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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641591/foucault-retires-to-the-gym-understanding-embodied-aging-in-the-third-age
#1
Kristi A Allain, Barbara Marshall
In light of recent social pressures leading to a reimagining of the "Third Age" as a time of constant activity rather than repose and relaxation, this article explores the pressure on individuals to age "successfully" by engaging in physical activity in later life. Through semi-structured interviews with 15 retired or semi-retired gym-goers (eight women and seven men), the article examines how this call to increased activity impacts the ways active mid-life and older adults understand themselves and others...
June 23, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622111/caregiving-for-the-elderly-person-discourses-embedded-in-the-brazilian-practical-guide-for-the-caregiver
#2
Meiriel Tavares Araujo, Isabela Cancio Velloso, Christine Ceci, Mary Ellen Purkis
It is estimated that in 2025, Brazil will have the sixth largest elderly population in the world. Beyond the economic consequences of this projection, this changing demographic portends significant changes in the social realm. The aim of this study was to review and consider a range of government documents directed towards elderly Brazilian citizens that have been developed over the past thirty years to explore the ways that caregivers of older persons are positioned in daily care practices through the discourses such documents deploy...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606586/identification-of-cd146-as-a-novel-molecular-actor-involved-in-systemic-sclerosis
#3
Elise Kaspi, Xavier Heim, Brigitte Granel, Benjamin Guillet, Jimmy Stalin, Marie Nollet, Alexandrine Bertaud-Foucault, Andrée Robaglia-Schlupp, Patrice Roll, Pierre Cau, Aurélie Leroyer, Richard Bachelier, Audrey Benyamine, Françoise Dignat-George, Marcel Blot-Chabaud, Nathalie Bardin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603443/the-uses-of-reason-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#4
Steven Dorrestijn
The art of living idiom suits well a practice-oriented approach in ethics of technology. But what remains or becomes of the functioning and use of reason in ethics? In reaction to the comments by Huijer this reply elaborates in more detail how Foucault's art of living can be adapted for a critical contemporary ethics of technology. And the aesthetic-political rationality in Foucault's ethics is compared with Wellner's suggestions of holding on to the notion of code but with a new meaning. Foucault's fourfold scheme of subjectivation and a distinction of "below and above reason" structure the argument...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603442/a-critical-use-of-foucault-s-art-of-living
#5
EDITORIAL
Marli Huijer
Foucault's vocabulary of arts of existence might be helpful to problematize the entwinement of humans and technology and to search for new types of hybrid selves. However, to be a serious new ethical vocabulary for technology, this art of existence should be supplemented with an ongoing critical discourse of technologies, including a critical analysis of the subjectivities imposed by technologies, and should be supplemented with new medical and philosophical regimens for an appropriate use of technologies.
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603441/the-care-of-our-hybrid-selves-ethics-in-times-of-technical-mediation
#6
Steven Dorrestijn
What can the art of living after Foucault contribute to ethics in relation to the mediation of human existence by technology? To develop the relation between technical mediation and ethics, firstly the theme of technical mediation is elaborated in line with Foucault's notion of ethical problematization. Every view of what technology does to us at the same time expresses an ethical concern about technology. The contemporary conception of technical mediation tends towards the acknowledgement of ongoing hybridization, not ultimately good or bad but ambivalent, which means for us the challenge of taking care of ourselves as hybrid beings...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580614/instrumentalisation-of-the-health-system-an-examination-of-the-impact-on-nursing-practice-and-patient-autonomy
#7
Jesús Molina-Mula, Elizabeth Peter, Julia Gallo-Estrada, Catalina Perelló-Campaner
Most current management systems of healthcare institutions correspond to a model of market ethics with its demands of competitiveness. This approach has been called managerialism and is couched in terms of much-needed efficiencies and effective management of budgetary constraints. The aim of this study was to analyse the decision-making of nurses through the impact of health institution management models on clinical practice. Based on Foucault's ethical theory, a qualitative study was conducted through a discourse analysis of the nursing records in a hospital unit...
June 4, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551772/e-health-beyond-technology-analyzing-the-paradigm-shift-that-lies-beneath
#8
Tania Moerenhout, Ignaas Devisch, Gustaaf C Cornelis
Information and computer technology has come to play an increasingly important role in medicine, to the extent that e-health has been described as a disruptive innovation or revolution in healthcare. The attention is very much focused on the technology itself, and advances that have been made in genetics and biology. This leads to the question: What is changing in medicine today concerning e-health? To what degree could these changes be characterized as a 'revolution'? We will apply the work of Thomas Kuhn, Larry Laudan, Michel Foucault and other philosophers-which offers an alternative understanding of progress and revolution in medicine to the classic discovery-oriented approach-to our analysis...
