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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328868/oral-sciences-phd-program-enrollment-graduates-and-placement-1994-to-2016
#1
C R Herzog, D W Berzins, P DenBesten, R L Gregory, K M Hargreaves, R L W Messer, M Mina, M P Mooney, M L Paine, C Phillips, R B Presland, R G Quivey, F A Scannapieco, J F Sheridan, K K H Svoboda, P C Trackman, M P Walker, S G Walker, C Y Wang, J C C Hu
For decades, dental schools in the United States have endured a significant faculty shortage. Studies have determined that the top 2 sources of dental faculty are advanced education programs and private practice. Those who have completed both DDS and PhD training are considered prime candidates for dental faculty positions. However, there is no national database to track those trainees and no evidence to indicate that they entered academia upon graduation. The objective of this study was to assess outcomes of dental school-affiliated oral sciences PhD program enrollment, graduates, and placement between 1994 and 2016...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327724/let-s-get-serious-about-mentoring
#2
J Brooks
The piece discusses the benefit of mentoring and the importance of formal training, in addition to valuing the skills a mentor can provide. As an understanding of mentoring grows within the dental profession, now is the time to ensure those who offer mentoring have the techniques, tools and skills to complement their professional/clinical expertise.
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325574/applied-global-health-diplomacy-profile-of-health-diplomats-accredited-to-the-united-states-and-foreign-governments
#3
Matthew D Brown, Julie N Bergmann, Thomas E Novotny, Tim K Mackey
BACKGROUND: Global health diplomacy (GHD) is a burgeoning field bridging the priorities of global health and foreign affairs. Given the increasing need to mobilize disparate global health stakeholders coupled with the need to design complex public health partnerships to tackle issues of international concern, effective and timely cooperation among state actors is critical. Health Attachés represent this coordination focal point and are key diplomatic professionals at the forefront of GHD...
January 11, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325502/rehearsal-using-patient-specific-simulation-to-improve-endovascular-efficiency
#4
Mathew Wooster, Adam Doyle, Sean Hislop, Roan Glocker, Paul Armstrong, Michael Singh, Karl A Illig
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rehearsal using patient-specific information loaded onto an endovascular simulator prior to carotid stenting improves procedural efficiency and outcomes. METHODS: Patients scheduled for carotid artery stenting who had adequate preoperative computed tomography (CT) imaging were considered for enrollment. After obtaining informed consent, patients were randomized to control versus rehearsal groups. Those in the rehearsal group had their CT scans loaded into an endovascular simulator (Angio Mentor) followed by case rehearsal by the attending on the simulator within 24 hours prior to the procedure; control patients underwent routine carotid stenting without rehearsal...
January 1, 2018: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323981/a-good-mentor-will-never-make-you-feel-like-a-burden
#5
Ruth Stone
Ruth Stone, at the time of writing a final-year student at the University of East Anglia, reflects on the importance of an approachable, encouraging and sometimes challenging mentor for students on placement.
January 11, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321878/asymmetric-reproductive-interference-the-consequences-of-cross-pollination-on-reproductive-success-in-sexual-apomictic-populations-of-potentilla-puberula-rosaceae
#6
Christoph Dobeš, Susanne Scheffknecht, Yulia Fenko, Dagmar Prohaska, Christina Sykora, Karl Hülber
Apomixis evolves from a sexual background and usually is linked to polyploidization. Pseudogamous gametophytic apomicts, which require a fertilization to initiate seed development, of various ploidy levels frequently co-occur with their lower-ploid sexual ancestors, but the stability of such mixed populations is affected by reproductive interferences mediated by cross-pollination. Thereby, reproductive success of crosses depends on the difference in ploidy levels of mating partners, that is, on tolerance of deviation from the balanced ratio of maternal versus paternal genomes...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319647/transition-to-critical-care-practice-within-an-academic-service-partnership-a-case-report-of-the-first-3-years-of-clinical-immersion-in-trauma-burn-and-neuroscience-critical-care
#7
Esther Bay, Andrea Sherzer, Emily Darnbrook
