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Rhinitis and asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331049/prenatal-maternal-psychosocial-stress-and-offspring-s-asthma-and-allergic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Catherine Flanigan, Aziz Sheikh, Audrey DunnGalvin, Bronwyn K Brew, Catarina Almqvist, Bright I Nwaru
BACKGROUND: Prenatal maternal stress may influence offspring's atopic risk through sustained cortisol secretion resulting from activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-axis (HPA), leading to Th2-biased cell differentiation in the fetus. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the relationship between prenatal maternal psychosocial stress and risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS: We searched 11 electronic databases from 1960 to 2016, search the grey literature, and contacted experts in the field...
January 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331026/the-asthma-rhinitis-multimorbidity-is-associated-with-ige-polysensitization-in-adolescents-and-adults
#2
Valérie Siroux, Natalia Ballardini, Marion Soler, Christian Lupinek, Anne Boudier, Isabelle Pin, Jocelyne Just, Rachel Nadif, Josep M Anto, Erik Melen, Rudolf Valenta, Magnus Wickman, Jean Bousquet
BACKGROUND: Children with multimorbid asthma and rhinitis show IgE polysensitization to several allergen sources. This association remain poorly studied in adolescents and adults using defined allergen molecules. We investigated IgE sensitization patterns towards a broad panel of aeroallergen components in adults and adolescents with a focus on individuals with asthma and rhinitis multimorbidity. METHODS: IgE reactivity to 64 microarrayed aeroallergen molecules was determined with the MeDALL-chip in samples from the French EGEA study (n=840, age=40...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318623/subcutaneous-immunotherapy-with-purified-der-p1-and-2-suppresses-type-2-immunity-in-a-murine-asthma-model
#3
Laura Hesse, Nienke van Ieperen, Corine Habraken, Arjen H Petersen, Silvia Korn, Tim Smilda, Betty Goedewaagen, Marcel H Ruiters, Adrianus C van der Graaf, Martijn C Nawijn
Allergen-specific immunotherapy can induce long-term suppression of allergic symptoms, reduce medication use and prevent exacerbations of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Current treatment is based on crude allergen extracts, which contain immunostimulatory components such as β-glucans, chitins and endotoxin. Use of purified or recombinant allergens might therefore increase efficacy of treatment. Here, we test application of purified natural group 1 and 2 allergens from Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) for subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) treatment in a house dust mite (HDM) driven mouse model of allergic asthma...
January 10, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315922/the-use-of-omalizumab-in-allergen-immunotherapy
#4
Jennifer A Dantzer, Robert A Wood
Although omalizumab (anti-IgE) is currently only approved for the treatment of asthma and chronic idiopathic urticaria, it has also been studied as an off-label treatment for numerous allergic conditions, including use as an adjunct to allergen immunotherapy in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, asthma, venom hypersensitivity, and food allergy. We conducted a review of publications involving the use of omalizumab with allergen immunotherapy, by searching PubMed with key search terms of "omalizumab" and "immunotherapy...
January 5, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315741/association-between-allergic-diseases-and-ophthalmologic-diseases-including-cataracts-and-glaucoma-using-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012-a-strobe-compliant-article
#5
Young Bok Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Min Ji Kang, Jin Young Choi, Jin-Wou Kim, Dong Soo Yu, Kyung Do Han, Yong Gyu Park
This study investigated the association between allergic diseases and comorbid ophthalmologic diseases. We enrolled 14 776 participants who were at least 19 years of age. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the odds ratios for cataracts and glaucoma according to the presence of allergic diseases. Atopic dermatitis was not associated with the development of cataracts and glaucoma. However, asthma and allergic rhinitis were significantly associated with cataracts (hazard ratio [HR] = 1...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315632/food-allergen-sensitized-ccr9-lymphocytes-enhance-airways-allergic-inflammation-in-mice
#6
Laure Castan, Marie-Aude Cheminant, Luc Colas, Sophie Brouard, Antoine Magnan, Grégory Bouchaud
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of the atopic march, characterized by a natural progression from food and cutaneous allergies to rhinitis and asthma, are still unknown. However, as several organs can be involved, chemokines and their receptors might be implicated in this process and may be instrumental factors. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the T-cell gut-homing receptor CCR9 could be implicated in the evolution of allergic diseases. METHODS: We characterized the immune response and the role of CCR9 in a murine model combining food allergy to wheat gliadin and a model of acute airways inflammation in response to house dust mite...
