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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547748/do-personality-traits-of-nurses-have-an-effect-on-conflict-management-strategies
#1
Nigar Erdenk, Serap Altuntaş
AIM: This research was conducted in a descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional design to determine whether personality traits of nurses have an effect on conflict management strategies. BACKGROUND: It is known that integration, avoidance and compromise conflict management strategies are the most frequent strategies used among nurses and obligation and domination are the least frequent. However, the reasons behind their strategy choice are not known. It is predicted that one of the reasons is the personality characteristics of the nurses...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533797/high-dose-rate-interstitial-brachytherapy-for-accelerated-partial-breast-irradiation-trial-results-of-azerbaijan-national-center-of-oncology
#2
Jamil A Aliyev, Isa H Isayev, Kamal S Akbarov, Samir S Qurbanov, Ruslan R Huseynov, Nigar S Aliyeva
PURPOSE: To describe early results of two cohorts of patients with low and intermediate risk of early breast cancer treated with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) using different schedules of multicatheter brachytherapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with early stage breast cancer after breast conserving surgery were enrolled for a prospective analysis. The APBI, using multicatheter brachytherapy, was delivered either eight times 4 Gy in five days with a planned total dose of 32 Gy, or seven times 5 Gy in four days with a planned total dose of 35 Gy...
April 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531247/the-health-cost-of-tobacco-use-in-uganda
#3
Nigar Nargis, Kellen Nyamurungi, Sebastian Olakira Baine, Daniel Kadobera
The economic cost of tobacco use is well documented in high-income countries. It has been measured in relatively fewer low-and middle-income countries, and much less in sub-Saharan Africa despite the longstanding recognition of significant current and future health risk to people attributed by tobacco use in this region. This article fills this gap by estimating the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda, a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa. This study estimates the economic cost of tobacco use in Uganda using the cost-of-illnesses approach based on data collected from a survey of patients and caregivers in four major service centers in Mulago National Referral Hospital, namely, Uganda Cancer Institute, Uganda Heart Institute, Chest Clinic and Diabetic Clinic, key informant interviews and secondary sources for the year 2014...
May 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512560/the-start-up-of-the-first-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-center-in-the-iraqi-kurdistan-a-capacity-building-cooperative-project-by-the-hiwa-cancer-hospital-sulaymaniyah-and-the-italian-agency-for-development-cooperation-an-innovative-approach
#4
Ignazio Majolino, Dosti Othman, Attilio Rovelli, Dastan Hassan, Luqman Rasool, Michele Vacca, Nigar Abdalrahman, Chra Abdullah, Zhalla Ahmed, Dlir Ali, Kosar Ali, Chiara Broggi, Cinzia Calabretta, Marta Canesi, Gloria Ciabatti, Claudia Del Fante, Elisabetta De Sapio, Giovanna Dore, Andrea Frigato, Marcela Gabriel, Francesco Ipsevich, Harem Kareem, Dana Karim, Rosa Leone, Tavan Mahmood, Annunziata Manna, Maria Speranza Massei, Andrea Mastria, Dereen Mohammed, Rebar Mohammed, Khoshnaw Najmaddin, Diana Noori, Angelo Ostuni, Angelo Palmas, Marco Possenti, Ali Qadir, Giorgio Real, Rebwar Shrif, Caterina Valdatta, Stefania Vasta, Marta Verna, Mariangela Vittori, Awder Yousif, Francesco Zallio, Alessandro Calisti, Sergio Quattrocchi, Corrado Girmenia
We describe the entire process leading to the start-up of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center at the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Iraqi Region. This capacity building project was funded by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and implemented with the support of the volunteer work of Italian professionals, either physicians, nurses, biologists and technicians. The intervention started in April 2016, was based exclusively on training and coaching on site, that represent a significant innovative approach, and led to a first autologous transplant in June 2016 and to the first allogeneic transplant in October...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496538/iron-pill-gastritis-an-under-diagnosed-condition-with-potentially-serious-outcomes
#5
Tagore Sunkara, Megan E Caughey, Sofia Nigar, Raquel Olivo, Vinaya Gaduputi
Given the ubiquitous use of oral iron therapy, their side effects are often encountered and well recognized in clinical practice. However, iron pill gastritis remains an often under-reported and elusive diagnosis. An astute clinician should be aware of this condition in order to promptly discontinue oral iron and institute timely treatment. Here in, we present a case of a 46-year-old woman who presented to the gastroenterology clinic with vague epigastric pain and microcytic anemia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple gastric erosions and non-bleeding gastric antral ulcer with biopsies showing excessive iron deposition suggestive of iron pill gastritis...
