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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222780/advanced-biosensors-for-detection-of-pathogens-related-to-livestock-and-poultry
#1
REVIEW
Jasmina Vidic, Marisa Manzano, Chung-Ming Chang, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault
Infectious animal diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria and viruses threaten the health and well-being of wildlife, livestock, and human populations, limit productivity and increase significantly economic losses to each sector. The pathogen detection is an important step for the diagnostics, successful treatment of animal infection diseases and control management in farms and field conditions. Current techniques employed to diagnose pathogens in livestock and poultry include classical plate-based methods and conventional biochemical methods as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA)...
February 21, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214180/a-successful-experience-of-the-iranian-blood-transfusion-organization-in-improving-accessibility-and-affordability-of-plasma-derived-medicine
#2
REVIEW
Azita Chegini, Seyed Ardeshir Torab, Ali Akbar Pourfatollah
Plasma is the liquid part of blood. It is estimated 21.6 million liters of plasma collect from Whole blood annually. From these plasma, 4.2 million liters transfuse, 8.1 million liters fractionate, 9.3 million liters waste. Nowadays, blood products and PDM (plasma derived medicine) consider as essential medicine in modern health care and transfusion medicine. Iranian blood transfusion organization as a non-profit organization was established in 1974 in order to centralize all blood transfusion activities from donor recruitment to distribution of blood components to hospitals...
January 4, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209173/moving-from-legality-to-reality-how-medical-abortion-methods-were-introduced-with-implementation-science-in-zambia
#3
Tamara Fetters, Ghazaleh Samandari, Patrick Djemo, Bellington Vwallika, Stephen Mupeta
BACKGROUND: Although abortion is technically legal in Zambia, the reality is far more complicated. This study describes the process and results of galvanizing access to medical abortion where abortion has been legal for many years, but provision severely limited. It highlights the challenges and successes of scaling up abortion care using implementation science to document 2 years of implementation. METHODS: An intervention between the Ministry of Health, University Teaching Hospital and the international organization Ipas, was established to introduce medical abortion and to address the lack of understanding and implementation of the country's abortion law...
February 16, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196518/a-comparison-of-how-behavioral-health-organizations-utilize-training-to-prepare-for-health-care-reform
#4
Victoria Stanhope, Mimi Choy-Brown, Stacey Barrenger, Jennifer Manuel, Micaela Mercado, Mary McKay, Steven C Marcus
BACKGROUND: Under the Affordable Care Act, States have obtained Medicaid waivers to overhaul their behavioral health service systems to improve quality and reduce costs. Critical to implementation of broad service delivery reforms has been the preparation of organizations responsible for service delivery. This study focused on one large-scale initiative to overhaul its service system with the goal of improving service quality and reducing costs. The study examined the participation of behavioral health organizations in technical assistance efforts and the extent to which organizational factors related to their participation...
February 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183417/simulation-mastery-learning-and-healthcare
#5
William Dunn, Yue Dong, Benjamin Zendejas, Raaj Ruparel, David Farley
Healthcare organizations, becoming increasingly complex, need to use simulation techniques as a tool to provide consistently safe care. Mastery learning techniques minimize variation in learner outcome, thus improving the consistency and cost-effectiveness of care. Today׳s organizations (and their teams of decision makers) exist within varying states of transformation. These transformational times afford opportunities to use mastery learning concepts at an organizational level and to affect necessary change(s)...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182472/integrating-health-care-for-high-need-medicaid-beneficiaries-with-serious-mental-illness-and-chronic-physical-health-conditions-at-managed-care-provider-and-consumer-levels
#6
Jung Y Kim, Tricia Collins Higgins, Dominick Esposito, Allison Hamblin
OBJECTIVE: Policies supporting value-based care and alternative payment models, notably in the Affordable Care Act and the Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, offer hope to advance care integration for individuals with behavioral and chronic physical health conditions. The potential for integration to improve quality while managing costs for individuals with high needs, coupled with the remaining financial, operational, and policy challenges, underscores a need for continued discussion of integration programs' preliminary outcomes and lessons...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176419/quality-assessment-of-palliative-home-care-in-italy
#7
Gianlorenzo Scaccabarozzi, Pietro Giorgio Lovaglio, Fabrizio Limonta, Maddalena Floriani, Giacomo Pellegrini
