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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445454/body-composition-at-birth-and-its-relationship-with-neonatal-anthropometric-ratios-the-newborn-body-composition-study-of-the-intergrowth-21st-project
#1
José Villar, Fabien A Puglia, Tanis R Fenton, L Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines-Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Peter Sullivan, Fernando C Barros, Ann Lambert, Aris T Papageorghiou, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Douglas G Altman, Alison J Noble, Michael G Gravett, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ricardo Uauy, Stephen H Kennedy, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: We aimed to describe newborn body composition and identify which anthropometric ratio (weight/length; BMI; or ponderal index, PI) best predicts fat mass (FM) and fat-free mass (FFM). METHODS: Air-displacement plethysmography (PEA POD) was used to estimate FM, FFM and body fat percentage (BF%). Associations between FFM, FM and BF% and weight/length, BMI and PI were evaluated in 1,019 newborns using multivariate regression analysis. Charts for FM, FFM and BF% were generated using a prescriptive sub-sample (n=247)...
April 26, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441919/si-based-technologies-for-reduction-of-the-pollutant-leaching-from-landfills-and-mine-tails
#2
E Bocharnikova, V Matichenkov, J Jiang, C Yuejin
Monosilicic and polysilicic acids were shown to react with different types of the pollutants. The direction of these reactions can be managed by changing the monosilicic and polysilicic acid concentration in soil or water media. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Si-treated calcium metallurgical slag and battery slag on the As, Se, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cr, and Hg mobility and bioavailability in mine tailings (Xikuangshan mine, Hunan, China). The results of column experiment showed that the Si-activated slags reduced leaching of As, Se, Cd, Pb, Ni, Cr, and Hg by 12 to 88% and transformed them into plant-unavailable forms...
April 25, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441744/production-of-laccase-by-a-new-myrothecium-verrucaria-md-r-16-isolated-from-pigeon-pea-cajanus-cajan-l-millsp-and-its-application-on-dye-decolorization
#3
Jiao Sun, Na Guo, Li-Li Niu, Qing-Fang Wang, Yu-Ping Zang, Yuan-Gang Zu, Yu-Jie Fu
The present study was conducted to screen a laccase-producing fungal endophyte, optimize fermentation conditions, and evaluate the decolorization ability of the laccase. A new fungal endophyte capable of laccase-producing was firstly isolated from pigeon pea and identified as Myrothecium verrucaria based on a ITS-rRNA sequences analysis. Meanwhile, various fermentation parameters on the laccase production were optimized via response surface methodology (RSM). The optimal fermentation conditions were a fermentation time of five days, temperature 30 °C and pH 6...
April 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441038/phytoextraction-of-nitrogen-and-phosphorus-by-crops-grown-in-a-heavily-manured-dark-brown-chernozem-under-contrasting-soil-moisture-conditions
#4
Ikechukwu Agomoh, Xiying Hao, Francis Zvomuya
Repeated uptake of excess nutrients by crops in soils with a long history of manure application may be a viable option for reducing the nutrient levels. In this greenhouse study, we examined the effectiveness of six 40-day cycles of barley, canola, corn, oat, pea, soybean, and triticale, all grown under two moisture regimes (100% and 50% soil field capacity, SFC), at extracting nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from a Dark Brown Chernozem that had received 180 Mg ha(-1) (wet wt.) of beef cattle feedlot manure annually for 38 years...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438615/clinicopathological-immunohistochemical-and-mutational-analyses-of-pulmonary-enteric-adenocarcinoma-usefulness-of-satb2-and-%C3%AE-catenin-immunostaining-for-differentiation-from-metastatic-colorectal-carcinoma
#5
Jun Matsushima, Takuya Yazawa, Masaki Suzuki, Yoko Takahashi, Satoshi Ota, Takahiro Nakajima, Ichiro Yoshino, Tomoyuki Yokose, Toru Inoue, Kunimitsu Kawahara, Yukio Nakatani
Pulmonary enteric adenocarcinoma (PEA) is a rare variant of pulmonary adenocarcinoma; it is sometimes difficult to discriminate between PEA and metastatic colorectal carcinoma (MCRC) because of their morphological and immunohistochemical resemblance. Here, we conducted clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, and mutational analyses of PEA with special focus on its differentiation from MCRC. We comparatively analyzed eight surgically resected PEA tumors (7 patients) and 20 cases of MCRC. Patients were aged 43-77years (average age, 64...
April 21, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434263/plant-protein-based-hydrophobic-fine-and-ultrafine-carrier-particles-in-drug-delivery-systems
#6
Hedieh Malekzad, Hamed Mirshekari, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, S M Moosavi Basri, Fazel Baniasadi, Maryam Sharifi Aghdam, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
For thousands of years, plants and their products have been used as the mainstay of medicinal therapy. In recent years, besides attempts to isolate the active ingredients of medicinal plants, other new applications of plant products, such as their use to prepare drug delivery vehicles, have been discovered. Nanobiotechnology is a branch of pharmacology that can provide new approaches for drug delivery by the preparation of biocompatible carrier nanoparticles (NPs). In this article, we review recent studies with four important plant proteins that have been used as carriers for targeted delivery of drugs and genes...
