keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Foucault

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891628/power-empowerment-and-person-centred-care-using-ethnography-to-examine-the-everyday-practice-of-unregistered-dementia-care-staff
#1
Kezia Scales, Simon Bailey, Joanne Middleton, Justine Schneider
The social positioning and treatment of persons with dementia reflects dominant biomedical discourses of progressive and inevitable loss of insight, capacity, and personality. Proponents of person-centred care, by contrast, suggest that such loss can be mitigated within environments that preserve rather than undermine personhood. In formal organisational settings, person-centred approaches place particular responsibility on 'empowered' direct-care staff to translate these principles into practice. These staff provide the majority of hands-on care, but with limited training, recognition, or remuneration...
November 28, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862651/critical-thinking-and-contemporary-mental-health-care-michel-foucault-s-history-of-the-present
#2
Marc Roberts
In order to be able to provide informed, effective and responsive mental health care and to do so in an evidence-based, collaborative and recovery-focused way with those who use mental health services, there is a recognition of the need for mental health professionals to possess sophisticated critical thinking capabilities. This article will therefore propose that such capabilities can be productively situated within the context of the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault, one of the most challenging, innovative and influential thinkers of the 20th century...
November 11, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859876/power-and-resistance-within-the-hospital-s-hierarchical-system-the-experiences-of-chronically-ill-patients
#3
Odette Griscti, Megan Aston, Grace Warner, Ruth Martin-Misener, Deborah McLeod
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences of chronically ill patients and registered nurses when they negotiate patient care in hospital settings. Specifically, we explored how social and institutional discourses shape power relations during the negotiation process. BACKGROUND: The hospital system is embedded in a hierarchical structure where the voice of the healthcare provider as expert is often given more importance than the patient. This system has been criticised as being oppressive to patients who are perceived to be lower in the hierarchy...
May 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#4
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821596/do-online-communities-change-power-processes-in-healthcare-using-case-studies-to-examine-the-use-of-online-health-communities-by-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#5
Laura M Visser, Inge L Bleijenbergh, Yvonne W M Benschop, Allard C R Van Riel, Bastiaan R Bloem
OBJECTIVE: Communication technologies, such as personal online health communities, are increasingly considered as a tool to realise patient empowerment. However, little is known about the actual use of online health communities. Here, we investigated if and how patients' use of online communities supports patient empowerment. SETTING: A network of primary and secondary care providers around individual patients with Parkinson's disease. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted case studies to examine our research question...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760507/-we-talk-we-do-not-have-shame-addressing-stigma-by-reconstructing-identity-through-enhancing-social-cohesion-among-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#6
Maria Augusta Carrasco, Clare Barrington, Caitlin Kennedy, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
This study explores social cohesion as a strategy used by female sex workers to address layered HIV and sex work-related stigma. Data derive from a thematic analysis of 23 in-depth interviews and 2 focus groups with female sex workers living with HIV enrolled in a multi-level HIV/STI prevention, treatment and care intervention in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Drawing on Foucault's conceptualisation of modern power, discipline and resistance, we argue that social cohesion provides the psychosocial space (of trust, solidarity and mutual aid) to subvert oppressive societal norms, enabling the reconstruction of identity...
October 20, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753632/the-one-or-the-many-quantified-subjectivity-and-aggregated-uniqueness-in-qualitative-rehabilitation-research
#7
Truls I Juritzen, Helene L Soberg, Cecilie Røe, Martin Saebu, Grace Engen, Trond Bliksvaer, Eivind Engebretsen
This article aims to identify and critically assess qualitative intervention studies of rehabilitation processes that target young adults. By applying a meta-epistemological approach inspired by the works of Michel Foucault and Julia Kristeva, we examine how the included studies present qualitative knowledge and whether they adhere to their own stated principles of qualitative knowledge. Through their stated aims and theoretical framing, the articles draw attention to individual processes of meaning making...
October 16, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733102/friendship-sexual-intimacy-and-young-people-s-negotiations-of-sexual-health
#8
Paul Byron
This paper examines how young people's friendships influence safer sexual practices. Through a thematic discourse analysis, interviews with Sydney-based young people (aged 18-25 years) and Australian-based sexual health websites for young people are considered. Interview data illustrate how friendships can support young people's sexual experiences, concerns and safeties beyond the practice of 'safe sex' (condom use). This is evident in friends' practices of sex and relationship advice, open dialogue, trust and sharing experiential knowledge, as well as friend-based sex...
