keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency adults

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526859/evaluation-of-arteriolar-smooth-muscle-cell-function-in-an-ex-vivo-microvascular-network-model
#1
Jessica M Motherwell, Mohammad S Azimi, Kristine Spicer, Natascha G Alves, Nicholas A Hodges, Jerome W Breslin, Prasad V G Katakam, Walter L Murfee
An emerging challenge in tissue engineering biomimetic models is recapitulating the physiological complexity associated with real tissues. Recently, our laboratory introduced the rat mesentery culture model as an ex vivo experimental platform for investigating the multi-cellular dynamics involved in angiogenesis within an intact microvascular network using time-lapse imaging. A critical question remains whether the vessels maintain their functionality. The objective of this study was to determine whether vascular smooth muscle cells in cultured microvascular networks maintain the ability to constrict...
May 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526466/-comparison-of-three-different-insertion-techniques-with-lma-unique%C3%A2-in-adults-results-of-a-randomized-trial
#2
Merih Eglen, Bahar Kuvaki, Ferim Günenç, Sule Ozbilgin, Semih Küçükgüçlü, Ebru Polat, Emel Pekel
BACKGROUND: The triple airway maneuver insertion technique allowed faster insertion of the LMA. This study compared three different insertion techniques of the laryngeal mask airway-Unique™. METHODS: One hundred and eighty ASA I-II patients aged 18-65 years were included into the study. Patients were randomly allocated to the standard, rotational and triple airway maneuver (triple) group. In the standard group (n=60), the LMA (Laryngeal Mask Airway) was inserted with digital intraoral manipulation...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526355/drinking-beyond-the-binge-threshold-predictors-consequences-and-changes-in-the-u-s
#3
Ralph W Hingson, Wenxing Zha, Aaron M White
INTRODUCTION: Binge drinking, five or more drinks on an occasion for men and four or more for women, marks risky alcohol use. However, this dichotomous variable removes information about higher, more dangerous consumption. This paper examines predictors, consequences, and changes over a decade in drinking one to two times, two to three times, and three or more times standard gender-specific binge thresholds, labeled Levels I, II, and III. METHODS: In 2001-2002 and 2012-2013, respectively, 42,748 and 36,083 U...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526256/perceived-sleep-quality-the-interplay-of-neuroticism-affect-and-hyperarousal
#4
Nicola Cellini, Katherine A Duggan, Michela Sarlo
INTRODUCTION: Many adults experience poor sleep quality, and personality traits have emerged as important predictors of self-reported sleep. However, it is still unclear whether personality predicts sleep quality independent of other correlates, including mood, emotion regulation, and hyperarousal. AIMS AND METHOD: The aim of this study was twofold. First, using an online survey, we assessed the relationship between perceived sleep quality (defined here as the total score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and personality in 498 Italians (M age=26...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525835/emerging-and-legacy-flame-retardants-in-uk-human-milk-and-food-suggest-slow-response-to-restrictions-on-use-of-pbdes-and-hbcdd
#5
Fang Tao, Mohamed Abou-Elwafa Abdallah, Danielle C Ashworth, Philippa Douglas, Mireille B Toledano, Stuart Harrad
The legacy flame retardants (LFRs) polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexabromocyclododecane (HBCDD), together with six emerging flame retardants (EFRs) were measured in United Kingdom (UK) human milk collected in 2010 (n=25) and 2014-15 (n=10). These data are the first report of the presence of EFRs in UK human milk. The most abundant EFR was β-tetrabromoethylcyclohexane (DBE-DBCH) (average=2.5ng/g lw; geometric mean=1.5ng/g lw), which is comparable to the concentrations of the most abundant LFRs i...
