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Brettni Quinn, German M Traglia, Meaghan Nguyen, Jasmine Martinez, Christine Liu, Jennifer S Fernandez, Maria Soledad Ramirez
Our previous data show that serum albumin can trigger natural transformation in Acinetobacter baumannii. However, extracellular matrix/basal membrane components, norepinephrine, and mucin did not have a significant effect on this process. Therefore, the effect of human products appears to be albumin specific, as both BSA and HSA have been shown to increase of natural transformation.
January 13, 2018: Current Microbiology
Augusto Schneider, Berta Victoria, Yury Nunez Lopez, Wiktoria Suchorska, Wojciech Barczak, Agnieszka Sobecka, Wojciech Golusinski, Michal M Masternak, Pawel Golusinski
Head and neck cancer is characterized by malignant tumors arising from the epithelium covering the upper aerodigestive tract, and the majority of these epithelial malignancies are squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the oral cavity (OSCCs). The aim of the current work was to identify miRNAs regulated in OSCC cancerous tissue when compared to a healthy adjacent tissue and to verify the presence of the same miRNAs in the circulation of these patients. For that serum samples and biopsies of healthy and tumor tissues were collected from five patients diagnosed with OSCC of the oral cavity, RNA was extracted from these samples and microRNAs libraries were prepared and sequenced...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
N Marungruang, E Arévalo Sureda, A Lefrançoise, B Weström, M Nyman, O Prykhodko, F Fåk Hållenius
BACKGROUND: Precocious maturation of the gastrointestinal barrier (GIB) in newborn mammals can be induced by dietary provocation, but how this affects the gut microbiota and the gut-brain axis remains unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of induced GIB maturation on gut microbiota composition and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. METHODS: Suckling rats were studied at 72 h after gavage with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or microbial protease (PT) to induce maturation of GIB...
January 12, 2018: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Daniele Sanna, Valeria Ugone, Giuseppe Sciortino, Péter Buglyó, Zsolt Bihari, Péter László Parajdi-Losonczi, Eugenio Garribba
Quinolone derivatives are among the most commonly prescribed antibacterials in the world and could also attract interest as organic ligands in the design of metal complexes with potential pharmacological activity. In this study, five compounds, belonging to the first (nalidixic acid or Hnal), second (ciprofloxacin or Hcip, and norfloxacin or Hnor) and third generation (levofloxacin or Hlev, and sparfloxacin or Hspar) of quinolones, were used as ligands to bind the VIVO2+ ion. In aqueous solution, mono- and bis-chelated species were formed as a function of pH, with cis-[VOHxL2(H2O)]x+ and [VOHxL2]x+, x = 0-2, being the major complexes at pH 7...
January 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sneha Gurudevan, Arul Prakash Francis, A Jayakrishnan
Amphotericin B (AmB), a hydrophobic drug with negligible aqueous solubility was conjugated to bovine serum albumin (BSA) via amide bond coupling to give 6 to 8 wt% drug payload. The resulting conjugate was characterized using SDS-PAGE and UV-visible, FTIR and CD spectroscopy. The conjugate was water-soluble to the extent of 150 mg/ml, was non-toxic to HEK 293 T cells at a concentration of 500 μg/ml (equivalent to ~30 μg AmB) and showed hemolysis of <5% at 200 μg/ml (equivalent to ~12 μg AmB) against human erythrocytes in vitro...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Meiqing Zhu, Lijun Wang, Yu Wang, Jie Zhou, Jie Ding, Wei Li, Yue Xin, Shisuo Fan, Zhen Wang, Yi Wang
The herbicide atrazine is widely used across the globe, which is a great concern. To investigate its potential toxicity in the human body, human serum albumin (HSA) was selected as a model protein. The interaction between atrazine and HSA was investigated using steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, three-dimensional (3D) fluorescence spectroscopy and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. The intrinsic fluorescence of HSA was quenched by the atrazine through a static quenching mechanism...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Andreas Kranawetvogl, Jim Küppers, Markus Siegert, Michael Gütschow, Franz Worek, Horst Thiermann, Paul W Elsinghorst, Harald John
Nerve agents still represent a serious threat to civilian and military personnel as demonstrated by the violent conflict in the Middle East. For verification of poisoning, covalent adducts with endogenous proteins (e.g., human serum albumin, HSA) are valuable long-term biomarkers. Accordingly, we developed a microbore liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry/high-resolution mass spectrometry (μLC-ESI MS/HR MS) method for simultaneous detection of HSA-adducts with the V-type nerve agents VX, Chinese VX (CVX), and Russian VX (RVX)...