January 9, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314180/what-s-new-in-atopic-eczema-an-analysis-of-systematic-reviews-published-in-2015-part-1-epidemiology-and-methodology
#7
REVIEW
E Davies, N K Rogers, A Lloyd-Lavery, D J C Grindlay, K S Thomas
This review forms part of a series of annual updates that summarize the evidence base for atopic eczema (AE), providing a succinct guide for clinicians and patients. It provides a summary of key findings from 15 systematic reviews that were published during 2015, and focuses on the epidemiology and methodology issues of AE. For systematic reviews on the prevention and treatment of AE, see Part 2 of this update. The worldwide prevalence of AE during childhood has been calculated to be 7.89% (95% CI 7.88-7.89), based on studies of 1 430 329 children from 102 countries...
January 4, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313309/air-pollution-and-allergic-airway-diseases-social-determinantsand-sustainability-in-the-control-and-prevention
#8
REVIEW
H Paramesh
Air pollution, global warming and climate change are the major contributing factors in causing the increase prevalence of allergic airway diseases like asthma and allergic rhinitis and they will be the defining issues for health system in the twenty-first century. Asthma is an early onset non-communicable environmental disease with global epidemic and contributes a greatest psycho socio economic burden. Nearly 8 million global deaths are from air pollution. Over one billion population are the sufferers during 2015 and will increase to 4 billion by 2050...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310764/reducing-environmental-allergic-triggers-policy-issues
#9
Stuart L Abramson
The implementation of policies to reduce environmental allergic triggers can be an important adjunct to optimal patient care for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. Policies at the local level in schools and other public as well as private buildings can make an impact on disease morbidity. Occupational exposures for allergens have not yet been met with the same rigorous policy standards applied for exposures to toxicants by Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Further benefit may be obtained through policies by local, county, state, and national governments, and possibly through international cooperative agreements...
January 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307161/the-prevalence-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-it-s-relationship-with-second-hand-tobacco-smoke-among-adults-in-iran
#10
Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Golnoosh Souzanch, Maryam Nourizadeh, Nastaran Sabetkish, Behnaz Tazesh, Abbas Entezari, Zahra Pourpak
To determine the prevalence of allergic rhinitis (AR) among adult residents and investigate whether second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) is correlated with AR as one of the global health problems and one of the most common respiratory disorders reducing the quality of life. A telephone interview survey was conducted by calling 16500 randomly selected telephone numbers from 22 regional telecommunications of Tehran (capital city of Iran) in 2010. A modified European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS) questionnaire was completed for adults aged between 20 to 44-year-old...
November 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306980/sex-in-respiratory-and-skin-allergies
#11
REVIEW
Erminia Ridolo, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Irene Martignago, Marco Caminati, Giorgio Walter Canonica, Gianenrico Senna
A bulk of literature demonstrated that respiratory allergy, and especially asthma, is prevalent in males during childhood, while it becomes more frequent in females from adolescence, i.e., after menarche, to adulthood. The mechanisms underlying the difference between females and males are the effects on the immune response of female hormones and in particular the modulation of inflammatory response by estrogens, as well as the result of the activity of various cells, such as dendritic cells, innate lymphoid cells, Th1, Th2, T regulatory (Treg) and B regulatory (Bregs) cells, and a number of proteins and cytokines, which include interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IL-13...
January 6, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301162/milbenallergie-im-hno-bereich-bedeutung-diagnostik-und-therapieoptionen
#12
Ludger Klimek, Moritz Gröger, Sven Becker
Allergic rhinitis (AR) affects ca. 20% of the population. Approximately one third of patients affected by AR are suffering from perennial rhinitis due to mite allergy. Perennial rhinitis is the form of the disease that is most frequently associated with other allergy-related comorbidities such as asthma and atopic dermatitis, sleep disorders, chronic sinusitis, eustachian tube dysfunction and others.The often non-specific symptoms and the insidious course may lead to misinterpretations in diagnosing the disease...
January 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290515/risk-factors-and-clinical-outcomes-associated-with-fixed-airflow-obstruction-in-older-adults-with-asthma
#13
Gregory H Bennett, Laurie Carpenter, Wei Hao, Peter Song, Joel Steinberg, Alan P Baptist
BACKGROUND: Asthma in older adults is associated with increased morbidity and mortality compared with asthma in younger patients. Fixed airflow obstruction (FAO) is associated with decreased survival in younger patients, but its significance remains unclear in older adults with asthma. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors and outcomes related to FAO in older adults with asthma. METHODS: Subjects older than 55 years with a physician diagnosis of persistent asthma were evaluated...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290503/-evaluation-of-sensitization-to-der-p-1-and-der-p-2-in-a-pediatric-population-of-the-north-of-portugal
#14
Sara Peixoto, Joana Soares, Tânia Monteiro, Marisa Carvalho, Marinela Santos, Carla Simões, Márcia Quaresma
INTRODUCTION: In Portugal, data on the role of Der p 1 and Der p 2 in patients with house dust mite (HDM) allergy are scarce. Allergen-specific immunotherapy (sIT) is the only treatment that improves symptoms, reduces the need for pharmacological therapy and modifies the natural history of the disease. With this study, the authors aim to understand the local epidemiology and to clarify if the molecular assay of major allergens is advantageous in deciding and/or modifying the decision to initiate sIT in children with clinical indication which are sensitized to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus...
