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Rossella Letizia Mancusi, Massimo Andreoni, Daniela d'Angela, Cesare Sarrecchia, Federico Spandonaro
Between western European countries, the hepatitis C virus (HCV) endemic is highest in Italy. The main objective of this paper is to estimate the endemic diffusion of hepatitis C at the national level and by geographical area, with an extrapolation at the regional level and by uniform cohorts of subjects (by sex and year of birth). The secondary objective is a stratification by gravity of the estimated statistical figures to provide an overview of possible targets of the new anti-HCV treatments.PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant Italian populations studies regarding HCV prevalence...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yves Claude Guillaume, Lydie Lethier, Claire André
TRAIL is a member of the TNF family of cytokines which induces apoptosis of cancer cells via its binding to its cognate receptors, DR5 a high affinity site and DR4 a site of low affinity. Our working group has recently demonstrated that nanovectorization of TRAIL with single wall carbon nanotubes (abbreviated NPT) enhanced TRAIL affinity to the high affinity site DR5 and increased pro apoptotic potential in different human tumor cell lines. In this paper, the DR4 low affinity site was immobilized on a chromatographic support and the effect of temperature on a wide temperature range 1°C-50°C was studied to calculate the thermodynamic parameters of the binding of TRAIL and NPT to DR4 and DR5 receptors...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Chun-Yen Liu, Chang-Hung Hsieh, Seung-Hun Kim, Jing-Ping Wang, Yu-Lin Ni, Chun-Li Su, Ching-Fa Yao, Kang Fang
Human liver cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers worldwide. The development of resistance to therapy limits the application against the disease. To improve treatment, new effective anticancer agents are constantly pursued. Previously, we reported that an indolylquinoline, 3-((7-ethyl-1H-indol-3-yl)-methyl)-2-methylquinoline (EMMQ), is effective in suppressing the growth of human lung cancer by impairing mitochondria functions. The present study revealed that EMMQ inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis in liver cancer cells, but not in normal cells...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Jason Gavin, Fran Quilty, Ferenc Majer, Georgina Gilsenan, Anne Marie Byrne, Aideen Long, Gabor Radics, John F Gilmer
Tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) is a cytoprotective ER stress inhibitor and chemical chaperone. It has therapeutic potential in a wide array of diseases but a specific macromolecular target or molecular mechanism of action remains obscure. This Letter describes an effective new synthetic approach to taurine conjugation of bile acids which we used to prepare 3α-dansyl TUDCA (4) as a probe for TUDCA actions. As a model of ER stress we used the hepatocarcinoma cell line HUH7 and stimulation with either deoxycholic acid (DCA, 200μM) or tunicamycin (5μg/ml) and measured levels of Bip/GRP78, ATF4, CHOP and XBP1s/XBP1u...
June 23, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Seo Yeon Lee, Kwang Suk Ko
BACKGROUND: Exposure to ethanol abuse and severe oxidative stress are risk factors for hepatocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe) and its combinations with taurine and/or betaine on the level of glutathione (GSH), a powerful antioxidant in the liver, in acute hepatotoxicity induced by ethanol. METHODS: To examine the effects of SAMe and its combinations with taurine and/or betaine on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, AML12 cells and C57BL/6 mice were pretreated with SAMe, taurine, and/or betaine, followed by ethanol challenge...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Álvaro Marín-Hernández, José S Rodríguez-Zavala, Isis Del Mazo-Monsalvo, Sara Rodríguez-Enríquez, Rafael Moreno-Sánchez, Emma Saavedra
Glycolysis provides precursors for the synthesis of macromolecules and may contribute to the ATP supply required for the constant and accelerated cellular duplication in cancer cells. In consequence, inhibition of glycolysis has been reiteratively considered as an anti-cancer therapeutic option. In previous studies, kinetic modeling of glycolysis in cancer cells allowed the identification of the main steps that control the glycolytic flux: glucose transporter, hexokinase (HK), hexose phosphate isomerase (HPI), and glycogen degradation in human cervix HeLa cancer cells and rat AS-30D ascites hepatocarcinoma...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Qianqian Zhao, Zhaopeng Wang, Zhaoxia Wang, Licun Wu, Weidong Zhang
Aspirin is known to have inhibitory effects on growth development in various types of tumor. In previous studies, it was observed to inhibit angiogenesis by downregulating the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A). In the present study, murine H22 hepatocarcinoma and S180 sarcoma models were used to ascertain whether aspirin could inhibit angiogenesis and promote autophagy in tumors. Tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into four groups with 10 mice per group: i) no treatment; ii) low-dose aspirin (100 mg/kg); iii) high-dose aspirin (400 mg/kg); iv) everolimus group (4 mg/kg)...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Xujuan Sun, Bin Wei, Shuqing Liu, Chunmei Guo, Na Wu, Qinlong Liu, Ming-Zhong Sun
OBJECTIVE: Annexin A5 (Anxa5) is associated with the progression of some cancers, while its role and regulation mechanism in tumor lymphatic metastasis is rarely reported. This study aims to investigate the influence of Anxa5 knockdown on the malignant behaviours of murine hepatocarcinoma Hca-F cell line with high lymph node metastatic (LNM) potential and the underlying regulation mechanism. METHODS: RNA interfering was performed to silence Anxa5 in Hca-F. Monoclonal shRNA-Anxa5- Hca-F cells were obtained via G418 screening by limited dilution method...