January 10, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Takuya Hirai, Keigo Ikeda, Hiroshi Tsushima, Maki Fujishiro, Kunihiro Hayakawa, Yuko Yoshida, Shinji Morimoto, Ken Yamaji, Yoshinari Takasaki, Kenji Takamori, Naoto Tamura, Iwao Sekigawa
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the regulation of key biological processes and have been implicated in various diseases, including autoimmune disorders. The pathogenesis of polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) is considered to be mediated by autoimmune reactions. To determine miRNA role in the development and progression of PM and DM, we performed plasma miRNA profiling in PM/DM patients before and after treatment. Methods: Total RNA was isolated from plasma of 10 patients before and after treatment with prednisolone, or, in case of prednisolone resistance or complications, with the combination of calcineurin inhibitors (cyclosporine or tacrolims) and/or pulse intravenous cyclophosphamide...
2018: Inflammation and Regeneration
Marek Kieliszek, Boguslaw Lipinski
Fibrinogen is a unique protein that is converted into an insoluble fibrin in a single enzymatic event, which is a characteristic feature of fibrinogen due to its susceptibility to fibrinolytic degradation and dissolution. Although thrombosis is a result of activated blood coagulation, no explanation is being offered for the persistent presence of fibrin deposits in the affected organs. A classic example is stroke, in which the thrombolytic therapy is effective only during the first 3-4 h after the onset of thrombosis...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Zbigniew Adamczyk, Małgorzata Nattich-Rak, Maria Dąbkowska, Marta Kujda-Kruk
Adsorption of human serum albumin (HSA), recombinant HSA (rHSA) and the albumin dimer (dHSA) at solid/electrolyte interfaces is reviewed with the emphasis put on quantitative analysis of this process. Initially, various physicochemical data characterizing bulk properties of albumin molecules are discussed such as electrophoretic mobility, electrokinetic charge, zeta potential and diffusion coefficient. Adsorption kinetics of HSA, rHSA and dHSA at mica derived from AFM, streaming potential and XPS measurements is analyzed...
December 19, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Irene Ling, Mohamed Taha, Nada A Al-Sharji, Osama K Abou-Zied
The ability of human serum albumin (HSA) to bind medium-sized hydrophobic molecules is important for the distribution, metabolism, and efficacy of many drugs. Herein, the interaction between pyrene, a hydrophobic fluorescent probe, and HSA was thoroughly investigated using steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence techniques, ligand docking, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. A slight quenching of the fluorescence signal from Trp214 (the sole tryptophan residue in the protein) in the presence of pyrene was used to determine the ligand binding site in the protein, using Förster's resonance energy transfer (FRET) theory...
January 4, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Shurun Yu, Yong Wu, Pan Xu, Shuai Wang, Dongting Zhangsun, Sulan Luo
αO-conotoxin GeXIVA, which is a potent antagonist of α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), is of great interest as a potential analgesic for chronic neuropathic pain. It has three isomers, of which both GeXIVA[1,2] and GeXIVA[1,4] showed similar low nanomolar IC50 s in potent blocking rat α9α10 nAChRs. Here, we first reported stabilities of GeXIVA[1,2] and GeXIVA[1,4] in various biochemical circumstances, including human serum, enzymatic degradation and thiol, which would be the key factors to affect stabilities of the two isomers in vivo...
