keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Exercise for weight loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100475/effects-of-obesity-and-exercise-on-testicular-leptin-signal-transduction-and-testosterone-biosynthesis-in-male-mice
#1
Xuejie Yi, Haining Gao, Dequan Chen, Donghui Tang, Wanting Huang, Tao Li, Tie Ma, Bo Chang
To explore the role of the testicular leptin and JAK-STAT(LEP-JAK-STAT) pathway in testosterone biosynthesis during juvenile stages and exercise for weight loss, male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into normal-diet (ND) and high-fat diet (HFD) groups. After 10 weeks, mice in the HFD group were further divided randomly into obese control (OC), obese moderate-volume exercise (OME), and obese high-volume exercise (OHE) groups. Mice in the OME group were provided with 2 h/day, 6 days/week swimming exercise for 8 weeks and mice in the OHE group underwent twice the amount of daily exercise intervention as the OME group...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095581/long-term-adherence-and-effectiveness-of-a-multicomponent-intervention-for-community-dwelling-overweight-thai-older-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-1-year-follow-up
#2
Suparb Aree-Ue, Yuwadee Saraboon, Basia Belza
Being overweight is a major risk factor for developing knee osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine participant adherence to a quadriceps exercise and weight management program after completion of the intervention; and (b) examine whether a quadriceps exercise and weight management program can reduce knee pain and improve knee function and weight loss in 40 community-dwelling overweight Thai older adults with knee OA at 6- and 12-month follow up. Twenty-nine (76.3%) participants completed at least 75% of the program...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092464/expectations-for-treatment-in-pediatric-weight-management-and-relationship-to-attrition
#3
Erinn T Rhodes, Richard E Boles, Kimberly Chin, Amy Christison, Elizabeth Getzoff Testa, Kimberly Guion, Mary Jane Hawkins, Carter R Petty, Bethany Sallinen Gaffka, Melissa Santos, Laura Shaffer, Jared Tucker, Sarah E Hampl
BACKGROUND: Attrition in pediatric weight management negatively impacts treatment outcomes. A potentially modifiable contributor to attrition is unmet family expectations. This study aimed to evaluate the association between adolescent and parent/guardian treatment expectations and attrition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, nonrandomized, uncontrolled, single-arm pilot trial was conducted among 12 pediatric weight management programs in the Children's Hospital Association's FOCUS on a Fitter Future collaborative...
January 16, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090354/what-weight-loss-treatment-options-do-geriatric-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity-want-to-consider
#4
M MacMillan, K Cummins, K Fujioka
INTRODUCTION: Since the 1990s, a number of weight loss medications have been removed from the USA and or European market because of adverse events associated with these medications. These medications include fenfluramine (heart valve thickening), sibutramine (cardiovascular risk) and rimonabant (depression). This history may affect a patient's desire to consider weight loss medications as an option for weight management. OBJECTIVE: This descriptive study was designed to observe what treatment options the geriatric patient (age 65 or higher) seeking weight loss would like to consider, as well as the reasons they felt they struggled with overweight or obesity...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090146/rapid-weight-loss-in-the-context-of-ramadan-observance-recommendations-for-judokas
#5
REVIEW
A Aloui, H Chtourou, W Briki, M Tabben, A Chaouachi, N Souissi, R J Shephard, K Chamari
Judo is a weight-classified combat sport, and many athletes seek to compete at the lightest possible weight category to gain an advantage from competing against shorter/smaller, and supposedly weaker opponents. To achieve a desired weight, most judokas opt for rapid weight loss techniques. Short-duration maximal efforts are not greatly affected by "making weight", but prolonged and/or repeated exercise is significantly impaired. Negative effects on mood, ratings of perceived exertion, and cognitive function are also reported...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079705/prescribed-drinking-leads-to-better-cycling-performance-than-ad-libitum-drinking
#6
Costas N Bardis, Stavros A Kavouras, J D Adams, Nickos D Geladas, Demosthenis B Panagiotakos, Labros S Sidossis
: Drinking ad libitum during exercise often leads to dehydration ranging from -1 to -3% of body weight. PURPOSE: To study the effect of a prescribed hydration protocol matching fluid losses on a simulated 30-km criterium-like cycling performance in the heat (31.6±0.5 °C). METHOD: Ten elite, heat-acclimatized, male endurance cyclists (30±5 y, 76.5±7.2 kg, 1.81±0.07 m, VO2peak: 61.3±5.2 ml[BULLET OPERATOR]min[BULLET OPERATOR]kg, body fat: 10...
