keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

IgD

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142560/changes-in-empathy-during-medical-education-an-example-from-turkey
#1
Fusun Artiran Igde, Mustafa Kursat Sahin
Objective: Empathy is a key element of patient- physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. In this study we aimed to present the Turkey example for the empathy change during the medical faculty training. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Samsun, Turkey. in first three years students of medicine during September 2014 to June 2015...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137493/tolerance-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-need-for-increasing-gaming-time-or-something-else
#2
Daniel L King, Madeleine C E Herd, Paul H Delfabbro
Background and aims The criterion of tolerance in DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder (IGD) refers to a need for increasing time spent gaming. However, this focus on "need for gaming time" may overlook some of the broader motivations, outcomes, or effects of gaming that underlie excessive play. This study aimed to explore regular and problematic gamers' experiences and perceptions of tolerance in IGD. Methods An online survey of 630 adult gamers yielded 1,417 text responses to open-ended questions. A thematic analysis of 23,373 words was conducted to extract dominant themes...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130329/investigating-the-differential-effects-of-social-networking-site-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder-on-psychological-health
#3
Halley M Pontes
Background and aims Previous studies focused on examining the interrelationships between social networking site (SNS) addiction and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) in isolation. Moreover, little is known about the potential simultaneous differential effects of SNS addiction and IGD on psychological health. This study investigated the interplay between these two technological addictions and ascertained how they can uniquely and distinctively contribute to increasing psychiatric distress when accounting for potential effects stemming from sociodemographic and technology-related variables...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130328/established-risk-factors-for-addiction-fail-to-discriminate-between-healthy-gamers-and-gamers-endorsing-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#4
Jory Deleuze, Filip Nuyens, Lucien Rochat, Stéphane Rothen, Pierre Maurage, Joël Billieux
Background and aims The DSM-5 includes criteria for diagnosing Internet gaming disorder (IGD) that are adapted from substance abuse and widely used in research and clinical contexts, although evidence supporting their validity remains scarce. This study compared online gamers who do or do not endorse IGD criteria regarding self-control-related abilities (impulsivity, inhibitory control, and decision-making), considered the hallmarks of addictive behaviors. Method A double approach was adopted to distinguish pathological from recreational gamers: The first is the classic DSM-5 approach (≥5 criteria required to endorse the IGD diagnosis), and the second consists in using latent class analysis (LCA) for IGD criteria to distinguish gamers' subgroups...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115711/linear-precision-glycomacromolecules-with-varying-interligand-spacing-and-linker-functionalities-binding-to-concanavalin-a-and-the-bacterial-lectin-fimh
#5
Sinaida Igde, Susanna Röblitz, Anne Müller, Katharina Kolbe, Sophia Boden, Claudia Fessele, Thisbe K Lindhorst, Marcus Weber, Laura Hartmann
A series of precision glycomacromolecules is prepared following previously established solid phase synthesis allowing for controlled variations of interligand spacing and the overall number of carbohydrate ligands. In addition, now also different linkers are installed between the carbohydrate ligand and the macromolecular scaffold. The lectin binding behavior of these glycomacromolecules is then evaluated in isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) and kinITC experiments using the lectin Concanavalin A (Con A) in its dimeric and tetrameric form...
November 8, 2017: Macromolecular Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115655/delayed-bipedicled-flap-an-alternative-and-new-method-for-reconstruction-of-distal-leg-defect-after-gunshot-trauma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ali Rıza Yıldırım, Murat İğde, Mehmet Onur Öztürk, Hasan Murat Ergani, Ramazan Erkin Ünlü
Shotgun injury is a trauma that leads to soft tissue defects, in which important structures such as the tendon and bone are exposed with fractures in the distal lower extremity. Because this region has insufficient soft tissue support, local flap options are highly limited. Although the most suitable options are free or perforator flaps for contemporarily reconstructing that region; owing to such highenergy traumas, the available local flaps are becoming more suitable. Besides having various advantages, bipedicled flaps are commonly used for reconstructing small- and medium-sized lower extremity defects...
November 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112067/memory-b-cell-dysregulation-in-hiv-1-infected-individuals
#7
Jorge Carrillo, Eugenia Negredo, Jordi Puig, Luis Manuel Molinos-Albert, Maria Luisa Rodríguez de la Concepción, Marta Curriu, Marta Massanella, Jordi Navarro, Manel Crespo, Ester Viñets, Fuensanta Millá, Bonaventura Clotet, Julià Blanco
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the effect of the HIV-1 infection and antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the human memory B (MEB) cell compartment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was designed to analyze MEB cells of HIV-1+ ART-treated and ART-naïve subjects, and uninfected individuals. METHODS: Frequency and absolute counts of MEB cell subsets in blood were determined by multicolor flow cytometry. Spontaneous cell death and B cell proliferative capacity was evaluated in vitro by cell culture and flow cytometry...
