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Psychosocial problems

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433408/don-t-need-help-don-t-want-help-can-t-get-help-how-patients-with-brain-tumors-account-for-not-using-rehabilitation-psychosocial-and-community-services
#1
Danette Langbecker, Stuart Ekberg, Patsy Yates
OBJECTIVE: To understand why some adults with primary brain tumors do not use support services despite indications of a need for help. METHODS: Nineteen adults recently diagnosed with primary brain tumors participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis was used to identify recurrent ways participants explained their non-use of support services. RESULTS: Some patients indicated that they did not use support services as they did not need help, in particular reporting positive experiences relative to their expectations or to others, that their needs were met, or difficulties recognizing their needs...
April 14, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#2
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430718/trauma-collaborative-care-intervention-effect-on-surgeon-confidence-in-managing-psychosocial-complications-following-orthopaedic-trauma
#3
Stephen Wegener, Eben Carroll, Joshua Gary, Todd McKinley, Robert O'Toole, Debra Sietsema, Renan Castillo, Katherine Frey, Daniel Scharfstein, Yanjie Huang, Susan Collins, Ellen MacKenzie
OBJECTIVES: The impact of the Trauma Collaborative Care (TCC) program on surgeon confidence in managing the psychosocial sequelae of orthopaedic trauma was evaluated as part of a larger prospective, multisite, cluster clinical trial. We compared confidence and perceived resource availability among surgeons practicing in trauma centers that implemented the TCC program with orthopaedic trauma surgeons in similar trauma centers that did not implement the TCC. DESIGN: Prospective cohort design SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma Centers PARTICIPANTS:: Attending surgeons and Fellows...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429107/psychosocial-factors-at-work-and-sleep-problems-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-general-working-population-in-norway
#4
Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud
PURPOSE: A growing number of longitudinal studies report associations between adverse psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. However, the evidence regarding the direction of these associations and the effects of changes in exposure across time is limited. This study examined the plausibility of normal, reverse, and reciprocal associations between ten psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. In addition, we analyzed if reduced exposure across time had the anticipated result of reducing the risk of sleep problems...
April 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428761/effect-of-case-management-interventions-for-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Louise Penzenstadler, Ariella Machado, Gabriel Thorens, Daniele Zullino, Yasser Khazaal
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder (SUD) is an important health problem that requires a complex range of care because of the chronic nature of the disorder and the multiple psychosocial problems involved. Current outpatient programs often have difficulties in delivering and coordinating ongoing care and access to different health-care providers. Various case management (CM) models have been developed, first for patients in other psychiatric domains and then for patients with SUD, in order to improve treatment outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427720/income-inequality-in-the-united-states-and-its-potential-effect-on-oral-health
#6
Jamie Moeller, Rebecca Starkel, Carlos Quiñonez, Marko Vujicic
BACKGROUND: The authors explored the relationship between income inequality and self-reported oral health and oral health-related quality of life. METHODS: The authors used an online survey to gather data about US adults' perceptions of their overall oral health and how oral health affected their quality of life. The authors categorized respondents as coming from areas of low, medium, or high income inequality on the basis of a county-level Gini coefficient. RESULTS: Results of χ(2) tests and an analysis of variance indicated that there was a significant association between income inequality and oral health as measured by using the overall condition of the mouth and teeth, life satisfaction, and frequency of experiencing functional and social problems related to oral health...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424633/psychopathological-aspects-in-childhood-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hsct-the-perception-of-parents-and-adolescents
#7
Silvia Zanato, Annalisa Traverso, Marta Tremolada, Francesco Sinatora, Alessio Porreca, Giorgio Pozziani, Nicoletta Di Florio, Fabia Capello, Antonio Marzollo, Manuela Tumino, Chiara Cattelan, Giuseppe Basso, Chiara Messina
Background: Data about psychosocial sequelae of childhood Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) are limited and the association with a specific donor type or other medical factors is largely unknown (Chang et al., 2012). The aim of the present study was to compare the psychological aspects of pediatric HSCT survivors with healthy peers. A secondary aim was to detect whether parents and children differed in the perception of mental health status. The influence of medical factors on psychological status was also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#8
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424061/young-people-mental-health-practitioners-and-researchers-co-produce-a-transition-preparation-programme-to-improve-outcomes-and-experience-for-young-people-leaving-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-camhs
#9
Valerie Dunn
BACKGROUND: In the UK young people attending child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are required to move on, either through discharge or referral to an adult service, at age 17/18, a period of increased risk for onset of mental health problems and other complex psychosocial and physical changes. CAMHS transitions are often poorly managed with negative outcomes for young people. Better preparation may improve outcomes and experience. This study aimed to co-produce, with young people who had transitioned or were facing transition from CAMHS, a CAMHS Transition Preparation Programme (TPP), deliverable in routine NHS settings...
