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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225846/-plato-psychiatrist-foucault-platonic
#1
Nicolás Mathov
This work explores the links between the concepts of "soul", "law" and "word" in Plato's work, in order to highlight the importance and the centrality of the philosophical-therapeutic dimension in the Greek philosopher's thought. In that way, this work pretends to show that "contemporary" problems usually discussed within "Human Sciences" in general, and Psychiatry in particular, should confront their knowledge with Plato's work, mainly due to the profound influence his ideas have had in our Greco-Christian culture...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204950/-unnatural-thoughts-on-moral-enhancement-of-the-human-animal
#2
Norman K Swazo
Recent discussions about moral enhancement presuppose and recommend sets of values that relate to both the Western tradition of moral philosophy and contemporary empirical results of natural and social sciences, including moral psychology. It is argued here that this is a typology of thought that requires a fundamental interrogation. Proponents of moral enhancement do not account for important critical analyses of moral discourse, beginning with that of Friedrich Nietzsche and continuing with more prominent twentieth century thinkers such as the poststructuralist Michel Foucault, the deconstructionist Jacques Derrida, and the moral philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre...
February 15, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194930/representation-archaeology-and-genealogy-three-spatial-metaphors-for-inquiring-into-nursing-phenomena-with%C3%A2-foucauldian-discourse-analysis
#3
Michael E Clinton, Rusla Anne Springer
Foucault used the "Quadrilateral of Language" metaphor to describe how language functioned in what the French called the Classic Age, roughly 1650 to 1800, the period from Descartes to Kant. His purpose was to show how the functions of language changed radically with the arrival of the Modern Age (~1800). Foucault developed his archaeological methods to investigate the impact of this change, but later revised his methods to introduce genealogical strategies to conduct "histories of the present". Our purpose in this paper is to clarify Foucault's thinking about ruptures in the functions of language and to show their implications for analyzing nursing discourse...
February 14, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181003/friendly-tanning-young-adults-engagement-with-friends-around-indoor-tanning
#4
Vivian M Rodríguez, Casey L Daniel, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller, Jennifer L Hay
Indoor tanning (IT), particularly during early adulthood, increases risk for melanoma and is exceedingly common among youth. Social influence, including social norms, promotes IT but little is known about young adults' engagement with friends around tanning. We examined IT behaviors and tanning-related communication with friends at three universities. Of 837 participants, 261 (31%) reported ever tanning (90% female, 85% White). Of those, 113 (43%) were former tanners and 148 (57%) current tanners. Current tanners reported more social tanning and discussions with friends about tanning, more frequent outdoor tanning, high propensity to tan, and greater lifetime IT exposure than former tanners...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165286/the-erudite-humility-of-the-historian-the-critical-epistemology-of-georges-lant%C3%A3-ri-laura
#5
Elisabetta Basso Lorini
This paper analyses the historical and epistemological work of the French psychiatrist Georges Lantéri-Laura (1930-2004) within the context of the French 'tradition' of history and philosophy of sciences, with special reference to Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault. After an introduction devoted to a critical survey of the most recent works on the history and historiography of psychiatry in French, the paper outlines Lantéri-Laura's approach by focusing especially on the role played by the methodological concept of 'semiology' as regards the relation between medicine and psychiatry...
February 1, 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144835/the-urgent-need-to-ban-youth-indoor-tanning-evidence-from-college-undergraduates
#6
Casey L Daniel, Jennifer L Hay, Brooke Foucault Welles, Alan C Geller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131022/the-productive-techniques-and-constitutive-effects-of-evidence-based-policy-and-consumer-participation-discourses-in-health-policy-processes
#7
K Lancaster, K Seear, C Treloar, A Ritter
For over twenty years there have been calls for greater 'consumer' participation in health decision-making. While it is recognised by governments and other stakeholders that 'consumer' participation is desirable, barriers to meaningful involvement nonetheless remain. It has been suggested that the reifying of 'evidence-based policy' may be limiting opportunities for participation, through the way this discourse legitimates particular voices to the exclusion of others. Others have suggested that assumptions underpinning the very notion of the 'affected community' or 'consumers' as fixed and bounded 'policy publics' need to be problematised...
