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Paternal self-efficacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177057/motivation-and-perceived-competence-for-healthy-eating-and-exercise-among-overweight-obese-adolescents-in-comparison-to-normal-weight-adolescents
#1
Suzanne Mokhtari, Benjamin Grace, Youngju Pak, Astrid Reina, Quinn Durand, Jennifer K Yee
Background: The current literature on determinants of behavior change in weight management lacks sufficient studies on type of motivation among children/adolescents, on perceived competence, and in relation to healthy eating. This study aimed to investigate type of motivation and levels of perceived competence for healthy diet and exercise, as well as general self efficacy among adolescents. We hypothesized that overweight/obese adolescents would demonstrate lower autonomous motivation and perceived competence regarding diet and exercise, and lower self-efficacy in general, and that the scores would be influenced by socioeconomic factors...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961084/perceived-parenting-style-of-fathers-and-iranian-adolescents-self-efficacy-the-moderating-role-of-gender-and-education
#2
Somayeh Keshavarz, Nina S Mounts
The authors examined the moderating role of adolescent's gender and father's education on the associations between perceived paternal parenting styles and self-efficacy in a socioeconomical diverse sample of Iranian ado-lescents (n = 382). Results revealed that paternal authoritative parenting was significantly and positively related to self-efficacy. Interestingly, a significant and positive relation was also found between paternal authoritarian parenting and self-efficacy. This finding might have been the result of the fact that this study was conducted as part of a collectivist culture...
September 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857150/a-model-of-maternal-and-paternal-ethnic-socialization-of-mexican-american-adolescents-self-views
#3
George P Knight, Gustavo Carlo, Cara Streit, Rebecca M B White
Data from a sample of 462 Mexican-American adolescents (M = 10.4 years, SD = .55; 48.1% girls), mothers, and fathers were used to test an ethnic socialization model of ethnic identity and self-efficacy that also considered mainstream parenting styles (e.g., authoritative parenting). Findings supported the ethnic socialization model: parents' endorsement of Mexican-American values were associated with ethnic socialization at fifth grade and seventh grade; maternal ethnic socialization at fifth grade and paternal ethnic socialization at seventh grade were associated with adolescents' ethnic identity exploration at 10th grade and, in turn, self-efficacy at 12th grade...
November 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448858/the-development-and-piloting-of-an-ehealth-breastfeeding-resource-targeting-fathers-and-partners-as-co-parents
#4
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Fangli Xie, Jaymie Koroluk, Shelley Alcock Brillinger, Joanne Huizinga, Amber Newport, William M Goodman, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally breastfeeding education programs target mothers solely. The objective of this study was to design and pilot test an interactive eHealth breastfeeding co-parenting resource developed to target both mothers and fathers. eHealth resources provide an accessible and engaging format on which to educate parents and assist them in meeting their breastfeeding goals. Best practices to design such resources are not currently known. DESIGN: A three phase pilot study was conducted...
April 18, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356094/do-the-correlates-of-screen-time-and-sedentary-time-differ-in-preschool-children
#5
Katherine L Downing, Trina Hinkley, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Preschool children can spend up to 12 h a day in sedentary time and few meet current recommendations for screen time. Little is known about ecological correlates that could be targeted to decrease specific versus total sedentary behaviour. This study examined whether the correlates of screen time and sedentary time differ in preschool boys and girls. METHODS: Parents participating in the HAPPY Study in 2008/09 in Melbourne, Australia reported their child's usual screen time and potential individual, social and physical environment correlates...
