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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915096/universal-contact-precautions-do-not-change-the-prevalence-of-antibiotic-resistant-organisms-in-a-tertiary-burn-unit
#1
Adelyn L Ho, Reid Chambers, Claudia Malic, Anthony Papp
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of antibiotic-resistant organisms (ARO) in burn units is increasing worldwide and contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Study aims are to describe the burden of AROs in burn patients admitted to a tertiary burn unit, to evaluate the impact of contact precautions implemented after an outbreak of antibiotic-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, and to identify possible predictors of ARO acquisition. METHODS: Data of burn inpatients between 2006 and 2010 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 30, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915094/clinical-features-associated-with-ctnnb1-de-novo-loss-of-function-mutations-in-ten-individuals
#2
Mira Kharbanda, Daniela T Pilz, Susan Tomkins, Kate Chandler, Anand Saggar, Alan Fryer, Victoria McKay, Pedro Louro, Jill Clayton Smith, John Burn, Usha Kini, Anna De Burca, David R FitzPatrick, Esther Kinning, D D D Study
Loss of function mutations in CTNNB1 have been reported in individuals with intellectual disability [MIM #615075] associated with peripheral spasticity, microcephaly and central hypotonia, suggesting a recognisable phenotype associated with haploinsufficiency for this gene. Trio based whole exome sequencing via the Deciphering Developmental Disorders (DDD) study has identified eleven further individuals with de novo loss of function mutations in CTNNB1. Here we report detailed phenotypic information on ten of these...
November 30, 2016: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914792/corrigendum-to-characterising-dark-net-marketplace-purchasers-in-a-sample-of-regular-psychostimulant-users-international-journal-of-drug-policy-35-2016-32-37
#3
Joe Van Buskirk, Amanda Roxburgh, Raimondo Bruno, Sundresan Naicker, Simon Lenton, Rachel Sutherland, Elizabeth Whittaker, Natasha Sindicich, Allison Matthews, Kerryn Butler, Lucinda Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914642/chemical-and-physical-properties-of-biomass-burning-aerosols-and-their-ccn-activity-a-case-study-in-beijing-china
#4
Zhijun Wu, Jing Zheng, Yu Wang, Dongjie Shang, Zhoufei Du, Yuanhang Zhang, Min Hu
Biomass burning emits large amounts of both trace gases and particles into the atmosphere. It plays a profound role in regional air quality and climate change. In the present study, an intensive campaign was carried out at an urban site in Beijing, China, in June 2014, which covered the winter wheat harvest season over the North China Plain (NCP). Meanwhile, two evident biomass-burning events were observed. A clear burst in ultrafine particles (below 100nm in diameter, PM1) and subsequent particle growth took place during the events...
November 30, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914180/burned-out-testis-tumors-in-asymptomatic-infertile-men-multiparametric-sonography-and-mri-findings
#5
Laurence Rocher, Ludivine Glas, Marie France Bellin, Sophie Ferlicot, Vincent Izard, Gerard Benoit, Laurence Albiges, Karim Fizazi, Jean-Michel Correas
Multiparametric testicular ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were analyzed in a series of 10 infertile asymptomatic men presenting with pathologically confirmed burned-out testicular tumors. Color/power Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), shear wave elastography (SWE), contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), and MRI were performed on 10, 5, 6, and 7 patients, respectively. All lesions appeared as a hypoechoic and hypovascular nodular area at CDUS, SWE, CEUS CDUS, and CEUS (if performed). Shear wave elastography showed a stiffer nodular area compared with the surrounding/contralateral tissues (13 versus 2 kPa); MRI revealed a well-delineated nodular area in hypointense signal on T2, a high apparent diffusion coefficient value, and a lack of enhancement...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914026/limbal-stem-cell-and-oral-mucosal-epithelial-transplantation-from-ex-vivo-cultivation-in-lscd-induced-rabbits-histology-and-immunologic-study-of-the-transplant-epithelial-sheet
#6
Napaporn Tananuvat, Kanokkan Bumroongkit, Chainarong Tocharusa, Umnat Mevatee, Aphisek Kongkaew, Somsanguan Ausayakhun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of cultivated limbal epithelial and oral mucosal epithelial transplantation (CLET and COMET) in limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD)-induced rabbit model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six New Zealand white rabbits were divided into two groups of three rabbits each. Limbal tissue was harvested from the first group, and oral mucosal biopsy was obtained from the second group. The tissues were cultured using an explant technique with amniotic membrane as a substrate and co-culture with the 3T3 fibroblast and air-lifting method...
