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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239697/who-is-sleepier-on-the-night-shift-the-influence-of-bio-psycho-social-factors-on-subjective-sleepiness-of-female-nurses-during-the-night-shift
#1
Nataly Zion, Anat Drach-Zahavy, Tamar Shochat
Sleepiness is a common complaint during the night shift and may impair performance. The current study aimed to identify bio-psycho-social factors associated with subjective sleepiness during the night shift. Ninety-two female nurses working rotating shifts completed a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Munich ChronoType Questionaire for shift workers, the Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index and the Pre-sleep Arousal Scale. Subjective sleepiness was measured hourly during two night shifts using the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale, and activity monitors assessed sleep duration 24-hours before each shift...
December 14, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239294/demographics-interests-and-quality-of-life-of-canadian-neurosurgery-residents
#2
Christian Iorio-Morin, Syed Uzair Ahmed, Mark Bigder, Ayoub Dakson, Cameron Elliott, Daipayan Guha, Michelle Kameda-Smith, Pascal Lavergne, Serge Makarenko, Michael S Taccone, Michael K Tso, Bill Wang, Alexander Winkler-Schwartz, David Fortin
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical residents face a unique combination of challenges, including long duty hours, technically challenging cases, and uncertain employment prospects. We sought to assess the demographics, interests, career goals, self-rated happiness, and overall well-being of Canadian neurosurgery residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was developed and sent through the Canadian Neurosurgery Research Collaborative to every resident enrolled in a Canadian neurosurgery program as of April 1, 2016...
December 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239230/impact-of-a-scribe-program-on-patient-throughput-physician-productivity-and-patient-satisfaction-in-a-community-based-emergency-department
#3
Waqas Shuaib, John Hilmi, Joshua Caballero, Ijaz Rashid, Hashim Stanazai, Alan Ajanovic, Alex Moshtaghi, Ahmed Amari, Kerolos Tawfeek, Anjit Khurana, Hesham Hasabo, Abdulrehman Baqais, Ahmed A Mattar, Theodore J Gaeta
Previous literature on the impact of scribe programs varies and has mostly been reported from academic institutions or other clinics. We report the implementation of the scribe program in the emergency room of a community hospital and its impact on patient throughput, physician productivity, and patient satisfaction. We performed a quasi-experimental, before-and-after study measuring patient throughput metrics, physician productivity, and patient satisfaction. The intervention measuring the scribe implementation was divided into pre- and post-implementation periods...
March 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238027/viscous-flow-behaviour-of-karanja-oil-based-biolubricant-base-oil
#4
Umesh Chandra Sharma, Sadhana Sachan, Rakesh Kumar Trivedi
Karanja oil (KO) is widely used for synthesis of bio-fuel karanja oil methyl ester (KOME) due to its competitive price, good energy values and environmentally friendly combustion properties. Bio-lubricant is another value added product that can be synthesized from KO via chemical modification. In this work karanja oil trimethylolpropane ester (KOTMPE) bio-lubricant was synthesized and evaluated for its viscous flow behaviour. A comparison of viscous flow behaviours of natural KO and synthesized bio-fuel KOME and bio-lubricant KOTMPE was also made...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237999/the-relationships-among-hyperuricemia-body-mass-index-and-impaired-renal-function-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#5
Yongmei Li, Xing Fan, Chunjun Li, Xinyue Zhi, Liyuan Peng, Hongling Han, Bei Sun
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common chronic microvascular complication and the major cause of death in diabetic patients. This study was conceived to explore the possible mechanisms of how hyperuricemia and obesity contribute to renal function impairment in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. A cross-sectional study in 609 participants recruited from a T2DM population in North China was conducted. The multiplicative interaction between body mass index (BMI) and uric acid (UA) level was assessed using an interaction term in a logistic regression analysis...
December 13, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236078/an-artificial-neural-network-for-movement-pattern-analysis-to-estimate-blood-alcohol-content-level
#6
Pedram Gharani, Brian Suffoletto, Tammy Chung, Hassan A Karimi
Impairments in gait occur after alcohol consumption, and, if detected in real-time, could guide the delivery of "just-in-time" injury prevention interventions. We aimed to identify the salient features of gait that could be used for estimating blood alcohol content (BAC) level in a typical drinking environment. We recruited 10 young adults with a history of heavy drinking to test our research app. During four consecutive Fridays and Saturdays, every hour from 8 p.m. to 12 a.m., they were prompted to use the app to report alcohol consumption and complete a 5-step straight-line walking task, during which 3-axis acceleration and angular velocity data was sampled at a frequency of 100 Hz...
