keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgical education

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222404/glycemic-control-in-patients-with-insulinoma
#1
REVIEW
Agata Matej, Hanna Bujwid, Jakub Wroński
Insulinoma is the most common neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas. Surgical management of insulinomas is considered to be the only curative method. However, effective glycemic control preoperatively and in unresectable insulinomas remains a significant issue. Hyperinsulinism, occurring as a result of the hormone-secreting tumor, leads to life-threatening hypoglycemia episodes which require urgent medical treatment. This article discusses current management of hypoglycemia in insulinoma patients, including: education and lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy (diazoxide, somatostatin analogs, mTOR inhibitor - everolimus), cytoreductive methods and continuous glucose monitoring systems...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222084/african-american-women-s-recollected-experiences-of-adherence-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#2
Sue P Heiney, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Tisha M Felder, Kenneth W Phelps, Jada C Quinn
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore African American women's recollected experiences of breast cancer treatment.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative description and narrative analysis.
. SETTING: South Carolina Oncology Associates, an outpatient oncology clinic serving rural and urban populations.
. PARTICIPANTS: 16 African American women with breast cancer previously enrolled in the control arm (n = 93) of a completed randomized, controlled trial...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220821/satisfaction-with-upper-limb-reconstructive-surgery-in-individuals-with-tetraplegia-the-development-and-reliability-of-a-swedish-self-reported-satisfaction-questionnaire
#3
L Bunketorp-Käll, J Wangdell, C Reinholdt, J Fridén
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey. OBJECTIVES: To assess satisfaction after upper limb reconstructive surgery in individuals with tetraplegia and to determine the reliability of a Swedish satisfaction questionnaire. SETTING: A center for advanced reconstruction of extremities, Gothenburg, Sweden. METHODS: Seventy-eight individuals with tetraplegia were invited to participate in the survey assessing satisfaction with the result of surgery across various domains...
February 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220369/severe-head-injury-in-very-old-patients-to-treat-or-not-to-treat-results-of-an-online-questionnaire-for-neurosurgeons
#4
Claudia Unterhofer, Sebastian Hartmann, Christian F Freyschlag, Claudius Thomé, Martin Ortler
Due to the aging population, neurosurgeons are confronted with an increasing number of very old patients suffering from traumatic brain injury. Many of these patients present with an acute subdural hematoma. There is a lack of data on neurosurgical decision-making in elderly people. We investigated the importance of imaging criteria, patients' wishes, their surrogates' wishes, and patient demographics on treatment decisions chosen by neurosurgeons. An online questionnaire was sent to all German neurosurgical units via the German Society of Neurosurgery (DGNC)...
February 20, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219677/nsqip-based-quality-improvement-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#5
Mary M Mrdutt, Claire L Isbell, Justin L Regner, Bonnie R Hodges, Yolanda Munoz Maldonado, J Scott Thomas, Harry T Papaconstantinou
BACKGROUND: General surgery training has historically lacked a standardized approach to resident Quality Improvement (QI) education aside from traditional Morbidity and Mortality conference. In 2013, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) formalized QI as a component of residency training. Our residency chose the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) Quality In-Training Initiative (QITI) as the foundation for our QI training. We hypothesized that a focused curriculum based on outcomes would produce change in culture and improve quality of patient care...
