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Intima media thickness

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930197/red-blood-cell-eicosapentaenoic-acid-inversely-relates-to-mri-assessed-carotid-plaque-lipid-core-burden-in-elders-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#1
Núria Bargalló, Rosa Gilabert, Edwin-Saúl Romero-Mamani, Montserrat Cofán, Philip C Calder, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Aleix Sala-Vila
Supplemental marine omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has an anti-atherosclerotic effect. Clinical research on EPA supplied by the regular diet and atherosclerosis is scarce. In the framework of the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) trial, we conducted a cross-sectional study in 161 older individuals at high vascular risk grouped into different stages of carotid atherosclerosis severity, including those without ultrasound-detected atheroma plaque (n = 38), with plaques <2.0 mm thick (n = 65), and with plaques ≥2...
September 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929697/-effects-of-berberine-on-serum-inflammatory-factors-and-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-patients-with-acute-cerebral-ischemic-stroke
#2
Ying Li, Pei Wang, Mei-Jing Chai, Fan Yang, Hong-Shan Li, Jing Zhao, Huan Wang, Dan-Dan Lu
This study aims to analyze the effect of berberine on serum inflammatory factors and carotid atherosclerotic plaques in ppatients with acute cerebral ischemic stroke(AIS). In the study, 120 patients with AIS were randomly divided into berberine group(n=60) and general group (n=60). The 60 cases in the general group were provided with general therapy according to the latest guidelines of diagnosis and treatment of AIS. The berberine group received berberine 300 mg(tid) in addition to the therapy of the general group...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927895/adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-the-presence-and-extension-of-atherosclerotic-plaques-in-middle-aged-asymptomatic-adults-the-aragon-workers-health-study
#3
Rocío Mateo-Gallego, Irina Uzhova, Belén Moreno-Franco, Montserrat León-Latre, José A Casasnovas, Martín Laclaustra, José L Peñalvo, Fernando Civeira
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is known to prevent cardiovascular events but the mechanisms mediating this association are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the association between MeDi adherence and the presence and extent of atherosclerotic plaques in carotid, femoral, and aorta territories and its relationship with risk factors in asymptomatic middle-aged adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the Aragon Workers' Health Study, a cohort of 2588 subjects (94...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926375/early-effects-of-renal-replacement-therapy-on-cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-children-with-end-stage-kidney-disease-findings-from-the-4c-t-study
#4
Bernhard M W Schmidt, Rizky I Sugianto, Daniela Thurn, Karolis Azukaitis, Aysun K Bayazit, Nur Canpolat, Ayse Guler Eroglu, Salim Caliskan, Anke Doyon, Ali Duzova, Tevfik Karagoz, Ali Anarat, Murat Deveci, Sevgi Mir, Bruno Ranchin, Rukshana Shroff, Esra Baskin, Mieczyslaw Litwin, Z Birsin Özcakar, Rainer Büscher, Oguz Soylemezoglu, Jiri Dusek, Markus Kemper, Maria C Matteucci, Sandra Habbig, Guido Laube, Elke Wühl, Uwe Querfeld, Anja Sander, Franz Schaefer, Anette Melk
BACKGROUND: The early impact of renal transplantation on subclinical cardiovascular measures in pediatric patients has not been widely investigated. This analysis is performed for pediatric patients participating in the prospective 4C study and focuses on the early effects of RRT modality on cardiovascular comorbidity in patients receiving a preemptive transplant or started on dialysis. METHODS: We compared measures indicating subclinical cardiovascular organ damage (aortal pulse wave velocity, carotid intima media thickness, left ventricular mass index) and evaluated cardiovascular risk factors in 166 pediatric patients before and 6 to 18 months after start of RRT (n=76 transplantation, n=90 dialysis)...
September 18, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926162/retinal-vessel-morphology-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-association-with-systemic-inflammation-subclinical-atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-risk
#5
Panagiota Anyfanti, Areti Triantafyllou, Eugenia Gkaliagkousi, Nikolaos Koletsos, Georgios Athanasopoulos, Xenophon Zabulis, Vasiliki Galanopoulou, Spyros Aslanidis, Stella Douma
OBJECTIVE: Quantification of retinal vessel morphology has emerged as a marker of cardiovascular health. We examined retinal microvascular diameters in RA, particularly in regard with systemic inflammation, subclinical atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Retinal images from RA patients and controls were processed using computerized software, to obtain central retinal arteriolar (CRAE) and venular (CRVE) equivalent and arteriovenous ratio (AVR). Subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed with carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), and 10-year risk of general cardiovascular disease was calculated...
