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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029345/evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#1
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
Objectives: Pets influence evacuation decisions, but little is known about pet-friendly emergency shelters' availability or older adults' need for them. Our study addresses this issue, focusing on the most densely populated area of Florida (Miami-Dade)-the state with the oldest population and greatest hurricane susceptibility. Method: We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based methodology to identify the shortest paths to pet-friendly shelters, based on distance and congested and uncongested travel times-taking into account the older population's spatial distribution...
October 4, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029166/beyond-antigenic-match-possible-agent-host-and-immuno-epidemiological-influences-on-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-during-the-2015-16-season-in-canada
#2
Danuta M Skowronski, Catharine Chambers, Suzana Sabaiduc, Gaston De Serres, Anne-Luise Winter, James A Dickinson, Jonathan B Gubbay, Steven J Drews, Christine Martineau, Hugues Charest, Mel Krajden, Nathalie Bastien, Yan Li
Background: Vaccine effectiveness (VE) estimates are reported from Canada's Sentinel Practitioner Surveillance Network (SPSN) for the 2015-16 influenza season, characterized by a delayed A(H1N1)pdm09 epidemic and concurrent B(Victoria) activity. Potential influences beyond antigenic match are explored including viral genomic variation, birth cohort effects, prior vaccination and epidemic period. Methods: VE was estimated by test-negative design comparing adjusted-odds ratio for influenza test-positivity among vaccinated vs...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029163/toxicity-and-sublethal-effects-of-cantharidin-on-musca-domestica-diptera-muscidae
#3
Hassan Yasoob, Hafiz Azhar Ali Khan, Yalin Zhang
The house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), is a major pest of medical and veterinary importance all over the world. Management efforts for house flies are usually compromised owing to their resistance to many groups of conventional insecticides. Cantharidin, a natural toxin produced by meloid beetles, is a biopesticide with a reported toxicity to some insect pests including house flies. However, the effects of cantharidin on biological and fitness parameters of house flies have not yet been investigated...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029118/potential-side-effects-of-the-entomopathogenic-fungus-metarhizium-anisopliae-on-the-egg-parasitoid-trichogramma-pretiosum-hymenoptera-trichogrammatidae-under-controlled-conditions
#4
M Potrich, L F A Alves, E R Lozano, A K Bonini, P M O J Neves
The purpose was to evaluate the side effects of strains Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sorokin sensu lato Unioeste 43 and M. anisopliae sensu stricto ESALQ 1641 on Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) under controlled conditions. A free-choice test for parasitism was performed, with the confinement of T. pretiosum females mated with cards (1 × 5 cm) containing age-standardized Anagasta kuehniella Zeller eggs, either sprayed with a fungal strain (109 conidia/ml) or 0.01% v/v Tween 80 (control)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028992/spatial-distribution-of-megacopta-cribraria-hemiptera-plataspidae-adults-eggs-and-parasitism-by-paratelenomus-saccharalis-hymenoptera-platygastridae-in-soybean
#5
Ian A Knight, Phillip M Roberts, Wayne A Gardner, Kerry M Oliver, Francis P F Reay-Jones, Dominic D Reisig, Michael D Toews
Since 2014, populations of the kudzu bug, Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Hemiptera: Plataspidae), have declined in the southeastern United States and seldom require treatment. This decline follows the discovery of Paratelenomus saccharalis (Dodd; Hymenoptera: Platygastridae), a non-native egg parasitoid. The objective of this project was to observe the temporal and spatial dynamics of P. saccharalis parasitism of kudzu bug egg masses in commercial soybean fields. Four fields were sampled weekly for kudzu bugs and egg masses at a density of one sample per 0...
October 9, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028957/long-term-mortality-and-disability-in-cryptococcal-meningitis-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Estelle Pasquier, John Kunda, Pierre De Beaudrap, Angela Loyse, Elvis Temfack, Síle F Molloy, Thomas S Harrison, Olivier Lortholary
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is the primary cause of meningitis in HIV-infected adults and an emerging disease in HIV-seronegative individuals. No literature review has studied the long-term outcome of CM. We performed a systematic review on the long-term (≥3 months) impact of CM (C. neoformans and C. gattii) on mortality and disability in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected adults. Though the quality of current evidence is limited, the long-term impact of CM on survival and disability appears to be high. One-year mortality ranged from 13% in an Australian non-HIV C...
