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Maternal self-efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338049/breeding-system-and-spatial-isolation-from-congeners-strongly-constrain-seed-set-in-an-insect-pollinated-apomictic-tree-sorbus-subcuneata-rosaceae
#1
Tracey J Hamston, Robert J Wilson, Natasha de Vere, Tim C G Rich, Jamie R Stevens, James E Cresswell
In plants, apomixis results in the production of clonal offspring via seed and can provide reproductive assurance for isolated individuals. However, many apomicts require pollination to develop functional endosperm for successful seed set (pseudogamy) and therefore risk pollination-limitation, particularly in self-incompatible species that require heterospecific pollen. We used microsatellite paternity analysis and hand pollinations to investigate pollen-limitation in Sorbus subcuneata, a threatened endemic tree that co-occurs with its congener, S...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326807/perception-of-not-having-enough-milk-and-actual-milk-production-of-first-time-breastfeeding-mothers-is-there-a-difference
#2
Roseline Galipeau, Louise Dumas, Mario Lepage
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived insufficient milk supply (PIMS) and actual insufficient milk supply (AIMS) and the relative contributions of physiological and psychosocial variables on both PIMS and AIMS of first-time breastfeeding mothers. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Data were collected among 123 breastfeeding mothers at a Canadian, French-speaking maternal care hospital. Birth events, breastfeeding practices, infant and maternal capacities, and PIMS and AIMS were collected at 48 hours after birth, postnatal weeks 2 and 6...
March 22, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319691/trajectories-of-maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-the-early-childhood-period-and-family-wide-clustering-of-risk
#3
Sheri Madigan, Mark Wade, André Plamondon, Jennifer M Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Previous research on individual differences in the course of maternal depressive symptoms has yielded inconsistent findings, with significant variation in the number and pattern of trajectories identified. In addition, missing from the literature is a comprehensive examination of predictors and longitudinal consequences of particular depression trajectories. METHOD: Participants in this study included a community cohort of 501 women assessed for depression using the Center for Epidemiologic Depression Scale at infant age 2, 18, 36, and 54 months...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286001/understanding-high-utilization-of-unscheduled-care-in-pregnant-women-of-low-socioeconomic-status
#4
Pooja K Mehta, Tamala Carter, Cjloe Vinoya, Shreya Kangovi, Sindhu K Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Pregnant high utilizers of unscheduled care may be at particular risk for poor perinatal outcomes, but the drivers of this association have not been explored from the patient perspective. PURPOSE: We sought to understand maternal preference for unscheduled hospital-based obstetric care to inform interventions and improve value of publicly funded care during pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a comparative qualitative analysis of in-depth semistructured interviews...
March 9, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277156/maternal-self-efficacy-postpartum-depression-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-in-iranian-mothers
#5
Fahimeh Fathi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Readiness to care for family, infant, and self are important during the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of self-efficacy and postpartum depressive symptoms with functional status in randomly sampled Iranian mothers (n = 437). The study was cross-sectional and conducted in 2015. The mean (SD) of the total functional status score was 2.3 (0.2) out of a possible score of 1-4. The maximum and minimum scores in infant care were 4.0 and 2.2 and, in social and community activity, levels were 3...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250116/a-neonatal-murine-model-of-coxsackievirus-a6-infection-for-evaluation-of-antiviral-and-vaccine-efficacy
#6
Zhenjie Zhang, Zhaopeng Dong, Qingjuan Wei, Michael J Carr, Juan Li, Shujun Ding, Yigang Tong, Dong Li, Weifeng Shi
Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a global health concern. Family Picornaviridae members, particularly enterovirus 71 (EVA71) and Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16), are the primary etiological agents of HFMD, however, a third enterovirus A species, CoxsackievirusA6 (CVA6), has been recently associated with epidemic outbreaks. Study of the pathogenesis of CVA6 infection and development of antivirals and vaccines are hindered due to the lack of appropriate animal models. We have developed and characterized a murine model of CVA6 infection which was employed to evaluate the antiviral activities of different drugs and the protective efficacies of CVA6-inactivated vaccines...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236348/fixed-time-interval-compared-with-on-demand-oral-analgesia-protocols-for-post-caesarean-pain-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
E Yefet, H Taha, R Salim, J Hasanein, Y Carmeli, N Schwartz, Z Nachum
OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy, safety and satisfaction from two modes of oral analgesia administration for the treatment of post-caesarean pain in the first 48 h following surgery: on-demand versus fixed time interval administration. DESIGN: Open label parallel-group, randomised-controlled trial from February to December 2013. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital in Israel. POPULATION: Two-hundred women who underwent caesarean delivery with regional anaesthesia...
February 25, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212279/do-mothers-benefit-from-a-child-focused-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-cbt-for-childhood-functional-abdominal-pain-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Claudia Calvano, Martina Groß, Petra Warschburger
While the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) approaches for childhood functional abdominal pain (FAP) is well-established for child outcomes, only a few studies have reported on parent-specific outcomes. This randomized controlled pilot trial analyzed effects of a group CBT on maternal variables (i.e., pain-related behavior, worries and self-efficacy, as well as general psychosocial strain). Methods: The sample constituted of 15 mothers in the intervention group (IG) and 14 mothers in the waitlist control group (WLC)...
February 15, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211102/effectiveness-of-vaginal-breech-birth-training-strategies-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Shawn Walker, Eamonn Breslin, Mandie Scamell, Pam Parker
BACKGROUND: The safety of vaginal breech birth depends on the skill of the attendant. The objective of this review was to identify, synthesize, and report the findings of evaluated breech birth training strategies. METHODS: A systematic search of the following on-line databases: Medline, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, EBM Reviews/Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Maternity and Infant Care, and Pubmed, using a structured search strategy. Studies were included in the review if they evaluated the efficacy of a breech birth training program or particular strategies, including obstetric emergency training evaluations that reported differentiated outcomes for breech...
