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Intima media thickness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437814/assessment-of-early-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-essential-hypertension
#1
Andreja Stelcar, Evgenija Homsak, Natasa Marcun Varda
The aim of our study was to investigate some early markers of hypertensive target organ damage in hypertensive children and adolescents, and to detect those showing most prominent clinical significance. We included 100 children with essential hypertension (EH) and 50 age-matched healthy control children, and evaluated left ventricular mass (LVM), intima-media thickness in the carotid arteries (IMT), pulse wave velocity (PWV), microalbuminuria, biochemical parameters and some adipokines. Statistically significant differences between the 2 groups were observed for HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, uric acid, glucose, apolipoprotein A1, and total adiponectin...
April 24, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434910/the-composition-and-biomechanical-properties-of-human-cryopreserved-aortas-pulmonary-trunks-and-aortic-and-pulmonary-cusps
#2
Tereza Kubíková, Petra Kochová, Jan Brázdil, Jaroslav Špatenka, Jan Burkert, Milena Králíčková, Zbyněk Tonar
Human cryopreserved allografts of pulmonary and aortic heart valves, aortas and pulmonary trunks are used for valve replacement. However, it is unknown how the composition of these allografts relate to their mechanical properties. Our aims were to correlate the histological compositions and passive mechanical properties of aortic and pulmonary valves and to observe the microcracks of aortas and pulmonary trunks. The following parameters were quantified: ultimate stress; ultimate strain; Young's modulus of elasticity; valve cusp wall thickness; pulmonary and aortic intima-media thickness; area fraction of elastin, collagen and calcification; and length density of elastic fibres...
April 20, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431106/ultrasound-cut-off-values-for-intima-media-thickness-of-temporal-facial-and-axillary-arteries-in-giant-cell-arteritis
#3
Valentin S Schäfer, Aaron Juche, Sofia Ramiro, Andreas Krause, Wolfgang A Schmidt
Objective.: To evaluate the intima-media thickness (IMT) of arteries involved in GCA for determining cut-off values. Methods.: Forty newly diagnosed GCA patients in a fast-track GCA clinic and 40 age- and sex-matched controls were included. IMT measurement was performed at or within 24 h after diagnosis. The common superficial temporal arteries with their frontal and parietal branches and the facial arteries were bilaterally examined with a 10-22 MHz probe and the axillary artery with a 6-18 MHz probe...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430614/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#4
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
February 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429349/association-between-the-severity-of-newly-diagnosed-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-subclinical-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-patients-without-overt-cardiovascular-disease
#5
K Theodoropoulos, D Lykouras, K Karkoulias, D Damania, K Leou, O Lagiou, O A Meelu, A Rigopoulou, G D Dangas, G Hahalis, K Spiropoulos, I Starakis
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) has been associated with both subclinical and accelerated atherosclerosis; however, it still remains unknown whether this association is unique or is mediated by the higher burden of co-existing cardio-metabolic disorders frequently seen in patients with OSA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 40 subjects without clinically diagnosed cardiovascular disease (CVD) referred for polysomnography test were included in the study. Subjects with apnea/hypopnea index (AHI > 15/h) were classified as moderate/severe OSA...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428451/the-relation-between-serum-endostatin-level-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-healthy-residents-of-japan-results-from-the-kyushu-and-okinawa-population-study-kops
#6
Yoshifumi Kato, Norihiro Furusyo, Yuuki Tanaka, Takatsugu Ueyama, Sho Yamasaki, Masayuki Murata, Jun Hayashi
AIM: To examine the association between the serum endostatin levels and subclinical atherosclerosis independent of traditional risk factors in a healthy Japanese population. METHODS: Among 1,057 residents who attended free public physical examinations between 2010 and 2011, we evaluated the data of 648 healthy residents for whom the serum endostatin level and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) were successfully measured. RESULTS: The median endostatin level was 63...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428025/adipokines-as-atherothrombotic-risk-factors-in-obese-subjects-associations-with-haemostatic-markers-and-common-carotid-wall%C3%A2-thickness
#7
É Csongrádi, M Káplár, B Nagy, C A Koch, A Juhász, L Bajnok, Z Varga, I Seres, Z Karányi, M T Magyar, L Oláh, A Facskó, J Kappelmayer, G Paragh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some crucial associations between obesity-related altered adipokine levels and the main factors of atherosclerotic, atherothrombotic processes are not fully known. We analysed the relationships of classic adipokines, namely leptin, resistin, adiponectin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) with the markers of platelet activation, including mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet surface/soluble P-selectin, platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), the parameters of coagulation abnormalities and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in obese patients with or without atherosclerotic comorbidities in comparison to age- and sex-matched controls...
