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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459850/bacterial-seed-endophytes-of-domesticated-cucurbits-antagonize-fungal-and-oomycete-pathogens-including-powdery-mildew
#1
Eman M Khalaf, Manish N Raizada
The cucurbit vegetables, including cucumbers, melons and pumpkins, have been cultivated for thousands of years without fungicides. However, their seed germination stage is prone to be infected by soil-borne fungal and oomycete pathogens. Endophytes are symbionts that reside inside plant tissues including seeds. Seed endophytes are founders of the juvenile plant microbiome and can promote host defense at seed germination and later stages. We previously isolated 169 bacterial endophytes associated with seeds of diverse cultivated cucurbits...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430605/analysis-of-single-cage-position-in-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-through-digital-images
#2
Xin Zhao, Chen Chen, Tangjun Zhou, Jie Mi, Lin Du, Zhanrong Kang, Jianming Huang, Kai Zhang, Xiaojiang Sun, Jie Zhao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the position of single cage inserted using oblique-oriented technique in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on digital images of computed tomography (CT). METHODS: From January to August 2015, 44 consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar disease who underwent TLIF in the L4/5 level were retrospectively studied in our department. The single cage was inserted using the oblique-oriented technique; as the main purpose of the study, its position was analyzed using post-operative digital computed tomography images...
February 11, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393738/lumbar-hemilaminectomy-for-treatment-of-diskospondylitis-in-an-aardvark-orycteropus-afer
#3
Benjamin N Nevitt, Michael J Adkesson, Gwen Jankowski, Paula West, Jennifer N Langan
CASE DESCRIPTION A 17-year-old sexually intact male aardvark (Orycteropus afer) was evaluated because of hind limb proprioception deficits and ataxia. CLINICAL FINDINGS Results of examination and CT suggested a diagnosis of intervertebral disk disease and diskospondylitis at the L2-3 intervertebral space. Magnetic resonance imaging of the vertebral column also indicated intervertebral disk rupture with spinal cord compression and inflammation of the adjacent epaxial musculature TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Hemilaminectomy was performed according to the technique described for dogs...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386056/simple-motion-correction-strategy-reduces-respiratory-induced-motion-artifacts-for-k-t-accelerated-and-compressed-sensing-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-perfusion-imaging
#4
Ruixi Zhou, Wei Huang, Yang Yang, Xiao Chen, Daniel S Weller, Christopher M Kramer, Sebastian Kozerke, Michael Salerno
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) stress perfusion imaging provides important diagnostic and prognostic information in coronary artery disease (CAD). Current clinical sequences have limited temporal and/or spatial resolution, and incomplete heart coverage. Techniques such as k-t principal component analysis (PCA) or k-t sparcity and low rank structure (SLR), which rely on the high degree of spatiotemporal correlation in first-pass perfusion data, can significantly accelerate image acquisition mitigating these problems...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384661/charged-metallopolymer-grafted-silica-nanoparticles-for-antimicrobial-applications
#5
Parasmani Pageni, Peng Yang, Yung Pin Chen, Yucheng Huang, Marpe Bam, Tianyu Zhu, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Brian C Benicewicz, Alan W Decho, Chuanbing Tang
Inappropriate and frequent use of antibiotics has led to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which cause infectious diseases that are difficult to treat. With the rising threat of antibiotic resistance, the need to develop effective new antimicrobial agents is prominent. We report antimicrobial metallopolymer nanoparticles, which were prepared by surface-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization of a cobaltocenium-containing methacrylate monomer from silica nanoparticles...
January 31, 2018: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382347/plants-of-the-cerrado-with-antimicrobial-effects-against-staphylococcus-spp-and-escherichia-coli-from-cattle
#6
Izabella Carolina de O Ribeiro, Emanuelly Gomes A Mariano, Roberta T Careli, Franciellen Morais-Costa, Felipe M de Sant'Anna, Maximiliano S Pinto, Marcelo R de Souza, Eduardo R Duarte
BACKGROUND: Both diarrhea in calves and mastitis in cows limit cattle production. The bacteria involved in these diseases have shown multi-resistance to antimicrobials, however plant metabolites therefore can provide an alternative method of control. This study selected and characterized Cerrado plant extracts showing inhibitory effects against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus spp. from cattle. Thirteen leaf extracts were initially screened and diameters of inhibition zones produced against the pathogens were recorded using an agar disk diffusion method...
