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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227723/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-of-cancer-care-ontario-guideline
#1
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227222/the-future-of-research-on-alcohol-related-disparities-across-u-s-racial-ethnic-groups-a-plan-of-attack
#2
Sarah E Zemore, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Nina Mulia, William C Kerr, Cindy L Ehlers, Won Kim Cook, Priscilla Martinez, Camillia Lui, Thomas K Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: Research suggests striking disparities in alcohol use, problems, and treatment across racial/ethnic groups in the United States. However, research on alcohol-related disparities affecting racial/ethnic minorities remains in its developmental stages. The current article aims to support future research in this growing field by highlighting some of the most important findings, questions, and approaches, focusing on psychosocial research. METHOD: This article advances seven research needs (i...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226494/how-does-routinely-delivered-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-gambling-disorder-compare-to-gold-standard-clinical-trial
#3
David P Smith, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Peter W Harvey, Malcolm W Battersby
Currently, it is unknown whether treatment outcomes derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for problem gamblers still hold when applied to patients seen in routine practice. Thus, data from an RCT of cognitive therapy versus exposure therapy for problem gambling versus patients of a gambling help service were compared. Assessments of problem gambling severity, psychosocial impairment, and alcohol use were undertaken at baseline and post-treatment and evaluated within a counterfactual framework...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220586/co-occurring-psychosocial-problems-and-multiple-sexual-partners-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-shanghai-china-a-syndemic-approach
#4
Zezhou Wang, Xu Zhao, Zhan Zhang, Mengyun Luo, Qiuming Shen, Yuanyuan Dong, Ying Wang, Yong Cai
We aimed to apply syndemic theory to verify the association and reinforcing effects between psychosocial problems and multiple sexual partners (MSP) of men who have sex with men (MSM) in Shanghai, China. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 547 MSM in Shanghai, China using a face-to-face survey. Sociodemographic and psychosocial data were collected, as well as information on MSP and condomless anal sex. In the 6 months prior to the survey, 54.3% of the MSM sample had had MSP. Univariate analysis showed that self-esteem, depression, loneliness, sexual compulsivity, and involuntary subordination (IS) were associated with MSP...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#5
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211576/development-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumor
#6
Stacey P Raj, Megan E Narad, Ralph Salloum, Amber Platt, Aimee Thompson, Katherine T Baum, Shari L Wade
PURPOSE: To develop A Survivor's Journey, a web-based psychosocial intervention for adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors of pediatric brain tumors (PBTs). METHODS: Stages of development included focus groups with five AYA survivors (ages 16-23 years) and six parents to identify needs and challenges, as well as surveys and interviews with clinical care providers at a survivorship clinic. RESULTS: Concerns reported by AYA survivors, parents, and providers were similar to those reported in the literature, including fatigue, memory deficits, poor mood, health concerns, and challenging peer relationships...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210494/systematic-review-of-aged-care-interventions-for-older-prisoners
#7
Bruce A Stevens, Rhonda Shaw, Peter Bewert, Mavis Salt, Rebecca Alexander, Brendan Loo Gee
OBJECTIVE: The care of older prisoners is a growing problem. This review examined aged care interventions in prisons. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines. A total of 1186 abstracts were screened for inclusion. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included. RESULTS: Two quantitative studies and five qualitative studies examined aged care interventions (n = 7)...
December 6, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210101/problems-of-dual-vulnerability-in-nutrition-a-qualitative-study-of-older-persons-caring-for-under-5-year-olds-in-post-disaster-haiti
#8
Stephanie Raybould, Thomas Ward, Renée Burnett, Logan Manikam, Mackentoch Tibe, Barry Munslow
SITUATION: Malnutrition plays a significant role in under-five mortality rates following disasters. Older people play an important role in childcare in non-Western societies, which often increases in displacement contexts. Until now, policy, in general, and nutrition programmes, in particular, have focused on the mother-child dyad. AIM: To gather information on possible barriers to older carers accessing nutritional services for the children they care for and explore ways to overcome these obstacles...
