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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667643/risk-factors-associated-with-needlestick-injuries-among-health-care-workers-in-menoufia-governorate-egypt
#1
Hala Marawan Gabr, Aziza Saad El-Badry, Faten Ezzelarab Younis
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are at high risk of job-related blood-borne diseases due to needlestick injuries (NSIs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors associated with NSIs among health care workers in Menoufia governorate, Egypt. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2260 health care workers of 4 randomly chosen hospitals in Menoufia governorate. Using a predesigned data collection sheet, all staff members were asked about the occurrence of NSIs in the previous 3 months...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667372/long-working-hours-and-skipping-breakfast-concomitant-with-late-evening-meals-are-associated-with-suboptimal-glycemic-control-among-young-male-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Yasushi Azami, Mitsuhiko Funakoshi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Akemi Ikota, Koichi Ito, Hisashi Okimoto, Nobuaki Shimizu, Fumihiro Tsujimura, Hiroshi Fukuda, Chozi Miyagi, Sayaka Osawa, Ryo Osawa, Jiro Miura
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To assess the associations or working conditions, eating habits, and glycemic control among young Japanese workers with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This hospital- and clinic-based prospective study included 352 male and 126 female working patients with diabetes aged 20-40 years. Data were obtained from June to July 2012 and June to July 2013. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for suboptimal glycemic control (HbAlc level of ≥7%) obtained from June to July 2013...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665586/-working-conditions-and-mental-health-among-salaried-physicians-a-nationwide-comparison-with-a-representative-sample-of-employees
#3
Uwe Rose, Grit Müller, Gabriele Freude, Norbert Kersten
AIM: Do the amount of workload, strain and the association between both differ between employed physician and other employees subject to social security contributions? This is investigated in this present study by comparing two representative samples. METHODS: Psycho-social working conditions were by assessed computer-assisted personal interviews and supplemented by questions about burnout and depressive symptoms. The associations were investigated by linear regression analysis including moderating effects due to differences between occupations...
April 17, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664893/occupational-exposure-during-emergency-department-thoracotomy-a-prospective-multi-institution-study
#4
Andrew Nunn, Priya Prakash, Kenji Inaba, Alvarez Escalante, Zoë Maher, Seiji Yamaguchi, Dennis Y Kim, James Maciel, William C Chiu, Byron Drumheller, Joshua P Hazelton, Kaushik Mukherjee, Xian Luo-Owen, Rachel M Nygaard, Ashley P Marek, Bryan C Morse, Caitlin A Fitzgerald, Patrick L Bosarge, Randeep S Jawa, Susan E Rowell, Louis J Magnotti, Adrian W Ong, Tejal S Brahmbhatt, Michael D Grossman, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure is an important consideration during emergency department thoracotomy (EDT). While HIV/hepatitis prevalence in trauma patients (0-16.8%) and occupational exposure rates during operative trauma procedures (1.9-18.0%) have been reported, exposure risk during EDT is unknown. We hypothesized that occupational exposure risk during EDT would be greater than other operative trauma procedures. METHODS: A prospective, observational study at 16 US trauma centers was performed (2015-2016)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664679/corrigendum
#5
(no author information available yet)
Caffaro, F., Roccato, M., Micheletti Cremasco, M., & Cavallo, E. (2018). Falls from agricultural machinery: Risk factors related to work experience, worked hours, and operators' behavior. Human Factors, 60(1), 20-30. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0018720817738591).
April 1, 2018: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663869/the-effect-of-self-assessed-fatigue-and-subjective-cognitive-impairment-on-work-capacity-the-case-of-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Gisela Kobelt, Dawn Langdon, Linus Jönsson
OBJECTIVES: The impact of physical disability in multiple sclerosis on employment is well documented but the effect of neurological symptoms has been less well studied. We investigated the independent effect of self-reported fatigue and cognitive difficulties on work. METHODS: In a large European cost of illness survey, self-reported fatigue, subjective cognitive impairment (SCI), and productivity at work were assessed with visual analogue scales (VAS 0-10). The analysis controlled for country, age, age at diagnosis, gender, education, and physical disability...
April 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663599/greater-caregiving-risk-better-infant-memory-performance
#7
Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Jeffry Quan, Jenny Richmond, Shaun Kok Yew Goh, Lit Wee Sim, Yap Seng Chong, Jean Francois-Bureau, Helen Chen, Anqi Qiu
Poor early life care often relates to cognitive difficulties. However, newer work suggests that in early-life, adversity may associate with enhanced or accelerated neurodevelopment. We examine associations between postnatal caregiving risks (i.e., higher self-reported postnatal-anxiety and lower observed maternal sensitivity) and infant relational memory (i.e. via deferred imitation and relational binding). Using subsamples of 67-181 infants (aged 433-477 post-conceptual days, or roughly five to seven months since birth) taking part in the GUSTO study, we found such postnatal caregiving risk significantly predictive of "better" performance on a relational binding task following a brief delay, after Bonferroni adjustments...