April 24, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433743/the-antibiotic-polymyxin-b-exhibits-novel-antifungal-activity-against-fusarium-species
#7
Li-Hang Hsu, Hsuan-Fu Wang, Pei-Lun Sun, Fung-Rong Hu, Ying-Lien Chen
The genus Fusarium comprises many species, including Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium solani, Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium verticillioides, and causes severe infections in plants and humans. In clinical settings, Fusarium is the third most frequent mould to cause invasive fungal infections after Aspergillus and the Mucorales. Fusarium solani and F. oxysporum are the most prevalent Fusarium spp. causing clinical disease. However, few effective antifungal drugs are available to treat human and plant Fusarium infections...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429996/are-athletes-doping-related-attitudes-predicted-by-their-perceptions-of-coaches-confrontation-efficacy
#8
Philip Sullivan, Parmida Razavi
BACKGROUND: The coaching process is complex and dynamic. Coaches are known to affect athlete attitudes indirectly, through athletes' perceptions and interpretations. This process has been verified with a variety of ethical behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the relationships between athletes' perceived doping confrontation efficacy of their coaches and athlete's anti-doping attitudes. METHODS: A sample of athletes (N = 96) completed a version of the Doping Confrontation Efficacy Scale that was modified to assess their perception of their coaches' anti-doping confrontation efficacy, and the PEAS (Performance Enhancing Attitude Scale), which assessed their performance-enhancing attitudes...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426745/objective-classification-of-zonular-weakness-based-on-lens-movement-at-the-start-of-capsulorhexis
#9
Saori Yaguchi, Shigeo Yaguchi, Yukari Yagi-Yaguchi, Tadahiko Kozawa, Hiroko Bissen-Miyajima
PURPOSE: To quantify zonular weakness based on lens movement at the start of continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) and establish a classification system for it. SETTING: Kozawa Eye Hospital and Diabetes Center, Mito, Japan. DESIGN: Retrospective interventional case series. METHODS: We examined 402 consecutive eyes of 316 patients who underwent CCC, phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA), and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426258/improvements-in-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survival-from-1998-to-2013
#10
Yutaka Yamaguchi, Jeff A Woodin, Koichiro Gibo, Dana M Zive, Mohamud R Daya
OBJECTIVES: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains a major public health burden. Aggregate OHCA survival to hospital discharge has reportedly remained unchanged at 7.6% for almost 30 years from 1970 to 2008. We examined the trends in adult OHCA survival over a 16-year period from 1998 to 2013 within a single EMS agency. METHODS: Observational cohort study of adult OHCA patients treated by Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue (TVF&R) from 1998 to 2013. This is an ALS first response fire agency that maintains an active Utstein style cardiac arrest registry and serves a population of approximately 450,000 in 9 incorporated cities in Oregon...
April 20, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421088/non-host-resistance-dna-damage-is-associated-with-sa-signaling-for-induction-of-pr-genes-and-contributes-to-the-growth-suppression-of-a-pea-pathogen-on-pea-endocarp-tissue
#11
Lee A Hadwiger, Kiwamu Tanaka
Salicylic acid (SA) has been reported to induce plant defense responses. The transcriptions of defense genes that are responsible for a given plant's resistance to an array of plant pathogens are activated in a process called non-host resistance. Biotic signals capable of carrying out the activation of pathogenesis-related (PR) genes in pea tissue include fungal DNase and chitosan, two components released from Fusarium solani spores that are known to target host DNA. Recent reports indicate that SA also has a physical affinity for DNA...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420670/confirmed-early-myocardial-rupture-in-a-patient-with-pulseless-electrical-activity-pea-following-late-presentation-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#12
Baskar Sekar, Joe Martins, Sanjiv Petkar
A 69 year old male, an ex-smoker, was admitted with ongoing chest pain of 11 hours duration. Past medical history included treated hypertension and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. He delayed seeking medical attention as he assumed the pain to be due to indigestion and kept taking antacids without much symptomatic relief. Clinical examination on arrival was unremarkable. Admission 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was diagnostic of a recent anterolateral myocardial infarction (MI) (Figure 1a). Bedside trans-thoracic echocardiogram (TTE) confirmed an established anterolateral MI (Video 1, Figure 1b)...
April 18, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419737/a-10-year-experience-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-tdm-of-linezolid-in-a-hospital-wide-population-of-patients-receiving-conventional-dosing-is-there-enough-evidence-for-suggesting-tdm-in-the-majority-of-patients
#13
Federico Pea, Pier Giorgio Cojutti, Massimo Baraldo
A retrospective study was conducted to assess our 10-year experience of therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of linezolid in a large patient population to establish whether conventional dosing may result in adequate drug exposure in the majority of patients. Patients included in this study underwent TDM of linezolid trough concentration (Cmin ) during treatment with conventional doses of 600 mg every 12 hr in the period between January 2007 and June 2016. The desired range of Cmin was set between 2 and 7 mg/L (under-exposure, Cmin < 2 mg/L; over-exposure, Cmin > 7 mg/L)...