April 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421865/it-s-not-all-about-moral-reasoning-understanding-the-content-of-moral-case-deliberation
#10
Mia Svantesson, Marit Silén, Inger James
BACKGROUND: Moral Case Deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support described as a facilitator-led collective moral reasoning by healthcare professionals on a concrete moral question connected to their practice. Evaluation research is needed, but, as human interaction is difficult to standardise, there is a need to capture the content beyond moral reasoning. This allows for a better understanding of Moral Case Deliberation, which may contribute to further development of valid outcome criteria and stimulate the normative discussion of what Moral Case Deliberation should contain...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420349/grey-literature-in-systematic-reviews-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-contribution-of-non-english-reports-unpublished-studies-and-dissertations-to-the-results-of-meta-analyses-in-child-relevant-reviews
#11
Lisa Hartling, Robin Featherstone, Megan Nuspl, Kassi Shave, Donna M Dryden, Ben Vandermeer
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews (SRs) are an important source of information about healthcare interventions. A key component of a well-conducted SR is a comprehensive literature search. There is limited evidence on the contribution of non-English reports, unpublished studies, and dissertations and their impact on results of meta-analyses. METHODS: Our sample included SRs from three Cochrane Review Groups: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), Infectious Diseases (ID), Developmental Psychosocial and Learning Problems (DPLP) (n = 129)...
April 19, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420284/a-systematic-review-of-rehabilitation-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-depression-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#12
Caroline Baker, Linda Worrall, Miranda Rose, Kyla Hudson, Brooke Ryan, Leana O'Byrne
PURPOSE: Stepped psychological care is the delivery of routine assessment and interventions for psychological problems, including depression. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze and synthesize the evidence of rehabilitation interventions to prevent and treat depression in post-stroke aphasia and adapt the best evidence within a stepped psychological care framework. METHOD: Four databases were systematically searched up to March 2017: Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO and The Cochrane Library...
April 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419150/disparities-in-dialysis-allocation-an-audit-from-the-new-south-africa
#13
Kajiru G Kilonzo, Erika S W Jones, Ikechi G Okpechi, Nicola Wearne, Zunaid Barday, Charles R Swanepoel, Karen Yeates, Brian L Rayner
End Stage Kidney Disease (ESKD) is a public health problem with an enormous economic burden. In resource limited settings management of ESKD is often rationed. Racial and socio-economic inequalities in selecting candidates have been previously documented in South Africa. New guidelines for dialysis developed in the Western Cape have focused on prioritizing treatment. With this in mind we aimed at exploring whether the new guidelines would improve inequalities previously documented. A retrospective study of patients presented to the selection committee was conducted at Groote Schuur Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418984/anger-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-co-infected-with-hiv-and-hepatitis-c-virus-a-cross-sectional-study-anrs-co13-hepavih
#14
Fabienne Marcellin, Camelia Protopopescu, Laure Esterle, Linda Wittkop, Lionel Piroth, Hugues Aumaitre, Olivier Bouchaud, Cécile Goujard, Daniel Vittecoq, François Dabis, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, Bruno Spire, Perrine Roux, Maria P Carrieri
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to document the relationship between anger dimensions (state, trait, expression, and control) and quality of life (QoL) in patients co-infected with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study nested in the ANRS CO13-HEPAVIH French national cohort. Anger and QoL were assessed using self-administered questionnaires in 536 HIV-HCV-co-infected patients. Correlations between anger scores (STAXI-2 scale) and QoL scores (WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale) were assessed using Spearman's coefficients...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417255/lower-limb-pain-among-workers-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-fifth-european-working-conditions-survey
#15
Maria-Gabriela Garcia, Margaret Graf, Thomas Läubli
OBJECTIVE: Develop a model to predict the prevalence of lower limb pain using indicators of high workplace exposures based on the fifth European Working Conditions Survey, evaluate its impact and explore its significance for work-related health problems. METHOD: Cross-sectional interview data of 35,372 workers from 27 countries of the European Union in 2010 (EU27) were used to develop (20% sample) and validate (80% sample) a logistic regression model for lower limb pain...
