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Paternal self-efficacy

Olajide N Bamishigbin, Christine Dunkel Schetter, Christine M Guardino, Annette L Stanton, Peter Schafer, Madeleine Shalowitz, Robin Gaines Lanzi, John Thorp, Tonse Raju
OBJECTIVE: Parental depression influences family health but research on low-income African American fathers is limited. The primary goal of the present study was to examine the role of paternal risk factors and resilience resources in predicting depressive symptoms in the year after birth of a child in a sample of African American fathers. We hypothesized that paternal risk factors (low socioeconomic status [SES], perceived stress, negative life events, racism, avoidant coping style) and resources (social support, self-esteem, collective efficacy, approach-oriented coping style) would predict depressive symptoms in fathers at 1 year postbirth controlling for depressive symptoms at 1 month postbirth...
May 30, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Otima Doyle, Trenette Clark Goings, Qiana R Cryer-Coupet, Margaret Lombe, Jennifer Stephens, Von E Nebbitt
Structural factors associated with public housing contribute to living environments that expose families to adverse life events that may in turn directly impact parenting and youth outcomes. However, despite the growth in research on fathers, research on families in public housing has practically excluded fathers and the role fathers play in the well-being of their adolescents. Using a sample of 660 African American adolescents recruited from public housing, we examined the relationship between paternal caregivers' (i...
May 20, 2016: Family Process
Manuel Trachsel, Jens Gaab
Informed consent to medical intervention reflects the moral principle of respect for autonomy and the patient's right to self-determination. In psychotherapy, this includes a requirement to inform the patient about those components of treatment purported to cause the therapeutic effect. This information must encompass positive expectancies of change and placebo-related or incidental constituent therapy effects, which are as important as specific intervention techniques for the efficacy of psychotherapy. There is a risk that informing the patient about possible incidental constituents of therapy may reduce or even completely impede these effects, with negative consequences for overall outcome...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
Ricky Finzi-Dottan, Efrat Dayan-Gazith, Tali Borosh, Pavel Golubchik
This study compares the levels and predictors of paternal warmth and involvement of 69 fathers with serious mental illness (SMI) and 69 matched non-clinical (NC) fathers in Israel. Findings show that the NC fathers were more involved with their children, whereas the SMI fathers reported more warmth and perceived their children as less difficult. The interactions that were found in the regression analyses highlight the differences between the two groups. Among the SMI fathers, but not the NC fathers, higher paternal self-efficacy was associated with increased father involvement, and lower family support was associated with decreased warmth...
May 2, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Pamela J Maxson, Sharon E Edwards, Ellis M Valentiner, Marie Lynn Miranda
Objectives Domains of psychosocial health have been separately connected to pregnancy outcomes. This study explores the relationship between five domains of psychosocial health and their joint association with prenatal health and pregnancy outcomes. Methods Women from a prospective cohort study in Durham, North Carolina were clustered based on measures of paternal support, perceived stress, social support, depression, and self-efficacy. Clusters were constructed using the K-means algorithm. We examined associations between psychosocial health and maternal health correlates, pregnancy intention, and pregnancy outcomes using Chi square tests and multivariable models...
June 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Anthony Jerant, Richard L Kravitz, Daniel Tancredi, Debora A Paterniti, Lynda White, Lynn Baker-Nauman, Dionne Evans-Dean, Chloe Villarreal, Lori Ried, Andrew Hudnut, Peter Franks
BACKGROUND: Primary care providers (PCPs) have few tools for enhancing patient self-efficacy, a key mediator of myriad health-influencing behaviors. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether brief standardized patient instructor (SPI)-delivered training increases PCPs' use of self-efficacy-enhancing interviewing techniques (SEE IT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two family physicians and general internists from 12 primary care offices drawn from two health systems in Northern California...
