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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538881/efficacy-and-safety-of-superficial-chemical-peeling-in-treatment-of-active-acne-vulgaris
#1
Hassanain Al-Talib, Alyaa Al-Khateeb, Ayad Hameed, Chandrika Murugaiah
Acne vulgaris is an extremely common condition affecting the pilosebaceous unit of the skin and characterized by presence of comedones, papules, pustules, nodules, cysts, which might result in permanent scars. Acne vulgaris commonly involve adolescents and young age groups. Active acne vulgaris is usually associated with several complications like hyper or hypopigmentation, scar formation and skin disfigurement. Previous studies have targeted the efficiency and safety of local and systemic agents in the treatment of active acne vulgaris...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538640/trends-in-the-epidemiology-of-major-burn-injury-among-hospitalized-patients-a-population-based-analysis
#2
Stephanie A Mason, Avery B Nathens, James Byrne, Alejandro Gonzalez, Rob Fowler, Paul Karanicolas, Rahim Moineddin, Marc G Jeschke
BACKGROUND: Burn-related mortality has decreased significantly over the past several decades. While often attributed in part to regionalization of burn care, this has not been evaluated at the population level. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of all patients with > 20% total burned surface area (TBSA) burn injury in Ontario, Canada. Adult (>16y) patients injured between 2003-2013 were included. Deaths in the emergency department were excluded...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538636/the-role-of-nigms-p50-sponsored-team-science-in-our-understanding-of-multiple-organ-failure
#3
Frederick A Moore, Ernest E Moore, Timothy R Billiar, Yoram Vodovotz, Anirban Banerjee, Lyle L Moldawer
The history of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) Research Centers in Peri-operative Sciences (RCIPS) is the history of clinical, translational and basic science research into the etiology and treatment of posttraumatic multiple organ failure (MOF). Born out of the activism of trauma and burn surgeons after the Viet Nam war, the P50 trauma research centers have been a nidus of research advances in the field, and the training of future academic physician-scientists in the fields of trauma, burns, sepsis and critical illness...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538026/children-with-burn-injury-have-impaired-cardiac-output-during-submaximal-exercise
#4
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Kenneth C Beck, Oscar E Suman
INTRODUCTION: Burn trauma damages resting cardiac function; however, it is currently unknown if the cardiovascular response to exercise is likewise impaired. We tested the hypothesis that, in children, burn injury lowers cardiac output (Q) and stroke volume (SV) during submaximal exercise. METHODS: Five children with 49±4% total body surface area (BSA) burned (2 female, 11.7±1 y, 40.4±18 kg, 141.1±9 cm) and eight similar non-burned controls (5 female, 12.5±2 y, 58...
May 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535116/is-mannitol-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-ciguatera-fish-poisoning
#5
Michael E Mullins, Robert S Hoffman
CONTEXT: Ciguatera fish poisoning arises primarily from consumption of carnivorous reef fish caught in tropical and sub-tropical waters. Ciguatoxins, a class of tasteless, heat-stable, polycyclic toxins produced by dinoflagellates, accumulate through the food chain and concentrate in various carnivorous fish, such as groupers, barracudas, wrasses, amberjack, kingfishes, and eels. Characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning include early nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in the first one to two days post ingestion, followed by the appearance of sensory disturbances...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534891/treatment-as-prevention-should-hepatitis-c-learn-the-lessons-from-hiv
#6
Jose Vicente Fernandez-Montero, Esther J Aspinall, James E Burns
Long-term experience in the treatment of HIV-infected individuals has shown indirect benefits of early initiation of antiretroviral therapy, particularly in preventing HIV transmission. With the advent of direct-acting antivirals for the treatment of hepatitis C, the strategy of treatment-as-prevention has become feasible. However, economic, clinical, ethical, and public health issues arise from the concept of using therapeutic interventions only as prevention strategies.
