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Health issues in disaster

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#1
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115033/development-of-an-evacuation-tool-to-facilitate-disaster-preparedness-use-in-a-planned-evacuation-to-support-a-hospital-move
#2
Ranna A Rozenfeld, Sally L Reynolds, Sherri Ewing, Mary Margaret Crulcich, Michelle Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: Our institution relocated to a new facility 3.5 miles from our original location in Chicago on June 9, 2012. We describe the tools we developed to prepare, execute, and manage our evacuation and relocation. METHODS: Tools developed for the planned evacuation included the following: level of acuity and team composition classification, patient departure checklist, evacuation handoff tool, and a patient tracking system within the electronic health record...
January 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111422/humidifier-disinfectant-disaster-what-do-we-know-and-what-are-left-to-be-clarified
#3
Sungkyoon Kim, Domyung Paek
After the initial investigations of Korean CDC in 2011, more than 1,000 suspicious cases of humidifier disinfectant victims were subsequently reported up to 2015, and numbers are still increasing dramatically in 2016 in the midst of prosecutor's office investigation. In this study, we tried to summarize the current understandings of humidifier disinfectant related health effects based upon systemic review of published epidemiologic studies and toxicology investigations. Published studies of humidifier disinfectants were searched through 'pubmed' and 'toxline'?under the heading of 'humidifier disinfectant', and related reports were identified from the references and published report list of regulatory agencies including Korean National Institute of Environmental Research, US Environmental Protection Agency, and EU European Chemicals Agency...
December 4, 2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093572/longitudinal-changes-in-body-mass-index-of-children-affected-by-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#4
W Zheng, H Yokomichi, H Matsubara, M Ishikuro, M Kikuya, T Isojima, S Yokoya, T Tanaka, N Kato, S Chida, A Ono, M Hosoya, S Tanaka, S Kuriyama, S Kure, Z Yamagata
BACKGROUND: The evacuation and disruption in housing caused by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and following nuclear radiation may have influenced child health in many respects. However, studies regarding longitudinal childhood growth are limited. Therefore, in this study we aimed to explore the influence of the earthquake on longitudinal changes in body mass index in preschool children. METHODS: Participants were children from nursery schools that cooperated with the study in the Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima Prefectures...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093095/pregnant-women-s-awareness-of-social-capital-in-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-affected-areas-of-miyagi-prefecture-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study
#5
Hidekazu Nishigori, Toshie Nishigori, Kasumi Sakurai, Satoshi Mizuno, Taku Obara, Hirohito Metoki, Zen Watanabe, Noriyuki Iwama, Mami Ishikuro, Nozomi Tatsuta, Ichiko Nishijima, Junichi Sugawara, Shinichi Kuriyama, Ikuma Fujiwara, Takahiro Arima, Kunihiko Nakai, Fumiaki Takahashi, Nobuo Yaegashi
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify the correlation between the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and pregnant women's awareness of social capital 3 to 9 months after the tsunami disaster. METHODS: We analyzed data on responses to a questionnaire by 7451 pregnant women in their second to third trimesters. The proportions of social capital-related items were calculated in the north and south coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture and were compared with national samples. The factors associated with social capital were estimated by use of multivariate logistic regression analyses...
January 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053553/hepatitis-c-in-egypt-past-present-and-future
#6
REVIEW
Ahmed Elgharably, Asmaa I Gomaa, Mary Me Crossey, Peter J Norsworthy, Imam Waked, Simon D Taylor-Robinson
Hepatitis C viral infection is endemic in Egypt with the highest prevalence rate in the world. It is widely accepted that the implementation of mass population antischistosomal treatment involving administration of tartar emetic injections (from 1950s to 1980s) led to widespread infection. What is less well known, however, is that these schemes were implemented by the Egyptian Ministry of Health on the advice of the World Health Organization. There has been a spectrum of treatments to target the public health disaster represented by the hepatitis C problem in Egypt: from the use of PEGylated interferon to the recent use of direct acting antiviral drugs...
2017: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046089/characteristics-of-physician-outflow-from-disaster-areas-following-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#7
Saori Kashima, Kazuo Inoue, Masatoshi Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The shortage of physicians after a major disaster is a crucial issue. We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of physicians who left affected areas following the accident at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011. METHODS: Using data from a physician census conducted in 2010 (pre-disaster) and 2012 (post-disaster), we evaluated changes in the number of physicians in affected areas. We then calculated the odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals using a logistic regression model to evaluate the association between physician characteristics and outflow...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
October 28, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976602/-providing-a-roof-and-more-to-communities-affected-by-typhoon-haiyan-in-the-philippines-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#9
Engy Ali, Marie-Christine Ferir, Tony Reid, Henry Gray, Wilma Van Den Boogaard, Christopher Gonzales, Rony Zachariah
OBJECTIVES: Typhoon Haiyan hit the Philippines in November 2013 and left a trail of destruction. As part of its emergency response, Médecins Sans Frontières distributed materials for reconstructing houses and boats as standardized kits to be shared between households. Community engagement was sought and communities were empowered in deciding how to make the distributions. We aimed to answer, Was this effective and what lessons were learned? METHODS: A cross-sectional survey using a semi-structured questionnaire was conducted in May 2014 and included all community leaders and 269 households in 22 barangays (community administrative areas)...
