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Disaster nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781406/analysis-of-emergency-health-care-workforce-and-service-readiness-for-a-mass-casualty-event-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#1
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Fiona Boland, Declan Patton, Tom O'Connor, Zena Moore, Sarah Schneider-Firestone
OBJECTIVE: Ultimately, a country's capacity for a large-scale major emergency response will be directly related to the competence of its health care provider (HCP) workforce and communication between emergency responders and hospitals. The purpose of this study was to assess HCP preparedness and service readiness for a major emergency involving mass casualties (mass casualty event or MCE) in Ireland. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using a 53-item survey was administered to a purposive sample of emergency responders and HCPs in the Republic of Ireland...
May 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#2
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759807/predicting-patterns-of-disaster-related-resiliency-among-older-adult-typhoon-haiyan-survivors
#3
Joseph U Almazan, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Jazi Shaydied Monahi Alotaibi, Abdulrhman Saad B Albougami, Rotacio Gravoso, Ferdinand Abocejo, Kelly Allen, Ghose Bishwajit
Reported natural disasters are steadily increasing, yet there is limited previous research explicitly exploring the predictors of disaster resiliency among older people from typhoon-hit provinces. This study examined the relationships between life satisfaction, attitude, spirituality and locus of control towards resiliency among older adult Typhoon Haiyan survivors. A descriptive correlational design was conducted among these survivors in the Eastern Philippines. Standard multiple linear regression analysis was used in the study...
May 11, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757879/hurricane-katrina-a-nurse-practitioner-s-experience
#4
Sophia L Thomas
Storm preparedness and recovery has shown much improvement since Hurricane Katrina hit Louisiana in 2005, during which more than 1,000 people died. The floodwaters did not recede for weeks. The purpose of this article is to provide readers with information on the lived experience of a nurse practitioner during Hurricane Katrina. Health care providers are not immune from the life-changing effects of a disaster. Readers are provided resources to access disaster preparedness information.
March 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745621/chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-we-have-a-problem-but-also-solutions
#5
Eduardo Vega, Yves Beaulieu, Rachel Gauvin, Catherine Ferland, Stephanie Stabile, Rebecca Pitt, Victor H Gonzalez Cardenas, Pablo Ingelmo
Chronic non-cancer pain in children and adolescents has been described as "a modern public health disaster" that has generated significant medical and economic burdens within society. Seen as a disease in its own right, chronic pain has short and long-term consequences that impact not only the patient´s health but also that of friends and families, due to significant parenting stress and disruptions in family life and structure. The evidence supporting pharmacological treatments and interventional procedures is limited, and no single strategy has been shown to be completely effective in children with chronic non-cancer pain...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731496/aeromedical-transport-operations-using-helicopters-during-the-2016-kumamoto-earthquake-in-japan
#6
Tomokazu Motomura, Atsushi Hirabayashi, Hisashi Matsumoto, Nobutaka Yamauchi, Mitsunobu Nakamura, Hiroshi Machida, Kenji Fujizuka, Naomi Otsuka, Tomoko Satoh, Hideaki Anan, Hisayoshi Kondo, Yuichi Koido
More than 6,000 people died in the Great Hanshin (Kobe) Earthquake in 1995, and it was later reported that there were around 500 preventable trauma deaths. In response, the Japanese government developed the helicopter emergency medical service in 2001, known in Japan as the "Doctor-Heli" (DH), which had 46 DHs and 2 private medical helicopters as of April 2016. DHs transport physicians and nurses to provide pre-hospital medical care at the scene of medical emergencies. Following lessons learned in the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011, a research group in the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare developed a command and control system for the DH fleet as well as the Disaster Relief Aircraft Management System Network (D-NET), which uses a satellite communications network to monitor the location of the fleet and weather in real-time during disasters...
2018: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721638/prepared-for-mission-a-survey-of-medical-personnel-training-needs-within-the-international-committee-of-the-red-cross
#7
Frederike J C Haverkamp, Harald Veen, Rigo Hoencamp, Måns Muhrbeck, Johan von Schreeb, Andreas Wladis, Edward C T H Tan
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) provide worldwide protection and medical assistance for victims of disaster and conflict. It is important to gain insight into the training needs of the medical professionals who are deployed to these resource scarce areas to optimally prepare them. This is the first study of its kind to assess the self-perceived preparedness, deployment experiences, and learning needs concerning medical readiness for deployment of ICRC medical personnel...
