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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917620/disappearing-everyday-materials-the-displacement-of-medical-resources-following-disaster-in-fukushima-japan
#1
Sudeepa Abeysinghe, Claire Leppold, Akihiko Ozaki, Mariko Morita, Masaharu Tsubokura
This study draws upon interviews of medical staff working in the city of Minamisoma, Japan, following the 2011 Triple Disaster. It investigates staff responses to the disruption of material resources as a consequence of the disaster and its management. The disruption of spaces, and the loss of oxygen supplies, food, and medications impacted upon staff experience and the ability of institutions to care for patients. This resulted in a restructuring of spaces and materials as workers made efforts to reconfigure and reestablish healthcare functions...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914856/-the-russian-consensus-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-pancreatitis-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#2
I E Khatkov, I V Maev, D S Bordin, Yu A Kucheryavyi, S R Abdulkhakov, S A Alekseenko, E I Alieva, R B Alikhanov, I G Bakulin, A Yu Baranovsky, E V Beloborodova, E A Belousova, I M Buriev, E V Bystrovskaya, S V Vertyankin, L V Vinokurova, E I Galperin, A V Gorelov, V B Grinevich, M V Danilov, V V Darvin, E A Dubtsova, T G Dyuzheva, V I Egorov, M G Efanov, N V Zakharova, V E Zagainov, V T Ivashkin, R E Izrailov, N V Korochanskaya, E A Kornienko, V L Korobka, N Yu Kokhanenko, M A Livzan, I D Loranskaya, K A Nikolskaya, M F Osipenko, A V Okhlobystin, V D Pasechnikov, E Yu Plotnikova, S I Polyakova, O A Sablin, V I Simanenkov, N I Ursova, V V Tsvirkun, V V Tsukanov, A V Shabunin
Pancreatology Club Professional Medical Community, 1A.S. Loginov Moscow Clinical Research and Practical Center, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 2A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow; 3Kazan State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Kazan; 4Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan; 5Far Eastern State Medical University, Ministry of Health of Russia, Khabarovsk; 6Morozov City Children's Clinical Hospital, Moscow Healthcare Department, Moscow; 7I...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892452/science-in-emergency-response-at-cdc-structure-and-functions
#3
John Iskander, Dale A Rose, Neelam D Ghiya
Recent high-profile activations of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Operations Center (EOC) include responses to the West African Ebola and Zika virus epidemics. Within the EOC, emergency responses are organized according to the Incident Management System, which provides a standardized structure and chain of command, regardless of whether the EOC activation occurs in response to an outbreak, natural disaster, or other type of public health emergency. By embedding key scientific roles, such as the associate director for science, and functions within a Scientific Response Section, the current CDC emergency response structure ensures that both urgent and important science issues receive needed attention...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890218/serum-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-cardiometabolic-consequences-in-adolescents-exposed-to-the-world-trade-center-disaster-and-a-matched-comparison-group
#4
Tony T Koshy, Teresa M Attina, Akhgar Ghassabian, Joseph Gilbert, Lauren K Burdine, Michael Marmor, Masato Honda, Dinh Binh Chu, Xiaoxia Han, Yongzhao Shao, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Elaine M Urbina, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of various chemical contaminants, including perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), were released at the time of the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster. Thousands of children who lived and/or attended school near the disaster site were exposed to these substances but few studies have examined the possible consequences related to these exposures. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship of PFASs serum levels with cardiometabolic profile in children and adolescents enrolled in the World Trade Center Health Registry (WTCHR) and a matched comparison group...
September 7, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#5
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#6
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#7
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880811/the-role-of-religion-in-youth-exposed-to-disasters-in-sri-lanka
#8
Gaithri A Fernando, Dale E Berger
Little research is available on the role of religious coping among youth exposed to disasters. This study examined the role of general and religious coping in a sample of 669 Sri Lankan Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, and Christian youth (mean age = 14). Youth completed a survey with measures of exposure to disaster-related stressors, psychological and psychosocial functioning, and general and religious coping. Exposure to stressors was the most consistent predictor of negative outcomes, while approach-related coping predicted better outcomes for Buddhist and Hindu youth...
October 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880607/mind-body-therapy-for-military-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#9
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun
OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876217/-we-are-disaster-response-experts-a-qualitative-study-on-the-mental-health-impact-of-volunteering-in-disaster-settings-among-combat-veterans
#10
Derrick Kranke, Eugenia L Weiss, Kevin C Heslin, Aram Dobalian
Volunteers serving in a disaster context may experience harmful mental health effects that could impede rescue operations. Exploratory research suggests that combat veterans who volunteer in Team Rubicon (TR)-a disaster relief social service organization with the mission of uniting the skills and experiences of military Veterans with first responders to rapidly deploy emergency response teams-have positive mental health responses when providing disaster relief. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify those nuances associated with combat veterans' mental health response in TR...
