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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777606/human-capital-and-self-entrepreneurship-the-concept-of-robbed-time
#1
Alessio Musio
The notions of ″human capital″ and ″self-entrepreneurship″ are by now widespread. The present work takes a critical look at their pervasive acceptance and stresses the self-exploitation to which they give rise. The concept of self-entrepreneurship needs to take into account, in fact, the nature of a revolution in temporal phenomenology. This revolution not only blurs the distinction between time dedicated to life and time dedicated to one's profession. It means that time spent on whatever is traditionally irrelevant to work is potentially time robbed from successful self-entrepreneurship...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775336/angular-momentum-of-a-bose-einstein-condensate-in-a-synthetic-rotational-field
#2
Chunlei Qu, Sandro Stringari
By applying a position-dependent detuning to a spin-orbit-coupled Hamiltonian with equal Rashba and Dresselhaus coupling, we exploit the behavior of the angular momentum of a harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensed atomic gas and discuss the distinctive role of its canonical and spin components. By developing the formalism of spinor hydrodynamics, we predict the precession of the dipole oscillation caused by the synthetic rotational field, in analogy with the precession of the Foucault pendulum, the excitation of the scissors mode, following the sudden switching off of the detuning, and the occurrence of Hall-like effects...
May 4, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731810/governing-well-in-community-based-research-lessons-from-canada-s-hiv-research-sector-on-ethics-publics-and-the-care-of-the-self
#3
Adrian Guta, Stuart J Murray, Carol Strike, Sarah Flicker, Ross Upshur, Ted Myers
In this paper, we extend Michel Foucault's final works on the 'care of the self' to an empirical examination of research practice in community-based research (CBR). We use Foucault's 'morality of behaviors' to analyze interview data from a national sample of Canadian CBR practitioners working with communities affected by HIV. Despite claims in the literature that ethics review is overly burdensome for non-traditional forms of research, our findings suggest that many researchers using CBR have an ambivalent but ultimately productive relationship with institutional research ethics review requirements...
November 2017: Public Health Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722329/alpha-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonist-treatment-in-a-rat-model-of-huntington-s-disease-and-involvement-of-heme-oxygenase-1
#4
Laura Foucault-Fruchard, Claire Tronel, Sylvie Bodard, Zuhal Gulhan, Julie Busson, Sylvie Chalon, Daniel Antier
Neuroinflammation is a common element involved in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. We recently reported that repeated alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) activations by a potent agonist such as PHA 543613 in quinolinic acid-injured rats exhibited protective effects on neurons. To further investigate the underlying mechanism, we established rat models of early-stage Huntington's disease by injection of quinolinic acid into the right striatum and then intraperitoneally injected 12 mg/kg PHA 543613 or sterile water, twice a day during 4 days...
April 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623260/population-genomics-of-francisella-tularensis-subsp-holarctica-and-its-implication-on-the-eco-epidemiology-of-tularemia-in-switzerland
#5
Matthias Wittwer, Ekkehard Altpeter, Paola Pilo, Sebastian M Gygli, Christian Beuret, Frederic Foucault, Rahel Ackermann-Gäumann, Urs Karrer, Daniela Jacob, Roland Grunow, Nadia Schürch
Whole genome sequencing (WGS) methods provide new possibilities in the field of molecular epidemiology. This is particularly true for monomorphic organisms where the discriminatory power of traditional methods (e.g., restriction enzyme length polymorphism typing, multi locus sequence typing etc.) is inadequate to elucidate complex disease transmission patterns, as well as resolving the phylogeny at high resolution on a micro-geographic scale. In this study, we present insights into the population structure of Francisella tularensis subsp...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573014/a-modified-continuous-quality-improvement-approach-to-improve-culturally-and-socially-inclusive-care-within-rural-health-services
#6
Olivia Mitchell, Christina Malatzky, Lisa Bourke, Jane Farmer
BACKGROUND: The sickest Australians are often those belonging to non-privileged groups, including Indigenous Australians, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, intersex and queer people, people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, and people with disabilities and low English literacy. These consumers are not always engaged by, or included within, mainstream health services, particularly in rural Australia where health services are limited in number and tend to be generalist in nature...
March 23, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525973/laser-cut-paper-based-device-for-the-detection-of-dengue-non-structural-ns1-protein-and-specific-igm-in-human-samples
#7
G Theillet, A Rubens, F Foucault, P Dalbon, C Rozand, I Leparc-Goffart, F Bedin
The incidence of flavivirus infections has increased dramatically in recent decades in tropical and sub-tropical areas worldwide, affecting hundreds of millions of people each year. Dengue viruses are typically transmitted by mosquitoes and can cause a wide range of symptoms from flu-like fever to organ impairment and death. Although conventional diagnostic tests can provide early diagnosis of acute dengue infections, access to these tests is often limited in developing countries. Consequently, there is an urgent need to develop affordable, simple, rapid, and robust diagnostic tools that can be used at 'Point of Care' settings...