In response to regulators of nursing education and the Institute of Medicine, an academic-service partnership was formed between a research-intensive school of nursing and a tertiary health care facility. In that partnership, clinical experiences occurred mostly within 1 organization. This case report showcases the development, implementation, and revisions within our capstone immersion course, designed to ease the new graduates' transition into practice, including transitions to critical care nursing. Herein, we highlight our successes and challenges of implementing the clinical component within 2 critical care units focused on trauma and neurosurgical care of complex patients...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318730/mentorship-in-the-health-professions-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The importance of mentorship within health care training is well recognised. It offers a means to further enhance workforce performance and engagement, promote learning opportunities and encourage multidisciplinary collaboration. There are both career and life benefits associated with mentorship, and it is increasingly recognised as a bidirectional process that benefits both mentors and mentees. Recently, mentoring has been considered an essential step in professional and personal development, particularly in the field of health care...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318602/effect-of-family-planning-interventions-on-couple-years-of-protection-in-malawi
#9
Clara Lemani, Nenani Kamtuwanje, Billy Phiri, Ilene S Speizer, Kavita Singh, Olive Mtema, Ndidza Chisanu, Jennifer H Tang
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to assess the effect of family planning interventions at two health facilities in Malawi on couple years of protection (CYP). METHODS: A prospective quasi-experimental design was used to compare CYP and uptake of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) between two intervention facilities (Area 25 Health Center and Kasungu District Hospital) and two nonintervention facilities (Mkanda Health Center and Dowa District Hospital)...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314581/independent-and-mentored-video-review-of-osces
#10
Somnath Mookherjee, Jennie Strujik, Matthew Cunningham, Elizabeth Kaplan, Bas Ak Çoruh
BACKGROUND: Video review of OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) performance allows students to analyse their performance, identify actions and behaviours for correction or reinforcement, and develop a plan for improvement of clinical skills. Student perceptions of the utility of independent and mentored video review are unknown. METHODS: We created a pilot programme of post-OSCE structured video review. Students were randomised to mentored (M) or independent (I) review...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309587/strategies-to-improve-general-practitioner-well-being-findings-from-a-focus-group-study
#11
Louise H Hall, Judith Johnson, Jane Heyhoe, Ian Watt, Kevin Anderson, Daryl B O'Connor
Background: Primary care physicians are particularly prone to high levels of burnout and poor well-being. Despite this, no qualitative studies have specifically investigated the best ways to improve well-being and prevent burnout in primary care physicians. Previous interventions within primary care have been person-oriented and mainly focused on mindfulness, but there has been no prior research on whether general practitioners (GPs) deem this to be the best approach. Objectives: To explore strategies that could improve GP well-being and reduce or prevent burnout, based on GP perceptions of the workplace factors that affect their levels of well-being and burnout...
December 22, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309578/the-role-of-community-health-workers-in-improving-hiv-treatment-outcomes-in-children-lessons-learned-from-the-zenith-trial-in-zimbabwe
#12
Joanna Busza, Ethel Dauya, Tsitsi Bandason, Victoria Simms, Chido Dziva Chikwari, Memory Makamba, Grace Mchugh, Shungu Munyati, Prosper Chonzi, Rashida A Ferrand
Reliance on community health workers (CHWs) for HIV care continues to increase, particularly in resource-limited settings. CHWs can improve HIV service use and adherence to treatment, but effectiveness of these programmes relies on providing an enabling work environment for CHWs, including reasonable workload, supportive supervision and adequate training and supplies. Although criteria for effective CHW programmes have been identified, these have rarely been prospectively applied to design and evaluation of new interventions...
January 3, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309317/academic-anesthesiology-career-development-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-role-of-foundation-for-anesthesiology-education-and-research-funding
#13
Rebecca M Speck, Denham S Ward, Lee A Fleisher
BACKGROUND: In 1986, the American Society of Anesthesiologists created the Foundation for Anesthesiology Education and Research (FAER) to fund young anesthesiology investigators toward the goal of helping launch their academic careers. Determining the impact of the FAER grant program has been of importance. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included quantitative data collection through a Research Electronic Data Capture survey and curriculum vitae (CV) submission and qualitative interviews...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308992/goal-setting-to-promote-a-healthier-lifestyle-in-later-life-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-agewell-trial
#14
Sharon M Nelis, Jeanette M Thom, Ian Rees Jones, John V Hindle, Linda Clare
OBJECTIVE: We report a mixed method evaluation of the feasibility and implementation of the AgeWell goal-setting intervention to promote healthy ageing later life. METHOD: Researcher field notes, goal-setting interview content, and semi-structured interviews with participants were content analysed to review trial implementation and participants' perspective on the goal-setting and mentoring intervention. RESULTS: 75 people were recruited: 21 in the goal-setting and 22 in the goal-setting with mentoring arms of the intervention...
