keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Urothelial carcinoma

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910890/adjuvant-radiotherapy-for-locally-advanced-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#1
Yun-Ching Huang, Ying-Hsu Chang, Kuo-Hsiung Chiu, Alan W Shindel, Chia-Hsuan Lai
There is relatively little literature on adjuvant radiotherapy after radical nephroureterectomy with bladder cuff excision (RNU) for patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). This study was designed to determine the efficacy of adjuvant radiotherapy for patients with pT3N0M0 UTUC. We retrospectively reviewed 198 patients treated with RNU between December 2001 and January 2015. Postoperative radiotherapy was administered in 40 (20.2%) of patients. Patients who received radiotherapy were younger than those that did not (65...
December 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906675/preoperative-serum-pre-albumin-as-an-independent-prognostic-indicator-in-patients-with-localized-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-after-radical-nephroureterectomy
#2
Jiwei Huang, Yanqing Wang, Yichu Yuan, Yong-Hui Chen, Wen Kong, Haige Chen, Jin Zhang, Yiran Huang
PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative pre-albumin and albumin level in patients with localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) undergoing radical nephroureterectomy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 2003 and June 2013, we evaluated data on 425 patients with nonmetastatic UTUC (Ta-4N0/+M0) who underwent radical nephroureterectomy at our institution. Low pre-albumin level was defined as <20 mg/dl, while hypoalbuminemia was defined as albumin <35 g/L...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902466/long-non-coding-rna-urothelial-carcinoma-associated-1-uca1-mediates-radiation-response-in-prostate-cancer
#3
Alireza Fotouhi Ghiam, Samira Taeb, Xiaoyong Huang, Vincent Huang, Jessica Ray, Seville Scarcello, Christianne Hoey, Sahar Jahangiri, Emmanouil Fokas, Andrew Loblaw, Robert G Bristow, Danny Vesprini, Paul Boutros, Stanley K Liu
Radioresistance remains a significant obstacle in the treatment of Prostate Cancer (PCa). To simulate the clinical scenario of irradiation resistance (IRR), we created DU145-IRR PCa cell lines by treatment with 2 Gy daily IR for 59 fractions. DU145-IRR cells acquired an aggressive phenotype as evidenced by increased clonogenic survival, tumorigenic potential and invasiveness. We performed transcriptome profiling to discover dysregulated genes in DU145-IRR cells and identified the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), Urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1)...
November 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901490/prognostic-value-of-preoperative-plasma-fibrinogen-level-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-f-plr-in-patients-with-localized-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#4
Jiwei Huang, Yichu Yuan, Yanqing Wang, Jin Zhang, Wen Kong, Haige Chen, Yonghui Chen, Yiran Huang
PURPOSE: Hemostatic factors is thought to have a potentially significant role in progression and metastasis of malignant tumors. We investigated the prognostic value of preoperative plasma fibrinogen level and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in localized upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 481 patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy for localized UTUC (pTa-4N0M0) were identified between January 2002 and June 2013...
November 25, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900023/synchronous-papillary-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-bladder-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-sarcomatoid-differentiation-a-case-report
#5
Mahizer Yaldiz, Nur Cihan Cosansu, Berna Solak, Zeynep Kahyaoglu, Mustafa Teoman Erdem
The incidence rate of multiple primary tumors is 37% in all types of cancer. A patient diagnosed with primary cancer is 1.29 times more likely to develop an additional primary cancer when compared with the general population. Furthermore, in patients diagnosed with primary cancer, the possibility of a secondary malignancy in the same or different organ is increased. Following the identification of a secondary tumor, the risk of relapse or metastasis must be considered. The present study reports the case of a 76-year-old man who was admitted to Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital (Sakarya, Turkey) with swelling of the head, which had been apparent for 15 days...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898096/on-a-fox-hunt-functions-of-fox-transcriptional-regulators-in-bladder-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Hironobu Yamashita, Vasty Osei Amponsa, Joshua I Warrick, Zongyu Zheng, Peter E Clark, Jay D Raman, Xue-Ru Wu, Cathy Mendelsohn, David J DeGraff
Genomic and transcriptional studies have identified discrete molecular subtypes of bladder cancer. These observations could be the starting point to identify new treatments. Several members of the forkhead box (FOX) superfamily of transcription factors have been found to be differentially expressed in the different bladder cancer subtypes. In addition, the FOXA protein family are key regulators of embryonic bladder development and patterning. Both experimental and clinical data support a role for FOXA1 and FOXA2 in urothelial carcinoma...
