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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387902/lnc-ing-non-coding-rnas-with-metabolism-and-diabetes-roles-of-lncrnas
#1
REVIEW
Neha Goyal, Devesh Kesharwani, Malabika Datta
Type 2 diabetes is a complex metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell dysfunction. Deregulated glucose and lipid metabolism are the primary underlying manifestations associated with this disease and its complications. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a novel class of functional RNAs that regulate a variety of biological processes by a diverse interplay of mechanisms including recruitment of epigenetic modifiers, transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation, control of mRNA decay, and sequestration of transcription factors...
January 31, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383128/genome-wide-identification-of-long-non-coding-rna-and-mrna-profiling-using-rna-sequencing-in-subjects-with-sensitive-skin
#2
Li Yang, Lechun Lyu, Wenjuan Wu, Dongyun Lei, Ying Tu, Dan Xu, Jiaqi Feng, Li He
Sensitive skin (SS) is a condition of subjective cutaneous hyper-reactivity. The role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in subjects with SS is unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to provide a comprehensive profile of the mRNAs and lncRNAs in subjects with SS. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis presented the characteristics of associated protein-coding genes. In addition, a co-expression network of lncRNA and mRNA was constructed to identify potential underlying regulation targets; the results were verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and RNA-seq analyses in patients with SS and normal samples...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370759/identification-of-gossypium-hirsutum-long-non-coding-rnas-lncrnas-under-salt-stress
#3
Fenni Deng, Xiaopei Zhang, Wei Wang, Rui Yuan, Fafu Shen
BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent a class of riboregulators that either directly act in long form or are processed into shorter microRNAs (miRNAs) and small interfering RNAs. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are arbitrarily defined as RNA genes larger than 200 nt in length that have no apparent coding potential. lncRNAs have emerged as playing important roles in various biological regulatory processes and are expressed in a more tissue-specific manner than mRNA. Emerging evidence shows that lncRNAs participate in stress-responsive regulation...
January 25, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319165/long-noncoding-rna-neat1-regulate-papillary-thyroid-cancer-progression-by-modulating-mir-129-5p-klk7-expression
#4
Hong Zhang, Yuechang Cai, Li Zheng, Zhanlei Zhang, Xiaofeng Lin, Ningyi Jiang
PURPOSE: Considering the dilemma in papillary thyroid cancer treatment, this study intended to find solution in molecular respect. By probing into lncRNA-NEAT1/miR-129-5p/ KLK7 interaction, this study would provide new targets for future treatment. METHODS: Microarray analysis and R language package were applied to select possible lncRNA and miRNA. Luciferase reporter assay and RNA pull-down test were employed in the detection of target relationship between lncRNA and miRNA...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236315/lnc-rna-snhg20-participated-in-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-of-breast-cancer-cells-via-mir-495
#5
Yan-Xing Guan, Zhan-Min Zhang, Xue-Zhong Chen, Qing Zhang, Shao-Zheng Liu, Yong-Lu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of lnc SNHG20 in the regulation of proliferation, invasion and migration of breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: mRNA levels of SNHG20, miR-495 and HER2 were detected by qRT-PCR. Protein level of HER2 was measured by Western blot. Cell proliferation, invasion and migration were detected by CCK-8 assay, Boyden chamber assay and Transwell assay. The combination between SNHG20 and miR-495 was confirmed by RNA pull down assay...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228702/lncrna-and-mrna-profiling-during-activation-of-tilapia-macrophages-by-hsp70-and-streptococcus-agalactiae-antigen
#6
Honglin Luo, Huizan Yang, Yong Lin, Yongde Zhang, Chuanyan Pan, Pengfei Feng, Yanling Yu, Xiaohan Chen
