keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gastric bypass

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330917/mitochondrial-respiratory-capacity-remains-stable-despite-a-comprehensive-and-sustained-increase-in-insulin-sensitivity-in-obese-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass-surgery
#1
Michael T Lund, Steen Larsen, Merethe Hansen, Julie Courraud, Andrea K Floyd, Mikael Støckel, Jørn W Helge, Flemming Dela
AIM: It has been proposed, but not yet demonstrated by convincing evidence in published articles, that insulin resistance and mitochondrial respiratory function are causally-related physiological phenomena. Here, we tested the prediction that weight loss induced increase in insulin sensitivity will correlate with a corresponding change in mitochondrial respiratory capacity over the same time period. METHODS: Insulin sensitivity was evaluated using the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycemic clamp technique and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity was evaluated by high-resolution respirometry in 26 patients with obesity...
January 13, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329975/risk-of-suicide-and-non-fatal-self-harm-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-two-matched-cohort-studies
#2
Martin Neovius, Gustaf Bruze, Peter Jacobson, Kajsa Sjöholm, Kari Johansson, Fredrik Granath, Johan Sundström, Ingmar Näslund, Claude Marcus, Johan Ottosson, Markku Peltonen, Lena M S Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery reduces mortality, but might have adverse effects on mental health. We assessed the risk of suicide and self-harm after bariatric surgery compared with non-surgical obesity treatment. METHODS: Suicide and non-fatal self-harm events retrieved from nationwide Swedish registers were examined in two cohorts. The non-randomised, prospective Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study compared bariatric surgery (n=2010; 1369 vertical-banded gastroplasty, 376 gastric banding, and 265 gastric bypass) with usual care (n=2037; recruitment 1987-2001)...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327183/bidirectional-jejunojejunal-anastomosis-prevents-early-small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-the-kinking-after-closure-of-the-mesenteric-defect-in-the-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#3
Pierre Munier, Hefzi Alratrout, Iole Siciliano, Philippe Keller
BACKGROUND: The closure of the mesenteric defects (CMD) in Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) reduces the risk of small bowel obstruction (SBO) due to internal hernia but might be associated with an increased risk of early SBO triggered by the jejunojejunal anastomosis (JJS) kinking. The aim of this study was to assess how enlarging the JJS with a bidirectional linear stapling can aid in avoiding the risk of early SBO by kinking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study concerns 1327 patients who underwent RYGB with CMD between May 2007 and August 2016...
January 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327182/changes-in-iron-absorption-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#4
Wendy Schijns, Marjolein A P Ligthart, Frits J Berends, Ignace M C Janssen, Cees J H M van Laarhoven, Edo O Aarts, Hans de Boer
INTRODUCTION: Iron deficiency is one of the most common deficiencies that may occur after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Little is known about the optimal treatment of post-RYGB iron deficiency. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in iron absorption characteristics after RYGB for two oral iron formulations, one presented in tablet form and one as in the form of a solution. METHOD: Iron absorption in 24 obese women was studied before and 1 month after RYGB...
January 11, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325617/wilson-disease-and-related-copper-disorders
#5
Matthew T Lorincz
Copper is a required cofactor for enzymes in critical metabolic pathways. Mutations in copper metabolism genes or abnormalities in copper metabolism result in disease from copper excess or deficiency. Wilson disease (WD) is an autosomal-recessive disease caused by mutations in the ATP7B gene which encodes a copper-transporting ATPase. Over 500 different WD mutations throughout the ATP7B gene have been described, most of which are missense mutations. Mutations in both ATP7B alleles result in abnormal copper metabolism and subsequent toxic accumulation of copper...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319835/gastrisk-bypass-fyller-50-%C3%A3-r-fetmaoperationen-som-visade-sig-fungera-mot-diabetes
#6
Per Videhult
Mason performed the first gastric bypass (GBP) for obesity in 1967 after having observed substantial weight loss in patients operated for gastric ulcer.  The weight loss after GBP is 30 % and 2/3 of patients with type II diabetes can stop their medication. Half of the patients can stop medication for hypertension or hyperlipidemia, 75% are cured from reflux and obstructive sleep apnea. GBP prolongs survival especially among diabetics. Restriction and malabsorption is of minor importance for weight loss. The mechanisms underlying weight loss and diabetes remissions are endocrine...