November 29, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895794/trousseau-s-syndrome-caused-by-bladder-cancer-producing-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-and-parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-a-case-report
#7
Tomonori Kato, Kenji Yasuda, Hiroaki Iida, Akihiko Watanabe, Yasuyoshi Fujiuchi, Shigeharu Miwa, Johji Imura, Akira Komiya
The present study reports a rare case of bladder cancer that caused Trousseau's syndrome, a malignancy-associated hypercoagulative state leading to venous or arterial thrombosis. A 38-year-old Japanese female patient experienced a sudden onset of visual field defects and lower limb weakness. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging revealed multi-regional hypointense areas compatible with acute cerebral infarction. Despite the repeated administration of anticoagulant treatment with heparin, the condition could not be adequately controlled and thromboembolic events occasionally recurred...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895761/c5a-receptor-expression-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-urothelial-cell-carcinoma-patients-treated-with-radical-cystectomy-or-nephroureterectomy
#8
Yoshihiro Wada, Yoshihiro Maeda, Tatsuko Kubo, Ken Kikuchi, Masatoshi Eto, Takahisa Imamura
Patients with aggressive urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) that undergo radical cystectomy or nephroureterectomy exhibit markedly high rates of disease recurrence and mortality. To select appropriate adjuvant thxerapies in addition to radical surgery, the identification of predictive prognostic markers for UCC patients is required. The aim of the present study was to identify such markers, by evaluating the association of UCC complement component 5 (C5) fragment a (C5a)receptor (C5aR) expression, detected using immunohistochemistry, with clinicopathological parameters and survival outcomes of UCC patients...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895377/frequency-and-predictors-of-recurrence-of-bladder-tumour-on-first-check-cystoscopy-a-tertiary-care-hospital-experience
#9
Muhammad Farhan, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Jibran Ahmed, Muhammad Hammad Ather
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and predictors of non-muscle invasive bladder tumour recurrence on first-check cystoscopy after transurethral resection of bladder tumour. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from April to November 2014, and comprised patients with a suspected newly-diagnosed urothelial cancer. Patients with non-muscle invasive disease with complete resection of all visible lesions along with deep biopsy from the tumour base were included...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893417/genetic-and-epigenetic-silencing-of-mircorna-506-3p-enhances-cotl1-oncogene-expression-to-foster-non-small-lung-cancer-progression
#10
Shanqi Guo, Peiying Yang, Xingkang Jiang, Xiaojiang Li, Yuanyuan Wang, Xin Zhang, Binxu Sun, Yao Zhang, Yingjie Jia
Although previous studies suggested that microRNA-506-3p (miR-506-3p) was frequently downregulated, and functioned as a tumor suppressor in several cancers, the biological role and intrinsic regulatory mechanisms of miR-506-3p in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain elusive. The present study found miR-506-3p expression was downregulated in advanced NSCLC tissues and cell lines. The expression of miR-506-3p in NSCLC was inversely correlated with larger tumor size, advanced TNM stage and lymph node metastasis...
November 22, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888981/emerging-role-of-immunotherapy-in-urothelial-carcinoma-advanced-disease
#11
REVIEW
Matthew Zibelman, Chethan Ramamurthy, Elizabeth R Plimack
Systemic therapy for metastatic urothelial carcinoma has seen minimal progress and no new approved therapies in the past 20 years. However, with the approval of the checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab in May 2016, immunotherapy inserted itself into the standard clinical dogma. The emergence of systemic immunotherapies, heralded by drugs targeting immune checkpoint blockade, can provide durable remissions in a subset of patients with a favorable toxicity profile. With other similar agents showing promise in early-phase trials, more options may be on the way...
December 2016: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888661/use-of-vimentin-immunocytochemical-staining-for-evaluation-of-atypical-cells-in-voided-urine-samples
#12
Margareta Strojan Fležar, Irena Srebotnik-Kirbiš, Helena Gutnik
BACKGROUND: Cytomorphology of exfoliated atypical reactive/repair renal tubular cells (RRTC) can resemble atypical urothelial cells thus suggesting a differential diagnostic question of urothelial neoplasia in urinary cytology. Vimentin expression has been shown in RRTC and used for differentiation from atypical urothelial cells. METHODS: The institutional computer database was searched for urinary cytology cases with vimentin immunocytochemical staining (2008-2012)...
November 26, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887951/a-multi-institutional-comparison-of-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-in-china-and-the-united-states
#13
Nirmish Singla, Dong Fang, Xiaohong Su, Zhengqing Bao, Zhenpeng Cao, Syed M Jafri, Gengyan Xiong, Lei Zhang, Ryan Hutchinson, Arthur Sagalowsky, Yair Lotan, Xuesong Li, Liqun Zhou, Jay D Raman, Vitaly Margulis
PURPOSE: To evaluate differences in clinicopathologic characteristics and oncologic outcomes between upper-tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients in China and the United States (U.S.). METHODS: Clinicopathologic and oncologic outcomes data of UTUC patients treated surgically at tertiary care medical facilities in the U.S. or China from 1998-2015 were retrospectively compiled. Baseline demographics, comorbidities, and pathologic features were evaluated. Oncologic endpoints including intravesical recurrence and cancer-specific survival (CSS) were obtained following exclusion of patients who received systemic chemotherapy...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885451/increased-nucleophosmin-expression-is-a-strong-predictor-of-recurrence-and-prognosis-in-patients-with-n0m0-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-undergoing-radical-nephroureterectomy
#14
Harutake Sawazaki, Keiichi Ito, Takako Asano, Kenji Kuroda, Akinori Sato, Junichi Asakuma, Akio Horiguchi, Kenji Seguchi, Tomohiko Asano
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate whether increased nucleophosmin expression predicts recurrence and survival in upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC). METHODS: Specimens from 101 patients with N0M0 UTUC undergoing radical nephroureterectomy were evaluated. Nucleophosmin expression was determined immunohistochemically and categorized into two groups according to nucleophosmin staining intensity. The association between nucleophosmin expression and various clinicopathological factors including Ki-67 expression was analyzed...
