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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783686/routing-protocols-for-underwater-wireless-sensor-networks-taxonomy-research-challenges-routing-strategies-and-future-directions
#1
Anwar Khan, Ihsan Ali, Abdullah Ghani, Nawsher Khan, Mohammed Alsaqer, Atiq Ur Rahman, Hasan Mahmood
Recent research in underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) has gained the attention of researchers in academia and industry for a number of applications. They include disaster and earthquake prediction, water quality and environment monitoring, leakage and mine detection, military surveillance and underwater navigation. However, the aquatic medium is associated with a number of limitations and challenges: long multipath delay, high interference and noise, harsh environment, low bandwidth and limited battery life of the sensor nodes...
May 18, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781406/analysis-of-emergency-health-care-workforce-and-service-readiness-for-a-mass-casualty-event-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#2
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Fiona Boland, Declan Patton, Tom O'Connor, Zena Moore, Sarah Schneider-Firestone
OBJECTIVE: Ultimately, a country's capacity for a large-scale major emergency response will be directly related to the competence of its health care provider (HCP) workforce and communication between emergency responders and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to assess HCP preparedness and service readiness for a major emergency involving mass casualties (mass casualty event or MCE) in Ireland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a 53-item survey was administered to a purposive sample of emergency responders and HCPs in the Republic of Ireland...
May 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779724/the-emerging-use-of-social-media-for-health-related-purposes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-scoping-review
#3
Emily Hagg, V Susan Dahinten, Leanne M Currie
BACKGROUND: Social media allows for instant access to, and dissemination of, information around the globe. Access to social media in low- and middle-income countries has increased exponentially in recent years due to technological advances. Despite this growth, the use of social media in low- and middle-income countries is less well-researched than in high-income countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify, explore and summarize the current state of the literature on the use of social media for health in low- and middle-income countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777320/ethical-issues-in-conducting-research-with-children-and-families-affected-by-disasters
#4
REVIEW
Regardt J Ferreira, Fred Buttell, Clare Cannon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review topical evidence on ethical issues in conducting disaster research with children and families affected by natural disasters, with an emphasis on analyzing specific vulnerabilities associated with children and families affected by disasters, identifying significant findings and trends of ethical guidelines and approaches, and discussing key observations into ethical research in a disaster setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Current evidence indicates that there is a wide range of research methods for child disaster studies...
May 18, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#5
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766312/posttraumatic-growth-as-a-response-to-natural-disasters-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Melissa Bernstein, Betty Pfefferbaum
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines factors thought to be associated with posttraumatic growth (PTG) (demographic variables, exposure, and family and social processes) among youth exposed to natural disasters, describes the relationship between PTG and posttraumatic stress, and discusses psychological processes (rumination and coping) linked to PTG. RECENT FINDINGS: Guided by PTG theory and the literature on PTG in adults, research has revealed relationships between PTG and child, environmental, and family and social factors among youth though the results are mixed...
May 16, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759807/predicting-patterns-of-disaster-related-resiliency-among-older-adult-typhoon-haiyan-survivors
#7
Joseph U Almazan, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Jazi Shaydied Monahi Alotaibi, Abdulrhman Saad B Albougami, Rotacio Gravoso, Ferdinand Abocejo, Kelly Allen, Ghose Bishwajit
Reported natural disasters are steadily increasing, yet there is limited previous research explicitly exploring the predictors of disaster resiliency among older people from typhoon-hit provinces. This study examined the relationships between life satisfaction, attitude, spirituality and locus of control towards resiliency among older adult Typhoon Haiyan survivors. A descriptive correlational design was conducted among these survivors in the Eastern Philippines. Standard multiple linear regression analysis was used in the study...
May 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#8
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#9
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741721/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#10
Sean T O'Leary, David W Kimberlin, Yvonne A Maldonado
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, each of whom is appointed to a 4-year term. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. The ACIP met on October 25 and 26, 2017, to discuss herpes zoster vaccine, the child/adolescent and adult vaccination schedules, Japanese encephalitis (JE) epidemiology and vaccines, pneumococcal vaccines, anthrax vaccines and disaster preparedness, hepatitis A outbreaks, influenza surveillance and vaccination coverage, vaccine safety, and considerations for a potential third dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine to combat ongoing mumps outbreaks...
May 7, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736219/dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-symptom-dimensions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-chinese-earthquake-survivors
#11
Gen Li, Li Wang, Chengqi Cao, Ruojiao Fang, Ping Liu, Shu Luo, Jianxin Zhang, Brain J Hall, Jon D Elhai
It has been well-documented that posttraumatic stress symptoms cause impairments in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Until now we have little data on how DSM-5 PTSD symptom dimensions relate to different aspects of HRQoL. Clarifying this question would be informative to improve the quality of life of PTSD patients. This study aimed to investigate the effects of dimensions of a well-supported seven-factor model of DSM-5 PTSD symptoms on physical and psychosocial HRQoL. A total of 1063 adult survivors of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake took part in this study nine years after the disaster...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733668/toward-understanding-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-among-trauma-affected-widows-in-sri-lanka
#12
Jessica E Lambert, Alyssa Banford Witting, Spencer James, Lakmal Ponnamperuma, Thulitha Wickrama
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we applied conservation of resources theory (Hobfoll, 1989) to explain high rates of depression and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) among war- and disaster-affected Tamil widows in the Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. We hypothesized exposure to potentially traumatic events and severity of current contextual problems would influence PTSS and depressive symptoms directly and indirectly through loss of psychological (view of self), environmental (sense of community), and energy (physical health) resources...