January 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120766/-complicities-and-ambivalences-of-psychiatry-m%C3%A3-nsterlingen-and-the-1954-feast-of-fools
#8
Elisabetta Basso
In March 1954, Foucault visited the psychiatric asylum of Münsterlingen (Canton Thurgau), on the Swiss side of Lake Constance. Münsterlingen was the chosen place of activity for well-known psychiatrists, including Hermann Rorschach (1910-1913), and it became famous in the history of psychiatry especially through the work of Roland Kuhn, who was active in the asylum from 1939 to 1979. Kuhn was an expert in the Rorschach psycho-diagnostic test, as well as the discoverer of the first antidepressant in the early 1950s...
January 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042338/tumor-stiffening-a-key-determinant-of-tumor-progression-is-reversed-by-nanomaterial-induced-photothermal-therapy
#9
Iris Marangon, Amanda A K Silva, Thomas Guilbert, Jelena Kolosnjaj-Tabi, Carmen Marchiol, Sharuja Natkhunarajah, Foucault Chamming's, Cécilia Ménard-Moyon, Alberto Bianco, Jean-Luc Gennisson, Gilles Renault, Florence Gazeau
Tumor stiffening, stemming from aberrant production and organization of extracellular matrix (ECM), has been considered a predictive marker of tumor malignancy, non-invasively assessed by ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE). Being more than a passive marker, tumor stiffening restricts the delivery of diagnostic and therapeutic agents to the tumor and per se could modulate cellular mechano-signaling, tissue inflammation and tumor progression. Current strategies to modify the tumor extracellular matrix are based on ECM-targeting chemical agents but also showed deleterious systemic effects...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005252/the-biopolitics-of-lifestyle-foucault-ethics-and-healthy-choices-christopher-mayes-2016-routledge-oxford-and-new-york-978-1-138-93386-6-156-pp
#10
Andrew Cooper
Unlike many recent studies on the notion of lifestyle, Christopher Mayes' The Biopolitics of Lifestyle balances theoretical rigour with empirical investigation to problematize the use of lifestyle in public health strategies. Not only does Mayes' book expose the unjustified emphasis on individual autonomy undergirding neoliberal strategies of governance and contemporary ethical theory, it also marks a significant step forward in enhancing our understanding of one of Foucault's most underappreciated concepts, the dispositif...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992050/the-simulators-truth-and-power-in-the-psychiatry-of-jos%C3%A3-ingenieros
#11
Sandra Caponi
Using Michel Foucault's lectures on "Psychiatric power" as its starting point, this article analyzes the book Simulación de la locura (The simulation of madness), published in 1903 by the Argentine psychiatrist José Ingenieros. Foucault argues that the problem of simulation permeates the entire history of modern psychiatry. After initial analysis of José Ingenieros's references to the question of simulation in the struggle for existence, the issue of simulation in pathological states in general is examined, and lastly the simulation of madness and the problem of degeneration...
October 2016: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938719/forms-of-presentism-in-the-history-of-science-rethinking-the-project-of-historical-epistemology
#12
Laurent Loison
Since the late 1980s, presentism has seen a resurgence among some historians of science. Most of them draw a line between a good form of presentism and typical anachronism, but where the line should be drawn remains an open question. The present article aims at resolving this problem. In the first part I define the four main distinct forms of presentism at work in the history of science and the different purposes they serve. Based on this typology, the second part reconsiders what counts as anachronism, Whiggism and positivist history...
December 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891628/power-empowerment-and-person-centred-care-using-ethnography-to-examine-the-everyday-practice-of-unregistered-dementia-care-staff
#13
Kezia Scales, Simon Bailey, Joanne Middleton, Justine Schneider
The social positioning and treatment of persons with dementia reflects dominant biomedical discourses of progressive and inevitable loss of insight, capacity, and personality. Proponents of person-centred care, by contrast, suggest that such loss can be mitigated within environments that preserve rather than undermine personhood. In formal organisational settings, person-centred approaches place particular responsibility on 'empowered' direct-care staff to translate these principles into practice. These staff provide the majority of hands-on care, but with limited training, recognition, or remuneration...