January 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318505/single-session-eus-guided-temporary-gastro-gastrostomy-and-ercp-following-gastric-bypass
#7
Dario Ligresti, Michele Amata, Antonino Granata, Fabio Cipolletta, Luca Barresi, Mario Traina, Ilaria Tarantino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318504/oral-vitamin-b12-supplementation-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-systematic-review
#8
Kamal K Mahawar, Alastair Reid, Yitka Graham, Lindes Callejas-Diaz, Chetan Parmar, William Rj Carr, Neil Jennings, Rishi Singhal, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: Many respectable guidelines recommend lifelong vitamin B12 injections for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients in the absence of lack of consensus on the efficacy of oral route of prophylaxis and the appropriate doses needed for this purpose. The purpose of this review was to examine the published English language scientific literature in accordance with PRISMA principles to find out if orally given vitamin B12 is adequate for prophylactic purposes in RYGB patients and the appropriate dosages needed for this purpose if it is...
January 9, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318008/novel-technique-using-a-bioabsorbable-prosthesis-with-fibrin-glue-fixation-to-prevent-a-petersen-s-space-hernia
#9
Mark Magdy, Hyerim Suh, Vytauras Kuzinkovas
Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is a bariatric operation that is effective for long-term weight loss. Although rare, one serious complication is an internal hernia through Petersen's space, which may result in bowel strangulation. Although the incidence of internal hernia can be reduced through closing the Petersen's defect, it does not eliminate the risk. This case describes a novel and reliable method to close Petersen's defect. We report the case of a 30-year-old female who underwent a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for the management of morbid obesity...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313318/gastric-leaks-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-focus-on-pathogenetic-factors
#10
Francesco Frattini, Roberto Delpini, Davide Inversini, Vincenzo Pappalardo, Stefano Rausei, Giulio Carcano
As reported by The International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity (IFSO) worldwide survey on bariatric surgery, sleeve gastrectomy has become the second most performed bariatric/metabolic procedure in the world just after gastric bypass. If we consider complications, despite a recent systematic review and meta-analysis that reported a substantial decrease in sleeve gastrectomy complication rates, leaks after sleeve gastrectomy still rate between 0 and 18%. Unlike the leaks of other types of gastrointestinal surgery, leaks after sleeve gastrectomy are challenging in diagnosis and treatment and can lead to sepsis, multiple organ failure, and even death...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313123/15-year-experience-of-laparoscopic-single-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass-comparison-with-other-bariatric-procedures
#11
Nawaf Alkhalifah, Wei-Jei Lee, Tan Chun Hai, Kong-Han Ser, Jung-Chien Chen, Chun-Chi Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic single anastomosis (mini-)gastric bypass (LSAGB) has been validated as a safe and effective treatment for morbid obesity. However, data of the long-term outcome remain lacking. METHODS: Between October 2001 and December 2015, 1731 morbidly obese patients who received LSAGB as primary bariatric procedure at the Min-Sheng General Hospital were recruited. Surgical outcome, weight loss, resolution of comorbidities, and late complications were followed, then compared with groups of laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG)...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311357/cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-adolescent-bariatric-surgery
#12
Marc P Michalsky, Thomas H Inge, Todd M Jenkins, Changchun Xie, Anita Courcoulas, Michael Helmrath, Mary L Brandt, Carroll M Harmon, Mike Chen, John B Dixon, Elaine M Urbina
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Severely obese adolescents harbor numerous cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVD-RFs), which improve after metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS). However, predictors of change in CVD-RFs among adolescents have not yet been reported. METHODS: The Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study (NCT00474318) prospectively collected anthropometric and health status data on 242 adolescents undergoing MBS at 5 centers. Predictors of change in CVD-RFs (blood pressure, lipids, glucose homeostasis, and inflammation) 3 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and vertical sleeve gastrectomy were examined...
