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Mucin 5ac

Ding Shi, Yongpan Liu, Dong Wu, Xujun Hu
Helicobacter pylori , the primary causative agent of stomach cancer, is known to affect gastric mucin expression. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating this H. pylori -dependent effect remain unknown. In the present study, the effect of exogenous expression of the H. pylori virulence factor, CagA, on mucin 5AC oligomeric muscus/gel-forming (MUC5AC) expression was investigated using an in vitro model of the gastric mucosa. AGS cells were either untreated or transfected by a vector control (pCDNA3...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Maohua Liu, Jingxiu Zhang, Chengjun Liu
Pediatric asthma is a chronic pulmonary inflammatory disease featuring hypersecretion of mucus and inflammation in the airway, resulting in dysfunction of the airway smooth muscle. Previous evidence demonstrated that latrophilins, a novel family of receptors, present a beneficial effect on airway smooth muscle cells. In the present study, the therapeutic effects of recombinant human latrophilin 3 (rhLPHN3) antibody (Ab) in patients with pediatric asthma were investigated, and the molecular mechanism underlying the function of LPHN3 in the treatment of asthma in clinical practice was examined...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kentaro Tamura, Koichiro Matsumoto, Satoru Fukuyama, Keiko Kan-O, Yumiko Ishii, Ken Tonai, Miyoko Tatsuta, Aimi Enokizu, Hiromasa Inoue, Yoichi Nakanishi
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic airway inflammatory diseases characterized by airflow limitation, have different etiologies and pathophysiologies. Asthma-COPD Overlap (ACO) has recently been used for patients with mixed asthma and COPD. The pathophysiological mechanisms of ACO have not been clearly understood due to the lack of an appropriate murine model. To investigate its pathophysiology, we examined a murine model by allergen challenge in surfactant protein-D (SP-D)-deficient mice that spontaneously developed pulmonary emphysema...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
Lerong Chen, Xiaolan Yuan, Luru Zou, Jianping Peng, Xinchun Hu
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) on airway changes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) rats exposed to air pollutant particles less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter (PM2.5), and to evaluate the mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS Three groups were included in this study: a normal group, a COPD model group, and a COPD with 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment group. In each group, the rats were divided into four subgroups: control and different doses of PM2...
January 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Hao Wang, Ting Yang, Tao Wang, Nanya Hao, Yongchun Shen, Yanqiu Wu, Zhicheng Yuan, Lei Chen, Fuqiang Wen
BACKGROUNDS: Cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway mucus hypersecretion and inflammation are the prominent features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As an anti-inflammatory flavonoid, phloretin was found to be involved in various inflammatory disorders such as sepsis. In this study, the effects of phloretin on CS-induced airway mucin secretion and inflammation were investigated in vivo and in vitro. METHODS: Phloretin dissolved in 1% DMSO was daily injected intraperitoneally to mice, which were then exposed to CS for four weeks...
December 12, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
Yun-Ho Kim, Yean-Jung Choi, Eun-Jung Lee, Min-Kyung Kang, Sin-Hye Park, Dong Yeon Kim, Hyeongjoo Oh, Sang-Jae Park, Young-Hee Kang
BACKGROUND/OBSECTIVE: Airway inflammation by eosinophils, neutrophils and alveolar macrophages is a characteristic feature of asthma that leads to pathological subepithelial thickening and remodeling. Our previous study showed that oxidative stress in airways resulted in eosinophilia and epithelial apoptosis. The current study investigated whether glutathione-containing dry yeast extract (dry-YE) ameliorated eosinophilia, goblet cell hyperplasia and mucus overproduction. MATERIALS/METHOD: This study employed 2 µg/mL lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- or 20 ng/mL eotaxin-1-exposed human bronchial epithelial cells and ovalbumin (OVA)-challenged mice...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
Shakir Hasan, Nikhil Nitin Kulkarni, Arni Asbjarnarson, Irena Linhartova, Radim Osicka, Peter Sebo, Gudmundur H Gudmundsson
The airway epithelium restricts the penetration of inhaled pathogens into the underlying tissue and plays a crucial role in the innate immune defense against respiratory infections. The whooping cough agent, Bordetella pertussis , adheres to ciliated cells of the human airway epithelium and subverts its defense functions through the action of secreted toxins and other virulence factors. We examined the impact of B. pertussis infection and of adenylate cyclase toxin-hemolysin (CyaA) action on the functional integrity of human bronchial epithelial cells cultured at the air-liquid interface (ALI)...
