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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#1
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627898/subjective-reactions-to-international-research-participation-an-illustration-of-ethical-considerations-with-women-heading-households-in-sri-lanka
#2
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
here are unique ethical considerations in conducting international research with war and disaster-affected populations that are important for ensuring adequate protection of participants. Of particular importance is the distress that participants may experience as a result of being asked about traumatic stressors, psychological symptoms, and life problems. In this study, trauma-affected Tamil women in Eastern Sri Lanka were asked to report on their research-participation experience after taking part in a larger study on risk and resiliency...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625220/economic-spillovers-from-public-investments-in-medical-countermeasures-a-case-study-of-a-burn-debridement-product
#3
Farah Farahati, Scott Nystrom, David R Howell, Richard Jaffe
OBJECTIVE: The US federal government invests in the development of medical countermeasures for addressing adverse health effects to the civilian population from chemical, biological, and radiological or nuclear threats. We model the potential economic spillover effects in day-to-day burn care for a federal investment in a burn debridement product for responding to an improvised nuclear device. METHODS: We identify and assess 4 primary components for projecting the potential economic spillover benefits of a burn debridement product: (1) market size, (2) clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness, (3) product cost, and (4) market adoption rates...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617017/identifying-trajectories-of-change-to-improve-understanding-of-integrated-health-care-outcomes-on-ptsd-symptoms-post-disaster
#4
Howard J Osofsky, Carl F Weems, Tonya Cross Hansel, Anthony H Speier, Joy D Osofsky, Rebecca Graham, Lucy King, Timothy K Craft
INTRODUCTION: Addressing life stressors is an important function for integrated care, especially for health care homes located in disaster prone environments. This study evaluated trajectories of change for patients with postdisaster posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were seen in integrated care. In addition to describing the results, this article provides the methods of subgroup analyses as this may be useful for others working in real-world practice. METHOD: Patients (N = 340) receiving services at 5 rural health clinics self-reported PTSD symptoms as part of an ongoing evaluation to study the effectiveness of integrated health...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606191/no-calm-after-the-storm-a-systematic-review-of-human-health-following-flood-and-storm-disasters
#5
Dell D Saulnier, Kim Brolin Ribacke, Johan von Schreeb
Introduction How the burden of disease varies during different phases after floods and after storms is essential in order to guide a medical response, but it has not been well-described. The objective of this review was to elucidate the health problems following flood and storm disasters. METHODS: A literature search of the databases Medline (US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA); Cinahl (EBSCO Information Services; Ipswich, Massachusetts USA); Global Health (EBSCO Information Services; Ipswich, Massachusetts USA); Web of Science Core Collection (Thomson Reuters; New York, New York USA); Embase (Elsevier; Amsterdam, Netherlands); and PubMed (National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Institutes of Health; Bethesda, Maryland USA) was conducted in June 2015 for English-language research articles on morbidity or mortality and flood or storm disasters...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602558/public-health-information-in-crisis-affected-populations-a-review-of-methods-and-their-use-for-advocacy-and-action
#6
REVIEW
Francesco Checchi, Abdihamid Warsame, Victoria Treacy-Wong, Jonathan Polonsky, Mark van Ommeren, Claudine Prudhon
Valid and timely information about various domains of public health underpins the effectiveness of humanitarian public health interventions in crises. However, obstacles including insecurity, insufficient resources and skills for data collection and analysis, and absence of validated methods combine to hamper the quantity and quality of public health information available to humanitarian responders. This paper, the second in a Series of four papers, reviews available methods to collect public health data pertaining to different domains of health and health services in crisis settings, including population size and composition, exposure to armed attacks, sexual and gender-based violence, food security and feeding practices, nutritional status, physical and mental health outcomes, public health service availability, coverage and effectiveness, and mortality...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592335/disaster-management-structure-of-universities-case-study-of-the-central-campus-of-the-university-of-tehran