September 30, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Isabel Mérida, Pedro Torres-Ayuso, Antonia Ávila-Flores, Javier Arranz-Nicolás, Elena Andrada, María Tello-Lafoz, Rosa Liébana, Raquel Arcos
Diacylglycerol kinases (DGK) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the transformation of diacylglycerol into phosphatidic acid. In T lymphocytes, DGKα and ζ limit the activation of the PLCγ/Ras/ERK axis, providing a critical checkpoint to inhibit T cell responses. Upregulation of these isoforms limits Ras activation, leading to hypo-responsive, anergic states similar to those caused by tumors. Recent studies have identified DGKα upregulation in tumor lymphocyte infiltrates, and cells from DGKα and ζ deficient mice show enhanced antitumor activity, suggesting that limitation of DAG based signals by DGK is used by tumors to evade immune attack...
September 23, 2016: Advances in Biological Regulation
Hitomi Shirahama, Supriya K Kumar, Won-Yong Jeon, Myung Hee Kim, Jae Ho Lee, Soon Seng Ng, Seyed R Tabaei, Nam-Joon Cho
The ability to maintain hepatocyte function in vitro, for the purpose of testing xenobiotics' cytotoxicity, studying virus infection and developing drugs targeted at the liver, requires a platform in which cells receive proper biochemical and mechanical cues. Recent liver tissue engineering systems have employed three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds composed of synthetic or natural hydrogels, given their high water retention and their ability to provide the mechanical stimuli needed by the cells. There has been growing interest in the inverted colloidal crystal (ICC) scaffold, a recent development, which allows high spatial organization, homotypic and heterotypic cell interaction, as well as cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interaction...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
J Zhang, H Wu, Q Zhang, M Xu, Y Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Elisa Feller Gonçalves da Silva, Gabriele Catyana Krause, Kelly Goulart Lima, Gabriela Viegas Haute, Leonardo Pedrazza, Fernanda Cristina Mesquita, Bruno Souza Basso, Anderson Catarina Velasquez, Fernanda Bordignon Nunes, Jarbas Rodrigues de Oliveira
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most prevalent type of tumor among primary tumors affecting the liver. Rapamycin is currently used as a basis for chemotherapy in the treatment of cancers, including the liver. Because it shows several adverse effects, minimizing these effects without compromising efficacy is important. In this sense other drugs may be used concomitantly. One of these drugs is fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), which has shown therapeutic effect in various pathological situations, having antioxidant and anti-inflammatory proprieties...
September 20, 2016: Oncology Reports
Bo Tang, Guangying Qi, Fang Tang, Shengguang Yuan, Zhenran Wang, Xingsi Liang, Bo Li, Shuiping Yu, Jie Liu, Qi Huang, Yangchao Wei, Run Zhai, Biao Lei, Hongping Yu, Stephen Tomlinson, Songqing He
The Jumonji domain-containing chromatin remodeling factor JMJD3 has important roles in development and cancer. Here we report a pivotal role for JMJD3 in sustaining the phenotype of aggressive hepatocarcinomas (HCC). Expression levels of JMJD3 in clinical specimens of HCC correlated inversely with patient survival. In HCC cells, we found that enforcing its overexpression induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), invasive migration, stem cell-like traits and metastatic properties. Conversely, silencing JMJD3 in HCC cells overexpressing it inhibited these aggressive phenotypes...
September 20, 2016: Cancer Research
Qiuxia Lu, Yiran Sun, Yueyue Shu, Shancai Tan, Li Yin, Yiran Guo, Lin Tang
Five main compounds, including two iridoid glycosides (catalposide, verproside) and three phenolic compounds (luteolin, 4-hydroxy benzoic acid, 3,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid), were separated and prepared from the crude extract of Veronica ciliata by high-speed countercurrent chromatography. n-Hexane/n-butanol/water (1.5:5:5, v/v/v) was used for the separation of catalposide and verproside. n-Hexane/n-butanol/water (3:2:5, v/v/v) was used for the separation of luteolin, 4-hydroxy benzoic acid and 3,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Masashi Sekimoto, Haruna Sumi, Takuomi Hosaka, Takashi Umemura, Akiyoshi Nishikawa, Masakuni Degawa
The ability of nine cooked food-derived heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs), such as 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1), 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2), 2-amino-6-methylpyrido[12-a:3',2'-d]imidazole (Glu-P-1), 2-amino-pyrido[12-a:3',2'-d]imidazole hydrochloride (Glu-P-2), 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC), 2-amino-3-methyl-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (MeAαC), 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinolone (IQ), 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), to activate human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (hAhR) was examined using a HepG2-A10 cell line, which has previously established from human hepatocarcinoma-derived HepG2 cells for use in hAhR-based luciferase reporter gene assays...