Objectives: To investigate the lncRNA profiling during tilapia peritoneal macrophages (TPMs) activation and discuss the relationship between lncRNA and mRNA. Materials and Methods: RNA sequencing was used to investigate the lncRNA and mRNA profiles of TPMs activation following stimulation with Streptococcus agalactiae (Sa) antigen, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and HSP70+Sa. The expressions of lncRNA and mRNA were confirmed by qPCR. 356 lncRNA, 10173 mRNA and 1782 transcripts of uncertain coding potential (TUCP) were differentially expressed by pairwise comparison...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226685/size-effect-on-lipid-nanocapsules-mediated-glp-1-secretion-from-enteroendocrine-l-cells
#7
Yining Xu, Dario Carradori, Mireille Alhouayek, Giulio G Muccioli, Patrice D Cani, Veronique Preat, Ana Beloqui
L cells are enteroendocrine cells located throughout the gastrointestinal tract that secrete physiologically important peptides. The most characterized peptides secreted by L cells are the peptide YY (PYY) and the glucagon-like peptide (GLP) -1 and -2. These peptides are released rapidly into the circulation after oral nutrient ingestion. Recently, lipid-based nanoparticles (NP) have been described as triggers for GLP-1 secretion by L cells. NP physicochemical properties play a key role in the NP-cell interaction, and drive NP cell internalization...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216366/lncrna-lnc-ri-regulates-homologous-recombination-repair-of-dna-double-strand-breaks-by-stabilizing-rad51-mrna-as-a-competitive-endogenous-rna
#8
Liping Shen, Qi Wang, Ruixue Liu, Zhongmin Chen, Xueqing Zhang, Pingkun Zhou, Zhidong Wang
DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair is critical for the maintenance of genome stability. The current models of the mechanism of DSB repair are based on studies of DNA repair proteins. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as new regulatory molecules, with diverse functions in biological processes. In the present study, we found that expression of the ionizing radiation-inducible lncRNA, lnc-RI, was correlate negatively with micronucleus frequencies in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Knockdown of lnc-RI significantly increased spontaneous DSBs levels, which was confirmed to be associated with the decreased efficiency of homologous recombination (HR) repair of DSBs...
December 4, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207090/long-intergenic-non%C3%A2-coding-rna%C3%A2-p21-mediates-cardiac-senescence-via-the-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-doxorubicin-induced-cardiotoxicity
#9
Zhongdong Xie, Wenzheng Xia, Meng Hou
Doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiotoxicity has been a well‑known phenomenon to clinicians and scientists for decades. It has been confirmed that Dox‑dependent cardiotoxicity is accompanied by cardiac cellular senescence. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying Dox cardiotoxicity remains to be fully elucidated. Long non‑coding (lnc) RNAs regulate gene transcription and the fate of post‑transcriptional mRNA, which affects a broad range of age‑associated physiological and pathological conditions, including cardiovascular disease and cellular senescence...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190961/long-noncoding-rna-ccat1-functions-as-a-cerna-to-antagonize-the-effect-of-mir-410-on-the-down-regulation-of-itpkb-in-human-hct-116-and-hct-8-cells
#10
Bo Li, Chong Shi, Jingming Zhao, Bai Li
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignancies, which has seriously affected people's health. Abnormal expression of long non-coding RNAs and microRNAs are closely related to the process of occurrence, development, invasion and metastasis of colorectal cancer. However, the effect of lnc CCAT1 on human HCT-116/HCT-8 cells and its potential mechanism were investigated. In present study, differential expression of CCAT1, miR-410 and ITPKB were detected in colon cancer tissues and adjacent parts. Then the prediction programs were applied to predict the target genes of miR-410...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106055/lnc-ntf3-5-promotes-osteogenic-differentiation-of-maxillary-sinus-membrane-stem-cells-via-sponging-mir-93-3p
#11
Wei Peng, Shuang-Xi Zhu, Jin Wang, Li-Li Chen, Jun-Quan Weng, Song-Ling Chen
BACKGROUND: The function and the mechanism of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) on the osteogenic differentiation of maxillary sinus membrane stem cells (MSMSCs) remain largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of lnc-NTF3-5 and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), Osterix (OSX), and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) was examined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in MSMSCs during the process osteogenic differentiation. Then the function of lnc-NTF3-5 was evaluated by loss- and gain-of-function techniques, as well as qRT-PCR, western blot, and Alizarin Red staining...