November 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108899/kallmann-syndrome-phenotype-and-genotype-of-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#8
M I Stamou, N A Georgopoulos
Isolated Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Deficiency (IGD) IGD is a genetically and clinically heterogeneous disorder. Mutations in many different genes are able to explain ~40% of the causes of IGD, with the rest of cases remaining genetically uncharacterized. While most mutations are inherited in X-linked, autosomal dominant, or autosomal recessive pattern, several IGD genes are shown to interact with each other in an oligogenic manner. In addition, while the genes involved in the pathogenesis of IGD act on either neurodevelopmental or neuroendocrine pathways, a subset of genes are involved in both pathways, acting as "overlap genes"...
November 3, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104555/merging-theoretical-models-and-therapy-approaches-in-the-context-of-internet-gaming-disorder-a-personal-perspective
#9
REVIEW
Kimberly S Young, Matthias Brand
Although, it is not yet officially recognized as a clinical entity which is diagnosable, Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been included in section III for further study in the DSM-5 by the American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013). This is important because there is increasing evidence that people of all ages, in particular teens and young adults, are facing very real and sometimes very severe consequences in daily life resulting from an addictive use of online games. This article summarizes general aspects of IGD including diagnostic criteria and arguments for the classification as an addictive disorder including evidence from neurobiological studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102686/functional-and-structural-neural-alterations-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yuan-Wei Yao, Lu Liu, Shan-Shan Ma, Xin-Hui Shi, Nan Zhou, Jin-Tao Zhang, Marc N Potenza
This meta-analytic study aimed to identify the common and specific neural alterations in Internet gaming disorder (IGD) across different domains and modalities. Two separate meta-analyses for functional neural activation and gray-matter volume were conducted. Sub-meta-analyses for the domains of reward, cold-executive, and hot-executive functions were also performed, respectively. IGD subjects, compared with healthy controls, showed: (1) hyperactivation in the anterior and posterior cingulate cortices, caudate, posterior inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), which were mainly associated with studies measuring reward and cold-executive functions; and, (2) hypoactivation in the anterior IFG in relation to hot-executive function, the posterior insula, somatomotor and somatosensory cortices in relation to reward function...
November 2, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093038/internet-gaming-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
REVIEW
Douglas A Gentile, Kira Bailey, Daphne Bavelier, Jeanne Funk Brockmyer, Hilarie Cash, Sarah M Coyne, Andrew Doan, Donald S Grant, C Shawn Green, Mark Griffiths, Tracy Markle, Nancy M Petry, Sara Prot, Cosette D Rae, Florian Rehbein, Michael Rich, Dave Sullivan, Elizabeth Woolley, Kimberly Young
The American Psychiatric Association recently included Internet gaming disorder (IGD) as a potential diagnosis, recommending that further study be conducted to help illuminate it more clearly. This paper is a summary of the review undertaken by the IGD Working Group as part of the 2015 National Academy of Sciences Sackler Colloquium on Digital Media and Developing Minds. By using measures based on or similar to the IGD definition, we found that prevalence rates range between ∼1% and 9%, depending on age, country, and other sample characteristics...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073748/comparing-the-effects-of-bupropion-and-escitalopram-on-excessive-internet-game-play-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#12
Beomwoo Nam, Sujin Bae, Sun Mi Kim, Ji Seon Hong, Doug Hyun Han
Objective: Several studies have suggested the efficacy of bupropion and escitalopram on reducing the excessive internet game play. We hypothesized that both bupropion and escitalopram would be effective on reducing the severity of depressive symptoms and internet gaming disorder (IGD) symptoms in patients with both major depressive disorder and IGD. However, the changes in brain connectivity between the default mode network (DMN) and the salience network were different between bupropion and escitalopram due to their different pharmacodynamics...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070774/bone-marrow-endothelial-cells-induce-immature-and-mature-b-cell-egress-in-response-to-erythropoietin
#13
Takeshi Ito, Yoko Hamazaki, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo, Nagahiro Minato
Bone marrow stromal cells, including endothelial cells and mesenchymal stromal cells, support the maintenance, differentiation, and retention of hematopoietic stem and precursor cells under steady state conditions. At the onset of an emergency, such as severe blood loss or infection, the status of hematopoiesis in the bone marrow changes rapidly to ensure efficient production of cells of specific lineages; however, the function of stromal cells in emergency hematopoiesis has not been fully elucidated. Here, we unexpectedly found that B precursor, mature B, and T cells were released from the bone marrow into the blood circulation in the early phase of hemorrhagic anemia and phenylhydrazine-induced hemolytic anemia...