May 27, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527955/neuroprotective-effect-of-the-alpha-7-nicotinic-receptor-agonist-pha-543613-in-an-in-vivo-excitotoxic-adult-rat-model
#9
Laura Foucault-Fruchard, Aurélie Doméné, Guylène Page, Marguerite Windsor, Patrick Emond, Nuno Rodrigues, Frédéric Dollé, Annelaure Damont, Frédéric Buron, Sylvain Routier, Sylvie Chalon, Daniel Antier
Neuroinflammation is a key component of the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases. The link between nicotine intake and positive outcome has been established, suggesting a role played by nicotinic receptors (nAChRs), especially α7nAChRs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential dose effects of PHA 543613 on neuron survival and striatal microglial activation in a rat model of brain excitotoxicity. A preliminary study was performed in vitro to confirm PHA 543613 agonist properties on α7nAChRs...
May 18, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471313/coming-out-confessions-negotiating-the-burden-of-lesbian-identity-politics-in-south-africa
#10
Ella Kotze, Brett Bowman
For lesbians, "coming out" or disclosing one's sexual orientation has come to be seen as a marker of self-acceptance, actualization, and the imperative first step in the authentication of a liberated subjectivity and social identity. However, other critical schools of thought, largely informed by Foucault's middle writings, have argued that "coming out" is merely a confessional response to an incitement to discourse about sex. This study explored constructions of coming out by a group of self-identified lesbians in South Africa...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456855/beyond-vulnerability-how-the-dual-role-of-patient-health-care-provider-can-inform-health-professions-education
#11
Paula Rowland, Ayelet Kuper
In order to prepare fully competent health care professionals, health professions education must be concerned with the relational space between patients and providers. Compassion and compassionate care are fundamental elements of this relational space. Traditionally, health professions educators and leaders have gone to two narrative sources when attempting to better under constructs of compassion: patients or providers. Rarely have there been explorations of the perspectives of those who consider themselves as both patients and providers...
April 29, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#12
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433935/distinct-on-off-fluorescence-signals-from-dual-responsive-activatable-nanoprobes-allows-detection-of-inflammation-with-improved-contrast
#13
Mathieu L Viger, Guillaume Collet, Jacques Lux, Viet Anh Nguyen Huu, Monica Guma, Alexandra Foucault-Collet, Jason Olejniczak, Shivanjali Joshi-Barr, Gary S Firestein, Adah Almutairi
Visualization of biochemical changes associated with disease is of great clinical significance, as it should allow earlier, more accurate diagnosis than structural imaging, facilitating timely clinical intervention. Herein, we report combining stimuli-responsive polymers and near-infrared fluorescent dyes (emission max: 790 nm) to create robust activatable fluorescent nanoprobes capable of simultaneously detecting acidosis and oxidative stress associated with inflammatory microenvironments. The spectrally-resolved mechanism of fluorescence activation allows removal of unwanted background signal (up to 20-fold reduction) and isolation of a pure activated signal, which enables sensitive and unambiguous localization of inflamed areas; target-to-background ratios reach 22 as early as 3 h post-injection...
March 28, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380125/-anomalisa-and-teaching-clinical-communication-in-medical-practice
#14
Bruno Pereira Stelet, Luis David Castiel, Danielle Ribeiro de Moraes
Based on reflections on the film Anomalisa and Foucault's concept of biopower, this essay discusses the limits of teaching clinical communication skills in medical training. Communication with patients is not related to the use (or lack thereof) of certain phrases or a given conversational style, but involves the search for a way of interacting with the other in the midst of the world's disorder, the overwhelming wave of suffering, and the frightening lapse of time between life and death. In this scenario featuring biotechnoscience and the reign of scientific evidence, beyond protocols or standardized ways of practicing medicine, the proposal here is for a debate on teaching communication with an emphasis on the production of subjectivities, in order to issue a call for reflection on desirable values for action in the health field...
