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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767068/influence-of-health-warnings-on-beliefs-about-the-health-effects-of-cigarette-smoking-in-the-context-of-an-experimental-study-in-four-asian-countries
#1
Jessica L Reid, Seema Mutti-Packer, Prakash C Gupta, Qiang Li, Jiang Yuan, Nigar Nargis, A K M Ghulam Hussain, David Hammond
Cigarette package health warnings can be an important and low-cost means of communicating the health risks of smoking. We examined whether viewing health warnings in an experimental study influenced beliefs about the health effects of smoking, by conducting surveys with ~500 adult male smokers and ~500 male and female youth (age 16-18) in Beijing, China (n = 1070), Mumbai area, India (n = 1012), Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 1018), and Republic of Korea (n = 1362). Each respondent was randomly assigned to view and rate pictorial health warnings for 2 of 15 different health effects, after which they reported beliefs about whether smoking caused 12 health effects...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747437/crystal-structure-of-the-human-pol%C3%AF%C2%B5-b-subunit-in-complex-with-the-c-terminal-domain-of-the-catalytic-subunit
#2
Andrey G Baranovskiy, Jianyou Gu, Nigar D Babayeva, Igor Kurinov, Youri I Pavlov, Tahir H Tahirov
The eukaryotic B-family DNA polymerases include four members, Polα, Polδ, Polϵ, and Polζ, which share common architectural features, such as the exonuclease/polymerase and C-terminal domains (CTDs) of catalytic subunits bound to indispensable B-subunits, which serve as scaffolds that mediate interactions with other components of the replication machinery. Crystal structures for the B-subunits of Polα and Polδ/Polζ have been reported; the former within the primosome and separately with CTD, and the latter with the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the C-subunit...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733768/estimates-of-health-utility-scores-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#3
Nigar Sekercioglu, Bryan Curtis, Sean Murphy, Gord Blackhouse, Brendan Barrett
INTRODUCTION: Coverage decisions in publicly funded healthcare systems require a formal, systematic and transparent assessment process for policies related to distribution of resources. The process is complex and employs multiple types of information, such as clinical effectiveness, costs and health utility scores which are used to produce quality-adjusted life years. The purpose of this study was to create health utility scores for CKD patients within the Canadian population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of CKD patients...
July 21, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729484/comment-on-the-4fe4s-cluster-of-human-dna-primase-functions-as-a-redox-switch-using-dna-charge-transport
#4
Andrey G Baranovskiy, Nigar D Babayeva, Yinbo Zhang, Luis Blanco, Youri I Pavlov, Tahir H Tahirov
O'Brien et al (Research Article, 24 February 2017, eaag1789) proposed a novel mechanism of primase function based on redox activity of the iron-sulfur cluster buried inside the C-terminal domain of the large primase subunit (p58C). Serious problems in the experimental design and data interpretation raise concerns about the validity of the conclusions.
July 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711517/prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Safa Anwar, Nigar Shikalgar
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is recognized as one of the most common endocrinopathies in women of reproductive age, associated with metabolic sequelae which includes increased risk factors for impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The adverse effects of DM2 affects a woman throughout her lifespan. Health care expenditure of DM2 highlights the need for prevention through appropriate screening, diagnosis and intervention. Lifestyle modification (LSM) programs that include diet and/or physical activity are suggested for patients characterized as prediabetic to delay the onset of adult DM2...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710346/the-right-way-to-kiss-directionality-bias-in-head-turning-during-kissing
#6
A K M Rezaul Karim, Michael J Proulx, Alexandra A de Sousa, Chhanda Karmaker, Arifa Rahman, Fahria Karim, Naima Nigar
Humans have a bias for turning to the right in a number of settings. Here we document a bias in head-turning to the right in adult humans, as tested in the act of kissing. We investigated head-turning bias in both kiss initiators and kiss recipients for lip kissing, and took into consideration differences due to sex and handedness, in 48 Bangladeshi heterosexual married couples. We report a significant male bias in the initiation of kissing and a significant bias in head-turning to the right in both kiss initiators and kiss recipients, with a tendency among kiss recipients to match their partners' head-turning direction...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704751/protective-effect-of-ferulic-acid-on-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats
#7
Erliasa Bami, Ozlem Bingol Ozakpınar, Zarife Nigar Ozdemir-Kumral, Kutay Köroglu, Feriha Ercan, Zeynep Cirakli, Turgut Sekerler, Fikret Vehbi Izzettin, Mesut Sancar, Betul Okuyan
This study aims to determine the potential protective effects of ferulic acid against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and to compare its effect with curcumin, a well-known protective agent against cisplatin- induced toxicity in rats. Administration of cisplatin resulted in high BUN (Blood Urea Nitrogen), creatinine, MDA (Malondialdehyde), MPO (Myeloperoxidase), TOS (Total Oxidative Status), PtNT (Protein Nitrotyrosine) levels (p<0.05). Histological observations showed abnormal morphology of kidney; in addition with appearance of TUNEL positive cells indicating apoptosis in cisplatin administered group...