January 8, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310367/should-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-biliopancreatic-limb-length-be-tailored-to-achieve-improved-diabetes-outcomes
#13
Mário Nora, Tiago Morais, Rui Almeida, Marta Guimarães, Mariana P Monteiro
The objective is to access the role of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) biliopancreatic limb (BPL) length in type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes.RYGB is more effective than medical intervention for T2D treatment in obese patients. Despite the scarcity of available data, previous reports suggest that modifications of the RYGB limb lengths could improve the antidiabetic effects of the surgery.A cohort of obese T2D patients (n = 114) were submitted to laparoscopic RYGB, either with a standard BPL (SBPL) (n = 41; BPL 84 ± 2 cm) or long BPL (LBPL) (n = 73; BPL = 200 cm) and routinely monitored for weight loss and diabetic status up to 5 years after surgery...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310339/an-unusual-case-of-perforation-of-the-alimentary-canal-following-bigu-a-taoist-fasting-technique
#14
Jun Wang, Jun Jin, Xiaofeng Xue, Yan Hao, Dongrong Li, Shan Xu, Fang Huang
RATIONALE: Bigu is a Taoist fasting technique interpreted as avoiding grains in the Encyclopedia of China. This technique has been used from ancient times to the present day in China and other parts of the world to achieve good health, weight loss, longevity, and even immortality. A variety of health problems have been identified in relation to the severe diet during Bigu. However, perforation of the alimentary canal has not been reported to be associated with Bigu. In the present study, we illustrated an unusual case of perforation of the alimentary canal in relation to Bigu...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307107/upregulation-of-ghrelin-gene-expression-in-the-excluded-stomach-of-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-the-surmetagit-study
#15
Danielle Cristina Fonseca, Priscila Sala, Joelle Singer, Pierre Singer, Raquel Susana Torrinhas, Dan Linetzky Waitzberg
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms of type 2 diabetes remission (T2Dr) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) in obese patients appear to involve gastrointestinal hormones. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to explore changes in ghrelin plasma levels and ghrelin gastrointestinal gene expression (GHRL) after RYGB, and their relationships to T2Dr. SETTING: In 20 obese women with T2D, before and 3 months after RYGB, we assessed GHRL expression by microarray and quantitative RT-PCR in gastrointestinal biopsy samples and plasma levels of ghrelin...
January 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306650/common-weight-loss-procedures-and-their-complications
#16
REVIEW
Maria S Altieri, Brian Wright, Andrew Peredo, Aurora D Pryor
BACKGROUND: As the number of obese patients in the United States continues to grow, there is a parallel increase in the number of bariatric surgery patients. A quarter of these patients will return to the Emergency Department (ED) within the first two years of the index procedure. OBJECTIVE: An understanding of the most common bariatric procedures and their related complications will greatly aide the Emergency Medicine physician in the care of these patients. DISCUSSION: Abdominal pain is the most common reason for bariatric patients to present to the ED and can represent a diagnostic challenge to EM physicians...
December 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306610/hypoglycemia-during-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-among-post-bariatric-surgery-pregnant-patients-incidence-and-perinatal-significance
#17
Amihai Rottenstreich, Ram Elazary, Yossef Ezra, Geffen Kleinstern, Nahum Beglaibter, Uriel Elchalal
BACKGROUND: While hypoglycemia during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) has been shown to occur in a considerable portion of nonpregnant post-bariatric surgery (BS) patients, its incidence among pregnant post-BS patients evaluated for gestational diabetes has only been sparsely studied. OBJECTIVES: We investigated OGTT results and pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women who underwent 3 types of bariatric procedures before pregnancy. SETTING: A university hospital...
December 8, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306011/adaptation-of-human-gut-microbiota-to-bariatric-surgeries-in-morbidly-obese-patients-a-systematic-review
#18
Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Pooneh Angoorani, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Seyed-Davar Siadat, Nasrin Ghasemi, Bagher Larijani, Ahmad-Reza Soroush
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgeries have turned to be a popular therapeutic option for morbid obesity nowadays. Gut microbiota is supposed to be responsible as a part of the bariatric surgeries success. In this systematic review, we detailed the human studies which investigated the effect of different bariatric surgeries on the composition of gut microbiota. METHODS: We did a comprehensive search in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for all clinical trials and longitudinal observational studies documented up to December 2015...
January 3, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305305/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-the-procedureless-intragastric-balloon
#19
Salman Alsabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Shehab Ekrouf, Ahmad Almulla, Saud Al-Subaie, Mubarak Al Kendari
BACKGROUND: Obesity is on a continuous rise worldwide, and with it, novel bariatric procedures have emerged. The introduction of gastric balloons has opened up a nonsurgical option for patients opting for it. However, they still require some form of sedation and endoscopy for insertion and/or removal. OBJECTIVES: The Elipse balloon is a novel creation that has managed to bypass both these procedures; therefore, the investigation into its effectiveness is of importance...
December 9, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305304/sleeve-gastrectomy-surgery-when-2-alcoholic-drinks-are-converted-to-4
#20
María Belén Acevedo, J Christopher Eagon, Bruce D Bartholow, Samuel Klein, Kathleen K Bucholz, Marta Yanina Pepino
BACKGROUND: While it is well established that Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) causes a rapid and heightened peak blood alcohol concentration (BAC), results from previous studies on the effects of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on alcohol pharmacokinetics are conflicting. Data from 2 studies found SG did not affect BAC, whereas another study found SG caused a heightened peak BAC after alcohol ingestion. Moreover, these 3 studies estimated BAC from breathalyzers, which might not reliably estimate peak BAC...
November 10, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
1976
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"