May 23, 2017: AIDS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533933/negative-wound-pressure-therapy-is-safe-and-useful-in-pediatric-burn-patients
#7
Yanhan Ren, Philip Chang, Robert L Sheridan
INTRODUCTION: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) has proven to be a powerful tool in facilitating healing of difficult wounds of a variety of etiologies. The pediatric experience with NPWT has been limited due to concerns about vascular compression and pain associated with treatment. METHOD: A retrospective review was performed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of NPWT on children with difficult wounds due to burns or soft-tissue trauma. NPWT was instituted in the operating room under general anesthesia using a commercially available system...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532401/risk-reassurance-and-routine-a-qualitative-study-of-narrative-understandings-of-the-potential-for-hiv-self-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-england
#8
T Charles Witzel, Peter Weatherburn, Alison J Rodger, Adam H Bourne, Fiona M Burns
BACKGROUND: HIV testing has seen a rapid evolution over the last decade with multiple modalities now in use globally. In recent years HIV self-testing (HIVST) has been legalised in the UK paving the way for further expansion of testing. Interventions are delivered in particular social contexts which shape uptake. It is therefore important to understand how novel interventions are likely to be received by their intended users. This study aims to understand how HIVST compliments existing testing strategies considered or adopted by men who have sex with men (MSM)...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532074/highly-effective-cu-zn-carbon-micro-nanofiber-polymer-nanocomposite-based-wound-dressing-biomaterial-against-the-p-aeruginosa-multi-and-extensively-drug-resistant-strains
#9
Mohammad Ashfaq, Nishith Verma, Suphiya Khan
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) is the most prevalent bacteria in the infections caused by burn, surgery, and traumatic injuries. Emergence of the P. aeruginosa bacterial resistance against various clinical drugs for wound treatment is the major concern nowadays. The present study describes the synthesis of the polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and cellulose acetate phthalate (CAP) polymeric composite film (~0.2mm thickness) reinforced with the Cu/Zn bimetal-dispersed activated carbon micro/nanofiber (ACF/CNF), as a wound dressing material...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531451/new-laparoscopic-assisted-percutaneous-gastrostomy-description-and-comparison-with-others-gastrostomy-types
#10
Pilar Serrano Aguayo, Noelia Gros Herguido, Juana Parejo Campos, Antonio Barranco Moreno, María Del Castillo Tous Romero, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Isaías Alarcón Del Agua, María Socas Macias, Pedro Pablo García Luna, Salvador Morales Conde
INTRODUCTION: Gastrostomy feeding tube insertion has become a common procedure as it enables patients who require long term enteral feeding. Conventional surgical gastrostomies were the only way of gaining enteral access in patients in which it is not possible to pass an endoscope or a nasogastric tube required for endoscopic or radiological gastrostomies, and in patients in which certain anatomical abnormalities contraindicate performing these techniques. As conventional surgical gastrostomies are associated with high morbidity, especially gastric leakage around the tube, percutaneous laparoscopic assisted gastrostomy (PLAG) may be a better way to gain enteral access...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531352/conformational-complexity-in-the-lh2-antenna-of-the-purple-sulfur-bacterium-allochromatium-vinosum-revealed-by-hole-burning-spectroscopy
#11
Adam Kell, Mahboobe Jassas, Khem Acharya, Kirsty Hacking, Richard J Cogdell, Ryszard J Jankowiak
This work discusses the protein conformational complexity of the B800-850 LH2 complexes from the purple sulfur bacterium Allochromatium vinosum, focusing on the spectral characteristics of the B850 chromophores. Low-temperature B850 absorption and the split B800 band shift blue and red, respectively, at elevated temperatures, revealing isosbestic points. The latter indicates the presence of two (unresolved) conformations of B850 bacteriochlorophylls (BChls), referred to as conformations 1 and 2, and two conformations of B800 BChls, denoted as B800R and B800B...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531246/heat-not-burn-tobacco-cigarettes-smoke-by-any-other-name
#12
Reto Auer, Nicolas Concha-Lozano, Isabelle Jacot-Sadowski, Jacques Cornuz, Aurélie Berthet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530901/a-second-degree-burn-after-mri
#13
Nicole S Mandel, Jeremy L Ramdial, Erin N Marcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530899/a-burning-sensation-in-the-mouth
#14