December 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307648/behavioral-phenotypes-for-childhood-obesity-2017-alan-n-epstein-research-award
#15
Tanja V E Kral
The percentage of children in the United States with obesity has more than tripled since the 1970s. Despite considerable work in this area, there has been limited success in the long-term treatment and prevention of childhood obesity. In order for intervention approaches to be successful, it will be crucial to study individual variation and the underlying mechanisms that impact human ingestive behavior. Research in my laboratory has focused on identifying behavioral phenotypes for childhood obesity which may be used to develop targeted intervention approaches that are tailored to a child's individual predisposition...
January 4, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306374/challenges-in-mammography-education-and-training-today-the-perspectives-of-radiography-teachers-mentors-and-students-in-five-european-countries
#16
B Strøm, J A Pires Jorge, N Richli Meystre, A Henner, T Kukkes, E Metsälä, C Sà Dos Reis
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to explore current challenges in mammography education from the perspectives of radiography teachers, mentors and students. METHODS: A qualitative study including two focus groups interviews, with radiography teachers/mentors (n = 5) and student radiographers (n = 5) exploring their perspectives on challenges in mammography education today. The content analysis methodology proposed by Graneheim and Lundman was applied to the interviews...
February 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305380/beyond-prognostication-ambulance-personnel-s-lived-experiences-of-cardiac-arrest-decision-making
#17
Natalie Elizabeth Anderson, Merryn Gott, Julia Slark
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to explore ambulance personnel's decisions to commence, continue, withhold or terminate resuscitation efforts for patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHOD: Semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 16 demographically diverse ambulance personnel, currently employed in a variety of emergency ambulance response roles, around New Zealand. RESULTS: Participants sought and integrated numerous factors, beyond established prognostic indicators, when making resuscitation decisions...
January 5, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305256/from-appetite-setpoint-to-appetition-50years-of-ingestive-behavior-research
#18
Anthony Sclafani
I review the main themes of my 50-year research career in ingestive behavior as a graduate student at the University of Chicago and a professor at the City University of New York. A seminar course with my Ph.D. mentor, S. P. Grossman, sparked my interest in the hypothalamic obesity syndrome. I developed a wire knife to dissect the neuropathways and the functional disorder responsible for the syndrome. An elevated appetite setpoint that permitted the overconsumption of palatable foods appeared central to the hypothalamic syndrome...
January 2, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304853/youth-with-chronic-health-problems-how-do-they-fare-in-main-stream-mentoring-programs
#19
Ellen L Lipman, David DeWit, David L DuBois, Simon Larose, Gizem Erdem
BACKGROUND: Youth with chronic physical health problems often experience social and emotional problems. We investigate the relationship between participation in the Big Brothers Big Sisters of Canada community-based mentoring programs (BBBS) and youth social and mood outcomes by youth health status. METHODS: Youth newly enrolled in BBBS were classified by health status (one or more chronic physical health problems without activity limitation, n = 191; one or more chronic physical health problems with activity limitation, n = 94; no chronic health problem or activity limitation, n = 536) and mentoring status (yes/no) at 18 month follow-up...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304313/the-doctor-of-delayed-publications-the-remarkable-life-of-george-streisinger-1927-1984
#20
Máté Varga
The history of science offers multiple examples of how the perseverance of a single visionary person could open the floodgates for a whole new area of research. Zebrafish research is one of these fields with an exciting founding story, as it was the dogged persistence of one man, George Streisinger, that ultimately lifted this little fish out of the obscurity of pet shops into the pantheon of genetic model organisms. The Hungarian born Streisinger was one of the most gifted geneticists of his era and his network of mentors and friends really reads like a who-is-who of 20th century genetics...
January 5, 2018: Zebrafish
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