October 25, 2017: Cell Structure and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061446/increased-proportion-of-a-cd38-high-igd-b-cell-subset-in-peripheral-blood-is-associated-with-clinical-and-immunological-features-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome
#14
Eriko Ishioka-Takei, Keiko Yoshimoto, Katsuya Suzuki, Ayumi Nishikawa, Hidekata Yasuoka, Kunihiro Yamaoka, Tsutomu Takeuchi
We investigated the correlation between the increased proportion of peripheral B cell subsets and clinical and immunological features in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). We found that the proportion of CD19(+) B cells was significantly increased in pSS as compared with HC and was correlated with serum IgG levels. Moreover, in vitro IgG production by CD19(+) B cells was significantly increased in pSS and was positively and significantly correlated with serum IgG levels. FACS analysis revealed that the proportions of peripherally CD38(high)IgD(+) B cells and CD38(high)IgD(-) B cells were significantly increased in pSS...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054490/cd21-lo-med-cd27-proinflammatory-b-cells-are-enriched-in-breast-cancer-patients-and-promote-antitumor-t-cell-responses
#15
Shiguang Zhu, Xingmiao Wang, Ji Wang, Jun Lin, Yizi Cong, Guangdong Qiao
Breast cancer is a common malignancy and a major cause of death in women worldwide. The immunomodulatory role of B cells is being increasingly recognized in autoimmune diseases and cancers. In recent years, immunotherapeutic strategies that upregulate the patient's own antitumor T cell responses have shown promise in treating solid tumors and are being developed for breast cancer. In this study, we discovered that the B cells in breast cancer patients were enriched with interferon (IFN)-γ-expressing cells and presented high potency for IFN-γ production...
October 18, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053520/plastic-surgery-management-of-victims-of-terrorist-violence-in-ankara-turkey
#16
Murat İğde, Ahmet Kaplan
Terror attacks have been progressively increasing worldwide through the present era. The management of the consequences of terrorism events is under debate in almost every scientific area. The organization and advancement of health services constitute important components of the crisis management. Similar to other specialty areas in medicine, the medical management of terrorist attacks is becoming important in terms of plastic and reconstructive surgery.Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has been subject to 2 terrorist events in public places within a year...
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052999/impulsivity-and-compulsivity-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-comparison-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#17
Yeon-Jin Kim, Jae A Lim, Ji Yoon Lee, Sohee Oh, Sung Nyun Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jong Eun Ha, Jun Soo Kwon, Jung-Seok Choi
Background and aims Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is characterized by a loss of control and a preoccupation with Internet games leading to repetitive behavior. We aimed to compare the baseline neuropsychological profiles in IGD, alcohol use disorder (AUD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in the spectrum of impulsivity and compulsivity. Methods A total of 225 subjects (IGD, N = 86; AUD, N = 39; OCD, N = 23; healthy controls, N = 77) were administered traditional neuropsychological tests including Korean version of the Stroop Color-Word test and computerized neuropsychological tests, including the stop signal test (SST) and the intra-extra dimensional set shift test (IED)...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045964/-increased-serum-c-c-chemokine-ligand-19-levels-correlated-with-b-cell-abnormalities-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
H J Liu, L J Shi, F L Hu, H H Yao, Z G Li, Y Jia
OBJECTIVE: To detect the levels of serum C-C chemokine ligand 19 (CCL19) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to evaluate the correlation between CCL19 expression and clinical features and laboratory parameters, trying to reveal the possible role of CCL19 in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: The levels of serum CCL19 were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 90 patients with SLE and 30 healthy controls...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039224/comparison-of-brain-connectivity-between-internet-gambling-disorder-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-preliminary-study
#19
Sujin Bae, Doug Hyun Han, Jaebum Jung, Ki Chun Nam, Perry F Renshaw
Background and aims Given the similarities in clinical symptoms, Internet gaming disorder (IGD) is thought to be diagnostically similar to Internet-based gambling disorder (ibGD). However, cognitive enhancement and educational use of Internet gaming suggest that the two disorders derive from different neurobiological mechanisms. The goal of this study was to compare subjects with ibGD to those with IGD. Methods Fifteen patients with IGD, 14 patients with ibGD, and 15 healthy control subjects were included in this study...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034528/patients-with-a-new-variant-of-endemic-pemphigus-foliaceus-have-autoantibodies-against-arrector-pili-muscle-colocalizing-with-myzap-p0071-desmoplakins-1-and-2-and-arvcf
#20
A M Abreu-Velez, C A Valencia-Yepes, Y A Upegui-Zapata, E Upegui-Quiceno, N R Mesa-Herrera, J E Velazquez-Velez, M S Howard
BACKGROUND: We identified a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus in El Bagre, Colombia, South America, which we term El Bagre-EPF, and observed reactivity to arrector pili muscle (APM), thus we tested for autoimmunity to APM. METHODS: We took skin biopsies from 30 patients with El Bagre-EPF and 30 healthy controls (HCs) matched by age, sex and occupation, who were all from the endemic area, and tested these using direct immunofluorescence (DIF), confocal microscopy, immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting (IB)...
October 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
keyword
keyword
19692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"