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Imma Pagano, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Rita Celano, Luca Campone, Patrizia Gazzerro, Mariateresa Russo, Luca Rastrelli
Artichoke by-products are a suitable source of health-promoting ingredients for the production of dietary supplements and food additives. A pressurized hot water extraction (PHWE) was developed to recover caffeoylquinic acids (CQAs) and flavone glycosides (FLs) from agro-industrial artichoke by-products. The main factors influencing PHWE efficiency and CQA isomerization (temperature, numbers of cycles, modifier and extraction time) were carefully studied and optimized by response surface design. The proposed PHWE procedure provides an exhaustive extraction of CQAs and FLs (recoveries: 93-105 and 90-105%) from artichoke external bracts and leaves of different cultivars (p > 0...
May 18, 2018: Electrophoresis
Lifeng Wang, Jun Ren
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as a common public health problem and a common cause of chronic liver diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms leading to the development and progression of NAFLD remain elusive. Accumulating evidence has depicted an essential role for endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the development of steatosis and later progression into nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. With the accumulation of unfolded and misfolded proteins in the ER lumen, ER stress is provoked to turn on the unfolded protein response (UPR)...
May 16, 2018: Current Drug Targets
Veronica Ceccarelli, Virginia Valentini, Simona Ronchetti, Lorenza Cannarile, Monia Billi, Carlo Riccardi, Laura Ottini, Vincenzo Nicola Talesa, Francesco Grignani, Alba Vecchini
In cancer cells, global genomic hypomethylation is found together with localized hypermethylation of CpG islands within the promoters and regulatory regions of silenced tumor suppressor genes. Demethylating agents may reverse hypermethylation, thus promoting gene re-expression. Unfortunately, demethylating strategies are not efficient in solid tumor cells. DNA demethylation is mediated by ten-eleven translocation enzymes (TETs). They sequentially convert 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), which is associated with active transcription; 5-formylcytosine; and finally, 5-carboxylcytosine...
May 14, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
ShuLiang Liu, JinMei Piao, YunCai Liu, JingLong Tang, Peng Liu, DaPeng Yang, Li Zhang, Nan Ge, Zhezhen Jin, QiXiao Jiang, LianHua Cui
AIM: To evaluate intravenously injected bovine serum albumin-templated gold nanoparticles (BSA-GNPs) for radiosensitization effects on H22 hepatoma-bearing mice. MATERIALS & METHODS: BSA-GNPs in different size were injected intravenously with a dose of 4 mg Au/kg. After 30 min injection, the tumor-bearing mice were irradiated with 5 Gy x-ray. RESULTS: BSA-GNPs in 8, 50 and 187 nm were synthesized and have no obvious cytotoxicity to HeLa, HepG2 and HeCat cells when the concentration was up to 32 μM...
May 11, 2018: Nanomedicine
Shaivee Borker, Varsha Pokharkar
In this study, we have reported the fabrication and evaluation of pectin-capped gold nanoparticles (PEC-AuNPs) for delivery of anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) to cells overexpressing asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR). Pectin was used as a reducing, stabilizing and targeting agent. The pectin-capped gold nanoparticles demonstrated surface plasmon resonance band at 519 nm. The PEC-AuNPs were spherical in shape with a particle size of 14 nm and zeta potential value of -33 mV and were biocompatible and non-cytotoxic...
May 11, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Indu Choudhary, Hyunkyoung Lee, Min Jung Pyo, Yunwi Heo, Jinho Chae, Seung Shic Yum, Changkeun Kang, Euikyung Kim
Nemopilema nomurai is a giant jellyfish that blooms in East Asian seas. Recently, N. nomurai venom (NnV) was characterized from a toxicological and pharmacological point of view. A mild dose of NnV inhibits the growth of various kinds of cancer cells, mainly hepatic cancer cells. The present study aims to identify the potential therapeutic targets and mechanism of NnV in the growth inhibition of cancer cells. Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cells were treated with NnV, and its proteome was analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, followed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI/TOF/MS)...
