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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457941/the-impact-of-nurse-managers-leadership-styles-on-ward-staff
#1
Usama Saleh, Tom O'Connor, Hattan Al-Subhi, Rana Alkattan, Saad Al-Harbi, Declan Patton
AIM: to explore the nature of leadership styles used by the nursing management team, as perceived by nurses working at the bedside. BACKGROUND: leadership style is related to job satisfaction, staff retention, costs, and quality of care. The leadership styles of managers can be crucial in the healthcare setting, but very few studies have focused on them. METHOD: the study employed qualitative methodology, involving 35 nurses working in different specialties of a medical city in Saudi Arabia...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457915/how-good-are-we-at-selecting-students-that-meet-our-mission-outcomes-of-the-2011-and-2012-entering-classes-selected-by-a-locally-developed-multiple-mini-interview
#2
Carol A Terregino, H Liesel Copeland, Sonia Garcia Laumbach, Daniel Mehan, Dana Dunleavy, Thomas Geiger
BACKGROUND: Can a locally developed multiple mini interview (MMI) process lead to outcomes reflective of local values and mission? METHODS: In 2017, the authors performed a retrospective analysis of the relationship of MMI with multiple-choice-based outcomes and non-multiple-choice-based outcomes, including clerkship competencies, OSCE, scholarship/service/leadership, academic honor society induction, peer and faculty humanism nominations, and overall performance at graduation for two entering classes with acceptance decisions based exclusively on a locally developed MMI...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456873/the-rockefeller-university-clinical-scholars-kl2-program-2006-2016
#3
Sarah J Schlesinger, Michelle Romanick, Jonathan N Tobin, Donna Brassil, Rhonda G Kost, Rita Devine, Barbara O'Sullivan, Roger D Vaughan, Yupu Liang, Joel Correa da Rosa, Maija Williams, James G Krueger, Barry S Coller
Introduction and Methods: The Rockefeller Clinical Scholars (KL2) Program began in 1976 and transitioned into a 3-year Master's degree program in 2006 when Rockefeller joined the NIH Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) program. The program consists of ~15 trainees supported by the CTSA KL2 award and University funds. It is designed to provide an optimal environment for junior translational investigators to develop team science and leadership skills by designing and performing a human subjects protocol under the supervision of a distinguished senior investigator mentor and a team of content expert educators...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455902/online-social-network-response-to-studies-on-antidepressant-use-in-pregnancy
#4
Simone N Vigod, Ebrahim Bagheri, Fattane Zarrinkalam, Hilary K Brown, Muhammad Mamdani, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: About 8% of U.S women are prescribed antidepressant medications around the time of pregnancy. Decisions about medication use in pregnancy can be swayed by the opinion of family, friends and online media, sometimes beyond the advice offered by healthcare providers. Exploration of the online social network response to research on antidepressant use in pregnancy could provide insight about how to optimize decision-making in this complex area. METHODS: For all 17 research articles published on the safety of antidepressant use in pregnancy in 2012, we sought to explore online social network activity regarding antidepressant use in pregnancy, via Twitter, in the 48h after a study was published, compared to the social network activity in the same period 1week prior to each article's publication...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455162/evaluation-of-learning-from-practical-obstetric-multi-professional-training-and-its-impact-on-patient-outcomes-in-australia-using-kirkpatrick-s-framework-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Arunaz Kumar, Sam Sturrock, Euan M Wallace, Debra Nestel, Donna Lucey, Sally Stoyles, Jenny Morgan, Peter Neil, Michelle Schlipalius, Philip Dekoninck
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the implementation of the Practical Obstetric Multi-Professional Training (PROMPT) simulation using the Kirkpatrick's framework. We explored participants' acquisition of knowledge and skills, its impact on clinical outcomes and organisational change to integrate the PROMPT programme as a credentialing tool. We also aimed to assess participants' perception of usefulness of PROMPT in their clinical practice. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods approach with a pre-test/post-test design...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443717/anticipating-and-training-the-physician-of-the-future-the-importance-of-caring-in-an-age-of-artificial-intelligence
#6
S Claiborne Johnston
Artificial intelligence and other forms of information technology are only just beginning to change the practice of medicine. The pace of change is expected to accelerate as tools improve and as demands for analyzing a rapidly growing body of knowledge and array of data increase. The medical students of today will practice in a world where information technology is sophisticated and omnipresent. In this world, the tasks of memorization and analysis will be less important to them as practicing physicians. On the other hand, the non-analytical, humanistic aspects of medicine-most importantly, the art of caring-will remain a critical function of the physician, and facility with improving systems of care will be required...
