Read by QxMD icon Read

Chronic low backache

A K Kohat, Jayantee Kalita, S Ramanivas, Usha K Misra, R V Phadke
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently done for the evaluation of chronic low backache (CLBA), however, its significance in Indian patients has not been evaluated. We report here the MRI findings in patients with CLBA and their sensitivity and specificity with clinical evidence of radiculopathy and localized CLBA as well as correlate these with pain severity and disability. METHODS: Seventy two patients with CLBA aged 20-70 yr without trauma, infection, tumour, metastasis and vascular malformation were included in the study...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Sanghamitra Pati, Subhashisa Swain, Job Metsemakers, J André Knottnerus, Marjan van den Akker
Multimorbidity is increasingly the primary concern of healthcare systems globally with substantial implications for patient outcomes and resource cost. A critical knowledge gap exists as to the magnitude of multimorbidity in primary care practice in low and middle income countries with available information limited to prevalence. In India, primary care forms the bulk of the health care delivery being provided through both public (community health center) and private general practice setting. We undertook a study to identify multimorbidity patterns and relate these patterns to severity among primary care attendees in Odisha state of India...
2017: PloS One
Bhagya Ranjan Jena, Anil Paswan, Yashpal Singh, Sandeep Loha, Anil Prasad Singh, Virendra Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) is a minimally invasive target-selective technique that has been used with success for many years in the treatment of different pathologies, such as low back pain, trigeminal neuralgia, and others. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare different mode of RF - continuous RF (CRF) versus pulsed RF (PRF) along with steroid in the management of low back pain of discogenic origin. SETTING AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blind trial...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Saru Singh, Kulvinder Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Nayyamat Kaur, Pranav Bansal, Sanjeet Singh
CONTEXT AND AIM: The assessment of severity of low back pain includes subjective questionnaires to quantify the impact on routine life. The objective of current study was to correlate various quality of life (QOL) scores to the clinical outcome measured as improvement in Visual Analog Score (VAS) after interventional treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive chronic low backache patients were assessed for pain intensity using VAS, revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Quebec's, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), and depression score at presentation...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
V V Ramesh Chandra, B C M Prasad, C Krishna Mohan, T C Kalawat, V Satyanarayana, A Y Lakshmi
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is caused by a variety of conditions. When conventional imaging failed, single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) was superior to scintigraphy in identifying the pathology. Injection therapies are often helpful in treating the pathology. AIM: To determine the cause of chronic low backache in individuals with normal conventional imaging (radiographs, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging), to determine the specific pathology using scintigraphic studies and diagnostic blocks; and, to treat the individuals with various spinal injection techniques and determine their efficacy...
September 2016: Neurology India
Zahra Soltani, Fereydon Davatchi
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent histological type of malignant lymphomas (approximately 30% of cases). DLBCL is highly curable through chemotherapy. Rituximab in combination with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) chemotherapy as the most frequent of care for first - DLBCL therapy, improves long-term survival of patients effectively. CASE REPORT: A young female (25 years old) complained about pain in her right back for two years...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Roop Singh, Sushil Kumar Yadav, Sushma Sood, Rohtas Kumar Yadav, Ravi Rohilla
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the lumbar trunk parameters by MRI and investigate their association with chronic low backache. METHODS: Fifty patients (26 males and 24 females) with mean age 33.54 ± 8.33 years with a history of low back pain (LBP) of minimum 3 consecutive months constituted the study group (Group A). To match with the study group, 15 normal healthy volunteers (9 males and 6 females) with no history of back pain were selected (Group B)...
September 2016: European Spine Journal
I E Poverennova, I A Zolotovskaya
AIM: To study the impact of therapy with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as diclofenac, meloxicam, etoricoxib, and nimesulide, on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) changes in a short period (3 days), as well as the risk of acute transient ischemic attack, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, and acute cardiovascular events within 6 months after NSAID use. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The follow-up included 66 patients (34 women and 32 men) who took NSAIDs for emergent low back pain...
2015: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Vrinda Saraff, Wolfgang Högler
Osteoporosis in children can be primary or secondary due to chronic disease. Awareness among paediatricians is vital to identify patients at risk of developing osteoporosis. Previous fractures and backaches are clinical predictors, and low cortical thickness and low bone density are radiological predictors of fractures. Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a rare disease and should be managed in tertiary paediatric units with the necessary multidisciplinary expertise. Modern OI management focuses on functional outcomes rather than just improving bone mineral density...
December 2015: European Journal of Endocrinology
Asadullah Makhdoom, Zameer Hussain Tunio, Manzoor Saeed, Mohammad Ahmed Memon, Syed Muhammad Tahir, Shazia Awan, Ghulam Mustafa Qaim Khani, Pervaiz Anjum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of bone mass density with chronic backache. METHODS: The case-control observational study was conducted at Bone Mass Density Assessment Unit, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences Jamshoro from January 2011 to December 2013. Adult patients of either gender having chronic backache were studied alongside subjects without backache who served as the control group. Bone mass density of all patients was measured at the lumbar spine (L1-L4) and hip using a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan...
