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Sleeve gastrectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147959/port-site-hernia-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-352-patients
#1
Ilhan Ece, Huseyin Yilmaz, Husnu Alptekin, Serdar Yormaz, Bayram Colak, Mustafa Sahin
Port site hernia (PSH) following laparoscopic procedures is a rare but serious complication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of PSH after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and the efficacy of closure of the port site as a means of preventing PSH. A retrospective analysis was performed on 386 patients who underwent LSG between December 2009 and January 2015. 352 (91.2%) of the patient were followed up for at least 24 months. In the first 206 patients, the fascial layers of the trocar incisions were not closed, while in the next 146 cases, routine closure of the trocar sites was performed...
November 16, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145284/effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgical-procedures-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
Jenny H Kang, Quang A Le
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery has proved to be an effective strategy in treating obesity. However, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of 3 most common bariatric surgery procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), reported inconsistent results. We performed a systematic review and network meta-analysis to synthesize evidence of effectiveness of the 3 common bariatric procedures from relevant RCTs. METHODS: The present study was a systematic review and network meta-analysis of RCTs...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144812/increased-bone-turnover-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-randomized-to-bariatric-surgery-vs-medical-therapy-at-5-years
#3
Megan R Crawford, Nathan Pham, Leila Khan, James F Bena, Philip R Schauer, Sangeeta R Kashyap
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the 5 year outcomes of bariatric surgery vs. intensive medical therapy on bone turnover in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) from the STAMPEDE trial. METHODS: This is an ancillary investigation of a 5 year randomized control trial at a single tertiary care center involving 95 patients aged 48.5 ± 8 years with obesity (BMI: 36.5±3.6 kg/m(2)) and uncontrolled T2DM (HbA1C: 9.3 ±1.6%). Patients were randomized to intensive medical therapy (IMT; N=25), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; N=37), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG; N=33) for diabetes treatment...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143089/surgical-treatment-of-gastro-pulmonary-fistula-following-bariatric-surgery-possible-and-safe
#4
Alon Ben Nun, David Simansky, Merav Rokah, Nona Zeitlin, Nir Golan, Ramez Abu Khalil, Michalle Soudack
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a common surgical management of morbid obesity. Major complication rate is 3-8%. Staple line leak is one of the most serious complications. In a small group of patients, a gastro-pulmonary fistula is formed. Endoscopic and minimally invasive measures are the first line of treatment with considerable success rate. There are very poor data in the literature what should be done in cases of failure. In this paper, we report our positive experience with definitive surgical repair...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135972/roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-reduces-plasma-cholesterol-in-diet-induced-obese-mice-by-affecting-trans-intestinal-cholesterol-excretion-and-intestinal-cholesterol-absorption
#5
C Blanchard, F Moreau, A Ayer, L Toque, D Garçon, L Arnaud, F Borel, A Aguesse, M Croyal, M Krempf, X Prieur, M Neunlist, B Cariou, C Le May
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery appears as the most efficient therapeutic alternative in morbidly obese patients. In addition to its efficiency to decrease body weight, it also improves metabolic complications associated to morbid obesity, including dyslipidemia. Although the cholesterol-lowering effect varies with the bariatric procedures, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain poorly defined. This study aims to assess the consequence of both restrictive (sleeve gastrectomy; SG) and malabsorptive (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; RYGB) procedures on cholesterol metabolism in mice...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135892/-lower-body-lift-in-the-massive-weight-loss-patient-a-new-classification-and-algorithm-for-gluteal-augmentation
#6
Taliah Schmitt, Samer Jabbour, Rani Makhoul, Warren Noel, Anne-Sophie Reguesse, Philippe Levan
BACKGROUND: An often neglected part of the lower body lift procedure is the gluteal region. The objective of this study is to classify the massive weight loss (MWL) patients undergoing a body lift procedure and provide a safe, standardized approach for gluteal augmentation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all body lift procedures performed between January 2012 and January 2017 was conducted. Patients undergoing a lower body lift with or without gluteal augmentation were included for analysis...
November 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127578/comparative-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-and-without-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Gautam Sharma, Andrew T Strong, Mena Boules, Chao Tu, Samuel Szomstein, Raul Rosenthal, John Rodriguez, Alan J Taege, Matthew Kroh
BACKGROUND: Paradoxically, advances in anti-retroviral therapy that has increased survival for patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have resulted in greater numbers of HIV+ patients developing other chronic diseases, including obesity. Little comparative literature exists detailing perioperative or metabolic outcomes of bariatric surgery in the HIV+ population compared to HIV negative (HIV-) controls. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with both HIV+ (case) and HIV- control patients...