July 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Rodney A Prell, Wendy G Halpern, Gautham K Rao
The intent of cancer immunotherapy (CIT) is to generate and enhance T-cell responses against tumors. The tumor microenvironment establishes several inhibitory pathways that lead to suppression of the local immune response, which is permissive for tumor growth. The efficacy of different CITs, alone and in combination, stems from reinvigorating the tumor immune response via several mechanisms, including costimulatory agonists, checkpoint inhibitors, and vaccines. However, immune responses to other antigens (self and foreign) may also be enhanced, resulting in potentially undesired effects...
May 2016: International Journal of Toxicology
Pınar Serçekuş, Hatice Başkale
OBJECTIVE: to examine the effects of antenatal education on fear of childbirth, maternal self-efficacy, and maternal and paternal attachment. DESIGN: quasi-experimental study, comparing an antenatal education group and a control group. PARTICIPANTS: 63 pregnant women and their husbands. MEASUREMENTS: demographic data forms, the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire, the Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory, the Maternal Attachment Inventory and the Postnatal Paternal-Infant Attachment Questionnaire were used for data collection...
March 2016: Midwifery
Christiana Nöstlinger, Sabrina Bakeera-Kitaka, Jozefien Buyze, Jasna Loos, Anne Buvé
Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) face many psychosocial challenges, including HIV disclosure to others. Given the importance of socialization during the adolescent transition process, this study investigated the psychological and social factors influencing self-disclosure of own HIV status to peers. We examined social HIV self-disclosure to peers, and its relationship to perceived HIV-related stigma, self-efficacy to disclose, self-esteem, and social support among a sample of n = 582 ALHIV aged 13-17 years in Kampala, Uganda, and Western Kenya...
2015: AIDS Care
Sung Reul Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim, Ji Young Kim, Hye Young Kim, Sung Hee Ko, Minyoung Park
The aim of this study was to identify smoking cessation failure subgroups among Korean adolescents. Participants were 379 smoking adolescents who joined a smoking cessation program. A questionnaire and a cotinine urine test were administered before the program began. Three months after the program ended, the cotinine urine test was repeated. A decision-tree model identified seven subgroups with low or high smoking cessation rates. The predictors of smoking cessation were intention to stop smoking, initiation of smoking, amount of cigarette use, self-efficacy, and paternal smoking status...
June 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Riikka Korja, Jorma Piha, Riia Otava, Chloé Lavanchy Scaiola, Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth, Niina Junttila, Minna Aromaa, Hannele Räihä
The aim of the study was to assess whether a parent's psychological well-being and/or self-efficacy relate to interaction within the family. This study is part of a Finnish follow-up study called Steps to the Healthy Development and Well-Being of Children (STEPS;). The study group included 120 families. Mother's and father's social anxiety and depression were assessed during pregnancy and at 18 months of the child's age using self-report questionnaires; the mother's and father's self-efficacy were assessed at 18 months using a parental self-efficacy scale validated within the STEPS study...
May 2015: Infant Mental Health Journal
Samantha L White, Fair M Vassoler, Heath D Schmidt, R Christopher Pierce, Mathieu E Wimmer
We previously showed that paternal cocaine exposure reduced the reinforcing efficacy of cocaine in male offspring. Here, we sought to determine whether paternal cocaine experience could also influence anxiety levels in offspring. Male rats were allowed to self-administer cocaine (controls received saline passively) for 60 days and then were bred with naïve females. Measures of anxiety and cocaine-induced anxiogenic effects were assessed in the adult offspring. Cocaine-sired male offspring exhibited increased anxiety-like behaviors, as measured using the novelty-induced hypophagia and defensive burying tasks, relative to saline-sired males...
July 2016: Addiction Biology
Perry M Gee, Deborah A Greenwood, Debora A Paterniti, Deborah Ward, Lisa M Soederberg Miller
BACKGROUND: Chronic illnesses are significant to individuals and costly to society. When systematically implemented, the well-established and tested Chronic Care Model (CCM) is shown to improve health outcomes for people with chronic conditions. Since the development of the original CCM, tremendous information management, communication, and technology advancements have been established. An opportunity exists to improve the time-honored CCM with clinically efficacious eHealth tools. OBJECTIVE: The first goal of this paper was to review research on eHealth tools that support self-management of chronic disease using the CCM...
