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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302150/the-forgotten-plague-psychiatric-manifestations-of-ebola-zika-and-emerging-infectious-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Veronica Tucci, Nidal Moukaddam, Jonathan Meadows, Suhal Shah, Sagar C Galwankar, G Bobby Kapur
The media and public health generally focus on the biological and physical ramifications of epidemics. Mental health issues that coincide with emerging diseases and epidemics are rarely examined and sometimes, even eschewed due to cultural considerations. Psychiatric manifestations of various infectious diseases, especially with a focus on Ebola Virus disease (EVD) and Zika Virus, are discussed in this commentary to illustrate the continued need of care after the resolution of the actual illness. Various infectious diseases have associations with mental illness, such as an increased risk of obsessive-compulsive disorders and Tourette syndrome in children with Group B streptococcal infection...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285896/increase-in-the-number-of-admissions-to-psychiatric-hospitals-immediately-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#2
Atsushi Sakuma, Ikki Ueda, Shigehito Rengi, Toshiyasu Shingai, Hiroo Matsuoka, Kazunori Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Major natural disasters have a significant impact on the mental health of survivors in affected communities. Although it has been speculated that the number of survivors requiring admission to psychiatric hospital increases immediately after a major disaster, few studies have examined the issue. METHODS: On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami devastated the relatively isolated city of Kesennuma. We therefore compared the weekly number of patients admitted to 2 psychiatric hospitals in Kesennuma in the 4 weeks immediately after the earthquake with those in the 4 weeks immediately preceding the earthquake...
December 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251537/public-health-and-law-enforcement-joint-investigation-of-unknown-suspicious-substances-and-potential-threat-evaluations-minnesota-2007-2016
#3
Tory V Whitten, Maureen M Sullivan, Stefan Saravia, Jayne Griffith, Joni M Scheftel, Richard N Danila
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. This month's column features a submission from a state health department that describes their experience in investigating white powder incidents. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
November 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230312/internet-and-mobile-technologies-addressing-the-mental-health-of-trauma-survivors-in-less-resourced-communities
#4
REVIEW
J I Ruzek, C M Yeager
Internet and mobile technologies offer potentially critical ways of delivering mental health support in low-resource settings. Much evidence indicates an enormous negative impact of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and many of these problems are caused, or worsened, by exposure to wars, conflicts, natural and human-caused disasters, and other traumatic events. Though specific mental health treatments have been found to be efficacious and cost-effective for low-resource settings, most individuals living in these areas do not have access to them...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230254/a-cross-lingual-mobile-medical-communication-system-prototype-for-foreigners-and-subjects-with-speech-hearing-and-mental-disabilities-based-on-pictograms
#5
Krzysztof Wołk, Agnieszka Wołk, Wojciech Glinkowski
People with speech, hearing, or mental impairment require special communication assistance, especially for medical purposes. Automatic solutions for speech recognition and voice synthesis from text are poor fits for communication in the medical domain because they are dependent on error-prone statistical models. Systems dependent on manual text input are insufficient. Recently introduced systems for automatic sign language recognition are dependent on statistical models as well as on image and gesture quality...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218967/call-for-national-dialogue-adapting-standards-of-care-in-extreme-events-we-are-not-ready
#6
Lynette Cusack, Kristine Gebbie
Clinical practices are based on a common understanding of nursing's professional standards in all aspects of patient care, no matter what the circumstances are. Circumstances can however, change dramatically due to emergencies, disasters, or pandemics and may make it difficult to meet the standard of care in the way nurses are accustomed. The Australian nursing profession has not yet facilitated a broad discussion and debate at the professional and institutional level about adapting standards of care under extreme conditions, a dialogue which goes beyond the content of basic emergency and disaster preparedness...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057549/flooding-what-is-the-impact-on-pregnancy-and-child-health
#8
Lea H Mallett, Ruth A Etzel
Floods are the most common type of natural disaster in both developed and developing countries and have led to extensive morbidity and mortality throughout the world. Worldwide, over the past 30 years, flooding has claimed the lives of more than 200,000 people and affected more than 2.8 billion others. The impact of flooding on health varies among populations and depends primarily on vulnerability and the kind of event experienced. It severely disrupts livelihoods and has a significant impact on the health of pregnant women and children...
October 23, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032775/noncommunicable-diseases-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-systematic-review-2011-2016
#9
Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki, Dyshelly Nurkartika Pascapurnama, Shinichi Egawa
OBJECTIVE: Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including mental disorders, have become major threats to human health worldwide. People with NCDs are particularly vulnerable to disasters. We systematically reviewed reports describing studies of NCDs at the time of the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) to clarify the circumstances of people with NCDs and to build strong measures to support them. METHODS: Relevant articles published from March 2011 through December 2016 were collected by searching the PubMed database (National Library of Medicine)...
October 16, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023139/sheltering-haitian-humanitarian-parolees-in-san-diego-a-local-health-department-s-response-to-an-international-crisis
#10
Catherine L Blaser, Christine Murto
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
September 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972706/trauma-informed-care-survey-of-psychiatrists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-middle-east
#11
Ossama T Osman, Laeth Nasir, Richard F Mollica, Taoufik Zoubeidi, James Lavelle, Noor Amawi
Objective: To explore in Arab communities the prevalence, dynamics, and resources available to address the physical and psychological consequences that may arise from psychiatric disorders. Methods: An online survey of psychiatrists and primary care physicians from 17 Arab countries was conducted between September 2011 and June 2012. The survey serves as a needs assessment in a scientifically valid and culturally sensitive manner. Additionally, it focuses attention on the clinical strengths and weaknesses of Middle Eastern primary health care and mental health centers in identifying and treating trauma-related health and mental health issues...