April 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482242/does-telomerase-activity-have-an-effect-on-infertility-in-patients-with-endometriosis
#6
Nigar Sofiyeva, Seda Ekizoglu, Altay Gezer, Handan Yilmaz, Tugba Kolomuc Gayretli, Nur Buyru, Engin Oral
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the role of telomerase activity in the development of endometriosis-related infertility by evaluation of the serum telomerase in eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissue. STUDY DESIGN: Eutopic endometrium, cystic wall/ovarian cortex, and venous blood were assessed in forty-seven patients. The following groups of patients were identified: females with endometriosis requiring surgical intervention and healthy control females...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467981/-methotrexate-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-rats-protective-effect-of-mistletoe-viscum-album-l-extract
#7
Esin Sakalli Çetin, Hasan Tetiker, Özgür İlhan Çelik, Nigar Yılmaz, İbrahim Hakkı Ciğerci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Complementary Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441573/the-role-of-negative-affect-and-message-credibility-in-perceived-effectiveness-of-smokeless-tobacco-health-warning-labels-in-navi-mumbai-india-and-dhaka-bangladesh-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#8
Seema Mutti-Packer, Jessica L Reid, James F Thrasher, Daniel Romer, Geoffrey T Fong, Prakash C Gupta, Mangesh S Pednekar, Nigar Nargis, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: There is strong evidence showing that pictorial health warnings are more effective than text-only warnings. However, much of this evidence comes from high-income countries and is limited to cigarette packaging. Moreover, few studies have identified mechanisms that might explain the impact of warnings. METHODS: The current study examined the potential mediating role of negative affect and the moderating influence of message credibility in perceived effectiveness of smokeless tobacco warnings in two low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)...
April 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420921/potential-of-ascorbic-acid-as-antioxidant-on-chemotherapeutic-agent-induced-change-in-morphology-of-testes
#9
Aisha Abdul Haq, Soofia Nigar, Dureshewar Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the morphological changes in number of seminiferous tubules that are produced by anthracycline doxorubicin on the testes of mice. METHODS: This experimental study was conducted at Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from March to August 2012, and comprised male mice aged up to five weeks. The mice were separated into 3 equal groups: A, B and C. Each animal was treated with normal saline 1ml intraperitoneal in group A, doxorubicin alone in group B and doxorubicin + vitamin C in group C...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265170/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-fibromyalgia-rapid-screening-tool-first
#10
Reyhan Celiker, Lale Altan, Aylin Rezvani, Ilknur Aktas, Nurettin Tastekin, Erbil Dursun, Nigar Dursun, Selda Sarıkaya, Senay Ozdolap, Kenan Akgun, Coskun Zateri, Murat Birtane
[Purpose] An easy-to-use, psychometrically validated screening tool for fibromyalgia is needed. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool by correlating it with 2013 American College of Rheumatology alternative diagnostic criteria and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 269 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation clinic outpatients. Patients completed a questionnaire including the Fibromyalgia Rapid Screening Tool (twice), 2013 American College of Rheumatology alternative diagnostic criteria, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258562/the-relationship-between-migraine-headache-and-asthma-features
#11
Nigar Dirican, Seden Demirci, Munire Cakir
Migraine and asthma are comorbid chronic disorders with episodic attacks thought to involve inflammatory and neurological mechanisms. The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationship of asthma features between the asthma patients with migraine and those without migraine headache. A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2015 to June 2016. Physician-diagnosed asthma patients aged 18 years and above were included. Demographic data, pulmonary function test and treatment of asthma were recorded...
March 3, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248961/effects-of-different-phosphate-lowering-strategies-in-patients-with-ckd-on-laboratory-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-nma
#12
Nigar Sekercioglu, Argie Angeliki Veroniki, Lehana Thabane, Jason W Busse, Noori Akhtar-Danesh, Alfonso Iorio, Luciane Cruz Lopes, Gordon H Guyatt
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD), a complication of chronic kidney disease, has been linked to reduced quality and length of life. High serum phosphate levels that result from CKD-MBD require phosphate-lowering agents, also known as phosphate binders. The objective of this systematic review is to compare the effects of available phosphate binders on laboratory outcomes in patients with CKD-MBD. METHODS: Data sources included MEDLINE and EMBASE from January 1996 to April 2016, and the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials up to April 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235460/tyrozine-d-oxidation-and-redox-equilibrium-in-photosystem-ii
#13
Nigar Ahmadova, Felix M Ho, Stenbjörn Styring, Fikret Mamedov
Tyrosine D (TyrD) is an auxiliary redox active tyrosine residue in photosystem II (PSII). The mechanism of TyrD oxidation was investigated by EPR spectroscopy, flash-induced fluorescence decay and thermoluminescence measurements in PSII enriched membranes from spinach. PSII membranes were chemically treated with 3mM ascorbate and 1mM diaminodurene and subsequent washing, leading to the complete reduction of TyrD. TyrD oxidation kinetics and competing recombination reactions were measured after a single saturating flash in the absence and presence of DCMU (inhibitor of the QB-site) in the pH range of 4...