May 2, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681244/orthopedic-knowledge-and-need-in-the-provincial-philippines-pilot-study-of-a-population-based-survey
#8
Christopher S Courtney, Thomas D Kirsch
IntroductionInterventions to reduce disability from acute orthopedic injuries require a primary assessment of knowledge and need. There are no previous studies to assess this need in the remote provincial islands of the Philippines, an area recurrently affected by natural disaster.ProblemA preliminary assessment of orthopedic knowledge and need was performed to be expanded for regional or national implementation. METHODS: Two independent surveys were conducted of households and mid-level providers who represent the first contact of care...
April 23, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668971/mental-health-of-nurses-after-the-fukushima-complex-disaster-a-narrative-review
#9
Hiroshi Nukui, Sanae Midorikawa, Michio Murakami, Masaharu Maeda, Akira Ohtsuru
Work-related mental health impairment is recognized as a real problem in the context of helping responders, including health professionals, due to adverse health outcomes after a severe disaster. The Great East-Japan Earthquake, which occurred on 11 March 2011, was an unprecedented complex disaster that caused a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP). In addition to disaster stress and daily work, medical and health-care professionals, particularly nurses, provided counseling services to residents concerned about radiation health risks or mental health issues...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661267/comparison-of-electronic-versus-manual-mass-casualty-incident-triage
#10
Claudie Bolduc, Nisreen Maghraby, Patrick Fok, The Minh Luong, Valerie Homier
IntroductionMass-casualty incidents (MCIs) easily overwhelm a health care facility's human and material resources through the extraordinary influx of casualties. Efficient and accurate triage of incoming casualties is a critical step in the hospital disaster response.Hypothesis/ProblemTraditionally, triage during MCIs has been manually performed using paper cards. This study investigated the use of electronic Simple Triage and Rapid Treatment (START) triage as compared to the manual method. METHODS: This observational, crossover study was performed during a live MCI simulation at an urban, Canadian, Level 1 trauma center on May 26, 2016...
April 17, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650879/-a-study-on-designs-and-achievements-of-trainings-for-enhancing-the-self-help-ability-of-home-cared-persons-in-preparing-for-disasters-review-of-disaster-drills-with-cared-persons-and-their-families
#11
Kayo Shirai, Mieko Ito, Kiyomi Hata
After the Great East Japan Earthquake, we re-recognized the importance of self-help efforts of home-cared persons and their families and the necessity of advanced measures. In 2013, we designed a disaster drill to enhance the self-help ability of home-cared persons and their families in a stepwise fashion. In 2016, for the purpose of reviewing the achievements of the designed drill and its contents, the disaster drill was conducted on 21 users of our home-visit nursing station, followed by a questionnaire survey regarding the training contents, date/time, documents used, change in awareness, disaster-preventive actions, etc...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650878/-balance-in-disaster-preparedness-between-public-self-and-mutual-help-for-home-cared-individuals
#12
Kiyomi Hata, Masao Hata
At present, when it is predicted that large-scale disasters may occur, repletion and reinforcement of disaster preparedness are required. For disaster preparedness, a balance between public, self-, and mutual help is important. However, designated hospitals and their support systems were placed importance in medical care during disasters, and preparedness in regard to home care has not been discussed sufficiently. The purpose of this study is to clarify preparations that home-visit nursing stations may implement, states of support for self-help of cared persons and their families and mutual help such as of communities, in home-visit nursing stations in the areas where large-scale damages by Tokyo Inland Earthquake and Nankai Trough Earthquake are assumed...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629933/using-tabletop-exercises-as-an-innovative-and-practical-teaching-strategy-in-response-to-external-disaster-scenarios
#13
Cathleen A Evans, Rose Schwartz
Transferring previous learning to novel and unfamiliar health care situations is a challenge that nurses face daily. As a nursing classroom experience, tabletop exercises provide nursing students with open-ended decision-making opportunities to manage realistic practice problems. This article describes an innovative tabletop exercise with a disaster healthcare context and patient scenarios that senior nursing students used to demonstrate foundational nursing education knowledge, skills, and abilities. Students demonstrated a transfer of knowledge from early medical-surgical coursework to a complex, novel situation using the nursing process and evidence-based clinical judgment...