September 28, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961657/training-community-health-workers-to-enhance-disaster-resilience
#12
Keith Nicholls, Steven J Picou, Selena C McCord
Community health workers (CHWs) have significant potential to contribute to public health in the United States by promoting disaster preparedness, speeding postdisaster recovery, and building disaster resilience in their communities. To maximize this potential, however, they must undergo rigorous and relevant training. As part of the Gulf Region Health Outreach Program, an appropriate curriculum was developed and delivered in several training sessions conducted from 2013 to 2016. This article provides insights into the primary issues associated with such training and offers a detailed elaboration of the basic and specialized curricula as presented and adapted over the course of the program...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961656/a-framework-for-integrating-environmental-and-occupational-health-and-primary-care-in-a-postdisaster-context
#13
Katherine Kirkland, Mya Sherman, Hannah Covert, Grace Barlet, Maureen Lichtveld
CONTEXT: Integration of environmental and occupational health (EOH) into primary care settings is a critical step to addressing the EOH concerns of a community, particularly in a postdisaster context. Several barriers to EOH integration exist at the physician, patient, and health care system levels. PROGRAM: This article presents a framework for improving the health system's capacity to address EOH after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and illustrates its application in the Environmental and Occupational Health Education and Referral (EOHER) program...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956168/continuity-of-midwifery-carer-moderates-the-effects-of-prenatal-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-maternal-wellbeing-the-queensland-flood-study
#14
Sue Kildea, Gabrielle Simcock, Aihua Liu, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Adele Kahler, Marie-Paule Austin, Sally Tracy, Sue Kruske, Mark Tracy, Michael W O'Hara, Suzanne King
Poor postnatal mental health is a major public health issue, and risk factors include experiencing adverse life events during pregnancy. We assessed whether midwifery group practice, compared to standard hospital care, would protect women from the negative impact of a sudden-onset flood on postnatal depression and anxiety. Women either received midwifery group practice care in pregnancy, in which they were allocated a primary midwife who provided continuity of care, or they received standard hospital care provided by various on-call and rostered medical staff...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929984/developing-a-hospital-disaster-preparedness-plan-for-mass-casualty-incidents-lessons-learned-from-the-downtown-beirut-bombing
#15
Mazen El Sayed, Ali F Chami, Eveline Hitti
Mass casualty incidents (MCIs) are becoming more frequent worldwide, especially in the Middle East where violence in Syria has spilled over to many neighboring countries. Lebanon lacks a coordinated prehospital response system to deal with MCIs; therefore, hospital preparedness plans are essential to deal with the surge of casualties. This report describes our experience in dealing with an MCI involving a car bomb in an urban area of downtown Beirut, Lebanon. It uses general response principles to propose a simplified response model for hospitals to use during MCIs...
September 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929479/social-capital-neighborhood-disorder-and-disaster-recovery
#16
Lauren Clay, Mia Papas, David Abramson, James Kendra
OBJECTIVE: This study examined social institutions as a contextual factor that may influence perceptions of neighborhood physical and social disorder during disaster recovery. DESIGN: The study used descriptive statistics and fit logistic regression models. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Participants in this study (n = 772) were recruited from temporary housing in Louisiana and Mississippi as part of the Gulf Coast Child and Family Health Study, a longitudinal study of households heavily impacted by Hurricane Katrina...
July 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906234/an-integrated-needs-based-approach-to-health-service-and-health-workforce-planning-applications-for-pandemic-influenza
#17
Gail Tomblin Murphy, Stephen Birch, Adrian Mackenzie, Janet Rigby, Joanne Langley
Healthcare systems must be responsive to the healthcare needs of the populations they serve. However, typically neither health services nor health workforce planning account for populations' needs for care, resulting in substantial and unnecessary unmet needs. These are further exacerbated during unexpected surges in need, such as pandemics or natural disasters. To illustrate the potential of improved methods to help planning for these types of events, we applied an integrated, needs-based approach to health service and workforce planning in the context of a potential influenza pandemic at the provincial level in Canada...
August 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#18
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892452/science-in-emergency-response-at-cdc-structure-and-functions
#19
John Iskander, Dale A Rose, Neelam D Ghiya
Recent high-profile activations of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Operations Center (EOC) include responses to the West African Ebola and Zika virus epidemics. Within the EOC, emergency responses are organized according to the Incident Management System, which provides a standardized structure and chain of command, regardless of whether the EOC activation occurs in response to an outbreak, natural disaster, or other type of public health emergency. By embedding key scientific roles, such as the associate director for science, and functions within a Scientific Response Section, the current CDC emergency response structure ensures that both urgent and important science issues receive needed attention...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886610/-disaster-control-and-civil-protection-in-germany
#20
Maximilian Kippnich, Barbara Kowalzik, Rudolf Cermak, Uwe Kippnich, Peter Kranke, Thomas Wurmb
The train crash of Bad Aibling/Germany in February 2016 and the terrorist attacks of the recent years in Europe have demonstrated the urgent need to be prepared for such disastrous events. Disaster preparedness and disaster control are very important governmental duties, as are civil protection and civil defense. In Germany the responsibility for those tasks are divided between the 16 "Länder" and the Federation. While the Federation takes care of the civil protection and disaster assistance, the Länder are responsible for disaster control...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
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