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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530773/efficiency-of-instant-messaging-applications-in-coordination-of-emergency-calls-for-combat-injuries-a-pilot-study
#1
Sami Eksert, Mehmet Burak Aşık, Sinan Akay, Kenan Keklikçi, Fevzi Nuri Aydın, Mehmet Çoban, Ali Kantemir, Onur Güngör, Beyazıt Garip, Mustafa Suphi Turgut, Kenan Olcay
BACKGROUND: Coordination of an emergency response team is an important determinant of prompt treatment for combat injuries in hospitals. The authors hypothesized that instant messaging applications for smartphones could be appropriate tools for notifying emergency response team members. The objective of this study was to investigate the efficiency of a commercial instant messaging application (WhatsApp, Mountain View, CA) as a communication tool for the emergency team in a level-I trauma center...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530772/characteristics-of-the-injuries-of-syrian-refugees-sustained-during-the-civil-war
#2
Betül Kocamer Şimşek, Mehmet Dokur, Erdal Uysal, Necdet Çalıker, Oruç Numan Gökçe, İbrahim Kürşat Deniz, Murat Uğur, Murat Geyik, Mehmet Kaya, Güner Dağlı
BACKGROUND: During a war, many civilians are severely injured by firearms, bombs, and shrapnel. The triage of war injuries involves difficult and complicated processes requiring surgical procedures and patient monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of hospitals. In this study, we examine the demographic, traumatic, and critical care characteristics of cases injured during the civil war in Syria and requiring emergency surgery. METHODS: Electronic data of the traumatic, surgical, and ICU monitoring features of 707 patients admitted to Kilis Public Hospital between March 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively RESULTS: Most of the patients reported having been injured due to firearms (83...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529910/generalizable-items-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-cornerstones-for-personnel-requirement-of-physicians-in-anesthesia
#3
REVIEW
Manfred Weiss, Rolf Rossaint, Thomas Iber
Anesthesiologists perform a broad spectrum of tasks. However, in many countries, there is no legal basis for personnel staffing of physicians in anesthesia. Also, the German diagnosis related groups system for refunding does not deliver such a basis. Thus, in 2006 a new calculation base for the personnel requirement that included an Excel calculation sheet was introduced by the German Board of Anesthesiologists (BDA) and the German Society of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI), and updated in 2009 and 2015...
May 4, 2017: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529194/a-national-cross-sectional-study-of-surgery-residents-who-underreport-duty-hours
#4
Christopher L Bennett, David A McDonald, Yuchiao Chang, Alex Finch, Kimmy Vuong, Stuart Rennie, Eric S Nadel
OBJECTIVE: Previous work demonstrates that many surgery residents underreport duty hours. The purpose of this study was to identify characteristics of these residents and better understand why they exceed duty hours. DESIGN: During the winter of 2015 we conducted an anonymous cross-sectional survey of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education accredited general surgery programs. SETTING: A total of 101 general surgery residency programs across the United States...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528530/evaluation-of-ratite-skinning-force-in-order-to-fix-plant-and-mechanical-solutions
#5
Biagio Bianchi
The skin is the most requested product of ratite slaughter and 'first-rate' ratite's skin has a high economic market. Ostrich hide is tanned in South Africa and sold all over the world. Besides, the ostrich meat is considered a niche production in the marketplace, thus allowing for another pro t for the ostrich breeding. Theorical analysis of skinning process has been carried out, and an automatic measurement system has been designed to record the drawing-force on the animal's body during skinning tests. The aim of this study was to indentify the best animal position and provide values of drawing-force in order to design a speci c machine for ostrich skinning...
May 12, 2017: Veterinaria Italiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526754/oxygenation-and-adenosine-deaminase-support-growth-and-proliferation-of-ex-vivo-cultured-drosophila-wing-imaginal-discs
#6
Katrin Strassburger, Franziska K Lorbeer, Marilena Lutz, Fabian Graf, Michael Boutros, Aurelio A Teleman
The Drosophila wing imaginal disc has been an important model system over the past decades for discovering novel biology related to development, signaling, and epithelial morphogenesis. Novel experimental approaches would be enabled by a culturing setup allowing ex vivo cultures of wing discs. Current setups, however, are not able to sustain both growth and cell-cycle progression of wing discs ex vivo. We discover here a setup requiring both oxygenation of the tissue and adenosine deaminase activity in the medium, which supports both growth and proliferation of wing discs for 9 hours...
