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Ágoston Schmelowszky
In the last decades one can perceive a striking parallelism between the shifting perspective of leading representatives of empirical dream research concerning their conceptualization of dreaming and the paradigm shift within clinically based psychoanalytic metapsychology with respect to its theory on the significance of dreaming. In metapsychology, dreaming becomes more and more a central metaphor of mental functioning in general. The theories of Klein, Bion, and Matte-Blanco can be considered as milestones of this paradigm shift...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
Jason Dean
In his classic, The Birth of Tragedy, Nietzsche described a philosophical worldview that has many similarities to Freudian metapsychology. This paper uses Freud's theories to analyze The Birth of Tragedy, discussing the similarities and differences between Nietzsche's philosophy and Freudian metapsychology. The author suggests that while psychoanalysis was born from the spirit of German philosophy, in that it based itself on a similar concept of the unconscious, Freud diverged from his predecessors to create a new worldview, based on the acceptance and integration of unconscious desire...
August 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
Gabriel Sapisochin
In this commentary on Paul Denis's paper 'The drive revisited: mastery and satisfaction', the author defends the idea of a plurality of metapsychologies that must be contrasted with and distinguished from each other while avoiding incompatible translations between models. In this connection he presents various theoretical approaches to aggression and the death drive, and demonstrates the differences between the drive model and the model underlying the theory of internalized object relations. The author holds that the concept of the internal object differs from Freud's notion of the representation (Vorstellung)...
June 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Stephen H Richmond
The question of how to place psychoanalysis in relation to science has been debated since the beginning of psychoanalysis and continues to this day. The author argues that psychoanalysis is best viewed as a form of applied art (also termed applied aesthetics) in parallel to medicine as applied science. This postulate draws on a functional definition of modernity as involving the differentiation of the value spheres of science, art, and religion. The validity criteria for each of the value spheres are discussed...
July 2016: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
Jack Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
David P Celani
Fairbairn's unique structural theory with its three pairs of selves and objects has proven to be a highly usable and practical model of the human psyche, yet it has remained a minor player in the world of psychoanalysis. There are a number of factors that account for its lack of popularity, foremost among them the timing of the model's introduction to the analytic community. Fairbairn's four successive papers that described his metapsychology (1940, 1941, 1943, and 1944) were published just after Freud's death, when his theory was the dominant model of psychoanalysis...
June 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
Catalina Bronstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Rosine Jozef Perelberg
Freud's work establishes a link between an excessive amount of excitation, the infant's experience of helplessness, and trauma. The idea of excess emphasises a quantitative element, not reducible to the field of representation. In this paper I explore the notions of excess and closure in relation to two clinical examples. A patient who lived through experiences of excess and flooding is contrasted with another patient whose experience of excess is expressed through withdrawal. The complex process of elaboration and working through in their analyses takes place by bringing together affect, representation, sensorial and somatic experiences, dreams, associations and enactments as they are gathered and given meaning après coup through analytic work...
December 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Catherine Hickey
Davanloo's Intensive Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (IS-TDP) is a unique brief dynamic psychotherapy characterized by relentless therapist intervention. While Davanloo has published extensively on his findings, there has been a paucity of publications on his most recent work involving the Montreal Closed Circuit Training Program. The purpose of this article is to highlight Davanloo's current understanding of his technique as well as his newest research findings. This will be done contextually, by highlighting case vignettes from the Montreal Closed Circuit Training Program...
December 2015: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Cordelia Schmidt-Hellerau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Claude Janin
Drawing on a number of clinical vignettes, the author seeks to highlight the relations between shame, hatred and pornography in contemporary clinical practice, and to explore certain metapsychological avenues that can help us understand how these relations are established.
December 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Emily Kuriloff
Both Dr. Kuriloff's initial contribution to the Roundtable, and her later response to her fellow discussants focus on the social construction of psychoanalytic theories of therapeutic action. She notes the promise of the enlightenment/ modern era as impetus for an initially positivist "science" of psychoanalysis, and then implicates the scourge of the Shoah as that which galvanized the largely Jewish seminal community to cling to universal, versus contextual theories and technique. That the deconstruction of truth and authority, beginning with the post-war "baby boom" and student movements in the United States and Europe, put an end to one metapsychology is yet another example of the power of context upon ideas and praxis...
