keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Burns

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449529/do-hospitals-need-oncological-critical-care-units
#1
EDITORIAL
Abby Koch, William Checkley
Since the inception of critical care as a formal discipline in the late 1950s, we have seen rapid specialization to many types of intensive care units (ICUs) to accommodate evolving life support technologies and novel therapies in various disciplines of medicine. Indeed, the field has expanded such that specialized ICUs currently exist to address critical care problems in medicine, cardiology, neurology and neurosurgery, trauma, burns, organ transplant and cardiothoracic surgeries. Specialization does not only need new infrastructure, but also training and staffing of health care providers, ancillary staff, and development and implementation of processes of care...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449111/migrant-women-living-with-hiv-in-europe-are-they-facing-inequalities-in-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-the-european-pregnancy-and-paediatric-hiv-cohort-collaboration-eppicc-study-group-in-eurocoord
#2
G Favarato, H Bailey, F Burns, L Prieto, A Soriano-Arandes, C Thorne
In pregnancy early interventions are recommended for prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. We examined whether pregnant women who live with HIV in Europe and are migrants encounter barriers in accessing HIV testing and care. Four cohorts within the European Pregnancy and Paediatric HIV Cohort Collaboration provided data for pooled analysis of 11 795 pregnant women who delivered in 2002-12 across ten European countries. We defined a migrant as a woman delivering in a country different from her country of birth and grouped the countries into seven world regions...
April 25, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448944/platelet-cytochrome-oxidase-and-citrate-synthase-activities-in-apoe-%C3%AE%C2%B54-carrier-and-non-carrier-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#3
Heather M Wilkins, Scott J Koppel, Rebecca Bothwell, Jonathan Mahnken, Jeffrey M Burns, Russell H Swerdlow
A degradation product of APOE ε4-encoded apolipoprotein E protein targets mitochondria and inhibits cytochrome oxidase (COX), and autopsy brains from young adult APOE ε4 carriers show reduced COX activity. To further explore relationships between APOE alleles and COX, we measured platelet mitochondria COX activity in AD subjects with (n=8) and without (n=7) an APOE ε4 allele and found the mean COX activity, when normalized to sample total protein, was lower in the APOE ε4 carriers (p<0.05). Normalizing COX activity to citrate synthase (CS) activity eliminated this difference, but notably the mean CS activity was itself lower in the APOE ε4 carriers (p<0...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448926/mass-spectra-features-of-biomass-burning-boiler-and-coal-burning-boiler-emitted-particles-by-single-particle-aerosol-mass-spectrometer
#4
Jiao Xu, Mei Li, Guoliang Shi, Haiting Wang, Xian Ma, Jianhui Wu, Xurong Shi, Yinchang Feng
In this study, single particle mass spectra signatures of both coal burning boiler and biomass burning boiler emitted particles were studied. Particle samples were suspended in clean Resuspension Chamber, and analyzed by ELPI and SPAMS simultaneously. The size distribution of BBB (biomass burning boiler sample) and CBB (coal burning boiler sample) are different, as BBB peaks at smaller size, and CBB peaks at larger size. Mass spectra signatures of two samples were studied by analyzing the average mass spectrum of each particle cluster extracted by ART-2a in different size ranges...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448718/cannabis-use-by-women-during-pregnancy-does-not-influence-infant-dna-methylation-of-the-dopamine-receptor-drd4
#5
Peter D Fransquet, Delyse Hutchinson, Craig A Olsson, Steve Allsop, Elizabeth J Elliott, Lucinda Burns, Richard Mattick, Richard Saffery, Joanne Ryan
BACKGROUND: Maternal cannabis use in pregnancy is linked with long-term adverse behavioral outcomes in offspring. Epigenetic processes established in utero that affect dopaminergic (reward) signaling may mediate risks. Associations between cannabis use and offspring DNA methylation have not been investigated; however, maternal tobacco smoking in pregnancy is associated with distinct patterns of DNA methylation at birth and beyond. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether maternal cannabis use is associated with methylation of the dopamine receptor gene DRD4 promoter in infants...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448597/reconstructing-grassland-fire-history-using-sedimentary-charcoal-considering-count-size-and-shape
#6
Berangere A Leys, Julie L Commerford, Kendra K McLauchlan
Fire is a key Earth system process, with 80% of annual fire activity taking place in grassland areas. However, past fire regimes in grassland systems have been difficult to quantify due to challenges in interpreting the charcoal signal in depositional environments. To improve reconstructions of grassland fire regimes, it is essential to assess two key traits: (1) charcoal count, and (2) charcoal shape. In this study, we quantified the number of charcoal pieces in 51 sediment samples of ponds in the Great Plains and tested its relevance as a proxy for the fire regime by examining 13 potential factors influencing charcoal count, including various fire regime components (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448352/laundry-detergent-pods-linked-to-increased-eye-injuries-in-children
#7
Lucy Wang Halpern
Pods are responsible for over a quarter of toddlers' chemical ocular burns.