October 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028458/exploring-gender-and-elder-abuse-from-the-perspective-of-professionals
#7
Lori Weeks, Suzanne Dupuis-Blanchard, Rina Arseneault, Colleen MacQuarrie, Danie Gagnon, Ginette Marie LeBlanc
We conducted an online survey of professionals working in two Canadian provinces to learn about their knowledge of elder abuse from a gender-based perspective. A total of 169 professionals (90% women) completed a survey in either French or English. Five topic areas emerged from the analysis: the influence of gender on the risk of abuse; types of abuse detected; knowledge gaps; capacity to respond to gender-based abuse; and awareness of resources. To gain further insight into these results, we conducted 3 focus groups with a total of 24 professionals...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028455/health-indicators-for-older-sexual-minorities-national-health-interview-survey-2013-2014
#8
Christina N Dragon, Alison M Laffan, Erkan Erdem, Sean Cahill, Daniel Kenefick, Jiahui Ye, Samuel C Haffer
PURPOSE: Advances in lesbian, gay, and bisexual (sexual minority [SM]) acceptance and equality have been made in the past decade. However, certain SM subgroups continue to be disadvantaged due to lack of data and, thus, lack of knowledge about these populations. Data for older sexual minorities are especially lacking and will be increasingly important as more sexual minorities enter older age. This research explores results from a nationally representative health survey to elucidate some health indicators for older sexual minorities...
October 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028178/zika-virus-immune-evasion-mechanisms-currently-available-therapeutic-regimens-and-vaccines
#9
Arun Asif, Sobia Manzoor, Fatima Tuz-Zahra, Muhammad Saalim, Maliha Ashraf, Javeria Ishtiyaq, Madiha Khalid
The sudden emergence of infectious pathogens such as Zika virus (ZIKV) holds global health concerns. Recent dissemination of ZIKV from Pacific to Americas with an upsurge of congenital anomalies and Guillain Barre Syndrome (GBS) in adults has created an alarming situation. High-throughput studies are in progress to understand ZIKV's mode of pathogenesis and mechanism of immune escape, yet the pathogenesis remains obscure. Mainly ZIKV's envelope (E) protein and nonstructural proteins (mainly NS1 and NS5) manipulate host cell to support viral immune escape by modulation of the interferon pathway and complement antagonism...
October 13, 2017: Viral Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027946/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-and-indicators-of-mental-health-an-analysis-of-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#10
Filmer Chu, Arto Ohinmaa, Scott Klarenbach, Zing-Wae Wong, Paul Veugelers
The main function of vitamin D is calcium homeostasis. However, emerging evidence has correlated adequate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations with better mental health. The objective of this study is to investigate the association of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with indicators of mental health such as depression, anxiety, and stress. Associations of serum 25(OH)D concentrations with four indicators of mental health were examined using ordered logistic regression models with increasing specificity that account for demographics, socio-economic status, and health...
October 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027751/the-emerging-role-of-mrna-methylation-in-normal-and-pathological-behavior
#11
REVIEW
Mareen Engel, Alon Chen
Covalent RNA modifications were recently rediscovered as abundant RNA chemical tags. Similarly to DNA epigenetic modifications, they have been proposed as essential regulators of gene expression. Here we focus on two of the most abundant adenosine methylations: N6-methyladenosine (m(6) A), N6,2'-O-dimethyladenosine (m(6) Am) and N1-methyladenosine (m(1) A). We review the potential role of these modifications on mature mRNA in regulating gene expression within the adult brain, nervous system function and normal and pathological behavior...
October 13, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027297/factors-associated-with-ambulatory-care-sensitive-emergency-department-visits-for-south-carolina-medicaid-members-with-intellectual-disability
#12
S McDermott, J Royer, J R Mann, B S Armour
INTRODUCTION: Ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) can be seen as failure of access or management in primary care settings. Identifying factors associated with ACSCs for individuals with an Intellectual Disability (ID) provide insight into potential interventions. METHOD: To assess the association between emergency department (ED) ACSC visits and a number of demographic and health characteristics of South Carolina Medicaid members with ID. A retrospective cohort of adults with ID was followed from 2001 to 2011...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026993/task-intentions-and-their-implementation-into-actions-cognitive-control-from-adolescence-to-middle-adulthood
#13
Edita Poljac, Rianne Haartsen, Renske van der Cruijsen, Andrea Kiesel, Ervin Poljac
Cognitive control processes involved in human multitasking arise, mature, and decline across age. This study investigated how age modulates cognitive control at two different levels: the level of task intentions and the level of the implementation of intentions into the corresponding actions. We were particularly interested in specifying maturation of voluntary task choice (intentions) and task-switching execution (their implementations) between adolescence and middle adulthood. Seventy-four participants were assigned to one of the four age groups (adolescents, 12-17 years; emerging adults, 18-22 years; young adults, 23-27 years; middle-aged adults, 28-56 years)...
