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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#1
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219315/near-peers-improve-patient-safety-training-in-the-preclinical-curriculum
#2
Sally R Raty, Cayla R Teal, Elizabeth A Nelson, Anne C Gill
BACKGROUND: Accrediting bodies require medical schools to teach patient safety and residents to develop teaching skills in patient safety. We created a patient safety course in the preclinical curriculum and used continuous quality improvement to make changes over time. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of resident teaching on student perceptions of a Patient Safety course. DESIGN: Using the Institute for Healthcare Improvement patient safety curriculum as a frame, the course included the seven IHI modules, large group lectures and small group facilitated discussions...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218935/family-medicine-global-health-fellowship-competencies-a-modified-delphi-study
#3
Fadya El Rayess, Anna Filip, Anna Doubeni, Calvin Wilson, Cynthia Haq, Marc Debay, Gowri Anandarajah, Warren Heffron, Neil Jayasekera, Paul Larson, Bruce Dahlman, Olga Valdman, Vince Hunt
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Many US medical schools and family medicine departments have responded to a growing interest in global health by developing global health fellowships. However, there are no guidelines or consensus statements outlining competencies for global health fellows. Our objective was to develop a mission and core competencies for Family Medicine Global Health Fellowships. METHODS: A modified Delphi technique was used to develop consensus on fellowship competencies...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218340/world-health-organization-global-disability-action-plan-the-mongolian-perspective
#4
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Baljnnyam Avirmed, Yoon Kyoung Yi, Batchimeg Shirmen, Geoff Abbott, Mary P Galea
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on disability and rehabilitation in Mongolia, and to identify potential barriers and facilitators for implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) Global Disability Action Plan (GDAP). METHODS: A 4-member rehabilitation team from the Royal Melbourne Hospital conducted an intensive 6-day workshop at the Mongolian National University of Medical Sciences, for local healthcare professionals (n = 77) from medical rehabilitation facilities (urban/rural, public/private) and non-governmental organizations...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209605/do-failures-in-non-technical-skills-contribute-to-fatal-medical-accidents-in-japan-a-review-of-the-2010-2013-national-accident-reports
#5
Masashi Uramatsu, Yoshikazu Fujisawa, Shinya Mizuno, Takahiro Souma, Akinori Komatsubara, Tamotsu Miki
OBJECTIVES: We sought to clarify how large a proportion of fatal medical accidents can be considered to be caused by poor non-technical skills, and to support development of a policy to reduce number of such accidents by making recommendations about possible training requirements. DESIGN: Summaries of reports of fatal medical accidents, published by the Japan Medical Safety Research Organization, were reviewed individually. Three experienced clinicians and one patient safety expert conducted the reviews to determine the cause of death...
February 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205017/equipping-future-doctors-incorporating-management-and-leadership-into-medical-curriculums-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Aniket Sonsale, Reshma Bharamgoudar
Throughout their careers, doctors are likely to come across complex management and leadership scenarios that many would not have had prior training in. Expectations of doctors are rising and it is becoming increasingly necessary to be able to astutely handle a variety of situations. Medical curricula must reflect this change and adapt to include the teaching of key management and leadership skills. Despite budgeting pressures, the National Health Service continues to spend vast sums of money on external management consultants...
February 15, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198724/engaging-learners-to-advance-medical-education
#7
Jesse Burk-Rafel, R Logan Jones, Janice L Farlow
Learners are a pillar of academic medicine, yet their voice is seldom heard in national and international scholarly conversations on medical education. However, learners are eager to contribute: in response to a recent open call from Academic Medicine, medical students and residents representing 98 institutions across 11 countries submitted 224 Letters to the Editor on wide-ranging topics. In this Invited Commentary, the authors-three medical students serving in national leadership roles-contextualize several themes discussed in these learner-authored letters...