2015: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jay Fagan, Mollie Cherson, Christopher Brown, Eric Vecere
The present study evaluated the effects of mothers' participation in an 8-week coparenting intervention program, Understanding Dad™, on mothers' awareness and attitudes regarding how their relationships with fathers influence paternal involvement with children, knowledge of healthy pro-relationship skills, and relationship self-efficacy. Thirty-four mothers were recruited from four sites to participate in a study that used a pretest/posttest one-group design. Over the course of this 8-week program, mothers demonstrated moderate to large gains in each of the outcome measures, after controlling for mothers' educational level...
December 2015: Family Process
Ricky Finzi-Dottan, Orna Cohen
This study compared the levels and predictors of paternal warmth and involvement of 218 custodial fathers to 222 married fathers and 105 noncustodial (NC) divorced fathers in Israel. The examined predictors were fathers' perceptions of their own fathers; their own caregiving behaviors and parental self-efficacy; and child characteristics and coparental coordination. Results indicated that being a custodial father was associated with more involvement than being a married or NC divorced father. Regression analyses revealed that experience of care with own father predicted fathers' involvement, whereas own father control was related to lower paternal warmth...
March 2016: Family Process
Jennifer Abbass-Dick, Susan B Stern, LaRon E Nelson, William Watson, Cindy-Lee Dennis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a coparenting intervention on exclusive breastfeeding among primiparous mothers and fathers. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a large teaching hospital in Toronto, Canada. Couples were randomized to receive either usual care (n = 107) or a coparenting breastfeeding support intervention (n = 107). Follow-up of exclusive breastfeeding and diverse secondary outcomes was conducted at 6 and 12 weeks postpartum...
January 2015: Pediatrics
Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Mikael Julius Sømhovd, Sara Kerstine Nielsen, Nicoline Normann, Ingrid Leth, Marie Louise Reinholdt-Dunne
OBJECTIVE: Specific parental behaviors and cognitions are associated with child anxiety. Studies informing us of the directionality of the associations are lacking. We investigated the effect of parental involvement in children's anxiety treatment on parental behaviors and cognitions. METHOD: Children (N=54, 7-12 years) and parents were randomly allocated to different treatment groups (involved, not involved). Observed behavior, self-reported behavior and cognitions were assessed separately for mothers and fathers at pre-, posttreatment and follow-up...
October 2014: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Simon J Sebire, Anne M Haase, Alan A Montgomery, Jade McNeill, Russ Jago
Background: The current study investigated cross-sectional associations between maternal and paternal logistic and modeling physical activity support and the self-efficacy, self-esteem, and physical activity intentions of 11- to 12-year-old girls. Methods: 210 girls reported perceptions of maternal and paternal logistic and modeling support and their self-efficacy, self-esteem and intention to be physically active. Data were analyzed using multivariable regression models. Results: Maternal logistic support was positively associated with participants' self-esteem, physical activity self-efficacy, and intention to be active...
May 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Simon J Sebire, Anne M Haase, Alan A Montgomery, Jade McNeill, Russ Jago
BACKGROUND: The current study investigated cross-sectional associations between maternal and paternal logistic and modeling physical activity support and the self-efficacy, self-esteem, and physical activity intentions of 11- to 12-year-old girls. METHODS: 210 girls reported perceptions of maternal and paternal logistic and modeling support and their self-efficacy, self-esteem and intention to be physically active. Data were analyzed using multivariable regression models...
May 2014: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Yang Gao, Liping Li, Emily Y Y Chan, Joseph Lau, Sian M Griffiths
OBJECTIVES: Millions of children and adolescents in rural China are left behind as their parents move away for work. Little is known about the impact of parental migration on their smoking and self-efficacy. This study explores the associations among parental migration, self-efficacy and smoking. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among middle school students in Liangying Township, Guangdong, China. Socio-demographic and parental migration characteristics, as well as adolescent past 30-day smoking and self-efficacy level were collected using a self-administered questionnaire...
2013: PloS One
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