December 2, 2016: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913957/chemical-characterization-of-rainwater-at-a-high-altitude-site-nainital-in-the-central-himalayas-india
#7
Deewan Singh Bisht, A K Srivastava, H Joshi, K Ram, N Singh, M Naja, M K Srivastava, S Tiwari
The present study investigates the chemical composition of rainwater (RW) from a high-altitude site "Nainital" (1958 m above msl) in the central Himalaya region, to understand the influence of local, regional, and long-range transport of pollutants. A total of 55 (2 in pre-monsoon and 53 in monsoon) RW samples were collected during the study period (June-September 2012) and were analyzed for major anions and cations using an ion chromatograph. The pH of precipitation events ranged from 4.95 to 6.50 (average 5...
December 2, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913795/prevalence-of-sti-symptoms-and-high-levels-of-stigma-in-sti-healthcare-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania-a-respondent-driven-sampling-study
#8
Michael W Ross, Markus Larsson, Joyce E Nyoni, Anette Agardh
Symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), whether they are presented for treatment or diagnosis, and how they are received by the clinician where they are presented, may be concomitants of stigma associated with homosexuality in homophobic climates. We analyzed respondent-driven sampling data from a study on 200 young men who have sex with men (MSM) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to examine sample prevalence, treatment and clinician response to 10 symptoms potentially associated with STIs. Survey measures included 10 self-reported STI symptoms, further specified according to location (genital, anal, oral), further specified according to place of diagnosis, place of, treatment whether there was pharmacy treatment or self-medication, healthcare worker (HCW) inquiries about source of infection and whether the HCW was polite...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913587/suppressing-n-acetyl-l-aspartate-naa-synthesis-prevents-loss-of-neurons-in-a-murine-model-of-canavan-leukodystrophy
#9
Jiho Sohn, Peter Bannerman, Fuzheng Guo, Travis Burns, Laird Miers, Christopher Croteau, Naveen K Singhal, Jennifer A McDonough, David Pleasure
Canavan disease is a leukodystrophy caused by aspartoacylase (ASPA) deficiency. The lack of functional ASPA, an enzyme enriched in oligodendroglia that cleaves N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA) to acetate and L-aspartic acid, elevates brain NAA and causes "spongiform" vacuolation of superficial brain white matter and neighboring gray matter. In children with Canavan disease, neuroimaging shows early-onset dysmyelination and progressive brain atrophy. Neuron loss has been documented at autopsy in some cases. Prior studies have shown that mice homozygous for the Aspa nonsense mutation Nur7 also develop brain vacuolation...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912850/oscillating-in-and-out-of-place-experiences-of-older-adults-residing-in-homeless-shelters-in-montreal-quebec
#10
Victoria F Burns
Aging in place is desirable from the perspective of older adults and policy makers alike. However, the meaning of 'place' for adults experiencing homelessness has been largely overlooked. Addressing this gap, this constructivist grounded theory study discusses the meaning of place for 15 older adults residing in emergency homeless shelters in Montreal, Quebec. Findings revealed that four interrelated dimensions of place-that is, control, comfort, privacy, and security were instrumental in supporting participants' ability to feel in place across housed-homeless trajectories...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911536/observation-of-orbital-order-in-the-half-filled-4f-gd-compound
#11
H Jang, B Y Kang, B K Cho, M Hashimoto, D Lu, C A Burns, C-C Kao, J-S Lee
Half-filled electron systems, even with the maximized spin angular moment, have been given little attention because of their zero-orbital angular moment according to Hund's rule. Nevertheless, there are several measurements that show evidence of a nonzero orbital moment as well as spin-orbit coupling. Here we report for the first time the orbital order in a half-filled 4f-electron system GdB_{4}, using the resonant soft x-ray scattering at Gd M_{4,5}-edges. Furthermore, we discovered that the development of this orbital order is strongly coupled with the antiferromagnetic spin order...