May 16, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525434/adult-and-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-in-the-emergency-care-setting
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525247/-evaluations-by-hospital-ward-physicians-of-patient-care-management-quality-for-patients-hospitalized-after-an-emergency-department-admission
#7
M Bartiaux, P Mols
BACKGROUND: patient management in the acute and sub-acute setting of an Emergency Department is challenging. An assessment of the quality of provided care enables an evaluation of failings. It contributes to the identification of areas for improvement. OBJECTIVES: to obtain an analysis, by hospital-ward physicians, of adult patient care management quality, as well as of the correctness of diagnosis made during emergency admissions. To evaluate the consequences of inadequate patient care management on morbidity, mortality and cost and duration of hospitalization...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524702/school-success-and-participation-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-multiple-perspectives
#8
Helen M Bourke-Taylor, Claire Cotter, Aislinn Lalor, Lindy Johnson
PURPOSE: This qualitative study investigated perceived successful school experiences for students with cerebral palsy in Australia. Participation and appropriate support in school are complex concepts, although few studies have investigated all stakeholders' perspectives. METHODS: Phenomenology informed the study that centered on the concept of a successful school experience. In-depth interviews occurred with students (n = 7), parents (n = 11), teachers (n = 10), school principals (n = 9) and allied health practitioners (n = 10) to gain the perspective from multiple vantage points...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524378/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-mental-health-crisis-assessment-scale-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Luther G Kalb, Louis P Hagopian, Alden L Gross, Roma A Vasa
BACKGROUND: Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit high rates of psychopathology. These symptoms can pose a risk of injury to self or others when the child is in crisis. Despite this danger, there are no instruments available to identify those with ASD who are at risk or actively in crisis. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Crisis Assessment Scale (MCAS), a 28 item parent report measure. METHODS: The MCAS was administered to the parents of 606 children and young adults (aged 3-25 years, M age = 13 years, SD = 5 years) enrolled in the Interactive Autism Network, an online registry of families raising a child with ASD...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524036/-reliability-and-validity-of-four-level-and-three-district-triage-standards-in-emergency-department-a-randomized-sampling-cross-sectional-study-of-1-106-adult-patients
#10
Aiqun Zhu, Jingping Zhang, Huilin Zhang, Yanhui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of three-district and four-level triage standards in adult emergency department. METHODS: A randomized sampling cross-sectional study was conducted. A total of 1 106 emergency adult patients admitted to the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in Hunan Province from December 2015 to April 2016 were enrolled. The triage was independently performed by 12 nurses according to the emergency triage criteria...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523473/young-colorectal-cancer-patients-often-present-too-late
#11
Jia-Hao Law, Frederick H Koh, Ker-Kan Tan
PURPOSE: Current screening and health education strategies on colorectal cancer (CRC) remain focused on individuals >50 years old. However, CRC in young adults is not uncommon. This paper aims to explore how CRC presents in young adults and their clinical outcomes. METHODS: All patients aged <50 years diagnosed with CRC from January 2007 to December 2015 were reviewed. Patient demographics, clinical symptoms, and outcomes of treatment were collected. RESULTS: Of 1367 patients diagnosed with CRC, 154 (11...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523464/the-role-of-ontogeny-in-the-evolution-of-human-cooperation
#12
Michael Tomasello, Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera
To explain the evolutionary emergence of uniquely human skills and motivations for cooperation, Tomasello et al. (2012, in Current Anthropology 53(6):673-92) proposed the interdependence hypothesis. The key adaptive context in this account was the obligate collaborative foraging of early human adults. Hawkes (2014, in Human Nature 25(1):28-48), following Hrdy (Mothers and Others, Harvard University Press, 2009), provided an alternative account for the emergence of uniquely human cooperative skills in which the key was early human infants' attempts to solicit care and attention from adults in a cooperative breeding context...
May 18, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523062/role-of-antimicrobials-in-the-treatment-of-adult-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-acute-gastroenteritis-a-mini-review
#13
REVIEW
Omar Abbas Ahmed Malik
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Acute gastroenteritis is generally considered a self-limiting illness that does not require the use of antibiotics. However, many emergency departments in the country frequently prescribe antibiotics to patients presenting with diarrhoea. This review attempts to determine whether this practice is reasonable. Our objective was to determine the role of antimicrobials in the empiric management of acute gastroenteritis. METHODS: The online data base "PubMed", as well as the World Wide Web, were searched for relevant articles (RCTs, Reviews, Prospective studies, etc...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522680/geographic-clustering-of-emergency-department-presentations-for-acute-coronary-syndromes-and-heart-failure-in-alberta-a-population-based-study
#14
Rhonda J Rosychuk, Brian H Rowe, Finlay A McAlister
BACKGROUND: Collectively, the most common acute cardiac presentations to emergency departments are acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) and heart failure. We examined geographic variation and clustering in emergency department presentations by adults for ACS or heart failure in Alberta in 2010/11. METHODS: All emergency department presentations for ACS or heart failure made by Alberta residents aged 35 years or more during 2010/11 were extracted from 5 linked population-based Alberta administrative health databases...