April 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414474/abstinence-based-incentives-plus-parent-training-for-adolescent-alcohol-and-other-substance-misuse
#16
Catherine Stanger, Emily A Scherer, Steven F Babbin, Stacy R Ryan, Alan J Budney
The purpose of this study was to conduct a randomized test of clinic- and home-based incentives plus parent training for adolescent problem alcohol use. Adolescents (N = 75) with alcohol misuse, with or without other substance misuse, were enrolled. All youth received individual Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavior Therapy and weekly urine drug testing. The experimental condition (EXP) included Abstinence Incentives (clinic-based incentives for abstinence from all substances) plus weekly behavioral parent training that included a parent-delivered, abstinence-based, substance monitoring contract...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413439/family-reintegration-of-homeless-in-maputo-and-matola-a-descriptive-study
#17
Lídia Gouveia, Honório Massanganhe, Flávio Mandlate, Dirceu Mabunda, Wilza Fumo, Ana Olga Mocumbi, Jair de Jesus Mari
BACKGROUND: Homelessness is a global and local social problem with underestimated prevalence. It has been shown to increase the risk of mental illness, raising concerns from mental health providers about the need for effective interventions targeting this population. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to describe the mental health status of the homeless people in two urban setting in a low-income country, through using standardised clinical and socio-demographic assessments as well assessing potential predictors of family integration versus non-family integration among a group of homeless individuals receiving psychiatric and psychosocial treatment...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412922/abnormalities-in-kynurenine-pathway-metabolism-in-treatment-resistant-depression-and-suicidality-a-systematic-review
#18
Gianluca Serafini, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Laura Capobianco, Claudia Conigliaro, Federica Pittaluga, Martino Belvederi Murri, Alessandro Valchera, Domenico De Berardis, Maurizio Pompili, Daniel Lindqvist, Lena Brundin, Mario Amore
Treatment resistant depression (TRD) and suicidal behavior are among the most important public health problems and are commonly associated with significant disability and psychosocial impairment. Although there have been recent advances in identifying neurobiological correlates of these complex conditions, their pathophysiology still remains unclear. Although the recent advances concerning the neurobiological determinants underlying these complex conditions, their pathophysiology still remains unclear. Compared to non-suicidal subjects, higher mean concentrations of inflammatory mediators have been found in both the periphery and brain of individuals at risk for suicide...
April 13, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411144/management-of-sexuality-intimacy-and-menopause-symptoms-sims-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-expert-review
#19
REVIEW
Margaret Whicker, Jonathan Black, Gary Altwerger, Gulden Menderes, Jacqueline Feinberg, Elena Ratner
Issues of sexuality, intimacy, and early menopause significantly impact the quality of life of patients following the diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. These are undertreated problems. Successful treatment requires the provider's awareness of the problem, ability to identify it, and willingness to treat it. Unfortunately many providers do not address these issues in the pre-treatment or perioperative period. Furthermore, patients do not often alert their providers to their symptoms. While systemic hormone therapy may improve many of the issues, they are not appropriate for all patients given their action on estrogen receptors...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410857/measuring-participant-effort-in-a-depression-prevention-trial-who-engages-in-problem-solving-therapy
#20
Sarah T Stahl, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Stewart Anderson, Jordan F Karp, Ariel G Gildengers, Meryl A Butters, Charles F Reynolds
OBJECTIVE: To determine the acceptability of clinical interventions for depression prevention, identification of clinical characteristics associated with intervention engagement is needed. The purpose of this study is to describe levels and correlates of participant engagement in Problem Solving Therapy (PST) in adults 60 and older with subthreshold depression. METHODS: As part of a clinical trial to prevent depression among older adults with subthreshold depression, participants who were randomized to receive PST completed 6-8 sessions in which they learned skills to solve self-selected problems that were contributing to stress and reduced quality of life...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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