Satvinder Singh Bakshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530786/morphine-for-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#15
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Junqiao Chen, Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, Daniel B Carr, Dominic Aldington, Peter Cole, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, which is caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system, may be central or peripheral in origin. Neuropathic pain often includes symptoms such as burning or shooting sensations, abnormal sensitivity to normally painless stimuli, or an increased sensitivity to normally painful stimuli. Neuropathic pain is a common symptom in many diseases of the nervous system. Opioid drugs, including morphine, are commonly used to treat neuropathic pain...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530776/factors-affecting-mortality-among-victims-of-electrical-burns
#16
Çağrı Tiryaki, Mustafa Celalettin Haksal, Murat Burç Yazıcıoğlu, Ali Çiftçi, Osman Esen, Hamdi Taner Turgut, Abdullah Yıldırım, Murat Güven
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting mortality rate among patients with an electrical burn. METHODS: A total of 115 patients admitted to the emergency department and hospitalized in the Burn Treatment Center or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) due to the electrical burn, were included in the study. RESULTS: A total of 115 patients (4 female and 111 male) with a mean age of 32.88±12.87 years were included in the study...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530774/a-rare-type-of-burn-injury-due-to-butane-gas-inhalation
#17
Ergin Seven, Uğur Horoz, Elif Sarı, Hülda Rifat Özakpınar, Mert Muhittin Sandıkcı, Emre İnözü, Ali Teoman Tellioğlu
BACKGROUND: Abusive inhalation of butane gas is becoming a serious public health problem among teenagers and young adult population; however, there has been little reporting on explosion burns associated with abuse of butane cigarette lighter fluid. METHODS: Retrospective study was conducted of 22 patients who were burned in last 2 years in explosion of butane gas, a flammable, odorless, and colorless aliphatic hydrocarbon. RESULTS: Details of sociodemographic profile of the patients, any underlying psychiatric illness, alcohol abuse, depth of burn injury, any associated injury, duration of hospitalization, and percentage of burned area were recorded and analyzed...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530769/beneficial-effects-of-garlic-allium-sativum-oil-in-experimental-corrosive-esophageal-burns-effects-of-garlic-oil-in-esophageal-burns
#18
Ceren Şen Tanrıkulu, Yusuf Tanrikulu, Fahriye Kılınç, Burak Bahadır, Murat Can, Füruzan Köktürk
BACKGROUND: Corrosive esophageal burns, particularly common in developing countries, lead to different problems in different age groups. The ingestion of corrosive substances can cause such problems as stricture of the esophagus, to acute perforation, and even death. Because stricture formation is related to the severity of the initial injury, the prevention of stricture constitutes a main goal of treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective and anti-inflammatory effects of garlic (Allium sativum) oil in corrosive esophageal burn...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530587/trace-elements-in-raw-milk-of-buffaloes-bubalus-bubalis-from-campania-italy
#19
Mauro Esposito, Oto Miedico, Stefania Cavallo, Roberta Pellicanò, Guido Rosato, Loredana Baldi, A Eugenio Chiaravalle
The profile of 18 trace elements was traced in 68 milk samples collected from buffalo farms in the territory known as the "Land of Fires" in the Campania region (Italy). This area has been polluted by the illegal dumping in fields of industrial or domestic waste, wich is sometimes then burned spreading toxic contaminants. Milk from buffaloes raised on rural farms might be a good indicator of environmental contamination risk in the human food chain. Trace element analysis in milk was performed using mass spectrometry...
October 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530331/-burning-mouth-syndrome-a-flame-hard-to-extinguish
#20
REVIEW
Mordechai Findler, Eli Michaeli, Yaron Haviv
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a common condition that mostly affects elderly women. This symptom presents as a severe chronic burning sensation affecting the oral cavity and especially the dorsum of the tongue and its lateral aspects. Mouth burning sensation can result from an idiopathic primary condition or evolve from a secondary problem. The difficulty in reaching a correct diagnosis and especially to determining an appropriate treatment leads to considerable dissatisfaction among patients. In this paper we review the causes and the characteristics of the primary and secondary forms of the syndrome, the means of diagnosis and known treatment options...
August 2016: Harefuah
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