February 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435394/mentor-mentee-relationship-a-win-win-contract-in-graduate-medical-education
#7
EDITORIAL
Hale Z Toklu, Jacklyn C Fuller
Scholarly activities (i.e., the discovery of new knowledge; development of new technologies, methods, materials, or uses; integration of knowledge leading to new understanding) are intended to measure the quality and quantity of dissemination of knowledge. A successful mentorship program is necessary during residency to help residents achieve the six core competencies (patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, systems-based practice, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills) required by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME)...
December 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429606/challenges-implementing-lung-cancer-screening-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#8
Steven B Zeliadt, Richard M Hoffman, Genevieve Birkby, Jan M Eberth, Alison T Brenner, Daniel S Reuland, Susan A Flocke
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to identify issues faced by Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) in implementing lung cancer screening in low-resource settings. METHODS: Medical directors of 258 FQHCs serving communities with tobacco use prevalence above the median of all 1,202 FQHCs nationally were sampled to participate in a web-based survey. Data were collected between August and October 2016. Data analysis was completed in June 2017. RESULTS: There were 112 (43%) FQHC medical directors or surrogates who responded to the 2016 survey...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425890/the-top-medical-education-studies-of-2016-a-narrative-review
#9
REVIEW
H Barrett Fromme, Michael S Ryan, Alix Darden, Donna D'Alessandro, Leora Mogilner, Steven Paik, Teri L Turner
Education, like clinical medicine, should be based on the most current evidence in the field. Unfortunately, medical educators can be overwhelmed by the sheer volume and range of resources for this literature. This article provides an overview of 15 articles from 2016 that the authors consider the top articles in the field of pediatric medical education. The seven authors, all medical educators with combined leadership and expertise across the continuum of pediatric medical education, used an interative, three-stage process to review more than 6339 abstracts published in 2016...
February 6, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424623/interprofessional-education-day-an-evaluation-of-an-introductory-experience-for-first-year-students
#10
Zachary Singer, Kevin Fung, Elaine Lillie, Jennifer McLeod, Grace Scott, Peng You, Krista Helleman
Interprofessional health care teams have been shown to improve patient safety and reduce medical errors, among other benefits. Introducing interprofessional concepts to students in full day events is an established model that allows students to learn together. Our group developed an academic day for first-year students devoted to an introductory interprofessional education (IPE) experience, 'IPE Day'. In total, 438 students representing medicine, dentistry, pharmacy and optometry gathered together, along with 25 facilitators, for IPE Day...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422222/rating-teams-non-technical-skills-in-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study-of-nurses-experience
#11
Joanne E Porter, Robyn P Cant, Simon J Cooper
INTRODUCTION: Non-technical skills (NTS) teamwork training can enhance clinicians' understanding of roles and improve communication. We evaluated a quality improvement project rating teams' NTS performance to determine the value of formal rating and debriefing processes. METHODS: In two Australian emergency departments the NTS of resuscitation teams were rated by senior nurses and medical staff. Key measures were leadership, teamwork, and task management using a valid instrument: Team Emergency Assessment Measure (TEAM™)...
February 5, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422161/expectations-and-perceptions-of-clients-concerning-the-quality-of-care-provided-at-a-brazilian-hospital-facility
#12
Isabel Amélia Costa Mendes, Maria Auxiliadora Trevizan, Simone de Godoy, Paula Cristina Nogueira, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Claudia Elizangela Bis Furlan
PURPOSE: To identify the expectations and perceptions of clients concerning the quality of hospital care provided to them and their respective companions at a private Brazilian hospital using SERVQUAL. The SERVQUAL questionnaire can provide information concerning expectations and perceptions of clients. In addition, it is able to identify the participation of frontline employees and how they contribute to the organization's end product (service delivery). METHODS: In total, 172 inpatients for surgical reasons answered the SERVQUAL questionnaire...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419459/snmmi-leadership-update-strengthening-outreach-to-patients-and-the-medical-community
#13
Virginia Pappas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415798/towards-a-strategy-for-clinical-quality-registries-in-australia
#14
Susannah Ahern, Sue Evans, Ingrid Hopper, John Zalcberg
The healthcare value of Australian clinical quality registries (CQRs) has recently been highlighted by the Australian Commission of Safety and Quality in Health Care (ACSQHC) as being similar to the benefits of CQRs reported internationally. However, the development of CQRs in Australia is currently limited by a lack of coordination and strategic planning, leading to governance and funding processes that are varied and non-sustainable. Despite this, Australia has achieved recognised success with exemplar clinical registries where funding has been sustained at least partly by public funds...
