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Paternal self-efficacy

Katherine L Downing, Trina Hinkley, Jo Salmon, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Preschool children can spend up to 12 h a day in sedentary time and few meet current recommendations for screen time. Little is known about ecological correlates that could be targeted to decrease specific versus total sedentary behaviour. This study examined whether the correlates of screen time and sedentary time differ in preschool boys and girls. METHODS: Parents participating in the HAPPY Study in 2008/09 in Melbourne, Australia reported their child's usual screen time and potential individual, social and physical environment correlates...
March 29, 2017: BMC Public Health
Tracey J Hamston, Robert J Wilson, Natasha de Vere, Tim C G Rich, Jamie R Stevens, James E Cresswell
In plants, apomixis results in the production of clonal offspring via seed and can provide reproductive assurance for isolated individuals. However, many apomicts require pollination to develop functional endosperm for successful seed set (pseudogamy) and therefore risk pollination-limitation, particularly in self-incompatible species that require heterospecific pollen. We used microsatellite paternity analysis and hand pollinations to investigate pollen-limitation in Sorbus subcuneata, a threatened endemic tree that co-occurs with its congener, S...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Gregor Petrič, Sara Atanasova, Tanja Kamin
BACKGROUND: Substantial research demonstrates the importance of online health communities (OHCs) for patient empowerment, although the impact on the patient-physician relationship is understudied. Patient empowerment also occurs in relationship with the physician, but studies of OHCs mostly disregard this. The question also remains about the nature and consequences of this empowerment, as it might be based on the limited validity of some information in OHCs. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this study was to examine the impact of social processes in OHCs (information exchange with users and health professional moderators, social support, finding meaning, and self-expressing) on functional and dysfunctional patient empowerment in relationship with the physician (PERP)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Ingrid M S Nilsson, Katrine Strandberg-Larsen, Christopher H Knight, Anne Vinkel Hansen, Hanne Kronborg
Length of postnatal hospitalization has decreased and has been shown to be associated with infant nutritional problems and increase in readmissions. We aimed to evaluate if guidelines for breastfeeding counselling in an early discharge hospital setting had an effect on maternal breastfeeding self-efficacy, infant readmission and breastfeeding duration. A cluster randomized trial was conducted and assigned nine maternity settings in Denmark to intervention or usual care. Women were eligible if they expected a single infant, intended to breastfeed, were able to read Danish, and expected to be discharged within 50 hr postnatally...
February 14, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Nathalie Michels, Lisa Vynckier, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Alex de la O, Maria Forsner, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Inge Huybrechts, Isabel Iguacel, Antonio Kafatos, Mathilde Kersting, Catherine Leclercq, Yannis Manios, Ascension Marcos, Denes Molnar, Michael Sjöström, Kurt Widhalm, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: To examine the underlying reasons for the positive relation between socio-economic status (SES) and the diet quality of adolescents. METHODS: In 2081 adolescents (12.5-17.5 years) of the European HELENA study, a continuous variable on diet quality via 2-day 24-h recalls was available. SES was reflected by parental education, parental occupation and family affluence. Mediation by several psychosocial determinants was tested: self-efficacy, availability at school and home, social support, barriers, benefits, awareness and some self-reported influencers (parents, school, taste, health, friends, food readily available, easy preparation, hunger, price and habits)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
Nita Chahal, Ahlexxi Jelen, Janet Rush, Cedric Manlhiot, Katherine M Boydell, Renee Sananes, Brian W McCrindle
INTRODUCTION: For those living with Kawasaki disease and coronary artery aneurysms, little is known about the psychosocial burden faced by parents and their children. METHODS: Exploratory, descriptive, mixed-methods design examining survey and interview data about health-related uncertainty, intrusiveness, and self-efficacy. RESULTS: Parents' uncertainty was associated with missed diagnosis, higher income, and maternal education. Higher uncertainty scores among children were associated with absence of chest pain and lower number of echocardiograms...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Vilma Barroca, Daniel Lewandowski, Agnieszka Jaracz-Ros, Sylvie-Nathalie Hardouin
Insulin-like Growth Factor 2 (IGF2) belongs to the IGF/Insulin pathway, a highly conserved evolutionarily network that regulates growth, aging and lifespan. Igf2 is highly expressed in the embryo and in cancer cells. During mouse development, Igf2 is expressed in all sites where hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) successively expand, then its expression drops at weaning and becomes undetectable when adult HSC have reached their niches in bones and start to self-renew. In the present study, we aim to discover the role of IGF2 during adulthood...
