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Maternal self-efficacy

Yi-Jing Tsai, Yu-Yun Hsu, Ting-Wei Hou, Chiung-Hsin Chang
INTRODUCTION: Women may experience significant stress during pregnancy, and antenatal care and education provide a means to address this. E-health, the use of computer and information technology for health care, has been incorporated into antenatal care and education, but e-health has not been evaluated for its usefulness in addressing stress. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a web-based antenatal care and education system on pregnancy-related stress, general self-efficacy, and satisfaction with antenatal care...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Danielle Gallegos, Ceridwen Cromack, Karen J Thorpe
Telephone support is a format that presents an opportunity to sustain breastfeeding at a time when mothers identify themselves as at risk of cessation. The interactive mechanisms by which support is provided have not, however, been well investigated. We aimed to identify characteristics of calls that support breastfeeding self-efficacy. Thematic analysis of 149 calls from mothers seeking help for breastfeeding made to a 24-hour parenting helpline over a four week period, in Brisbane, Australia. Call-takers were 12 qualified and experienced maternal and child health nurses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
Dazhi Fan, Qing Xia, Shuzhen Wu, Shaoxin Ye, Li Liu, Wen Wang, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery has already become a very common method of delivery around the world, especially in low-income countries. Hypertrophic scars and wound infections have affected younger mothers and frustrated obstetricians for a long time. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have strong potential for self-renewal and differentiation to multilineage cells. Previous studies have demonstrated that MSCs are involved in enhancing diabetic wound healing. Therefore, this study is designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of using MSCs in the treatment of Cesarean section skin scars...
March 2, 2018: Trials
Julia C Dettinger, Stephen Kamau, Kimberly Calkins, Susanna R Cohen, John Cranmer, Minnie Kibore, Onesmus Gachuno, Dilys Walker
As the proportion of facility-based births increases, so does the need to ensure that mothers and their newborns receive quality care. Developing facility-oriented obstetric and neonatal training programs grounded in principles of teamwork utilizing simulation-based training for emergency response is an important strategy for improving the quality care. This study uses 3 dimensions of the Kirkpatrick Model to measure the impact of PRONTO International (PRONTO) simulation-based training as part of the Linda Afya ya Mama na Mtoto (LAMMP, Protect the Health of mother and child) in Kenya...
February 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Amanda A Zongrone, Purnima Menon, Gretel H Pelto, Jean-Pierre Habicht, Kathleen M Rasmussen, Mark A Constas, Francoise Vermeylen, Adiba Khaled, Kuntal K Saha, Rebecca J Stoltzfus
Background: Although self-efficacy is a potential determinant of feeding and care behaviors, there is limited empirical analysis of the role of maternal self-efficacy in low- and middle-income countries. In the context of behavior change interventions (BCIs) addressing complementary feeding (CF), it is possible that maternal self-efficacy can mediate or enhance intervention impacts. Objective: In the context of a BCI in Bangladesh, we studied the role of maternal self-efficacy for CF (MSE-CF) for 2 CF behaviors with the use of a theoretically grounded empirical model of determinants to illustrate the potential roles of MSE-CF...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Lisa Armistead, Nada Goodrum, Marya Schulte, William Marelich, Rebecca LeCroix, Debra A Murphy
Nondisclosure of maternal HIV status to young children can negatively impact child functioning; however, many mothers do not disclose due to lack of self-efficacy for the disclosure process. This study examines demographic variations in disclosure self-efficacy, regardless of intention to disclose, and assesses the relationship between self-efficacy and child adjustment via the parent-child relationship among a sample of HIV+ mothers and their healthy children (N = 181 pairs). Mothers completed demographic and self-efficacy measures; children completed measures assessing the parent-child relationship and child adjustment (i...