November 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122706/mid-to-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-indian-population-3-7-year-results-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Harshit Garg, Sandeep Aggarwal, Mahesh Chandra Misra, Pratyusha Priyadarshini, Ashish Swami, Lokesh Kashyap, Richa Jaiswal
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have addressed the mid to long term impact of Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) on weight loss and obesity associated co-morbidities, particularly in Indian population. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of LSG in morbid obesity over 3-7 years follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of all patients who underwent LSG between January 2008 and March 2015 and completed their at least 1 year follow up till March 2016 was retrospectively reviewed using a prospectively collected database...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122527/implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-programs-for-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-francophone-large-scale-database
#9
Anissa Deneuvy, Karem Slim, Maxime Sodji, Pierre Blanc, Denis Gallet, Marie-Cécile Blanchet
BACKGROUND: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of programs for enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery (ERABS) are now well established. However, data concerning their large-scale implementation remain insufficient. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to review the multicenter implementation of ERABS SETTING: This retrospective analysis of a prospective database was conducted in 15 Groupe francophone de Rehabilitation Améliorée après ChirurgiE centers from data from March 2014 to January 2017...
October 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120924/potential-mechanisms-underlying-the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-eating-behaviour
#10
Roxanna Zakeri, Rachel L Batterham
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Reduced energy intake, resulting from favourable changes in eating behaviour, is the predominant driver of weight loss following bariatric surgery. Here we review the most recent studies examining the impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy, the two most common bariatric procedures, upon eating behaviour and the suggested underlying biological mechanisms. RECENT FINDINGS: Following RYGB or sleeve gastrectomy, most people report subjective changes in appetite, taste and food preference, with decreased high-fat preference most commonly reported...
November 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119336/bariatric-surgery-as-an-efficient-treatment-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-prospective-study-with-1-year-follow-up-bariscan-study
#11
Felix Nickel, Christian Tapking, Laura Benner, Janina Sollors, Adrian T Billeter, Hannes G Kenngott, Loay Bokhary, Mathias Schmid, Moritz von Frankenberg, Lars Fischer, Sebastian Mueller, Beat P Müller-Stich
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery gains attention as a potential treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The present study aimed to evaluate improvement of NAFLD after the two most common bariatric procedures with validated non-invasive instruments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: N = 100 patients scheduled for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) were included. NAFLD was evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively with liver stiffness measurement by transient elastography and laboratory-based fibrosis scores...
November 9, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117619/development-of-obesity-associated-comorbidities-post-bariatric-surgery-with-a-special-focus-on-diabetes-remission-and-short-term-relapse
#12
Nina Riedel, Anne Lautenbach, Jan Wilhelm Wienecke, Oliver Mann, Jörg Flitsch, Jens Aberle
Purpose The purpose of this study is to study a heterogeneous group of obese patients undergoing Bariatric surgery(BS) and its impact on glycemic control. Secondary endpoints include changes in lipid profile and albuminuria. BS has shown to effectively reduce body-weight. However, the impact on obesity-related comorbidities varies strongly between individuals. Especially postoperative short- and long-term improvement of Diabetes is an active area of investigation. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis from baseline to 24 months post bariatric surgery in our interdisciplinary obesity outpatient-clinic...
November 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116560/preoperative-and-postoperative-assessments-of-biochemical-parameters-in-patients-with-severe-obesity-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Deborah M Gregory, Laurie K Twells, Kendra K Lester, William K Midodzi, Mette Rode Pedersen, David Pace, Chris Smith, Darrell Boone, Edward W Randell, Christopher S Kovacs
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to determine the prevalence of abnormal serum biochemistries associated with micronutrient deficiencies before and after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). METHODS: Two hundred and one patients had LSG surgery between May 2011 and May 2014. Using a prospective cohort study design, data were collected on ferritin, hemoglobin (Hgb), mean cell volume (MCV), calcium, albumin, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D), PTH, and vitamin B12 with follow-up of 75...
November 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116413/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-single-anastomosis-duodeno-ileal-bypass-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-sadi-s-a-new-effective-therapeutic-approach
#14
REVIEW
Antonio Torres, Miguel A Rubio, Ana M Ramos-Leví, Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute
Obesity and its associated comorbidities entail a significantly increased cardiovascular mortality. Therefore, approaching obesity control must include among its aims the reduction of the associated comorbidities and the higher cardiovascular mortality risk and not only weight loss. Many observational studies indicate that bariatric surgery (BS) is associated with a better long-term survival than standard care. Furthermore, in general, these epidemiological studies included patients who underwent gastric bypass (GB), not biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (BPD/DS), so the potential additional benefit of this latter technique remains unknown...