October 13, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685706/sfrp2-is-associated-with-increased-adiposity-and-vegf-expression
#9
Rachel K Crowley, Michael W O'Reilly, Iwona J Bujalska, Zaki K Hassan-Smith, Jonathan M Hazlehurst, Danielle R Foucault, Paul M Stewart, Jeremy W Tomlinson
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess depot-specific expression and secretion of secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (sFRP2) by adipose tissue and its effect on adipocyte biology. We measured serum sFRP2 concentrations in 106 patients in vivo to explore its relationship to fat mass, glycaemia and insulin resistance. METHODS: Expression of sFRP2 in mouse and human tissues was assessed using polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Western blot confirmed secretion of sFRP2 by adipose tissue into cell culture medium...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676990/hemiplegic-shoulder-pain-comparison-of-two-sites-of-intramuscular-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-type%C3%A2-a-epautox-study
#10
Sophie Larrazet, Romain Joste, Angélique Stefan, Anne Delaubier, André Gueyraud, Philippe Foucault, Claire Guillou, Thierry Dabbadie
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic effectiveness of 1 month injection after botulinum toxin in the pectoralis major muscle or subscapularis. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective, comparative, randomized, multicenter trial, 21 patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain after a recent stroke (less 6 months) were screened at baseline, then postinjection (Botox(®) 150 units pectoralis major, 100 units subscaplaris) at 1, 4 and 12 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676205/in-pursuit-of-change-conceptualizing-the-social-work-response-to-lgbtq-microaggressions-in-health-settings
#11
Hannah Kia, Kinnon Ross MacKinnon, Melissa Marie Legge
Despite the emergence of research on microaggressions targeting lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) communities in recent years, there remains an insufficiency of theoretical literature in this area. In this article, we draw on the works of Michel Foucault to conceptualize the effects of microaggressive practices on LGBTQ people accessing health and other social services, and generate insight into strategies these groups use to resist these effects. We emphasize the need for social workers, particularly those in health care settings, to support these communities' ongoing attempts at challenging the effects of microaggression, and to this end, outline several implications of our analysis for social work practice...
September 27, 2016: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634296/recovery-from-heart-attack-biomedicalization-and-the-production-of-a-contingent-health-citizenship
#12
Darren Langdridge
In this article, I explore the experience of recovery from a heart attack through an analytic autoethnography. I discuss the tensions inherent in biomedical subjectivities of health and ill-health during cardiac recovery through three key themes: (a) the transfer of responsibility and becoming a subject "at risk," (b) technologies of biomedicine and the disciplining of subjectivities, and (c) the transformation of a body toward a new pharmaceuticalized bodily normal. Through an analysis driven by the biomedicalization thesis of Clarke, alongside work on biopower and the governmentality of health by Foucault, Rose, and Rabinow, I seek to provide new insights into the process of cardiac recovery and the relationship between individual experience and broader socio-political processes...
September 14, 2016: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590354/foucault-imaging-and-small-angle-electron-diffraction-in-controlled-external-magnetic-fields
#13
Hiroshi Nakajima, Atsuhiro Kotani, Ken Harada, Yui Ishii, Shigeo Mori
We report a method for acquiring Foucault images and small-angle electron diffraction patterns in external magnetic fields using a conventional transmission electron microscope without any modification. In the electron optical system that we have constructed, external magnetic fields parallel to the optical axis can be controlled using the objective lens pole piece under weak excitation conditions in the Foucault mode and the diffraction mode. We observe two ferromagnetic perovskite-type manganese oxides, La0...
September 2, 2016: Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559221/social-work-home-visits-to-children-and-families-in-the-uk-a-foucauldian-perspective
#14
Karen Winter, Viviene E Cree
The home visit is at the heart of social work practice with children and families; it is what children and families' social workers do more than any other single activity (except for recording), and it is through the home visit that assessments are made on a daily basis about risk, protection and welfare of children. And yet it is, more than any other activity, an example of what Pithouse has called an 'invisible trade': it happens behind closed doors, in the most secret and intimate spaces of family life. Drawing on conceptual tools associated with the work of Foucault, this article sets out to provide a critical, chronological review of research, policy and practice on home visiting...
