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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075137/high-prevalence-of-pain-among-adult-hiv-infected-patients-at-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#1
Abere Woretaw Azagew, Hiwot Kassa Woreta, Ambaye Dejen Tilahun, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS are pressing global health problems. Pain is a common symptom reported by patients living with HIV/AIDS. The exact cause of pain in HIV patients has not been thoroughly described, but it may, due to a symptom of HIV itself, result from opportunistic infections, as a side effect of antiretroviral drugs, concurrent neoplasia or other causes. In addition, pain perception of HIV-infected patients is highly variable and may vary based on cultural context and patient demographics...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071584/childhood-brucellosis-in-eastern-india
#2
Devarati Dutta, Anindita Sen, Debkishore Gupta, Prabir Kuila, Debasmita Chatterjee, Sugat Sanyal, Satadal Das
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of childhood brucellosis presenting as PUO (pyrexia of unknown origin) cases in Eastern zone of India. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from PUO patients aged ≤18 y. The main diagnostic tools were STAT, RBPT, ELISA- IgM, IgG and PCR. Although mainly PUO cases were selected for the study, other associated clinical manifestations were also noted. RESULTS: The findings revealed significantly higher percentage of infection in female children (14...
October 26, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067982/clinical-significance-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-chronic-low-backache
#3
A K Kohat, Jayantee Kalita, S Ramanivas, Usha K Misra, R V Phadke
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is frequently done for the evaluation of chronic low backache (CLBA), however, its significance in Indian patients has not been evaluated. We report here the MRI findings in patients with CLBA and their sensitivity and specificity with clinical evidence of radiculopathy and localized CLBA as well as correlate these with pain severity and disability. METHODS: Seventy two patients with CLBA aged 20-70 yr without trauma, infection, tumour, metastasis and vascular malformation were included in the study...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020101/productivity-cost-due-to-postpartum-ill-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#4
Nuwan Darshana Wickramasinghe, Jennifer Horton, Ishani Darshika, Kaushila Dinithi Galgamuwa, Wasantha Pradeep Ranasinghe, Thilini Chanchala Agampodi, Suneth Buddhika Agampodi
OBJECTIVE: Even though postpartum morbidity continues to cause high disease burden in maternal morbidity and mortality across the globe, the literature pertaining to resultant productivity loss is scarce. Hence, the present study aimed at determining the productivity loss and associated cost of episodes of postpartum ill health. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted in two Medical Officer of Heath areas in the Anuradhapura district, Sri Lanka in 2011, among 407 women residing in Anuradhapura district with an infant aged between 8 to 24 weeks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968228/efficacy-of-kinesiotape-on-functional-disability-of-women-with-postnatal-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Eman A Mohamed, Fayiz F El-Shamy, Hany Hamed
BACKGROUND: Postpartum low back pain harmfully affects all parts of women's life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of kinesiotape on women with postnatal backache. METHODS: Thirty participants were randomly allocated to either group (A; n= 15), treated by kinesiotape with exercise program, or the group (B; n= 15), treated by exercise program. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Back Pain Function Scale (BPFS) were evaluated.at baseline and after 2 weeks of intervention...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951964/ct-guided-minimally-invasive-treatment-for-an-extensive-spinal-epidural-abscess-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Bing Ran, XinRong Chen, Qiong Zhong, Min Fu, Jun Wei
PURPOSE: We present a case involving an extensive epidural abscess that was successfully treated with computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous needle drainage and systemic antibiotic therapy. METHODS: A 44-year-old woman with a history of spine injection procedures complained of severe backache and progressive radiating pain in her right lower extremity followed by sensory deficits in her right lower limb. A laboratory examination revealed leukocytosis and hyperglycemia...
