keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Psychosocial problems

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526087/a-multimodal-day-treatment-program-for-multi-problem-young-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marie-Jolette A Luijks, Floor Bevaart, Josjan Zijlmans, Laura van Duin, Reshmi Marhe, Theo A H Doreleijers, Henning Tiemeier, Jessica J Asscher, Arne Popma
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions for young adults with severe, multiple problems - such as psychosocial and psychiatric problems, delinquency, unemployment and substance use - are scarce but urgently needed in order to support an adequate transition to adulthood. A multimodal day treatment program called "New Opportunities" (in Dutch: "De Nieuwe Kans"; DNK) was specifically developed to target multi-problem young adults in The Netherlands. The aim of this study protocol is to describe the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in clinical practice to examine the effectiveness of DNK in comparison with care as usual (CAU)...
May 19, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523259/effect-of-group-counseling-on-quality-of-life-among-postmenopausal-women-in-hamadan-iran
#2
Parisa Parsa, Roya Ahmainia Tabesh, Farzaneh Soltani, Manoochehr Karami
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling on quality of life (QOL) in postmenopausal women conducted in Hamadan, Iran in 2015. METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, 80 postmenopausal women were randomly selected and allocated to case and control groups (40 per group). Data collection tool included questionnaires of demographic information and QOL during menopause, which were completed by the samples before the intervention. In the case group, training program was run during four sessions in the form of weekly consulting sessions for 45 to 60 minutes...
April 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521554/social-factors-predictive-of-social-integration-for-adults-with-brain-injury
#3
Elisabeth Batchos, Amanda Easton, Christopher Haak, Nicole Ditchman
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) may not only struggle with physical and cognitive impairments, but may also face challenges reintegrating into the community socially. Research has demonstrated that following ABI, individuals' social networks tend to dwindle, support may decline, and isolation increases. This study examined factors impacting social integration in a community-based sample of 102 individuals with ABI. METHODS: Potential predictors included emotional support, instrumental support, problem solving confidence, and approach-avoidance style (AAS) of problem solving, while controlling for age, gender, education, and time since injury...
May 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516750/quality-of-life-of-sga-children-with-short-stature-receiving-gh-treatment-in-japan
#4
Ryo Takahashi, Madoka Ogawa, Hisao Osada
The objective of this study was to compare the quality of life (QOL) of small for gestational age (SGA) children with short stature with that of children with normal height, and examine the effects of growth hormone (GH) treatment on the QOL of the SGA children using questionnaires administered to their parents or guardians. The results showed that QOL in daily living of SGA children with short stature was lower than that of normal children based on the perceptions of their parents or guardians. In addition, GH treatment improved the physical domain of QOL of SGA children with short stature...
March 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514511/experiences-of-xerostomia-after-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#5
Nan Jiang, Yue Zhao, Henrik Jansson, Xiaocen Chen, Jan Mårtensson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the experiences of radiation-induced xerostomia in patients with head and neck cancer. BACKGROUND: Xerostomia is the most commonly occurring complication during and following radiotherapy. It can persist for several months or years and can have a significant impact on patients' quality of life. DESIGN: This was a qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of twenty participants...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513195/binge-drinking-health-impact-prevalence-correlates-and-interventions
#6
Emmanuel Kuntsche, Sandra Kuntsche, Johannes Thrul, Gerhard Gmel
OBJECTIVE: Binge drinking (also called heavy episodic drinking, risky single-occasion drinking etc.) is a major public health problem. This paper provides an overview of recently published evidence concerning the definition and measurement, prevalence rates, health impact, demographic and psychosocial correlates of, and interventions for, binge drinking. DESIGN: Narrative review. RESULTS: Mostly occurring among young people at weekends, binge drinking increases the risk of both acute (e...