March 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338049/breeding-system-and-spatial-isolation-from-congeners-strongly-constrain-seed-set-in-an-insect-pollinated-apomictic-tree-sorbus-subcuneata-rosaceae
#6
Tracey J Hamston, Robert J Wilson, Natasha de Vere, Tim C G Rich, Jamie R Stevens, James E Cresswell
In plants, apomixis results in the production of clonal offspring via seed and can provide reproductive assurance for isolated individuals. However, many apomicts require pollination to develop functional endosperm for successful seed set (pseudogamy) and therefore risk pollination-limitation, particularly in self-incompatible species that require heterospecific pollen. We used microsatellite paternity analysis and hand pollinations to investigate pollen-limitation in Sorbus subcuneata, a threatened endemic tree that co-occurs with its congener, S...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288953/impact-of-social-processes-in-online-health-communities-on-patient-empowerment-in-relationship-with-the-physician-emergence-of-functional-and-dysfunctional-empowerment
#7
Gregor Petrič, Sara Atanasova, Tanja Kamin
BACKGROUND: Substantial research demonstrates the importance of online health communities (OHCs) for patient empowerment, although the impact on the patient-physician relationship is understudied. Patient empowerment also occurs in relationship with the physician, but studies of OHCs mostly disregard this. The question also remains about the nature and consequences of this empowerment, as it might be based on the limited validity of some information in OHCs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social processes in OHCs (information exchange with users and health professional moderators, social support, finding meaning, and self-expressing) on functional and dysfunctional patient empowerment in relationship with the physician (PERP)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194877/focused-breastfeeding-counselling-improves-short-and-long-term-success-in-an-early-discharge-setting-a-cluster-randomized-study
#8
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160091/mediation-of-psychosocial-determinants-in-the-relation-between-socio-economic-status-and-adolescents-diet-quality
#9
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027841/kawasaki-disease-with-coronary-artery-aneurysms-psychosocial-impact-on-parents-and-children
#10
Nita Chahal, Ahlexxi Jelen, Janet Rush, Cedric Manlhiot, Katherine M Boydell, Renee Sananes, Brian W McCrindle
INTRODUCTION: For those living with Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms, little is known about the psychosocial burden faced by parents and their children. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods design examining survey and interview data about health-related uncertainty, intrusiveness, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Parents' uncertainty was associated with missed diagnosis, higher income, and maternal education. Higher uncertainty scores among children were associated with absence of chest pain and lower number of echocardiograms...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007480/paternal-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-igf2-regulates-stem-cell-activity-during-adulthood
#11
Vilma Barroca, Daniel Lewandowski, Agnieszka Jaracz-Ros, Sylvie-Nathalie Hardouin
Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) belongs to the IGF/Insulin pathway, a highly conserved evolutionarily network that regulates growth, aging and lifespan. Igf2 is highly expressed in the embryo and in cancer cells. During mouse development, Igf2 is expressed in all sites where hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) successively expand, then its expression drops at weaning and becomes undetectable when adult HSC have reached their niches in bones and start to self-renew. In the present study, we aim to discover the role of IGF2 during adulthood...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833225/does-birth-order-and-academic-proficiency-influence-perfectionistic-self-presentation-among-undergraduate-engineering-students-a-descriptive-analysis
#12
Preeti Tabitha Louis, Navin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is a multifaceted concept. It had both advantages and disadvantages. Perfectionistic traits have been associated with leadership and very intellectual people. The present study is an attempt to understand if engineering students possess perfectionistic orientation and whether it influences self-efficacy, social connectedness, and achievement motivation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study adopts a random sampling design to evaluate the presence of perfectionism as a personality trait among undergraduate engineering students (N = 320)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795657/does-engaging-in-a-group-based-intervention-increase-parental-self-efficacy-in-parents-of-preschool-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-current-literature
#13
Anja Wittkowski, Hannah Dowling, Debbie M Smith
As the preschool years are a formative period for long-term physical and mental health, this period is recognised as an important window for early effective intervention. Parenting behaviour is a key factor to target in order to optimise child development. Group-based interventions for parents are considered efficient and cost effective methods of early intervention and have been found to improve child behaviour and adjustment. Self-efficacy is key to behaviour change and as such parental self-efficacy should be a consideration in interventions aimed at influencing parenting behaviour...
2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27244219/risk-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-in-low-income-african-american-fathers
#14
Olajide N Bamishigbin, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Christine M Guardino, Annette L Stanton, Peter Schafer, Madeleine Shalowitz, Robin Gaines Lanzi, John Thorp, Tonse Raju
OBJECTIVE: Parental depression influences family health but research on low-income African American fathers is limited. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the role of paternal risk factors and resilience resources in predicting depressive symptoms in the year after birth of a child in a sample of African American fathers. We hypothesized that paternal risk factors (low socioeconomic status [SES], perceived stress, negative life events, racism, avoidant coping style) and resources (social support, self-esteem, collective efficacy, approach-oriented coping style) would predict depressive symptoms in fathers at 1 year postbirth controlling for depressive symptoms at 1 month postbirth...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27199110/paternal-caregivers-parenting-practices-and-psychological-functioning-among-african-american-youth-living-in-urban-public-housing
#15
Otima Doyle, Trenette Clark Goings, Qiana R Cryer-Coupet, Margaret Lombe, Jennifer Stephens, Von E Nebbitt
Structural factors associated with public housing contribute to living environments that expose families to adverse life events that may in turn directly impact parenting and youth outcomes. However, despite the growth in research on fathers, research on families in public housing has practically excluded fathers and the role fathers play in the well-being of their adolescents. Using a sample of 660 African American adolescents recruited from public housing, we examined the relationship between paternal caregivers' (i...
