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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#1
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734281/supporting-staff-through-a-complete-hospital-evacuation-and-extended-displacement-period
#2
Tamar Wyte-Lake, Anne R Griffin, Aram Dobalian
Complete hospital evacuations due to natural or man-made disasters can have repercussions on all levels of hospital operations. An extended displacement period following an evacuation exacerbates the situation. Retaining a healthy, employed workforce following a disaster is a crucial step in ensuring that a facility is effectively staffed when it returns to normal operations. In this article, the authors address the issue of staff support during evacuation and extended displacement by examining the actions taken by the leadership of the VA New York Harbor Health Care System, a Veterans Health Administration facility, in response to the evacuation and displacement caused by Superstorm Sandy in 2012...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#3
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668971/mental-health-of-nurses-after-the-fukushima-complex-disaster-a-narrative-review
#4
Hiroshi Nukui, Sanae Midorikawa, Michio Murakami, Masaharu Maeda, Akira Ohtsuru
Work-related mental health impairment is recognized as a real problem in the context of helping responders, including health professionals, due to adverse health outcomes after a severe disaster. The Great East-Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, was an unprecedented complex disaster that caused a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). In addition to disaster stress and daily work, medical and health-care professionals, particularly nurses, provided counseling services to residents concerned about radiation health risks or mental health issues...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658296/medical-and-health-surveillance-in-postaccident-recovery-experience-after-fukushima
#5
K Tanigawa
The accident at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant occurred following the huge tsunami and earthquake of 11 March 2011. After the accident, there was considerable uncertainty and concern about the health effects of radiation. In this difficult situation, emergency responses, including large-scale evacuation, were implemented. The Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was initiated 3 months after the accident. The primary purposes of FHMS were to monitor the long-term health of residents, promote their well-being, and monitor any health effects related to long-term, low-dose radiation exposure...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648605/lexical-analysis-suggests-differences-between-subgroups-in-anxieties-over-radiation-exposure-in-fukushima
#6
Arifumi Hasegawa, Manami Takahashi, Mami Nemoto, Takashi Ohba, Chieri Yamada, Shiro Matsui, Mitsuko Fujino, Kenichi Satoh
Although many experts have attempted communication about radiation risk, fears about radiation exposure stemming from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident remain deeply rooted. The characteristics of the anxiety vary with social background, which makes it difficult to alleviate with one approach. Our ultimate goal is therefore to create risk-communication materials tailored to various groups with differing social backgrounds. Towards that end, the purpose of the present study was to clarify potential factors associated with radiation-related anxieties within these groups...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624489/outbreak-protection-and-the-importance-of-paid-sick-leave
#7
Rex D Archer, Abby Edsall
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
March 2018: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618266/suicide-rates-in-evacuation-areas-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-disaster
#8
Masatsugu Orui, Yuriko Suzuki, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura
BACKGROUND: Associations between nuclear disasters and suicide have been examined to a limited extent. AIM: To clarify the suicide rates in evacuation areas after the nuclear disaster in Fukushima, which occurred in March 2011. METHOD: This descriptive study used monthly data from vital statistics between March 2009 and December 2015. Suicide rates in areas to which evacuation orders had been issued, requiring across-the-board, compulsory evacuation of residents from the entire or part of municipalities, were obtained and compared with the national average...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562887/reproductive-health-in-the-recent-disasters-of-iran-a-management-perspective
#9
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh, Katayoun Jahangiri, Reza Khani Jazani
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters represent critical threats to the health, safety, and well-being of a community-including reproductive health, which has been neglected in disaster-stricken regions. The current study was undertaken to explore administrative issues related to post-disaster reproductive health systems in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative approach using in-depth unstructured interviews was applied to explore the administrative issues of reproductive health systems in the affected regions...
March 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493424/in-their-own-words-disaster-and-emotion-suffering-and-mental-health
#10
Ashleigh Elain McKinzie
PURPOSE: In this article, I explore emotions, trauma, and mental health issues residents experienced after tornadoes in Tuscaloosa, Alabama and Joplin, Missouri in 2011. METHODS: The research is based on 162 interviews and fieldwork from 2013-2015. I draw from literature on social suffering and trauma to ask how experiencing mental health and trauma changes how people make sense of their social worlds. RESULTS: I discuss four common themes: 1...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490567/sharing-stories-about-medical-education-in-difficult-circumstances-conceptualizing-issues-strategies-and-solutions
#11
Judy McKimm, Michelle Mclean, Trevor Gibbs, Ewa Pawlowicz
BACKGROUND: Global economic forces, political decisions, and natural disasters are only some of the factors that affect contemporary healthcare education. Given the centrality of health in all settings, the future of healthcare education depends on how we overcome these difficult circumstances. METHODS: Through a series of collaborative activities involving healthcare educators from around the world and their attempts to overcome these difficulties, the authors have developed a conceptual model centered around the people involved, the impact of culture, and organizations and systems...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475105/the-prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-in-adolescents-eight-years-after-the-wenchuan-earthquake
#12
Bingli Du, Xiaozhi Ma, Xiancai Ou, Ye Jin, Pengwei Ren, Jing Li
In 2008, an 8.0 Richter scale earthquake devastated Wenchuan in China, which resulted in heavy casualties, and had wide-reaching psychological effects on survivors. To examine its impact on the survivors, this study aims to investigate the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in adolescents eight years after the earthquake. The cross-section survey was conducted in two different earthquake-affected areas, and data were collected from 4118 respondents. Instruments included the questionnaire on demographic information, the questionnaire on seismic exposure, PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C) questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ)...