December 28, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284253/risk-factors-for-work-related-eczema-and-urticaria-among-vocational-students-of-agriculture
#15
Radosław Śpiewak, Anna Góra-Florek, Andrzej Horoch, Mirosław J Jarosz, Agnieszka Doryńska, Marcin Golec, Jacek Dutkiewicz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Farmers are at high risk of occupational skin diseases which may start already during vocational training. This study was aimed at identification of risk factors for work-related skin diseases among vocational students of agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 440 students (245 males, 195 females aged 17-21 years) in 11 vocational schools which were at least 100 km from each other. The protocol included a physician-managed questionnaire and medical examination, skin prick tests, patch tests, total IgE and Phadiatop...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281699/association-of-flg-single-nucleotide-variations-with-clinical-phenotypes-of-atopic-dermatitis
#16
Myungshin Kim, Jaeeun Yoo, Jiyeon Kim, Joonhong Park, Eunhee Han, Woori Jang, Hyojin Chae, Ji Hyun Lee, Young Min Park, Yonggoo Kim
BACKGROUND: FLG encodes a large protein called profilaggrin, which plays a key role in maintaining an effective skin barrier against the environment. In this study, we identified FLG single nucleotide variations (FLG-SNVs) and evaluated the association of FLG-SNVs with clinical phenotypes including atopic dermatitis (AD)-associated minor clinical features, presence of specific allergic sensitization, and serum parameters. METHODS: Eighty-one Korean patients with AD were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281052/mite-fauna-assessment-in-houses-of-two-distinct-socioeconomic-groups-from-southern-brazil
#17
Moisés S Dutra, Cristian Roncada, Guilherme L da Silva, Noeli J Ferla, Paulo M Pitrez
House dust mites (HDM) are the main source of aeroallergens worldwide, yet epidemiological differences between socioeconomic factors in association with this medical condition have not been studied in the south region of Brazil. To assess the prevalence of HDM in two socioeconomically distinct populations of patients with allergic asthma or rhinitis, the differences between samples from houses of high-income families and low-income families were analyzed. Mite samples were collected between July and December 2015, in Porto Alegre, Brazil...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279062/comparison-of-the-effect-of-5-grass-pollen-sublingual-immunotherapy-tablets-and-drops-in-children-with-rhinoconjunctivitis
#18
Joanna Jerzynska, Wlodzimierz Stelmach, Pawel Majak, Rafal Stelmach, Anna Janas, Iwona Stelmach
BACKGROUND: One of the most important aspects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is the regimen of administration. AIM: To find any differences in symptom-medication scores between the two groups of SLIT tablets and drops, given pre-coseasonally (starting 8 weeks before the pollen season) in children with rhinoconjunctivitis allergy to grass pollen. The secondary outcome were the differences in lung function and induction of T-regulatory forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) positive cells...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275785/food-allergy-children-s-symptom-levels-are-associated-with-mothers-psycho-socio-economic-variables
#19
Aaron Cortes, Angela Castillo, Alicia Sciaraffia
BACKGROUND: Allergies affect children's health as well as their quality of life, stress levels, and family budget. The available literature suggests that family, social and psychological factors are affected by allergic pathologies such as rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis. However, few studies have focused on quantifying such association in child food allergy. This study aims to enhance the understanding of the associations between caregiver variables and children's Food Allergy (FA)...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262484/-epidemiological-characteristics-and-relevant-factors-on-the-comorbidity-of-hyperactivity-behavior-and-allergic-diseases-in-preschool-children
#20
T T Weng, S Q Yan, H Cao, C L Gu, Y Q Xu, L L Ni, H H Tao, T Shao, F B Tao
Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics and relevant factors on the comorbidity of hyperactivity behavior and allergic disease among preschool children in urban areas of Ma'anshan city. Methods: During April 2014 to April 2015, 91 kindergartens over 3 years old were investigated. In the investigation, 16 439 questionnaires were distributed to parents, and 15 291 valid questionnaires were collected. Conners abbreviated symptom questionnaire (brief symptom questionnaire) was filled out by parents to assess the children's hyperactive behaviors...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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