April 16, 2018: Hippocampus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661630/rapid-diagnostics-for-bloodstream-infections-a-primer-for-infection-preventionists
#8
Charles E Edmiston, Robert Garcia, Marsha Barnden, Barbara DeBaun, Helen Boehm Johnson
Accurate and rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing with pathogen identification in bloodstream infections is critical to life results for early sepsis intervention. Advancements in rapid diagnostics have shortened the time to results from days to hours and have had positive effects on clinical outcomes and on efforts to combat antimicrobial resistance when paired with robust antimicrobial stewardship programs. This article provides infection preventionists with a working knowledge of available rapid diagnostics for bloodstream infections...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661355/the-structure-of-medical-intensive-care-units-at-training-institutions
#9
Marc Heincelman, Ashley Duckett, Brad Keith, Andrew Schreiner, Jingwen Zhang, Edward Kilb, Benjamin Clyburn
BACKGROUND: As a result of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) work hour guideline implementation, the structure of intensive care unit (ICU) teams at training institutions has been affected. The impact these changes have had on the current work environment has not been well described. METHODS: The authors conducted an online survey of internal medicine program directors in 2016. The survey investigated how training institutions structure their intensive care units in reference to volume, resident housestaff and alternative coverage options, with a focus on changes made after the implementation of the 2011 ACGME duty hour restrictions...
April 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661136/effects-of-a-community-health-promotion-program-on-social-factors-in-a-vulnerable-older-adult-population-residing-in-social-housing
#10
Gina Agarwal, Madison Brydges
BACKGROUND: Supporting older adults' health and wellbeing in the community is an important policy goal that can be supported by health promotion. Despite widespread acceptance of the biopsychosocial model of health and its relation to health, many health promotion programs fail to realize this model in program design. Further, there is limited evidence to support program design targeting social determinants of health such as social isolation or connectedness. To fill this gap, we aimed to understand older adult's experiences participating in cardiovascular health promotion program in a subsidized residential building to capture unintended 'spin-off' psychosocial effects...
April 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659826/association-between-ambient-air-pollution-and-pregnancy-rate-in-women-who-underwent-ivf
#11
S A Choe, Y B Jun, W S Lee, T K Yoon, S Y Kim
STUDY QUESTION: Are the concentrations of five criteria air pollutants associated with probabilities of biochemical pregnancy loss and intrauterine pregnancy in women? SUMMARY ANSWER: Increased concentrations of ambient particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), carbon monoxide (CO) during controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) and after embryo transfer were associated with a decreased probability of intrauterine pregnancy. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Exposure to high ambient air pollution was suggested to be associated with low fertility and high early pregnancy loss in women...
April 5, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657874/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-fibromyalgia-participation-questionnaire
#12
Lale Altan, Reyhan Çeliker, İlker Ercan, Murat Birtane, Kenan Akgün, Coşkun Zateri, Nurettin Taştekin, Aylin Rezvani, İlknur Aktaş, Şenay Özdolap, Erbil Dursun, Nigar Dursun, Selda Sarıkaya
Objective: The objective of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Participation Questionnaire (FPQ). Methods: One hundred and eighty-four female patients with fibromyalgia syndrome were included in the study. All patients filled out the Turkish FPQ (FPQ-T) questionnaire, which was obtained by translation from German according to the guideline for the process of cross-cultural adaptation The patients filled out the revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) and reevaluated the FPQ-T two hours later...
March 2018: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650593/human-neural-stem-cell-extracellular-vesicles-improve-recovery-in-a-porcine-model-of-ischemic-stroke
#13
Robin L Webb, Erin E Kaiser, Brian J Jurgielewicz, Samantha Spellicy, Shelley L Scoville, Tyler A Thompson, Raymond L Swetenburg, David C Hess, Franklin D West, Steven L Stice
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Recent work from our group suggests that human neural stem cell-derived extracellular vesicle (NSC EV) treatment improves both tissue and sensorimotor function in a preclinical thromboembolic mouse model of stroke. In this study, NSC EVs were evaluated in a pig ischemic stroke model, where clinically relevant end points were used to assess recovery in a more translational large animal model. METHODS: Ischemic stroke was induced by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and either NSC EV or PBS treatment was administered intravenously at 2, 14, and 24 hours post-MCAO...