November 18, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911117/are-lasers-superior-to-lights-in-the-photoepilation-of-fitzpatrick-v-and-vi-skin-types-a-comparison-between-nd-yag-laser-and-intense-pulsed-light
#12
Bibilash Bs, Ravi Kumar Chittoria, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Friji M T, Dineshkumar S, Sandhya Pandey
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There are no large volume comparative studies available to compare the efficacy of lasers over lights for hair removal in Fitzpatrick V and VI skin types. This study is designed to compare the efficacy of Nd:YAG Laser versus IPL in the darker skin types. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty nine patients included in Group-1 were treated with Nd:YAG and 31 in group-2 with IPL. Both groups received 5 sessions of treatment. The hair counts were assessed using digital photography and manual counting method before and after treatment and results were analysed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910663/multi-energy-sxr-cameras-for-magnetically-confined-fusion-plasmas-invited
#13
L F Delgado-Aparicio, J Maddox, N Pablant, K Hill, M Bitter, J E Rice, R Granetz, A Hubbard, J Irby, M Greenwald, E Marmar, K Tritz, D Stutman, B Stratton, P Efthimion
A compact multi-energy soft x-ray camera has been developed for time, energy and space-resolved measurements of the soft-x-ray emissivity in magnetically confined fusion plasmas. Multi-energy soft x-ray imaging provides a unique opportunity for measuring, simultaneously, a variety of important plasma properties (Te, nZ, ΔZeff, and ne,fast). The electron temperature can be obtained by modeling the slope of the continuum radiation from ratios of the available brightness and inverted radial emissivity profiles over multiple energy ranges...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910573/polycapillary-lenses-for-soft-x-ray-transmission-in-iter-model-comparison-with-experiments-and-potential-application
#14
D Mazon, C Liegeard, A Jardin, R Barnsley, M Walsh, M O'Mullane, A Sirinelli, F Dorchies
Measuring Soft X-Ray (SXR) radiation [0.1 keV; 15 keV] in tokamaks is a standard way of extracting valuable information on the particle transport and magnetohydrodynamic activity. Generally, the analysis is performed with detectors positioned close to the plasma for a direct line of sight. A burning plasma, like the ITER deuterium-tritium phase, is too harsh an environment to permit the use of such detectors in close vicinity of the machine. We have thus investigated in this article the possibility of using polycapillary lenses in ITER to transport the SXR information several meters away from the plasma in the complex port-plug geometry...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910546/study-of-the-triton-burnup-process-in-different-jet-scenarios-using-neutron-monitor-based-on-cvd-diamond
#15
G Nemtsev, V Amosov, S Meshchaninov, S Popovichev, R Rodionov
We present the results of analysis of triton burn-up process using the data from diamond detector. Neutron monitor based on CVD diamond was installed in JET torus hall close to the plasma center. We measure the part of 14 MeV neutrons in scenarios where plasma current varies in a range of 1-3 MA. In this experiment diamond neutron monitor was also able to detect strong gamma bursts produced by runaway electrons arising during the disruptions. We can conclude that CVD diamond detector will contribute to the study of fast particles confinement and help predict the disruption events in future tokamaks...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910508/a-particle-x-ray-temporal-diagnostic-pxtd-for-studies-of-kinetic-multi-ion-effects-and-ion-electron-equilibration-rates-in-inertial-confinement-fusion-plasmas-at-omega-invited
#16
H Sio, J A Frenje, J Katz, C Stoeckl, D Weiner, M Bedzyk, V Glebov, C Sorce, M Gatu Johnson, H G Rinderknecht, A B Zylstra, T C Sangster, S P Regan, T Kwan, A Le, A N Simakov, W T Taitano, L Chacòn, B Keenan, R Shah, G Sutcliffe, R D Petrasso