February 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201945/maternal-adhd-symptoms-and-parenting-stress
#10
David Williamson, Charlotte Johnston
OBJECTIVE: ADHD symptoms in adults are consistently related to stress in a variety of domains, although whether the link between ADHD symptoms and stress is direct, or accounted for or moderated by other variables, is little studied. We used a cross-sectional design to examine whether parenting self-efficacy accounts for the relation between maternal ADHD symptoms and parenting stress, and whether levels of maternal neuroticism moderate this relation. METHOD: A nonclinical sample of mothers of 120, six- to 12-year-old children completed surveys online...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#11
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#12
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193595/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-knowledge-and-self-efficacy-levels-regarding-the-use-of-self-hypnosis-in-childbirth-a-prospective-questionnaire-survey
#13
Sophie McAllister, Kirstie Coxon, T Murrells, J Sandall
OBJECTIVE: to examine healthcare professionals' attitudes, knowledge and levels of self-efficacy regarding the use of self-hypnosis in childbirth. DESIGN: a prospective survey. SETTING: two large maternity units in London, England. PARTICIPANTS: healthcare professionals (n=129) involved in the care of childbearing women (anaesthetists, midwives and obstetricians). METHODS: online questionnaire assessing healthcare professionals' experience, knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy relating to self-hypnosis in childbirth...
February 2, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167511/incentive-based-intervention-to-maintain-breastfeeding-among-low-income-puerto-rican-mothers
#14
Yukiko Washio, Mara Humphreys, Elisa Colchado, Maria Sierra-Ortiz, Zugui Zhang, Bradley N Collins, Linda M Kilby, Donna J Chapman, Stephan T Higgins, Kimberly C Kirby
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite maternal and child health benefits, breastfeeding rates are relatively low among low-income Puerto Rican mothers. This study examined the hypothesis that monthly financial incentives would significantly increase the proportion of breastfeeding mothers at 6 months postpartum compared with Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) services only among Puerto Rican mothers. METHODS: A randomized, 2-arm parallel-group design, from February 2015 through February 2016...
February 6, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160091/mediation-of-psychosocial-determinants-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-status-and-adolescents-diet-quality
#15
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132169/do-maternal-caregiver-perceptions-of-childhood-obesity-risk-factors-and-obesity-complications-predict-support-for-prevention-initiatives-among-african-americans
#16
Dayna S Alexander, Moya L Alfonso, Chunhua Cao, Alesha R Wright
Objectives African American maternal caregiver support for prevention of childhood obesity may be a factor in implementing, monitoring, and sustaining children's positive health behaviors. However, little is known about how perceptions of childhood obesity risk factors and health complications influence caregivers' support of childhood obesity prevention strategies. The objective of this study was to determine if childhood obesity risk factors and health complications were associated with maternal caregivers' support for prevention initiatives...
January 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124405/the-use-of-educational-video-to-promote-maternal-self-efficacy-in-preventing-early-childhood-diarrhoea
#17
Emanuella Silva Joventino, Lorena Barbosa Ximenes, Jardeliny Corrêa da Penha, Lucilande Cordeiro de Oliveira Andrade, Paulo César de Almeida
Diarrhoea is responsible for high rates of infant morbidity and mortality. It is multifactorial, manifested by socioeconomic, hygienic, and maternal factors. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of an educational video on maternal self-efficacy for the prevention of childhood diarrhoea. This was a randomised trial conducted in the state of Ceará, Brazil. Participants were 2 groups (comparison and intervention), composed of mothers of children under 5 years of age. Group membership was allocated by cluster randomization...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104326/experiences-of-parish-nurses-in-providing-diabetes-education-and-preconception-counseling-to-women-with-diabetes
#18
Jessica A Devido, Willa M Doswell, Betty J Braxter, Diane L Spatz, Janice S Dorman, Martha Ann Terry, Denise Charron-Prochownik
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role and experiences of the parish nurse in providing diabetes education and preconception counseling to women with diabetes. DESIGN: Mixed-methods concurrent embedded design. SETTING: Focus groups of community-based parish nurses accessed from a regional database (Pennsylvania, Florida, Ohio, New York, Arizona, and Minnesota). PARTICIPANTS: Forty-eight parish nurses recruited from the Parish Nurse and Health Ministry Program database in Western Pennsylvania...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095505/can-early-intervention-improve-maternal-well-being-evidence-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Orla Doyle, Liam Delaney, Christine O'Farrelly, Nick Fitzpatrick, Michael Daly
OBJECTIVE: This study estimates the effect of a targeted early childhood intervention program on global and experienced measures of maternal well-being utilizing a randomized controlled trial design. The primary aim of the intervention is to improve children's school readiness skills by working directly with parents to improve their knowledge of child development and parenting behavior. One potential externality of the program is well-being benefits for parents given its direct focus on improving parental coping, self-efficacy, and problem solving skills, as well as generating an indirect effect on parental well-being by targeting child developmental problems...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027841/kawasaki-disease-with-coronary-artery-aneurysms-psychosocial-impact-on-parents-and-children
#20
Nita Chahal, Ahlexxi Jelen, Janet Rush, Cedric Manlhiot, Katherine M Boydell, Renee Sananes, Brian W McCrindle
INTRODUCTION: For those living with Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms, little is known about the psychosocial burden faced by parents and their children. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods design examining survey and interview data about health-related uncertainty, intrusiveness, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Parents' uncertainty was associated with missed diagnosis, higher income, and maternal education. Higher uncertainty scores among children were associated with absence of chest pain and lower number of echocardiograms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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