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Coronary heart disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228000/an-in-vivo-assessment-of-the-cholesterol-lowering-efficacy-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-ecgc-13110402-in-normal-to-mildly-hypercholesterolaemic-adults
#1
Adele Costabile, Ivan Buttarazzi, Sofia Kolida, Sara Quercia, Jessica Baldini, Jonathan R Swann, Patrizia Brigidi, Glenn R Gibson
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the major causes of death and disability in industrialised countries, with elevated blood cholesterol an established risk factor. Total plasma cholesterol reduction in populations suffering from primary hypercholesterolemia may lower CHD incidence. This study investigated the cholesterol reducing capacity of Lactobacillus plantarum ECGC 13110402, a strain selected for its high bile salt hydrolase activity, in 49 normal to mildly hypercholesterolaemic adults. Primary efficacy outcomes included effect on blood lipids (total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoproteins (LDL-C), high density lipoproteins (HDL-C) and triacylgycerides (TAG), inflammatory biomarkers and occurrence/severity of gastrointestinal side effects to establish safety and tolerance of the intervention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227985/low-frequency-of-fabry-disease-in-patients-with-common-heart-disease
#2
Raphael Schiffmann, Caren Swift, Nathan McNeill, Elfrida R Benjamin, Jeffrey P Castelli, Jay Barth, Lawrence Sweetman, Xuan Wang, Xiaoyang Wu
PurposeTo test the hypothesis that undiagnosed patients with Fabry disease exist among patients affected by common heart disease.MethodsGlobotriaosylceramide in random whole urine using tandem mass spectroscopy, α-galactosidase A activity in dried blood spots, and next-generation sequencing of pooled or individual genomic DNA samples supplemented by Sanger sequencing.ResultsWe tested 2,256 consecutive patients: 852 women (median age 65 years (19-95)) and 1,404 men (median age 65 years (21-92)). The primary diagnoses were coronary artery disease (n = 994), arrhythmia (n = 607), cardiomyopathy (n = 138), and valvular disease (n = 568)...
October 26, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227300/exercise-testing-in-heart-failure-a-contemporary-discussion-in-an-era-of-novel-diagnostic-techniques-and-biomarkers
#3
Kegan J Moneghetti, Jeffrey W Christle, Jonathan Myers, Francois Haddad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent advances in the field of exercise testing for patients with heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: The importance of assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and exercise testing in heart failure is highlighted in the consensus recommendation of the American Heart Association. Contemporary studies have validated the independent and incremental strength of CRF metrics in patients with heart failure and coronary artery disease...
December 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226894/identifying-undiagnosed-or-undertreated-patients-with-familial-hypercholesterolemia-from-the-laboratory-records-of-a-tertiary-medical-center
#4
Cem Haymana, Hamza Berlik, Yalçın Güneş, Orhan Enes Tunçez, Cihat Aytekin, Zafer Tapıkara, Hüseyin Güzel, Özlem Öztürk, Cem Barçın, Taner Özgürtaş, Ömer Azal, Alper Sönmez
OBJECTIVE: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a life-threatening genetic disease associated with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and premature coronary heart disease that is undiagnosed and undertreated around the world. This study aimed to examine the demographic characteristics, awareness, and treatment adherence of undiagnosed or undertreated FH patients based on laboratory records. METHODS: In a 16-month retrospective survey using laboratory records, patients with elevated LDL-C (>250 mg/dL) were identified (n=395)...
December 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225905/added-sugars-drive-coronary-heart-disease-via-insulin-resistance-and-hyperinsulinaemia-a-new-paradigm
#5
EDITORIAL
James J DiNicolantonio, James H OKeefe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225577/if-channel-as-an-emerging-therapeutic-target-for-cardiovascular-diseases-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-controversies
#6
REVIEW
Hayelom G Mengesha, Tadesse B Tafesse, Mohammed H Bule
In 2015, non-communicable diseases accounted for 39.5 million (70%) of the total 56.4 million deaths that occurred globally, of which 17.7 million (45%) were due to cardiovascular diseases. An elevated heart rate is considered to be one of the independent predictors and markers of future cardiovascular diseases. A variety of experimental and epidemiological studies have found that atherosclerosis, heart failure, coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmia are linked to elevated heart rate. Although there are established drugs to reduce the heart rate, these drugs have undesirable side effects...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224678/atherosclerosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#7
REVIEW
Sara Croca, Anisur Rahman
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), comprising coronary heart disease and stroke, is one of the most important causes of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The risks of developing both clinical CVD and sub-clinical atherosclerosis are increased in patients with SLE. This increase is not fully explained by traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, hypertension and elevated cholesterol, and it is believed that immune dysfunction also contributes to CVD risk in SLE. In particular, recent studies have shown that abnormalities in both serum lipid profile and the autoantibody and T lymphocyte response to lipids may play a role in development of atherosclerosis...
