keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

arteriosclerosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636510/the-balance-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-reducing-residual-risks-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#1
Yuji Nishizaki, Kazunori Shimada, Hiroyuki Daida
Residual risk, which cannot be prevented by statins alone, must be controlled for inhibiting the onset of coronary events. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play an important role in controlling residual risk. The Japan eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) Lipid Intervention Study demonstrated the inhibitory effect of high-purity EPA preparations on the residual risk of cardiovascular events. Omega-3 PUFAs inhibit coronary artery disease (CAD) through various actions, including triglyceride-lowering action...
March 21, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629625/what-exactly-regression-of-atherosclerosis-or-foreign-body-reaction-with-hyaline-arteriosclerosis-drives-transient-scaffolding-of-coronary-arteries-a-pooled-analysis-of-observational-absorb-studies-with-a-serial-multimodality-imaging-substudy-of-absorb-cohort
#2
Alexander N Kharlamov, John A Feinstein, John A Cramer, John A Boothroyd
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the trends of the artery remodeling after transient scaffolding. BACKGROUND: At least 2.62% reduction of the per cent atheroma volume (PAV) or plaque burden (PB) performed in ABSORB B trial at 60months. METHODS: The detailed multiple serial imaging evaluation was performed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in comparison with quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), multislice CT (MSCT) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) thru 24months in the ABSORB cohort B1 trial (n=45) with the pooled analysis in ABSORB A and B trials (n=131)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628381/monoclonal-immunoglobulin-associated-proliferative-glomerulonephritis-characterized-by-organized-deposits-of-striated-ultra-substructures-a-case-report
#3
Shigeo Hara, Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi, Tastufumi Oka, Makiko Kusabe, Masayuki Mizui, Kensuke Joh
We herein report the case of a 64-year-old male who presented with progressive glomerulonephritis notable for organized and striated ultra-substructures. The patient was diagnosed with hypertension and proteinuria 3 years prior to admission and subsequently developed nephrotic syndrome and impairment of renal function. Laboratory tests did not reveal any evidence of infections or autoimmune diseases. Monoclonal gammopathy was not detected in serum or urine, although a small population of abnormal plasma cell clones was detected by flow cytometry...
June 19, 2017: Ultrastructural Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619112/docosahexaenoic-acid-regulates-vascular-endothelial-cell-function-and-prevents-cardiovascular-disease
#4
REVIEW
Kazuo Yamagata
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is present in high concentrations in salmon, herring, and trout. Epidemiologic studies have shown that high dietary consumption of these and other oily fish is associated with reduced rates of myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, and other ischemic pathologies. Atherosclerosis is induced by inflammation and can lead to acute cardiovascular events and extensive plaque. DHA inhibits the development of inflammation in endothelial cells, alters the function and regulation of vascular biomarkers, and reduces cardiovascular risk...
June 15, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614683/single-nephron-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-healthy-adults
#5
Aleksandar Denic, Jerry Mathew, Lilach O Lerman, John C Lieske, Joseph J Larson, Mariam P Alexander, Emilio Poggio, Richard J Glassock, Andrew D Rule
BACKGROUND: The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) assesses the function of all nephrons, and the single-nephron GFR assesses the function of individual nephrons. How the single-nephron GFR relates to demographic and clinical characteristics and kidney-biopsy findings in humans is unknown. METHODS: We identified 1388 living kidney donors at the Mayo Clinic and the Cleveland Clinic who underwent a computed tomographic (CT) scan of the kidney with the use of contrast material and an iothalamate-based measurement of the GFR during donor evaluation and who underwent a kidney biopsy at donation...
June 15, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597149/the-renal-pathological-findings-in-japanese-hiv-infected-individuals-with-ckd-a-clinical-case-series-from-a-single-center
#6
Masaki Hara, Kumiko Momoki, Masamitsu Ubukata, Akihito Ohta, Akiko Tonooka, Minoru Ando
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney diseases (CKD) have emerged as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, the detailed study of renal pathological findings currently remains unclear in these Japanese patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken to investigate renal pathological findings between January 1996 and July 2016. Our study included 20 Japanese HIV-infected patients with CKD; 10 cases had undergone renal biopsies, and 10 cases had undergone autopsies, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596576/knee-subchondral-bone-perfusion-and-its-relationship-to-marrow-fat-and-trabeculation-on-multi-parametric-mri-and-micro-ct-in-experimental-ckd
#7
Chao-Ying Wang, Yu-Juei Hsu, Yi-Jen Peng, Herng-Sheng Lee, Yue-Cune Chang, Chih-Shan Chang, Shih-Wei Chiang, Yi-Chih Hsu, Ming-Huang Lin, Guo-Shu Huang
The pathogenesis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is multifactorial. In the progression of CKD arthropathy, arteriosclerosis may alter the knee subchondral bone marrow by altering blood flow through the bone vasculature. Herein, multi-parametric MRI assessment, including dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), MRI T2*, contrast enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA), and micro-CT were applied in a rodent nephrectomy model to: 1) investigate the blood perfusion of subchondral bone marrow and its relationship to fat water content and trabeculation pattern in CKD and 2) demonstrate the feasibility of using multi-parametric MRI parameters as imaging biomarkers to evaluate the disease's progression...