September 19, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925747/protocol-and-quality-assurance-for-carotid-imaging-in-100-000-participants-of-uk-biobank-development-and-assessment
#6
Sean Coffey, Adam J Lewandowski, Steve Garratt, Rudy Meijer, Steven Lynum, Ram Bedi, James Paterson, Mohammad Yaqub, J Alison Noble, Stefan Neubauer, Steffen E Petersen, Naomi Allen, Cathie Sudlow, Rory Collins, Paul M Matthews, Paul Leeson
Background Ultrasound imaging is able to quantify carotid arterial wall structure for the assessment of cerebral and cardiovascular disease risks. We describe a protocol and quality assurance process to enable carotid imaging at large scale that has been developed for the UK Biobank Imaging Enhancement Study of 100,000 individuals. Design An imaging protocol was developed to allow measurement of carotid intima-media thickness from the far wall of both common carotid arteries. Six quality assurance criteria were defined and a web-based interface (Intelligent Ultrasound) was developed to facilitate rapid assessment of images against each criterion...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923899/cardiovascular-risk-factors-accelerate-progression-of-vascular-aging-in-the-general-population-results-from-the-crave-study-cardiovascular-risk-factors-affecting-vascular-age
#7
Dimitrios Terentes-Printzios, Charalambos Vlachopoulos, Panagiotis Xaplanteris, Nikolaos Ioakeimidis, Konstantinos Aznaouridis, Katerina Baou, Despina Kardara, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Christos Georgakopoulos, Dimitrios Tousoulis
Vascular aging, as assessed by structural and functional arterial properties, is an independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. We hypothesized that the number of cardiovascular risk factors determines the progression of vascular aging. One hundred forty-two subjects (mean age 51.9 years, 94 men) without established cardiovascular disease were investigated in 2 examinations over a 2-year period. Subjects were classified at baseline according to their number of risk factors (from 0 to 2 and more). Subjects had determinations of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity, aortic augmentation index, brachial flow-mediated dilatation, and common carotid intima-media thickness and their annual absolute changes were calculated...
September 18, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923627/associations-among-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-levels-in-kidney-transplant-patients
#8
T Trakarnvanich, S Prommool, S Kurathong, T Teepprasan, Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease, even after renal transplantation. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) provides an indicator of arterial stiffness, whereas fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) levels may provide a biomarker for atherosclerotic disease. We investigated the association between CAVI and FGF-21 and their relationships to carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and other cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: This study included 90 renal transplant patients...
October 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923141/carotid-and-femoral-arterial-wall-distensibility-during-long-duration-spaceflight
#9
Philippe Arbeille, Romain Provost, Kathryn Zuj
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess changes in common carotid (CA) and superficial femoral (FA) arterial stiffness during long-duration spaceflight. METHODS: Ultrasound imaging was used to investigate the CA and FA of 10 astronauts preflight (PRE), on flight day 15 (FD15), after 4-5 mo (FD4-5m), and 4 d after return to Earth (R+4). Arterial wall properties were assessed through the calculation of strain, stiffness (β), pressure-strain elastic modulus (Ep), and distensibility (DI)...
October 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915687/features-and-risk-factors-of-carotid-atherosclerosis-in-a-population-with-high-stroke-incidence-in-china
#10
Yanqiu Zhang, Lingling Bai, Min Shi, Hongyan Lu, Yanan Wu, Jun Tu, Jingxian Ni, Jinghua Wang, Li Cao, Ping Lei, Xianjia Ning
Epidemiological studies have reported associations between traditional cardiovascular risk factors and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) or carotid plaque. However, definite risk factors at different phases of carotid atherosclerosis remain controversial. We aimed to explore risk factors and characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis at different stages in a low-income population with a high incidence of stroke in China. Between April 2014 and January 2015, we recruited 3789 stroke-free and cardiovascular disease-free residents aged ≥ 45 years...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915229/the-optimal-night-time-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-schedule-agreement-with-ambulatory-blood-pressure-and-association-with-organ-damage
#11
Anastasios Kollias, Emmanuel Andreadis, Gerasimos Agaliotis, George N Kolyvas, Apostolos Achimastos, George S Stergiou
OBJECTIVE: Night-time home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring has emerged as a feasible, reliable and low-cost alternative to ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring. This study evaluated the optimal schedule of night-time HBP monitoring in terms of agreement with night-time ABP and association with preclinical target-organ damage. METHODS: Untreated hypertensive adults were evaluated with ABP (24-h) and HBP monitoring (daytime: six days, duplicate morning and evening measurements; night-time: three nights, three-hourly automated measurements/night), and determination of left ventricular mass index, common carotid intima-media thickness and urinary albumin excretion...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912051/the-relationship-between-coronary-artery-disease-risk-factors-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-children
#12
Dan White, Rebecca Place, Timothy Michael, Eric Hoffman, Paul M Gordon, Paul Visich
OBJECTIVE: To determine the number of coronary artery disease risk factors and the individual coronary artery disease risk factors that have a negative influence on carotid intima-media thickness in children. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and nineteen children (mean age 10.51 ± 0.52 years; 51% female) participated. Each subject was assessed for carotid intima-media thickness, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), glucose, body mass index (BMI), and resting blood pressure...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910811/impact-of-age-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-conduit-artery-wall-thickness-role-of-the-shear-pattern
#13
Koichiro Tanahashi, Keisei Kosaki, Yuriko Sawano, Toru Yoshikawa, Kaname Tagawa, Hiroshi Kumagai, Nobuhiko Akazawa, Seiji Maeda