May 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448297/the-fate-of-chronic-burn-wounds-suspected-as-marjolin-s-ulcers
#8
Chi Young Bang, Sang-Hyun Woo
Marjolin's ulcer is the malignant transformation of chronic nonhealing ulcers that have developed in burn scars or in any other chronic wound. Development of this malignancy tends to be slow and insidious, but it becomes more aggressive when the Marjolin's ulcer breaks free of the scar. We reviewed 24 cases of patients who complained of chronic burn wounds suspected to be Marjolin's ulcers. Histologically, chronic ulcer and pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia were 21%, respectively, and malignancy, including squamous cell carcinoma and leiomyosarcoma, were 58%...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448296/the-use-of-the-moleculight-i-x-in-managing-burns-a-pilot-study
#9
Emily Blumenthal, Steven L A Jeffery
The MolecuLight i:X Imaging Device is a portable, noninvasive, real-time camera used to visualize the bacterial load in a wound. It uses violet light illumination and a dual bandpass optical filter to capture the fluorescence of endogenous structures in the tissue matrix and harmful bacteria. The MolecuLight i:X captures images of wounds and highlights potentially detrimental levels of bacteria. This is an initial evaluation of using the MolecuLight i:X camera in the management of burns to demonstrate the following: the ability of the device to guide clinicians in their management of the burn (ie, detect, identify, and specify swabbing locations)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448295/the-role-of-mitochondrial-stress-in-muscle-wasting-following-severe-burn-trauma
#10
John O Ogunbileje, David N Herndon, Andrew J Murton, Craig Porter
Increased resting metabolic rate (hypermetabolism) and skeletal muscle wasting are hallmarks of the pathophysiological stress response to severe burn trauma. However, whether these two responses occur independently in burn patients or are in fact related remains unclear. In light of recent evidence demonstrating that increased proteolysis in skeletal muscle of burned patients is accompanied by mitochondrial hypermetabolism, oxidative stress, and protein damage; in this article, we discuss the evidence for a role for the mitochondrion in skeletal muscle wasting following severe burn trauma...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448292/show-back-developing-and-testing-of-a-simulation-based-assessment-method-for-identifying-problems-in-self-management-of-medications-in-older-adults
#11
Alok Kapoor, Laura Burns, Janice B Foust, Maureen Sarno, Jeanne Callahan-Lydon, Paula Schultz, Jennifer Donovan, Abir Kanaan, Sybil Crawford, Jerry H Gurwitz, Kathleen M Mazor
Case reports or submissions to regular features, such as "Near Misses" or "Tips for Success," need no abstracts.
April 26, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448015/quantification-of-strain-in-a-porcine-model-of-skin-expansion-using-multi-view-stereo-and-isogeometric-kinematics
#12
Adrian Buganza Tepole, Elbert E Vaca, Chad A Purnell, Michael Gart, Jennifer McGrath, Ellen Kuhl, Arun K Gosain
Tissue expansion is a popular technique in plastic and reconstructive surgery that grows skin in vivo for correction of large defects such as burns and giant congenital nevi. Despite its widespread use, planning and executing an expansion protocol is challenging due to the difficulty in measuring the deformation imposed at each inflation step and over the length of the procedure. Quantifying the deformation fields is crucial, as the distribution of stretch over time determines the rate and amount of skin grown at the end of the treatment...