February 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194206/evaluating-performance-of-the-operational-managers-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-service-providing-wards
#8
Zahra Parvaresh, Ashraf Kazemi, Soheila Ehsanpour, Haniye Sadat Sajadi
BACKGROUND: The goal of hospitals, as the most important health care providing centers, is to improve the health level of the society. Achieving this goal is directly related with performance of the managers. This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of operational managers of obstetrics and gynecology service providing wards from the point of view of the staff at educational hospitals of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, target population comprised all supervisors and the staff working at obstetrics and gynecology and maternity wards...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193748/medical-students-unique-experience-of-army-leadership-training-a-qualitative-study
#9
John Earis, J Garner, D Haddock, J Jenkins, V Jha
OBJECTIVES: To assess the interactive experience of first year medical students attending the leadership and management course hosted by a British Army Reserve Field Hospital developed in partnership with Liverpool University. METHODS: 244 students submitted a 1000-word structured reflective learning assignment about their reaction to, learning from and any behaviour and attitude changes as a result of, the training. The assignments were thematically analysed to identify how aspects of the training had impacted upon the students' understanding of leadership and teamwork...
February 13, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187772/integrating-consumer-engagement-in-health-and-medical-research-an-australian-framework
#10
Caroline L Miller, Kathy Mott, Michael Cousins, Stephanie Miller, Anne Johnson, Tony Lawson, Steve Wesselingh
BACKGROUND: Quality practice of consumer engagement is still in its infancy in many sectors of medical research. The South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) identified, early in its development, the opportunity to integrate evidence-driven consumer and community engagement into its operations. PROCESS: SAHMRI partnered with Health Consumers Alliance and consumers in evidence generation. A Partnership Steering Committee of researchers and consumers was formed for the project...
February 10, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187747/using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-cfir-to-produce-actionable-findings-a-rapid-cycle-evaluation-approach-to-improving-implementation
#11
Rosalind E Keith, Jesse C Crosson, Ann S O'Malley, DeAnn Cromp, Erin Fries Taylor
BACKGROUND: Much research does not address the practical needs of stakeholders responsible for introducing health care delivery interventions into organizations working to achieve better outcomes. In this article, we present an approach to using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to guide systematic research that supports rapid-cycle evaluation of the implementation of health care delivery interventions and produces actionable evaluation findings intended to improve implementation in a timely manner...
February 10, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184318/training-in-quality-improvement-for-the-next-generation-of-psychiatrists
#12
Elizabeth Ewins, Rob Macpherson, Geoff van der Linden, Stephen Arnott
Quality improvement (QI) projects have been shown to positively influence patient care. They provide opportunities for trainees to present and publish their work locally and nationally, and to gain valuable leadership and management experience. We describe a pilot project to engage in QI trainees across a National Health Service trust and a school of psychiatry. After the first year of this programme over half of psychiatry trainees in the school (58% of core trainees and 47% of advanced trainees) are participating in 28 individual QI projects and QI project methodology is to become embedded in the core psychiatry training course...
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183414/transitioning-from-medical-educator-to-scholarship-in-medical-education
#13
Alix G Darden, Stephanie D DeLeon
Clinician educators spend most of their time in clinical practice, educating trainees in all types of care settings. Many are involved in formal teaching, curriculum development and learner assessment while holding educational leadership roles as well. Finding time to engage in scholarly work that can be presented and published is an academic expectation, but also a test of efficiency. Just as clinical research originates from problems related to patients, so should educational research originate from issues related to educating the next generation of doctors...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176931/confident-but-not-theoretically-grounded-experienced-simulation-educators-perceptions-of-their-own-professional-development
#14
Renée Allvin, Magnus Berndtzon, Liisa Carlzon, Samuel Edelbring, Håkan Hult, Magnus Hultin, Klas Karlgren, Italo Masiello, Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Éva Tamás
BACKGROUND: Medical simulation enables the design of learning activities for competency areas (eg, communication and leadership) identified as crucial for future health care professionals. Simulation educators and medical teachers follow different career paths, and their education backgrounds and teaching contexts may be very different in a simulation setting. Although they have a key role in facilitating learning, information on the continuing professional development (pedagogical development) of simulation educators is not available in the literature...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173823/effectiveness-of-a-clinical-practice-change-intervention-in-increasing-the-provision-of-nicotine-dependence-treatment-in-inpatient-psychiatric-facilities-an-implementation-trial
#15
Paula M Wye, Emily A Stockings, Jenny A Bowman, Chris Oldmeadow, John H Wiggers
BACKGROUND: Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending the routine provision of nicotine dependence treatment to smokers in inpatient psychiatric facilities, the prevalence of such treatment provision is low. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a clinical practice change intervention in increasing clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment to patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities. METHODS: We undertook an interrupted time series analysis of nicotine dependence treatment provision before, during and after a clinical practice change intervention to increase clinician recorded provision of nicotine dependence treatment for all hospital discharges (aged >18 years, N = 4175) over a 19 month period in two inpatient adult psychiatric facilities in New South Wales, Australia...
