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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342998/field-evaluation-of-cucurbit-yellow-stunting-disorder-virus-transmission-by-bemisia-tabaci
#1
S J Castle, J P Palumbo, P Merten
Cucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus (CYSDV) is a whitefly-transmitted Crinivirus (Closteroviridae) that impacts melon production in many parts of the world including the USA. It has been responsible for melon crop loss in the southwestern U.S. since 2006 when it was first identified. Control strategies have revolved mainly around chemical control, but research to identify suitable products and approaches to implementing them has lagged. The current study investigated the performance of four systemic insecticides in the field while concurrently tracking CYSDV disease progression after controlled and natural whitefly inoculation of young melon plants...
March 22, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336472/comparison-of-strategies-for-grading-retinal-images-of-premature-infants-for-referral-warranted-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#2
David L Rogers, Don L Bremer, Rae R Fellows, Agnieshka Baumritter, Ebenezer Daniel, Max Pastilli, Gui-Shang Ying, Graham E Quinn
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of identifying referral-warranted retinopathy of prematurity (RW-ROP, defined as any zone I ROP, stage 3 or worse, or plus disease) from retinal image sets using three grading protocols: a single optic disk-centered image, a set of 3 horizontal images, and a 5-image set. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of images from the e-ROP study, a weighted sample of 250 image sets from 250 infants (125 with RW-ROP and 125 without RW-ROP) was randomly selected...
March 20, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333048/water-quality-and-antifungal-susceptibility-of-opportunistic-yeast-pathogens-from-rivers
#3
M E Monapathi, C C Bezuidenhout, O H J Rhode
Yeasts from water sources have been associated with diseases ranging from superficial mucosal infections to life threatening diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the water quality as well as diversity and antifungal susceptibility of yeasts from two rivers. Yeast levels and physico-chemical parameter data were analyzed by principal component analysis to determine correlations between physico-chemical data and yeast levels. Yeast morphotypes were identified by biochemical tests and 26S rRNA gene sequencing...
March 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321876/effects-of-glucose-concentration-on-osteogenic-differentiation-of-type-ii-diabetes-mellitus-rat-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-on-a-nano-scale-modified-titanium
#4
I Yamawaki, Y Taguchi, S Komasa, A Tanaka, M Umeda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common disease worldwide. Patients with DM have an increased risk of losing their teeth compared with other individuals. Dental implants are a standard of care for treating partial or full edentulism, and various implant surface treatments have recently been developed to increase dental implant stability. However, some studies have reported that DM reduces osseointegration and the success rate of dental implants. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high glucose levels for hard tissue formation on a nano-scale modified titanium surface...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320028/extent-of-decompression-of-lumbar-spinal-canal-after-endoscopic-surgery
#5
Naresh Kumar Dewanngan, Yad Ram Yadav, Vijay Singh Parihar, Shailendra Ratre, Yatin Kher, Pushpraj Bhatele
Introduction Endoscopic techniques are being used in lumbar disk disease and lumbar canal stenosis to decompress the spinal canal. The present study analyzed pre- and postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measurements of the lumbar canal. Material and Methods This was a prospective study of 30 lumbar levels. Patients < 18 years of age with unilateral compression, previous surgery at the same level, and spinal instability were excluded. Endoscopic posterior decompression was used. Pre- and postoperative MRIs of all the patients were performed...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303561/extraforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-at-the-l5-s1-level-technical-considerations-and-feasibility
#6
Arthur Robert Kurzbuch, Denis Kaech, Pawel Baranowski, Alicja Baranowska, Didier Recoules-Arche
Background Extraforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (ELIF) surgery is a muscle-sparing approach that allows the treatment of various degenerative spinal diseases. It is technical challenging to perform the ELIF approach at the L5-S1 level because the sacral ala obstructs the view of the intervertebral disk space. Methods We reported earlier on the ELIF technique in which the intervertebral disk is targeted at an angle of 45 degrees relative to the midline. In this article we describe the technical process we developed to overcome the anatomic relation between the sacral ala and the intervertebral disk space L5-S1 that hinders the ELIF approach at this level...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293229/fungal-root-microbiome-from-healthy-and-brittle-leaf-diseased-date-palm-trees-phoenix-dactylifera-l-reveals-a-hidden-untapped-arsenal-of-antibacterial-and-broad-spectrum-antifungal-secondary-metabolites
#7
Fedia B Mefteh, Amal Daoud, Ali Chenari Bouket, Faizah N Alenezi, Lenka Luptakova, Mostafa E Rateb, Adel Kadri, Neji Gharsallah, Lassaad Belbahri
In this study, we aimed to explore and compare the composition, metabolic diversity and antimicrobial potential of endophytic fungi colonizing internal tissues of healthy and brittle leaf diseased (BLD) date palm trees (Phoenix dactylifera L.) widely cultivated in arid zones of Tunisia. A total of 52 endophytic fungi were isolated from healthy and BLD roots of date palm trees, identified based on internal transcribed spacer-rDNA sequence analysis and shown to represent 13 species belonging to five genera. About 36...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291070/florid-neovascularization-of-the-retina-in-a-diabetic-patient-undergoing-induction-and-consolidation-therapy-for-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia
#8
John R Rocke, J Ben Clark, Philip J Campbell, Emil Kurniawan
PURPOSE: To report on a 39-year-old gentleman with a background of Type 2 diabetes mellitus who was diagnosed with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), which was treated by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), and subsequently developed bilateral neovascularization of the disk (NVD). METHODS: Ophthalmic examination and investigation including fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: Three months after commencement of ATRA therapy, the patient was found to have florid bilateral NVD with adjacent preretinal and intraretinal hemorrhages...