April 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447971/the-local-and-systemic-inflammatory-response-in-a-pig-burn-wound-model-with-a-pivotal-role-for-complement
#13
H Ibrahim Korkmaz, Magda M W Ulrich, Wessel N van Wieringen, Marcel Vlig, Reindert W Emmens, Klaas W Meyer, Paul Sinnige, Paul A J Krijnen, Paul P M van Zuijlen, Hans W M Niessen
In patients with burns, a massive inflammatory response is induced which negatively affects the healing process of the burn wound and additionally exerts systemic effects. An important factor herein is the complement system. Here we analyzed the effects of burns on complement and inflammatory cells both locally and systemically after burn in time in a pig burn wound model. In burned pigs, burn wound biopsies and blood were collected up to 60 days after burn. Complement in blood as well as complement and inflammatory cells in the burn wound and several organs were determined...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447933/acute-decompensated-heart-failure-new-strategies-for-improving-outcomes
#14
Emily Singer Fisher, Boyd Burns
Acute decompensated heart failure is a common emergency department presentation with significant associated morbidity and mortality. Heart failure accounts for more than 1 million hospitalizations annually, with a steadily increasing incidence as our population ages. This issue reviews recent literature regarding appropriate management of emergency department presentations of acute decompensated heart failure, with special attention to newer medication options. Emergency department management and appropriate interventions are discussed, along with critical decision-making points in resuscitation for both hypertensive and hypotensive patients...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447447/nuclear-targeting-gold-nanorods-for-extremely-low-nir-activated-photothermal-therapy
#15
Limin Pan, Jianan Liu, Jianlin Shi
Photo-related nanomedicine is of particular interest as an emerging paradigm toward precise cancer therapy, as demonstrated by the recent developments of photothermal therapy (PTT), an emerging technique employing light converting agents to burn cancerous cells by over-dosed optical energy-converted heat. However, most of the laser irradiations needed for effective PTT significantly exceed the maximal permissible power density in human skin, which is likely to damage surrounding normal tissues. Herein, we report a strategy of intranuclear PTT of cancer enabled by nuclear-targeted delivery of gold nanorods of ~ 10...
April 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447126/erratum-to-comparative-lung-bioavailability-of-fluticasone-salmeterol-via-a-breath-actuated-spacer-and-conventional-plastic-spacers
#16
Arun Nair, Lorna McKinlay, Peter Williamson, Philip Short, Patricia Burns, Brian J Lipworth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446959/gestational-vitamin-d-deficiency-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Darryl W Eyles, Thomas H J Burne, Laura M E Blanken, Claudia J Kruithof, Frank Verhulst, Tonya White, Vincent W Jaddoe, Henning Tiemeier, John J McGrath
BACKGROUND: There is growing interest in linking vitamin D deficiency with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The association between vitamin D deficiency during gestation, a critical period in neurodevelopment, and ASD is not well understood. AIMS: To determine the association between gestational vitamin D status and ASD. METHOD: Based on a birth cohort (n=4334), we examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), assessed from both maternal mid-gestation sera and neonatal sera, and ASD (defined by clinical records; n=68 cases)...
March 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446704/preservation-of-protein-expression-systems-at-elevated-temperatures-for-portable-therapeutic-production
#18
David K Karig, Seneca Bessling, Peter Thielen, Sherry Zhang, Joshua Wolfe
Many biotechnology capabilities are limited by stringent storage needs of reagents, largely prohibiting use outside of specialized laboratories. Focusing on a large class of protein-based biotechnology applications, we address this issue by developing a method for preserving cell-free protein expression systems for months above room temperature. Our approach realizes unprecedented long-term stability at elevated temperatures by leveraging the sugar alcohol trehalose, a simple, low-cost, open-air drying step, and strategic separation of reaction components during drying...
April 2017: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445761/live-cell-super-resolution-reveals-f-actin-and-plasma-membrane-dynamics-at-the-t-cell-synapse
#19
George W Ashdown, Garth L Burn, David J Williamson, Elvis Pandžić, Ruby Peters, Michael Holden, Helge Ewers, Lin Shao, Paul W Wiseman, Dylan M Owen
The cortical actin cytoskeleton has been shown to be critical for the reorganization and heterogeneity of plasma membrane components of many cells, including T cells. Building on previous studies at the T cell immunological synapse, we quantitatively assess the structure and dynamics of this meshwork using live-cell superresolution fluorescence microscopy and spatio-temporal image correlation spectroscopy. We show for the first time, to our knowledge, that not only does the dense actin cortex flow in a retrograde fashion toward the synapse center, but the plasma membrane itself shows similar behavior...
April 25, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445656/learning-what-we-didn-t-know-the-sprint-data-analysis-challenge
#20
Nancy S Burns, Pamela W Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
keyword
keyword
1978
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"