February 17, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218773/risk-factors-for-birth-defects
#6
Benjamin S Harris, Katherine C Bishop, Hanna R Kemeny, Jennifer S Walker, Eleanor Rhee, Jeffrey A Kuller
Importance: Major congenital abnormalities, or birth defects, carry significant medical, surgical, cosmetic, or lifestyle consequences. Such abnormalities may be syndromic, involving multiple organ systems, or can be isolated. Overall, 2% to 4% of live births involve congenital abnormalities. Risk factors for birth defects are categorized as modifiable and nonmodifiable. Modifiable risk factors require thorough patient education/counseling. The strongest risk factors, such as age, family history, and a previously affected child, are usually nonmodifiable...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216118/systematic-review-of-patient-education-practices-in-weight-loss-surgery
#7
Karen D Groller
BACKGROUND: Education plays a key role in adherence to lifestyle modifications after weight loss surgery (WLS). Education given before and after surgery may decrease weight recidivism rates and improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze educational practices in bariatric centers. METHODS: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health and PubMed databases were searched in May 2016 for English-language, peer-reviewed studies about WLS patient education practices from 1999 to 2016...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215839/unraveling-the-etiology-of-ovarian-cancer-racial-disparity-in-the-deep-south-is-it-nature-or-nurture
#8
Jerlinda Ross, Katelyn V Braswell, Luciana Madeira da Silva, Frances Mujica, Sam Stutsman, Michael A Finan, William Nicolson, Mary Danner Harmon, Megan Missanelli, Alex Cohen, Ajay Singh, Jennifer M Scalici, Rodney P Rocconi
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to evaluate racial treatment and survival disparities in black women with ovarian cancer in the Deep South and to determine how environmental factors / socioeconomic status (SES) influence survival. METHODS: A retrospective study of ovarian cancer patients from 2007 to 2014 was performed. Socioeconomic status (SES) was obtained though U.S. Census block data and compared using Yost scores. Comparisons were performed using standard statistical approaches...
February 16, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215834/time-to-resolution-a-prospective-evaluation-from-the-society-for-fetal-urology-hydronephrosis-registry
#9
R S Zee, C D Anthony Herndon, C S Cooper, C Kim, P H McKenna, A Khoury, K W Herbst
INTRODUCTION: The resolution rate of prenatal urinary tract dilation (UTD) has been documented in several retrospective studies. The present study analyzed prospective observational registry data, with the aim of determining time to resolution among patients prenatally identified with mild postnatal UTD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 248 subjects, from four centers, were prospectively enrolled from 2008 to 2015. Exclusion criteria included other anomalies (n = 69), fewer than two ultrasounds, and/or <3 months follow-up (n = 26)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214574/minimally-invasive-versus-open-approach-for-cystectomy-trends-in-the-utilization-and-demographic-or-clinical-predictors-using-the-national-cancer-database-ncdb
#10
Andrew G Bachman, Alexander A Parker, Marshall D Shaw, Brian W Cross, Kelly L Stratton, Michael S Cookson, Sanjay G Patel
OBJECTIVES: To examine temporal national trends of operative approach for cystectomy and identify demographic or clinical predictive factors that influence choice of approach. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent cystectomy for bladder cancer between 2010 and 2013 using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Approach was stratified by open vs. minimally invasive (robotic or laparoscopic). Univariate Pearson chi-square and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess relationships between demographic and hospital factors and the receipt of minimally invasive or open surgical approach...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213046/splenectomy-as-a-destination-improving-quality-of-care-among-asplenic-veterans-through-a-travel-clinic
#11
Aaron P Mitchell, Joel C Boggan, Karen Lau, David L Simel
BACKGROUND: Asplenic patients are at risk for severe infections, but adherence to recommended preventive education and vaccination is poor. The goal of this study was to demonstrate that a targeted intervention can improve vaccination rates in a population of asplenic veterans. METHODS: Surgically asplenic patients actively receiving care in our health care system were identified via a database search. Patients were contacted via mailed letters and encouraged to attend an existing travel clinic with a new process designed for asplenic patients...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210788/surgical-management-of-degenerative-meniscus-lesions-the-2016-esska-meniscus-consensus
#12
Ph Beaufils, R Becker, S Kopf, M Englund, R Verdonk, M Ollivier, R Seil
PURPOSE: A degenerative meniscus lesion is a slowly developing process typically involving a horizontal cleavage in a middle-aged or older person. When the knee is symptomatic, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy has been practised for a long time with many case series reporting improved patient outcomes. Since 2002, several randomised clinical trials demonstrated no additional benefit of arthroscopic partial meniscectomy compared to non-operative treatment, sham surgery or sham arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
February 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210404/infraorbital-nerve-decompression-for-infraorbital-neuralgia-causalgia-following-blowout-orbital-fractures-a-case-series
#13
Bijan Beigi, Mazda Beigi, Nuwan Niyadurupola, Manuel Saldana, Nabil El-Hindy, Deepak Gupta
The purpose of this study was to present the management of a series of patients referred with infraorbital nerve paraesthesia that developed after insignificant orbital floor fracture without diplopia or exophthalmos, and that did not require initial surgical repair. This is a retrospective interventional case series. The main outcome and measures were assessment of preoperative symptoms including neuralgia and sensory symptoms; review of periorbital computed tomography (CT) scans; and assessment of postoperative effects of surgery for infraorbital nerve decompression...