April 6, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613935/the-use-of-emergency-physicians-to-deliver-anesthesia-for-orthopaedic-surgery-in-austere-environments-the-expansion-of-the-emergency-physician-s-general-anesthesia-syllabus-to-orthopaedic-surgery
#14
Ogedad Pierre, John F Lovejoy, Robert Stanton, Richard Skupski, Harold Previl, Jerry Bernard, Lia Losonczy, Mark Walsh
BACKGROUND: Five billion people, primarily in low-income and middle-income countries, cannot access safe, affordable surgical and anesthesia care, particularly for orthopaedic trauma. The rate-limiting step for many orthopaedic surgical procedures performed in the developing world is the absence of safe anesthesia. Even surgical mission teams providing surgical care are limited by the availability of anesthesiologists. Emergency physicians, who are already knowledgeable in airway management and procedural sedation, may be able to help to fulfill the need for anesthetists in disaster relief and surgical missions...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602586/analysis-of-the-effects-of-high-fidelity-simulation-on-nursing-students-perceptions-of-their-preparedness-for-disasters
#15
Vesile Unver, Tulay Basak, Sevinc Tastan, Gulsah Kok, Gulten Guvenc, Ayla Demirtas, Hatice Ayhan, Gulsah Köse, Emine Iyigun, Nuran Tosune
INTRODUCTION: As disasters may occur any time, health care staff and institutions should be prepared to manage these events. The aim of study is to analyze the effects of high-fidelity simulation on the perceptions of senior nursing students regarding their preparedness for disasters. METHODS: This study used a pretest-posttest design and was conducted as a quasi-experimental investigation. RESULTS: Slightly less than the half of the students (42...
March 27, 2018: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596258/the-great-london-smog-of-1952
#16
Barbara J Polivka
: The Great London Smog of December 1952 lasted five days and killed up to 12,000 people. The smog developed primarily because of extensive burning of high-sulfur coal. The health effects were both immediate and long lasting, with a recent study revealing an increased likelihood of childhood asthma development in those exposed to the Great Smog while in utero or during their first year of life. Subsequent pollution legislation-including the U.S. Clean Air Act and its amendments-have demonstrably reduced air pollution and positively impacted health outcomes...
April 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595567/integrating-climate-change-into-nursing-curricula
#17
Ruth McDermott-Levy, Kathryn P Jackman-Murphy, Jeanne M Leffers, Lisa Jordan
Climate change is a significant threat to human health across the life cycle. Nurses play an important role in mitigation, adaptation, and resilience to climate change. The use of health care resources, air quality and extreme heat, mental health, and natural disasters are major content areas across undergraduate nursing curricula that influence or are influenced by climate change. Teaching strategies and resources are offered to prepare nursing students to address climate change and human health.
March 28, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584681/evaluating-community-partnerships-addressing-community-resilience-in-los-angeles-california
#18
Malcolm V Williams, Anita Chandra, Asya Spears, Danielle Varda, Kenneth B Wells, Alonzo L Plough, David P Eisenman
Community resilience has grown in importance in national disaster response and recovery efforts. However, measurement of community resilience, particularly the content and quality of relationships aimed at improving resilience, is lacking. To address this gap, we used a social network survey to measure the number, type, and quality of relationships among organizations participating in 16 coalitions brought together to address community resilience in the Los Angeles Community Disaster Resilience project. These coalitions were randomized to one of two approaches (community resilience or preparedness)...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565241/preparing-for-the-surge-a-half-day-emergency-preparedness-training-course-for-the-second-front
#19
Lancer A Scott, Layne A Madden, Amy E Wahlquist, Daniel W Fisher
Purpose Clinical disaster medicine requires providers working collaboratively to care for multiple patients, yet many clinicians lack competency-based training. A 5-hour emergency preparedness training (EPT) curriculum was created using didactics, small group discussion, and scenario-based learning. The goal was to evaluate the effect of a short course on improving clinical-provider knowledge, confidence and skill. METHODS: Participants were enrolled in a medical university between 2011 and 2014...
February 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550157/standardised-simulation-based-emergency-and-intensive-care-nursing-curriculum-to-improve-nursing-students-performance-during-simulated-resuscitation-a-quasi-experimental-study
#20
Jie Chen, Jian Yang, Fen Hu, Si-Hong Yu, Bing-Xiang Yang, Qian Liu, Xiao-Ping Zhu
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based curriculum has been demonstrated as crucial to nursing education in the development of students' critical thinking and complex clinical skills during a resuscitation simulation. Few studies have comprehensively examined the effectiveness of a standardised simulation-based emergency and intensive care nursing curriculum on the performance of students in a resuscitation simulation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a standardised simulation-based emergency and intensive care nursing curriculum on nursing students' response time in a resuscitation simulation...
March 14, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
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