March 10, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485293/a-time-to-live-and-a-time-to-die-heterotopian-spatialities-and-temporalities-in-a-pediatric-palliative-care-team
#8
Christine S Davis, Meghan J Snider, Lynná King, Allison Shukraft, James D Sonda, Laurie Hicks, Lauren Irvin
The death of a child creates especially poignant feelings and extreme stress, distress, and devastation for family members and healthcare providers. In addition, serious or long-term illness forces a reconstruction of our experiences with time and space. In this paper, we report on a long-term ethnographic study of a Pediatric Palliative Care Team (PPCT). Using the concepts of spatiality and temporality; Deleuze's concepts of smooth and striated spaces; Innis's concepts of space and time biases; Foucault's concept of heterotopian space-places with multiple layers of meaning; and a related concept of heterokairoi-moments in time with multiple possibilities-we consider how the PPCT constructs and reconstructs meaning in the midst of chaos, ethical dilemmas, and heartbreaking choices...
February 27, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429062/towards-precision-medicine-a-new-biomedical-cosmology
#9
M W Vegter
Precision Medicine has become a common label for data-intensive and patient-driven biomedical research. Its intended future is reflected in endeavours such as the Precision Medicine Initiative in the USA. This article addresses the question whether it is possible to discern a new 'medical cosmology' in Precision Medicine, a concept that was developed by Nicholas Jewson to describe comprehensive transformations involving various dimensions of biomedical knowledge and practice, such as vocabularies, the roles of patients and physicians and the conceptualisation of disease...
February 10, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372667/living-with-asthma-in-19th-century-france-the-doctor-armand-trousseau-and-the-patient-emile-pereire
#10
Helen M Davies
Major advances in the French medical system following the French Revolution have stimulated a rich historiography of which Michel Foucault's Naissance de la clinique: une archéologie du regard médical (1963) and Erwin H. Ackerknecht's Medicine at the Paris Hospital, 1794-1848 (1967) are of lasting significance. Changes in the organisation and structure of hospitals accompanied the development and availability of new medical technologies and procedures and encouraged a more intense study of the aetiology and pathology of disease...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363230/self-management-for-bipolar-disorder-and-the-construction-of-the-ethical-self
#11
Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott, Cameron Lacey
The promotion of the self-managing capacities of people has become a marker of contemporary mental health practice, yet self-management remains a largely uncontested construct in mental health settings. This discourse analysis based upon the work of Foucault investigates self-management practices for bipolar disorder and their action upon how a person with bipolar disorder comes to think of who they are and how they should live. Using Foucault's framework for exploring the ethical self and transcripts of interviews with people living with bipolar disorder, this discourse analysis finds that the discursive practices of self-management for bipolar disorder are prescribing a restricted regime for living based upon the quintessential neo-liberal subject using practices that are focused upon managing an unreliable and problematic self...
January 23, 2018: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348825/a-novel-anti-cd146-antibody-specifically-targets-cancer-cells-by-internalizing-the-molecule
#12
Marie Nollet, Jimmy Stalin, Anaïs Moyon, Waël Traboulsi, Amel Essaadi, Stéphane Robert, Nausicaa Malissen, Richard Bachelier, Laurent Daniel, Alexandrine Foucault-Bertaud, Caroline Gaudy-Marqueste, Romaric Lacroix, Aurélie S Leroyer, Benjamin Guillet, Nathalie Bardin, Françoise Dignat-George, Marcel Blot-Chabaud
CD146 is an adhesion molecule present on many tumors (melanoma, kidney, pancreas, breast, ...). In addition, it has been shown to be expressed on vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Generating an antibody able to specifically recognize CD146 in cancer cells (designated as tumor CD146), but not in normal cells, would thus be of major interest for targeting tumor CD146 without affecting the vascular system. We thus generated antibodies against the extracellular domain of the molecule produced in cancer cells and selected an antibody that specifically recognizes tumor CD146...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302160/intersectional-discrimination-of-romani-women-forcibly-sterilized-in-the-former-czechoslovakia-and-czech-republic
#13
Gwendolyn Albert, Marek Szilvasi
This paper reviews domestic and international activism seeking justice for Romani and other women harmed by coercive, forced, and involuntary sterilization in the former Czechoslovakia and Czech Republic. Framed by Michel Foucault's theory of biopower, it summarizes the history of these abuses and describes human rights campaigns involving domestic and international litigation, advocacy, and grassroots activism, as well as the responses of the Czech governments. The paper describes how legal and policy work during the past decade has led to recognition of coercive, forced, and involuntary sterilization as a present-day human rights issue worldwide, to the adoption of new guidelines on female sterilization, and to a joint statement on the issue by seven UN agencies...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286342/impact-of-interprofessional-relationships-from-nurses-perspective-on-the-decision-making-capacity-of-patients-in-a-clinical-setting
#14
Jesús Molina-Mula, Julia Gallo-Estrada, Catalina Perelló-Campaner
Interprofessional relationships may impact the decision making of patients in a clinical setting. The objective of this study was to analyse the decision-making capabilities of patients from nurses' perspectives of interprofessional relationships using Foucauldian ethics. This qualitative study was based on poststructuralist Foucault references with in-depth interviews of nurses working in internal medicine and specialties in a general hospital. The patients constantly appeared in the definition of teamwork, but also as a passive element used by every professional to communicate with others...