May 10, 2018: Toxins
Catarina Oliveira, Fernando Cagide, José Teixeira, Ricardo Amorim, Lisa Sequeira, Francesco Mesiti, Tiago Silva, Jorge Garrido, Fernando Remião, Santiago Vilar, Eugenio Uriarte, Paulo J Oliveira, Fernanda Borges
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial age-related disease associated with oxidative stress (OS) and impaired cholinergic transmission. Accordingly, targeting mitochondrial OS and restoring cholinergic transmission can be an effective therapeutic strategy toward AD. Herein, we report for the first time dual-target hydroxybenzoic acid (HBAc) derivatives acting as mitochondriotropic antioxidants and cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors. The studies were performed with two mitochondriotropic antioxidants AntiOxBEN 1 (catechol derivative), and AntiOxBEN 2 (pyrogallol derivative) and compounds 15-18 , which have longer spacers...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Wen Jiang, Cai Zhang, Zhigang Tian, Jian Zhang
PURPOSE: Natural killer (NK) cells can kill transformed cells and represent anti-tumor activities for improving the immunotherapy of cancer. In previous works, we established human interleukin-15 (hIL-15) gene-modified NKL cells (NKL-IL15) and demonstrated their efficiency against human hepatocarcinoma cells (HCCs) in vitro and in vivo. To further assess the applicability of NKL-IL15 cells in adoptive cellular immunotherapy for human leukemia, here we report their natural cytotoxicity against leukemia in vitro and in vivo...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Jing-Yang He, Qiu-Ying Liu, Ling Wei, Zhong-Jian Liu, Yuan Huang, Xiao-Qin Yu, Bo Li, Yang Qin
OBJECTIVE: To study the regulation of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) expression bythe brother of the regulator of the imprinted site (BORIS) in hepatocellular carcinoma cell. METHODS: The expression of SOCS3 mRNA in HCC cell lines was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression of SOCS3 protein in knockdown and overexpression BORIS of HCC cell lines was tested by Western blot. The SOCS3 gene promoter methylation statusin the knockdown and overexpression BORIS of hepatocarcinoma cell lines was detected by using methylation specific PCR (MSP-PCR) method...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Yukun Fang, Anhong Ning, Sha Li, Shaozheng Zhou, Lei Liu, Thomson Patrick Joseph, Mintao Zhong, Jilong Jiao, Wei Zhang, Yonghui Shi, Meishan Zhang, Min Huang
Malignant ascites is a highly severe and intractable complication of advanced or recurrent malignant tumors that is often immunotherapy-resistant. Rhizoma Pleionis is widely used in traditional medicine as an antimicrobial and anticancer agent, but its effectiveness in treating malignant ascites is unclear. In the current study, we investigated the effect of polysaccharides isolated from Rhizoma Pleionis (PRP) on murine hepatocarcinoma H22 cells in an ascites model. We have found that the main components of PRP, that presented a relative molecular weight of 383...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Bénédicte Delire, Patrick Henriet, Pascale Lemoine, Isabelle A Leclercq, Peter Stärkel
Ninety percent of hepatocarcinoma (HCC) develop in a chronically damaged liver. The interactions between non tumor stromal components, especially macrophages, and the cancer cells are still incompletely understood. Our aim was to determine whether a chronically injured liver represents a favorable environment for the seeding and growth of HCC cells, and to evaluate the potential roles of macrophages infiltrated within the tumor. HCC cells were injected into the liver in healthy mice (healthy liver group-HL) and in mice chronically treated with CCl4 for 7 weeks (CCl4 7w group)...
May 4, 2018: Cancer Science
Cécile de Leusse, André Maues De Paula, Audrey Ascherod, Chistelle Parache, Hery Geraldine, Mathilde Cailliez, Chantal Missirian, Alexandre Fabre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
S Gupta, A R Jackson, D G DaJusta, D J McLeod, S A Alpert, V R Jayanthi, K McHugh, A R Schwaderer, B Becknell, C B Ching
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have historically been evaluated for their role in protecting against uropathogens. However, there is mounting evidence to support their expression in noninfectious injury, with unclear meaning as to their function. It is possible that AMPs represent urothelial injury. Urinary tract obstruction is known to alter the urothelium; however, AMPs have not been evaluated for expression in this noninfectious injury. OBJECTIVE: A pilot study to compare urinary AMP expression in children undergoing surgical intervention for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with nonobstructed controls...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
José Tinoco González, Jose María Álamo Martínez, Carmen Bernal Bellido, Gonzalo Suárez Artacho, Luis Miguel Marín Gómez, Lydia Barrera-Pulido, Javier Padillo Ruíz, Miguel Ángel Gómez Bravo
Between 1991 and 2013, 1,000 liver transplantations were performed at Virgen del Rocio Hospital (Seville, Spain). A retrospective study was conducted, analyzing the characteristics of recipients and donors, indications, surgical technique, complications and survival in 2 different stages (1991-2002 vs. 2003-2013) coinciding with the implementation of the MELD scale as a prioritization model. The most frequent indication were of hepatopathy of hepatocellular origin in 48.8%. There was a significant increase in the indications for hepatocarcinoma (8...