A Particle X-ray Temporal Diagnostic (PXTD) has been implemented on OMEGA for simultaneous time-resolved measurements of several nuclear products as well as the x-ray continuum produced in High Energy Density Plasmas and Inertial Confinement Fusion implosions. The PXTD removes systematic timing uncertainties typically introduced by using multiple instruments, and it has been used to measure DD, DT, D(3)He, and T(3)He reaction histories and the emission history of the x-ray core continuum with relative timing uncertainties within ±10-20 ps...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910487/combined-neutron-and-x-ray-imaging-at-the-national-ignition-facility-invited
#17
C R Danly, K Christensen, V E Fatherley, D N Fittinghoff, G P Grim, R Hibbard, N Izumi, D Jedlovec, F E Merrill, D W Schmidt, R A Simpson, K Skulina, P L Volegov, C H Wilde
X-ray and neutrons are commonly used to image inertial confinement fusion implosions, providing key diagnostic information on the fuel assembly of burning deuterium-tritium (DT) fuel. The x-ray and neutron data provided are complementary as the production of neutrons and x-rays occurs from different physical processes, but typically these two images are collected from different views with no opportunity for co-registration of the two images. Neutrons are produced where the DT fusion fuel is burning; X-rays are produced in regions corresponding to high temperatures...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910467/the-magnetic-recoil-spectrometer-mrst-for-time-resolved-measurements-of-the-neutron-spectrum-at-the-national-ignition-facility-nif
#18
J A Frenje, T J Hilsabeck, C W Wink, P Bell, R Bionta, C Cerjan, M Gatu Johnson, J D Kilkenny, C K Li, F H Séguin, R D Petrasso
The next-generation magnetic recoil spectrometer for time-resolved measurements of the neutron spectrum has been conceptually designed for the National Ignition Facility. This spectrometer, called MRSt, represents a paradigm shift in our thinking about neutron spectrometry for inertial confinement fusion applications, as it will provide simultaneously information about the burn history and time evolution of areal density (ρR), apparent ion temperature (Ti), yield (Yn), and macroscopic flows during burn. From this type of data, an assessment of the evolution of the fuel assembly, hotspot, and alpha heating can be made...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910396/four-dimensional-4d-tracking-of-high-temperature-microparticles
#19
Zhehui Wang, Q Liu, W Waganaar, J Fontanese, D James, T Munsat
High-speed tracking of hot and molten microparticles in motion provides rich information about burning plasmas in magnetic fusion. An exploding-wire apparatus is used to produce moving high-temperature metallic microparticles and to develop four-dimensional (4D) or time-resolved 3D particle tracking techniques. The pinhole camera model and algorithms developed for computer vision are used for scene calibration and 4D reconstructions. 3D positions and velocities are then derived for different microparticles...
November 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910113/diagnostic-accuracy-of-faecal-biomarkers-in-detecting-colorectal-cancer-and-adenoma-in-symptomatic-patients
#20
M M Widlak, C L Thomas, M G Thomas, C Tomkins, S Smith, N O'Connell, S Wurie, L Burns, C Harmston, C Evans, C U Nwokolo, B Singh, R P Arasaradnam
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) can be difficult as symptoms are variable with poor specificity. Thus, there is a quest for simple, non-invasive testing that can help streamline those with significant colonic pathology. AIM: To assess using faecal immunochemical test for haemoglobin (FIT) or faecal calprotectin (FCP) to detect CRC and adenoma in symptomatic patients referred from primary care. METHODS: A total of 799 referred for urgent lower gastrointestinal investigations were prospectively recruited...
December 1, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
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