September 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169707/disclosure-of-incidental-constituents-of-psychotherapy-as-a-moral-obligation-for-psychiatrists-and-psychotherapists
#16
Manuel Trachsel, Jens Gaab
Informed consent to medical intervention reflects the moral principle of respect for autonomy and the patient's right to self-determination. In psychotherapy, this includes a requirement to inform the patient about those components of treatment purported to cause the therapeutic effect. This information must encompass positive expectancies of change and placebo-related or incidental constituent therapy effects, which are as important as specific intervention techniques for the efficacy of psychotherapy. There is a risk that informing the patient about possible incidental constituents of therapy may reduce or even completely impede these effects, with negative consequences for overall outcome...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27137508/involvement-and-warmth-of-fathers-with-mental-illness-the-role-of-the-caregiving-system-parental-self-efficacy-social-support-and-child-characteristics
#17
Ricky Finzi-Dottan, Efrat Dayan-Gazith, Tali Borosh, Pavel Golubchik
This study compares the levels and predictors of paternal warmth and involvement of 69 fathers with serious mental illness (SMI) and 69 matched non-clinical (NC) fathers in Israel. Findings show that the NC fathers were more involved with their children, whereas the SMI fathers reported more warmth and perceived their children as less difficult. The interactions that were found in the regression analyses highlight the differences between the two groups. Among the SMI fathers, but not the NC fathers, higher paternal self-efficacy was associated with increased father involvement, and lower family support was associated with decreased warmth...
November 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107859/a-multidimensional-approach-to-characterizing-psychosocial-health-during-pregnancy
#18
Pamela J Maxson, Sharon E Edwards, Ellis M Valentiner, Marie Lynn Miranda
Objectives Domains of psychosocial health have been separately connected to pregnancy outcomes. This study explores the relationship between five domains of psychosocial health and their joint association with prenatal health and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Women from a prospective cohort study in Durham, North Carolina were clustered based on measures of paternal support, perceived stress, social support, depression, and self-efficacy. Clusters were constructed using the K-means algorithm. We examined associations between psychosocial health and maternal health correlates, pregnancy intention, and pregnancy outcomes using Chi square tests and multivariable models...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26956140/training-primary-care-physicians-to-employ-self-efficacy-enhancing-interviewing-techniques-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-standardized-patient-intervention
#19
Anthony Jerant, Richard L Kravitz, Daniel Tancredi, Debora A Paterniti, Lynda White, Lynn Baker-Nauman, Dionne Evans-Dean, Chloe Villarreal, Lori Ried, Andrew Hudnut, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers (PCPs) have few tools for enhancing patient self-efficacy, a key mediator of myriad health-influencing behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether brief standardized patient instructor (SPI)-delivered training increases PCPs' use of self-efficacy-enhancing interviewing techniques (SEE IT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two family physicians and general internists from 12 primary care offices drawn from two health systems in Northern California...
July 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26786669/perspective-on-a-modified-developmental-and-reproductive-toxicity-testing-strategy-for-cancer-immunotherapy
#20
Rodney A Prell, Wendy G Halpern, Gautham K Rao
The intent of cancer immunotherapy (CIT) is to generate and enhance T-cell responses against tumors. The tumor microenvironment establishes several inhibitory pathways that lead to suppression of the local immune response, which is permissive for tumor growth. The efficacy of different CITs, alone and in combination, stems from reinvigorating the tumor immune response via several mechanisms, including costimulatory agonists, checkpoint inhibitors, and vaccines. However, immune responses to other antigens (self and foreign) may also be enhanced, resulting in potentially undesired effects...
May 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
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