May 7, 2018: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#13
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731481/-association-between-mild-physical-injury-and-psychological-distress-shichigahama-health-promotion-project
#14
Akira Narita, Naoki Nakaya, Tomohiro Nakamura, Naho Tsuchiya, Mana Kogure, Ichiro Tsuji, Atsushi Hozawa, Hiroaki Tomita
Objective Although a number of previous studies have investigated the association between natural disaster-related physical injury and mental health, very few have focused on mild physical injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between natural disaster-related mild physical injury and psychological distress in a cross-sectional study.Method This study is a part of the Shichigahama Health Promotion Project, which was conducted in cooperation with the Tohoku University and Shichigahama Town, Miyagi Prefecture, after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE)...
2018: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722864/participatory-investigation-of-the-great-east-japan-disaster-photovoice-from-women-affected-by-the-calamity
#15
Mieko Yoshihama, Tomoko Yunomae
Disasters exacerbate predisaster inequities and intensify the vulnerability of women and other marginalized and disempowered groups. Thus, disaster policies and responses should incorporate the experiences and perspectives of those who are marginalized. The authors sought to conduct a participatory research project to help develop more inclusive, gender-informed disaster responses and policies in Japan. In June 2011, following three months of planning and preparation, they initiated a participatory examination of the impact of the Great East Japan Disaster using PhotoVoice methodology...
May 2, 2018: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717685/a-bibliometric-profile-of-disaster-medicine-research-from-2008-to-2017-a-scientometric-analysis
#16
Liang Zhou, Ping Zhang, Zhigang Zhang, Lidong Fan, Shuo Tang, Kunpeng Hu, Nan Xiao, Shuguang Li
ABSTRACTThis study analyzed and assessed publication trends in articles on "disaster medicine," using scientometric analysis. Data were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) of Thomson Reuters on March 27, 2017. A total of 564 publications on disaster medicine were identified. There was a mild increase in the number of articles on disaster medicine from 2008 (n=55) to 2016 (n=83). Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness published the most articles, the majority of articles were published in the United States, and the leading institute was Tohoku University...
May 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717292/outbreak-investigation-following-the-2015-earthquake-disaster-in-nepal
#17
Geeta Shakya, Baburam Marasini, Khem Bahadur Karki, Bishnu Prasad Upadhaya, Jyoti Acharya, Shailaja Adhikari, Rosham Manjhi, Laxman Maharjan, Lilee Shrestha, Kamal Ranabhat, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Bikal Shrestha, Meghnath Dhimal
BACKGROUND: Infectious disease outbreaks following natural disasters are reported in literature. Outbreaks were documented following natural disasters in many countries including Haiti. Such possibility following 2015 Nepal earthquake was a public health concern. Risk factors needed evaluation by post-disaster outbreak investigation. Hence, present study was undertaken to investigate potentials for such outbreak and to generate evidence for public health intervention. METHODS: The study was conducted between April - May, 2015, with the cooperation of National Public Health Laboratory, Epidemiology and Disease Control Division, Nepal Health Research Council and the Chinese team...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710656/analysis-of-environmental-communication-and-its-implication-for-sustainable-development-in-ethiopia
#18
Mekonnen Hailemariam Zikargae
BACKGROUND: Environmental issues have been causing debates around the globe. These issues have also got much attention in Ethiopia. Ethiopia has been adversely affected by the environmental crisis. Developing countries and the poor were depicted as unfortunate victims of climate change. The causes of climate change include deforestation, industries, mismanagement of the environment, and utilization of natural resources. One of the effects of climate change brought natural disaster what we call a drought...
April 17, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708097/adherence-to-emergency-public-health-measures-for-bioevents-review-of-us-studies
#19
Robyn R Gershon, Qi Zhi, Alexander F Chin, Ezinne M Nwankwo, Lisa M Gargano
The frequency of bioevents is increasing worldwide. In the United States, as elsewhere, control of contagion may require the cooperation of community members with emergency public health measures. The US general public is largely unfamiliar with these measures, and our understanding of factors that influence behaviors in this context is limited. The few previous reviews of research on this topic focused on non-US samples. For this review, we examined published research on the psychosocial influences of adherence in US sample populations...
April 30, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704714/strengthening-insurance-partnerships-in-the-face-of-climate-change-insights-from-an-agent-based-model-of-flood-insurance-in-the-uk
#20
Florence Crick, Katie Jenkins, Swenja Surminski
Multisectoral partnerships are increasingly cited as a mechanism to deliver and improve disaster risk management. Yet, partnerships are not a panacea and more research is required to understand the role that they can play in disaster risk management and particularly disaster risk reduction. This paper investigates how partnerships can incentivise flood risk reduction by focusing on the UK public-private partnership on flood insurance. Developing the right flood insurance arrangements to incentivise flood risk reduction and adaptation to climate change is a key challenge...
April 25, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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