September 22, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934797/percutaneous-endoscopic-debridement-and-drainage-with-four-different-approach-methods-for-the-treatment-of-spinal-infection
#7
Eun-Ji Choi, Su-Young Kim, Hyuck-Goo Kim, Hong-Sik Shon, Tae-Kyun Kim, Kyung-Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: The incidence of spinal infection seems to be increasing in recent years. Percutaneous endoscopic debridement and drainage (PEDD) has become an effective alternative to extensive open surgery. OBJECTIVE: This study reviewed the charter of patients who received PEDD using 4 different approach methods to evaluate the clinical results. STUDY DESIGN: An Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved retrospective chart review. SETTING: University hospital inpatient referred to our pain clinic...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928574/impact-of-different-approaches-of-epidural-steroid-injection-on-outcome-of-patients-treated-for-low-backache
#8
Sukhdeep Kaur, Ruchi Gupta, Saru Singh, Raj Kumar, Kulvinder Singh
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of epidural steroid injections through different approaches using pain relief and improvement in functional capacity as outcome measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with low backache and unilateral radiculopathy were randomly assigned to three groups of twenty patients each, for undergoing lumbar epidural steroid injection (LESI) through midline, transforaminal, and paramedian approaches under fluoroscopic guidance...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910309/pattern-and-severity-of-multimorbidity-among-patients-attending-primary-care-settings-in-odisha-india
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sanghamitra Pati, Subhashisa Swain, Job Metsemakers, J André Knottnerus, Marjan van den Akker
Multimorbidity is increasingly the primary concern of healthcare systems globally with substantial implications for patient outcomes and resource cost. A critical knowledge gap exists as to the magnitude of multimorbidity in primary care practice in low and middle income countries with available information limited to prevalence. In India, primary care forms the bulk of the health care delivery being provided through both public (community health center) and private general practice setting. We undertook a study to identify multimorbidity patterns and relate these patterns to severity among primary care attendees in Odisha state of India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900452/postpartum-home-care-and-its-effects-on-mothers-health-a-clinical-trial
#10
Hourieh Shamshiri Milani, Parastoo Amiri, Maryam Mohseny, Alireza Abadi, Seyyed Mohammadreza Vaziri, Marjan Vejdani
BACKGROUND: Postpartum home care plays an important role in prevention of postpartum complications. Regular visits of mothers during this period are imperative. This study aimed to provide postpartum home care for mothers to assess its effects on mothers' health in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in two phases. First, a comprehensive postpartum home care program was compiled by performing a comparative study, using the available guidelines in this regard in different countries and based on the opinions of the experts...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861315/renal-angiomyoadenomatous-tumour
#11
P S Jayalakshmy, Merin Jose, M Feroze, Rajesh K Kumar
Renal angiomyoadenomatous tumour is a newly described rare neoplasm. This tumour is characterised microscopically by admixture of three components- epithelial cells arranged in tubules and nests, angiomyomatous stroma and capillary sized interconnecting vascular channels in close association with the epithelial cell clusters. Microscopically it has wide range of differential diagnoses which include mixed epithelial and stromal tumour of kidney, angiomyolipoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma with angiomyolipomatous/angiomyoadenomatous areas...
September 2017: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837110/phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-traditional-uses-of-plants-from-the-genus-trachelospermum-l
#12
REVIEW
Zefeng Zhao, Xirui He, Yuhui Zhao, Ying Sun, Xufei Chen, Ye Cun, Linhong Huang, Yajun Bai, Xiaohui Zheng
This paper is intended to review advances in the botanical, phytochemical, traditional uses and pharmacological studies of the genus Trachelospermum. Until now, 138 chemical constituents have been isolated and characterized from these plants, particularly from T. asiaticum and T. jasminoides. Among these compounds, lignans, triterpenoids, and flavonoids are the major bioactive constituents. Studies have shown that plants from the genus Trachelospermum exhibit an extensive range of pharmacological properties both in vivo and in vitro, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antitumor, antiviral and antibacterial activities...
August 24, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832546/self-rated-health-status-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-a-sample-of-schoolchildren-from-bogot%C3%A3-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#13
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Carolina Silva-Moreno, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Katherine González-Ruíz, Daniel Humberto Prieto-Benavides, Emilio Villa-González, Antonio García-Hermoso
To evaluate the relationship between Self-Rated Health (SRH) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in a sample of children and adolescents enrolled in official schools in Bogotá, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was performed with 7402 children and adolescents between 9 and 17 years of age. Participants were asked to rate their health based on eight validated questions, addressing the participants propensity for headache, stomach-ache, backache, feeling-low, irritability/bad mood, nervousness, sleeping-difficulties, and dizziness...