February 2017: EBioMedicine
Preeti Tabitha Louis, Navin Kumar
BACKGROUND: Perfectionism is a multifaceted concept. It had both advantages and disadvantages. Perfectionistic traits have been associated with leadership and very intellectual people. The present study is an attempt to understand if engineering students possess perfectionistic orientation and whether it influences self-efficacy, social connectedness, and achievement motivation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study adopts a random sampling design to evaluate the presence of perfectionism as a personality trait among undergraduate engineering students (N = 320)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Anja Wittkowski, Hannah Dowling, Debbie M Smith
As the preschool years are a formative period for long-term physical and mental health, this period is recognised as an important window for early effective intervention. Parenting behaviour is a key factor to target in order to optimise child development. Group-based interventions for parents are considered efficient and cost effective methods of early intervention and have been found to improve child behaviour and adjustment. Self-efficacy is key to behaviour change and as such parental self-efficacy should be a consideration in interventions aimed at influencing parenting behaviour...
2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
Olajide N Bamishigbin, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Christine M Guardino, Annette L Stanton, Peter Schafer, Madeleine Shalowitz, Robin Gaines Lanzi, John Thorp, Tonse Raju
OBJECTIVE: Parental depression influences family health but research on low-income African American fathers is limited. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the role of paternal risk factors and resilience resources in predicting depressive symptoms in the year after birth of a child in a sample of African American fathers. We hypothesized that paternal risk factors (low socioeconomic status [SES], perceived stress, negative life events, racism, avoidant coping style) and resources (social support, self-esteem, collective efficacy, approach-oriented coping style) would predict depressive symptoms in fathers at 1 year postbirth controlling for depressive symptoms at 1 month postbirth...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Otima Doyle, Trenette Clark Goings, Qiana R Cryer-Coupet, Margaret Lombe, Jennifer Stephens, Von E Nebbitt
Structural factors associated with public housing contribute to living environments that expose families to adverse life events that may in turn directly impact parenting and youth outcomes. However, despite the growth in research on fathers, research on families in public housing has practically excluded fathers and the role fathers play in the well-being of their adolescents. Using a sample of 660 African American adolescents recruited from public housing, we examined the relationship between paternal caregivers' (i...
May 20, 2016: Family Process
Manuel Trachsel, Jens Gaab
Informed consent to medical intervention reflects the moral principle of respect for autonomy and the patient's right to self-determination. In psychotherapy, this includes a requirement to inform the patient about those components of treatment purported to cause the therapeutic effect. This information must encompass positive expectancies of change and placebo-related or incidental constituent therapy effects, which are as important as specific intervention techniques for the efficacy of psychotherapy. There is a risk that informing the patient about possible incidental constituents of therapy may reduce or even completely impede these effects, with negative consequences for overall outcome...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Ricky Finzi-Dottan, Efrat Dayan-Gazith, Tali Borosh, Pavel Golubchik
This study compares the levels and predictors of paternal warmth and involvement of 69 fathers with serious mental illness (SMI) and 69 matched non-clinical (NC) fathers in Israel. Findings show that the NC fathers were more involved with their children, whereas the SMI fathers reported more warmth and perceived their children as less difficult. The interactions that were found in the regression analyses highlight the differences between the two groups. Among the SMI fathers, but not the NC fathers, higher paternal self-efficacy was associated with increased father involvement, and lower family support was associated with decreased warmth...