May 19, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526618/24-hour-urine-metabolic-differences-between-solitary-and-multiple-stone-formers-results-of-the-collaboration-on-urolithiasis-in-pediatrics-cup-working-group
#7
Theodore R Saitz, Solange Mongoue-Tchokote, Cynthia Sharadin, Dana W Giel, Sean Corbett, Larisa Kovacevic, Aaron P Bayne
INTRODUCTION: Specific factors associated with the risk of developing pediatric urinary stone disease remain unclear, especially those that may be associated with recurrent stone disease. OBJECTIVE: We compared the results of 24-h urine collections in children with a solitary stone episode to those with multiple stone episodes to determine if there is a difference that may be associated with multiple stone formation in children. STUDY DESIGN: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis was completed to assess 24-h urinary metabolic profiles in children with urolithiasis aged 2-18 years old...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526463/-the-practice-of-postanesthesia-visits-a-questionnaire-study
#8
Tobias Fink, Hauke Rensing, Thomas Volk, Ragnar Huhn, Alexander M Mathes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Regular postanesthesia visits allow the detection of anesthesia related complications and increase patient satisfaction. Consequently, the performance of postanesthesia visits has been recommended after certain types of anesthesia. However, no data is available concerning the current practice of postanesthesia visits. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate quantity, organization, contents, significance and problems of postanesthesia visits in Germany...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525991/correcting-for-day-of-the-week-and-public-holiday-effects-improving-a-national-daily-syndromic-surveillance-service-for-detecting-public-health-threats
#9
Elizabeth Buckingham-Jeffery, Roger Morbey, Thomas House, Alex J Elliot, Sally Harcourt, Gillian E Smith
BACKGROUND: As service provision and patient behaviour varies by day, healthcare data used for public health surveillance can exhibit large day of the week effects. These regular effects are further complicated by the impact of public holidays. Real-time syndromic surveillance requires the daily analysis of a range of healthcare data sources, including family doctor consultations (called general practitioners, or GPs, in the UK). Failure to adjust for such reporting biases during analysis of syndromic GP surveillance data could lead to misinterpretations including false alarms or delays in the detection of outbreaks...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522667/baseline-survey-of-the-neuroradiology-work-environment-in-the-united-states-with-reported-trends-in-clinical-work-nonclinical-work-perceptions-of-trainees-and-burnout-metrics
#10
J Y Chen, F J Lexa
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neuroradiologists have faced continuously increasing clinical workloads. Our aim was to establish and report a baseline survey of the current neuroradiology work environment in the United States and of experiential changes in recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A voluntary survey was sent to practicing and out-of-training members of the American Society of Neuroradiology in the United States. Selected measures included workday volume and length, burnout symptoms, participation in academic and practice-building duties; effects on perceived interpretation quality, communication of abnormal results, and consideration of early retirement or career changes, among others...
May 18, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518102/nmr-spectroscopy-as-a-robust-tool-for-the-rapid-evaluation-of-the-lipid-profile-of-fish-oil-supplements
#11
Kathryn Williamson, Emmanuel Hatzakis
The western diet is poor in n-3 fatty acids, therefore the consumption of fish oil supplements is recommended to increase the intake of these essential nutrients. The objective of this work is to demonstrate the qualitative and quantitative analysis of encapsulated fish oil supplements using high-resolution (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy utilizing two different NMR instruments; a 500 MHz and an 850 MHz instrument. Both proton ((1)H) and carbon ((13)C) NMR spectra can be used for the quantitative determination of the major constituents of fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515839/hypotensive-responses-of-reciprocal-supersets-versus-traditional-resistance-training-in-apparently-healthy-men
#12
Claudio M Bentes, Pablo B Costa, Victor G Corrêa Neto, Roberto Simão, Gabriel A Paz, Marianna F Maia, Tiago Figueiredo, Gabriel R Neto, Jefferson S Novaes, Humberto Miranda
The purpose of this study was to compare the hypotensive responses of reciprocal supersets (SS) versus traditional training (TRAD) methods. Thirteen men with at least five years of recreational experience in resistance training (RT) volunteered for the study. When completing the TRAD protocol, participants performed the following exercises separately in sequence: chest press (CP), low row (LR), leg extension (LE), leg curl (LC), pull down (PD), and shoulder press (SP). The SS method required participants to complete the same exercises as in the TRAD protocol, but exercises were coupled such that muscles sequentially served both as an agonist for lift one and then antagonist for lift two and vice versa...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515508/evaluating-sterility-of-single-dose-vials-on-an-automated-compounding-device
#13
Hannah M Hutchinson, Brian E Sayre, Terrence Prettyman, Erica King
Background: Current guidelines for sterile compounding require that single dose vials of pharmaceuticals must be discarded after 6 hours when accessed in an ISO Class 5 environment. At this time, no studies have evaluated the sterility of single dose vials at any time after opening. Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the sterility of single dose vials attached to an automated compounding device for up to 24 hours and accessed and maintained within a cleanroom environment. Methods: This is a prospective, observational study evaluating the sterility of 32 pooled samples of manufactured single dose injectable drugs attached to an automated compounding device for up to 24 hours and maintained within an ISO Class 5 environment in an ISO Class 7 buffer area...