July 2016: British Journal of Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559212/client-self-management-promoting-self-help-for-parents-of-children-in-foster-care
#15
Bjørn Øystein Angel
Drawing upon Foucault's concepts of power, this article shows how a course given to parents whose children are in foster-care encourages a particular form of self-management-most notably, that their internal dialogues must be altered so that the parents can view themselves as people in control of their behaviour who are in a position to choose new behaviour. The article is based on a qualitative study conducted in Norway and centres on the support and development of participants in the course. Study results show increased self-confidence and self-respect in the participants, both as individuals and as parents...
June 2016: British Journal of Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556722/portuguese-nursing-history-of-the-life-and-activism-of-maria-augusta-sousa
#16
Deybson Borba de Almeida, Gilberto Tadeu Reis da Silva, Paulo Joaquim Pina Queirós, Genival Fernandes de Freitas, Aline Di Carla Laitano, Sirléia de Sousa Almeida, Victor Porfirio Ferreira Almeida Santos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the history of the life and activism of Portuguese nurse Maria Augusta Sousa. METHOD: Sousa's life story was obtained by means of semi-structured interview swith Sousa as the oral source of data. NVivo qualitative research software was used for data analysis. Content analysis focused on thematic analysis based on the theoretical and philosophical ideas of Michel Foucault, in particular, power and techniques of the self. RESULTS: Alienation and political participation were revealed as pertinent issues...
May 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550568/the-penetrating-gaze-and-the-decline-of-the-autopsy
#17
William E Stempsey
Understanding the decline in the autopsy rate can be furthered through analysis of Foucault's idea of the medical gaze and the ancient Greek idea of theoria. The medical gaze has shifted over time from the surface of the body to the inner organs to the cellular and subcellular levels. Physicians and loved ones of the deceased person are not likely to "gaze" at the same levels. Patients' loved ones might not theorize as physicians do; they have different interests, which suggest the need for more attention to informed consent for autopsies...
2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550460/-natural-or-interactive-kinds-the-transient-mental-disorders-in-ian-hacking-s-lectures-at-the-coll%C3%A3-ge-de-france-2000-2006
#18
Emmanuel Delille, Marc Kirsch
The concepts developed by Ian Hacking during his lectures at the Collège de France (2000-2006) have provided an important contribution to the debates within the field of philosophy of psychiatry. Professor at the Chair of Philosophy and History of Scientific Concepts after Michel Foucault, Hacking is the author of a reflection on the classification of mental disorders, which arises from the problem of the natural kinds. In order to explain the case studies developed in Hacking's Paris lectures, we first go back to the definition of a series of concepts, then we discuss the status of his scientific metaphors...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550458/-on-michel-foucault-s-unpublished-lectures-on-ludwig-binswanger-s-existential-analysis-lille-1953-54
#19
Elisabetta Basso
This paper aims to analyze Michel Foucault's position toward phenomenological psychology and psychopathology during the 1950s, in light of the new documentary sources available today. Our investigation is especially focused on one of the courses given by Foucault at the University of Lille between 1952 and 1954, namely, the course on "Binswanger and phenomenology" (1953-54). The analysis of this course, which was conceived by Foucault within the context of a philosophical reflection on the anthropological problem of psychopathology, will finally allow us to re-ascribe Foucault the place he deserves in the field of "philosophy of psychiatry"...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505659/foucault-test-a-quantitative-evaluation-method
#20
Gustavo Rodríguez, Jesús Villa, Rumen Ivanov, Efrén González, Geminiano Martínez
Reliable and accurate testing methods are essential to guiding the polishing process during the figuring of optical telescope mirrors. With the natural advancement of technology, the procedures and instruments used to carry out this delicate task have consistently increased in sensitivity, but also in complexity and cost. Fortunately, throughout history, the Foucault knife-edge test has shown the potential to measure transverse aberrations in the order of the wavelength, mainly when described in terms of physical theory, which allows a quantitative interpretation of its characteristic shadowmaps...
August 1, 2016: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
keyword
keyword
19738
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"