RATIONALE: The complexity of end-of-life care, represented by a large number of units caring for dying patients, of different types of organizations motivates the importance of measure the quality of provided care. Despite the law 38/2010 promulgated to remove the barriers and provide affordable access to palliative care, measurement, and monitoring of processes of home care providers in Italy has not been attempted. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Using data drawn by an institutional voluntary observatory established in Italy in 2013, collecting home palliative care units caring for people between January and December 2013, we assess the degree to which Italian home palliative care teams endorse a set of standards required by the 38/2010 law and best practices as emerged from the literature...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176158/health-insurance-challenges-in-the-post-affordable-care-act-aca-era-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perspective-of-low-income-people-of-color-in-metropolitan-detroit
#8
Minal R Patel, Alison Jensen, Erminia Ramirez, Madiha Tariq, Ian Lang, Theresa Kowalski-Dobson, Joslyn Pettway, Michelle Famulare, Richard Lichtenstein
Low-income people of color are at risk of remaining uninsured due to a variety of factors. This study examined Affordable Care Act (ACA)-related and other health insurance enrollment experiences, observations, navigation needs, and experiences maintaining health insurance coverage among low-income communities of color in an economically disadvantaged community (Metropolitan Detroit). We conducted nine focus groups (n = 87) between May and June 2015. Participants were recruited through community-based organizations serving our key populations of interest...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167725/little-evidence-exists-to-support-the-expectation-that-providers-would-consolidate-to-enter-new-payment-models
#9
Hannah T Neprash, Michael E Chernew, J Michael McWilliams
Provider consolidation has been associated with higher health care prices and spending. The prevailing wisdom is that payment reform will accelerate consolidation, especially between physicians and hospitals and among physician groups, as providers position themselves to bear financial risk for the full continuum of patient care. Drawing on data from a number of sources from 2008 onward, we examined the relationship between Medicare's accountable care organization (ACO) programs and provider consolidation. We found that consolidation was under way in the period 2008-10, before the Affordable Care Act (ACA) established the ACO programs...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152733/trends-in-cancer-care-with-the-affordable-care-act
#10
Robert Clell Miller
: 46 Background: Accountable Care Organizations (ACO), as proposed by the Affordable Care Act, will change the delivery of health care in the United States. ACO serve as a network of providers with primary care providers (PCP) set up as gate-keepers for referrals to specialists. Within the next several years, many trends will emerge and drive progress of change, requiring oncologist to take a lead role to adapt to the evolving landscape of health care. METHODS: Literature search of internet-based and academic sources for oncology and the Affordable Care, with a focus on ACO formation...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143914/pediatric-accountable-care-organizations-insight-from-early-adopters
#11
James M Perrin, Edward Zimmerman, Andrew Hertz, Timothy Johnson, Tom Merrill, David Smith
Partly in response to incentives in the Affordable Care Act, there has been major growth in accountable care organizations (ACO) in both the private and public sectors. For several reasons, growth of ACOs in pediatric care has been more modest than for older populations. The American Academy of Pediatrics collaborated with Leavitt Partners, LLC, to carry out a study of pediatric ACOs, including a series of 5 case studies of diverse pediatric models, a scan of Medicaid ACOs, and a summit of leaders in pediatric ACO development...
January 31, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141671/community-health-workers-addressing-client-objectives-among-frequent-emergency-department-users
#12
Bethany M Kwan, Amy Rockwood, Brian Bandle, Douglas Fernald, Mika K Hamer, Roberta Capp
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) program designed to address client objectives among frequent emergency department (ED) users. DESIGN: Program evaluation using secondary analysis of client objectives from program records. Client objectives were characterized according to the World Health Organization's social determinants of health framework. Hierarchical generalized linear modeling was used to assess factors associated with objective achievement...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135858/perception-interpretation-and-impact-of-health-risk-appraisal-feedback
#13
Kathryn Berlin, Vicki Simpson, Gerry Hyner
One mandate of the Affordable Care Act is continued support of workplace wellness programs. A tool used to encourage behavior change is a health risk appraisal (HRA). However, research indicates there is limited benefit to HRAs unless supported by additional health interventions. The purpose of these two pilot studies was to examine effects of the individual HRA personalized feedback, including the perceived value of the feedback and its influence on behavior change. Six months after completing and receiving HRA personalized feedback, participants in two separate Indiana organizations answered survey questions about the HRA value, motivational influence, and ability to prompt behavior change...