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514534/anticipatory-vigilance-a-grounded-theory-study-of-minimising-risk-within-the-perioperative-setting
#14
Brid O' Brien, Tom Andrews, Eileen Savage
AIM: To explore and explain how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting. BACKGROUND: Perioperative nurses care for patients who are having surgery or other invasive explorative procedures. Perioperative care is increasingly focused on how to improve patient safety. Safety and risk management is a global priority for health services in reducing risk. Many studies have explored safety within the health care settings. However little is known about how nurses minimise risk in the perioperative setting...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514138/manipulating-ion-migration-for-highly-stable-light-emitting-diodes-with-single-crystalline-organometal-halide-perovskite-microplatelets
#15
Mingming Chen, Xin Shan, Thomas Geske, Junqiang Li, Zhibin Yu
Ion migration has been commonly observed as a detrimental phenomenon in organometal halide perovskite semiconductors, causing the measurement hysteresis in solar cells and ultrashort operation lifetimes in light-emitting diodes. In this work, ion migration is utilized for the formation of a p-i-n junction at ambient temperature in single-crystalline organometal halide perovskites. The junction is subsequently stabilized by quenching the ionic movement at a low temperature. Such a strategy of manipulating the ion migration has led to efficient single-crystalline light-emitting diodes that emit 2...
May 22, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513855/technical-note-system-for-evaluating-local-hypothermia-as-a-radioprotector-of-the-rectum-in-a-small-animal-model
#16
Brian A Hrycushko, Chenchen Bing, Cecil Futch, Michelle Wodzak, Strahinja Stojadinovic, Paul M Medin, Rajiv Chopra
PURPOSE: The protective effects of induced or even accidental hypothermia on the human body are widespread with several medical uses currently under active research. In vitro experiments using human cell lines have shown hypothermia provides a radioprotective effect that becomes more pronounced at large, single-fraction doses common to stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatments. This work describes the development of a system to evaluate local hypothermia for a radioprotive effect of the rat rectum during a large dose of radiation relevant to prostate SBRT...
May 17, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513634/mitochondria-targeted-platinum-ii-complexes-dual-inhibitory-activities-on-tumor-cell-proliferation-and-migration-invasion-via-intracellular-trafficking-of-%C3%AE-catenin
#17
Jingling Li, Xiaoli He, Yeling Zou, Dandan Chen, Liecheng Yang, Jiaming Rao, Huabing Chen, Michael C W Chan, Lin Li, Zhengqing Guo, Leshuai W Zhang, Chunying Chen
Mitochondria-targeted therapy is an alternative strategy for cancer therapy and may overcome the problems of metastasis and drug resistance that usually occur in conventional treatment. In this work, we demonstrate the mitochondria-targeted delivery of a cationic cyclometalated platinum(ii) complex, PIP-platin, in cancer cells. PIP-platin showed selective delivery and accumulation in the mitochondria and exhibited toxicity against a variety of tumor cell lines. The mitochondria were disrupted by PIP-platin, along with the generation of reactive oxygen species, depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential, release of cytochrome c and necrosis...
May 17, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513280/application-of-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-arfi-elastography-in-imaging-of-delayed-onset-muscle-soreness-doms-a-comparative-analysis-with-3t-mri
#18
Thilo Hotfiel, Marion Kellermann, Bernd Swoboda, Dane Wildner, Tobias Golditz, Casper Grim, Martin Raithel, Michael Uder, Rafael Heiss
CONTEXT: DOMS is one of the most common reasons for impaired muscle performance in sports and is associated with reduced muscle strength and frequently observed both in professional and recreational athletes. OBJECTIVE: To emphasize the diagnostic value of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse (ARFI) in imaging of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness by comparing findings to high-resolution 3T MRI T2 weighted sequences. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Laboratory environment...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513245/sit-stand-desks-to-reduce-workplace-sitting-time-in-office-workers-with-abdominal-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Brittany T MacEwen, Travis J Saunders, Dany J MacDonald, Jamie F Burr
BACKGROUND: Sit-stand desks reduce workplace sitting time among healthy office workers; however, their metabolic and behavioural impact in higher risk populations remains unknown. METHODS: Twenty-five office workers with abdominal obesity were randomized to an intervention (sit-stand workstation) or control group (seated desk) for 12 weeks. Physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed before and after the intervention period in both groups...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512589/a-case-of-early-disseminated-neurological-lyme-disease-followed-by-atypical-cutaneous-manifestations
#20
Vamsi Kantamaneni, Vikas Sunder, Mohammad Bilal, Scott Vargo
Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne illness caused by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. An 80-year-old female from Pennsylvania, USA, presented to an outside hospital with fever, confusion, lower extremity weakness, and stool incontinence. CT head and MRI spine were unremarkable. An infectious work-up including lumbar puncture was negative. She was transferred to our tertiary care hospital. Patient was noted to have mild unilateral right-sided facial droop and a diffuse macular rash throughout the body. She denied any outdoor activities, tick bites, or previous rash...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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