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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902826/anterior-cervical-fusion-with-stand-alone-trabecular-metal-cages-to-treat-cervical-myelopathy-caused-by-degenerative-disk-disease-observations-in-88-cases-with-minimum-12-month-follow-up
#1
Luciano Mastronardi, Raffaelino Roperto, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Francesco Calvosa
BACKGROUND:  Anterior cervical fusion (ACF) with autologous bone was reported > 50 years ago. The continuous development of materials with elastic properties close to that of the cortical bone improves induction of osteogenesis and simplifies the technique of interbody fusion. To determine the safety and efficiency of stand-alone trabecular metal (TM) (or porous tantalum) cages for ACF, we performed a retrospective analysis of 88 consecutive patients with one-level or two-level degenerative disk disease (DDD) causing cervical myelopathy treated by interbody fusion with stand-alone TM cages...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896329/detection-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-integrons-among-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-southwestern-iran
#2
Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Niloofar Zahedian Nezhad, Hamid Heidari, Ashkan Motamedifar, Mohammad Motamedifar
Objectives: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most prevalent infectious diseases and can lead to a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The emergence of multiple-drug resistant strains, particularly extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) producing strains, has become a global healthcare concern. Our study sought to investigate the antimicrobial resistance pattern and presence of integrons and fimH determinants among uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates obtained from hospitalized Iranian patients...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894675/-features-of-red-blood-indexes-in-elderly-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-and-pathology-of-heart-valves-before-and-after-surgical-correction
#3
L A Nikolenko, E S Shopova, E S Golovneva, E S Nikolenko
Due to current options of cardiac surgery, operations on the heart of elderly patients have become routine in specialized cardiosurgical centers. The issue of pre- and postoperative anemia of different nature is essential in surgical correction of heart valves and coronary bypass. AIM: To study indexes of red blood in elderly patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and pathology of heart valves before and after surgical correction, including the relationship with position and type of the prosthesis...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869276/doris-brotz-michael-weller-physical-therapy-for-intervertebral-disk-disease-a-practical-guide-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-thieme-verlag-new-york-stuttgart-delhi-rio-de-janeiro-2016-220-pp-160-figs-softcover-kt-with-e-book-eur-d-59-99-eur-a-61-70-chf-69-00-isbn
#4
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845930/increasing-macrolide-resistance-among-streptococcus-agalactiae-causing-invasive-disease-in-non-pregnant-adults-was-driven-by-a-single-capsular-transformed-lineage-portugal-2009-to-2015
#5
Elísia Lopes, Tânia Fernandes, Miguel P Machado, João André Carriço, José Melo-Cristino, Mário Ramirez, Elisabete R Martins
We characterised Lancefield group B streptococcal (GBS) isolates causing invasive disease among non-pregnant adults in Portugal between 2009 and 2015. All isolates (n = 555) were serotyped, assigned to clonal complexes (CCs) by multilocus sequence typing and characterised by surface protein and pilus island gene profiling. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by disk diffusion and resistance genotypes identified by PCR. Overall, serotype Ia was most frequent in the population (31%), followed by serotypes Ib (24%) and V (18%)...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29801164/changes-in-intervertebral-disk-mechanical-behavior-during-early-degeneration
#6
Cornelis P L Paul, Kaj S Emanuel, Idsart Kingma, Albert J van der Veen, Roderick M Holewijn, Pieter-Paul A Vergroesen, Peter M van de Ven, Margriet G Mullender, Marco N Helder, Theodoor H Smit
Intervertebral disk (IVD) degeneration is commonly described by loss of height and hydration. However, in the first stage of IVD degeneration, this loss has not yet occurred. In the current study, we use an ex vivo degeneration model to analyze the changes in IVDs mechanical behavior in the first phase of degeneration. We characterize these changes by stretched-exponential fitting, and suggest the fitted parameters as markers for early degeneration. Enzymatic degeneration of healthy lumbar caprine IVDs was induced by injecting 100 μL of Chondroïtinase ABC (Cabc) into the nucleus...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798587/-short-term-effectiveness-of-accurate-decompression-via-foraminoplasty-in-treatment-of-lumbar-lateral-recess-stenosis
#7
Yu Wang, Qingquan Kong, Yueming Song
Objective: To discuss the effectiveness and the safety of accurate decompression via foraminoplasty in treating lumbar lateral recess stenosis patients who accompanied by disk-flavum ligamentum space and bony lateral recess stenosis, and to analysis the short-term effectiveness of the surgical procedures. Methods: Forty-five lumbar lateral recess stenosis patients accompanied by disk-flavum ligamentum space and bony lateral recess stenosis were treated by accurate decompression via foraminoplasty between January 2013 and January 2016...
