keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Research disaster

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153550/why-a-disaster-is-not-just-normal-business-ramped-up-disaster-response-among-ed-nurses
#1
Karen S Hammad, Paul Arbon, Kristine Gebbie, Alison Hutton
BACKGROUND: The emergency department (ED) is a familiar place for the emergency nurse who spends their working days inside it. A disaster threatens that familiarity and creates changes that make working in the ED during a disaster response different from the everyday experience of working in the ED. METHODS: This research reports on an aspect of the findings from a larger study about the experience of working as a nurse in the ED during a disaster response. Thirteen nurses from 8 different countries were interviewed about their experience...
November 15, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149652/estimation-of-stature-from-hand-and-handprint-measurements-in-iban-population-in-sarawak-malaysia-and-its-applications-in-forensic-investigation
#2
Nuranis-Raihan Zulkifly, Roswanira Abd Wahab, Elizabeth Layang, Dzulkiflee Ismail, Wan Nur Syuhaila Mat Desa, Salina Hisham, Naji A Mahat
Handprints and dismembered hands are commonly found during crime scene investigations and disaster victim identifications, respectively. It has been indicated that the accuracy of handprint and hand measurements for estimating stature maybe population specific. Since Iban is the largest ethnic population in Sarawak, Malaysia and because the application of anthropometry of hand and handprint within this population as well as other populations within the Southeast Asian countries remain unreported, this present study that investigated the reliability and accuracy of these two anthropometric aspects acquires forensic significance...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149395/shaken-baby-syndrome-what-certainty-do-we-have
#3
Matthieu Vinchon
BACKGROUND: Shaken baby syndrome is a common and devastating disease in infants. In spite of its frequency, many controversies persist, regarding the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management. AIM OF THE STUDY: We reviewed several salient and challenging issues related to SBS, like its pathogenesis, predisposing factors, differential diagnosis, and prevention programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We derive arguments from the literature and from our prospective registry of accidental and non-accidental traumas in infants...
October 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149316/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-the-formal-and-informal-health-system-responses-to-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes
#4
Olivia Crane, Julie Balen, Bhimsen Devkota, Sudha Ghimire, Simon Rushton
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized for their potential contributions to health service delivery in Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As well as playing a role in improving the provision of health services under everyday 'normal' circumstances, ICTs can also be important in preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from disasters. This research explores the use of ICTs in a natural disaster situation in Nepal, a country affected by a series of strong earthquakes in 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144432/climate-change-and-schools-environmental-hazards-and-resiliency
#5
Perry E Sheffield, Simone A M Uijttewaal, James Stewart, Maida P Galvez
The changing climate is creating additional challenges in maintaining a healthy school environment in the United States (U.S.) where over 50 million people, mostly children, spend approximately a third of their waking hours. Chronic low prioritization of funds and resources to support environmental health in schools and lack of clear regulatory oversight in the U.S. undergird the new risks from climate change. We illustrate the extent of risk and the variation in vulnerability by geographic region, in the context of sparse systematically collected and comparable data particularly about school infrastructure...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125424/understanding-postdisaster-substance-use-and-psychological-distress-using-concepts-from-the-self-medication-hypothesis-and-social-cognitive-theory
#6
Adam C Alexander, Kenneth D Ward
This article applies constructs from the Self-Medication Hypothesis and Social Cognitive Theory to explain the development of substance use and psychological distress after a disaster. A conceptual model is proposed, which employs a sequential mediation model, identifying perceived coping self-efficacy, psychological distress, and self-medication as pathways to substance use after a disaster. Disaster exposure decreases perceived coping self-efficacy, which, in turn, increases psychological distress and subsequently increases perceptions of self-medication in vulnerable individuals...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122057/novel-it-application-for-reverse-triage-selection-a-pilot-study
#7
Gwen Pollaris, Stéphanie Note, Didier Desruelles, Marc Sabbe
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate an evidence-based information technology (IT) application that guides clinical decision-making during the reverse-triage selection process in mass casualty incidents. METHODS: Based upon 28 validated critical interventions (CI) relevant for determining whether a patient qualifies for early discharge, we developed the Reverse Triage Tool of Leuven (RTTL). The RTTL is compatible with the health electronic record (HER) of UZ Leuven, a tertiary hospital in Belgium...