November 28, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862651/critical-thinking-and-contemporary-mental-health-care-michel-foucault-s-history-of-the-present
#14
Marc Roberts
In order to be able to provide informed, effective and responsive mental health care and to do so in an evidence-based, collaborative and recovery-focused way with those who use mental health services, there is a recognition of the need for mental health professionals to possess sophisticated critical thinking capabilities. This article will therefore propose that such capabilities can be productively situated within the context of the work of the French philosopher Michel Foucault, one of the most challenging, innovative and influential thinkers of the 20th century...
November 11, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859876/power-and-resistance-within-the-hospital-s-hierarchical-system-the-experiences-of-chronically-ill-patients
#15
Odette Griscti, Megan Aston, Grace Warner, Ruth Martin-Misener, Deborah McLeod
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore experiences of chronically ill patients and registered nurses when they negotiate patient care in hospital settings. Specifically, we explored how social and institutional discourses shape power relations during the negotiation process. BACKGROUND: The hospital system is embedded in a hierarchical structure where the voice of the healthcare provider as expert is often given more importance than the patient. This system has been criticised as being oppressive to patients who are perceived to be lower in the hierarchy...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842739/-psychiatry-and-biopolitics-in-context-of-war-understanding-conflict-to-build-the-post-conflict
#16
Paula Ariadna Corzo Pérez
The purpose of this document is to present a review on biopolitics and psychiatry in the context of war, considering that this is where the greatest number of altered and deviant behaviours is generated. Along this line, as it is not about the psychopathology, but of its behaviour, of the approaches of Michel Foucault as regards the relationships of power, as such that it allows introducing the reader to a new perspective of thinking and understanding of the elements that have given rise to the maintenance of violent behaviour patterns and of the war itself...
October 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821596/do-online-communities-change-power-processes-in-healthcare-using-case-studies-to-examine-the-use-of-online-health-communities-by-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#17
Laura M Visser, Inge L Bleijenbergh, Yvonne W M Benschop, Allard C R Van Riel, Bastiaan R Bloem
OBJECTIVE: Communication technologies, such as personal online health communities, are increasingly considered as a tool to realise patient empowerment. However, little is known about the actual use of online health communities. Here, we investigated if and how patients' use of online communities supports patient empowerment. SETTING: A network of primary and secondary care providers around individual patients with Parkinson's disease. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted case studies to examine our research question...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760507/-we-talk-we-do-not-have-shame-addressing-stigma-by-reconstructing-identity-through-enhancing-social-cohesion-among-female-sex-workers-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic
#18
Maria Augusta Carrasco, Clare Barrington, Caitlin Kennedy, Martha Perez, Yeycy Donastorg, Deanna Kerrigan
This study explores social cohesion as a strategy used by female sex workers to address layered HIV and sex work-related stigma. Data derive from a thematic analysis of 23 in-depth interviews and 2 focus groups with female sex workers living with HIV enrolled in a multi-level HIV/STI prevention, treatment and care intervention in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Drawing on Foucault's conceptualisation of modern power, discipline and resistance, we argue that social cohesion provides the psychosocial space (of trust, solidarity and mutual aid) to subvert oppressive societal norms, enabling the reconstruction of identity...
October 20, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753632/the-one-or-the-many-quantified-subjectivity-and-aggregated-uniqueness-in-qualitative-rehabilitation-research
#19
Truls I Juritzen, Helene L Soberg, Cecilie Røe, Martin Saebu, Grace Engen, Trond Bliksvaer, Eivind Engebretsen
This article aims to identify and critically assess qualitative intervention studies of rehabilitation processes that target young adults. By applying a meta-epistemological approach inspired by the works of Michel Foucault and Julia Kristeva, we examine how the included studies present qualitative knowledge and whether they adhere to their own stated principles of qualitative knowledge. Through their stated aims and theoretical framing, the articles draw attention to individual processes of meaning making...
January 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733102/friendship-sexual-intimacy-and-young-people-s-negotiations-of-sexual-health
#20
Paul Byron
This paper examines how young people's friendships influence safer sexual practices. Through a thematic discourse analysis, interviews with Sydney-based young people (aged 18-25 years) and Australian-based sexual health websites for young people are considered. Interview data illustrate how friendships can support young people's sexual experiences, concerns and safeties beyond the practice of 'safe sex' (condom use). This is evident in friends' practices of sex and relationship advice, open dialogue, trust and sharing experiential knowledge, as well as friend-based sex...
October 13, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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