April 12, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649279/spatial-and-temporal-behavioural-responses-of-wild-cattle-to-tropical-forest-degradation
#14
Penny C Gardner, Benoît Goossens, Jocelyn Goon Ee Wern, Petra Kretzschmar, Torsten Bohm, Ian P Vaughan
Identifying the consequences of tropical forest degradation is essential to mitigate its effects upon forest fauna. Large forest-dwelling mammals are often highly sensitive to environmental perturbation through processes such as fragmentation, simplification of habitat structure, and abiotic changes including increased temperatures where the canopy is cleared. Whilst previous work has focused upon species richness and rarity in logged forest, few look at spatial and temporal behavioural responses to forest degradation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649243/recent-trends-in-population-levels-and-correlates-of-occupational-and-leisure-sitting-time-in-full-time-employed-australian-adults
#15
Anne Loyen, Tien Chey, Lina Engelen, Adrian Bauman, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg, Johannes Brug, Josephine Y Chau
This study aimed to explore the trend in population levels, as well as the correlates, of occupational and leisure sitting time in full-time employed Australian adults between 2007 and 2015. We used data from the 2007/08, 2011/12 and 2014/15 Australian Health Surveys, in which nationally representative samples of the Australian population were interviewed. Full-time (≥35 hours/week) employed respondents reported sitting time at work and during leisure on a usual workday. Trends over time and associations between socio-demographic and health-related characteristics and sitting time were analysed in the combined dataset using multivariable logistic regression models...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648974/traumatic-brain-injury-induced-acute-lung-injury-evidence-for-activation-and-inhibition-of-a-neural-respiratory-inflammasome-axis
#16
Nadine Kerr, Juan Pablo De Rivero Vaccari, Sam Abbassi, Harmanpreet Kaur, Ronald Zambrano, Shu Wu, W Dalton Dietrich, Robert W Keane
Approximately 20-25 percent of Traumatic Brain Injury subjects develop Acute Lung Injury (ALI), but the pathomechanisms of TBI-induced ALI remain poorly defined. Our previous work has shown that the inflammasome plays a critical role in TBI-induced secondary pathophysiology and that inflammasome proteins are released in Extracellular Vesicles (EV) after TBI. Here we investigated whether EV-mediated inflammasome signaling contributed to the etiology of TBI-induced ALI. C57/BL6 male mice were subjected to controlled cortical impact, and the brains and lungs were examined for inflammasome activation and ALI at 4 hours and 24 hours after TBI...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648956/chronic-health-risks-in-commercial-fishermen-a-cross-sectional-analysis-from-a-small-rural-fishing-village-in-alaska
#17
Carly Eckert, Torie Baker, Debra Cherry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate chronic health risks before and during the fishing season in a sample of commercial fishermen, addressing the NIOSH priority of Total Worker HealthTM . METHODS: Gillnet license holders in Cordova, Alaska (n = 607) were contacted to participate in a preseason survey (March 2015) assessing health behaviors. A mid-season survey (July 2015) was also conducted. Physical exams and additional assessments were performed on a subset of these fishermen...
2018: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648922/reducing-wait-time-between-admission-and-chemotherapy-initiation
#18
Arjun Gupta, Jenny Li, Bernard Tawfik, Thao Pham, Sudarshan Pathak, Prabhjyot Singh, Esmaeil Porsa, Navid Sadeghi, Hsiao C Li
PURPOSE: Reducing the length of stay is a high-priority objective for all health care institutions. Delays in chemotherapy initiation for planned preadmissions lead to patient dissatisfaction and prolonged length of stay. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multidisciplinary team was formed as part of the ASCO Quality Training Program. We aimed to reduce the time to initiation of chemotherapy from patient arrival at Parkland Hospital from a median of 6.2 hours at baseline to 4 hours over a 6-month period (35% reduction)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648677/excess-productivity-costs-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-systemic-sclerosis-and-sjogren-s-syndrome-a-general-population-based-study
#19
Natalie McCormick, Carlo A Marra, Mohsen Sadatsafavi, Jacek A Kopec, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
OBJECTIVE: Determine excess productivity losses and costs of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), systemic sclerosis (SSc), and Sjogren's syndrome (SjS) at the population level. METHODS: Administrative databases from the province of British Columbia, Canada, were used to establish population-based cohorts of SLE, SSc, and SjS, and matched comparison cohorts selected from the general population. Random samples from these cohorts were surveyed about time absent from paid and unpaid work, and working at reduced levels/efficiency (presenteeism), using validated labour questionnaires...
April 12, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644932/the-starr-county-border-health-initiative-focus-groups-on-diabetes-prevention-in-mexican-americans
#20
Sharon A Brown, William B Perkison, Alexandra A García, Heather E Cuevas, Mary M Velasquez, Mary A Winter, Craig L Hanis
Purpose The purpose of the study was to conduct focus groups with Mexican Americans in an impoverished rural community on the Texas-Mexico border to identify current barriers to adopting healthier lifestyles and to obtain recommendations for diabetes prevention. Methods Three separate 2-hour focus groups were led by an experienced bilingual Mexican American moderator. Interviews included questions about cultural factors and barriers that influence lifestyle behaviors, aspects of previous diabetes self-management interventions that were helpful for motivating behavioral change, and recommendations for diabetes prevention...
April 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
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