June 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224016/survival-in-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes-in-a-population-referred-for-invasive-evaluation-of-coronary-disease
#8
Per Mølstad, Olaf Rødevand
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate long-term and time trends of survival in patients with a clinical diagnosis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes compared to patients without diabetes in a population referred for invasive treatment of coronary disease. METHODS: Patients examined for heart disease at the Feiring LHL Clinics from March 1999 until December 2014 were followed for survival until 20 September, 2015. This yielded 43,872 patients with a known survival status including 1,326 (3...
December 9, 2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223500/impact-of-chronic-kidney-disease-on-mortality-in-adults-undergoing-balloon-aortic-valvuloplasty
#9
Puja B Parikh, Samantha Novotny, Allen Jeremias, Javed Butler, Jie Yang, Donglei Yin, Luis Gruberg
BACKGROUND: Balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is often utilized as a bridge prior to surgical or transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is commonly present in patients with aortic stenosis, however, its association with outcomes following BAV has not been well studied. Accordingly, we sought to assess the impact of CKD on mortality in adults undergoing BAV. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was screened for hospitalizations involving adults undergoing BAV from 2006 to 2012...
October 26, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223429/predicting-risk-of-cardiac-events-among-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-patients-with-conservatively-managed-non-infarct-related-artery-coronary-artery-disease-an-analysis-of-the-duke-databank-for-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Sameer A Hirji, Susanna R Stevens, Linda K Shaw, Erin C Campbell, Christopher B Granger, Manesh R Patel, Michael H Sketch, Tracy Y Wang, E Magnus Ohman, Eric D Peterson, J Matthew Brennan
BACKGROUND: Recent randomized evidence has demonstrated benefit with complete revascularization during the index hospitalization for multivessel coronary artery disease ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients; however, this benefit likely depends on the risk of future major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). METHODS: Using data from Duke University Medical Center (2003-2012), we identified those at high risk for 1-year MACE among 664 STEMI patients with conservatively managed non-infarct-related artery (non-IRA) lesions...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222858/obesity-lipid-profiles-and-oxidative-stress-in-children-after-liver-transplantation
#11
Piotr Czubkowski, Aldona Wierzbicka, Joanna Pawłowska, Irena Jankowska, Piotr Socha
PURPOSE: In adult liver transplant recipients, coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure are significant cause of morbidity and mortality. This may be attributed to the long-term immunosuppressive treatment, mostly with calcineurin inhibitors and steroids, which in long-term may be associated with hyperlipidemia, oxidative stress and cardiovascular complications. Since such data for children is sparse, the aim of this study was to assess the lipid and oxidative stress markers after pediatric liver transplantation (LTx)...
December 10, 2017: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222822/coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-and-myocardial-contractile-reserve-in-women-with-angina-and-no-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Marie M Michelsen, Adam Pena, Naja D Mygind, Jan Bech, Ida Gustafsson, Jens Kastrup, Henrik S Hansen, Nis Høst, Peter R Hansen, Eva Prescott
BACKGROUND: Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) is a potential cause of myocardial ischemia and may affect myocardial function at rest and during stress. We investigated whether CMD was associated with left ventricular diastolic and systolic function at rest and during pharmacologically induced hyperemic stress. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, we included 963 women with angina, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) >45%, and an invasive coronary angiogram without significant stenosis (<50%)...
December 8, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222638/meat-intake-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-analysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study-jdcs
#13
Chika Horikawa, Chiemi Kamada, Shiro Tanaka, Sachiko Tanaka, Atsushi Araki, Hideki Ito, Satoshi Matsunaga, Kazuya Fujihara, Yukio Yoshimura, Yasuo Ohashi, Yasuo Akanuma, Hirohito Sone
PURPOSE: Excessive meat intake has been researched as a major cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among healthy adults, but data on this topic in Asian patients with diabetes are sparse. The quantity and variety of available meats vary widely between Asian and Western countries. As part of a nationwide cohort study we investigated the relationship between meat intake and incidence of CVD in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-70 years with HbA1c ≥ 6.5%. METHODS: Analyzed were 1353 responders to a baseline dietary survey assessed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire based on food groups...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222132/invasive-assessment-of-the-coronary-microvasculature-the-index-of-microcirculatory-resistance
#14
REVIEW
William F Fearon, Yuhei Kobayashi
Traditionally, invasive coronary physiological assessment has focused on the epicardial coronary artery. More recently, appreciation of the importance of the coronary microvasculature in determining patient outcomes has grown. Several invasive modalities for interrogating microvascular function have been proposed. Angiographic techniques have been limited by their qualitative and subjective nature. Doppler wire-derived coronary flow reserve has been applied in research studies, but its clinical role has been limited by its lack of reproducibility, its lack of a clear normal value, and the fact that it is not specific for the microvasculature but interrogates the entire coronary circulation...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222122/increased-aortic-diameters-on-multidetector-computed-tomographic-scan-are-independent-predictors-of-incident-adverse-cardiovascular-events-the-framingham-heart-study
