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Bariatric surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527155/status-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-china-a-national-survey
#2
Shibo Lin, Wei Guan, Pankaj Hans, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is a favorable bariatric procedure. This study evaluated the status of LSG in China. METHODS: During the 4(th) International Forum of Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery in May 2016, Nanjing China, an on-the-spot questionnaire was filled out by 105 attending surgeons with experience of LSG. The feedback data was collected and analyzed. RESULTS: For preoperative preparations, surgeons preferred blood glucose control with insulin (61...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527103/quality-of-life-after-bariatric-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Laura M Mazer, Dan E Azagury, John M Morton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an introduction to quality of life (QOL) outcomes after bariatric surgery and a summary of the current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: QOL has been emphasized in bariatric surgery since the NIH Consensus Conference statement in 1991. Initial studies were limited to 1- and 2-year follow-up. More recent findings have expanded the follow-up period up to 12 years, providing a better description of the impact on long-term QOL...
May 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526434/a-systematic-review-of-portomesenteric-vein-thrombosis-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#5
Osama Shaheen, Jacqueline Siejka, Bala Thatigotla, Dang Tuan Pham
BACKGROUND: Portomesenteric vein thrombosis (PMVT) is considered an uncommon complication in general surgery; nevertheless, with the growing popularity of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) as a bariatric procedure we have seen an increase in the occurrence of this complication. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the question if it is a procedure-related complication and explore the modalities of prevention and treatment of this complication, a systematic review of available literature regarding PMVT events after SG was conducted...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#6
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524868/diabetes-associated-microbiota-in-fa-fa-rats-is-modified-by-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#7
Tulika Arora, Florian Seyfried, Neil G Docherty, Valentina Tremaroli, Carel W le Roux, Rosie Perkins, Fredrik Bäckhed
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and duodenal jejunal bypass (DJB), two different forms of bariatric surgery, are associated with improved glucose tolerance, but it is not clear whether the gut microbiota contributes to this effect. Here we used fa/fa rats as a model of impaired glucose tolerance to investigate whether (i) the microbiota varies between fa/fa and nondiabetic fa/+ rats; (ii) the microbiota of fa/fa rats is affected by RYGB and/or DJB; and (iii) surgically induced microbiota alterations contribute to glucose metabolism...
May 19, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524627/weight-loss-interventions-and-gut-microbiota-changes-in-overweight-and-obese-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
F B Seganfredo, C A Blume, M Moehlecke, A Giongo, D S Casagrande, J V N Spolidoro, A V Padoin, B D Schaan, C C Mottin
Imbalances in the gut microbiota, the bacteria that inhabit the intestines, are central to the pathogenesis of obesity. This systematic review assesses the association between the gut microbiota and weight loss in overweight/obese adults and its potential manipulation as a target for treating obesity. This review identified 43 studies using the keywords 'overweight' or 'obesity' and 'microbiota' and related terms; among these studies, 17 used dietary interventions, 11 used bariatric surgery and 15 used microbiota manipulation...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523367/-a-67-year-old-man-with-epigastric-pain
#9
A Greger, W Hamelmann, M Konermann
A 67-year-old man suffering from epigastric pain showed a phytobezoar in the endoscopy. Therapy with Coca Cola® and enzymes was initiated. The (partial) lysis led to a migration of the bezoar into the ileum, resulting in a small bowel obstruction. After removal of the remaining bezoar via ileotomy a secondary pneumatosis intestinalis occurred. As a rare finding the (phyto-)bezoar should be considered as a differential diagnosis of abdominal pain - especially considering the rising numbers of bariatric surgery, which is a potential risk factor...
May 18, 2017: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522788/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-morbidly-obese-patients
#10
Piotr Major, Aleksandra Kowalczuk, Michał Wysocki, Sonia Osadnik, Michał Pędziwiatr, Anna Głuszewska, Magdalena Pisarska, Piotr Małczak, Anna Lasek, Michał Kisielewski, Andrzej Budzyński
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed prospectively collected data of patients operated for morbid obesity who were qualified for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) or laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric by-pass (LRYGB). Risk factors for wyłączecardiovascular diseases were assessed with the SCORE scale and both full and hard Framingham cardiovascular risk scores (FCRs)...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515062/changes-in-total-energy-intake-and-macronutrient-composition-after-bariatric-surgery-predict-long-term-weight-outcome-findings-from-the-swedish-obese-subjects-sos-study
#11
Noora Kanerva, Ingrid Larsson, Markku Peltonen, Anna-Karin Lindroos, Lena M Carlsson
Background: Approximately 20-30% of obese patients do not achieve successful weight outcomes after bariatric surgery.Objective: We examined whether short-term changes (≤0.5 y postsurgery) in energy intake and macronutrient composition after bariatric surgery could predict 10-y weight change.Design: Participants were recruited from the Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study, which was a matched (nonrandomized) prospective trial that compared bariatric surgery with usual care for obese patients. A total of 2010 patients who underwent bariatric surgery were included in the study...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514822/-cardiovascular-effects-of-antidiabetic-therapies
#12
Katharina Laubner, Jochen Seufert
Type 2- diabetes mellitus (T2DM) represents a major risk factor for cardiovascular complications and mortality. Strict glucose control in the early course of the disease prevents cardiovascular complications only in the long run. Non-medical therapies (diet, exercise, body weight reduction) bear little evidence for positive cardiovascular effects.Bariatric surgery is not number one choice in therapy of T2DM. Metformin seems to provide positive cardiovascular effects. Insulin seems to be cardiovascular neutral, as well as the DPP4-inhibitors Saxagliptin, Sitagliptin and Alogliptin...