January 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134056/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-family-led-rehabilitation-after-stroke-in-india-attend-trial-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-new-model-of-stroke-rehabilitation-compared-to-usual-care
#14
Laurent Billot, Richard I Lindley, Lisa A Harvey, Pallab K Maulik, Maree L Hackett, Gudlavalleti Vs Murthy, Craig S Anderson, Bindiganavale R Shamanna, Stephen Jan, Marion Walker, Anne Forster, Peter Langhorne, Shweta J Verma, Cynthia Felix, Mohammed Alim, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Jeyaraj Durai Pandian
Background In low- and middle-income countries, few patients receive organized rehabilitation after stroke, yet the burden of chronic diseases such as stroke is increasing in these countries. Affordable models of effective rehabilitation could have a major impact. The ATTEND trial is evaluating a family-led caregiver delivered rehabilitation program after stroke. Objective To publish the detailed statistical analysis plan for the ATTEND trial prior to trial unblinding. Methods Based upon the published registration and protocol, the blinded steering committee and management team, led by the trial statistician, have developed a statistical analysis plan...
February 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132720/kidney-disease-population-health-management-in-the-era-of-accountable-care-a-conceptual-framework-for-optimizing-care-across-the-ckd-spectrum
#15
Mallika L Mendu, Sushrut S Waikar, Sandhya K Rao
Since its passage in 2010, the Affordable Care Act has led to the creation of numerous accountable care organizations that face the challenge of transforming the traditional care delivery model to provide more patient-centered, high-quality, and low-cost care. Complex patients, including those with chronic kidney disease (CKD), present the most challenges and opportunities. CKD is a condition with significant morbidity, mortality, and cost and thought to be partly secondary to known gaps in care delivery. Successful population management for CKD requires consideration of the needs of patients at all phases of the disease...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121568/balkanization-makes-it-unclear-just-what-the-doctor-ordered
#16
Richard Mark Kirkner
Physicians are a disparate lot. At last count, there were more than 300 member organizations of the American Association of Medical Societies. These organizations tread common ground on a host of issues in play in this upcoming election cycle. They also part ways on some important issues, including their stance on the Affordable Care Act.
September 2016: Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099071/an-observational-study-of-provider-perspectives-on-alternative-payment-models
#17
Drew Harris, Katherine Puskarz
Over the past decade, reimbursement in the US health care system has undergone rapid transformation. The Affordable Care Act and the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act are some of the many changes challenging traditional modes of practice and raising concerns about practitioners' ability to adapt. Recently, physician satisfaction was proposed as an addition to the Triple Aim in acknowledgment of how the physician's attitude can affect outcomes. To understand how physicians perceive alternative payment models (APMs) and how those perceptions may vary by their organizational role, non-leader physicians (N = 31), physician leaders (N = 67), and health system leaders (N = 49) were surveyed using a mixed-methods approach...
January 18, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088232/utilization-of-mobile-phones-for-accessing-menstrual-regulation-services-among-low-income-women-in-bangladesh-a-qualitative-analysis
#18
Chelsea Jordan Messinger, Ilias Mahmud, Sushama Kanan, Yamin Tauseef Jahangir, Malabika Sarker, Sabina Faiz Rashid
BACKGROUND: As many as one-third of all pregnancies in Bangladesh are unplanned, with nearly one-half of these pregnancies ending in either menstrual regulation (MR) or illegal clandestine abortion. Although MR is provided free of charge, or at a nominal cost, through the public sector and various non-profits organizations, many women face barriers in accessing safe, affordable MR and post-MR care. Mobile health (mHealth) services present a promising platform for increasing access to MR among low-income women at risk for clandestine abortion...
January 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068172/access-to-accredited-cancer-hospitals-within-federal-exchange-plans-under-the-affordable-care-act
#19
Kenneth L Kehl, Kai-Ping Liao, Trudy M Krause, Sharon H Giordano
Purpose The Affordable Care Act expanded access to health insurance in the United States, but concerns have arisen about access to specialized cancer care within narrow provider networks. To characterize the scope and potential impact of this problem, we assessed rates of inclusion of Commission on Cancer (CoC) -accredited hospitals and National Cancer Institute (NCI) -designated cancer centers within federal exchange networks. Methods We downloaded publicly available machine-readable network data and public use files for individual federal exchange plans from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for the 2016 enrollment year...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#20
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
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