#15
Saadia Qazi, Joseph M Massaro, Michael L Chuang, Ralph B D'Agostino, Udo Hoffmann, Christopher J O'Donnell
BACKGROUND: Adverse aortic remodeling, such as dilation, is associated with multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We sought to determine whether measures of enlarged aortic diameters improve prediction of incident adverse CVD events above standard CVD risk factors in a community-dwelling cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants from the Framingham Offspring and Third Generation Cohorts (n=3318; aged 48.9±10.3 years), who underwent noncontrast thoracic and abdominal multidetector computed tomography during 2002 to 2005, had complete risk factor profiles, and were free of clinical CVD, were included in this study...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221444/genome-wide-association-study-of-coronary-artery-calcified-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-african-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Jasmin Divers, Nicholette D Palmer, Carl D Langefeld, W Mark Brown, Lingyi Lu, Pamela J Hicks, S Carrie Smith, Jianzhao Xu, James G Terry, Thomas C Register, Lynne E Wagenknecht, John S Parks, Lijun Ma, Gary C Chan, Sarah G Buxbaum, Adolfo Correa, Solomon Musani, James G Wilson, Herman A Taylor, Donald W Bowden, John Jeffrey Carr, Barry I Freedman
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcified atherosclerotic plaque (CAC) predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD). Despite exposure to more severe conventional CVD risk factors, African Americans (AAs) are less likely to develop CAC, and when they do, have markedly lower levels than European Americans. Genetic factors likely contribute to the observed ethnic differences. To identify genes associated with CAC in AAs with type 2 diabetes (T2D), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed using the Illumina 5 M chip in 691 African American-Diabetes Heart Study participants (AA-DHS), with replication in 205 Jackson Heart Study (JHS) participants with T2D...
December 8, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221351/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-system-as-a-bridge-to-reparative-surgery-in-ventricular-septal-defect-complicating-acute-inferoposterior-myocardial-infarction
#17
Jose Rozado, Isaac Pascual, Pablo Avanzas, Daniel Hernandez-Vaquero, Ruben Alvarez, Rocio Díaz, Beatriz Díaz, María Martín, Amelia Carro, Guillermo Muñiz, Jacobo Silva, Cesar Moris
Post-infarction ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a rare but potentially lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction. Medical management is usually futile, so definitive surgery remains the treatment of choice but the risk surgery is very high and the optimal timing for surgery is still under debate. A 55-year-old man with no previous medical history attended the emergency-room for 12 h evolution of oppressive chest pain and strong anginal pain 7 days ago. On physical examination, blood pressure was 96/70 mmHg, pansystolic murmur over left sternal border without pulmonary crackles...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221261/clinical-analysis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-caused-by-coronary-embolism
#18
Zhen-Yu Jiao, Da-Peng Zhang, Kun Xia, Le-Feng Wang, Xin-Chun Yang
Background: This study aims to investigate the clinical and angiographic features in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by coronary artery embolism. Methods: Clinical data of five patients with AMI induced by coronary artery embolism were analyzed retrospectively. Results: One patient had left atrial myxoma, one patient had non-valvular atrial fibrillation, and three patients had rheumatic heart disease. Furthermore, one patient had mitral mechanical valve prostheses, two patients had atrial fibrillation...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220730/effect-of-white-matter-changes-on-risk-score-for-peri-procedural-complications-after-carotid-artery-stenting
#19
Chun Yu, Wen Cheng Guo, Lei Zhu, Jin Yun Tan, Wei Hao Shi, Xiao Long Zhang, Yu Xiang Gu, Xiang Han, Qiang Dong
OBJECTIVES: The presence of more severe white matter changes (WMC) may be associated with a higher risk of peri-procedural strokes in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, to what extent WMC affects peri-procedural risk of CAS is unclear. We aimed to evaluate the effect of WMC on peri-procedural complications by modifying a CAS peri-procedural risk scale through adding the assessment of WMC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A database of patients undergoing CAS was sampled from 2007 to 2014 in a single Chinese medical center...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218951/-research-on-compatibility-of-prescriptions-including-ginseng-radix-et-rhizoma-and-trogopterus-dung-based-on-complex-network-analysis
#20
Meng-Wen Li, Xin-Sheng Fan, Ling-Shan Zhang, Cong-Jun Wang
The applications of prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung in contemporary literatures from 1949 to 2016 are compiled and the data mining techniques containing scale-free complex network method are utilized to explore its practical characteristics, with comparison between modern and ancient ones. The results indicate that malignant neoplasms, coronary heart disease which present Qi deficiency and blood stasis type are the main diseases treated by prescriptions including Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Trogopterus Dung according to the reports during 1949 to 2016...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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