September 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857057/health-sector-responses-to-address-the-impacts-of-climate-change-in-nepal
#11
Meghnath Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Raja Ram Pote-Shrestha, David A Groneberg, Ulrich Kuch
Nepal is highly vulnerable to global climate change, despite its negligible emission of global greenhouse gases. The vulnerable climate-sensitive sectors identified in Nepal's National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change 2010 include agriculture, forestry, water, energy, public health, urbanization and infrastructure, and climate-induced disasters. In addition, analyses carried out as part of the NAPA process have indicated that the impacts of climate change in Nepal are not gender neutral...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854217/perception-of-recovery-of-households-affected-by-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-a-structural-equation-model
#12
Le Lin, Ying Wang, Tianxue Liu
Much of the literature on recovery focuses on the economy, the physical environment and infrastructure at a macro level, which may ignore the personal experiences of affected individuals during recovery. This paper combines internal factors at a micro level and external factors at a macro level to model for understanding perception of recovery (PoR). This study focuses on areas devastated by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. With respect to three recovery-related aspects (house recovery condition (HRC), family recovery power (FRP) and reconstruction investment (RI)), structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854146/evaluation-of-the-carcinogenic-risks-at-the-influence-of-pops
#13
Aiman Nazhmetdinova, Adlet Kassymbayev, Altinay Chalginbayeva
INTRODUCTION: Kazakhstan is included in the list of environmentally vulnerable countries and Kyzylorda oblast in particular. This is due to its geographical, spatial and temporal and socioeconomic features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of the program "Integrated approaches in the management of public health in the Aral region", we have carried out an expertise on many samples of natural environments and products. Samples were selected in accordance with sampling procedures according to regulatory documents by specialists of the Pesticide Toxicology Laboratory...
August 30, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846915/humanitarian-forensic-action-its-origins-and-future
#14
Stephen Cordner, Morris Tidball-Binz
Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research...
August 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845205/medicolegal-death-scene-investigations-after-natural-disaster-and-weather-related-events-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Luciana A Rocha, Catharine Q Fromknecht, Sarah Davis Redman, Joanne E Brady, Sarah E Hodge, Rebecca S Noe
BACKGROUND: The number of disaster-related deaths recorded by vital statistics departments often differs from that reported by other agencies, including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-National Weather Service storm database and the American Red Cross. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has launched an effort to improve disaster-related death scene investigation reporting practices to make data more comparable across jurisdictions, improve accuracy of reporting disaster-related deaths, and enhance identification of risk and protective factors...
June 1, 2017: Acad Forensic Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838329/using-an-education-intervention-to-increase-preparedness-among-pet-owners-results-of-a-pilot-study
#16
Lisa R Baker, Loretta A Cormier, Laura K Vogtle
OBJECTIVES: Households with pets are considered a high-risk population, presenting many challenges to response and recovery efforts. Research indicates that households with pets are less likely to evacuate during disasters, and pets left behind pose a health risk to relief workers and the general public. This pilot study explores a brief education intervention targeting households with pets as a method of increasing general household preparedness, with the purpose of facilitating evacuation and protective behaviors in this population...
August 25, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837980/-chances-and-risks-of-telemedicine-in-orthopaedics-and-trauma-surgery
#17
Martin Holderried, Madeleine Schlipf, Ansgar Höper, Reinhard Meier, Ulrich Stöckle, Tobias Maximilian Kraus
Background The use of information technology (IT) in health care has continuously increased. This includes software solutions for digitalisation, data storage and innovative approaches in diagnostics. The facilitation of the access to specific information, even by the patient, has changed daily clinical work. Patients inform themselves about symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment options. This urge for information and the wish for the best treatment is summarised in the expression "patient empowerment"...
August 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836863/the-de-novo-synthesis-of-horsepox-virus-implications-for-biosecurity-and-recommendations-for-preventing-the-reemergence-of-smallpox
#18
Gregory D Koblentz
In March 2017, the American biotech company Tonix announced that a Canadian scientist had synthesized horsepox virus as part of a project to develop a safer vaccine against smallpox. The first de novo synthesis of an orthopoxvirus, a closely related group of viruses that includes horsepox and the variola virus that causes smallpox, crosses an important Rubicon in the field of biosecurity. The synthesis of horsepox virus takes the world one step closer to the reemergence of smallpox as a threat to global health security...
August 24, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834176/climate-change-related-water-disasters-impact-on-population-health
#19
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Clifton P Thornton, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Annah K Bender, Stella Seal, Andrew Corley
PURPOSE: Rising global temperatures have resulted in an increased frequency and severity of cyclones, hurricanes, and flooding in many parts of the world. These climate change-related water disasters (CCRWDs) have a devastating impact on communities and the health of residents. Clinicians and policymakers require a substantive body of evidence on which to base planning, prevention, and disaster response to these events. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature concerning the impact of CCRWDs on public health in order to identify factors in these events that are amenable to preparedness and mitigation...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831946/long-term-recovery-from-hurricane-sandy-evidence-from-a-survey-in-new-york-city
#20
Elisaveta P Petkova, Jaishree Beedasy, Eun Jeong Oh, Jonathan J Sury, Erin M Sehnert, Wei-Yann Tsai, Michael J Reilly
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine a range of factors influencing the long-term recovery of New York City residents affected by Hurricane Sandy. METHODS: In a series of logistic regressions, we analyzed data from a survey of New York City residents to assess self-reported recovery status from Hurricane Sandy. RESULTS: General health, displacement from home, and household income had substantial influences on recovery. Individuals with excellent or fair health were more likely to have recovered than were individuals with poor health...
August 23, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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