June 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577175/multi-level-deep-supervised-networks-for-retinal-vessel-segmentation
#8
Juan Mo, Lei Zhang
PURPOSE: Changes in the appearance of retinal blood vessels are an important indicator for various ophthalmologic and cardiovascular diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and choroidal neovascularization. Vessel segmentation from retinal images is very challenging because of low blood vessel contrast, intricate vessel topology, and the presence of pathologies such as microaneurysms and hemorrhages. To overcome these challenges, we propose a neural network-based method for vessel segmentation...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575888/renal-involvement-in-2-siblings-with-cockayne-syndrome
#9
Amel Ben Chehida, Narjess Ghali, Rim Ben Abdelaziz, Fatma Ben Moussa, Neji Tebib
Renal involvement in Cockayne syndrome is rare and its pathogenesis is yet unknown. We report herein 2 cases (siblings) with Cockayne syndrome type A confirmed by biochemical and molecular assays. The first case was a 13-year-old girl who presented with nephritic syndrome and a rapidly progressive kidney failure. Her younger sister, 7 years old, exhibited hypertension, hyperfiltration, and microalbuminuria. She had hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronemia without kidney failure or renal arterial stenosis. Renal biopsy, performed the older sister, revealed cystic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, tubulointerstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574936/coronary-microcirculatory-dysfunction-in-human-cardiomyopathies-a-pathologic-and-pathophysiologic-review
#10
Kristina Selthofer-Relatic, Martina Mihalj, Aleksandar Kibel, Ana Stupin, Marko Stupin, Ivana Jukic, Akos Koller, Ines Drenjancevic
Cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of diseases of the myocardium. The term cardiomyopathy involves a wide range of pathogenic mechanisms that affect the structural and functional states of cardiomyocytes, extravascular tissues, and coronary vasculature, including both epicardial coronary arteries and the microcirculation. In the developed phase, cardiomyopathies present with various clinical symptoms: dyspnea, chest pain, palpitations, swelling of the extremities, arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death...
July 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573145/cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-indices-of-diabetic-polyneuropathy-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Akihiko Ando, Michiaki Miyamoto, Kazuhiko Kotani, Kenta Okada, Shoichiro Nagasaka, Shun Ishibashi
The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is used to test vascular function and is an arterial stiffness marker and potential predictor of cardiovascular events. This study aimed to analyze the relation between objective indices of diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) and the CAVI. One hundred sixty-six patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were included in this study. We used nerve conduction studies (NCSs) and the coefficient of variation of the R-R interval to evaluate DPN. We estimated arteriosclerosis by the CAVI...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572818/serum-alanine-aminotransferase-levels-within-normal-range-have-different-associations-with-augmentation-index-and-other-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-nondrinkers-and-drinkers-a-chinese-community-based-analysis
#12
Shihui Fu, Chunling Liu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels within normal range were associated with augmentation index (AIx) and cardiometabolic risk factors in nondrinkers and drinkers in Chinese community-dwelling population. METHODS: There were 4165 participants with serum ALT levels within normal range. RESULTS: Alcohol drinking was observed in 1173 participants (28.2%). In multivariate analysis, serum ALT levels of nondrinkers were independently associated with age, sex, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c), and AIx, while serum ALT levels of drinkers were independently associated with age, sex, BMI, triglyceride, and LDL-c (p < 0...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569748/the-critical-role-of-senp1-mediated-gata2-desumoylation-in-promoting-endothelial-activation-in-graft-arteriosclerosis
#13
Cong Qiu, Yuewen Wang, Haige Zhao, Lingfeng Qin, Yanna Shi, Xiaolong Zhu, Lin Song, Xiaofei Zhou, Jian Chen, Hong Zhou, Haifeng Zhang, George Tellides, Wang Min, Luyang Yu
Data from clinical research and our previous study have suggested the potential involvement of SENP1, the major protease of post-translational SUMOylation, in cardiovascular disorders. Here, we investigate the role of SENP1-mediated SUMOylation in graft arteriosclerosis (GA), the major cause of allograft failure. We observe an endothelial-specific induction of SENP1 and GATA2 in clinical graft rejection specimens that show endothelial activation-mediated vascular remodelling. In mouse aorta transplantation GA models, endothelial-specific SENP1 knockout grafts demonstrate limited neointima formation with attenuated leukocyte recruitment, resulting from diminished induction of adhesion molecules in the graft endothelium due to increased GATA2 SUMOylation...