March 8, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426788/association-between-hemoglobin-glycation-index-with-insulin-resistance-and-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-non-diabetic-individuals
#8
Maria Adelaide Marini, Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino, Elena Succurro, Elisabetta Pedace, Francesco Andreozzi, Angela Sciacqua, Francesco Perticone, Giorgio Sesti
Hemoglobin glycation index (HGI), defined as the difference between the observed HbA1c value and the value of HbA1c predicted from plasma glucose levels, represents a measure of the degree of non-enzymatic glycation of hemoglobin and it has been found to be positively associated with micro- and macro-vascular complications in subjects with type 2 diabetes. To investigate the pathophysiological abnormalities responsible for the increased cardiovascular risk of patients with higher HGI, we evaluated the association of HGI with cardio-metabolic characteristics in nondiabetic offspring of type 2 diabetic individuals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420817/association-of-kidney-dysfunction-with-asymptomatic-cerebrovascular-abnormalities-in-a-japanese-population-with-health-checkups
#9
Kaori Hayashi, Michiyo Takayama, Takeshi Kanda, Kazuhiro Kashiwagi, Akihito Hishikawa, Yasushi Iwao, Hiroshi Itoh
BACKGROUND: Cerebrovascular disease is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent in stroke patients. This study evaluated the correlation between kidney dysfunction and asymptomatic findings on carotid ultrasonography (US) and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a Japanese population with health checkups.Methods and Results:In total, 1,716 subjects aged 40-80 years, who received health checkups from January 1 to December 31, 2015, were included...
April 14, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420697/erratum-sitagliptin-attenuates-the-progression-of-carotid-intima-media-thickening-in-insulin-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-sitagliptin-preventive-study-of-intima-media-thickness-evaluation-spike-a-randomized-controlled-trial-diabetes-care-2016-39
#10
Tomoya Mita, Naoto Katakami, Toshihiko Shiraiwa, Hidenori Yoshii, Tomio Onuma, Nobuichi Kuribayashi, Takeshi Osonoi, Hideaki Kaneto, Keisuke Kosugi, Yutaka Umayahara, Tsunehiko Yamamoto, Kazunari Matsumoto, Hiroki Yokoyama, Mamiko Tsugawa, Masahiko Gosho, Iichiro Shimomura, Hirotaka Watada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420050/carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-arterial-stiffness-in-pediatric-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
N Su-Angka, A Khositseth, S Vilaiyuk, K Tangnararatchakit, W Prangwatanagul
Objectives The carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid arterial stiffness index (CASI) act as the surrogate markers of atherosclerosis. We aim to assess CIMT and CASI in pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Patients ≤ 20 years old fulfilling diagnostic criteria for SLE were enrolled. Patients with active smoking, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, arterial thrombosis, family history of hypercholesterolemia, chronic liver disease, or other chronic severe diseases were excluded...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419771/aspects-of-carotid-structure-and-function-in-health-and-different-stages-of-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Anna M Asp, Carin Wallquist, Anette Rickenlund, Britta Hylander, Stefan H Jacobson, Kenneth Caidahl, Maria J Eriksson
INTRODUCTION: Arterial remodelling and stiffening have been demonstrated in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The presence of vascular alterations in earlier-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) is less studied. We evaluated vascular structure and function in mild-to-moderate CKD (stages 2-3) compared with healthy subjects and advanced CKD (stages 4-5). METHODS: Carotid ultrasound was performed in 103 non-dialysis CKD patients and 54 healthy controls. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and common carotid artery (CCA) diameter were measured...
