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Mucin 5ac

Haijian Zhang, Yidong Liu, Huyang Xie, Weisi Liu, Qiang Fu, Dengfu Yao, Jiejie Xu, Jianxin Gu
BACKGROUND: Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), as a member of secreted/gel-forming mucin family, was frequently found to be abnormally expressed in inflammation or malignant diseases. However, the clinic pathologic features and prognostic values of MUC5AC in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have not been reported up to now. METHODS: MUC5AC expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Univariate and Multivariate Cox analysis and newly-established nomogram model were performed to evaluate the prognostic value...
March 4, 2017: Oncotarget
Yuichi Hori, Tomofumi Kageyama, Asuka Sakamoto, Tomoaki Shiba, Masatsugu Nakamura, Takatoshi Maeno
PURPOSE: To investigate the short-term effects of 2 new secretagogue eye drops for dry eye, 3% diquafosol tetrasodium ophthalmic solution (diquafosol) and 2% rebamipide ophthalmic suspension (rebamipide), on the concentration of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) in rabbit tear fluid and conjunctival goblet cells. METHODS: One dose of artificial tears, diquafosol or rebamipide, was instilled into 8 eyes of Japanese white rabbits. MUC5AC concentration in the tear fluid was examined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay 15 min after instillation and compared with 8 untreated controls...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Jintao Du, Luo Ba, Bo Li, Feng Liu, Xianting Hu, Jie Zhang, Yafeng Liu, Junming Xian, Sixi Liu, Huabin Li
BACKGROUND: Decreased expression of airway epithelial-specific transcription factor NK2 homeobox 1 (NKX2-1) was associated with allergic inflammation in asthma patients. However, the expression and role of NKX2-1 in nasal polyps (NPs) with different endotypes were undefined yet. METHODS: We examined the expression of key cytokines (interleukin [IL]-4 IL-5, IL-13, and IL-17A, etc.) and NKX2-1 in NPs with different endotypes and control tissues by immunohistochemistry staining, qualitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blot analysis...
March 20, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
Yong Sun Maeng, Ga Hyun Lee, Boram Lee, Seung Il Choi, Tae Im Kim, Eung Kweon Kim
PURPOSE: Transforming growth factor-β-induced protein (TGFBIp) is highly expressed in the cornea, and mutant TGFBIp induces corneal diseases. However, the function of TGFBIp in cornea epithelium is not fully investigated. Here, we tested the importance of TGFBIp in regulation of gene expression and corneal epithelial cell (CEC) activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effect of TGFBIp on CEC activity was analyzed by cell migration, adhesion, proliferation and wound healing assay...
March 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
Orapan Poachanukoon, Sittichai Koontongkaew, Paopanga Monthanapisut, Napaporn Pattanacharoenchai
BACKGROUND: Mucus hypersecretion from airway epithelium is a characteristic feature of airway inflammatory diseases. Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) regulates mucin synthesis. Glucocorticoids including mometasone fuorate (MF) have been used to attenuate airway inflammation. However, effects of MF on mucin production have not been reported. METHODS: Effects of MF and budesonide (BUD) on the phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-induction of mucin and TNF-α in human airway epithelial cells (NCI-H292) were investigated in the present study...
January 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Juan Song, David Cano Rodriguez, Melanie Winkle, Rutger A F Gjaltema, Désirée Goubert, Tomasz P Jurkowski, Irene H Heijink, Marianne G Rots, Machteld N Hylkema
Airway mucus hypersecretion contributes to the morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic inflammatory lung diseases. Reducing mucus production is crucial for improving patients' quality of life. The transcription factor SAM-pointed domain-containing Ets-like factor (SPDEF) plays a critical role in the regulation of mucus production, and therefore represents a potential therapeutic target. This study aims to reduce lung epithelial mucus production by targeted silencing SPDEF using the novel strategy epigenetic editing...