December 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236012/organic-matter-degradation-in-a-greywater-recycling-system-using-a-multistage-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-mbbr
#7
Assia Saidi, Khaoula Masmoudi, Erwin Nolde, Btissam El Amrani, Fouad Amraoui
Greywater is an important non-conventional water resource which can be treated and recycled in buildings. A decentralized greywater recycling system for 223 inhabitants started operating in 2006 in Berlin, Germany. High load greywater undergoes advanced treatment in a multistage moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) followed by sand filtration and UV disinfection. The treated water is used safely as service water for toilet flushing. Monitoring of the organic matter degradation was pursued to describe the degradation processes in each stage and optimize the system...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236011/hydraulic-retention-time-influence-on-azo-dye-and-sulfate-removal-during-the-sequential-anaerobic-aerobic-treatment-of-real-textile-wastewater
#8
F M Amaral, L Florêncio, M T Kato, P A Santa-Cruz, S Gavazza
In the present study, we evaluate the behavior of real textile wastewater treatment using a system composed of two sequential pilot-scale reactors (anaerobic followed by aerobic) during 622 days. The work focused on the competition between color and sulfate removal processes, when the hydraulic retention time (HRT) was increased in the anaerobic/aerobic reactors from 16/12 hours in phase I (PI) to 4/3 days in phase II (PII). The organic matter was successfully removed in both phases through the system, and the highest efficiency (75%) was achieved in PII...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235350/spatial-confinement-of-the-optical-sensitizer-to-realize-thin-film-organic-photodetector-with-high-detectivity-and-thermal-stability
#9
Min Su Jang, Seongwon Yoon, Kyu Min Sim, Jangwhan Cho, Dae Sung Chung
A thin film planar heterojunction organic photodetector (PHJ-OPD) is demonstrated. Different from a conventional sensitizer-doped photodetector, the limited spatial distribution of sensitizer in a PHJ-OPD enables significantly reduced thickness of the active layer without allowing the formation of unnecessary trap sites and electron percolation pathways. As a result, peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 120,700% and detectivity over 1013 Jones are demonstrated with thin active layer thickness of 150 nm, which can be a significant benefit for high resolution image sensor application...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234457/predictors-and-barriers-to-breastfeeding-in-north-of-jordan-could-we-do-better
#10
Wasim Khasawneh, Ayat Abdelrahman Khasawneh
Background: Despite the ongoing recommendations for breastfeeding, we continue to see a decrease in exclusive breastfeeding among Jordanian women during infant follow up visits at the pediatric outpatient clinic. The purpose of our study is to determine the prevalence, predictors and barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in north of Jordan. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey involving mothers with infants six to twelve months old, at two hospitals in Irbid city in north of Jordan, between December 2016 and March 2017...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233854/efficacy-of-educational-video-game-versus-traditional-educational-apps-at-improving-physician-decision-making-in-trauma-triage-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Deepika Mohan, Coreen Farris, Baruch Fischhoff, Matthew R Rosengart, Derek C Angus, Donald M Yealy, David J Wallace, Amber E Barnato
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a behavioral intervention delivered through a video game can improve the appropriateness of trauma triage decisions in the emergency department of non-trauma centers. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Online intervention in national sample of emergency medicine physicians who make triage decisions at US hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 368 emergency medicine physicians primarily working at non-trauma centers...
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233586/does-patients-experience-of-general-practice-affect-the-use-of-emergency-departments-evidence-from-australia
#12
Chun Yee Wong, Jane Hall
AS Emergency Department (ED) attendances have been growing rapidly, various strategies have been employed in Australia to improve access to General Practitioner (GP) care, particularly after normal working hours, in order to reduce the demand for ED. However, there has been little attention paid to the quality of GP care and whether that influences ED attendances. This paper investigates whether ED use is affected by patients' experience of GP care, using the logit model to analyse data from a survey of Australian consumers (1758 individuals)...