January 10, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079242/application-of-baros-questionnaire-in-obese-patients-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-with-2-years-of-evolution
#7
Caetano de Queiroz, José Afonso Sallet, Pedro Gabriel Melo DE Barros E Silva, Luzia da Gloria Pereira de Sousa Queiroz, Jélis Arenas Pimentel, Paulo Clemente Sallet
BACKGROUND: -In recent decades, the high prevalence of obesity in the general population has brought serious concerns in terms of public health. Contrarily to conventional treatment involving dieting and physical exercising, often ineffective in generating long term results, bariatric opera-tions have been an effective method for sustained weight loss in morbidly obese individuals. The Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) is an objective and recognized system in the overall evaluation of results after bariatric surgery...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074747/liraglutide-a-glucagon-like-peptide-1-agonist-for-chronic-weight-management
#8
Kendra R Manigault, Maria Miller Thurston
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of liraglutide 3.0 mg for weight loss. DATA SOURCE: A literature search was performed using PubMed and MEDLINE from 2000 to 2016. The following key terms were used alone or in combination: glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, liraglutide, obesity, overweight, and weight loss. Additional supporting literature was identified utilizing the reference lists of the preceding articles. STUDY SELECTION: Analyzed studies were published in English and investigated use of liraglutide and its impact on weight loss...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058460/-risk-assessment-of-synephrine-in-dietary-supplements
#9
Nadiya Bakhyia, Birgit Dusemund, Klaus Richter, Oliver Lindtner, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Synephrine is a sympathomimetic phenylethylamine derivative that occurs naturally in citrus fruits. It is often added to dietary supplements intended for weight loss and enhancement of sports performance, typically in the form of Citrus aurantium extracts and in many cases in combination with caffeine. The health risks of synephrine were evaluated on the basis of the available toxicological data and in accordance to the EFSA guidance on the safety assessment of botanicals and botanical preparations intended for use in food supplements...
January 5, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054255/evaluation-of-resistance-training-to-improve-muscular-strength-and-body-composition-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-and-adjuvant-therapy-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Camila S Padilha, Poliana Camila Marinello, Daniel A Galvão, Robert U Newton, Fernando H Borges, Fernando Frajacomo, Rafael Deminice
PURPOSE: Muscle atrophy and strength decline are two of the most prominent characteristics in cancer patients undergoing cancer therapy, leading to decreased functional ability and reduced quality of life. Therefore, the aim is to systematically review research evidence of the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on lower-limb muscular strength, lean body mass (LBM), and body fat (BF) in cancer patients undertaking neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy. METHODS: This research was conducted using the following online database: Clinical Trial Register, Cochrane Trial Register, PubMed, SPORT Discus, and SciELO, from September 2014 until May 2015...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050708/perceptions-of-weight-management-counseling-among-gynecologic-cancer-survivors-opportunities-for-enhancing-survivorship-care
#11
Alexandra K Zaleta, Robert Neff, Georgia A McCann, David M O'Malley, Kristen M Carpenter
PURPOSE: Oncology practice guidelines recommend incorporating weight management efforts throughout survivorship care; however, some oncologists raise concerns about implementing weight management counseling without damaging patient-provider relationships. This study explores cancer survivors' receptivity to weight management counseling and examines whether views of counseling effectiveness are associated with individual characteristics including health-related perceptions or psychological distress...
January 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050706/identifying-disordered-eating-behaviours-in-adolescents-how-do-parent-and-adolescent-reports-differ-by-sex-and-age
#12
Savani Bartholdy, Karina Allen, John Hodsoll, Owen G O'Daly, Iain C Campbell, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Erin Burke Quinlan, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Eric Artiges, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Eva Mennigen, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Ulrike Schmidt
This study investigated the prevalence of disordered eating cognitions and behaviours across mid-adolescence in a large European sample, and explored the extent to which prevalence ratings were affected by informant (parent/adolescent), or the sex or age of the adolescent. The Development and Well-Being Assessment was completed by parent-adolescent dyads at age 14 (n = 2225) and again at age 16 (n = 1607) to explore the prevalence of 7 eating disorder symptoms (binge eating, purging, fear of weight gain, distress over shape/weight, avoidance of fattening foods, food restriction, and exercise for weight loss)...