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210181/causes-of-irreversible-unilateral-or-bilateral-blindness-in-the-al-baha-region-of-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#14
Huda Farhan Alghamdi
PURPOSE: To determine the causes of irreversible unilateral and bilateral blindness that cannot be rehabilitated medically, optically nor surgically in Al Baha province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: There were a retrospective chart review and examination of patients presenting to King Fahad Hospital Al Baha, Saudi Arabia, with unilateral or bilateral blindness from June 2011 to September 2011. Blindness was defined as best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of less than 0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209948/-digital-technology-in-clinical-surgery-and-rehabilitation
#15
O E Karpov, P S Vetshev, V D Daminov, S A Epifanov, A A Zuev, P D Kuzmin, D A Makhnev
: This article is devoted to a very actual and insufficiently imagine in the literature theme - innovation and digital technologies in clinical surgery and rehabilitation. AIM: To schow posibilities of modern digital and information technologies in clinical practice based on the experience of the Pirogov Center. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis of experience in the application of innovative technologies, robotic surgery, intraoperative navigation computer, robotic systems in medical rehabilitation, integrated operating room, surgical video communication systems in service of those doing the Pirogov Center for the past 10 years...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209623/access-to-contraception-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-information-post-abortion-a-systematic-review-of-literature-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Claire Rogers, Jaya A R Dantas
AIM: This systematic literature review documented, analysed and critiqued the accessibility of contraception and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information for women living in low- and middle-income countries who have undergone medical or surgical abortion. METHODOLOGY: This review systematically collated relevant and recent empirical evidence regarding women's access to contraception and SRH information post-abortion within low- and middle-income countries...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209533/hospital-admission-after-gastric-bypass-a-nationwide-cohort-study-with-up-to-6-years-follow-up
#17
Gustaf Bruze, Johan Ottosson, Martin Neovius, Ingmar Näslund, Richard Marsk
BACKGROUND: Several studies have addressed short-term admission rates after bariatric surgery. However, studies on long-term admission rates are few and population based studies are even scarcer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess short- and long-term admission rates for gastrointestinal surgery after gastric bypass in Sweden compared with admission rates in the general population. SETTING: Swedish healthcare system. METHODS: The surgery cohort consisted of adults with body mass index≥35 identified in the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (n = 28,331; mean age 41 years; 76% women; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass performed 2007-2012)...
January 5, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209528/decellularized-human-colorectal-cancer-matrices-polarize-macrophages-towards-an-anti-inflammatory-phenotype-promoting-cancer-cell-invasion-via-ccl18
#18
M L Pinto, E Rios, A C Silva, S C Neves, H R Caires, A T Pinto, C Durães, F A Carvalho, A P Cardoso, N C Santos, C C Barrias, D S Nascimento, P Pinto-do-Ó, M A Barbosa, F Carneiro, M J Oliveira
Macrophages are frequently identified in solid tumors, playing important roles in cancer progression. Their remarkable plasticity makes them very sensitive to environmental factors, including the extracellular matrix (ECM). In the present work, we investigated the impact of human colorectal tumor matrices on macrophage polarization and on macrophage-mediated cancer cell invasion. Accordingly, we developed an innovative 3D-organotypic model, based on the decellularization of normal and tumor tissues derived from colorectal cancer patients' surgical resections...
February 5, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#19
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205036/video-assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-by-novices-and-experts-implications-for-surgical-education
#20
Celine Yeung, Brian Carrillo, Victor Pope, Shahob Hosseinpour, J Ted Gerstle, Georges Azzie
BACKGROUND: Previous investigators have shown that novices are able to assess surgical skills as reliably as expert surgeons. The purpose of this study was to determine how novices and experts arrive at these graded scores when assessing laparoscopic skills and the potential implications this may have for surgical education. METHODS: Four novices and four general laparoscopic surgeons evaluated 59 videos of a suturing task using a 5-point scale. Average novice and expert evaluator scores for each video and the average number of times that scores were changed were compared...
February 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
keyword
keyword
1980
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"