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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324701/stress-reactivity-and-its-effects-on-subsequent-food-intake-in-depressed-and-healthy-women-with-and-without-adverse-childhood-experiences
#1
Katja Wingenfeld, Linn K Kuehl, Anita Boeker, Katharina Schultebraucks, Kristin Ritter, Julian Hellmann-Regen, Christian Otte, Carsten Spitzer
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder (MDD) and obesity or metabolic syndrome in adulthood. In addition, ACE may be associated with an exaggerated endocrine response to stress, which, in turn, may lead to enhanced food intake resulting in obesity and metabolic problems. METHODS: We systematically examined the stress response and consecutive food intake in 32 women with MDD and ACE as determined by a clinical interview (Early Trauma Inventory), 52 women with MDD without ACE, 22 women with ACE but no current or lifetime MDD and 37 healthy women without either MDD or ACE...
March 12, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318909/-female-urinary-incontinence-an-update
#2
C González-Ruiz de León, M L Pérez-Haro, A Jalón-Monzón, J García-Rodríguez
The urinary incontinence is a highly prevalent symptom in the adult female population. It has important psychosocial and economic connotations, and affects the quality of life of these patients. As it is an under-diagnosed problem due to patients not always consulting for it, it is very important to keep this in mind and to provide an opportunistic screening from Primary Health Care. It is difficult to determine the costs of this, but it is estimated to be the 2% of the health budget. Because of all of this, it is very important to know how to make a correct diagnose of this condition, to determine the different types of incontinence, possible causes, and treatments available...
March 16, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315630/risk-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-in-early-postpartum-period-and-after-puerperium-are-they-the-same
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: Correlation between the occurrence of postnatal depressive symptoms at 5 days and 6 weeks postpartum is well established. The objective of the study was to determine the influence of psychosocial and perinatal factors on the occurrence of postpartum depressive symptoms 2 to 5 days and 6 weeks after delivery. METHODS: 373 women in early postpartum (EPG) and 107 women 6 weeks after delivery (late postpartum group - LPG) completed a questionnaire including questions concerning mothers' characteristics, obstetric and neonatal complications during pregnancy, psychiatric factors and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)...
November 19, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314908/anatomy-and-aesthetics-of-the-labia-minora-the-ideal-vulva
#4
REVIEW
C Clerico, A Larry, A Mojallal, F Boucher
Female genital cosmetic surgery is becoming more and more widespread both in the field of plastic and gynaecological surgery. The increased demand for vulvar surgery is spurred by the belief that the vulva is abnormal in appearance. What is normal in terms of labial anatomy? Labia minora enlargement or hypertrophy remains a clinical diagnosis which is poorly defined as it could be considered a variation of the normal anatomy. Enlarged labia minora can cause functional, aesthetic and psychosocial problems. In reality, given the wide variety of vulvar morphology among people, it is a very subjective issue to define the "normal" vulva...
March 10, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314227/reliability-and-validity-of-chinese-version-of-perceived-deficits-questionnaire-for-depression-in-patients-with-mdd
#5
Chuan Shi, Gang Wang, Feng Tian, Xiaolei Han, Sha Sha, Xiaomeng Xing, Xin Yu
Although cognitive symptoms are prevalent and negatively affect psychosocial functioning, they are not commonly assessed in clinical practice, particularly in China. Perceived Deficits Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) provides a subjective measure of cognitive dysfunction. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of Chinese version of PDQ-D in patients with MDD. The study sample comprised of 129 patients with MDD and 128 community volunteers. All patients with MDD were assessed with PDQ-D, Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), Work Productivity and Activity Impairment: Specific Health Problem (WPAI-SPH), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9), and Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST)...
March 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302034/co-morbid-erectile-dysfunction-ed-and-antidepressant-treatment-in-a-patient-a-management-challenge
#6
Maszaidi Zainol, Hatta Sidi, Jaya Kumar, Srijit Das, Shaiful Ismail, Muhammad Hizri Hatta, Najwa Baharudin, Arun Ravindran
Across the globe, antidepressants (AD) and phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5i) are commonly prescribed psychopharmacological agents for patients with co-morbid mental-health problem and sexual dysfunction (SD). The serotonergic and/or noradrenergic ADs, although is an effective agent are not without SD side-effects, especially erectile dysfunction (ED). ED is an inability to achieve, or maintain an erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse during the phases of male's sexual arousal. It is recognized as an important reason why non-adherence to treatment was observed in patients who are on AD...