December 23, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Yan-Ping Wu, Yin-Fang Wu, Chao Zhang, Hong-Bin Zhou, Chao Cao, Miao Li, Chen Zhu, Song-Min Ying, Zhi-Hua Chen, Hua-Hao Shen, Wen Li
Mucus hypersecretion is an important pathologic feature of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) is an adaptive-response gene that participates in various cellular processes. However, little is known about its role in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced mucus hyperproduction. This study aimed to investigate the role and molecular mechanisms of ATF3 in CS-induced Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) expression. ATF3 was elevated in lung tissues of mice exposed to CS for 12 weeks. Treatment with CS extract significantly induced ATF3 expression and MUC5AC production in human bronchial epithelial cells, NCI-H292, and mouse tracheal epithelial cells...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Dimitrios Moschovis, Giorgos Bamias, Ioanna Delladetsima
Tumors of the pancreas, the ampulla of Vater, and the extrahepatic and intrahepatic bile ducts have significant histological similarities due to the common embryonic origin of the pancreatobiliary system. This obviates the need for discovery of biomarkers with diagnostic and prognostic value for these tumors. Mucins, especially MUC-1, -2, -4 and -5AC, are important candidates for developing into such reliable biomarkers. Increased expression of MUC1 occurs in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas and is associated with increased degrees of dysplasia in pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN)...
October 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Botao Wang, Ying Gao, Guoxi Zheng, Xiaoyong Ren, Bin Sun, Kang Zhu, Huanan Luo, Zhenghui Wang, Min Xu
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the nasal mucosal tissue. Platycodin D (PLD), a triterpenoid saponin isolated from the root of Platycodon grandiflorum, has anti-inflammatory effects in a mouse model of allergic asthma. However, the anti-inflammatory effects of PLD in the nasal mucosa have not been deeply investigated. The objective was to investigate the effect of PLD on inflammatory cytokines and mucus production from nasal epithelial cells. Our study showed that PLD inhibited the levels of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and eotaxin in interleukin (IL)-13-stimulated RPMI2650 cells...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yuan Lu, Qiong-Qiong Xing, Jian-Ya Xu, Dou Ding, Xia Zhao
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been recently revealed to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of severe asthma. Astragalus polysaccharide (APS), a major bioactive component from Astragalus membranaceus, exerts immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects and has been shown to suppress ER stress in chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes. However, the pharmaceutical application of APS in the treatment of severe asthma is unknown. The results obtained here indicate that APS significantly attenuates eosinophils and neutrophil-dominant airway inflammation by reducing the mRNA levels of Cxcl5, Il8, and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 20 (Ccl20) and the protein levels of IL13RA and IL17RA...
December 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yanling Qin, Youfan Jiang, Awais Shafiq Sheikh, Shanshan Shen, Jing Liu, Depeng Jiang
Transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A), a channel underlying the calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC) currents, has been shown to be a key regulator of mucus overproduction in airway epithelial cells. However, the precise molecular mechanism involved in the TMEM16A-mediated mucus secretion remains unclear. In the present study, we inquired into a novel signaling mechanism for TMEM16A driving mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) production in human airway epithelial cells. Following treatment for 24-48h with type 13 interleukin (IL-13), an upregulation of TMEM16A expression in both mRNA and protein levels was observed in human bronchial epithelial cell line (HBE16), while signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) inhibition could decrease this elevated expression, suggesting that the regulation of TMEM16A expression by IL-13 was via a STAT6-based transcriptional mechanism...
November 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Wei Du, Jinyu Su, Dan Ye, Yuegang Wang, Qiaobing Huang, Xiaowei Gong
Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are widely used to manage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, withdrawal of ICS generally causes various adverse effects, warranting careful management of the ICS withdrawal. Pinellia ternata, a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, has been used to treat respiratory diseases in China for centuries. Here, we investigated its role in antagonizing ICS withdrawal-induced side effects, and explored the underlying mechanisms. The rat COPD model was established using a combination of passive cigarette smoking and intratracheal instillation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Luisa H Colorado, Nicola Pritchard, Brendan G Cronin, Nathan Efron
PURPOSE: To confirm that structures presumed to be GCs observed using laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM) are actually GCs. METHODS: A single tissue sample was obtained from a pterygium that was freshly excised from a 33-year-old male. After viewing what were believed to be GCs in the tissue sample using LSCM, the same sample was observed using laboratory confocal microscopy and immunohistochemistry. GCs were identified by a combination of classic morphologic appearance and the use of immunofluorescence to antibodies for mucin 5AC and cytokeratin-7...