April 25, 2018: Cirugía Española
Guo-Dong Yao, Qian Sun, Xiao-Yu Song, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Shao-Jiang Song
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignant tumor with very poor prognosis. To search for more effective compounds for HCC treatment, two new pairs of flavan enantiomers, daphnegiranol C1 /C2 (1a/1b) and daphnegiranol D1 /D2 (2a/2b), were isolated from the stem bark and roots of Daphne giraldii by using chiral chromatography. MTT assay was applied to evaluate their cytotoxicity against three hepatocarcinoma cell lines (Hep3B, MHCC97H, HepG2) as well as a normal liver cell line L02. The results showed that these compounds preferred to inhibit the growth of Hep3B cells (p53 null)...
April 24, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Qianying Liu, Zhixin Lei, Qin Wu, Deyu Huang, Shuyu Xie, Xu Wang, Yuanhu Pan, Zonghui Yuan
Mequindox (MEQ), acting as an inhibitor of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) synthesis, is a synthetic heterocyclic N -oxides. To investigate the potential carcinogenicity of MEQ, four groups of Kun-Ming (KM) mice (50 mice/sex/group) were fed with diets containing MEQ (0, 25, 55, and 110 mg/kg) for one and a half years. The result showed adverse effects on body weights, feed consumption, hematology, serum chemistry, organ weights, relative organ weights, and incidence of tumors during most of the study period. Treatment-related changes in hematology, serum chemistry, relative weights and histopathological examinations revealed that the hematological system, liver, kidneys, and adrenal glands, as well as the developmental and reproductive system, were the main targets after MEQ administration...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Youbo Zhang, Tingting Yan, Dongxue Sun, Cen Xie, Yiran Zheng, Lei Zhang, Tomoki Yagai, Kristopher W Krausz, William H Bisson, Xiuwei Yang, Frank J Gonzalez
Rutaecarpine (RUT), evodiamine (EOD) and dehydroevodiamine (DHED), are the three main bioactive indoloquinazoline alkaloids isolated from Euodia ruticarpa, a widely prescribed traditional Chinese medicine. Here, the structure-activity relationships of these analogues for aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) activation were explored by use of Ahr-deficient (Ahr-/-) mice, primary hepatocyte cultures, luciferase reporter gene assays, in silico ligand docking studies and metabolomics. In vitro, both mRNA analysis of AHR target genes in mouse primary hepatocytes and luciferase reporter assays in hepatocarcinoma cell lines demonstrated that RUT, EOD and DHED significantly activated AHR, with an efficacy order of RUT > DHED > EOD...
April 24, 2018: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Abdullah A AlKahtane, Saud Alarifi, Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Daoud Ali, Suliman Y Alomar, Mohammed S Aleissia, Saad Alkahtani
Most of the agricultural workers are potentially exposed to pesticides through different routes. Inhalation exposures may result in numerous diseases that can adversely affect an individual's health and capacity to perform at work. The aim of this study was to determine the cytotoxic potential of cypermethrin pesticide on cultured human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cells. The HepG2 cells were exposed to cypermethrin (0, 5, 15, 40 ng/mL) for 24 and 48 hours. We observed that cypermethrin caused cell death of HepG2 cells using 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiozolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase tests...
April 2018: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
Liyang Dong, Xuebang Zhang, Wei Xiang, Junwei Ni, Weizhong Zhou, Haiyan Li
Increasing evidences suggested that radiotherapy can paradoxically promote tumor invasion and metastatic processes, while its detailed mechanism is not well illustrated. Our present study found that radiation can promote the migration and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells via induction of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), which was evidenced by the results that radiation induced up regulation of vimentin while down regulation of E-Cadherin. As to the EMT-related transcription factors, radiation increased the expression of Snail, while not Slug, ZEB1 or TWIST...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yimin Zhou, Ying-Kit Cheung, M A Chao, Shirui Zhao, Di Gao, Pui-Chi Lo, Wing-Ping Fong, Kam Sing Wong, Dennis K P Ng
Two advanced boron dipyrromethene (BODIPY) based photosensitizers have been synthesized and characterized. With a glibenclamide moiety, these compounds can localize in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of HeLa human cervical carcinoma cells and HepG2 human hepatocarcinoma cells. The BODIPY π skeleton is conjugated with two styryl or carbazolevinyl groups, which can substantially red-shift the Q-band absorption and fluorescence emission, and impart two-photon absorption (TPA) property to the chromophores. The TPA cross section of the carbazole-containing analogue reaches a value of 453 GM at 1010 nm...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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