March 13, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269173/abnormal-interhemispheric-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#9
Peng Zhou, Jieqiong Wang, Ting Li, Ningli Wang, Junfang Xian, Huiguang He
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness and it has been the topic of massive studies to explore the underlying mechanisms of the disease. Resting-state neuroimaging studies have been widely applied to investigate the functional damage of the brain, but little is known about the alterations of the interhemispheric resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). In the present study, we used a newly developed voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) method to explore the interhemispheric RSFC of the brain in POAG patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260142/the-spectrum-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease-in-iran
#10
Alireza Hedayatfar, Seyedeh Maryam Hosseini, Nasser Karimi, Khalil Ghasemi Falavarjani, Negin Badie, Mahsa Zameni, Masoud Soheilian
PURPOSE: To report the spectrum of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease in Persians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with VKH disease at four referral centers in Iran. Patients' demographics, ocular and extraocular manifestations, treatment modalities, complications, and visual outcomes were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients with a mean age of 32.1 ± 12.6 years (range 7-79 years) were studied...
March 4, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255785/chemical-composition-antioxidant-and-biological-activities-of-the-essential-oil-and-extract-of-the-seeds-of-glycine-max-soybean-from-north-iran
#11
Somayeh Ghahari, Heshmatollah Alinezhad, Ghorban Ali Nematzadeh, Mahmood Tajbakhsh, Robabeh Baharfar
Glycine max (L.) Merrill (soybean) is a major leguminous crop, cultivated globally as well as in Iran. This study examines the chemical composition of soybean essential oil, and evaluates the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of seeds on various plant pathogens that commonly cause irreparable damages to agricultural crops. The essential oil of soybean seeds was analyzed by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Antimicrobial activity was tested against 14 microorganisms, including three gram-positive, five gram-negative bacteria, and six fungi, using disk diffusion method and the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration technique...
April 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251286/thoracolumbar-kyphosis-is-associated-with-compressive-vertebral-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women
#12
Y Wei, W Tian, G L Zhang, Y W Lv, G Y Cui
The main aim of this retrospective cross-sectional study was to examine the relationship between vertebral compression fracture and thoracolumbar Cobb angles. Fracture prevalence was found to be significantly higher for patients with moderate [odds ratio (OR) = 4.78 (2.88-7.95)] or severe kyphosis [OR = 10.7 (5.11-22.40)] than for patients with mild kyphosis. The relationship between degree of thoracolumbar kyphosis and vertebral compression fracture was analyzed. INTRODUCTION: The hypothesis that vertebral compression fracture in women is related to thoracolumbar kyphosis severity was tested, and a clinically important cutoff degree of sagittal thoracolumbar Cobb angle (TLCobb) was determined...