November 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120843/the-relationship-between-ptsd-depression-and-negative-life-events-ya-an-earthquake-three-years-later
#8
Yuchang Jin, Cuicui Sun, Fenfen Wang, Junxiu An, Jiuping Xu
PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder) is a common post-disaster psychological condition which research has shown to have comorbidity with depression. To explore the relationship between PTSD and depression further, a cross-sectional study design was adopted. Three years after the Ya'an earthquake, 4137 adolescents (mean age 15.12) who had personally experienced the earthquake were assessed. The study results showed that PTSD significantly predicted future depression, with the effect being partially mediated by the negative life events after the earthquake...
September 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116130/atomic-configuration-of-point-defect-clusters-in-ion-irradiated-silicon-carbide
#9
Y R Lin, L G Chen, C Y Hsieh, M T Chang, K Y Fung, A Hu, S C Lo, F R Chen, J J Kai
Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a promising cladding material for accident-tolerant fuel in light water reactors due to its excellent resistance to chemical attacks at high temperatures, which can prevent severe accident-induced environmental disasters. Although it has been known for decades that radiation-induced swelling at low temperatures is driven by the formation of black spot defects with sizes smaller than 2 nm in irradiated SiC, the structure of these defect clusters and the mechanism of lattice expansion have not been clarified and remain as one of the most important scientific issues in nuclear materials research...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104262/research-on-storm-tide-disaster-losses-in-china-using-a-new-grey-relational-analysis-model-with-the-dispersion-of-panel-data
#10
Kedong Yin, Ya Zhang, Xuemei Li
Owing to the difference of the sequences' orders and the surface structure in the current panel grey relational models, research results will not be unique. In addition, individual measurement of indicators and objects and the subjectivity of combined weight would significantly weaken the effective information of panel data and reduce the reliability and accuracy of research results. Therefore, we propose the concept and calculation method of dispersion of panel data, establish the grey relational model based on dispersion of panel data (DPGRA), and prove that DPGRA exhibits the effective properties of uniqueness, symmetry, and normality...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097975/the-role-of-the-occupational-therapist-in-disaster-areas-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
M Parente, M Tofani, R De Santis, G Esposito, V Santilli, G Galeoto
Background: Disasters are increasingly more frequent events on our planet. During disaster the role of the occupational therapist will require a more specific operative framework within nongovernmental organizations and community health services. Design: Systematic review. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the evidence that highlight occupational therapist's role in disaster area through a systematic review. Materials and Methods: Research on MEDLINE was performed...
2017: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094402/black-swans-cognition-and-the-power-of-learning-from-failure
#12
Allison S Catalano, Kent Redford, Richard Margoluis, Andrew T Knight
Failure carries undeniable stigma and is difficult to confront for individuals, teams, and organizations. Disciplines such as commercial and military aviation, medicine, and business have long histories of grappling with it, beginning with the recognition that failure is inevitable in every human endeavor. While conservation may arguably be more complex, conservation professionals can draw upon the research and experience of these other disciplines to institutionalize activities and attitudes that foster learning from failures, whether they are minor setbacks or major disasters...
November 1, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084392/air-conditioning-use-and-heat-related-deaths-how-a-natural-disaster-presented-a-unique-research-opportunity
#13
Carol Potera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081715/the-pros-and-cons-of-researching-events-ethnographically
#14
REVIEW
Thijs van Dooremalen
Events (remarkable, disruptive happenings) are important subjects of study for understanding processes of change. In this essay, I reflect upon the issue of what the ethnographic method has to offer for the analysis of this social phenomenon. To do so, I review three recently published ethnographic studies of events. My conclusion is that it is indeed a very useful method for understanding the feelings and ideas of people who are experiencing eventful situations, for instance around protests or natural disasters...