February 9, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Christine Y K Lau, Kris Y W Lok, Marie Tarrant
Introduction Numerous studies have shown that the constructs of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy (BSE) Framework can effectively identify relationships between maternal psychosocial factors and breastfeeding initiation. However, the ability of these theories to predict breastfeeding duration has not been adequately analyzed. The aim of the review was to examine the utility of the constructs of TRA/TPB and BSE to predict breastfeeding duration...
February 9, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jia Guo, Jill Howie Esquivel, Catherine A Chesla
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has become a global health issue, yet little is known about the influence of maternal factors on children's weight-related health behaviors (dietary habits and physical activity), especially in China. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of maternal factors on children's eating behaviors and physical activity in Chinese preschool-age children. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was utilized to describe weight-related health behaviors among preschool-aged children and identify maternal factors that are associated with children's weight-related health behaviors in China...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Rohde Jeanett Friis, Bohman Benjamin, Berglind Daniel, M Hansson Lena, Frederiksen Peder, Mortensen Erik Lykke, Heitmann Berit Lilienthal, Rasmussen Finn
BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours...
February 2, 2018: Appetite
Honggu He, Lixia Zhu, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Yap-Seng Chong, Nana Jiao, Yiong Huak Chan, Nan Luo, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: In addition to recuperating from the physical and emotional demands of childbirth, first-time mothers are met with demands of adapting to their social roles while picking up new skills to take care of their newborn. Mothers may not feel adequately prepared for parenthood if they are situated in an unsupported environment. Postnatal psychoeducational interventions have been shown to be useful and can offer a cost-effective solution for improving maternal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Web-based and home-based postnatal psychoeducational programs for first-time mothers on maternal outcomes...
January 31, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Hudson P Santos, Jolanda J Kossakowski, Todd A Schwartz, Linda Beeber, Eiko I Fried
Maternal depression was recently conceptualized as a network of interacting symptoms. Prior studies have shown that low self-efficacy, as an index of maternal functioning, is one important source of stress that worsens depression. We have limited information, however, on the specific relationships between depression symptoms and self-efficacy. In this study, we used regularized partial correlation networks to explore the multivariate relationships between maternal depression symptoms and self-efficacy over time...
2018: PloS One
Siobhan A Loughnan, Jill M Newby, Hila Haskelberg, Alison Mahoney, Natalie Kladnitski, Jessica Smith, Emma Black, Christopher Holt, Jeannette Milgrom, Marie-Paule Austin, Gavin Andrews
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the acceptability and efficacy of two brief, Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy interventions-MUMentum Pregnancy (study 1) and MUMentum Postnatal (study 2)-in reducing maternal symptoms of anxiety, depression and overall psychological distress compared to usual care in the perinatal period. METHODS/DESIGN: Women who are pregnant (study 1) or < 12 months postpartum (study 2) with current clinically elevated symptoms of anxiety and/or depression according to validated self-report measures, will be recruited via the research arm of a not-for-profit clinical and research unit in Australia and randomised to the intervention group or treatment as usual control group...
January 22, 2018: Trials
Xujuan Zheng, Jane Morrell, Kim Watts
BACKGROUND: parenting during infancy is highly problematic for Chinese primiparous women. As an important determinant of good parenting, maternal self-efficacy (MSE) should be paid more attention by researchers. At present, the limitations of previous research about MSE during infancy are that the factors which influence MSE remained poorly explored, there were few studies with Chinese women, and the studies did not consider the effect of different cultures. OBJECTIVES: to explore factors which influence MSE in primiparous women in China in the first three months postnatally...
