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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805168/9-11-related-ptsd-among-highly-exposed-populations-a-systematic-review-15-years-after-the-attack
#1
A Lowell, B Suarez-Jimenez, L Helpman, X Zhu, A Durosky, A Hilburn, F Schneier, R Gross, Y Neria
BACKGROUND: The 11 September 2001 (9/11) attacks were unprecedented in magnitude and mental health impact. While a large body of research has emerged since the attacks, published reviews are few, and are limited by an emphasis on cross-sectional research, short time frame, and exclusion of treatment studies. Additionally, to date, there has been no systematic review of available longitudinal information as a unique data set. Consequently, knowledge regarding long-term trajectories of 9/11-related post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among highly exposed populations, and whether available treatment approaches effectively address PTSD within the context of mass, man-made disaster, remains limited...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798552/mental-health-perceptions-and-practices-of-a-cree-community-in-northern-ontario-a-qualitative-study
#2
David Danto, Russ Walsh
This project is a qualitative study of the mental health perceptions and practices of one Aboriginal community in the northern Ontario James and Hudson Bay region. Despite a shared history of trauma and oppression with the other five Cree communities in this area, as well as an added trauma of natural disaster and subsequent relocation, this community has been reported to have markedly lower rates of mental health services utilization and suicide. Interviews with eight community leaders and mental health services providers were conducted and analyzed in order to identify the features that distinguish this community...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794693/human-genetics-in-troubled-times-and-places
#3
REVIEW
Peter S Harper
The development of human genetics world-wide during the twentieth century, especially across Europe, has occurred against a background of repeated catastrophes, including two world wars and the ideological problems and repression posed by Nazism and Communism. The published scientific literature gives few hints of these problems and there is a danger that they will be forgotten. The First World War was largely indiscriminate in its carnage, but World War 2 and the preceding years of fascism were associated with widespread migration, especially of Jewish workers expelled from Germany, and of their children, a number of whom would become major contributors to the post-war generation of human and medical geneticists in Britain and America...
2018: Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792075/analysing-news-media-coverage-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquake-using-a-community-capitals-lens-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#4
Subas P Dhakal
South Asia is one of the regions of the world most vulnerable to natural disasters. Although news media analyses of disasters have been conducted frequently in various settings globally, there is little research on populous South Asia. This paper begins to fill this gap by evaluating local and foreign news media coverage of the earthquake in Nepal on 25 April 2015. It broadens the examination of news media coverage of disaster response beyond traditional framing theory, utilising community capitals (built, cultural, financial, human, natural, political, and social) lens to perform a thematic content analysis of 405 news items...
August 9, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792068/towards-a-politics-of-disaster-response-presidential-disaster-instructions-in-china-1998-2012
#5
Peng Tao, Chunliang Chen
China's disaster management system contains no law-based presidential disaster declarations; however, the national leader's instructions (pishi in Chinese) play a similar role to disaster declarations, which increase the intensity of disaster relief. This raises the question of what affects presidential disaster instructions within an authoritarian regime. This research shows that China's disaster politics depend on a crisis threshold system for operation and that the public and social features of disasters are at the core of this system...
August 9, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789726/disaster-coverage-predication-for-the-emerging-tethered-balloon-technology-capability-for-preparedness-detection-mitigation-and-response
#6
Saeed H Alsamhi, Mohd Samar Ansari, Navin S Rajput
OBJECTIVE: A disaster is a consequence of natural hazards and terrorist acts, which have significant potential to disrupt the entire wireless communication infrastructure. Therefore, the essential rescue squads and recovery operations during a catastrophic event will be severely debilitated. To provide efficient communication services, and to reduce casualty mortality and morbidity during the catastrophic events, we proposed the Tethered Balloon technology for disaster preparedness, detection, mitigation, and recovery assessment...