December 2014: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Ai-chun Liu, Yan-ying Liu, Yan Li, Li Zhang, Zhan-guo Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
Asghar Ali, Shahbaz Ali Khan, Ahsan Aurangzeb, Ehtisham Ahmed, Gohar Ali, Gul Muhammad, Shakir Mehmood
BACKGROUND: Low back pain with or without lower extremity pain is the most common problem among chronic pain disorders with significant economic, social, and health impact. This study was conducted to determine the frequency of lumbar disc herniation and its different levels, among patients with chronic backache. METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted in the department of Neurosurgery, Ayub Medical College Abbottabad from January 2011 to January 2013...
July 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
J Kalita, A K Kohat, U K Misra, S K Bhoi
BACKGROUND: There is no head on comparison of amitriptyline (AMT) and pregabalin (PG) in relieving pain and disability in chronic low backache (CLBA). This randomized controlled trial reports the efficacy and safety of AMT and PG in CLBA. METHODS: Patients with CLBA, 15-65 years of age without specific cause and significant neurological deficit were included. Severity of pain was assessed by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and disability by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)...
July 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Zeeshan B M Hameed, Sunil Bhaskara Pillai, Padmaraj Hegde, Bhat Shaila Talengala
We present a rare presentation of squamous cell carcinoma of the kidney with chronic low backache. The diagnosis of this uncommon tumour of the renal pelvis was achieved after incidentally detecting a large staghorn calculus, which on further imaging with contrast-enhanced CT of the abdomen and pelvis was suggestive of the features of renal tumour with sacral bone lesion. The rarity of this metastatic tumour, with its unusual presentation, is discussed.
2014: BMJ Case Reports
S Bidarkotimath, B V Murlimanju, K V N Dhananjaya
Spotted bone disease (osteopoikilosis) is a rare type of osteosclerotic dysplasia usually noticed as an incidental finding during routine radiological investigations. Here we report a case of a male patient who had chronic history of right wrist pain and low backache. His radiographs showed unique morphological features of the bones. The upper end of femora, pelvic bones showed multiple small discrete, round and oval, radiodense lesions which were symmetrical in distribution. The lesions were more obvious at the epiphysis and metaphysis...
2012: La Clinica Terapeutica
Steffi Kreuzfeld, Markus Preuss, Matthias Weippert, Regina Stoll
PURPOSE: Long-term unemployment has negative effects on both mental and physical health. In combination with an inactive lifestyle, it often leads to functional or constitutional limitations that make reemployment in the labor market difficult especially for older adults. The presented pilot study examined a 3-month-long interventional program for improving health of older, long-term unemployed persons with regard to its effectiveness and acceptance by the target group. METHODS: The low-threshold intervention was offered by a job training center that supports reemployment and was divided into lectures for enhancing the individual health competence and a supervised physical training part in a fitness center...
January 2013: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Ligia M Pereira, Karen Obara, Josilainne M Dias, Maryela O Menacho, Débora A Guariglia, Durcelina Schiavoni, Hugo M Pereira, Jefferson Rosa Cardoso
OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review with meta-analyses that evaluates the effectiveness of the Pilates method on the pain and functionality outcome in adults with non-specific chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed in the following databases: Medline, Embase, AMED, Cinahl, Lilacs, Scielo, SportDiscus, ProQuest, Web of Science, PEDro, Academic Search Premier and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1950 to 2011; the following keywords were used: 'Pilates', 'Pilates-based', 'back exercises', 'exercise therapy', 'low back pain', 'back pain' and 'backache'...
January 2012: Clinical Rehabilitation
Shahid Ahmed, Zahir Shah, Nadir Ali
A 38 years old man presented with 2 years history of low backache and progressively increasing stiffness of the spine. Movements were restricted at lumbar spine due to stiffness especially forward flexion was markedly reduced. He was suspected to be suffering from ankylosing spondylitis. There was no tenderness over sacroiliac joints or lumbar spine. Yellowish green Ochronotic pigmentation of cartilage of ears was noted. Radiographs of lumbar and thoracic spine revealed narrowing of inter-vertebral spaces with calcification of intervertebral discs...
August 2010: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Mukesh Sharma, P K Majumdar
Lifestyle diseases characterize those diseases whose occurrence is primarily based on the daily habits of people and are a result of an inappropriate relationship of people with their environment. The main factors contributing to lifestyle diseases include bad food habits, physical inactivity, wrong body posture, and disturbed biological clock. A report, jointly prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Economic Forum, says India will incur an accumulated loss of $236.6 billion by 2015 on account of unhealthy lifestyles and faulty diet...
December 2009: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
J Steurer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2010: Praxis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"