keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Health issues in disaster

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906234/an-integrated-needs-based-approach-to-health-service-and-health-workforce-planning-applications-for-pandemic-influenza
#1
Gail Tomblin Murphy, Stephen Birch, Adrian Mackenzie, Janet Rigby, Joanne Langley
Healthcare systems must be responsive to the healthcare needs of the populations they serve. However, typically neither health services nor health workforce planning account for populations' needs for care, resulting in substantial and unnecessary unmet needs. These are further exacerbated during unexpected surges in need, such as pandemics or natural disasters. To illustrate the potential of improved methods to help planning for these types of events, we applied an integrated, needs-based approach to health service and workforce planning in the context of a potential influenza pandemic at the provincial level in Canada...
August 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899435/optimizing-visits-to-the-site-of-death-for-bereaved-families-after-disasters-and-terrorist-events
#2
Pål Kristensen, Atle Dyregrov, Lars Weisæth, Marianne Straume, Kari Dyregrov, Trond Heir, Renate Grønvold Bugge
In recent years it has been common after disasters and terrorist events to offer bereaved families the opportunity to visit the place where their loved ones died. Many report that such visits are beneficial in processing their loss. Various factors, both cognitive (eg, counteracting disbelief) and existential or emotional (eg, achieving a sense of closeness to the deceased), are associated with the experienced benefit. Nonetheless, exacerbations of trauma and grief reactions (eg, re-enactment fantasies) are common, with some of the bereaved also reporting adverse reactions after the visit...
September 13, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892452/science-in-emergency-response-at-cdc-structure-and-functions
#3
John Iskander, Dale A Rose, Neelam D Ghiya
Recent high-profile activations of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Emergency Operations Center (EOC) include responses to the West African Ebola and Zika virus epidemics. Within the EOC, emergency responses are organized according to the Incident Management System, which provides a standardized structure and chain of command, regardless of whether the EOC activation occurs in response to an outbreak, natural disaster, or other type of public health emergency. By embedding key scientific roles, such as the associate director for science, and functions within a Scientific Response Section, the current CDC emergency response structure ensures that both urgent and important science issues receive needed attention...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886610/-disaster-control-and-civil-protection-in-germany
#4
Maximilian Kippnich, Barbara Kowalzik, Rudolf Cermak, Uwe Kippnich, Peter Kranke, Thomas Wurmb
The train crash of Bad Aibling/Germany in February 2016 and the terrorist attacks of the recent years in Europe have demonstrated the urgent need to be prepared for such disastrous events. Disaster preparedness and disaster control are very important governmental duties, as are civil protection and civil defense. In Germany the responsibility for those tasks are divided between the 16 "Länder" and the Federation. While the Federation takes care of the civil protection and disaster assistance, the Länder are responsible for disaster control...
September 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857057/health-sector-responses-to-address-the-impacts-of-climate-change-in-nepal
#5
Meghnath Dhimal, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Raja Ram Pote-Shrestha, David A Groneberg, Ulrich Kuch
Nepal is highly vulnerable to global climate change, despite its negligible emission of global greenhouse gases. The vulnerable climate-sensitive sectors identified in Nepal's National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) to Climate Change 2010 include agriculture, forestry, water, energy, public health, urbanization and infrastructure, and climate-induced disasters. In addition, analyses carried out as part of the NAPA process have indicated that the impacts of climate change in Nepal are not gender neutral...
September 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806098/social-media-monitoring-2016-zika-response-in-nyc
#6
Tamer Hadi, Jennifer MacGregor, Lauren Mann
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations. Readers may submit topics of interest to the column's editor, Meghan McGinty, PhD, MPH, MBA, at mmcginty@naccho...
July 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802695/scarce-resource-allocation-during-disasters-a-mixed-method-community-engagement-study
#7
Elizabeth Lee Daugherty Biddison, Howard S Gwon, Monica Schoch-Spana, Alan C Regenberg, Chrissie Juliano, Ruth R Faden, Eric S Toner
BACKGROUND: During a catastrophe, health care providers may face difficult questions regarding who will receive limited life-saving resources. The ethical principles that should guide decision-making have been considered by expert panels but have not been well explored with the public or front line clinicians. The objective of this study was to characterize the public's values regarding how scarce mechanical ventilators should be allocated during an influenza pandemic, with the ultimate goal of informing a statewide scare resource allocation framework...
August 9, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789770/military-nurse-deployments-similarities-differences-and-resulting-issues
#8
Felecia Rivers, Sandra Gordon
BACKGROUND: Military nurses have a long history of deploying to combat and disaster. Much can be gleaned from their experiences. PURPOSE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to explore military nurses' perceptions of similarities, differences, and resulting issues of military deployments from narratives of three previous studies. METHODS: Secondary analysis of interviews from 65 U.S. military nurses (Air Force, Army, Navy) was conducted...
July 15, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766475/vulnerability-of-older-adults-in-disasters-emergency-department-utilization-by-geriatric-patients-after-hurricane-sandy
#9
Sidrah Malik, David C Lee, Kelly M Doran, Corita R Grudzen, Justin Worthing, Ian Portelli, Lewis R Goldfrank, Silas W Smith
OBJECTIVE: Older adults are a potentially medically vulnerable population with increased mortality rates during and after disasters. To evaluate the impact of a natural disaster on this population, we performed a temporal and geospatial analysis of emergency department (ED) use by adults aged 65 years and older in New York City (NYC) following Hurricane Sandy's landfall. METHODS: We used an all-payer claims database to analyze demographics, insurance status, geographic distribution, and health conditions for post-disaster ED visits among older adults...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759883/challenges-to-the-census-international-trends-and-a-need-to-consider-public-health-benefits
#10
REVIEW
R T Wilson, S H Hasanali, M Sheikh, S Cramer, G Weinberg, A Firth, S H Weiss, C L Soskolne
The Canadian government decision to cancel the mandatory long-form census in 2010 (subsequently restored in 2015), along with similar discussions in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), have brought the purpose and use of census data into focus for epidemiologists and public health professionals. Policy decision-makers should be well-versed in the public health importance of accurate and reliable census data for emergency preparedness planning, controlling disease outbreaks, and for addressing health concerns among vulnerable populations including the elderly, low-income, racial/ethnic minorities, and special residential groups (e...