November 24, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882470/comparison-of-detrusor-muscle-sampling-rate-in-monopolar-and-bipolar-transurethral-resection-of-bladder-tumor-a-randomized-trial
#15
Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh, Eddie Shu-Yin Chan, Siu-Ying Yip, Ho-Man Tam, Peter Ka-Fung Chiu, Chi-Hang Yee, Hon-Ming Wong, Chi-Kwok Chan, Simon See-Ming Hou, Chi-Fai Ng
PURPOSE: Our aim was to investigate the detrusor muscle sampling rate after monopolar versus bipolar transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, phase III trial on monopolar versus bipolar TURBT. Baseline patient characteristics, disease characteristics and perioperative outcomes were compared, with the primary outcome being the detrusor muscle sampling rate in the TURBT specimen. Multivariate logistic regression analyses on detrusor muscle sampling were performed...
November 23, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879443/skeletal-metastasis-of-canine-urothelial-carcinoma-pathologic-and-computed-tomographic-features
#16
V A Charney, M A Miller, H G Heng, H Y Weng, D W Knapp
Invasive urothelial (transitional cell) carcinoma (UC) is the most common cancer in the canine urinary tract. Prolonged survival of dogs with UC due to better management of the primary tumor and prevention of urethral obstruction might have contributed to an apparent increase in distant metastasis. Metastasis to bone is particularly concerning because the ensuing pain often leads to euthanasia; however, little is known of the frequency, site, or nature of UC skeletal metastasis. In a retrospective analysis, 17 (9%) of 188 canine UC cases had histologically confirmed skeletal metastasis, mainly to the vertebrae...
November 22, 2016: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879189/gemcitabine-induced-hemolytic-uremic-syndrome-treated-with-eculizumab-or-plasmapheresis-two-case-reports%C3%A2
#17
María Esperanza López Rubio, Raquel Rodado Martínez, María Luisa Illescas, Encarnación Mateo Bosch, Mercedes Martínez Díaz, Lourdes de la Vara Inesta, Basilio Cabezuelo, María Elisa Morales Albuja, Eladio Lucas Guillén, Luisa Jimeno García
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) has shown good response to eculizumab (ECU). We present 2 cases of patients with gemcitabine-induced HUS (GEM-HUS), one of whom was treated with ECU and the other with conventional treatment. Patient 1: A 74-year-old male with resected adenocarcinoma of the pancreas started adjuvant treatment with GEM, but after 5 months GEM was discontinued due to acute kidney injury and severe hypertension. Laboratory analyses identified microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MHA) and thrombocytopenia...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878040/effect-of-contrast-media-on-urinary-cytopathology-specimens
#18
Sebastian Frees, Samir Bidnur, Michael Metcalfe, Peter Raven, Claudia Chavez-Munoz, Igor Moskalev, Ladan Fazli, Alan So
INTRODUCTION: Urological dogma dictates that washings collected from the urinary tract for cytological assessment must be performed without interference from contrast agents that may alter cellular integrity and diagnostic interpretation. In practice, the initial contrast used to outline the upper tracts is commonly discarded with subsequent saline washings sent for cytology. We hypothesize that contrast washings do not affect the morphology of urothelial carcinoma cells or the integrity of cytology interpretation...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875859/clinical-significance-of-preoperative-renal-function-and-gross-hematuria-for-intravesical-recurrence-after-radical-nephroureterectomy-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#19
Takeshi Hashimoto, Jun Nakashima, Takeshi Kashima, Yosuke Hirasawa, Kenji Shimodaira, Tatsuo Gondo, Yoshihiro Nakagami, Kazunori Namiki, Yutaka Horiguchi, Yoshio Ohno, Makoto Ohori, Masaaki Tachibana
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive values of perioperative factors and to develop a nomogram for intravesical recurrence after radical nephroureterectomy in patients with upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 144 patients who underwent radical nephroureterectomy from 1996 to 2014 was carried out. The actuarial probabilities of the intravesical recurrence-free survival rate were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875858/contemporary-rates-of-pathological-features-and-mortality-for-adenocarcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-in-the-usa
#20
Emanuele Zaffuto, Stéphanie Gazdovich, Sami-Ramzi Leyh-Bannurah, Hartwig Huland, Firas Abdollah, Shahrokh F Shariat, Mani Menon, Alberto Briganti, Francesco Montorsi, Pierre I Karakiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To examine contemporary rates of pathological features and mortality for adenocarcinoma of the urinary bladder in the USA using population-based data analysis. METHODS: We relied on 10 024 patients with non-metastatic bladder cancer diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 within the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results registries. Logistic regression analyses focused on grade and stage. Kaplan-Meier analyses assessed cancer-specific mortality rates in adenocarcinoma and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
keyword
keyword
19765
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"