November 7, 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115953/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-improves-body-composition-and-alleviates-insulin-resistance-in-obesity-related-acanthosis-nigricans
#15
Yi Zhang, Cuiling Zhu, Xin Wen, Xingchun Wang, Liang Li, Sharvan Rampersad, Liesheng Lu, Donglei Zhou, Chunhua Qian, Ran Cui, Manna Zhang, Peng Yang, Shen Qu, Le Bu
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) has a close relationship with obesity. It is believed that obesity and AN have the common pathophysiological basis such as hyperinsulinism. This study is aimed to observe the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on body composition and insulin resistance in Chinese obese patients with acanthosis nigricans. METHODS: A total of 37 obese patients who underwent LSG in our hospital were selected for analysis. They were divided into simple obesity (OB n = 14) and obesity with acanthosis nigricans (AN n = 23) group respectively...
November 7, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113813/altered-glucose-metabolism-after-bariatric-surgery-what-s-glp-1-got-to-do-with-it
#16
REVIEW
Eric P Smith, Georgina Polanco, Abid Yaqub, Marzieh Salehi
Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity. The two widely performed weight-loss procedures, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (GB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), alter postprandial glucose pattern and enhance gut hormone secretion immediately after surgery before significant weight loss. This weight-loss independent glycemic effects of GB has been attributed to an accelerated nutrient transit from stomach pouch to the gut and enhanced secretion of insulinotropic gut factors; in particular, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)...
November 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111221/portomesentric-and-splenic-vein-thrombosis-pmsvt-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-110-patients
#17
Saeed Shoar, Alan A Saber, Rebecca Rubenstein, Saeed Safari, Stacy A Brethauer, Hassan Al-Thani, Armand P Asarian, Ali Aminian
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric and splenic vein thrombosis (PMSVT) is a rare but potentially serious complication after bariatric surgery. No study has systematically analyzed its incidence and risk factors. OBJECTIVES: To pool the data regarding PMSVT after bariatric surgery and determine its incidence and risk factors. METHODS: A meta-analysis and systematic review was conducted to retrieve studies on PMSVT after bariatric surgery. RESULTS: A total of 41 eligible studies including 110 patients with postbariatric PMSVT were enrolled; the estimated incidence rate based on 13 studies was ...
September 14, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110243/problematic-alcohol-use-and-associated-characteristics-following-bariatric-surgery
#18
Kathryn E Smith, Scott G Engel, Kristine J Steffen, Luis Garcia, Karen Grothe, Afton Koball, James E Mitchell
PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that a significant minority of individuals who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) experience problematic alcohol and substance use following surgery. However, little research has examined characteristics, drinking patterns, and possible risk factors within this population. To provide descriptive information of a sample of adults with self-identified alcohol use problems following bariatric surgery, this study examined (1) alcohol and substance use symptoms using standardized assessments, (2) current and past psychiatric comorbidity, (3) subjective changes in alcohol sensitivity following surgery, and (4) specific patterns of alcohol use prior to and following bariatric surgery...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110192/endoscopic-sleeve-gastroplasty-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-laparoscopic-band-for-weight-loss-how-do-they-compare
#19
Aleksey A Novikov, Cheguevara Afaneh, Monica Saumoy, Viviana Parra, Alpana Shukla, Gregory F Dakin, Alfons Pomp, Enad Dawod, Shawn Shah, Louis J Aronne, Reem Z Sharaiha
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is a novel endobariatric procedure. Initial studies demonstrated an association of ESG with weight loss and improvement of obesity-related comorbidities. Our aim was to compare ESG to laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). METHODS: We included 278 obese (BMI > 30) patients who underwent ESG (n = 91), LSG (n = 120), or LAGB (n = 67) at our tertiary care academic center...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108405/gabapentin-given-before-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-reduces-postoperative-oxycodone-consumption-in-obese-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
Anna Rupniewska-Ladyko, Małgorzata Malec-Milewska, Ewa Kraszewska, Michal Pirozynski
BACKGROUND: Post-operative pain can be prevented. Gabapentin may be effective in this role. Our primary objective was to test the hypothesis that a prophylactic administration of gabapentin in obese patients before surgery has an opioid-sparing effect and reduces postoperative oxycodone consumption more efficiently than placebo. METHODS: The study enrolled 113 patients undergoing laparoscopic sleeve-gastrectomy under general anesthesia. The patients were randomly allocated to the control or gabapentin group and received a single oral dose of gabapentin 1200 mg or a matching placebo 1 h before surgery...
November 6, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
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