September 2017: Ethnography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079958/fukushima-triple-disaster-and-the-road-to-recovery-a-qualitative-exploration-of-resilience-in-internally-displaced-residents
#15
Claire L Mann, Christina N Gillezeau, Alessandro Massazza, Daniel J Lyons, Kanata Tanaka, Kazuma Yonekura, Hideharu Sekine, Robert Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Six years after the March 2011 Triple Disaster, over 35,000 Japanese individuals remain in temporary housing. Evacuated residents, many of who are elderly, face mental health challenges. This study evaluates the well being of individuals living in temporary housing within Fukushima. Reactions to relocation were explored using Photovoice, a community-based participatory research method, in which a set of research questions are examined qualitatively through photographs and interviews. Seven participants (average age = 69...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078163/migrant-deaths-at-the-arizona-mexico-border-spatial-trends-of-a-mass-disaster
#16
Alberto Giordano, M Katherine Spradley
Geographic Information Science (GIScience) technology has been used to document, investigate, and predict patterns that may be of utility in both forensic academic research and applied practice. In examining spatial and temporal trends of the mass disaster that is occurring along the U.S.-Mexico border, other researchers have highlighted predictive patterns for search and recovery efforts as well as water station placement. The purpose of this paper is to use previously collected spatial data of migrant deaths from Arizona to address issues of data uncertainty and data accuracy that affect our understanding of this phenomenon, including local and federal policies that impact the U...
August 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077045/risk-perception-and-anxiety-regarding-radiation-after-the-2011-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident-a-systematic-qualitative-review
#17
REVIEW
Yoshitake Takebayashi, Yuliya Lyamzina, Yuriko Suzuki, Michio Murakami
The purpose of this study was to provide a review of the publications of the risk perceptions or anxiety regarding radiation among people living in Japan after the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. Two database (MEDLINE and PsycINFO) and hand-searched the references in identified publications were searched. For each identified publication, the measurements and time related-change of risk perception and anxiety regarding radiation were summarized. Twenty-four publications were identified. Quantitative measures of risk perception or anxiety were roughly divided into two types: single-item Likert scales that measure anxiety about radiation; and theoretical, or model-based measures...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076236/choosing-public-or-private-emergency-departments-in-australia
#18
Katherine Walker, Michael Ben-Meir
Emergency medicine was once exclusively provided in public hospitals in Australia, but now over half a million consultations per annum are in private (7% total emergency consultations). Private EDs have excess capacity and are staffed by senior doctors (majority FACEM) with open access to investigations and broad specialist inpatient services. Public EDs struggle with rising attendances and overcapacity. Private hospitals have high levels of patient satisfaction and aim to optimise service provision. A major barrier to private ED attendances is out-of-pocket costs...
October 26, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066937/empirical-research-on-the-utility-of-a-preparation-manual-for-a-disaster-medical-response-drill
#19
Takao Arai, Shoichi Ohta, Masaki Onishi, Miyu Taniguchi, Junya Tsurukiri, Kenichiro Kumasaka, Katsuhiro Nagata, Kensuke Suzuki, Ken Harigae, Tetsuo Yukioka
PURPOSE: It is difficult for emergency physicians to plan and execute a disaster medical response drill while conducting their daily work activities. Readily available drill preparation manuals are therefore essential, alongside assessment methods to ensure quality. Here, we propose email text analysis as a manual assessment method, and investigate its validity. METHODS: The preparation status of two similar large-scale disaster medical response drills were compared...
2017: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065354/fukushima-derived-radiocesium-fallout-in-hawaiian-soils
#20
Trista McKenzie, Henrietta Dulai
Several reactors at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant suffered damage on March 11, 2011, resulting in the release of radiocesium ((134)Cs and (137)Cs), as well as other radionuclides, into the atmosphere. A week later, these isotopes were detected in aerosols over the state of Hawai'i and in milk samples analyzed on the island of Hawai'i. This study estimated the magnitude of cesium deposition in soil, collected in 2015-2016, resulting from atmospheric fallout. It also examined the patterns of cesium wet deposition with precipitation observed on O'ahu and the island of Hawai'i following the disaster...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
keyword
keyword
19672
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"