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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921019/policies-on-protecting-vulnerable-people-during-disasters-in-iran-a-document-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Zahra Abbasi Dolatabadi, Hesam Seyedin, Aidin Aryankhesal
CONTEXT: Developing official protection policies for disasters is a main strategy in protecting vulnerable people. The aim of this study was to analyze official documents concerning policies on protecting vulnerable people during disasters. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: This study was conducted by the qualitative document analysis method. Documents were gathered by searching websites and referring to the organizations involved in disaster management. The documents were assessed by a researcher-made data collection form...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918180/tweeting-negative-emotion-an-investigation-of-twitter-data-in-the-aftermath-of-violence-on-college-campuses
#2
Nickolas M Jones, Sean P Wojcik, Josiah Sweeting, Roxane Cohen Silver
Studying communities impacted by traumatic events is often costly, requires swift action to enter the field when disaster strikes, and may be invasive for some traumatized respondents. Typically, individuals are studied after the traumatic event with no baseline data against which to compare their postdisaster responses. Given these challenges, we used longitudinal Twitter data across 3 case studies to examine the impact of violence near or on college campuses in the communities of Isla Vista, CA, Flagstaff, AZ, and Roseburg, OR, compared with control communities, between 2014 and 2015...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917305/laboratory-diagnosis-for-outbreak-prone-infectious-diseases-after-typhoon-yolanda-haiyan-philippines
#3
Mariko Saito-Obata, Mayuko Saito, Titus C Tan, Inez Andrea P Medado, Clyde Dapat, Michiko Okamoto, Raita Tamaki, Rowena C Capistrano, Edelwisa Segubre-Mercado, Socorro P Lupisan, Hitoshi Oshitani
Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) hit the central part of the Philippines on November 8, 2013. To identify possible outbreaks of communicable diseases after the typhoon, nasopharyngeal swabs, stool and blood samples were collected from patients who visited the Eastern Visayas Regional Medical Center due to acute respiratory infection (ARI), acute gastroenteritis (AGE) or other febrile illness (OFI) including suspected dengue fever, between November 28, 2013 and February 5, 2014.   Methods: Samples were tested on-site for selected pathogens using rapid diagnostic tests...
October 21, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904635/evaluation-of-reproductive-health-indicators-in-women-affected-by-east-azarbaijan-earthquake-on-august-2012
#4
Farideh Bahmanjanbeh, Shahnaz Kohan, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Abbas Haghshenas
BACKGROUND: Ignoring reproductive health services during natural disasters leads to some negative consequences such as reduced access to contraceptive methods, sexual disorders, and pregnancy complications. Despite previous researches, there is still more need for research on this area of health. This study attempts to identify the indicators of reproductive health in the women affected by the East Azarbaijan earthquake on August 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive study, reproductive health information pertaining to the years before, during, and after the earthquake were collected and compared in the health centers of the three affected cities including Ahar, Heriss, and Varzaghan as well as the health and forensics centers of the East Azarbaijan province in Iran by census method...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898554/a-history-of-pas-in-the-us-public-health-service
#5
Mark F McKinnon, Epifanio Elizondo, Susan M Bonfiglio, Robin N Hunter-Buskey, Frances P Placide, Rebecca A Bunnell
Since 1798, the men and women of the Commissioned Corps of the US Public Health Service (USPHS), one of the seven US uniformed services, have served on the front lines of public health. Two hundred years after the start of the USPHS, the first physician assistant (PA) entered the service to carry on the tradition of protecting, promoting, and advancing the health and safety of the nation. These dedicated clinicians are involved in healthcare delivery to underserved and vulnerable populations, disease control and prevention, biomedical research, food and drug regulation, and national and international response efforts for natural and man-made disasters...
December 2016: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896712/applications-of-accelerators-and-radiation-sources-in-the-field-of-space-research-and-industry
#6
REVIEW
Luigi Campajola, Francesco Di Capua
Beyond their important economic role in commercial communications, satellites in general are critical infrastructure because of the services they provide. In addition to satellites providing information which facilitates a better understanding of the space environment and improved performance of physics experiments, satellite observations are also used to actively monitor weather, geological processes, agricultural development and the evolution of natural and man-made hazards. Defence agencies depend on satellite services for communication in remote locations, as well as for reconnaissance and intelligence...
December 2016: Topics in Current Chemistry (Journal)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893165/enabling-stakeholder-involvement-in-coastal-disaster-resilience-planning
#7
Thomas P Bostick, Thomas H Holzer, Shahryar Sarkani
Coastal hazards including storm surge, sea-level rise, and cyclone winds continue to have devastating effects on infrastructure systems and communities despite costly investments in risk management. Risk management has generally not been sufficiently focused on coastal resilience, with community stakeholders involved in the process of making their coastline, as a system, more resilient to coastal storms. Thus, without stakeholder earlier involvement in coastal resilience planning for their community, they are frustrated after disasters occur...