August 2016: Cornea
Tomoko Akutsu, Hisako Saito, Hirotaro Iwase, Ken Watanabe, Ayari Takamura, Koichi Sakurada, Sachio Miyasaka
The identification of vomit stains may be helpful for crime scene reconstruction. However, there is no specific and convenient method for identifying vomit stain. Therefore, to establish the procedure for forensic identification of vomit stains, we focused on four gastric mucosa-expressing proteins, pepsinogen I (PGA), pepsinogen II (PGC), gastrin (GAST), and mucin 5AC (MUC5AC). We developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedures for the detection of these four candidate proteins. The specificity and sensitivity of ELISA detection of these proteins were analyzed, and applicability for the identification of vomit in forensic casework samples was also investigated...
March 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Khayal Al-Khayal, Maha Abdulla, Omar Al-Obaid, Ahmad Zubaidi, Mansoor-Ali Vaali-Mohammed, Abdulmalik Alsheikh, Rehan Ahmad
Mucin overexpression has been implicated in the tumorigenesis and progression of colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, data obtained on the prognostic importance of mucin expression in CRC is inconsistent. Due to lack of data on mucin expression and the increase in CRC incidence in Saudi Arabia, the aim of the present study was to analyze the mucin expression profile in patients with CRC in this ethnic group. The present study consisted of 22 patients that underwent surgery for CRC. Histopathological and immunohistochemical staining was performed on CRC tumor and adjacent normal tissues...
July 2016: Oncology Letters
Ji Eun Lee, Yeon Hoo Kim, Chae Seo Rhee, Dong Young Kim
PURPOSE: Although the concept of "one airway, one disease," which includes the middle ear space as part of the united airway is well recognized, the role of allergens in otitis media with effusion (OME) is not clearly understood. We aimed to investigate the effect of the interaction between Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the induction of epithelial inflammatory response in vitro. METHODS: Primary human middle ear epithelial cells were exposed to Der f, LPS, or both in different sequences, and the magnitude of the immunologic responses was compared...
September 2016: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Ha Kyun Kim, Jin Ho Kook, Ka Ram Kang, Dong Ju Oh, Tae Hoon Kim, Sang Hag Lee
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Mucus hypersecretion is a hallmarks of chronic rhinosinusitis. The expression of MUC5AC, a major respiratory mucin gene, is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis. The mechanisms inducing mucus hypersecretion have not been fully evaluated in chronic rhinosinusitis. Human Ca(2+) -activated Cl- channel 1 (hCLCA1) is implicated in the regulation of mucus production, airway fluid, and electrolyte transport. The present study objectives was to investigate the expression of hCLCA1 in chronic rhinosinusitis and evaluate whether its level is altered by stimulation with type 1 T helper (Th1) and Th2 cytokines, and to determine the possible role of hCLCA1 on the regulation of mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) production...
June 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jiwon Chang, Yoon Young Go, Moo Kyun Park, Sung-Won Chae, Seon-Heui Lee, Jae-Jun Song
OBJECTIVES: Asia sand dust (ASD) is known to cause various human diseases including respiratory infection. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of ASD on inflammatory response in human middle ear epithelial cells (HMEECs) in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cell viability was assessed using the cell counting kit-8 assay. The mRNA levels of various genes including COX-2, TNF-a, MUC 5AC, MUC 5B, TP53, BAX, BCL-2, NOX4, and SOD1 were analyzed using semiquantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
Jingjin Jiang, Yuehong Wang, Xiaoping Tang, Yinan Yao, Jianying Zhou
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is involved in the virus-induced pulmonary inflammatory response, but its role in airway remodeling after viral infection is unclear. We explored the role of TLR3 in poly(I:C)-induced inflammatory cytokines and mucin 5AC (MUC5AC) production in human bronchial epithelial cells by Western blotting, RT-PCR and ELISA. The expression of TLR3, MUC5AC, Matrixmetalloproteinase (MMP9), Transforming growth factor (TGF-β1) and Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in human bronchial epithelial cells increased in a dose-dependent manner after exposure to poly(I:C), and this effect was inhibited by treatment with TLR3 siRNA...
December 2016: COPD
Sheng Wang, Lingling Xiong, Xue Deng, Qun Zhou, Chunying Li, Wei Ren, Chundong Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the role of aminophylline and simvastatin in preventing and curing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to explore the underlying mechanisms based on airway inflammation and mucus hypersecretion.
 METHODS: The rat model of COPD was established by combination of cigarette smoking with intratracheal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) injection. Male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10 per group): a control group, a COPD group, an aminophylline group and a simvastatin group...
January 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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