Hemodynamic shear stress is the frictional force of blood on the arterial wall. The shear pattern in the conduit artery affects the endothelium and may participate in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated the role of the shear pattern in age- and aerobic exercise-induced changes in conduit artery wall thickness via cross-sectional and interventional studies. In a cross-sectional study, we found that brachial shear rate patterns and brachial artery intima-media thickness (IMT) correlated with age...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Vascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910282/characterization-of-intravascular-cellular-activation-in-relationship-to-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-postmenopausal-women
#14
Muthuvel Jayachandran, Vesna D Garovic, Michelle M Mielke, Kent R Bailey, Brian D Lahr, Virginia M Miller
OBJECTIVE: Mechanisms and interactions among intravascular cells contributing to development of subclinical atherosclerosis are poorly understood. In women, both menopausal status and pregnancy history influence progression of atherosclerosis. This study examined activation and interactions among blood elements with subclinical atherosclerosis in menopausal women with known pregnancy histories. METHODS: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), as a marker of subclinical atherosclerosis, was measured using B-mode ultrasound in age- and parity-matched women [40 with and 40 without a history of preeclampsia] 35 years after the index pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904456/association-of-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-study-from-south-india
#15
Jaydip Ray Chauduri, K Rukmini Mridula, Matapathi Umamashesh, Banda Balaraju, V C S Srinivasarao Bandaru
BACKGROUND: Abnormal carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is a marker of carotid atherosclerosis which is a risk factor for cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Recent studies have found an association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency with abnormal carotid IMT. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the association of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with carotid IMT in Indian participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively recruited 300 participants at Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad, during the study period between January 2012 and December 2014...
July 2017: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904249/relationship-between-serum-uric-acid-and-vascular-function-and-structure-markers-and-gender-difference-in-a-real-world-population-of-china-from-beijing-vascular-disease-patients-evaluation-study-best-study
#16
Huan Liu, Jinbo Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
AIM: The study was done to establish the relationship between serum uric acid (UA) and vascular function and structure parameters including carotid femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV), carotid radial pulse wave velocity (CR-PWV), cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI), ankle brachial index (ABI), and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), and the gender difference in a real-world population from China. METHODS: A total of 979 subjects were enrolled (aged 60.86±11...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901415/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-on-inflammatory-cytokines-and-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#17
Fa Jin, Jiannan Liu, Xiuwei Zhang, Wei Cai, Yuqiong Zhang, Wei Zhang, Jian Yang, Gan Lu, Xilong Zhang
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is known to be a risk factor for atherosclerosis (AS), derived from a series of chronic inflammatory reactions caused by hypoxia. However, the association between chronic inflammation and high blood pressure caused by hypoxia remains to be fully elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy on inflammatory cytokines and AS. A total of 100 patients with OSAS and 50 healthy control subjects were enrolled...
August 30, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892255/does-cardiovascular-risk-vary-according-to-the-criteria-for-a-diagnosis-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Sedef Ramoglu, Tevfik Yoldemir, Kemal Atasayan, Dilek Gogas Yavuz
AIM: The risk of cardiovascular disease is higher in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) compared to healthy individuals. Chronic inflammation, insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, hyperlipidemia and increased oxidative stress are known to have a role in the formation of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate if cardiovascular risk varied according to different PCOS criteria, using carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), which is an important marker of major cardiovascular events in the later stages of life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891732/effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-hiv-infected-youth
#19
Allison Ross Eckard, Paolo Raggi, Mary Ann O'Riordan, Julia C Rosebush, Danielle Labbato, Ann Chahroudi, Joshua H Ruff, Christopher T Longenecker, Vin Tangpricha, Grace A McComsey
Viral suppression with combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) dramatically improves survival in HIV-infected individuals. Yet, this population has more age-related co-morbidities, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), and these co-morbidities occur at an earlier age than in the general population (1) . Similar to their adult counterparts, data show that HIV-infected youth are also at an increased risk of development of these HIV-related co-morbidities later in life, despite few clinical manifestations in younger age (2) ...
September 11, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889188/factors-associated-with-accelerated-subclinical-atherosclerosis-in-patients-with-spondyloarthritis-without-overt-cardiovascular-disease
#20
Alessandro Giollo, Andrea Dalbeni, Giovanni Cioffi, Federica Ognibeni, Davide Gatti, Luca Idolazzi, Giovanni Orsolini, Pietro Minuz, Maurizio Rossini, Cristiano Fava, Ombretta Viapiana
Data on the progression of atherosclerosis in spondyloarthritis (SpA) are scarce, despite a high burden of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of an accelerated subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with SpA. Study participants were 66 patients free of CVD classified according to ASAS criteria. The patients were evaluated at baseline and after 13.5 ± 3.6 months. Ultrasound measurements of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and distensibility coefficient (cDC) were used to assess the extent of subclinical atherosclerosis...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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