March 1, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248674/prevalence-serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-salmonella-isolated-from-food-products-in-morocco
#13
Nadia Amajoud, Brahim Bouchrif, Mohammed El Maadoudi, Nadia Skalli Senhaji, Bouchra Karraouan, Abdeltif El Harsal, Jamal El Abrini
INTRODUCTION: Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases worldwide. The irrational use of antibiotics in medicine and in animal feed has greatly promoted the emergence and spread of resistant strains of non-typhoidal Salmonella. METHODOLOGY: A total of 464 food products were collected in Tetouan from January 2010 to December 2012. The isolation and identification of Salmonella were performed according to Moroccan standard 08.0.116. All isolates were serotyped and were then tested for antibiotic resistance using the disk diffusion method...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227403/abnormal-interhemispheric-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#14
Peng Zhou, Jieqiong Wang, Ting Li, Ningli Wang, Junfang Xian, Huiguang He, Peng Zhou, Jieqiong Wang, Ting Li, Ningli Wang, Junfang Xian, Huiguang He, Ningli Wang, Junfang Xian, Huiguang He, Ting Li, Jieqiong Wang, Peng Zhou
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness and it has been the topic of massive studies to explore the underlying mechanisms of the disease. Resting-state neuroimaging studies have been widely applied to investigate the functional damage of the brain, but little is known about the alterations of the interhemispheric resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). In the present study, we used a newly developed voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) method to explore the interhemispheric RSFC of the brain in POAG patients...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221925/genetic-diversity-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-different-leafy-green-production-systems
#15
Mosimanegape Jongman, Lise Korsten
Foodborne disease outbreaks linked to contaminated irrigation water and fresh produce are a public health concern. The presence of Escherichia coli isolates from irrigation water and leafy green vegetables in different food production systems (large commercial farms, small-scale farms, and homestead gardens) was investigated. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance and virulence in these isolates was further assessed, and links between water source and irrigated crops were identified using antimicrobial and genotypic analyses...
November 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198750/relentless-placoid-chorioretinitis-successful-long-term-treatment-with-intravitreal-triamcinolone
#16
Daniel B Roth, Sheila Ballintine, Dimosthenis Mantopoulos, Jonathan Prenner, Howard F Fine
PURPOSE: To report a case of relentless placoid chorioretinitis (ampiginous choroiditis) treated with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA). METHODS: Interventional case report. RESULTS: A 34-year-old pregnant woman with a history of poor visual acuity in her left eye, secondary to an undetermined cause, developed an acute painless central scotoma and blurred vision in the right eye. The examination revealed decreased visual acuity, active inflammatory placoid choroidal lesions in the posterior pole, and mid-periphery with sharp disk margins and normal-appearing vasculature...
February 14, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191383/minimally-invasive-direct-lateral-interbody-fusion-mis-dlif-proof-of-concept-and-perioperative-results
#17
Hamid Abbasi, Ali Abbasi
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive direct lateral interbody fusion (MIS-DLIF) is a novel approach for fusions of the lumbar spine. In this proof of concept study, we describe the surgical technique and report our experience and the perioperative outcomes of the first nine patients who underwent this procedure. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: In this study we establish the safety and efficacy of this approach. MIS-DLIF was performed on 15 spinal levels in nine patients who failed to respond to conservative therapy for the treatment of a re-herniated disk, spondylolisthesis, or other severe disk disease of the lumbar spine...
January 14, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182054/design-formulation-and-physicochemical-evaluation-of-periodontal-propolis-mucoadhesive-gel
#18
Abolfazl Aslani, Negar Malekpour
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis is a disease of tooth supporting tissues, and Gram-negative Bacteria are the main cause of this. Propolis has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects due to its high polyphenol and flavonoids content. The aim of this study is the formulation of a mucoadhesive gel containing concentrated extract of propolis for treatment of periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formulations containing carbopol 940, sodium carboxymethylcellulose (NaCMC), hydroxypropyl methylcellulose K4M, and propolis extract were prepared...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149515/bloodstream-infections-and-antimicrobial-sensitivity-patterns-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-india
#19
Nikita Vasudeva, Prem Singh Nirwan, Preeti Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: Invasion of the bloodstream by microorganisms constitutes one of the most serious situations in infectious disease. Microorganisms present in circulating blood whether continuously, intermittently, or transiently are a threat to every organ in the body. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of microorganisms vary depending upon the geography and the use of antibiotics. METHODS: A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalent organisms causing bloodstream infection was conducted...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146002/development-of-the-ibd-disk-a-visual-self-administered-tool-for-assessing-disability-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#20
Subrata Ghosh, Edouard Louis, Laurent Beaugerie, Peter Bossuyt, Guillaume Bouguen, Arnaud Bourreille, Marc Ferrante, Denis Franchimont, Karen Frost, Xavier Hebuterne, John K Marshall, Ciara OʼShea, Greg Rosenfeld, Chadwick Williams, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
BACKGROUND: The Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Disability Index is a validated tool that evaluates functional status; however, it is used mainly in the clinical trial setting. We describe the use of an iterative Delphi consensus process to develop the IBD Disk-a shortened, self-administered adaption of the validated IBD Disability Index-to give immediate visual representation of patient-reported IBD-related disability. METHODS: In the preparatory phase, the IBD CONNECT group (30 health care professionals) ranked IBD Disability Index items in the perceived order of importance...
March 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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