July 1, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691034/the-effects-of-time-lag-and-cure-rate-on-the-global-dynamics-of-hiv-1-model
#8
Nigar Ali, Gul Zaman, Abdullah, Aisha M Alqahtani, Ali Saleh Alshomrani
In this research article, a new mathematical model of delayed differential equations is developed which discusses the interaction among CD4 T cells, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and recombinant virus with cure rate. The model has two distributed intracellular delays. These delays denote the time needed for the infection of a cell. The dynamics of the model are completely described by the basic reproduction numbers represented by R0, R1, and R2. It is shown that if R0 < 1, then the infection-free equilibrium is locally as well as globally stable...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690060/genetically-modified-lactococcus-lactis-producing-a-green-fluorescent-protein-bovine-lactoferrin-fusion-protein-suppresses-proinflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-raw-264-7-cells
#9
S Shigemori, F Namai, Y Yamamoto, S Nigar, T Sato, T Ogita, T Shimosato
Lactoferrin (LF), an iron-binding glycoprotein distributed widely in the biological fluids of mammals, is believed to play an important role in host defenses against infection. Previous studies in animal models and humans demonstrated that combined administration of LF and probiotic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) can prevent sepsis. In this study, we genetically engineered a probiotic LAB strain, Lactococcus lactis, to produce recombinant bovine LF based on the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-fused expression system...
September 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658836/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-due-to-idiopathic-oesophageal-ulceration-in-the-era-of-haart-a-vanishing-yet-pernicious-aetiology
#10
Sofia Nigar, Tagore Sunkara, Mel A Ona, Vinaya Gaduputi, Madhavi Reddy
Oesophageal ulcers are a rare cause of upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding (GIB). In patients with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), oesophageal diseases including oesophageal ulcers are very common. Idiopathic Oesophageal Ulcers (IOU) comprises a subgroup of oesophageal ulcers with no identifiable cause. IOU mainly present as odynophagia, retrosternal chest pain, decreased oral intake, and weight loss. Upper GIB is a rare presentation. In the era of Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART), with improvement in CD4 count, this entity is almost forgotten...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611554/giant-fecalith-causing-near-intestinal-obstruction-and-rectal-ischemia
#11
Sofia Nigar, Tagore Sunkara, Andrea Culliford, Vinaya Gaduputi
Fecal impaction if left untreated can lead to the hardening of stools and the formation of fecalith. Fecaliths rarely cause serious complications and are usually managed conservatively. We present this rare case of a giant fecalith causing near obstruction in an institutionalized paraplegic patient at high risk for chronic constipation and fecal impaction. This case was also unusual for causing ischemic pressure necrosis in the rectum, thereby highlighting the possible serious complications of fecalith.
January 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560627/testing-the-ekc-hypothesis-by-considering-trade-openness-urbanization-and-financial-development-the-case-of-turkey
#12
Nesrin Ozatac, Korhan K Gokmenoglu, Nigar Taspinar
This study investigates the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis for the case of Turkey from 1960 to 2013 by considering energy consumption, trade, urbanization, and financial development variables. Although previous literature examines various aspects of the EKC hypothesis for the case of Turkey, our model augments the basic model with several covariates to develop a better understanding of the relationship among the variables and to refrain from omitted variable bias. The results of the bounds test and the error correction model under autoregressive distributed lag mechanism suggest long-run relationships among the variables as well as proof of the EKC and the scale effect in Turkey...
July 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553881/the-relationship-between-levels-of-plasma-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-supar-and-presence-of-migraine-attack-and-aura
#13
Nigar Yılmaz, Mustafa Yılmaz, Burcu Sirin, Sureyya Yılmaztekin, Gülnihal Kutlu
Migraine is one of the most common types of pain associated with sterile inflammatory conditions. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a potential novel inflammatory marker. We aim to determine the association between serum values of suPAR, procalcitonin, fibrinogen, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and migraine disease characteristics. The study involved a total of 60 migraine patients (33 patients in the interictal period, 27 patients in the attack period) and 30 healthy individuals...