April 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415848/increased-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-additional-issue-to-consider
#13
Paschalis Steiropoulos, Nikolaos Papanas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414714/excess-atherosclerosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-matter-of-renal-involvement-case-control-study-of-281-sle-patients-and-281-individually-matched-population-controls
#14
Johanna T Gustafsson, Marie Herlitz Lindberg, Iva Gunnarsson, Susanne Pettersson, Kerstin Elvin, John Öhrvik, Anders Larsson, Kerstin Jensen-Urstad, Elisabet Svenungsson
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), is a heterogeneous disease which predominantly affects young females (90%). SLE is associated with a shorter life expectancy than in the general population. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) of 2.4 have been reported, which is comparable to diabetes. In modern societies cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of premature mortality. Accelerated atherosclerosis is generally assumed to be the underlying cause for SLE related CVD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413315/the-involvement-of-ginseng-berry-extract-in-blood-flow-via-regulation-of-blood-coagulation-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#15
Min Hee Kim, Jongsung Lee, Sehyun Jung, Joo Wan Kim, Jae-Ho Shin, Hae-Jeung Lee
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated the effect of ginseng berry hot water extract (GBx) on blood flow via the regulation of lipid metabolites and blood coagulation in rats fed a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: Sixty rats were divided into five groups in descending order of body weight. Except for the control group, the other four groups were fed a HFD containing 45% kcal from fat for 11 wk without GBx. GBx groups were then additionally treated by gastric gavage with GBx dissolved in distilled water at 50 (GBx 50) mg/kg, 100 (GBx 100) mg/kg, or 150 (GBx 150) mg/kg body weight for 6 wk along with the HFD...
April 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411021/improvement-in-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-after-bariatric-surgery-as-measured-by-carotid-intima-media-thickness-comparison-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-versus-gastric-bypass
#16
Jesús M Gómez-Martin, Enrique Aracil, Julio Galindo, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, José A Balsa, José I Botella-Carretero
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery may diminish cardiovascular risk (CVR) and its associated mortality. However, studies that compare these effects with different techniques are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in CVR as estimated by carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) after obesity surgery in women with high CVR as defined by the presence of metabolic syndrome. SETTING: Academic hospital. METHODS: We studied 40 severely obese women, of whom 20 received laparoscopic Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 20 received sleeve gastrectomy (SG)...
February 3, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408707/admixture-mapping-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-subsequent-clinical-events-among-african-americans-in-2-large-cohort-studies
#17
Aditi Shendre, Howard Wiener, Marguerite R Irvin, Degui Zhi, Nita A Limdi, Edgar T Overton, Christina L Wassel, Jasmin Divers, Jerome I Rotter, Wendy S Post, Sadeep Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Local ancestry may contribute to the disproportionate burden of subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease among admixed African Americans compared with other populations, suggesting a rationale for admixture mapping. METHODS AND RESULTS: We estimated local European ancestry (LEA) using Local Ancestry inference in adMixed Populations using Linkage Disequilibrium method (LAMP-LD) and evaluated the association with common carotid artery intima-media thickness (cCIMT) using multivariable linear regression analysis among 1554 African Americans from MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)...
April 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405891/renalase-in-children-with-glomerular-kidney-diseases
#18
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Joanna Przychodzień, Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Elżbieta Kuźma-Mroczkowska, Magdalena Okarska-Napierała, Elżbieta Górska, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Urszula Demkow, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Studies suggest that renalase, a renal catecholamine-inactivating enzyme, plays a major role in the pathogenesis of kidney and cardiovascular diseases in adults. This study seeks to determine the role of renalase in children with glomerular kidney diseases. We evaluated the serum renalase, arterial stiffness, intima-media thickness, blood pressure, and clinical and biochemical parameters in 78 children (11.9 ± 4.6 years of age) with glomerulopathies such as idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (40 cases), IgA nephropathy (12 cases), Henoch-Schönlein nephropathy (12 cases), and other glomerulopathies (14 cases)...
April 13, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399044/red-meat-consumption-and-cardiovascular-target-organ-damage-from-the-strong-heart-study
#19
Bernhard Haring, Wenyu Wang, Amanda Fretts, Daichi Shimbo, Elisa T Lee, Barbara V Howard, Mary J Roman, Richard B Devereux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether red meat consumption is related to changes in left ventricular mass (LVM), left atrial diameter and carotid atherosclerosis in American Indians. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed echocardiographic and carotid ultrasound data of 1090 adults aged 40 years and older enrolled in the Strong Heart Family Study who were free of cardiovascular disease at baseline - 535 (49%) were hypertensive and 555 (51%) participants were nonhypertensive...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395890/frequency-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-among-young-mexican-americans
#20
Clarence Gill, Kristina P Vatcheva, Jen-Jung Pan, Beverly Smulevitz, David D McPherson, Michael Fallon, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch, Susan T Laing
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is considered as the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome, whose criteria are risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD, its association with subclinical atherosclerosis, and factors that may account for this association in Mexican Americans. In a population-based cross-sectional sample drawn from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort in Texas, carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), an indicator of subclinical atherosclerosis, was measured...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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