May 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514616/bariatric-surgery-or-intensive-medical-therapy-for-diabetes-after-5-years
#13
COMMENT
Philip R Schauer, Deepak L Bhatt, Sangeeta R Kashyap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514615/bariatric-surgery-or-intensive-medical-therapy-for-diabetes-after-5-years
#14
LETTER
David L Howard
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 376, Issue 20, Page 1995-1997, May 2017.
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514614/bariatric-surgery-or-intensive-medical-therapy-for-diabetes-after-5-years
#15
LETTER
Alpana P Shukla, Louis J Aronne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514487/reoperation-and-medicare-expenditures-after-laparoscopic-gastric-band-surgery
#16
Andrew M Ibrahim, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: Following the US Food and Drug Administration approval for laparoscopic gastric band surgery in 2001, as many as 96 000 devices have been placed annually. The reported rates of reoperation range from 4% to 60% in short-term studies; however, to our knowledge, few long-term population-level data on outcomes or expenditures are known. Objective: To describe the rate of device-related reoperations occurring after laparoscopic gastric band surgery as well as the associated payments in a longitudinal national cohort...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508277/surgical-management-of-obesity-among-people-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-outcomes-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#17
Youssef Kouidrat, Ali Amad, Brendon Stubbs, Suzan Moore, Fiona Gaughran
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder (BD) exhibit very high levels of obesity. Little is known about the potential benefits/risks of obesity surgery. We conducted a narrative review to summarize the available knowledge on bariatric surgery in people with schizophrenia or BD. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted of major electronic databases from inception to October 2016 for studies investigating bariatric surgery among people with schizophrenia or BD...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508276/effects-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-serum-12%C3%AE-hydroxylated-bile-acids-in-a-diabetic-rat-model
#18
Minggang Wang, Qunzheng Wu, Haibin Xie, Yi Shao, Mingwei Zhong, Xiang Zhang, Shaozhuang Liu, Xiao He, Sanyuan Hu, Guangyong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is a prevalent disease that endangers human health. Bariatric surgery can effectively relieve insulin resistance with elevated serum bile acids (BAs). 12α-Hydroxylated BAs were previously reported to be associated with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to analyze changes in 12α-hydroxylated BA composition and possible associated mechanisms in diabetic rats following sleeve gastrectomy (SG). METHODS: SG and sham operations were performed in diabetic rats induced by high-fat diet feeding and streptozotocin...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508275/gross-olfaction-before-and-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass
#19
Carlos Zerrweck, Vannia Castañeda Gallardo, Carmen Calleja, Elisa Sepúlveda, Lizbeth Guilber
BACKGROUND: Obesity leads to olfaction alterations, and this can further impact food choices, appetite, and nutritional status. Bariatric procedures induce weight loss and change in taste and smell perception, but more information is needed, especially using objective olfaction tests. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted during 6 months, with candidates to laparoscopic gastric bypass at a single institution. A preoperative nasofibroscopy and gross smell identification test (The Pocket Smell Test ®) were performed in those meeting the inclusion criteria...
May 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506856/bariatric-surgery-revisions-and-private-health-insurance
#20
Samantha B Meyer, Campbell Thompson, Paul Hakendorf, Chris Horwood, Darlene McNaughton, John Gray, Paul R Ward, Lillian Mwanri, Sue Booth, Lilian Kow, Jacob Chisholm
OBJECTIVE: To identify: 1. The percentage of bariatric procedures that are revisions; 2. What proportion of bariatric revision procedures in public hospitals are for patients whose primary weight loss procedure occurred in a private hospital; 3. The age, sex and level of socioeconomic disadvantage of patients needing revisions. METHODS: An analysis of patient level admission data from the Integrated South Australian Activity Collection (ISAAC) was performed. Data were collected on all revisions for weight loss related procedures at all South Australian public and private hospitals, between 2000-2015 using the ISAAC codes for revision procedures...
May 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
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