October 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547748/do-personality-traits-of-nurses-have-an-effect-on-conflict-management-strategies
#14
Nigar Erdenk, Serap Altuntaş
AIM: This research was conducted in a descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional design to determine whether personality traits of nurses have an effect on conflict management strategies. BACKGROUND: It is known that integration, avoidance and compromise conflict management strategies are the most frequent strategies used among nurses and obligation and domination are the least frequent. However, the reasons behind their strategy choice are not known. It is predicted that one of the reasons is the personality characteristics of the nurses...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533797/high-dose-rate-interstitial-brachytherapy-for-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-trial-results-of-azerbaijan-national-center-of-oncology
#15
Jamil A Aliyev, Isa H Isayev, Kamal S Akbarov, Samir S Qurbanov, Ruslan R Huseynov, Nigar S Aliyeva
PURPOSE: To describe early results of two cohorts of patients with low and intermediate risk of early breast cancer treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using different schedules of multicatheter brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with early stage breast cancer after breast conserving surgery were enrolled for a prospective analysis. The APBI, using multicatheter brachytherapy, was delivered either eight times 4 Gy in five days with a planned total dose of 32 Gy, or seven times 5 Gy in four days with a planned total dose of 35 Gy...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531247/the-health-cost-of-tobacco-use-in-uganda
#16
Nigar Nargis, Kellen Nyamurungi, Sebastian Olakira Baine, Daniel Kadobera
The economic cost of tobacco use is well documented in high-income countries. It has been measured in relatively fewer low-and middle-income countries, and much less in sub-Saharan Africa despite the longstanding recognition of significant current and future health risk to people attributed by tobacco use in this region. This article fills this gap by estimating the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa. This study estimates the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda using the cost-of-illnesses approach based on data collected from a survey of patients and caregivers in four major service centers in Mulago National Referral Hospital, namely, Uganda Cancer Institute, Uganda Heart Institute, Chest Clinic and Diabetic Clinic, key informant interviews and secondary sources for the year 2014...
May 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512560/the-start-up-of-the-first-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-center-in-the-iraqi-kurdistan-a-capacity-building-cooperative-project-by-the-hiwa-cancer-hospital-sulaymaniyah-and-the-italian-agency-for-development-cooperation-an-innovative-approach
#17
Ignazio Majolino, Dosti Othman, Attilio Rovelli, Dastan Hassan, Luqman Rasool, Michele Vacca, Nigar Abdalrahman, Chra Abdullah, Zhalla Ahmed, Dlir Ali, Kosar Ali, Chiara Broggi, Cinzia Calabretta, Marta Canesi, Gloria Ciabatti, Claudia Del Fante, Elisabetta De Sapio, Giovanna Dore, Andrea Frigato, Marcela Gabriel, Francesco Ipsevich, Harem Kareem, Dana Karim, Rosa Leone, Tavan Mahmood, Annunziata Manna, Maria Speranza Massei, Andrea Mastria, Dereen Mohammed, Rebar Mohammed, Khoshnaw Najmaddin, Diana Noori, Angelo Ostuni, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Ali Qadir, Giorgio Real, Rebwar Shrif, Caterina Valdatta, Stefania Vasta, Marta Verna, Mariangela Vittori, Awder Yousif, Francesco Zallio, Alessandro Calisti, Sergio Quattrocchi, Corrado Girmenia
We describe the entire process leading to the start-up of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center at the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Iraqi Region. This capacity building project was funded by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and implemented with the support of the volunteer work of Italian professionals, either physicians, nurses, biologists and technicians. The intervention started in April 2016, was based exclusively on training and coaching on site, that represent a significant innovative approach, and led to a first autologous transplant in June 2016 and to the first allogeneic transplant in October...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496538/iron-pill-gastritis-an-under-diagnosed-condition-with-potentially-serious-outcomes
#18
Tagore Sunkara, Megan E Caughey, Sofia Nigar, Raquel Olivo, Vinaya Gaduputi
Given the ubiquitous use of oral iron therapy, their side effects are often encountered and well recognized in clinical practice. However, iron pill gastritis remains an often under-reported and elusive diagnosis. An astute clinician should be aware of this condition in order to promptly discontinue oral iron and institute timely treatment. Here in, we present a case of a 46-year-old woman who presented to the gastroenterology clinic with vague epigastric pain and microcytic anemia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple gastric erosions and non-bleeding gastric antral ulcer with biopsies showing excessive iron deposition suggestive of iron pill gastritis...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482242/does-telomerase-activity-have-an-effect-on-infertility-in-patients-with-endometriosis
#19
Nigar Sofiyeva, Seda Ekizoglu, Altay Gezer, Handan Yilmaz, Tugba Kolomuc Gayretli, Nur Buyru, Engin Oral
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of telomerase activity in the development of endometriosis-related infertility by evaluation of the serum telomerase in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissue. STUDY DESIGN: Eutopic endometrium, cystic wall/ovarian cortex, and venous blood were assessed in forty-seven patients. The following groups of patients were identified: females with endometriosis requiring surgical intervention and healthy control females...
June 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467981/-methotrexate-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-protective-effect-of-mistletoe-viscum-album-l-extract
#20
Esin Sakalli Çetin, Hasan Tetiker, Özgür İlhan Çelik, Nigar Yılmaz, İbrahim Hakkı Ciğerci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
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