December 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974078/operation-canine-lifeline-recommendations-for-enhancing-prehospital-care-for-government-working-dogs
#10
Teija Corse, Chelsea Firth, John Burke, Kenneth Schor, James F Koterski, Sabrina McGraw, Nancy Vincent-Johnson, Lori Gordon
Operation Canine Lifeline was a tabletop exercise developed by students and faculty of Boston University School of Medicine's Healthcare Emergency Management master's program. The tabletop exercise led to discussion on current protocols for canines working in the field, what occurs if a canine encounters a toxin in the field, and what to do in situations of national security that require working with civilian agencies. This discussion led to the creation of a set of recommendations around providing prehospital veterinary care to government working dogs...
December 15, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956724/natural-disasters-planning-for-psychological-first-aid
#11
Stephanie T Wynn
Natural disasters leave survivors suffering physically, psychologically, and spiritually. An EF4 tornado on April 27, 2011, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, known as April's Fury, raised the question of how mental health practitioners (MHPs) might respond to address psychological needs, rather than being exclusively assigned to offer physical support immediately following a disaster. This article proposes planning ahead for MHPs to provide psychological first aid (PFA) in the immediate aftermath of a catastrophe. Combating psychological issues early will hopefully help reduce the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in survivors...
January 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956578/the-cuban-response-to-the-ebola-epidemic-in-west-africa-lessons-in-solidarity
#12
Enrique Beldarraín Chaple, Mary Anne Mercer
In December 2013 the first case of Ebola appeared in Guinea. In September 2014 the United Nations (UN) and its specialized agency the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a call for medical collaboration in response to the medical crisis and social disaster caused by the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa. Cuban authorities responded immediately to the call by offering specialized help for the epidemic, in collaboration with WHO. A group of 256 Cuban doctors, nurses and other health professionals provided direct care during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Equatorial Guinea from October 2014 to April 2015...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937083/medical-education-in-difficult-circumstances-a-global-responsibility-to-contribute
#13
Michelle McLean, Judy McKimm, Trevor Gibbs
Medical and health professions' education is becoming increasingly standardized across the world in terms of core standards and competencies. Yet, the context in which education and training occurs is far from even. Many educators face challenges in providing health professions' education, ranging from individual challenges and organizational struggles, to working in countries experiencing major conflict or environmental disaster. This commentary sets the scene for an international discussion on might constitute "difficult circumstances" and invites educators from around the world to contribute to the discussion by sharing their stories and suggesting strategies and solutions in a themed issue of MedEdPublish, AMEE's (the Association for Medical Education in Europe) innovative online journal...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#14
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870076/disaster-mental-health-and-positive-psychology-an-afterward-to-the-special-issue
#15
Steven M Southwick, Ritvij Satodiya, Robert H Pietrzak
The articles in this Special Issue are devoted to integrating the fields of disaster mental health and positive psychology. Their focus on resilience building, individual and community preparation, meaning making, and posttraumatic growth represents an important new development in disaster mental health. The overarching goal of this effort is to inform strategies to help both individuals-including children, adolescent, adult disaster survivors, and relief workers-and communities prepare for, respond to, recover from, and possibly even grow stronger in the face of adversity...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#16
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863578/wildfire-disasters-and-nursing
#17
REVIEW
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837014/concerns-with-entertainment-education-zombie-pandemic-preparedness-and-the-unanticipated-promotion-of-a-weapons-culture
#18
Frank Houghton, Jeremy Toms, Ghazal Meratnia, Krista Loney, Edward Hopkins, Katie Del Monte
Entertainment-education has proved to be an engaging medium through which to explore health and social issues in populations. Given the popularity of the zombie theme in popular culture it is no surprise therefore that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention adopted this theme in an effort to engage youth and young adults in emergency preparedness. However, an earlier observational study involving elementary school children based on this premise raised concerns that it may have unexpectedly promoted a focus on firearms...
November 10, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829655/cuba-time-to-expand-health-in-all-policies
#19
Pastor Castell-Florit Serrate, Pedro Más-Bermejo
The Adelaide Statement on Health in All Policies (2010), lays out equity-based principles designed to guide policymakers on incorporating health and well-being components into the development, implementation and evaluation of policy and practice while moving towards shared governance at all levels-local, regional, national and international. Special emphasis is placed on cross-sector coordination to achieve policy goals, while improving health and well-being for all.[1] In Cuba's case, experience in disaster preparedness, particularly for hurricanes, has shown good cross-sector coordination...
October 2016: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814729/assessment-of-the-scope-and-practice-of-evaluation-among-medical-donation-programs
#20
Alisa M Jenny, Meng Li, Elizabeth Ashbourne, Myron Aldrink, Christine Funk, Andy Stergachis
BACKGROUND: Medical donation programs for drugs, other medical products, training and other supportive services can improve access to essential medicines in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and provide emergency and disaster relief. The scope and extent to which medical donation programs evaluate their impact on recipients and health systems is not well documented. METHODS: We conducted a survey of the member organizations of the Partnership for Quality Medical Donations (PQMD), a global alliance of non-profit and corporate organizations, to identify evaluations conducted in conjunction with donation programs...
November 4, 2016: Globalization and Health
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