November 6, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072702/a-novel-lnc-pcf-promotes-the-proliferation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1-activated-epithelial-cells-by-targeting-mir-344a-5p-to-regulate-map3k11-in-pulmonary-fibrosis
#12
Huizhu Liu, Bingsi Wang, Jinjin Zhang, Songzi Zhang, Youlei Wang, Jie Zhang, Changjun Lv, Xiaodong Song
Emerging evidence suggests that microRNA (miRNA) and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) play important roles in disease development. However, the mechanism underlying mRNA interaction with miRNA and lncRNA in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remains unknown. This study presents a novel lnc-PCF that promotes the proliferation of TGF-β1-activated epithelial cells through the regulation of map3k11 by directly targeting miR-344a-5p during pulmonary fibrogenesis. Bioinformatics and in vitro translation assay were performed to confirm whether or not lnc-PCF is an actual lncRNA...
October 26, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020916/integrated-analysis-of-coding-genes-and-non-coding-rnas-during-hair-follicle-cycle-of-cashmere-goat-capra-hircus
#13
Shanhe Wang, Wei Ge, Zhixin Luo, Yang Guo, Beilei Jiao, Lei Qu, Zhiying Zhang, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: Cashmere growth is a seasonal and cyclic phenomenon under the control of photoperiod and multiple stimulatory and inhibitory signals. Beyond relevant coding genes, microRNA (miRNA) and long non coding RNA (lncRNA) play an indispensable role in hair follicle (HF) development and skin homeostasis. Furthermore, the influence of lncRNA upon miRNA function is also rapidly emerging. However, little is known about miRNAs, lncRNAs and their functions as well as their interactions on cashmere development and cycling...
October 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946875/overexpression-of-lncrna-igfbp4-1-reprograms-energy-metabolism-to-promote-lung-cancer-progression
#14
Binyao Yang, Lisha Zhang, Yi Cao, Shuai Chen, Jun Cao, Di Wu, Jiansong Chen, Huali Xiong, Zihua Pan, Fuman Qiu, Jinbin Chen, Xiaoxuan Ling, Maosheng Yan, Suli Huang, Shiyu Zhou, Tiegang Li, Lei Yang, Yunchao Huang, Jiachun Lu
BACKGROUND: Reprogrammed energy metabolism as an emerging hallmark of cancer has recently drawn special attention since it facilitate cell growth and proliferation. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been served as key regulators implicated in tumor development and progression by promoting proliferation, invasion and metastasis. However, the associations of lncRNAs with cellular energy metabolism in lung cancer (LC) need to be clarified. METHODS: Here, we conducted bioinformatics analysis and found insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4-1 (IGFBP4-1) as a new candidate lncRNA located in the upstream region of IGFBP4 gene...
September 25, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901439/long-noncoding-rna%C3%A2-p21-modulates-cellular-senescence-via-the-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#15
Wenzheng Xia, Lei Zhuang, Xia Deng, Meng Hou
Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)‑based therapies have demonstrated efficacy in animal models of cardiovascular diseases. However, MSCs decrease in quantity and quality with age, which reduces their capacity for damage repair. Long noncoding (lnc) RNAs regulate gene transcription and the fate of post‑transcriptional mRNA, affecting a broad range of age‑associated physiological and pathological conditions, including cardiovascular disease and cancer cell senescence. However, the functional role of lncRNAs in stem cell senescence remains largely unknown...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588232/identification-of-myod-responsive-transcripts-reveals-a-novel-long-non-coding-rna-lncrna-ak143003-that-negatively-regulates-myoblast-differentiation
#16
Yiwen Guo, Jingnan Wang, Mingfei Zhu, Rui Zeng, Zaiyan Xu, Guoliang Li, Bo Zuo
Myogenic differentiation factor (MyoD) is a master transcription factor in muscle development and differentiation. Although several long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) linked to MyoD have been found to influence muscle development, the functions of many lncRNAs have not been explored. Here we utilized lncRNA and mRNA microarray analysis to identify potential lncRNAs regulated by MyoD in muscle cells. A total of 997 differentially expressed lncRNAs (335 up-regulated and 662 down-regulated) and 1,817 differentially expressed mRNAs (148 up-regulated and 1,669 down-regulated) were identified after MyoD knockdown in C2C12 cells...