May 17, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512360/bullying-behavior-and-mental-health-in-healthcare-and-educational-sectors-in-kaunas-lithuania
#7
Lina Bernotaite, Vilija Malinauskiene, Palmira Leisyte
BACKGROUND: Investigations on workplace bullying in the countries of Eastern Europe are yet not too extensive. The aim of the study has been to identify the most frequent bullying behavior and to explore the associations with psychological distress and post-traumatic stress symptoms in 3 female-dominated occupations in Kaunas, Lithuania. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This crosssectional study employed 517 teachers (response rate (RR) = 71.3%), 174 family physicians (RR = 65...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511827/psychosomatic-aspects-of-vitiligo
#8
Felipe Cupertino, João Paulo Niemeyer-Corbellini, Marcia Ramos-E-Silva
Vitiligo is a chronic common skin disease. The asymptomatic hypopigmented cutaneous lesions are considered by many health care professionals as a cosmetic problem only; however, vitiligo can have a major psychosocial impact on patients' lives. We review some of the factors responsible for this impact, such as the general public's wrong perception of the disease, feelings and emotional responses from patients, how stressful events can act as triggers of the disease, stigmatization experiences suffered by the patients, the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, the effects on relationships and sex life, how quality of life in adults and children is impaired, and how treatment can improve it...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511727/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-moderator-of-psychosocial-outcomes-following-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Emily A Meadows, Keith Owen Yeates, Kenneth H Rubin, H Gerry Taylor, Erin D Bigler, Maureen Dennis, Cynthia A Gerhardt, Kathryn Vannatta, Terry Stancin, Kristen R Hoskinson
OBJECTIVES: The current study examines whether psychosocial outcomes following pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) vary as a function of children's rejection sensitivity (RS), defined as their disposition to be hypersensitive to cues of rejection from peers. METHODS: Children ages 8-13 with a history of severe TBI (STBI, n=16), complicated mild/moderate TBI (n=35), or orthopedic injury (OI, n=49) completed measures assessing self-esteem and RS on average 3.28 years post-injury (SD=1...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511676/physical-therapists-and-importance-of-work-participation-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-focus-group-study
#10
Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria Wg Nijhuis van-der Sanden, Yvonne F Heerkens
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and physical health. Potentially, generalist physical therapists (GPTs) can play an important role in reducing absenteeism, presenteeism and associated costs in patients with musculoskeletal disorders. However, work participation is often insufficiently addressed within generalist physical therapy practice (GPTP)...
May 16, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509617/intergenerational-transmission-of-traumatization-theoretical-framework-and-implications-for-prevention
#11
Ariel J Lang, Maria A Gartstein
Intergenerational transmission of traumatization (ITT) occurs when traumatized parents have offspring with increased risk for emotional and behavioral problems. Although fetal exposure to the maternal biological milieu is known to be one factor in ITT, PTSD-driven parent-child interactions represent an additional important and potentially modifiable contributor. The Perinatal Interactional Model of ITT presented herein proposes that PTSD leads to social learning and suboptimal parent-child interactions, which undermine child regulatory capacity and increase distress, largely explaining poor social-emotional outcomes for offspring of parents with PTSD...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508735/sleep-problems-in-breast-cancer-survivors-1-10-years-posttreatment
#12
Amy E Lowery-Allison, Steven D Passik, Matthew R Cribbet, Ruth A Reinsel, Barbara O'Sullivan, Larry Norton, Kenneth L Kirsh, Neil B Kavey
OBJECTIVE: Sleep can affect quality of life (QoL) during cancer survivorship, and symptoms related to poor sleep can be exacerbated. We examined the prevalence, severity, and nature of subjective sleep complaints in women surviving stage I-III breast cancer who were 1-10 years posttreatment. We also examined the demographic, medical, physical, and psychosocial correlates of poor sleep in these women in order to identify the subgroups that may be most in need of intervention. METHOD: A total of 200 patients at a comprehensive cancer center who were 1-10 years posttreatment for primary stage I-III breast cancer with no evidence of disease at the time of enrollment completed a battery of questionnaires on demographics, sleep, physical symptoms, mood, cancer-specific fears, and QoL...
May 16, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506618/the-ptz-kindling-mouse-model-of-epilepsy-exhibits-exploratory-drive-deficits-and-aberrant-vta-dopamine-neuron-activity-in-both-familiar-and-novel-space
#13
Mahboubeh Ahmadi, Jean-Philippe Dufour, Erich Seifritz, Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Bechara J Saab
Recurrent seizures that define epilepsy are often accompanied by psychosocial problems and cognitive deficits with incompletely understood aetiology. We therefore used the pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) kindling model of epilepsy in mice to examine potential seizure-associated neuropathologies, focusing on motivation, memory and novel-environment-induced activation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. In addition to recurrent seizures, we found that PTZ kindling led to a strong suppression of novelty-driven exploration while largely sparing fear-driven exploration...
May 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506295/gender-specific-predictors-of-at-risk-adolescents-hazardous-alcohol-use-a-cohort-study
#14
Camilla Jalling, Tobias H Elgán, Anders Tengström, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Previous research has found strong associations between adolescents' hazardous alcohol use and their perception of peer behavior, as well as own spending money and a range of antisocial behaviors. However, there is insufficient evidence of gender-specific predictors among adolescents with elevated antisocial behavior and alcohol use to design effective selective interventions. The aims of this study were to test short-term predictors of Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) and risk-use of alcohol among 12-18-year-old females and males with elevated externalizing and delinquent behavior, and alcohol use...