August 9, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771649/implementing-a-disaster-preparedness-curriculum-for-medical-students
#7
Edward H Jasper, Gregory K Wanner, Dale Berg, Katherine Berg
OBJECTIVES: Training in disaster medicine and preparedness is minimal or absent in the curricula of many medical schools in the United States. Despite a 2003 joint recommendation by the Association of American Medical Colleges and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, few medical schools require disaster training for medical students. The challenges of including disaster training in an already rigorous medical school curriculum are significant. We evaluated medical students' experiences with mandatory disaster training during a 2-year period in a medical university setting...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763731/natural-assurance-scheme-a-level-playing-field-framework-for-green-grey-infrastructure-development
#8
Benjamin Denjean, Mónica A Altamirano, Nina Graveline, Raffaele Giordano, Peter Van der Keur, David Moncoulon, Josh Weinberg, María Máñez Costa, Zdravko Kozinc, Mark Mulligan, Polona Pengal, John Matthews, Nora van Cauwenbergh, Elena López Gunn, David N Bresch
This paper proposes a conceptual framework to systematize the use of Nature-based solutions (NBS) by integrating their resilience potential into Natural Assurance Scheme (NAS), focusing on insurance value as corner stone for both awareness-raising and valuation. As such one of its core goal is to align research and pilot projects with infrastructure development constraints and priorities. Under NAS, the integrated contribution of natural infrastructure to Disaster Risk Reduction is valued in the context of an identified growing need for climate robust infrastructure...
July 29, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763054/an-improved-database-of-coastal-flooding-in-the-united-kingdom-from-1915-to-2016
#9
Ivan D Haigh, Ozgun Ozsoy, Matthew P Wadey, Robert J Nicholls, Shari L Gallop, Thomas Wahl, Jennifer M Brown
Coastal flooding caused by extreme sea levels can produce devastating and wide-ranging consequences. The 'SurgeWatch' v1.0 database systematically documents and assesses the consequences of historical coastal flood events around the UK. The original database was inevitably biased due to the inconsistent spatial and temporal coverage of sea-level observations utilised. Therefore, we present an improved version integrating a variety of 'soft' data such as journal papers, newspapers, weather reports, and social media...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760165/diagnostic-imaging-in-disasters-a-bibliometric-analysis
#10
Bo Gong, Mohammed F Mohammed, Savvas Nicolaou, Muazzam Nasrullah, Bruce B Forster, Faisal Khosa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of diagnostic imaging in the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up management of patients in response to disasters. METHODS: A MEDLINE (OVID) search of original research articles identified 177 articles on this topic published since 2000. A bibliometric analysis was conducted on the top 100 articles ranked by average yearly citation. RESULTS: The most frequently studied disaster categories were disease outbreak (55 articles), armed conflict (23 articles), terrorist incident (10 articles), and earthquake (7 articles)...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760164/acute-chemical-incidents-with-injured-first-responders-2002-2012
#11
Natalia Melnikova, Jennifer Wu, Alice Yang, Maureen Orr
Introduction First responders, including firefighters, police officers, emergency medical services, and company emergency response team members, have dangerous jobs that can bring them in contact with hazardous chemicals among other dangers. Limited information is available on responder injuries that occur during hazardous chemical incidents. METHODS: We analyzed 2002-2012 data on acute chemical incidents with injured responders from 2 Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry chemical incident surveillance programs...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755049/maternal-newborn-and-child-health-after-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes-an-investigation-of-the-long-term-gendered-impacts-of-disasters
#12
Jan Brunson
Introduction Natural disasters in resource-poor countries have differential effects on socially disadvantaged groups such as women. In addition to the acute reproductive health needs of women during the immediate response phase of a disaster, research suggests that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) may continue to be seriously impacted for numerous months, even years, after the event. Methods This ethnographic field research investigates the impacts of the 2015 Nepal earthquakes on mothers and children under five on the 6-month anniversary of the earthquakes...
July 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752914/research-in-epidemic-and-emergency-situations-a-model-for-collaboration-and-expediting-ethics-review-in-two-caribbean-countries
#13
Derrick Aarons
Various forms of research are essential in emergency, disaster and disease outbreak situations, but challenges exist including the long length of time it takes to get research proposals approved. Consequently, it would be very advantageous to have an acceptable model for efficient coordination and communication between and among research ethics committees/IRBs and ministries of health, and templates for expediting (done with speed and efficiency) ethical review of research proposals in emergency and epidemic situations to be used across the Caribbean and in other low and middle income countries...