June 1, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559662/the-relationship-between-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#14
I-Mei Lin, Hsueh-Chen Lu, Chih-Sheng Chu, Chee-Siong Lee, Ye-Hsu Lu, Tsung-Hsien Lin
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is an index for arterial stiffness in coronary artery disease (CAD). Depression has been connected to increased adverse cardiac events and mortality among patients with CAD. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between arterial stiffness and depressive symptoms among patients with CAD. METHODS: Eighty-six patients with CAD were recruited. Demographic characteristics and Beck Depressive Inventory II scores were obtained from the study participants, and resting baPWV was measured by using a noninvasive device...
May 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551635/enhanced-susceptibility-to-5-fluorouracil-in-human-colon-cancer-cells-by-silencing-of-grp78
#15
Seungpil Yun, Yong-Seok Han, Jun Hee Lee, Sangmin Kim, Sang Hun Lee
BACKGROUND: Glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), also known as immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein and as heat shock 70 kDa protein 5, is present in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. GRP78 is generally expressed at low concentrations, but is increased by physiological stress. GRP78 is thought to protect against tissue or organ damage under pathological conditions, such as neurotoxic stress, myocardial infarction, or arteriosclerosis. In addition, in tumors, GRP78 expression is much higher than in normal tissues...
June 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549449/fatal-familial-insomnia-with-abnormal-signals-on-routine-mri-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Tingting Lu, Yuhang Pan, Lisheng Peng, Feng Qin, Xiaobo Sun, Zhengqi Lu, Wei Qiu
BACKGROUND: Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by the PRNP D178N/129 M mutation. Routine brain CT and MRI usually reveal non-specific features. We report a patient with FFI presenting with diffuse abnormal signals on MRI, later confirmed as combined with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 58-year-old female, whose main clinical manifestations were insomnia, movement disorders, autonomic hyperactivity and mental deterioration...
May 26, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544855/descriptive-study-of-relationship-between-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-biomarkers-in-vascular-related-diseases
#17
Jinbo Liu, Huan Liu, Hongwei Zhao, Guangyun Shang, Yingyan Zhou, Lihong Li, Hongyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was supposed to be an independent predictor for vascular-related events. Biomarkers such as homocysteine (Hcy), N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and urine albumin(microalbumin) (UAE) have involved the pathophysiological development of arteriosclerosis. The present study was to investigate relationship between CAVI and biomarkers in vascular-related diseases. METHODS: A total of 656 subjects (M/F 272/384) from department of Vascular Medicine were enrolled into our study...
May 25, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537424/vascular-stem-progenitor-cell-migration-and-differentiation-in-atherosclerosis
#18
Baoqi Yu, Qishan Chen, Alexandra Le Bras, Li Zhang, Qingbo Xu
SIGNIFICANCE: Atherosclerosis is a major cause for the death of human beings, and takes place in large and middle-sized arteries. The pathogenesis of the disease has been widely investigated and new findings on vascular stem/progenitor cells could have impact on vascular regeneration. Recent Advances: Recent studies have shown that abundant stem/progenitor cells present in the vessel wall are mainly responsible for cell accumulation in the intima during vascular remodeling. It has been demonstrated that the mobilization and recruitment of tissue-resident stem/progenitor cells give rise to endothelial and smooth muscle cells, which participate in vascular repair and remodeling such as neointimal hyperplasia and arteriosclerosis...
May 24, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531826/how-many-familial-hypercholesterolemia-patients-are-eligible-for-pcsk9-inhibition
#19
Luis Masana, Nuria Plana, Sofia Pérez-Calahorra, Daiana Ibarretxe, Itziar Lamiquiz-Moneo, Juan Pedro-Botet, Manuel Suárez-Tembra, Pedro Valdivielso, Emilio Ortega, Fernando Civeira
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a high cardiovascular risk condition. Less than 20% of patients achieve the LDL targets. Although PCSK9 inhibitors improve control and reduce cardiovascular events, official recommendations for their use are restrictive. We aim to assess the number of FH patients suitable for PCSK9 inhibition according to the European guidelines. METHODS: A total of 2685 FH patients, with a minimum follow-up of 6 months, included in the Dyslipidemia Registry of the Spanish Arteriosclerosis Society, were sorted according to the intensity of their lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) and LDL cholesterol levels achieved...
July 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515939/vaccine-against-arteriosclerosis-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Kuang-Yuh Chyu, Paul C Dimayuga, Prediman K Shah
Substantial data from experimental and clinical investigation support the role of immune-mediated mechanisms in atherogenesis, with immune systems responding to many endogenous and exogenous antigens that play either proatherogenic or atheroprotective roles. An active immunization strategy against many of these antigens could potentially alter the natural history of atherosclerosis. This review mainly focuses on the important studies on the search for antigens that have been tested in vaccine formulations to reduce atherosclerosis in preclinical models...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines
keyword
keyword
19731
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"