January 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044449/efficacy-of-a-randomized-trial-examining-commercial-weight-loss-programs-and-exercise-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-overweight-and-obese-women
#13
Claire Baetge, Conrad P Earnest, Brittanie Lockard, Adriana M Coletta, Elfego Galvan, Christopher Rasmussen, Kyle Levers, Sunday Y Simbo, Y Peter Jung, Majid Koozehchian, Jonathan Oliver, Ryan Dalton, Brittany Sanchez, Michael J Byrd, Deepesh Khanna, Andrew Jagim, Julie Kresta, Mike Greenwood, Richard B Kreider
While commercial dietary weight-loss programs typically advise exercise, few provide actual programing. The goal of this study was to compare the Curves Complete 90-day Challenge (CC, n = 29), which incorporates exercising and diet, to programs advocating exercise (Weight Watchers Points Plus (WW, n = 29), Jenny Craig At Home (JC, n = 27), and Nutrisystem Advance Select (NS, n = 28)) or control (n = 20) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) and weight loss. We randomized 133 sedentary, overweight women (age, 47 ± 11 years; body mass, 86 ± 14 kg; body mass index, 35 ± 6 kg/m(2)) into respective treatment groups for 12 weeks...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035585/effect-of-exercise-on-ovulation-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Osnat Hakimi, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and has a particularly severe effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. Anovulation accounts for around 30% of female infertility, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are known to be important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multi-factorial and complex, and to date there are no clear recommendations concerning exercise regimes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of physical activity on ovulation and to discuss the possible mechanisms by which exercise acts to modulate ovulation in reproductive-age women...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029852/impact-of-a-mindfulness-based-weight-loss-intervention-on-sleep-quality-among-adults-with-obesity-data-from-the-shine-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Elizabeth Adler, Anand Dhruva, Patricia J Moran, Jennifer Daubenmier, Michael Acree, Elissa S Epel, Peter Bacchetti, Aric A Prather, Ashley Mason, Frederick M Hecht
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sleep disturbance is a common problem among adults with obesity. Mindfulness interventions have been shown to improve sleep quality in various populations but have not been investigated in adults with obesity. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a mindfulness-based weight-loss intervention with an active control on self-reported sleep quality among adults with obesity. METHOD: This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial and included 194 adults with a body mass index in the range 30-45 kg/m(2)...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029178/exercise-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Elena Rita Magro-Malosso, Gabriele Saccone, Daniele Di Mascio, Mariarosaria Di Tommaso, Vincenzo Berghella
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of overweight and obesity in pregnancy has risen significantly in the last decades. Overweight and obesity have been shown to increase the risk for some adverse obstetric outcome. Lifestyle interventions, such as diet, physical activity and behavior changes, may reduce these risks promoting weight loss and/or preventing excessive weight gain. The possible impact of exercise on the risk of preterm birth (PTB) in overweight or obese women is controversial. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of exercise on the risk of PTB in overweight or obese pregnant women...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028356/sirtuins-and-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
REVIEW
Fatiha Nassir, Jamal A Ibdah
Mammalian sirtuins are seven members belonging to the silent information regulator 2 family, a group of Class III histone/protein deacetylases. Sirtuins (SIRT 1-7) have different subcellular localization and function and they regulate cellular protein function through various posttranslational modifications. SIRT1 and 3, the most studied sirtuins, use the product of cellular metabolism nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide as a cofactor to post-translationally deacetylate cellular proteins and consequently link the metabolic status of the cell to protein function...
December 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026920/method-of-use-study-of-naltrexone-sustained-release-sr-bupropion-sr-on-body-weight-in-individuals-with-obesity
#18
Amy Halseth, Kevin Shan, Brandon Walsh, Kye Gilder, Ken Fujioka
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of 32 mg naltrexone sustained release (SR)/360 mg bupropion SR (NB) on body weight in adults with obesity, with comprehensive lifestyle intervention (CLI), for 78 weeks. METHODS: In this phase 3b, randomized, open-label, controlled study, subjects received NB + CLI or usual care (standard diet/exercise advice) for 26 weeks. NB subjects not achieving 5% weight loss at week 16 were discontinued, as indicated by product labeling...
December 27, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024987/effects-of-high-intensity-training-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#19
Camilla M Mandrup, Jon Egelund, Michael Nyberg, Martina H Lundberg Slingsby, Caroline Andersen, Sofie Løgstrup, Jens Bangsbo, Charlotte Suetta, Bente Stallknecht, Ylva Hellsten
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and the causal factors have been proposed to be the loss of estrogen and the subsequent alterations of the hormonal milieu. However, which factors that contribute to the deterioration of cardio-metabolic health in postmenopausal women is debated as the menopausal transition is also associated with increased age and fat mass. Furthermore, indications of reduced cardio-metabolic adaptations to exercise in postmenopausal women add to the adverse health profile...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017953/-effects-of-exercise-and-sports-on-bone-health-in-pre-and-postmenopausal-women
#20
Naohisa Miyakoshi
Exercise and sports are an important means of improving bone health in pre- and postmenopausal women. Generally accepted strategies to improve bone health in this population aim to minimize age-related bone loss. In terms of physical activity, those forms that feature high-impact or weight-bearing activity appear to exert positive influences on bone health. Results of recent meta-analyses have shown that high-impact exercise significantly improves bone mineral density(BMD)in pre- and postmenopausal women. Studies have also shown that walking as an exercise therapy for more than 6 months exerts significant and positive effects on femoral neck BMD in peri- and postmenopausal women...
2017: Clinical Calcium
keyword
keyword
19721
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"