April 17, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416038/the-effects-of-fermentation-and-enzymatic-treatment-of-pea-on-nutrient-digestibility-and-growth-performance-of-broilers
#14
F Goodarzi Boroojeni, M Senz, K Kozłowski, D Boros, M Wisniewska, D Rose, K Männer, J Zentek
The present study examined the impacts of native, fermented or enzymatically treated peas (Pisum sativum L.) inclusion in broiler diets, on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. For the fermentation process, Madonna pea was mixed with water (1/1) containing 2.57×108 Bacillus subtilis (GalliPro®) spores/kg pea and then, incubated for 48 h at 30 °C. For the enzymatic treatment process, the used water for dough production contained three enzymes, AlphaGalTM (α-galactosidase), RONOZYME® ProAct and VP (protease and pectinases respectively - DSM, Switzerland) and the pea dough incubated for 24 h at 30°C...
April 18, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413782/apmicrodb-a-microsatellite-database-of-acyrthosiphon-pisum
#15
Ritika Bishnoi, Deepak Singla
Pea aphids represent a complex genetic system that could be used for QTL analysis, genetic diversity and population genetics studies. Here, we described the development of first microsatellite repeat database of the pea aphid (APMicroDB), accessible at "http://deepaklab.com/aphidmicrodb". We identified 3,40,233 SSRs using MIcroSAtellite (MISA) tool that was distributed in 14,067 (out of 23,924) scaffold of the pea aphid. We observed 89.53% simple repeats of which 73.41% were mono-nucleotide, followed by di-nucleotide repeats...
June 2017: Genomics Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411065/modifying-the-physicochemical-properties-of-pea-protein-by-ph-shifting-and-ultrasound-combined-treatments
#16
Shanshan Jiang, Junzhou Ding, Juan Andrade, Taha M Rababah, Ali Almajwal, Mahmoud M Abulmeaty, Hao Feng
The effect of a pH-shifting and ultrasound combined process on the functional properties and structure of pea protein isolate (PPI) was investigated. PPI dispersions were adjusted to pH 2, 4, 10, or 12, treated by power ultrasound for 5min, and incubated for 1h before the sample pH was brought back to neutral. After treatment, water solubility, protein aggregate size, solution turbidity, surface hydrophobicity (Ho), free sulfhydryl content (SH), and sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) of the soluble PPI were determined...
March 28, 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408208/establishing-alighting-preferences-and-species-transmission-differences-for-pea-seed-borne-mosaic-virus-aphid-vectors
#17
B S Congdon, B A Coutts, M Renton, G R Flematti, R A C Jones
Pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV) infection causes a serious disease of field pea (Pisum sativum) crops worldwide. The PSbMV transmission efficiencies of five aphid species previously found landing in south-west Australian pea crops in which PSbMV was spreading were studied. With plants of susceptible pea cv. Kaspa, the transmission efficiencies of Aphis craccivora, Myzus persicae, Acyrthosiphon kondoi and Rhopalosiphum padi were 27%, 26%, 6% and 3%, respectively. Lipaphis erysimi did not transmit PSbMV in these experiments...
April 11, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407944/clean-up-and-matrix-effect-in-lc-ms-ms-analysis-of-food-of-plant-origin-for-high-polar-herbicides
#18
Piotr Kaczyński
This study reports an innovative and sensitive procedure for analysis of difficult high polar herbicides (HPH) in diverse foods of plant origin. The QuPPe (Quick Polar Pesticides) method followed by determination by LC-MS/MS was modified. Chromatographic conditions, extraction, clean-up, and matrix effect were studied. Several liquid chromatography stationary and mobile phases were evaluated, and it was found that hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) gives good retention and sensitivity. An acidified methanol-water mixture was used as an effective extraction solvent of eleven HPH...
September 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403589/the-efficacy-of-an-association-of-palmitoylethanolamide-and-alpha-lipoic-acid-in-patients-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Bruno Giammusso, Rosaria Di Mauro, Renato Bernardini
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is a complex condition, characterized by uncertain etiology and by limited response to therapy. The definition of CP/CPPS includes genitourinary pain with or without voiding symptoms in the absence of uropathogenic bacteria, as detected by standard microbiological methods, or another identifiable cause such as malignancy. The efficacy of various medical therapies, has been evaluated in clinical studies, but evidence is lacking or conflicting...
March 31, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401263/mutational-and-biochemical-findings-in-adults-with-persistent-hypophosphatasemia
#20
F E McKiernan, J Dong, R L Berg, E Scotty, P Mundt, L Larson, I Rai
A majority of adults with persistently low serum alkaline phosphatase values carry a pathogenic or likely pathogenic variant in the ALPL gene and also have elevated alkaline phosphatase substrate values in serum and urine. These adults may fall within the spectrum of the adult form of hypophosphatasia. INTRODUCTION: The primary objective of this study was to determine what proportion of adults with persistently low serum alkaline phosphatase values (hypophosphatasemia) harbor mutations in the ALPL gene or have elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) substrates...
April 12, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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