December 25, 2017: Midwifery
Shiri Sadeh-Sharvit, Katherine D Arnow, Lilya Osipov, James D Lock, Booil Jo, Sarah Pajarito, Harry Brandt, Elizabeth Dodge, Katherine A Halmi, Craig Johnson, Walter Kaye, Denise Wilfley, W Stewart Agras
OBJECTIVE: Family-based treatment (FBT) for adolescent anorexia nervosa (AN) promotes faster weight restoration when compared to other treatments. However, the mechanisms through which this occurs are not clarified. This study explored the trajectories of parental self-efficacy and perceived family flexibility during FBT and systemic family therapy (SyFT). We also explored whether parental self-efficacy mediates the effects of treatment on weight gain early in treatment. METHOD: 158 adolescents (12-18 years old; 89% girls) and their parents were randomized to FBT or SyFT...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Hossien Izadirad, Shamsoddin Niknami, Iraj Zareban, Alireza Hidarnia
Objective: Social support and perceived self-efficacy affect health-related behaviors and play an important role on mothers' adaptability with pregnancy. This paper aims to study the impact of educational interventions based on social support and perceived self-efficacy on maternal prenatal care. Materials and methods: The present study is a before after experimental study in which 90 first-time pregnant women were randomly selected and divided into two 45- participants experimental and control groups. Data were collected from 21 January to 20 May 2016...
June 2017: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
Natalie Brazeau, Samantha Reisz, Deborah Jacobvitz, Carol George
Maternal self-efficacy predicts sensitive and responsive caregiving. Low maternal self-efficacy is associated with a higher incidence of postpartum depression. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression can both be buffered by social support. Maternal self-efficacy and postpartum depression have both been linked independently, albeit in separate studies, to the experience of violent trauma, childhood maltreatment, and spousal abuse. This study proposed a model in which postpartum depression mediates the relation between attachment trauma and maternal self-efficacy, with emotional support as a moderator...
December 27, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
T Tiwari, A R Wilson, M Mulvahill, N Rai, J Albino
The objective of this investigation was to describe maternal psychosocial, behavioral, and acculturation factors associated with early childhood caries in a sample of urban Latino mother-child dyads. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 100 mothers whose children (under the age of 6 y) were patients at the Dental Center at Children's Hospital Colorado in Aurora, Colorado. All children participating in the study received an oral examination to measure decayed, missing, filled, surfaces (dmfs). Participating mothers were given the option to sign the consent form and complete the survey in English or Spanish, according to their preferred language...
January 2018: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
Marilyn N Ahun, Angele Consoli, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Bruno Falissard, Marco Battaglia, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
Maternal depression symptoms (MDS) are a robust risk factor for internalising problems (IP) in the offspring. However, the relative importance of MDS and other factors associated with it (i.e. other types of maternal psychopathology, maternal parenting practices, family characteristics) is not well understood. To (a) identify a group of children with high levels of IP between 6 and 12 years using combined maternal and teacher assessments and (b) to quantify the associations between trajectories of MDS during early childhood and children's IP trajectories before and after controlling for family factors associated with MDS...
December 22, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Shana Ginar da Silva, Pedro Curi Hallal, Marlos Rodrigues Domingues, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mariângela Freitas da Silveira, Diego Bassani, Inácio Crochemore Mohnsam da Silva, Bruna Gonçalves Cordeiro da Silva, Carolina de Vargas Nunes Coll, Kelly Evenson
BACKGROUND: Women are encouraged to be physically active during pregnancy. Despite available evidence supporting antenatal physical activity to bring health benefits for both the mother and child, the most effective way to prevent some maternal and fetal outcomes is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an exercise intervention to prevent negative maternal and newborn health outcomes. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) nested into the 2015 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study was carried-out with 639 healthy pregnant women, 213 in the intervention group (IG) and 426 in the control (CG) group...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Diana L Farmer, Elizabeth A Thom, John W Brock, Pamela K Burrows, Mark P Johnson, Lori J Howell, Jody A Farrell, Nalin Gupta, N Scott Adzick
BACKGROUND: Previous reports from the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) demonstrated that prenatal repair of myelomeningocele reduces hindbrain herniation, the need for cerebrospinal fluid shunting, and improves motor function in children with myelomeningocele. The trial was stopped for efficacy after 183 patients had been randomized, but 30-month outcomes were only available at the time of initial publication in 134 mother-child dyads. Data from the complete cohort for the 30-month outcomes are presented here...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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