May 18, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522298/%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-induces-the-differentiation-of-resident-cardiac-stem-cells-to-cardiomyocytes-through-autophagy
#15
Xingxing Shi, Wenjing Li, Honghong Liu, Deling Yin, Jing Zhao
Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) have emerged as promising cell candidates to regenerate damaged hearts, because of the potential in differentiating to cardiomyocytes. However, the differentiation is difficult to trigger without inducers. Here we reported that β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) increased the expression of cardiac transcription factors (Nkx2.5 and GATA4), structural proteins (cardiac Troponin T, cTnt), transcriptional enhancer (Mef2c) and induced GATA4 nucleus translocation in adult resident CSCs, thus β-CD could be used to enhance myogenic transition...
May 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521872/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-an-update-with-special-focus-on-the-role-of-gut-microbiota
#16
REVIEW
Michael Doulberis, Georgios Kotronis, Dimitra Gialamprinou, Jannis Kountouras, Panagiotis Katsinelos
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a significant global health burden in children, adolescents and adults with substantial rise in prevalence over the last decades. Accumulating data from manifold studies support the idea of NAFLD as a hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, being rather a systemic metabolic disease than a liver confined pathology. Emerging data support that the gut microbiome represents a significant environmental factor contributing to NAFLD development and progression. Apart from other regimens, probiotics may have a positive role in the management of NAFLD through a plethora of possible mechanisms...
June 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521846/measures-of-suicidality-in-phase-3-clinical-trials-of-levomilnacipran-er-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#17
Michael E Thase, Carl Gommoll, Changzheng Chen, Kenneth Kramer, Arif Khan, Suresh Durgam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of levomilnacipran extended-release (ER) on suicidal ideation and behavior in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Post hoc analyses were conducted in patients from 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials and a long-term, open-label extension study of levomilnacipran ER (40-120 mg/d) in adults with MDD. Analyses included incidence of suicide-related treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs); incidence of Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS) suicidal ideation (score=1-5) and behavior (score=6-10); percent of patients who shifted from no C-SSRS suicidal ideation/behavior at baseline to suicidal ideation during treatment (worsened from score=0 to score=1-5), or vice-versa (improved from score=1-5 to score=0)...
May 19, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521835/adult-autoimmune-enteropathy-presenting-initially-with-acquired-acrodermatitis-enteropathica-a-case-report
#18
Erina Lie, Sarah Sung, Steven Hoseong Yang
BACKGROUND: Acrodermatitis enteropathica (AE) is a rare dermatitis secondary to zinc deficiency most commonly seen as an inherited disease in infants. In the last decade, increased number of reports have been published on the acquired form that presents in adulthood. Unlike its inherited counterpart, acquired AE (AAE) is often secondary to underlying pathologic or iatrogenic etiologies that interfere with nutritional absorption, such as inflammatory bowel disease or alcoholism. Various gastrointestinal pathologies have been associated with AAE, but there is currently no report on its association with adult autoimmune enteropathy (AIE), a rare gastrointestinal disorder commonly seen in infants, with limited cases reported in adults...
May 18, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521652/case-report-patient-with-unexplained-high-fever-and-pancytopenia
#19
Kelly De Schuyter, Tom Lodewyck
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We present a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), giving insight in how to establish diagnosis and start appropiate treatment. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 45-year-old male presented at the emergency ward with high fever and pancytopenia. Repeat bone marrow aspirates showed hemophagocytosis. Extensive work-up with exclusion of other infectious and malignant diseases, eventually lead us to the diagnosis of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis...
May 19, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520750/awareness-and-trust-of-the-fda-and-cdc-results-from-a-national-sample-of-us-adults-and-adolescents
#20
Sarah D Kowitt, Allison M Schmidt, Anika Hannan, Adam O Goldstein
Trust in government agencies plays a key role in advancing these organizations' agendas, influencing behaviors, and effectively implementing policies. However, few studies have examined the extent to which individuals are aware of and trust the leading United States agencies devoted to protecting the public's health. Using two national samples of adolescents (N = 1,125) and adults (N = 5,014), we examined demographic factors, with a focus on vulnerable groups, as correlates of awareness of and trust in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the federal government...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
19797
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"