January 9, 2018: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
Aprilia Maharani, Keisuke Aoshima, Shinichi Onishi, Kevin Christian Montecillo Gulay, Atsushi Kobayashi, Takashi Kimura
Canine hemangiosarcoma (HSA) is one of the most common mesenchymal tumors in dogs. Its high metastatic and growth rates are usually associated with poor prognosis. Neoplastic cells of HSA can show various levels of cellular atypia in the same mass and may consist of various populations at different differentiated stages. Up to present, however, there is no report analyzing their differentiation states by comparing cellular atypia with differentiation-related protein expressions. To evaluate whether cellular atypia can be used as a differentiation marker in HSA, we analyzed correlation between cellular atypia and intensities of CD31 and von Willebrand Factor (vWF) staining in HSA cases...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Wei Tan, Long Yi, Zhentao Zhu, Lulu Zhang, Jiang Zhou, Gu Yuan
A guanine-rich human mature microRNA, miR-1587, was discovered to form stable intramolecular G-quadruplexes in the presence of K+, Na+ and low concentration of NH4+ (25mM) by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) combined with circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Furthermore, under high concentration of NH4+ (100mM) or molecular crowding environments, miR-1587 formed a dimeric G-quadruplex through 3'-to-3' stacking of two monomeric G-quadruplex subunits with one ammonium ion sandwiched between the interfaces...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
Teresa Żołek, Éva A Enyedy, Kinga Ostrowska, Vivien Pósa, Dorota Maciejewska
One of the latest trends is search for the new anti-psychotic drugs among coumarin derivatives with piperazine moiety. Their therapeutic potential can be hampered by poor physico-chemical parameters as low brain penetration or limited transport in the body fluid. Herein, we predicted the drug likeness of six coumarins with high affinity towards 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors. Subsequent experimental determination of their binding constants to human serum albumin (HSA) revealed the binding with a moderate strength (logK=4...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yun-De Dou, Tao Huang, Qun Wang, Xin Shu, Shi-Gang Zhao, Lei Li, Tao Liu, Gang Lu, Wai-Yee Chan, Hong-Bin Liu
PURPOSE: Characterization of the genetic landscapes of familial ovarian cancer through integrated analysis of microRNA and mRNA by partial least squares (PLS) and Monte Carlo technique based on genome-wide association studies (GWAS). METHODS: The miRNA and mRNA transcriptional data in familial ovarian cancer were characterized from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The miRNA and mRNA expression profiles in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) of 74 familial ovarian cancer patients and 47 control subjects were analyzed with the integration of partial least squares (PLS) and Monte Carlo techniques...
January 4, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Matthias J Wieser, Anna Hambach, Mathias Weymar
Visual search paradigms have provided evidence for the enhanced capture of attention by threatening faces. Especially in social anxiety, hypervigilance for threatening faces has been found repeatedly across behavioral paradigms, whose reliability however have been questioned recently. In this EEG study, we sought to determine whether the detection of threat (angry faces) is specifically enhanced in individuals with high (HSA) compared to low social anxiety (LSA). In a visual search paradigm, the N2pc component of the event-related brain potential was measured as an electrophysiological indicator of attentional selection...
January 4, 2018: Biological Psychology
Shu-Mei Wang, Wei-Xin Zeng, Wan-Shui Wu, Lu-Lu Sun, Dan Yan
Organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1A2 (OATP1A2) is involved in the cellular uptake of methotrexate (MTX). Genetic variation in solute carrier organic anion transporter family member 1A2 (SLCO1A2, the coding gene of OATP1A2) has important implications for the elimination of MTX. We investigated the association between a microRNA (miRNA) binding site polymorphism (rs4149009 G > A) in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of SLCO1A2 with the serum MTX concentrations in Chinese children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)...
January 2, 2018: Leukemia Research
P K Suresh, Naik Divya, Shah Nidhi, R Rajasekaran
The study focused on the analysis of the nature and site of binding of Phenytoin (PHT) -(a model hydrophobic drug) with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) (a model protein used as a surrogate for HSA). Interactions with defined amounts of Phenytoin and BSA demonstrated a blue shift (hypsochromic -change in the microenvironment of the tryptophan residue with decrease in the polar environment and more of hydrophobicity) with respect to the albumin protein and a red shift (bathochromic -hydrophobicity and polarity related changes) in the case of the model hydrophobic drug...
December 27, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Daniel C Ferguson, Javier G Blanco
PURPOSE: FCGRT encodes the alpha-chain component of the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn). FcRn is critical for the trafficking of endogenous and exogenous IgG molecules and albumin in various tissues. Few regulators of FcRn expression have been identified. We investigated the epigenetic regulation of FcRn by two microRNAs (hsa-miR-3181 and hsa-miR-3136-3p) acting on FCGRT. METHODS: The binding of candidate microRNAs to the 3'-untranslated region of FCGRT was evaluated using luciferase reporter constructs in CHO cells...
January 4, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
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