December 6, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233445/entrepreneurship-skills-development-through-project-based-activity-in-bachelor-of-pharmacy-program
#13
Aliasgar Shahiwala
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To provide pharmacy students with an opportunity to develop entrepreneurial thinking and skills. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY: A business proposal building project-based activity was integrated into a two-credit hour pharmacy management course during the eighth semester of the bachelor of pharmacy degree program. The student groups submitted their proposals, mimicking the process of submitting business proposals and obtaining approval in the real world...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233419/implementation-and-impact-of-a-chronic-kidney-disease-elective-for-second-year-pharmacy-students
#14
Christina H Sherrill
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pharmacists can make a great impact on the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which is a highly prevalent and costly disorder. This article describes the implementation and impact of a CKD elective course for second-year pharmacy students, which aimed to expose students to CKD and enhance their ability to care for these patients. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Topics associated with CKD were covered in a fifteen-week, three credit hour course...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233206/parental-work-characteristics-and-diet-quality-among-pre-school-children-in-dual-parent-households-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-in-taiwan
#15
Jennifer Chun-Li Wu
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between parental work characteristics and diet quality among pre-school children in dual-parent households. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parental work characteristics were measured by the types of combined parental work schedules and work hours. The main outcome variables included meal eating habits as well as 'health-conscious food' and 'unhealthy non-core food' dietary patterns derived by using principal component analysis...
December 13, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232978/primary-health-care-reform-dilemmatic-space-and-risk-of-burnout-among-health-workers
#16
Toby Freeman, Fran Baum, Ronald Labonté, Sara Javanparast, Angela Lawless
Health system changes may increase primary health care workers' dilemmatic space, created when reforms contravene professional values. Dilemmatic space may be a risk factor for burnout. This study partnered with six Australian primary health care services (in South Australia: four state government-managed services including one Aboriginal health team and one non-government organisation and in Northern Territory: one Aboriginal community-controlled service) during a period of change and examined workers' dilemmatic space and incidence of burnout...
February 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232878/determinants-of-hospital-pharmacists-job-satisfaction-in-romanian-hospitals
#17
Magdalena Iorga, Corina Dondaș, Camelia Soponaru, Ioan Antofie
Aim: The purpose of this study is to identify the level of job satisfaction among hospital pharmacists in Romania in relation to environmental, socio-demographic, and individual factors. Material and Methods: Seventy-eight hospital pharmacists were included in the research. The Job Satisfaction Scale was used to measure the level of satisfaction with their current jobs, and the TAS-20 was used to evaluate emotional experience and awareness. Additionally, 12 items were formulated in order to identify the reasons for dissatisfaction with jobs, such as budget, number of working hours, legislation, relationships with colleagues, hospital departments, or stakeholders...
December 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232674/speech-and-language-pathologists-voice-use-in-working-environments-a-field-study-using-ambulatory-phonation-monitoring
#18
Francesco Mozzanica, Alessandro Selvaggio, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the speech and language pathologists' (SLPs) voice production during a typical working day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 SLPs, all females, were enrolled. According to the type of treated disease, the cohort of SLPs was divided into 4 groups (7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphagic adult clients; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of deaf children; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphonic adult clients; and 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of aphasic adult clients)...
December 12, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232303/totally-endoscopic-cardiac-surgery-for-atrial-septal-defect-repair-on-beating-heart-without-robotic-assistance-in-25-patients
#19
Quang-Huy Dang, Ngoc-Thanh Le, Cong-Huu Nguyen, Dac-Dai Tran, Do-Hung Nguyen, Trung-Hieu Nguyen, Thi-Hai-Linh Ngo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectivity and safety of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery without robotic assistance for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure on beating hearts. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (adults/children: 15/10) underwent ASD closure using nonrobotically assisted totally endoscopic approach on beating heart. Three 5-mm trocars and one 12-mm trocar were used, only the superior vena cava is snared, filling the pleural and pericardial cavities with CO2, and the heart was beating during the surgery...
December 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232301/robotic-mitral-valve-repair-the-learning-curve
#20
Avi Goodman, Marijan Koprivanac, Marta Kelava, Stephanie L Mick, A Marc Gillinov, Jeevanantham Rajeswaran, Anna Brzezinski, Eugene H Blackstone, Tomislav Mihaljevic
OBJECTIVE: Adoption of robotic mitral valve surgery has been slow, likely in part because of its perceived technical complexity and a poorly understood learning curve. We sought to correlate changes in technical performance and outcome with surgeon experience in the "learning curve" part of our series. METHODS: From 2006 to 2011, two surgeons undertook robotically assisted mitral valve repair in 458 patients (intent-to-treat); 404 procedures were completed entirely robotically (as-treated)...
December 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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