May 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504485/emotional-exhaustion-is-associated-with-work-related-stressors-a-cross-sectional-multicenter-study-in-malaysian-public-hospitals
#15
Erwin J Khoo, Sami Aldubai, Kurubaran Ganasegeran, Bernice Xe Lee, Nurul A Zakaria, Kah K Tan
INTRODUCTION: Emotional exhaustion is an important component of burnout. Burnout is common among doctors. It affects the physical and mental health of doctors, their performance and the quality of care they provide. This study aimed to investigate the level and factors associated with emotional exhaustion among doctors in pediatric practice in Malaysia. POPULATION AND METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was used in this multicenter cross-sectional study. It included questions on the socio-demographics, work characteristics, Emotional Exhaustion, Perceived Stress Scale and sources of job stress...
June 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503529/regular-physical-education-class-enhances-sociality-and-physical-fitness-while-reducing-psychological-problems-in-children-of-multicultural-families
#16
Jae-Wan Park, Seong-Hwan Park, Chang-Mo Koo, Denny Eun, Kang-Ho Kim, Chan-Bok Lee, Joung-Hyun Ham, Jeong-Hoon Jang, Yong-Seok Jee
This study investigated the influence of physical education class (PEC) as an intervention method for aggression, sociality, stress, and physical fitness levels in children from multicultural families. The hypothesis was that participating in PEC would result in reduced aggression and stress and improved sociality and physical fitness in multicultural children. A three-item questionnaire, a body composition test, and physical fitness tests were given three times. Eighty-four subjects were divided into four groups: multicultural children who participated in PEC (multi-PEG, n=12), multicultural children who did not participate in PEC (multi-NPEG, n=13), single-cultural children who participated in PEC (sing-PEG, n=11), and single-cultural children who did not participate in PEC (sing-NPEG, n=12), respectively...
April 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500384/associations-between-social-vulnerabilities-and-psychosocial-problems-in-european-children-results-from-the-idefics-study
#17
Isabel Iguacel, Nathalie Michels, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Karin Bammann, Stefaan De Henauw, Regina Felső, Wencke Gwozdz, Monica Hunsberger, Lucia Reisch, Paola Russo, Michael Tornaritis, Barbara Franziska Thumann, Toomas Veidebaum, Claudia Börnhorst, Luis A Moreno
The effect of socioeconomic inequalities on children's mental health remains unclear. This study aims to explore the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between social vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems, and the association between accumulation of vulnerabilities and psychosocial problems. 5987 children aged 2-9 years from eight European countries were assessed at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Two different instruments were employed to assess children's psychosocial problems: the KINDL (Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents) was used to evaluate children's well-being and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to evaluate children's internalising problems...
May 12, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499315/-usual-care-for-panic-disorder-with-without-agoraphobia-in-primary-care
#18
Michael Sommer, Thomas S Hiller, Jörg Breitbart, Nico Schneider, Tobias Teismann, Antje Freytag, Jochen Gensichen
Objective To describe therapy as usual (TAU) for panic disorder with/without agoraphobia (PDA) in primary care. Method Written survey of 38 general practitioners (GPs) who provided TAU to 189 patients with PDA as part of an interventional study. Data were analyzed descriptively. Results The most common TAU-interventions were: exploration of psychosocial problems (83 %), recommendation not to avoid anxiety-provoking stimuli (72 %), prescription of SSRIs (62 %). Common reasons for referrals were various psychiatric comorbidities and treatment-refractory anxiety (77 %)...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498730/exploring-the-association-of-maternal-adverse-childhood-experiences-with-maternal-health-and-child-behavior-following-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Nina Fredland, Judith McFarlane, Lene Symes, John Maddoux
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been empirically linked to a host of negative health outcomes, both physical and psychosocial. Exposures to ACEs make individuals more susceptible to conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancers, and depression. Many of these conditions do not appear until sometime in adolescence or adulthood and have been linked to premature death. OBJECTIVE: This study explores the association between the number and type of exposure to ACEs in women (mothers) who experienced intimate partner violence and health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497699/humanitarian-space-and-well-being-effectiveness-of-training-on-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-host-community-refugee-interaction
#20
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Rebecca S Hock, Lindsey Parnarouskis, David C Henderson, Gregory L Fricchione
Social and fieldworkers face enormous challenges in assisting millions of Syrian refugees in Lebanon since the Syrian war in 2011. We sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted version of the SMART-3RP (Stress Management Relaxation Response Resilience Training) training to address the emotional and physical burden on the humanitarian field. Data were collected using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), blood pressure, pulse and a brief qualitative survey at months 0, 3, 6 and 9. We compared mean SCL-90 scores and physiological measures from these time points and subjected qualitative data to a thematic analysis...
May 12, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
keyword
keyword
19785
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"