November 1, 2017: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787582/determination-of-red-blood-cell-deformability-using-centrifugal-force-in-a-three-dimensional-printed-mini-disk-3d-pmd
#8
Hyunjung Lim, Seung Min Back, Jeonghun Nam, Hyuk Choi
Measuring red blood cell (RBC) deformability has become important for clinical disease diagnostics. Various methods for measuring RBC deformability have been developed; however, they require costly and large instruments, long measuring time, and skilled personnel. In this study, we present a three-dimensional-printed mini-disk (3D-PMD) for measuring RBC deformability to overcome the previous limitations. For a miniaturized and low-cost setup, the 3D-PMD was fabricated by a 3D printing technique, which had not yet been used for fabricating a lab-on-a-compact disk (LOCD)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782471/new-approach-in-acne-therapy-a-specific-bacteriocin-activity-and-a-targeted-anti-il-8-property-in-just-1-probiotic-strain-the-l-salivarius-ls03
#9
Francesca Deidda, Angela Amoruso, Stefania Nicola, Teresa Graziano, Marco Pane, Luca Mogna
GOALS: The aim of this research was to assess the antibacterial activity of Lactobacillus salivarius LS03 (DSM 22776) against Propionibacterium acnes and its anti-inflammatory properties by inhibiting P. acnes-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) release. BACKGROUND: Acne is the most common skin disease, causing significant psychosocial problems for those afflicted. Currently available agents for acne treatment, such as oral antibiotics, have limited use. Thus, development of novel agents to treat this disease is needed...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780906/hla-a29-negative-birdshot-like-chorioretinopathy-associated-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#10
Razek Georges Coussa, Fares Antaki, David E Lederer
Purpose: To report the longest ophthalmic follow-up and the associated ocular complications of HLA-A29 negative Birdshot-like chorioretinopathy (BLCR) associated with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Observations: A 22-year-old man known for CVID presented with a 3-month history of decreased visual acuity OS. Funduscopy revealed significant cystoid macular edema OS, as well as optic disk edema and chorioretinal infiltrates without signs of vitritis OU. No infectious, inflammatory or neoplastic etiologies were identified...
June 2018: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772868/-significance-of-cell-autophagy-in-resorption-of-lumbar-disc-herniation
#11
REVIEW
Zhi-Jun Diao, Hong Jiang, Jin-Tao Liu
As a self-protective mechanism of cells, autophagy of cells can maintain cell stability by degrading self-aging substances, and it can be highly induced. The ability of autophagy to degraded cells will decrease with age. The resorption phenomenon after lumbar disc herniation is one of the effective mechanisms in conservative treatment of lumbar disc herniation. The degenerative lesion of intervertebral disc is one of the main reasons of lumbar disc herniation. Cell autophagy is extensive participation in the degeneration of lumbar intervertebral disc, delaying the occurrence of degenerative disease...
April 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765581/the-antimicrobial-activity-of-probiotic-bacteria-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-different-natural-sources-against-hemorrhagic-e-coli-o157-h7
#12
Sahar Karimi, Fatemeh Azizi, Mohammad Nayeb-Aghaee, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Diarrheal diseases have been seen in all geographical areas throughout the world. Therefore, considering treatment, could be deemed a necessary action. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of probiotic bacterial strains isolated from different natural sources against 2 pathotypes of pathogenic E. coli. Methods: This cross-sectional study of Martyr Chamran University of Ahvaz was carried out from December 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765579/antagonistic-effect-of-isolated-probiotic-bacteria-from-natural-sources-against-intestinal-escherichia-coli-pathotypes
#13
Sahar Karimi, Ehsan Rashidian, Mehdi Birjandi, Leila Mahmoodnia
Background: Probiotics are live microorganisms which are beneficial bacteria that are normal flora of the digestive system which, in determined amounts, show beneficial effects on host health, and can balance gastrointestinal microflora. Digestive tract diseases such as diarrhea are one of the major causes of child mortality in developing countries. Different pathotypes of Escherichia coli cause diarrhea that affects children, therefore reduction of these colonization strains in humans or animals can decline gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760819/antibacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-potential-of-morus-alba-stem-extract
#14
Ichaya Yiemwattana, Niratcha Chaisomboon, Kusuma Jamdee
Background: Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease, is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Evidence for the anti inflammatory activity of M. alba Stem Extract (MSE) in periodontal disease is limited. Objective: The study aimed to investigate the inhibitory effect of MSE on the growth of periodontopathic bacteria and expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in Porphyromonas gingivalis Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated human Periodontal Ligament (hPDL) fibroblasts...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746496/pharyngeal-colonization-and-drug-resistance-profiles-of-morraxella-catarrrhalis-streptococcus-pneumoniae-staphylococcus-aureus-and-haemophilus-influenzae-among-hiv-infected-children-attending-art-clinic-of-felegehiwot-referral-hospital-ethiopia