#7
Babak Omidvar, Kayvan Karimloo, Sadegh Tavakoli Sani, Hassan Darabi
OBJECTIVE: Research on the disaster management plans of renowned universities worldwide shows that such plans are generally compiled in 3 categories: structural, nonstructural, and organizational sections. The importance of earthquakes in Tehran and the high vulnerability of the University of Tehran to earthquakes encouraged us to challenge the university's plans concerning disaster management. METHODS: An initial attempt was made to analyze the disaster management of 23 renowned universities worldwide and their structure compared with the present organizational structure of the University of Tehran...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587195/the-use-of-chemoprophylaxis-after-floods-to-reduce-the-occurrence-and-impact-of-leptospirosis-outbreaks
#8
Maria Cristina Schneider, Jorge Velasco-Hernandez, Kyung-Duk Min, Deise Galan Leonel, David Baca-Carrasco, Matthew E Gompper, Rudy Hartskeerl, Claudia Munoz-Zanzi
Record-breaking and devastating rainfall events have occurred in the past decade. Rain and floods are considered the main risk factors for leptospirosis and several outbreaks have been reported following extreme weather events. In such situations, one possible intervention to prevent leptospirosis cases in high-risk groups is the use of chemoprophylaxis. However, not enough evidence of its effect is available. The objectives of this study were to review the literature on the current practices of chemoprophylaxis for leptospirosis and to explore, using a mathematical model, how various chemoprophylaxis scenarios may affect the progression of a leptospirosis outbreak...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569712/reconstructing-the-linear-no-threshold-model-in-japan-a-historical-perspective-on-the-technics-of-evaluating-radiation-exposure
#9
Lisa Onaga
The 2011 nuclear power plant disaster and subsequent medical surveys of citizens in Fukushima Prefecture have helped reopen questions about competing models' effects of long-term, low-dose radiation exposure on human health. A reconstruction of how Japanese scientists studied low-dose effects of radiation in the years following the 1954 Castle Bravo detonation can deepen understandings as to why questions about the reliability of such risk analysis tools persist. Greater attention to the hopes associated with local research contributions to building international safety standards can begin to shed historical light upon how different technics of evaluating radiation effects have allowed scientists to envision either uncertain or certain futures in Japan with respect to radiation...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562238/the-orthopedic-trauma-symposium-improving-care-of-orthopedic-injuries-in-haiti
#10
Ryan Normore, Helena Greene, Allison DeLong, Andrew Furey
BACKGROUND: Although single-trip volunteer medical teams can provide much-needed acute trauma care following natural disasters, their ability to leave a legacy of improved care in the region is often limited. One way to improve treatment of traumatic injuries is through conference-based teaching, such as the Orthopedic Trauma Symposium (OTS), which took place in Haiti in 2014. However, there is little research evaluating the effectiveness of such teaching tools. We evaluated the OTS and the potential benefits of future iterations of the course...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562198/challenges-for-providing-health-care-in-traumatized-populations-barriers-for-ptsd-treatments-and-the-need-for-new-developments
#11
Evaldas Kazlauskas
There is a growing recognition about the effects of traumatic experiences on mental health worldwide. With ongoing conflicts, natural disasters, interpersonal violence, and other traumatic events it is estimated that approximately 70% of the global population have been exposed to at least one lifetime traumatic experience. Research shows a substantial proportion of survivors, especially in low- and middle-income countries, would have a posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). During recent decades effective evidence-based treatments for PTSD have been developed...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560942/categorization-and-analysis-of-disaster-health-publications-an-inventory
#12
Marvin L Birnbaum, Sowmya Adibhatla, Olivia Dudek, Jessica Ramsel-Miller
Disaster Medicine is a relatively new discipline. Understanding of the current status of its science is needed in order to develop a roadmap for the direction and structure of future studies that will contribute to building the science of the health aspects of disasters (HADs). The objective of this study was to examine the existing, peer-reviewed literature relevant to the HADs to determine the status of the currently available literature underlying the science of the HADs. A total of 709 consecutive, peer-reviewed articles published from 2009-2014 in two disaster-health-related medical journals, Prehospital and Disaster Medicine (PDM) and Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness (DMPHP), were examined...