June 2015: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
Mag Guillermo Julio Montero
This article offers an entirely new way of addressing middle age or mid-life. It uses the neologism maturescence to denote this process's metapsychological feature, and it proposes a meta-psychology of maturescence in order to allow a 'direct understanding of maturescence' instead of the 'indirect understanding of maturescence', which psychoanalytic literature generally alludes to. The paper examines somatic processes specific to male and female climacterics and is focused on to the tension between the soma and the body...
December 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Laurence Barrer, Guy Gimenez
Dismantling is a complex psychic phenomenon, which is not easy to define, and little interest has been shown in the subject. The authors of this paper want to demonstrate that dismantling is the main defense mechanism in autism, bringing about de-consensus of senses. The effects perceived in a child with autistic disorder are passivity and lack of thought. The authors' purpose here is to define the dismantled state and reveal its underlying process. This paper will therefore describe for the first time in literature, the dismantling phenomenon and will submit a metapsychological approach of this defense mechanism...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Jacques Press
The author starts by treating the general epistemological problems inherent to research and emphasizes that all investigation takes place between two poles: a creative pole and one that is defensive in relation to the unknown and formlessness. In the psychosomatic field, an additional difficulty resides in the western dualistic vision of the relationship between psyche and soma which influences our way of thinking about the body as well as about otherness. The author continues by exploring Pierre Marty's psychosomatic model...
February 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Leopoldo Fulgencio
Girard has recently shown how Winnicott supplies metapsychology with factual foundations. In this article, starting from an analysis of Winnicott's assertion that metapsychological terms give the appearance of understanding whereas such understanding does not exist, the author upholds, on the one hand, the idea that metapsychological theorization corresponds to a speculative superstructure of psychoanalysis which is simply a set of auxiliary theoretical constructions aimed at describing the phenomena and their relations; and, on the other, that in psychoanalysis there is the proposition of a factual theorization comprised of concepts that are not proposed as being of a speculative nature, a theorization that claims to offer a succinct description of the phenomena and their relations...
October 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Barnaby B Barratt
If progress is to be made in resolving the debate over the relevance of neuroscientific findings to psychoanalysis, a clearer distinction must be established between a narrow definition of psychoanalysis as "praxis" (the science of lived experience and its conflicts or contradictions) and a definition that focuses on metapsychology as objectivistic theory-building. The investigations of Jaak Panksepp on the "neuro-archaeology" of affective systems are reviewed as an example of how findings in neuroscience cannot be legitimately extrapolated to offer conclusions about the domain of lived experience...
April 2015: Psychoanalytic Review
Juan Francisco Artaloytia
The author states that psychoanalysis has much to contribute to schizophrenia. Beginning with a development of Freudian metapsychology, he addresses the in-depth psychopathological study of a session (the first on the couch) with a schizophrenic patient who hears voices and feels that he is being watched. Since the symptoms appear at the level of the heard word and the visual image - key to Freudian metapsychology - he delineates a circuit for the word and one for the image, describing a blockage in both and the consequences of these...
April 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Richard D Chessick
This article discusses the current state of psychoanalysis and the challenges to the fundamental premises of Freud's psychoanalysis by those who have shifted to relationship or so-called two-person psychologies in our field. The author begins by briefly describing a parallel to the recent history of psychoanalysis in the sudden rise and fall of scholastic philosophy in the 14th century. He then focuses on contemporary attacks on Freud's psychoanalysis as a science, based on the contention by two-person psychologists that free association by the patient and evenly hovering attention by the analyst are actually impossible...
December 2014: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Laurence Kahn
The theoretical tension raised by the concept of infantile neurosis is featured all through the Freudian corpus - caught at the crossroads between the psychic facts of the child's development (infantile history and clinical study of pathologies) and the universal structure of unconscious complexes, including the Oedipus complex (the model of intrapsychic conflicts and of the process of "civilisation" undergone by the child). Inscribed in diachronic "temporality" like every individual lived experience and its vicissitudes, or "extemporal" like every organising schema and the structuring of repressions that it elicits, infantile neurosis leads us to examine the metapsychological status of defence mechanisms...
June 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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