May 2, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Pamela J Maxson, Sharon E Edwards, Ellis M Valentiner, Marie Lynn Miranda
Objectives Domains of psychosocial health have been separately connected to pregnancy outcomes. This study explores the relationship between five domains of psychosocial health and their joint association with prenatal health and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Women from a prospective cohort study in Durham, North Carolina were clustered based on measures of paternal support, perceived stress, social support, depression, and self-efficacy. Clusters were constructed using the K-means algorithm. We examined associations between psychosocial health and maternal health correlates, pregnancy intention, and pregnancy outcomes using Chi square tests and multivariable models...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Anthony Jerant, Richard L Kravitz, Daniel Tancredi, Debora A Paterniti, Lynda White, Lynn Baker-Nauman, Dionne Evans-Dean, Chloe Villarreal, Lori Ried, Andrew Hudnut, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers (PCPs) have few tools for enhancing patient self-efficacy, a key mediator of myriad health-influencing behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether brief standardized patient instructor (SPI)-delivered training increases PCPs' use of self-efficacy-enhancing interviewing techniques (SEE IT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two family physicians and general internists from 12 primary care offices drawn from two health systems in Northern California...
July 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Rodney A Prell, Wendy G Halpern, Gautham K Rao
The intent of cancer immunotherapy (CIT) is to generate and enhance T-cell responses against tumors. The tumor microenvironment establishes several inhibitory pathways that lead to suppression of the local immune response, which is permissive for tumor growth. The efficacy of different CITs, alone and in combination, stems from reinvigorating the tumor immune response via several mechanisms, including costimulatory agonists, checkpoint inhibitors, and vaccines. However, immune responses to other antigens (self and foreign) may also be enhanced, resulting in potentially undesired effects...
May 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
Pınar Serçekuş, Hatice Başkale
OBJECTIVE: to examine the effects of antenatal education on fear of childbirth, maternal self-efficacy, and maternal and paternal attachment. DESIGN: quasi-experimental study, comparing an antenatal education group and a control group. PARTICIPANTS: 63 pregnant women and their husbands. MEASUREMENTS: demographic data forms, the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire, the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory, the Maternal Attachment Inventory and the Postnatal Paternal-Infant Attachment Questionnaire were used for data collection...
March 2016: Midwifery
Christiana Nöstlinger, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Jozefien Buyze, Jasna Loos, Anne Buvé
Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) face many psychosocial challenges, including HIV disclosure to others. Given the importance of socialization during the adolescent transition process, this study investigated the psychological and social factors influencing self-disclosure of own HIV status to peers. We examined social HIV self-disclosure to peers, and its relationship to perceived HIV-related stigma, self-efficacy to disclose, self-esteem, and social support among a sample of n = 582 ALHIV aged 13-17 years in Kampala, Uganda, and Western Kenya...
2015: AIDS Care
Sung Reul Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hye Young Kim, Sung Hee Ko, Minyoung Park
The aim of this study was to identify smoking cessation failure subgroups among Korean adolescents. Participants were 379 smoking adolescents who joined a smoking cessation program. A questionnaire and a cotinine urine test were administered before the program began. Three months after the program ended, the cotinine urine test was repeated. A decision-tree model identified seven subgroups with low or high smoking cessation rates. The predictors of smoking cessation were intention to stop smoking, initiation of smoking, amount of cigarette use, self-efficacy, and paternal smoking status...
June 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Riikka Korja, Jorma Piha, Riia Otava, Chloé Lavanchy Scaiola, Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth, Niina Junttila, Minna Aromaa, Hannele Räihä
The aim of the study was to assess whether a parent's psychological well-being and/or self-efficacy relate to interaction within the family. This study is part of a Finnish follow-up study called Steps to the Healthy Development and Well-Being of Children (STEPS;). The study group included 120 families. Mother's and father's social anxiety and depression were assessed during pregnancy and at 18 months of the child's age using self-report questionnaires; the mother's and father's self-efficacy were assessed at 18 months using a parental self-efficacy scale validated within the STEPS study...
May 2015: Infant Mental Health Journal
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