March 30, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378045/-existence-absence-and-power-of-madness-a%C3%A2-critical-review-of-michel-foucault-s-writings-on-the-history-and-philosophy-of-madness
#15
Burkhart Brückner, Lukas Iwer, Samuel Thoma
This article discusses Michel Foucault's main writings on "madness and psychiatry" from his early works up to the 1970s. On the one hand, we reconstruct the overall theoretical and methodological development of his positions over the course of the different periods in his oeuvre. On the other hand, we also take a closer look at Foucault's philosophical considerations regarding the subjects of his investigations. After an initial introduction of our conceptual approach, we draw on the most recent research on Foucault to show to what extent the phenomenological description of the topic at hand and the historical-critical perspective that are reflected in his early writings of 1954 (the Introduction to Binswanger's Dream and Existence and Mental Illness and Personality) laid the ground for his later work...
April 4, 2017: NTM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344697/learning-by-concordance-lbc-introducing-undergraduate-students-to-the-complexity-and-uncertainty-of-clinical-practice
#16
Nicolas Fernandez, Amélie Foucault, Serge Dubé, Diane Robert, Chantal Lafond, Anne-Marie Vincent, Jeannine Kassis, Driss Kazitani, Bernard Charlin
BACKGROUND: A current challenge in medical education is the steep exposure to the complexity and uncertainty of clinical practice in early clerkship. The gap between pre-clinical courses and the reality of clinical decision-making can be overwhelming for undergraduate students. The Learning-by-Concordance (LbC) approach aims to bridge this gap by embedding complexity and uncertainty by relying on real-life situations and exposure to expert reasoning processes to support learning. LbC provides three forms of support: 1) expert responses that students compare with their own, 2) expert explanations and 3) recognized scholars' key-messages...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299858/psychoeducation-for-bipolar-disorder-a-discourse-analysis
#17
Lynere Wilson, Marie Crowe, Anne Scott, Cameron Lacey
Psychoeducation has become a common intervention within mental health settings. It aims to increase people's ability to manage a life with a long-term illness. For people with bipolar disorder, psychoeducation is one of a range of psychosocial interventions now considered part of contemporary mental health practice. It has taken on a 'common sense' status that results in little critique of psychoeducation practices. Using a published manual on psychoeducation and bipolar disorder as its data, Foucauldian discourse analysis was used in the present study for a critical perspective on psychoeducation in order to explore the taken-for-granted assumptions on which it is based...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291951/utilisation-of-an-electronic-portfolio-to-engage-rehabilitation-professionals-in-continuing-professional-development-results-of-a-provincial-survey
#18
Marie-Lyse Foucault, Brigitte Vachon, Aliki Thomas, Annie Rochette, Charles-Édouard Giguère
INTRODUCTION: ePortfolios are frequently used to support continuing professional development (CPD) of rehabilitation professionals. Though this tool is now widely implemented in many professions by regulatory organisations, very few studies have investigated the use and impact among rehabilitation professionals. Implementation of comprehensive ePortfolios that are centred on the needs of rehabilitation professionals requires documenting their level of use and perceived outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to describe how occupational therapists use a mandatory ePortfolio that has been recently implemented by a regulatory organisation in Quebec (Canada) and the perceived outcomes of this requirement on continuing professional development and practice change...
March 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284919/nanostructured-monolinolein-miniemulsions-as-delivery-systems-role-of-the-internal-mesophase-on-cytotoxicity-and-cell-internalization
#19
Samuel Guillot, Fabienne Méducin, Kristina Poljak, Virginie Malard, Alexandra Foucault-Collet, Sébastien Serieye, Chantal Pichon
Recent advances in nanoparticle systems for improved drug delivery display a great potential for the administration of active molecules. Here, lipid miniemulsions with various internal nanostructures were loaded with the chemotherapeutic agent Paclitaxel. The goal is to assess the impact of internal structures on their efficiency. Previously the structure, the stability and the physico-chemical properties of those carriers were characterized. Modalities of action were addressed by the evaluation of their effects on the tumor cells viability, their cellular uptake by flow cytometry and confocal microscopy detection of fluorescently labeled nanostructured miniemulsions...
March 8, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260172/the-oblique-perspective-philosophical-diagnostics-of-contemporary-life-sciences-research
#20
Hub Zwart
This paper indicates how continental philosophy may contribute to a diagnostics of contemporary life sciences research, as part of a "diagnostics of the present" (envisioned by continental thinkers, from Hegel up to Foucault). First, I describe (as a "practicing" philosopher) various options for an oblique (or symptomatic) reading of emerging scientific discourse, bent on uncovering the basic "philosophemes" of science (i.e. the guiding ideas, the basic conceptions of nature, life and technology at work in contemporary life sciences research practices)...
December 2017: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
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