January 30, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369138/lumbar-degenerative-disease-with-intervertebral-disk-herniation
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369137/lumbar-degenerative-disease-with-intervertebral-disk-herniation
#8
Patrick Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355958/canine-pancreatic-lipase-immunoreactivity-concentrations-associated-with-intervertebral-disk-disease-in-84-dogs
#9
R O Schueler, G White, R L Schueler, J M Steiner, A Wassef
OBJECTIVE: To determine the differences in serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity between dogs with intervertebral disc herniation and healthy control dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four client-owned dogs with intervertebral disc herniation, diagnosed by neurologic examination and imaging, and 18 healthy control dogs. Samples of whole blood were collected within 90 minutes of admission. Serum canine pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity concentrations were measured by a commercial immunoassay and evaluated for association with intervertebral disc herniation, signalment, neurolocalisation and the preadmission administration of glucocorticosteriods or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349523/prognostic-factors-of-pediatric-glaucoma-a-retrospective-study
#10
Marilita M Moschos, Eirini Nitoda, Isabelle Fenzel, Xuefei Song, Achim Langenbucher, Barbara Kaesmann, Berthold Seitz, Zisis Gatzioufas
PURPOSE: To correlate the features of certain types of infantile glaucoma with the progression and the prognosis of the disease, highlighting probable risk factors. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with pediatric glaucoma were recruited in this retrospective study. All patients underwent ophthalmological examination in the Department of Ophthalmology of the Saarland University Medical Center from January 2001 to December 2012. Our pediatric patients were classified into four different categories of glaucoma: (1) primary congenital glaucoma (presenting buphthalmus), (2) aniridia-related glaucoma, (3) Peters/Rieger's anomaly-related glaucoma and (4) congenital cataract-related glaucoma...
January 18, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339073/the-human-gcom1-complex-gene-interacts-with-the-nmda-receptor-and-internexin-alpha
#11
Raymond S Roginski, Chi W Lau, Phillip P Santoiemma, Sara J Weaver, Peicheng Du, Patricia Soteropoulos, Jay Yang
The known functions of the human GCOM1 complex hub gene include transcription elongation and the intercalated disk of cardiac myocytes. However, in all likelihood, the gene's most interesting, and thus far least understood, roles will be found in the central nervous system. To investigate the functions of the GCOM1 gene in the CNS, we have cloned human and rat brain cDNAs encoding novel, 105 kDa GCOM1 combined (Gcom) proteins, designated Gcom15, and identified a new group of GCOM1 interacting genes, termed Gints, from yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) screens...
January 12, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315121/cervical-total-disk-arthroplasty
#12
Timothy T Roberts, Ryan J Filler, Jason W Savage, Edward C Benzel
In the United States, cervical total disk arthroplasty (TDA) is US Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approved for use in both 1 and 2-level constructions for cervical disk disease resulting in myelopathy and/or radiculopathy. TDA designs vary in form, function, material composition, and even performance in vivo. However, the therapeutic goals are the same: to remove the painful degenerative/damaged elements of the intervertebral discoligamenous joint complex, to preserve or restore the natural range of spinal motion, and to mitigate stresses on adjacent spinal segments, thereby theoretically limiting adjacent segment disease (ASDis)...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306004/genetic-diversity-and-clonal-characteristics-of-ciprofloxacin-resistant-campylobacter-jejuni-isolated-from-chilean-patients-with-gastroenteritis
#13
Luis Collado, Nataly Muñoz, Lorena Porte, Sofía Ochoa, Carmen Varela, Ivo Muñoz
Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of acute gastroenteritis worldwide. However, it has also been associated with other diseases such as bacteremia and with several post-infection sequelae. Although campylobacteriosis is usually a self-limited infection, antibiotics are indicated for severe and chronic conditions. Unfortunately, several industrialised nations have reported a substantial increase in antibiotic resistance of C. jejuni. However, there is still a lack of knowledge about the epidemiology of resistance developed by this pathogen in the developing world...
January 3, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290065/pathophysiology-of-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-from-a-neuroinflammatory-and-neurotoxicity-perspective-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Karine Evangelho, Maria Mogilevskaya, Monica Losada-Barragan, Jeinny Karina Vargas-Sanchez
PURPOSE: Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in humans, affecting 2% of the population. This disorder can be classified into various types including primary, secondary, glaucoma with angle closure and with open angle. The prevalence of distinct types of glaucoma differs for each particular region of the world. One of the most common types of this disease is primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), which is a complex inherited disorder characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cell death, optic nerve head excavation and visual field loss...