February 8, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412098/leadership-in-crisis-situations-merging-the-interdisciplinary-silos
#15
Hugo Paquin, Ilana Bank, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen, Rachel Fisher, Peter Nugus
Purpose Complex clinical situations, involving multiple medical specialists, create potential for tension or lack of clarity over leadership roles and may result in miscommunication, errors and poor patient outcomes. Even though copresence has been shown to overcome some differences among team members, the coordination literature provides little guidance on the relationship between coordination and leadership in highly specialized health settings. The purpose of this paper is to determine how different specialties involved in critical medical situations perceive the role of a leader and its contribution to effective crisis management, to better define leadership and improve interdisciplinary leadership and education...
February 5, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412068/assessing-the-perceptions-and-attitudes-among-geriatric-resource-nurses-evaluating-the-niche-program-at-a-large-academic-medical-center
#16
Peri Rosenfeld, Gary Kwok, Kimberly Glassman
The national Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders (NICHE) program and the geriatric resource nurse (GRN) model promote training a geriatric nursing workforce to serve in hospitals and elsewhere. Literature exists on the NICHE program but this is the first to study the opinions, attitudes, and perceptions of GRNs in practice. Our organization's hybrid GRN model, first adopted in 1999, combines materials from national NICHE program with homegrown resources and has GRNs practicing in a wide range of clinical specialties...
February 7, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409651/a-group-level-approach-to-analyzing-participative-ergonomics-pe-effectiveness-the-relationship-between-pe-dimensions-and-employee-exposure-to-injuries
#17
Ido Morag, Gil Luria
Most studies concerned with participative ergonomic (PE) interventions, focus on organizational rather than group level analysis. By implementing an intervention at a manufacturing plant, the current study, utilizing advanced information systems, measured the effect of line-supervisor leadership on employee exposure to risks. The study evaluated which PE dimensions (i.e., extent of workforce involvement, diversity of reporter role types and scope of analysis) are related to such exposure at the group level...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406837/optimization-of-medication-use-at-accountable-care-organizations
#18
Chrisanne Wilks, Erik Krisle, Kimberly Westrich, Kristina Lunner, David Muhlestein, Robert Dubois
BACKGROUND: Optimized medication use involves the effective use of medications for better outcomes, improved patient experience, and lower costs. Few studies systematically gather data on the actions accountable care organizations (ACOs) have taken to optimize medication use. OBJECTIVES: To (a) assess how ACOs optimize medication use; (b) establish an association between efforts to optimize medication use and achievement on financial and quality metrics; (c) identify organizational factors that correlate with optimized medication use; and (d) identify barriers to optimized medication use...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403611/nurses-perspective-on-spiritual-leadership-a-qualitative-study-based-on-fry-s-spiritual-leadership-model
#19
Parivash Jahandar, Mansoureh Zagheri Tafreshi, Maryam Rassouli, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Amir Kavousi
Background: Spiritual leadership and spirituality in organizations have the capacity to develop individual and organizational outcomes. This concept, as a newly established paradigm, has many ambiguities and definitions highly affected by cultural contexts. Objective: This study aimed at determining the concept of spiritual leadership from nurses' perspective and recognizing aspects of spiritual leadership model in the Iranian nurses' sociocultural context, to achieve a common and comprehensive understanding of the concept under study...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403326/levers-of-change-a-review-of-contemporary-interventions-to-enhance-diversity-in-medical-schools-in-the-usa
#20
Alexis Danielle Vick, Aaron Baugh, Julie Lambert, Allison A Vanderbilt, Evan Ingram, Richard Garcia, Reginald F Baugh
A growing body of research illustrates the importance of aligning efforts across the operational continuum to achieve diversity goals. This alignment begins with the institutional mission and the message it conveys about the priorities of the institution to potential applicants, community, staff, and faculty. The traditional themes of education, research, and service dominate most medical school mission statements. The emerging themes of physician maldistribution, overall primary-care physician shortage, diversity, and cost control are cited less frequently...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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