September 16, 2016: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Masayoshi Yamaguchi, Satoru Osuka, M Neale Weitzmann, Bassel F El-Rayes, Mamoru Shoji, Tomiyasu Murata
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant cancers worldwide and ranks third in overall global cancer-related mortality rates. Importantly, in this study gene expression data demonstrate that prolonged survival in HCC patients is associated with increased regucalcin gene expression. Regucalcin has been shown to play a pivotal role as a transcription repressor and diminished expression or activity of regucalcin may play a key role in the development of human carcinogenesis. Indeed, overexpression of regucalcin suppressed the proliferation, cell death, and migration of human HCC HepG2 cells in vitro...
October 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Salma Mahmoud, Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Hago, Yuhong Huang, Yuanyi Wei, Jun Zhang, Qingqing Zhang, Yu Xiao, Jingwen Wang, Munkaila Adam, Yu Guo, Li Wang, Shuting Zhou, Boyi Xin, Wei Xuan
Lymphatic vessels function as transport channels for tumor cells to metastasize from the primary site into the lymph nodes. In this experiment we evaluated the effect of Sulfatase-1 (Sulf-1) on metastasis by upregulating it in murine hepatocarcinoma cell line Hca-F with high lymph node metastatic rate of >75%. The study in vitro showed that up regulation of Sulf-1 in Hca-F cells significantly reduced cell proliferation, migration and invasion (p<0.05). Also, the forced expression of Sulf-1 down regulated Mesothelin (Msln) at both the protein and mRNA levels...
September 10, 2016: Oncotarget
Jing Liu, Shuli Man, Zhen Liu, Long Ma, Wenyuan Gao
Polyphyllin I (PPI) and formosanin C (FC) were regarded as effective and imperative components isolated from Rhizoma Paridis saponins (RPS) and exhibited strong anti-tumor effects on a variety of cancers. With the wide application of complex mixtures in clinics, synergistic interactions are of vital importance in phytomedicine. Therefore, it is of inherent importance to study whether there is a synergistic anti-tumor effect on PPI and FC from one herb. In this study, the viability was detected by MTT assay...
October 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Ruby Ann Chirino-Sprung, Margarita Dehesa, Enrique Wolpert, Clara Corona-Lau, Ignacio García-Juarez, José Francisco Sánchez-Ávila, Carlos Moctezuma-Velázquez, David Kershenobich
BACKGROUND: In clinical trials, new oral direct-acting antiviral agent therapies have demonstrated a high sustained virological response rate in patients with hepatitis C virus infection. We aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety data from direct-acting antiviral agent interferon-free therapy in hepatitis C virus infection in a study performed in five different clinical settings in Mexico City; four private practice sites and one academic medical center in a real-world scenario. METHODS: Eighty-one patients were treated with seven different direct-acting antiviral agent regimens, in which the end of treatment, sustained virological response at 12 weeks post-treatment, and adverse effects were evaluated...
July 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Pietro Carotenuto, Matteo Fassan, Rosantony Pandolfo, Andrea Lampis, Caterina Vicentini, Luciano Cascione, Viola Paulus-Hock, Luke Boulter, Rachel Guest, Luca Quagliata, Jens Claus Hahne, Rachel Ridgway, Tam Jamieson, Dimitris Athineos, Angelo Veronese, Rosa Visone, Claudio Murgia, Giulia Ferrari, Vincenza Guzzardo, Thomas Ronald Jeffry Evans, Martin MacLeod, Gui Ji Feng, Trevor Dale, Massimo Negrini, Stuart J Forbes, Luigi Terracciano, Aldo Scarpa, Tushar Patel, Nicola Valeri, Paul Workman, Owen Sansom, Chiara Braconi
OBJECTIVE: Transcribed-ultraconserved regions (T-UCR) are long non-coding RNAs which are conserved across species and are involved in carcinogenesis. We studied T-UCRs downstream of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in liver cancer. DESIGN: Hypomorphic Apc mice (Apcfl/fl) and thiocetamide (TAA)-treated rats developed Wnt/β-catenin dependent hepatocarcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), respectively. T-UCR expression was assessed by microarray, real-time PCR and in situ hybridisation...
September 12, 2016: Gut
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