July 28, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747681/template-free-synthesis-of-polystyrene-monoliths-for-the-removal-of-oil-in-water-emulsion
#14
Guowei Wang, Bin Yu, Shiguo Chen, Hiroshi Uyama
Oil-in-water emulsions are harmful to both humankind and environment. Frequent oil spill disasters make it urgent to develop low cost and high-efficiency materials for the treatment of oil-in-water emulsions. In this study, we report the facile template-free synthesis of macroporous polystyrene (PS) monolith from PS solution using a thermally-induced phase separation (TIPS) technique. The fabricated monolith showed high hydrophobicity, superoleophilicity, and macroporous structure. Moreover, the monolith exhibited high removal efficiency toward different oil-in-water emulsions...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738687/critical-incident-stress-debriefing-after-adverse-patient-safety-events
#15
Reema Harrison, Albert Wu
Adverse events (AEs) are common, estimated to occur in around 10% internationally. Although preventable harm can be minimized, when AEs occur it is important that they be managed appropriately. AEs can be traumatic not only for patients, their friends, and relatives, but also for the involved clinicians, who have been referred to as "second victims" in a growing body of international research. Despite the frequency with which AEs occur, organizational mechanisms for supporting staff in these circumstances are not routinely embedded in healthcare settings...
May 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736806/a-skill-set-for-supporting-displaced-children-in-psychological-recovery-after-disasters
#16
REVIEW
Betty Pfefferbaum, Anne K Jacobs, Russell T Jones, Gilbert Reyes, Karen F Wyche
Helping children, adolescents, and families displaced following a natural disaster is a daunting task made more challenging by the relatively small research base to inform services and interventions. This paper describes the current literature pertaining to intervention practices used with displaced youth. Where gaps in the literature exist, we pull from the more general research on relocation and post-disaster intervention to assist practitioners in tailoring their efforts. Specifically discussed are ways to enhance youth resilience, to help youth build new social connections and adjust to change and uncertainty while coping with trauma-related symptoms, and to meet needs through the systems in which children are embedded...
September 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735696/the-network-structure-of-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-disasters
#17
Justin D Russell, Erin L Neill, Victor G Carrión, Carl F Weems
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current theoretical assumptions about the nature of pediatric posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by examining the network structure of PTSD in a sample of youth exposed to disasters and testing for age differences. Network analysis provides the opportunity to identify "central" symptoms that might hold an outsized influence over others and are important targets for research and treatment. The authors hypothesized that particular symptoms would exhibit greater influence over others...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735591/-we-expect-seniors-to-be-able-to-prepare-and-recover-from-a-cyclone-as-well-as-younger-members-of-this-community-emergency-management-s-expectations-of-older-adults-residing-in-aging-remote-hamlets-on-australia-s-cyclone-prone-coastline
#18
Sandra Astill, Evonne Miller
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which older residents feel they can remain "self-reliant" during future natural disasters and to compare the findings with the viewpoints of local policy-makers and with those charged with caring for the elderly both on a day-to-day basis and in times of crisis. METHODS: This study used an array of non-probability snowballing techniques to seek the participation of senior citizens over the age of 65 years, emergency services officers, community health carers, and local government disaster managers located in aging, remote, coastal Australian communities vulnerable to cyclones and storm surges...
July 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#19
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718093/evolvement-rules-of-basin-flood-risk-under-low-carbon-mode-part-ii-risk-assessment-of-flood-disaster-under-different-land-use-patterns-in-the-haihe-basin
#20
Fawen Li, Liping Wang, Yong Zhao
Land use pattern contains a large amount of information about the flood hazard-formative environments, which is the most sensitive factor in hazard-formative environments. In this paper, based on the land use pattern in 2008 (the base year) and in 2020 (the planning year), the comparative analysis of flood disaster risk changes in Haihe basin were studied by the spatial analysis function of ARCGIS and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results showed the flood disaster risk in Haihe basin had an obvious zonality in the space, among which low risk was located in the northwest regions, and high risk was located in the southeast regions...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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