansson, Katarina Dahl
OBJECTIVES: To examine a self-referral psychological service provided to young adults with regard to effects on anxiety, depression and psychological distress and to explore client factors predicting non-adherence and non-response. DESIGN: Observational study over a 2-year period. SETTING: Young Adults Centre providing psychological services by self-referral (preprimary care) to Linköping, Åtvidaberg, and Kinda municipalities (combined population 145,000) in Östergötland county, Sweden...
2015: BMJ Open
K Jill Fleuriet, T S Sunil
The Latina Paradox, or persistent, unexplained variation in low birth weight rates in recently immigrated Mexican women and the trend toward higher rates in subsequent generations of Mexican American women, is most often attributed to unidentified sociocultural causes. We suggest herein that different disciplinary approaches can be synthesized under the constructs of reproductive habitus and subjective social status to identify influences of sociocultural processes on birth weight. Reproductive habitus are "modes of living the reproductive body, bodily practices, and the creation of new subjects through interactions between people and structures" (Smith-Oka, 2012: 2276)...
August 2015: Social Science & Medicine
R Nicholas Carleton, Myriah K Mulvogue, Sophie Duranceau
There is considerable research implicating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a common reaction to intimate-partner violence (IPV; Golding, 1999). PTSD is categorized as a single disorder; however, there is significant heterogeneity in its symptom-presentation patterns (Dickstein, Suvak, Litz, & Adler, 2010). Researchers have posited underlying personality characteristics as potentiating different expressions of PTSD (Miller, Greif, & Smith, 2003). Specifically, a model with 3 personality subtypes (i.e...
March 2015: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Margaret L Kern, Lea E Waters, Alejandro Adler, Mathew A White
Seligman recently introduced the PERMA model with five core elements of psychological well-being: positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment. We empirically tested this multidimensional theory with 516 Australian male students (age 13-18). From an extensive well-being assessment, we selected a subset of items theoretically relevant to PERMA. Factor analyses recovered four of the five PERMA elements, and two ill-being factors (depression and anxiety). We then explored the nomological net surrounding each factor by examining cross-sectional associations with life satisfaction, hope, gratitude, school engagement, growth mindset, spirituality, physical vitality, physical activity, somatic symptoms, and stressful life events...
May 4, 2015: Journal of Positive Psychology
H J Berberich, D Schultheiss, B Kieser
Oswald Schwarz, a urologist from Vienna, was a scholar of Anton Ritter von Frisch and Hans Rubritius. As a physician during World War I, he was confronted with numerous bullet wounds to the spinal cord. In 1919, he completed his professorial thesis"Bladder dysfunction as a result of bullet wounds to the spinal cord". Oswald Schwarz was known as a committed surgeon. As an urologist he also treated patients with sexual dysfunction. Besides his practical and scientific urology-related work, he was also interested in psychology and philosophy...
January 2015: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
Rob Selzer, Steven Ellen, Robert Adler
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatrists are in a key position to teach medical students about psychotherapy. Whilst at first it may appear a formidable task, it need not be so. It should however, have applicability to the bulk of students, who will not go on to psychiatry training. CONCLUSIONS: We outline some potentially useful strategies to help clinicians teach aspects of psychotherapy to students: making it easy and relevant, illustrating the broad applications of psychological concepts, introducing cultural references, as well as appreciating that assessment can drive learning...
February 2015: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Andreas Adler, Sebastian Geiger, Anne Keil, Harald Bias, Philipp Schatz, Theo deVos, Jens Dhein, Mathias Zimmermann, Rudolf Tauber, Bertram Wiedenmann
BACKGROUND: Despite strong recommendations for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, participation rates are low. Understanding factors that affect screening choices is essential to developing future screening strategies. Therefore, this study assessed patient willingness to use non-invasive stool or blood based screening tests after refusing colonoscopy. METHODS: Participants were recruited during regular consultations. Demographic, health, psychological and socioeconomic factors were recorded...
2014: BMC Gastroenterology
Robert Conder, Alanna Adler Conder
BACKGROUND: The neuropsychological, physical, vestibular and oculomotor sequelae of sports-related concussion are extremely well documented. However, there is a paucity of interventions for these symptoms in refractory sports-related concussions. AIM: The intent of this article is to review the known and emerging neuropsychological and psychological rehabilitation interventions for reducing morbidity in refractory sports-related concussions (SRCs). METHODS: The authors openly acknowledge the limited amount of empirical data available for review, as did the Zurich consensus papers, but posit a mindful and ethical approach towards rehabilitation interventions in the absence of evidence-based guidelines...
2015: Brain Injury: [BI]
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