December 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283037/a-critique-of-medicalisation-three-instances
#15
Sonia Ryang
By briefly exploring three different examples where the existence of mental illness and developmental delay has been presumed, this paper sheds light on the way what Foucault calls the emergence of a regime of truth, i.e. where something that does not exist is made to exist through the construction of a system of truth around it. The first example concerns the direct marketing of pharmaceutical products to consumers in the US, the second the use of psychology in semi-post-Cold War Korea, and the third the persisting authority of psychology in the treatment of the developmentally delayed...
December 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278249/governing-the-resilience-of-neoliberalism-through-biopolitics
#16
Luca Mavelli
Neoliberalism is widely regarded as the main culprit for the 2007/2008 global financial crisis. However, despite this abysmal failure, neoliberalism has not merely survived the crisis, but actually 'thrived'. How is it possible to account for the resilience of neoliberalism? Existing scholarship has answered this question either by focusing on the distinctive qualities of neoliberalism (such as adaptability, internal coherence and capacity to incorporate dissent) or on the biopolitical capacity of neoliberalism to produce resilient subjects...
September 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261571/factors-influencing-acceptability-and-perceived-impacts-of-a-mandatory-eportfolio-implemented-by-an-occupational-therapy-regulatory-organization
#17
Brigitte Vachon, Marie-Lyse Foucault, Charles-Édouard Giguère, Annie Rochette, Aliki Thomas, Martine Morel
INTRODUCTION: The use of ePortfolios has been implemented in several regulatory organizations to encourage clinicians' engagement in continuing professional development (CPD). However, their use has achieved mixed success, and multiple personal and contextual factors can influence their impacts on practice change. The aim of this study was to identify which factors influence the acceptability and perceived impacts of an ePortfolio implemented by an occupational therapy regulatory organization in one Canadian province...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240820/age-related-nomograms-for-antral-follicle-count-and-anti-mullerian-hormone-for-subfertile-chinese-women-in-singapore
#18
See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Marielle Valerie Fortier, Chiou Li Ong, Heng Hao Tan, Sadhana Nadarajah, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Veronique Viardot-Foucault
BACKGROUND: Antral follicle count (AFC) and anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) are known as the most reliable markers of a woman's ovarian reserve and are related to age. There is currently no specific local age-related centile charts for AFC and AMH. Therefore, we aim to examine the relationship between AFC and AMH with age and construct age-related nomograms among a subfertile Asian population. METHODS: This is a study involving Chinese women who had their AFC and AMH measured as part of their subfertility screening from December 2010 until November 2014 in KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237308/how-can-governmental-positive-power-decrease-violence-in-crime-oriented-arenas-the-case-of-english-football
#19
Shlomit Guy, Ofer Muchtar, Natti Ronel
This article will survey the dramatic change English football had undergone since the end of the last century. The authors will closely explore the implementation of the Taylor Report recommendations, to convince that which power and management techniques were used to decrease violence in public areas that were previously considered dangerous and crime-oriented. It will be argued that disciplinarian techniques were practiced, much like those described in Foucault's Discipline and Punish, while this very power has proven to be positive and revitalizing...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235234/-holding-on-to-life-an-ethnographic-study-of-living-well-at-home-in-old-age
#20
Kristin Bjornsdottir
In recent years, much attention has been paid to how older people living at home can remain independent and manage their illness themselves, while less attention has been given to those who have become frail and need assistance with challenges of everyday life. In this article, I drew on Latimer's formulation of care for frail older people as relational and world-making and on Foucault's work related to the care of the self in developing an understanding of how frail older persons manage to live well at home in the final years of their lives...
December 13, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
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