February 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179699/referral-pattern-of-emergencies-in-obstetrics-implications-for-defining-scope-of-services-and-policy
#14
Rahat Najam Qureshi, Rozina Sikandar, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Raffat Bano, Nigar Jabeen
OBJECTIVE: To analyse referral pattern of high-risk obstetric cases from secondary to tertiary care hospitals and to assess their maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, and comprised all referred obstetric cases from secondary-level hospitals to tertiary-level care within and outside the Hospital between January 2011 and December 2014. Day and time of referral, reason for referral as well as maternal and neonatal outcomes were collected...
December 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138063/global-economic-cost-of-smoking-attributable-diseases
#15
Mark Goodchild, Nigar Nargis, Edouard Tursan d'Espaignet
BACKGROUND: The detrimental impact of smoking on health has been widely documented since the 1960s. Numerous studies have also quantified the economic cost that smoking imposes on society. However, these studies have mostly been in high income countries, with limited documentation from developing countries. The aim of this paper is to measure the economic cost of smoking-attributable diseases in countries throughout the world, including in low- and middle-income settings. METHODS: The Cost of Illness approach is used to estimate the economic cost of smoking attributable-diseases in 2012...
January 30, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134984/conversion-from-sirolimus-to-everolimus-in-long-term-liver-graft-recipients
#16
Nina Weiler, Nigar Bilge, Sven Troetschler, Johannes Vermehren, Andreas Anton Schnitzbauer, Eva Herrmann, Christoph Sarrazin, Stefan Zeuzem, Martin-Walter Welker
Immunosuppression by inhibition of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a promising approach after liver transplantation. The mTOR inhibitor sirolimus was used in selected liver graft recipients despite safety concerns and lack of approval. Everolimus is another mTOR inhibitor approved after liver transplantation. It is currently unknown, whether conversion of sirolimus to everolimus is safe in long-term liver graft recipients. Long-term liver graft recipients treated with sirolimus were converted to everolimus...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055018/sumoylation-deficient-prdx6-gains-protective-function-by-amplifying-enzymatic-activity-and-stability-and-escapes-oxidative-stress-induced-aberrant-sumoylation
#17
Bhavana Chhunchha, Eri Kubo, Nigar Fatma, Dhirendra P Singh
Aberrant Sumoylation of protein(s) in response to oxidative stress or during aging is known to be involved in etiopathogenesis of many diseases. Upon oxidative stress, Peroxiredoxin (Prdx) 6 is aberrantly Sumoylated by Sumo1, resulting in loss of functions and cell death. We identified lysines (K) 122 and 142 as the major Sumo1 conjugation sites in Prdx6. Intriguingly, the mutant Prdx6 K122/142 R (arginine) gained protective efficacy, increasing in abundance and promoting glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and acidic calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (aiPLA2) activities...
January 5, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026849/prevalence-and-distribution-of-fabella-a-radiographic-study-in-turkish-subjects
#18
Omer Faruk Egerci, Ozkan Kose, Adil Turan, Omer Faruk Kilicaslan, Rahime Sekerci, Nigar Keles-Celik
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to examine the plain knee radiographs in Turkish subjects in order to determine the prevalence of fabella and analyze the differences between age, gender, laterality and its symmetry pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bilateral antero-posterior and lateral knee radiographs of 500 patients (250 male and 250 female subjects, 1000 knee radiographs) were randomly selected from the clinical database and retrospectively evaluated...
December 27, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995729/is-serum-level-of-nestin-useful-in-detecting-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#19
Veysel Sal, Ilker Kahramanoglu, Tugan Bese, Fuat Demirkiran, Nigar Sofiyeva, Zeynep Soyman, Sinem Durmus, Remisa Gelisgen, Macit Arvas, Hafize Uzun
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of nestin as a discriminative marker between benign and malignant ovarian tumors. METHODS: During the 1 year from January 2015 through December 2015, a nonconsecutive series of 80 patients (40 malignant, 40 benign) who underwent surgery for an adnexal mass were enrolled in the study. Intraoperative frozen section evaluation was performed if there was a suspicion in diagnosis. Statistical analyses were performed using spss ver...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969066/depression-among-indian-university-students-and-its-association-with-perceived-university-academic-environment-living-arrangements-and-personal-issues
#20
Sibnath Deb, Parveen R Banu, Shinto Thomas, R Vishnu Vardhan, P Tirupathi Rao, Nigar Khawaja
The aim of the study is to ascertain the level of depression among university students across gender, academic stream, semesters, perception of family environment and relationship with parents, academic performance, and family income. In addition, the study examines the association between students' perceived university academic environment, living arrangements, personal issues, and depression. Seven hypotheses were formulated for verification. A total of 717 students were recruited following the multistage cluster sampling method, and data were collected by a specially designed structured questionnaire, academic achievement record and a standardized University Students Depression Inventory...
October 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
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