December 30, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284234/chemometric-evaluation-of-concentrations-of-trace-elements-in-intervertebral-disc-tissue-in-patient-with-degenerative-disc-disease
#15
Łukasz Kubaszewski, Anetta Zioła-Frankowska, Zuzanna Gasik, Marcin Frankowski, Mikołaj Dąbrowski, Bartłomiej Molisak, Jacek Kaczmarczyk, Robert Gasik
BACKGROUND: The work is designed to uncover the pattern of mutual relation among trace elements and epidemiological data in the degenerated intervertebral disk tissue in humans. Hitherto the reason of the degenerative process is not fully understood. Trace elements are the basic components of the biological compound related both its metabolism as well as environmental exposure. The relation pattern among elements occurs gives new perspective in solving the cause of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have analysed trace elements content in the 30 intervertebral disc from 22 patients with degenerative disc disease...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283093/anterior-cervical-disc-fusion-does-not-affect-the-presence-of-cervical-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential
#16
Ioannis Kastanioudakis, Panagiotis Saravakos, Andreas Zigouris, Vasileios Ragos, Oliver Reichel, Nafsika Ziavra
OBJECTIVE: Cervical spondylosis and cervical disk herniation are the most frequent forms of degenerative disease in the cervical spine. Surgical treatment mainly includes anterior cervical disk fusion. However, information concerning vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) recording in patients undergoing cervical spine surgery is limited. The present prospective study aimed to investigate the effect of anterior disk fusion surgery on cervical VEMP (cVEMP) parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients were enrolled in this study, and 20 patients (10 men and 10 women) completed cVEMP testing...
December 14, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274723/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-discovered-incidentally-during-routine-dental-examination-using-the-research-diagnostic-criteria-for-temporomandibular-disorders
#17
Wael M Talaat, Omar I Adel, Saad Al Bayatti
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) discovered incidentally during routine dental examination, identify disease patterns, and evaluate patients' attitude toward accepting treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3009 patients were examined at the University Dental Hospital Sharjah (Sharjah, United Arab Emirates). Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) Axes I and II were used for assessment. Patients with acute/serious dysfunction symptoms underwent cone beam computed tomography examination...
November 21, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260496/evaluation-of-cntnap2-gene-rs2107856-polymorphism-in-turkish-population-with-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome
#18
Irmak Karaca, Suzan Guven Yilmaz, Melis Palamar, Huseyin Onay, Bilcag Akgun, Burcu Aytacoglu, Ayca Aykut, Feristah Ferda Ozkinay
PURPOSE: To investigate rs2107856 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of CNTNAP2 gene in Turkish population with pseudoexfoliation and to correlate clinical characteristics with the genotypic profile. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PXS), 46 patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG) and 99 healthy controls were enrolled. Comprehensive ophthalmological examination, central corneal thickness measurement and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness analysis of the peripapillary area were performed...
December 19, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246181/detection-and-identification-of-antimicrobial-resistant-salmonella-in-raw-beef-at-wolaita-sodo-municipal-abattoir-southern-ethiopia
#19
Wondimu Wabeto, Yishak Abraham, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: The consumption of multidrug resistant Salmonella isolates along with a raw meat dish is directly relevant to the global public health crisis of antimicrobial resistance. All countries around the globe are suffering from food-borne diseases. In developing countries, more than one billion individuals suffering from gastroenteritis and around five million infected individuals die annually. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out from December 2015 to May 2016 to show the risk of Salmonella associated with consuming traditional raw meat dishes and to characterize the antimicrobial resistance profile at Wolaita Sodo municipal abattoir...
December 16, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241765/oliveria-decumbens-essential-oil-chemical-compositions-and-antimicrobial-activity-against-the-growth-of-some-clinical-and-standard-strains-causing-infection
#20
Behrooz Alizadeh Behbahani, Farideh Tabatabaei Yazdi, Alireza Vasiee, Seyed Ali Mortazavi
Oliveria decumbens as a valuable medicinal plant is extensively used in traditional medicine. clinical and standard strains causing infection resistance to antimicrobial agents, is one of the important problems in medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial activities and phytochemical analysis of Oliveria decumbens essential oil on the growth of some clinical and standard strains causing infection (Pseudomonas aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus epidermidis)...
December 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
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