August 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820152/back-pain-in-ophthalmology-national-survey-of-indian-ophthalmologists
#14
Ramesh Venkatesh, Sumit Kumar
PURPOSE: The aim is to assess the prevalence, severity, and associations of back pain among Indian ophthalmologists. METHODS: A self-reporting questionnaire was sent to ophthalmologists with valid e-mail addresses registered with the All India Ophthalmological Society. The survey was open for responses for 2 months. RESULTS: A total of 651 (5.96%) responses were obtained; 394 (61%) males and 257 (39%) females. Half (50%) of responses were obtained from doctors belonging to 31-40 years' age group...
August 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761502/psychiatric-disorders-in-low-backache-patients-a-neurosurgeon-s-nightmare
#15
COMMENT
Ashish Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755481/a-comparison-of-the-incidence-of-post-dural-puncture-headache-and-backache-after-spinal-anesthesia-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Jeong Sil Choi, Sun Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Although bed rest is recommended after spinal anesthesia to prevent the occurrence of post-dural puncture headache, current literature suggests that periods of bed rest did not prevent headache as well as increase the risk of other complications such as backache. However, information is scarce regarding an appropriate period of bed rest following a dural puncture. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of post-dural puncture headache and backache after different periods of bed rest following spinal anesthesia...
July 29, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727717/percutaneous-vertebroplasty-for-primary-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-of-the-thoracic-spine-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Pu Jia, JinJun Li, Hao Chen, Li Bao, Fei Feng, Hai Tang
Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the vertebra is rare in the spine of the elderly. The clinical presentation and radiological features are unspecific, which make it more difficult for diagnosis. We report a case of a 79-year-old woman complaining of serious backache without any injury. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed invasion of the fifth thoracic vertebra with the posterior vertebral body wall defect. There was a high suspicion that the patient had a metastatic tumor of the vertebra. A percutaneous vertebroplasty was performed under fluoroscopic guidance, which was used to treat the osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture, vertebral metastases, verte-bral hemangioma, and multiple myeloma...
July 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724597/multifocal-septic-arthritis-gluteal-abscess-and-spondylodiscitis-by-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-after-an-intramuscular-injection
#18
Rita Marques Pocinho, Liliana Antunes, Pedro Pires, Isabel Baptista
We present the case of a 63-year-old man, admitted for hand cellulitis and acute kidney injury. A Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp equisimilis (SDSE) was isolated in blood cultures and despite directed intravenous antibiotherapy, the patient evolved unfavourably, with dorsolumbar spondylodiscitis, multifocal septic arthritis and abscesses. CT also showed densification of the gluteal muscles, multiple air bubbles in the psoas, paraspinal muscles and spinal canal that were associated with an intramuscular injection administered 1 week earlier for a backache...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698418/-reconstruction-of-anterior-mitral-leaflet-using-fresh-autologous-pericardial-patch-for-active-infective-endocarditis-report-of-a-case
#19
Hideaki Kanda, Tamahiro Kinjo, Yosuke Hisashi
Several reports have described that the prognosis of patients with mitral valve regurgitation due to active infective endocarditis (IE) is better after mitral valve plasty (MVP) than replacement (MVR). However, extensive destruction of valve tissue might cause difficulties with MVP. We repaired a widely-affected anterior mitral leaflet (AML) using an autologous pericardial patch. A 44-year-old woman with mitral regurgitation presented with prolonged fever and backache. We made a diagnosis of active IE accompanied by mitral valve regurgitation...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680207/rectal-carcinoma-metastases-to-multiple-skeletal-muscles-role-of-f-18-fdg-pet-ct
#20
Meghana Prabhu, Sunil Hejjaji Venkataramarao Nalini Raju, Hemant Sachani
Rectal carcinoma with metastasis to skeletal muscle is rare. So far, 16 cases of skeletal muscle metastasis from colorectal carcinoma have been documented of which only 5 were rectal carcinomas.([1]) We discuss here the case of a 69-year old male, a known case of mucinous adenocarcinoma status post neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and abdomino perineal resection, who presented with low backache 4 months post surgery. He was found to have metastasis to multiple skeletal muscles without the involvement of common sites, such as liver and lung...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
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