March 15, 2017: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301846/programming-of-the-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-by-very-preterm-birth
#7
Martijn J J Finken, Bibian van der Voorn, Jonneke J Hollanders, Charlotte A Ruys, Marita de Waard, Johannes B van Goudoever, Joost Rotteveel
BACKGROUND: Many very preterm (i.e., <32 weeks of gestation) newborns fail to mount an adequate adrenocortical response to stress or illness, termed relative adrenal insufficiency. Conversely, later in life these infants show features of increased glucocorticoid bioactivity, such as abdominal adiposity, insulin resistance, raised blood pressure, shorter stature and internalizing problem behavior. SUMMARY: Studies suggested that very preterm newborns have impairments along multiple levels of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300654/the-cumulative-impact-of-health-adversities-on-children-s-later-academic-achievement
#8
Jon Quach, Cattram Nguyen, Meredith O'Connor, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the accumulation of physical, psychosocial and combined health adversities measured at age 8-9 years predicts worsening of academic scores cross-sectionally at 8-9 and longitudinally at 10-11 years. METHODS: Design: Longitudinal data from Waves 3 and 4 in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (83% of 4983 retained). Exposures (8-9 years): Physical health adversities (yes/no; summed range 0-5): overweight, special health care needs, chronic illness, PedsQL Physical, global health...
March 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300484/factors-associated-with-general-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-transition-among-women-from-serbia
#9
Jelena Dotlic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Sanja Radovanovic, Biljana Rancic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Tatjana Gazibara
This study assessed factors associated with quality of life (QOL) among Serbian peri- and postmenopausal women using two menopause-specific scales. This cross-sectional study included 500 women aged 40-65 years who had a gynecologic check-up in one of two Community Health Centers in Belgrade during February 2014 to January 2015. Women completed: a questionnaire about socio-demographics, habits and health status; a menopause-specific questionnaire, Utian's Quality of Life Scale (UQOL); a Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) and Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI)...
March 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299948/how-to-conduct-research-on-overdiagnosis-a-keynote-paper-from-the-egprn-may-2016-tel-aviv
#10
John Brodersen
Overdiagnosis is a growing problem worldwide. Overdiagnosis is the diagnosis of deviations, abnormalities, risk factors, and pathologies that in themselves would never cause symptoms (this applies only to risk factors and pathology), would never lead to morbidity, and would never be the cause of death. Overdiagnosis is often misinterpreted as overutilization or overtreatment. Overutilization, overtreatment, and overdiagnosis are interrelated but three distinct topics. Overutilization (establishment of standard practice that does not provide net benefit) does not have to lead to overdiagnosis or overtreatment, but the risk exists...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295843/anxiety-sensitivity-and-cannabis-use-related-problems-the-impact-of-race
#11
Kimberlye E Dean, Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cannabis is the most widely used illicit substance among young adults. Anxiety sensitivity (AS; ie, fear of anxiety-related symptoms) is positively related to coping motives for cannabis use (which are robustly positively linked to cannabis-related problems). However, AS is unrelated to cannabis use-related problems. Yet, extant studies have been conducted on primarily White samples. It may be that among Black students, AS-physical concerns (ie, fear of physical anxiety-related sensations) are related to cannabis problems given that Black individuals are more likely than White individuals to report experiencing greater and more intense somatic symptoms when experiencing anxiety...
March 11, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292409/therapeutic-options-to-treat-pediatric-obesity
#12
REVIEW
Allen F Browne
Obesity in children and adolescents is a severe health, psychosocial, and economic problem. Treatment of obesity should be based on the physiology, biochemistry, and genetics of the disease. Treatment is designed to prevent the comorbidities of obesity and allow a healthy, high-quality, and productive life. Treatment is based on healthy living and usually involves tools such as pharmacotherapy, medical device therapy, and bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is not acceptable to most patients, parents, primary care providers, and payers...