December 5, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208028/psychosocial-effects-of-infertility-among-couples-attending-st-michael-s-hospital-jachie-pramso-in-the-ashanti-region-of-ghana
#9
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Janet Opia Ope, Tee Ndele Barivure
OBJECTIVE: Infertility is a life crisis with a wide range of socio-cultural, emotional, physical and financial problems. This study sought to determine the psychosocial effects of infertility among couples attending St. Michael's hospital, Jachie-Pramso. A descriptive study design was adopted using a quantitative approach. A simple random technique was used to select 100 respondents and a structured closed ended questionnaire was administered to couples who visited the St. Michaels Hospital at Jachie-Pramso...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205057/gender-differences-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-explaining-body-image-dissatisfaction
#10
Inês A Trindade, Cláudia Ferreira, Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia
The aim of this study was to examine the role of body image problems in the context of inflammatory bowel disease and to explore gender differences in these associations. A sample of inflammatory bowel disease patients (60 males and 140 females) was collected. Findings from a multi-group analysis show that inflammatory bowel disease symptomatology may impact on body image in both male and female patients through the effect of body-image-related cognitive fusion. Body image difficulties in the context of inflammatory bowel disease should not be a neglected dimension in research aiming at understanding the psychosocial effects of inflammatory bowel disease and by health professionals working with these patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204785/quality-of-life-of-french-canadian-parents-raising-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-effects-of-psychosocial-factors
#11
Émilie Cappe, Nathalie Poirier, Carol Sankey, Andréa Belzil, Carmen Dionne
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the quality of life of parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder in Quebec. METHODS: Seventy-seven participants completed a questionnaire with socio-biographic information and five self-assessed scales, to measure perceived stress, social support and control, coping strategies, and quality of life. RESULTS: Perception of their child's autonomy level, of the severity of the disorder, of the family's income, as well as changes in their professional or familial organization influenced parents' quality of life...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201928/abnormal-pain-response-after-a-compensable-shoulder-injury
#12
Helen Razmjou, Dragana Boljanovic, Amr Elmaraghy, Iona Macritchie, Carolyn Roknic, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Background: The role of psychosocial factors has been established in patients with shoulder abnormalities. However, the prevalence of exaggerated pain behaviors and their association with the characteristics of injured workers have not been well studied. Purpose: To examine the prevalence of abnormal pain responses (APRs) in workers with active workers' compensation claims for a shoulder injury and to examine the differences between workers with APRs versus workers without APRs...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200525/mental-health-care-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#13
Stania Kamara, Anna Walder, Jennifer Duncan, Antoinet Kabbedijk, Peter Hughes, Andrew Muana
Problem: Reported levels of mental health and psychosocial problems rose during the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone. Approach: As part of the emergency response, existing plans to create mental health units within the existing hospital framework were brought forward. A nurse-led mental health and psychosocial support service, with an inpatient liaison service and an outpatient clinic, was set up at the largest government hospital in the country...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200329/medical-legal-partnerships-at-veterans-affairs-medical-centers-improved-housing-and-psychosocial-outcomes-for-vets
#14
Jack Tsai, Margaret Middleton, Jennifer Villegas, Cindy Johnson, Randye Retkin, Alison Seidman, Scott Sherman, Robert A Rosenheck
Medical-legal partnerships-collaborations between legal professionals and health care providers that help patients address civil legal problems that can affect health and well-being-have been implemented at several Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers to serve homeless and low-income veterans with mental illness. We describe the outcomes of veterans who accessed legal services at four partnership sites in Connecticut and New York in the period 2014-16. The partnerships served 950 veterans, who collectively had 1,384 legal issues; on average, the issues took 5...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199362/self-management-interventions-for-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#15
Lauren Boland, Kathleen Bennett, Deirdre Connolly
PURPOSE: Many cancer survivors experience problems with persisting symptoms such as pain, fatigue, anxiety and depression post-treatment. Self-management interventions are recommended for cancer patients as they can help individuals identify and manage these continuing symptoms. This systematic review examines the type, content and impact of self-management interventions for cancer survivors on health outcomes such as activity participation, self-efficacy, quality of life and symptom management...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198287/a-cross-sectional-examination-of-the-prevalence-of-psychotropic-medications-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-australian-long-term-care-facilities-issues-of-concern
#16
Mitchell McMaster, Elaine Fielding, David Lim, Wendy Moyle, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are a common problem in long-term care facilities (LTC). Clinical guidelines dictate that first-line treatments for BPSD are psychosocial and behavioral interventions; if these are unsuccessful, psychotropic medications may be trialed at low doses and their effects can be monitored. METHODS: There have previously been no studies with nationally representative samples to investigate psychotropic administration in LTCs in Australia...
December 4, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189431/psychosocial-outcomes-in-long-term-cochlear-implant-users
#17
Irina Castellanos, William G Kronenberger, David B Pisoni
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate psychosocial outcomes in a sample of prelingually deaf, early-implanted children, adolescents, and young adults who are long-term cochlear implant (CI) users and to examine the extent to which language and executive functioning predict psychosocial outcomes. DESIGN: Psychosocial outcomes were measured using two well-validated, parent-completed checklists: the Behavior Assessment System for Children and the Conduct Hyperactive Attention Problem Oppositional Symptom...
November 20, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188762/developmental-trajectories-of-child-sexual-behaviors-on-the-path-of-sexual-behavioral-problems-evidence-from-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#18
Patrick Lussier, Evan McCuish, Jeff Mathesius, Raymond Corrado, Danielle Nadeau
There is little information about the onset and the developmental course of child sexual behavior problems (SBPs), including sexually intrusive behaviors (SIBs). Using data from the Vancouver Longitudinal Study on the Psychosocial Development of Children, the current study examined the presence of distinct patterns of sexual development among children. A normative sample of preschoolers ( N = 354) with a small clinical subsample were followed from age 3 to 8 with repetitive measurements of sexual behaviors using a revised version of Child Sexual Behavior Inventory...
February 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188299/are-work-organization-interventions-effective-in-preventing-or-reducing-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Susan R Stock, Nektaria Nicolakakis, Nicole Vézina, Michel Vézina, Louis Gilbert, Alice Turcot, Hélène Sultan-Taïeb, Kathryn Sinden, Marie-Agnès Denis, Céline Delga, Clément Beaucage
Objectives We sought to determine whether interventions that target work organization or the psychosocial work environment are effective in preventing or reducing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) compared to usual work. Methods We systematically reviewed the 2000-2015 English and French language scientific literature, including studies evaluating the effectiveness of an organizational or psychosocial work intervention on incidence, prevalence or intensity of work-related musculoskeletal pain or disorders in the neck, shoulders, upper limbs and/or back or of work absence due to such problems, among non-sick-listed workers...
November 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185621/therapeutic-approach-and-its-relationship-with-social-and-economic-characteristics-of-users-of-centers-for-psychosocial-care-for-children-and-adolescents
#20
Ana Paula Soares Gondim, Ana Paula Pessoa Maciel, Mirian Parente Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the therapeutic approach and its relationship with the economic and social characteristics and the care of children in Centers for Psychosocial Attention. METHODS: Descriptive study with a sample of 294 children monitored in two Centers for Psychosocial Attention to Children and Adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Northeast Brazil. The study was conducted from February to December, 2012. Participants were accompanied by their parents or caregivers...
October 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
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