#15
Wondemagegn Mulu, Endalew Yizengaw, Megbaru Alemu, Daniel Mekonnen, Derese Hailu, Kassaw Ketemaw, Bayeh Abera, Mulugeta Kibret
BACKGROUND: Asymptomatic pharyngeal colonization by potential bacteria is the primary reservoir for bacterial species within a population and is considered a prerequisite for development of major childhood diseases such as sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis. However, there is dearth of data on the colonization and drug resistance pattern of the main bacterial pathogens in the pharynx of HIV infected children in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study determined the pharyngeal colonization and drug resistance profile of bacterial pathogens in HIV infected children attending ART clinic of Felegehiwot Referral Hospital (FHRH), Amhara Region, Ethiopia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746162/antifungal-activity-of-essential-oils-against-azole-resistant-and-azole-susceptible-i-i-candida-glabrata-i-i-strains-vaginal-isolates
#16
Nadia Massa, Simone Cantamessa, Giorgia Novello, Elia Ranzato, Simona Martinotti, Matteo Pavan, Andrea Rocchetti, Graziella Berta, Elisa Gamalero, Elisa Bona
<i></i>Candida glabrata<i></i> is an opportunistic pathogen, associated with endocarditis, meningitis and disseminated disease and also with complicated vaginitis. Essential oils derived from aromatic plants are known in traditional medicine as antimicrobial agents and have antifungal properties. The aim of this work was to evaluate whether the twelve tested essential oils (tea tree, laurel, anise, basil, bergamot, lavender, mint, oregano, grapefruit, rosemary, winter savory and ginger) could have a transverse effect on <i></i>C...
May 10, 2018: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745528/-a-novel-method-of-optic-disk-segmentation-based-on-visual-saliency-and-rotary-scanning
#17
Xinrong Cao, Lanyan Xue, Jiawen Lin, Lun Yu
Fast optic disk localization and boundary segmentation is an important research topic in computer aided diagnosis. This paper proposes a novel method to effectively segment optic disk by using human visual characteristics in analyzing and processing fundus image. After a general analysis of optic disk features in fundus images, the target of interest could be located quickly, and intensity, color and spatial distribution of the disc are used to generate saliency map based on pixel distance. Then the adaptive threshold is used to segment optic disk...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731643/ugly-bugs-in-healthy-guts-carriage-of-multidrug-resistant-and-esbl-producing-commensal-enterobacteriaceae-in-the-intestine-of-healthy-nepalese-adults
#18
Anjila Maharjan, Anjeela Bhetwal, Shreena Shakya, Deepa Satyal, Shashikala Shah, Govardhan Joshi, Puspa Raj Khanal, Narayan Prasad Parajuli
Background: Fecal carriage of multidrug-resistant and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae is one of the important risk factors for infection with antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In this report, we examined the prevalence of multidrug-resistant and ESBL-producing common enterobacterial strains colonizing the intestinal tract of apparently healthy adults in Kathmandu, Nepal. Methods: During a 6-month period (February-July 2016), a total of 510 stool specimens were obtained from apparently healthy students of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728084/group-b-streptococci-vaginal-colonization-and-drug-susceptibility-pattern-among-pregnant-women-attending-in-selected-public-antenatal-care-centers-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#19
Solomon Assefa, Kassu Desta, Tsehaynesh Lema
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of septicemia, meningitis, and pneumonia in neonates. Maternal colonization with GBS is the principal risk factor for early-onset disease in infants. Group B Streptococcus is now an important cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality in many parts of the world. In Ethiopia, few studies have been done on GBS colonization among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of GBS colonization, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and assess risk factors among pregnant women...
May 4, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706867/rna-sequencing-reveals-unique-transcriptional-signatures-of-running-and-running-independent-environmental-enrichment-in-the-adult-mouse-dentate-gyrus
#20
Catherine-Alexandra Grégoire, Stephanie Tobin, Brianna L Goldenstein, Éric Samarut, Andréanne Leclerc, Anne Aumont, Pierre Drapeau, Stephanie Fulton, Karl J L Fernandes
Environmental enrichment (EE) is a powerful stimulus of brain plasticity and is among the most accessible treatment options for brain disease. In rodents, EE is modeled using multi-factorial environments that include running, social interactions, and/or complex surroundings. Here, we show that running and running-independent EE differentially affect the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG), a brain region critical for learning and memory. Outbred male CD1 mice housed individually with a voluntary running disk showed improved spatial memory in the radial arm maze compared to individually- or socially-housed mice with a locked disk...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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