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
Kunio Mochizuki, Tetsuo Kondo, Naoki Oishi, Ippei Tahara, Tomohiro Inoue, Kazunari Kasai, Tadao Nakazawa, Ryohei Katoh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although differentiating squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from adenocarcinoma (AC) at the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is important for the choice of treatment, this can occasionally be difficult with small biopsy specimens. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the most useful immunomarker panel for discriminating between SCC and AC of the EGJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 15 SCCs and 26 ACs of the EGJ obtained surgically using immunohistochemistry...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
Karolina S Jabbar, Liisa Arike, Caroline S Verbeke, Riadh Sadik, Gunnar C Hansson
Purpose Pancreatic cystic lesions are common incidental findings on imaging, but up to half may be forerunners of pancreatic cancer. Therefore, accurate differential diagnosis is crucial for correct patient management. Unfortunately, currently available diagnostic methods cannot robustly identify premalignant and malignant pancreatic cystic lesions. Methods Cyst fluid samples obtained by routine endoscopic ultrasound-guided aspiration were used for the analyses. In a cohort of 24 patients, eight biomarker candidates for malignant potential and high-grade dysplasia/cancer were identified by an explorative proteomic approach...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Noel Pabalan, Sutawadee Sukcharoensin, Kritiya Butthongkomvong, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Veerachai Thitapakorn
AIM: The potential of biomarkers in detecting early cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is facilitated by examining CCA-associated proteins from primary studies. One such protein is mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) but inconsistency of reported associations between its expression/serum levels and CCA prompts a meta-analysis to obtain more precise estimates. METHODS: A literature search yielded 17 included articles where multiple data in some raised the number of studies to 22. We calculated pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals from negative and positive readings of MUC5AC levels...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Dhruva Bhattacharya, Li Yu, Mingwu Wang
The relationship between aquaporin (AQP) 5 and mucin (MUC) 5AC in the conjunctiva was investigated in response to acute dry eye (DE) stress. A mixed-mechanism rabbit DE model, in which the main lacrimal gland, Harderian gland, and nictitating membrane were resected, was further explored in this study. Conjunctival impression cytology specimens were harvested before excision (BE) and up to 3 months after excision (AE) in 8 (16 eyes) male New Zealand White rabbits, and immunoblotting was employed to assess the expression of AQP5 and MUC5AC...
2017: PloS One
Baoning Xu, Lei Zhang, Yuqin Che, Chengyang Song, Wenjun Jiang, Jianhua Fan, Dali Tian
The majority of patients that suffer a stroke have excessive sputum, which accelerates the development of pulmonary complications. However, it is unclear whether cerebral ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury induces mucus hypersecretion, and the potential role of inflammation remains unknown. In the present study, the reversible middle cerebral artery occlusion model was applied in rats to induce cerebral I/R injury. The rats were grouped according to the duration of reperfusion (6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h). Neurological dysfunction was evaluated by Longa scoring and lung dry‑to‑wet weight (dw/ww) ratios were determined to reflect the degree of mucus secretion...