July 29, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758606/emergency-preparedness-in-elderly-care-in-sweden-a-study-of-staff-perspectives
#11
Carin Björngren Cuadra
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the interface between elderly care and emergency preparedness from the elderly care staff's perspective. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire was sent to elderly care staff in 4 Swedish municipalities. The questions involved experiences of extraordinary events, education and exercises, and risk and vulnerability analyses, evaluations of main risks and emergency preparedness, and familiarity with preparedness plans. In total, 568 elderly care staff responded...
July 31, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713518/examining-non-structural-retrofitting-status-of-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-against-disasters
#13
Mahmood Nekooi Moghadam, Seyed Mobin Moradi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous services provision of a hospital before and after a disaster is one of the most prominent issues that all people, especially the authorities must take into huge consideration. Concerning the experiences of previous earthquakes, the role and importance of nonstructural components becomes increasingly clear in the uninterrupted services of hospitals. In this study, non-structural retrofitting status of Kerman teaching hospitals was evaluated against natural disasters...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712203/now-or-never-public-health-issues-requiring-urgent-attention
#14
Intisar Ulhaq
Pakistan is a developing country and most of its population is based in rural areas. Over the last two decades' significant changes have occurred in the health system in an attempt to improve the health care in general with a particular emphasis in the health of people living in rural areas. Despite these efforts, significant development and planning is required to improve the health of nation. Undoubtedly ministry of health has taken practical steps in tacking some serious health issues such as polio. However, the fact remains that there are a number of public health issues which if not addressed on an urgent basis, there is a great danger that the implications would be huge with unbearable consequences...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659678/-never-events-in-surgery-mere-error-or-an-avoidable-disaster
#15
Jitendra Kumar, Rajni Raina
Never events in surgery is not an uncommon occurrence. It is difficult to find any surgeon who never had an experience of one or another kind of mistake, committed while delivering the surgical care to the patient. Whatever the reports come out through news media or other sources are just a tip of iceberg. Collectively, its results, not only as a huge suffering and financial burden for the patients but also its impact on the operating surgeon and sometimes to related institute, are very far reaching and extremely negative...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659166/familiar-ethical-issues-amplified-how-members-of-research-ethics-committees-describe-ethical-distinctions-between-disaster-and-non-disaster-research
#16
Catherine M Tansey, James Anderson, Renaud F Boulanger, Lisa Eckenwiler, John Pringle, Lisa Schwartz, Matthew Hunt
BACKGROUND: The conduct of research in settings affected by disasters such as hurricanes, floods and earthquakes is challenging, particularly when infrastructures and resources were already limited pre-disaster. However, since post-disaster research is essential to the improvement of the humanitarian response, it is important that adequate research ethics oversight be available. METHODS: We aim to answer the following questions: 1) what do research ethics committee (REC) members who have reviewed research protocols to be conducted following disasters in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) perceive as the key ethical concerns associated with disaster research?, and 2) in what ways do REC members understand these concerns to be distinct from those arising in research conducted in non-crisis situations? This qualitative study was developed using interpretative description methodology; 15 interviews were conducted with REC members...
June 28, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654004/self-reported-oil-spill-exposure-and-pregnancy-complications-the-growh-study
#17
Emily W Harville, Arti Shankar, Leah Zilversmit, Pierre Buekens
Adverse infant outcomes often rise in the aftermath of disaster, but few studies have assessed the effects of disaster on maternal health. 1091 southern Louisiana women were interviewed about their pregnancy history, including pregnancy complications. Associations between oil spill exposures and gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, and nausea/vomiting were assessed for all reported pregnancies. 631 women had a pregnancy both before and after the oil spill. Generalized estimating equations (logistic regression) with adjustment for confounders were used...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649868/early-eye-movement-desensitisation-and-reprocessing-emdr-intervention-in-a-disaster-mental-health-care-context
#18
Anna Saltini, Daniela Rebecchi, Chiara Callerame, Isabel Fernandez, Elisa Bergonzini, Fabrizio Starace
'Early psychological intervention' is defined as commencing treatment within three months of the traumatic event, with the aim to prevent or treat posttraumatic stress disorder, ongoing distress or acute stress disorder. In natural disaster situations, specific issues may limit the amount of time available for treatment and the possibility of interventions. Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) can be used without regard to these limits. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of EMDR, Recent Traumatic Episode Protocol (R-TEP) provided within three months of the traumatic event to a large sample of individuals exposed to the earthquake that hit Emilia Romagna Region (Northern Italy) in 2012...
June 25, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638258/evacuation-of-hospitals-during-disaster-establishment-of-a-field-hospital-and-communication
#19
REVIEW
Erdal Tekin, Atif Bayramoglu, Mustafa Uzkeser, Zeynep Cakir
The buildings, working personnel, and patients and their relatives may directly or indirectly be affected by the disasters. Here we will discuss evacuation, establishing a field hospital, communication, the role of the media in disasters, and defending against sabotage. The affected individuals should be evacuated and transferred to secure zones safely and rapidly. How the decision for evacuation should be made and how the evacuation triage should be performed are important issues. Field hospitals should be established within the bounds of possibility for continuation of the treatments of evacuated people...
June 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#20
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
keyword
keyword
19671
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"