May 31, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554341/crowd-simulations-and-determining-the-critical-density-point-of-emergency-situations
#13
Gholamreza Khademipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Seyed Mohammad Saberi Anari, Maryam Sadeghi, Hojjat Ebrahimnejad, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
OBJECTIVE: In modern societies, crowds and mass gatherings are recurrent. A combination of inadequate facilities and inefficient population management can lead to injury and death. Simulating people's behavior in crowds and mass gatherings can assist in the planning and management of gatherings, especially in emergency situations. METHODS: We aimed to determine the crowd pattern and the critical density point in the grand bazaar of Kerman in Iran. We collected data by use of a census method with a questionnaire...
May 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536808/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-assessment-prevention-and-intervention
#14
REVIEW
Leo Wolmer, Daniel Hamiel, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to review the research literature regarding the needs of preschoolers in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding the existing methods for assessment, prevention, and intervention to provide recommendations and point out required research and development. RECENT FINDINGS: We differentiate between screening tools that provide initial evaluation and assessment tools for diagnosing preschooler children's pathology and review possible interventions that address the preschool child's needs before, during, and after the incident itself...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534840/birth-outcomes-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-disaster-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#15
Claire Leppold, Shuhei Nomura, Toyoaki Sawano, Akihiko Ozaki, Masaharu Tsubokura, Sarah Hill, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiroshi Anbe
Changes in population birth outcomes, including increases in low birthweight or preterm births, have been documented after natural and manmade disasters. However, information is limited following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster. In this study, we assessed whether there were long-term changes in birth outcomes post-disaster, compared to pre-disaster data, and whether residential area and food purchasing patterns, as proxy measurements of evacuation and radiation-related anxiety, were associated with post-disaster birth outcomes...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534295/addressing-the-needs-of-preschool-children-in-the-context-of-disasters-and-terrorism-clinical-pictures-and-moderating-factors
#16
REVIEW
Daniel Hamiel, Leo Wolmer, Lee Pardo-Aviv, Nathaniel Laor
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper surveys the existent theoretical and research literature regarding the needs of preschool children in the context of disasters and terrorism with the aim of understanding (a) the consequences of such events for young children and (b) the main moderating variables influencing the event-consequence association to learn how to enhance their resilience. RECENT FINDINGS: Consequences include a variety of emotional, behavioral, and biological outcomes...
July 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#17
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
July 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516144/geospatial-datasets-in-support-of-high-resolution-spatial-assessment-of-population-vulnerability-to-climate-change-in-nepal
#18
Janardan Mainali, Narcisa G Pricope
We present a geographic information system (GIS) dataset with a nominal spatial resolution of one-kilometer composed of grid polygons originally derived and utilized in a high-resolution climate vulnerability model for Nepal. The different data sets described and shared in this article are processed and tailored to the specific objectives of our research paper entitled "High-resolution Spatial Assessment of Population Vulnerability to Climate Change in Nepal" (Mainali and Pricope, In press) [1]. We share these data recognizing that there is a significant gap in regards to data availability, the spatial patterns of different biophysical and socioeconomic variables, and the overall population vulnerability to climatic variability and disasters in Nepal...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503931/burnout-among-healthcare-workers-at-l-aquila-its-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#19
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Vincenzo Abbossida, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout, which is now recognized as a real problem in terms of its negative outcome on healthcare efficiency, is a stress condition that can be increased by exposure to natural disasters, such as the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. This study aims to evaluate burnout syndrome, its associated risk factors and stress levels, and the individual coping strategies among healthcare professionals at L'Aquila General Hospital. A cross-sectional study of 190 healthcare workers was conducted. There was a questionnaire for the collection of the socio-demographic, occupational and anamnestic data, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-12 items (GHQ-12) and the Brief COPE were used...
May 15, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503360/risk-criteria-in-hospital-site-selection-a-systematic-review
#20
Mohammad Javad Moradian, Ali Ardalan, Amir Nejati, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Ali Akbarisari, Behnaz Rastegarfar
INTRODUCTION: Hospitals should be safe and remain functional in emergencies and disasters as it is mentioned in the Sendai Framework. Proper selection of a hospital location has a direct effect on survival of affected population in disasters as well as cost and benefit of the hospital in non-emergency situation. Different studies applied different criteria for Hospital Site Selection (HSS). The present study through a systematic review aimed to find out a categorized criteria list that have been used for (HSS) in the literature...
May 1, 2017: PLoS Currents
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