November 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Haijian Zhang, Yidong Liu, Huyang Xie, Weisi Liu, Qiang Fu, Dengfu Yao, Jiejie Xu, Jianxin Gu
BACKGROUND: Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), as a member of secreted/gel-forming mucin family, was frequently found to be abnormally expressed in inflammation or malignant diseases. However, the clinic pathologic features and prognostic values of MUC5AC in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have not been reported up to now. METHODS: MUC5AC expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Univariate and Multivariate Cox analysis and newly-established nomogram model were performed to evaluate the prognostic value...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
L M Mikhaleva, A E Biryukov
AIM: to investigate the morphological and immunohistochemical features of severe gastric dysplasia (SGD) and early gastric cancer (EGC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The fragments of gastric tumor tissue with adjacent mucosal portions from 50 patients aged from 34 to 79 years (mean age 63.8 years), which had been removed during organ-sparing endoscopic surgery, were histologically, histochemical, and immunohistochemically (IHC) examined. RESULTS: In EGC, there was a preponderance of intestinal-type cancer; the adjacent mucosal areas showed foci of SGD and colonic metaplasia in 100%...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
Shao-Cheng Liu, Hsuan-Hsuan Lu, Hueng-Chuen Fan, Hsing-Won Wang, Hang-Kang Chen, Fei-Peng Lee, Chong-Jen Yu, Yueng-Hsiang Chu
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the transient receptor potential (TRP) channel Melastatin 8 (TRPM8) is a cold-sensing TRP channel. However, its presence and its role in the nasal cavity have not yet been fully studied. METHODS: Immunohistology was used to study TRPM8 receptors in both the nasal mucosa tissue and the primary cultures of human nasal cells. Cells from primary cultures were immunostained with antibodies to TRPM8, mucin, cytokeratin (CK)-14, CK-18, and vimentin...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dong-Dong Shen, Fei Yuan, Jiang-Hong Hou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of annexin A2 (AnxA2) on epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR)/nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signal transduction and mucin expression in human airway epithelial H292 cells treated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP). METHODS: H292 cells were divided into control group, MP group, NC-siRNA+MP group, and AnxA2 siRNA+MP group. The cells in the MP group were incubated with 5 μg/mL MP antigen for 2 hours. The cells in the NC-siRNA+MP and AnxA2 siRNA+MP groups were transfected with NC-siRNA and AnxA2 siRNA for 24 hours, followed by MP antigen stimulation for 2 hours...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Cuiping Fu, Huan Lu, Xu Wu, Jie Liu, Chengying Liu, Zilong Liu, Wei Yuan, Jian Zhou, Shanqun Li
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) could cause systematic inflammation including pulmonary inflammatory response, whereas the influence of OSAHS in pulmonary clearance ability remains unknown. The main pathophysiological feature of OSAHS is chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). The goal of this study is to clarify the airway clearance of particulate matter (PM) in CIH mice, and to explore the potential mechanism. METHODS: Balb/c mice were divided into a CIH group and a control group, exposed to intermittent hypoxia and air chamber, respectively...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Avinash R Joshi, Aniket Kakade, Lokesh Fegade, Ketan Narkhede
INTRODUCTION: The ampulla of Vater consists of papilla, common channel, distal common bile duct and the distal main pancreatic duct. Ampullary carcinomas arise from two different types of mucosa, reflecting their broad histomorphological spectrum. Adenocarcinomas originating in the ampulla of Vater are classified as having either 'Intestinal' or 'Pancreatobiliary' type of differentiation. Pancreatobiliary type has consistently shown a worse prognosis. Various types of mucins are distributed in normal tissues and gastrointestinal tumours...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Tina L Samuels, Justin C Yan, Pawjai Khampang, Peter W Dettmar, Alexander MacKinnon, Wenzhou Hong, Nikki Johnston, Blake C Papsin, Robert H Chun, Michael E McCormick, Joseph E Kerschner
Importance: Persistent, viscous middle ear effusion in pediatric otitis media (OM) contributes to increased likelihood of anesthesia and surgery, conductive hearing loss, and subsequent developmental delays. Biomarkers of effusion viscosity and hearing loss have not yet been identified despite the potential that such markers hold for targeted therapy and screening. Objective: To investigate the association of gel-forming mucins and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) gene expression with inflammation, effusion viscosity, and hearing loss in pediatric OM with effusion (OME)...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Zhe Cheng, Ling-Ling Dai, Xi Wang, Liu-Qun Jia, Xiao-Gang Jing, Peng-Fei Li, Meng Liu, Huan Wang, Lin An
This study aims to explore how microRNA-145 (miR-145) affects airway remodeling and cytokine expression by targeting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to regulate mucin 5AC (MUC5AC).Mice alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) were divided into a control, blank, miR-145 mimics, mimic control, miR-145 inhibitors, inhibitor control, si-EGFR and miR-145 inhibitors + si-EGFR group. Asthma mice models with airway remodeling were induced with an Ovalbumin (OVA) solution and randomly divided into a normal, asthma, asthma + miR-145 mimics, asthma + miR-145 mimic control, asthma + si-EGFR or asthma + si-EGFR NC group...
July 11, 2017: Oncotarget
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