June 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587571/expression-profiling-of-lncrnas-mirnas-and-mrnas-and-their-differential-expression-in-leiomyoma-using-next-generation-rna-sequencing
#17
Tsai-Der Chuang, Omid Khorram
The objective of this study was to identify the expression profile of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) with concurrent assessment of microRNA (miRNA) and messenger RNA (mRNA) profiles in leiomyomas and paired myometrium using next-generation RNA sequencing and assembly of RNA transcripts. Total RNA was isolated from leiomyoma and paired myometrium (N = 8) and samples from 3 pairs were subjected to RNA sequencing. Normalized assembly of over 48 000 lncRNAs resulted in identification of 45 936 lncRNAs. Of these lncRNAs, 22 148 representing overlapping, intergenic, intronic, and antisense subtypes were expressed in all paired tissues, with 5941 (2813 up- and 3128 downregulated at ≥1...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528185/simvastatin-ameliorate-memory-deficits-and-inflammation-in-clinical-and-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease-via-modulating-the-expression-of-mir-106b
#18
Wenzhong Huang, Zhenyu Li, Liandong Zhao, Wei Zhao
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a neurodegenerative brain disorder is a devastating pathology leading to disastrous cognitive impairments and dementia, and several studies have shown that AD is closely related to the inflammation, so anti-inflammatory treatment may provide therapeutic benefits. In this study, the effect of simvastatin on inflammation was investigated and the underlying mechanisms were explored. METHODS: First, we tested the effect of simvastatin on AD in clinical research...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447190/regulation-of-neat1-mir-214-3p-on-the-growth-migration-and-invasion-of-endometrial-carcinoma-cells
#19
Jian Wang, Xiangzhai Zhao, Zhaojun Guo, Xiaolin Ma, Yueqing Song, Ying Guo
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the function and mechanism of lnc NEAT1 in regulating the growth, migration and invasion of endometrial carcinoma (EC) cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NEAT1 and miR-214-3p levels were measured by qRT-PCR. The protein levels of HMGA1, β-catenin, c-myc and MMP9 were evaluated by Western blot. The effects of NEAT1, HMGA1, miR-214-3p on the viability, migration and invasion of HEC-1A cells were accessed by WST-1 assay and transwell migration/invasion assay...
June 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420760/novel-lnc-rna-regulated-by-hif-1-inhibits-apoptotic-cell-death-in-the-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells-under-hypoxia
#20
Imari Mimura, Yosuke Hirakawa, Yasuharu Kanki, Natsuki Kushida, Ryo Nakaki, Yutaka Suzuki, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Aburatani, Masaomi Nangaku
Chronic tubulointerstitial hypoxia plays an important role as the final common pathway to end-stage renal disease. HIF-1 (hypoxia-inducible factor-1) is a master transcriptional factor under hypoxia, regulating downstream target genes. Genome-wide analysis of HIF-1 binding sites using high-throughput sequencers has clarified various kinds of downstream targets and made it possible to demonstrate the novel roles of HIF-1. Our aim of this study is to identify novel HIF-1 downstream epigenetic targets which may play important roles in the kidney...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
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