November 28, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#8
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#9
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873298/place-attachment-and-disasters-knowns-and-unknowns
#10
Mehdi Jamali, Ali Nejat
When considering the factors important for disaster recovery, one must consider the attachment individuals have toward their living area. This article reviews and synthesizes the current literature on the determinants of place attachment in the context of postdisaster recovery. Although the majority of the reviewed articles focused on disaster recovery, there were some which had a broader scope and were included due to their importance. This research categorizes the determinants of place attachment into four categories: demographic, socioeconomic, spatial, and psychosocial...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872145/aspects-of-disaster-research-ethics-applicable-to-other-contexts
#11
Bridget Haire
In his article 'The Ebola Clinical Trials: a precedent for research ethics in disasters', Philippe Calain constructs a compelling case as to why and how experiences from the recent Ebola epidemic should be used to develop a framework for disaster research ethics. In particular, Calain proposes a useful model for assessing whether or not an unproven intervention could be suitable for human use in a disaster context, and makes a powerful argument against the separation of patient care from research goals. In this commentary, I argue that the separation of patient care goals from research goals is also unhelpful in the context of other forms of participant disadvantage even when that disadvantage is less severe than an ongoing public health emergency...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870076/disaster-mental-health-and-positive-psychology-an-afterward-to-the-special-issue
#12
Steven M Southwick, Ritvij Satodiya, Robert H Pietrzak
The articles in this Special Issue are devoted to integrating the fields of disaster mental health and positive psychology. Their focus on resilience building, individual and community preparation, meaning making, and posttraumatic growth represents an important new development in disaster mental health. The overarching goal of this effort is to inform strategies to help both individuals-including children, adolescent, adult disaster survivors, and relief workers-and communities prepare for, respond to, recover from, and possibly even grow stronger in the face of adversity...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869452/dyadic-effects-of-attachment-on-mental-health-couples-in-a-postdisaster-context
#13
H Colin Gallagher, Dean Lusher, Lisa Gibbs, Philippa Pattison, David Forbes, Karen Block, Louise Harms, Colin MacDougall, Connie Kellett, Greg Ireton, Richard A Bryant
Research on mental health following disasters has led to the identification of many individual protective and risk factors for postdisaster mental health. However, there is little understanding of the exact influence that disasters have on the functioning of intimate relationships. Especially relevant are attachment styles, which are likely to play an important role in the provision and perception of social support between partners, and subsequent mental health outcomes. Heterosexual couples (N = 127) affected by the 2009 Victorian "Black Saturday" Bushfires in southeastern Australia were surveyed for disaster experiences, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, and attachment style between May 2012 and January 2013, approximately 3 years after the disaster...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867737/developing-the-philippines-as-a-global-hub-for-disaster-risk-reduction-a-health-research-initiative-as-presented-at-the-10th-philippine-national-health-research-system-week-celebration
#14
Nicola Banwell, Jaime Montoya, Merlita Opeña, Carel IJsselmuiden, Ronald Law, Gloria J Balboa, Shannon Rutherford, Cordia Chu, Virginia Murray
The recent Philippine National Health Research System (PNHRS) Week Celebration highlighted the growing commitment to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the Philippines. The event was lead by the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development of the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Health, and saw the participation of national and international experts in DRR, and numerous research consortia from all over the Philippines. With a central focus on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, the DRR related events recognised the significant disaster risks faced in the Philippines...
October 25, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#15
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863576/federal-emergency-management-agency-response-in-rural-appalachia-a-tale-of-miscommunication-unrealistic-expectations-and-hurt-hurt-hurt
#16
REVIEW
Lauren M Oppizzi, Susan Speraw
In spring of 2012, rural southeastern Kentucky was impacted by torrential storms and flooding that activated federal disaster response through Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This qualitative research study examines the experience of community members affected by the Kentucky floods of 2012 (N=9) and describes their interactions with FEMA representatives, in their own voice, thereby giving insight into gaps in rural disaster response. The principal investigator spent 6 weeks living in the community and conducted open-ended interviews...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863575/complicated-realities-mental-health-and-moral-incongruence-in-disaster-humanitarian-response
#17
REVIEW
Suzanne M Boswell
In the course of disaster/humanitarian response, providers are exposed to chaotic environments riddled with morally complex situations. This article disseminates research findings that highlight the impact of moral incongruence on responder mental health within the disaster/humanitarian setting by focusing on the theme "Everything was gray." The information is extracted from a larger, mixed methods study examining numerous variables considered within relevant literature to be influential in the occurrence of psychological distress among disaster/humanitarian responders...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863574/all-the-resources-was-gone-the-environmental-context-of-disaster-nursing
#18
REVIEW
Stasia E Ruskie
US nurses are not prepared for the altered conditions of the disaster environment, nor has the context of providing disaster nursing care been a focus of disaster research. Using an existential phenomenologic approach, US nurses described the "not normal" conditions of the disaster environment they experienced as physically and emotionally challenging, because of the reduced infrastructural capabilities, unfamiliar patient populations, and reliance on low-technology nursing with insufficient staff and supplies...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862120/clinical-caring-science-as-a-scientific-discipline
#19
Arne Rehnsfeldt, Maria Arman, Unni Å Lindström
BACKGROUND: Clinical caring science will be described from a theory of science perspective. AIM: The aim of this theoretical article to give a comprehensive overview of clinical caring science as a human science-based discipline grounded in a theory of science argumentation. FINDINGS: Clinical caring science seeks idiographic or specific variations of the ontology, concepts and theories, formulated by caring science. The rationale is the insight that the research questions do not change when they are addressed in different contexts...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842618/research-on-modularized-design-and-allocation-of-infectious-disease-prevention-and-control-equipment-in-china
#20
Xin Zhao, Yun-Dou Wang, Xiao-Feng Zhang, Shu-Tian Gao, Li-Jun Guo, Li-Na Sun
For the prevention and control of newly emergent or sudden infectious diseases, we built an on-site, modularized prevention and control system and tested the equipment by using the clustering analysis method. On the basis of this system, we propose a modular equipment allocation method and 4 applications of this method for different types of infectious disease prevention and control. This will help to improve the efficiency and productivity of anti-epidemic emergency forces and will provide strong technical support for implementing more universal and serialized equipment in China...
November 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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