April 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288407/therapeutic-relationship-in-the-treatment-of-geriatric-depression-with-executive-dysfunction
#13
Ryan A Mace, David A Gansler, Michael K Suvak, Carla M Gabris, Patricia A Areán, Patrick J Raue, George S Alexopoulos
BACKGROUND: The effects of therapeutic relationship (TR) in elder mental health are understudied. A greater understanding of TR in geriatric psychotherapy is particularly needed for treating late-life depression with executive dysfunction, which predicts poor response to antidepressant medication and presents unique clinical challenges. METHODS: Participants were older patients (N = 220) with major depression and executive dysfunction who received 12 weeks of problem-solving therapy or supportive therapy in a randomized control trial...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287828/testing-multiple-conceptualizations-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-youth
#14
Thomas H Ollendick, Jordan A Booker, Sarah Ryan, Ross W Greene
Recent theories conceptualize oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as a two-dimensional construct with angry/irritable (i.e., affective) and argumentative/defiant (i.e., behavioral) components. This view has been supported by studies of nonreferred youth but not yet examined in clinic-referred youth. In a reanalysis of data regarding children who received one of two psychosocial ODD treatments, we examined multiple conceptualizations of ODD, whether children showed improvements across these ODD dimensions, and whether main and joint effects of ODD dimension improvement predicted clinical outcome...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286548/the-link-between-infant-regulatory-problems-temperament-traits-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-children-s-psychopathological-symptoms-at-age-three-a-longitudinal-study-in-a-german-at-risk-sample
#15
Anna Sidor, Cristina Fischer, Manfred Cierpka
BACKGROUND: Difficult conditions during childhood can limit an individual's development in many ways. Factors such as being raised in an at-risk family, child temperamental traits or maternal traits can potentially influence a child's later behaviour. The present study investigated the extent of regulatory problems in 6-month-old infants and their link to temperamental traits and impact on externalizing and internalizing problems at 36 months. Moderating effects of maternal distress and maternal depressive symptoms were tested as well...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286370/interaction-between-prenatal-maternal-stress-and-autonomic-arousal-in-predicting-conduct-problems-and-psychopathic-traits-in-children
#16
Yu Gao, Yonglin Huang, Xiaobo Li
BACKGROUND: Evidence has suggested that neurobiological deficits combine with psychosocial risk factors to impact on the development of antisocial behavior. The current study concentrated on the interplay of prenatal maternal stress and autonomic arousal in predicting antisocial behavior and psychopathic traits. METHODS: Prenatal maternal stress was assessed by caregiver's retrospective report, and resting heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) were measured in 295 8- to 10-year-old children...
March 2017: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285751/androgen-treatment-effects-on-motor-function-cognition-and-behavior-in-boys-with-klinefelter-syndrome
#17
Judith L Ross, Harvey Kushner, Karen Kowal, Martha Bardsley, Shanlee Davis, Allan L Reiss, Nicole Tartaglia, David Roeltgen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of early low-dose androgen on motor, cognitive, and behavioral function in prepubertal boys with Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY). STUDY DESIGN: Double-blind trial of 84 boys, ages 4-12 years, randomized to oxandrolone (Ox; 0.06 mg/kg daily; n = 43) or placebo (Pl; n = 41) for 24 months. Standardized assessments were performed at baseline and every 12 months for 24 months evaluating motor, cognitive, and behavioral function...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285579/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-fall-events-among-older-african-americans
#18
Emily Joy Nicklett, Robert Joseph Taylor, Ola Rostant, Kimson E Johnson, Linnea Evans
This study identifies risk and protective factors for falls among older, community-dwelling African Americans. Drawing upon the biopsychosocial perspective, we conducted a series of sex- and age-adjusted multinomial logistic regression analyses to identify the correlates of fall events among older African Americans. Our sample consisted of 1,442 community-dwelling African Americans aged 65 and older, participating in the 2010-2012 rounds of the Health and Retirement Study. Biophysical characteristics associated with greater relative risk of experiencing single and/or multiple falls included greater functional limitations, poorer self-rated health, poorer self-rated vision, chronic illnesses (high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, lung disease, heart problems, stroke, and arthritis), greater chronic illness comorbidity, older age, and female sex...
April 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#19
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283835/a-developmental-approach-to-dimensional-expression-of-psychopathology-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder
#20
María Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Celso Arango, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Elena de la Serna, Ana Espliego, Vanessa Sanchez-Gistau, Soledad Romero, Immaculada Baeza, Gisela Sugranyes, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
The aim of this is to describe psychopathology, functioning and symptom dimensions accounting for subthreshold manifestations and developmental status in child and adolescent offspring of parents with bipolar disorder ("high-risk offspring"). The study population comprised 90 high-risk offspring (HR-offspring) and 107 offspring of community control parents (CC-offspring). Direct clinical observations and parental and offspring reports based on selected standardized clinical scales were used to assess offspring threshold and subthreshold diagnoses, symptoms and functioning...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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