April 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463330/a-chemical-biological-radio-nuclear-cbrn-filter-can-be-added-to-the-air-outflow-port-of-a-ventilator-to-protect-a-home-ventilated-patient-from-inhalation-of-toxic-industrial-compounds
#13
Eliezer Be'eri, Simon Owen, Maurit Beeri, Scott R Millis, Arik Eisenkraft
OBJECTIVES: Chemical-biological-radio-nuclear (CBRN) gas masks are the standard means for protecting the general population from inhalation of toxic industrial compounds (TICs), for example after industrial accidents or terrorist attacks. However, such gas masks would not protect patients on home mechanical ventilation, as ventilator airflow would bypass the CBRN filter. We therefore evaluated in vivo the safety of adding a standard-issue CBRN filter to the air-outflow port of a home ventilator, as a method for providing TIC protection to such patients...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401474/medicine-procurement-in-hospital-pharmacies-of-nepal-a-qualitative-study-based-on-the-basel-statements
#14
Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397806/something-in-the-water-hospital-responds-to-water-crisis
#15
Roberta Redfern, Jennifer Micham, Rebecca Daniels, Sue Childers
Early on August 2, 2014, in the city of Toledo, Ohio, a media alert informed the public that traces of microcystin, a hazardous toxin, had been detected in the drinking water. The warning stated that residents should not drink, boil, or even touch the contaminated water. A water crisis of this magnitude was recognized to pose a potentially serious and significant impact on patient care and safety in health care environments. ProMedica Toledo Hospital's Emergency Operation Plan addressed 3 critical issues: safe water availability, alternate cleaning solutions, and preparations for a prolonged crisis...
February 5, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384428/telehealth-at-the-us-department-of-veterans-affairs-after-hurricane-sandy
#16
Claudia Der-Martirosian, Anne R Griffin, Karen Chu, Aram Dobalian
Background Like other integrated health systems, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has widely implemented telehealth during the past decade to improve access to care for its patient population. During major crises, the US Department of Veterans Affairs has the potential to transition healthcare delivery from traditional care to telecare. This paper identifies the types of Veterans Affairs telehealth services used during Hurricane Sandy (2012), and examines the patient characteristics of those users. Methods This study conducted both quantitative and qualitative analyses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382404/indexes-of-caring-for-elderly-in-earthquakes-according-to-the-iranian-experience-a-qualitative-study
#17
Hassan Khodadadi, Soudabeh Vatankhah, Tabandeh Sadeghi
OBJECTIVE: The elderly are especially susceptible to death and injury in disasters. This study aimed to identify indexes of caring for elderly people in an earthquake according to the Iranian experience. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted during 2014-2016 by use of the content analysis technique. Data were collected through individual deep interviews with the elderly and people with experience providing services to the elderly during earthquakes in an urban area of Iran...
January 31, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302150/the-forgotten-plague-psychiatric-manifestations-of-ebola-zika-and-emerging-infectious-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Veronica Tucci, Nidal Moukaddam, Jonathan Meadows, Suhal Shah, Sagar C Galwankar, G Bobby Kapur
The media and public health generally focus on the biological and physical ramifications of epidemics. Mental health issues that coincide with emerging diseases and epidemics are rarely examined and sometimes, even eschewed due to cultural considerations. Psychiatric manifestations of various infectious diseases, especially with a focus on Ebola Virus disease (EVD) and Zika Virus, are discussed in this commentary to illustrate the continued need of care after the resolution of the actual illness. Various infectious diseases have associations with mental illness, such as an increased risk of obsessive-compulsive disorders and Tourette syndrome in children with Group B streptococcal infection...
October 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285896/increase-in-the-number-of-admissions-to-psychiatric-hospitals-immediately-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#19
Atsushi Sakuma, Ikki Ueda, Shigehito Rengi, Toshiyasu Shingai, Hiroo Matsuoka, Kazunori Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Major natural disasters have a significant impact on the mental health of survivors in affected communities. Although it has been speculated that the number of survivors requiring admission to psychiatric hospital increases immediately after a major disaster, few studies have examined the issue. METHODS: On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami devastated the relatively isolated city of Kesennuma. We therefore compared the weekly number of patients admitted to 2 psychiatric hospitals in Kesennuma in the 4 weeks immediately after the earthquake with those in the 4 weeks immediately preceding the earthquake...
December 28, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251537/public-health-and-law-enforcement-joint-investigation-of-unknown-suspicious-substances-and-potential-threat-evaluations-minnesota-2007-2016
#20
Tory V Whitten, Maureen M Sullivan, Stefan Saravia, Jayne Griffith, Joni M Scheftel, Richard N Danila
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. This month's column features a submission from a state health department that describes their experience in investigating white powder incidents. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
November 2017: Health Security
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