February 7, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173796/identification-of-factors-that-support-successful-implementation-of-care-bundles-in-the-acute-medical-setting-a-qualitative-study
#16
Stuart A Green, Derek Bell, Nicholas Mays
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines offer an accessible synthesis of the best evidence of effectiveness of interventions, providing recommendations and standards for clinical practice. Many guidelines are relevant to the diagnosis and management of the acutely unwell patient during the first 24-48 h of admission. Care bundles are comprised of a small number of evidence-based interventions that when implemented together aim to achieve better outcomes than when implemented individually. Care bundles that are explicitly developed from guidelines to provide a set of related evidence-based actions have been shown to improve the care of many conditions in emergency, acute and critical care settings...
February 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165295/trainee-wellness-why-it-matters-and-how-to-promote-it
#17
Michelle Sharp, Kristin M Burkart
Wellness is critical to physicians in training and the general physician workforce. Currently physicians in general and especially intensive care unit physicians are experiencing high rates of depression and burnout. The prevalence of burnout is greatest in resident and fellow trainees. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education has recognized the importance of physician wellness by proposing Common Program Requirements that pertain to trainee and faculty well-being. Several individual-focused, organizational, and structural strategies have been described in the literature as helpful in decreasing burnout...
February 6, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161302/-professionalism-values-and-competences-in-specialized-medical-training
#18
N Giménez, J Alcaraz, M Gavagnach, R Kazan, A Arévalo, M Rodríguez-Carballeira
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perception of healthcare professionals (tutors, residents and teaching collaborators) involved in specialist medical training on the core values and skills to develop their tasks. METHODS: A tailor-made questionnaire aimed at healthcare professionals in 9health care centres and a referral hospital. Questionnaire: 4 sections and 51 variables (scale 1-10). RESULTS: A total of 287 professionals participated, which included 97% tutors (n=59), 38% residents (n=61), and 56% others (97 teaching collaborators and 70 not associated with teaching)...
February 1, 2017: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159132/-if-really-we-are-committed-things-can-change-starting-from-us-healthcare-providers-perceptions-of-postpartum-care-and-its-potential-for-improvement-in-low-income-suburbs-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#19
Eunice N Pallangyo, Columba Mbekenga, Carina Källestål, Christine Rubertsson, Pia Olsson
OBJECTIVE: To explore healthcare providers' perceptions of the current postpartum care (PPC) practice and its potential for improvement at governmental health institutions in low-resource suburbs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. DESIGN: Qualitative design, using focus group discussions (8) and qualitative content analysis. SETTING: Healthcare institutions (8) at three levels of governmental healthcare in Ilala and Temeke suburbs, Dar es Salaam...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157830/designing-a-physician-leadership-development-program-based-on-effective-models-of-physician-education
#20
Joseph Hopkins, Magali Fassiotto, Manwai Candy Ku, Dagem Mammo, Hannah Valantine
BACKGROUND: Because of modern challenges in quality, safety, patient centeredness, and cost, health care is evolving to adopt leadership practices of highly effective organizations. Traditional physician training includes little focus on developing leadership skills, which necessitates further training to achieve the potential of collaborative management. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to design a leadership program using established models for continuing medical education and to assess its impact on participants' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and performance...
February 2, 2017: Health Care Management Review
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