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Bidirectional affinity protocol

Westley S Bauer, Kelly A Richardson, Nicholas M Adams, Keersten M Ricks, David J Gasperino, Simon J Ghionea, Mathew Rosen, Kevin P Nichols, Bernhard H Weigl, Frederick R Haselton, David W Wright
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) designed to function at the point of care are becoming more prevalent in malaria diagnostics because of their low cost and simplicity. While many of these tests function effectively with high parasite density samples, their poor sensitivity can often lead to misdiagnosis when parasitemia falls below 100 parasites/μl. In this study, a flow-through pipette-based column was explored as a cost-effective means to capture and elute more Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein II (HRPII) antigen, concentrating the biomarker available in large-volume lysed whole blood samples into volumes compatible with Plasmodium falciparum-specific RDTs...
May 2017: Biomicrofluidics
Lianguo Wang, Nicole M De Jesus, Crystal M Ripplinger
Sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ handling plays a key role in normal excitation-contraction coupling and aberrant SR Ca2+ handling is known to play a significant role in certain types of arrhythmia. Because arrhythmias are spatially distinct, emergent phenomena, they must be investigated at the tissue level. However, methods for directly probing SR Ca2+ in the intact heart remain limited. This article describes the protocol for dual optical mapping of transmembrane potential (Vm) and free intra-SR [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]SR) in the Langendorff-perfused rabbit heart...
September 10, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Matthew C Jones, Jonathan D Humphries, Adam Byron, Angélique Millon-Frémillon, Joseph Robertson, Nikki R Paul, Daniel H J Ng, Janet A Askari, Martin J Humphries
The integration of cells with their extracellular environment is facilitated by cell surface adhesion receptors, such as integrins, which play important roles in both normal development and the onset of pathologies. Engagement of integrins with their ligands in the extracellular matrix, or counter-receptors on other cells, initiates the intracellular assembly of a wide variety of proteins into adhesion complexes such as focal contacts, focal adhesions, and fibrillar adhesions. The proteins recruited to these complexes mediate bidirectional signaling across the plasma membrane, and, as such, help to coordinate and/or modulate the multitude of physical and chemical signals to which the cell is subjected...
March 2, 2015: Current Protocols in Cell Biology
Abimael D Rodríguez, Martin J Lear, James J La Clair
A bidirectional affinity system was used to screen for marine natural products that bound to Escherichia coli proteins. A system was developed and applied to isolate the natural product sceptrin from an Agelas conifera extract and its affinity partner MreB from E. coli lysate. The use of a dual immunoaffinity fluorescent (IAF) tag permitted this process to co-immunoprecipitate the bacterial equivalent of actin, MreB, from E. coli lysate. MreB was subsequently validated as a target for sceptrin using a resistance mapping approach...
June 11, 2008: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Andrew Crowe, Penny Wong
UNLABELLED: Loperamide is a peripherally acting antidiarrheal opioid with some affinity for P-glycoprotein (P-gp). One of the main reasons for its lack of central nervous system (CNS) activity is a combination first-pass metabolism and P-gp-mediated efflux preventing brain penetration. It was assumed that P-gp would also have a similar effect at the intestinal tract, limiting loperamide systemic absorption. However, previous in vitro studies had not determined loperamide flux using pH gradients present in the intestinal tract...
May 2004: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Rossella Conti, John Lisman
Synapses in the CA1 region of the hippocampus undergo bidirectional synaptic modification in response to different patterns of activity. Postsynaptic Ca2+ elevation can trigger either synaptic strengthening or weakening, depending on the properties of the local Ca2+ signal. During the pairing protocol for long-term potentiation (LTP) induction, the cell is depolarized under voltage-clamp and is given low-frequency synaptic stimulation. As an initial step toward understanding the Ca2+ dynamics during this process, we used confocal microscopy to study the Ca2+ signals in spines evoked by the depolarization itself...
2002: Hippocampus
G Johnson, K N Nguyen, R Pasqualini, R D Okada
UNLABELLED: Technetium-99m-N-NOET is a new 99mTc-labeled, neutral cardiac perfusion imaging agent which has been shown to undergo apparent redistribution in animal models and in humans. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction of 99mTcN-NOET with red blood cells (RBCs) and to determine the effects of these interactions on myocardial uptake and clearance of 99mTcN-NOET. METHODS: After bolus administration, myocardial 99mTcN-NOET clearance was monitored for 1 hr using a sodium iodide detector in 22 isolated, buffer-perfused rat hearts...
January 1997: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
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