October 13, 2017: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026590/eosinophilic-esophagitis-what-can-we-learn-from-crohn-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Javier Molina-Infante, Alain M Schoepfer, Alfredo J Lucendo, Evan S Dellon
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an emerging esophageal inflammatory disorder affecting children and young adults. As a relatively new disease, EoE is still burdened by frequent diagnostic and therapeutic pitfalls in clinical practice. This manuscript posits a number of similarities with Crohn's disease, which may help optimize EoE patient management. Commonalities include epidemiologic trends (Westernized diseases, rising incidence, early-life risk factors), diagnostic considerations (symptoms are poor predictors of disease activity, difficulties in disease activity assessment) and therapeutic issues (similar natural history and therapeutic goals, induction and maintenance phases, combination of drug and endoscopic treatment, potential drug interchangeability, long-term unsolved issues)...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026183/developmental-emergence-of-sparse-coding-a-dynamic-systems-approach
#15
Vahid Rahmati, Knut Kirmse, Knut Holthoff, Lars Schwabe, Stefan J Kiebel
During neocortical development, network activity undergoes a dramatic transition from largely synchronized, so-called cluster activity, to a relatively sparse pattern around the time of eye-opening in rodents. Biophysical mechanisms underlying this sparsification phenomenon remain poorly understood. Here, we present a dynamic systems modeling study of a developing neural network that provides the first mechanistic insights into sparsification. We find that the rest state of immature networks is strongly affected by the dynamics of a transient, unstable state hidden in their firing activities, allowing these networks to either be silent or generate large cluster activity...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026056/patient-opinion-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-their-treatment-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-hong-kong-public-urology-clinics
#16
L Y Ho, C K Chan, P Sk Chu
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract symptoms collectively represent a common condition among ageing men. There are, however, limited data on the frequency of individual symptoms in patients who seek specialist care. We conducted a multinational survey in South-East Asia to evaluate patients' self-reported prevalence, bother, treatment, and treatment satisfaction of four lower urinary tract symptoms namely, urgency, nocturia, slow stream, and post-micturition dribble. This report presents the analysis of the Hong Kong subpopulation...
October 13, 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025497/the-prevalence-of-violent-behavior-among-lebanese-university-students-association-with-behavioral-and-mental-health-factors
#17
Taha Itani, Florian Fischer, Janet J Chu, Alexander Kraemer
OBJECTIVES: We estimated the prevalence of 2 key violent behaviors (weapons carrying and physical fighting), determined the health risk correlates of violent behavior, such as current tobacco smoking, alcohol binge drinking, and having multiple sexual partners, and investigated the potential mental health factors related to violent behavior among Lebanese university students. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 450 Lebanese university students based on proportionate cluster sampling...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025457/characteristics-and-correlates-of-alcohol-consumption-among-adult-chronic-care-patients-in-north-west-province-south-africa
#18
Arvin Bhana, Sujit D Rathod, One Selohilwe, Tasneem Kathree, Inge Petersen
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns in South Africa (SA) tend to be characterised by risky patterns of drinking. Taken together with the large burden of disease associated with HIV and tuberculosis (TB), heavy alcohol consumption patterns with these chronic conditions has the potential to compromise the efficacy of treatment efforts among such patients. OBJECTIVE: To explore the characteristics, correlates and diagnoses of alcohol use disorders among chronic care patients in SA...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025456/a-finger-or-not-prostate-examinations-by-non-urologists-at-a-south-african-academic-institution
#19
Kalli Spencer
BACKGROUND: According to the South African (SA) National Cancer Registry 2009, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed solid-organ cancer in SA men: the incidence increases at ~3% every year, with 1/26 men developing prostate cancer in their lifetime and five men dying every day. Screening for prostate cancer by performing a digital rectal examination (DRE) adds to the sensitivity and specificity of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing and is an important component of the assessment for the early detection of prostate cancer...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025194/procalcitonin-to-initiate-or-discontinue-antibiotics-in-acute-respiratory-tract-infections
#20
REVIEW
Philipp Schuetz, Yannick Wirz, Ramon Sager, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Daiana Stolz, Michael Tamm, Lila Bouadma, Charles E Luyt, Michel Wolff, Jean Chastre, Florence Tubach, Kristina B Kristoffersen, Olaf Burkhardt, Tobias Welte, Stefan Schroeder, Vandack Nobre, Long Wei, Heiner C Bucher, Neera Bhatnagar, Djillali Annane, Konrad Reinhart, Angela Branche, Pierre Damas, Maarten Nijsten, Dylan W de Lange, Rodrigo O Deliberato, Stella Ss Lima, Vera Maravić-Stojković, Alessia Verduri, Bin Cao, Yahya Shehabi, Albertus Beishuizen, Jens-Ulrik S Jensen, Caspar Corti, Jos A Van Oers, Ann R Falsey, Evelien de Jong, Carolina F Oliveira, Bianca Beghe, Matthias Briel, Beat Mueller
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) comprise of a large and heterogeneous group of infections including bacterial, viral, and other aetiologies. In recent years, procalcitonin (PCT), a blood marker for bacterial infections, has emerged as a promising tool to improve decisions about antibiotic therapy (PCT-guided antibiotic therapy). Several randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated the feasibility of using procalcitonin for starting and stopping antibiotics in different patient populations with ARIs and different settings ranging from primary care settings to emergency departments, hospital wards, and intensive care units...
October 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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