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Disaster nursing

Ho Ting Wong, Vico Chung Lim Chiang, Kup Sze Choi, Alice Yuen Loke
The rapid development of technology has made enormous volumes of data available and achievable anytime and anywhere around the world. Data scientists call this change a data era and have introduced the term "Big Data", which has drawn the attention of nursing scholars. Nevertheless, the concept of Big Data is quite fuzzy and there is no agreement on its definition among researchers of different disciplines. Without a clear consensus on this issue, nursing scholars who are relatively new to the concept may consider Big Data to be merely a dataset of a bigger size...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jenifer M Chilton, Danita Alfred
The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 2 educational intervention modalities (face-to-face or online) aimed at improving nursing students' personal emergency preparedness. Personal emergency preparedness means an individual has a Grab-and-Go kit, has developed a plan for self and family, and remains informed about potential disasters. Outcomes indicated that face-to-face instruction for BSN nursing students and online instruction for RNs were effective at increasing knowledge and increasing personal emergency preparedness...
October 17, 2016: Nurse Educator
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon Farra, Deborah L Ulrich, Eric Hodgson, Stephanie Nicely, William Matcham
AIM: The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal effects of virtual reality simulation (VRS) on learning outcomes and retention. BACKGROUND: Disaster preparation for health care professionals is seriously inadequate. VRS offers an opportunity to practice within a realistic and safe environment, but little is known about learning and retention using this pedagogy. METHOD: A quasiexperimental design was used to examine the use of VRS with baccalaureate nursing students in two different nursing programs in terms of the skill of decontamination...
July 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Terri Rebmann, Michael B Elliott, Deborah Artman, Matthew VanNatta, Mary Wakefield
BACKGROUND: A 2011 nationwide school pandemic preparedness study found schools to be deficient. We examined the impact of a school nurse educational intervention aimed at improving K-12 school biological event preparedness. METHODS: Missouri Association of School Nurses (MASN) members were e-mailed a survey link in fall 2013 (ie, preintervention), links to online education modules (ie, intervention) in late fall, and a postintervention survey link in spring, 2014...
November 2016: Journal of School Health
Y H Li, S J Li, S H Chen, X P Xie, Y Q Song, Z H Jin, X Y Zheng
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the disaster experiences of nurses called to assist survivors one month after the 2013 Ya'an earthquake. BACKGROUND: China has experienced an increasing number of earthquake disasters in the past four decades. Although a health and disaster management system was initiated after the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, nurses' roles and experiences in a disaster have been overlooked. METHODS: The researchers used qualitative descriptive design that included 16 participants...
September 23, 2016: International Nursing Review
Alison Hutton, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Kristine Gebbie
The International Council of Nurses (ICN; Geneva, Switzerland) and the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) joined together in 2014 to review the use of the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies. The existing ICN Framework (version 1.10; dated 2009) formed the starting point for this review. The key target audiences for this process were members of the disaster nursing community concerned with pre-service education for professional nursing and the continuing education of practicing professional nurses...
September 20, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Tara Heagele
A paucity of nursing literature is available on disaster-related community resilience. Using a nursing method for analyzing concepts, this article attempts to clarify the meaning of this novel concept to encourage nursing research and practice. This concept analysis provides an introduction to the phenomenon of disaster-related community resilience for nurses and consumers of nursing research. The article proposes the definition, antecedents, attributes, consequences, and empirical referents of disaster-related community resilience and provides suggestions for nursing research and practice...
September 20, 2016: Public Health Nursing
A Goto
This article examines postdisaster public health activities (focusing primarily on parenting support) through collaboration between universities and local government, and reports on the support provided to public health nurses, who are the gatekeepers of community health. For a year after the Fukushima disaster, discussions were held on the short- and long-term measures for responding to the concerns of parents, who face difficulty interpreting risks. Child health checkup data and mothers' counselling sessions with public health nurses were analysed to gather evidence to reinforce the health system over the long term...
September 14, 2016: Annals of the ICRP
Robert L Kerner, Kathleen Gallo, Michael Cassara, John DʼAngelo, Anthony Egan, John Galbraith Simmons
Simulation in multiple contexts over the course of a 10-week period served as a core learning strategy to orient experienced clinicians before opening a large new urban freestanding emergency department. To ensure technical and procedural skills of all team members, who would provide care without on-site recourse to specialty backup, we designed a comprehensive interprofessional curriculum to verify and regularize a wide range of competencies and best practices for all clinicians. Formulated under the rubric of systems integration, simulation activities aimed to instill a shared culture of patient safety among the entire cohort of 43 experienced emergency physicians, physician assistants, nurses, and patient technicians, most newly hired to the health system, who had never before worked together...
October 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Mary A Taschner, Angela Nannini, Margaret Laccetti, Martin Greene
Hospital emergency preparedness has evolved in response to and been challenged by threats of terrorism, meteorological disasters, and public health emergencies. In this case study, the authors examined emergency preparedness policy and practice in Massachusetts hospitals following 9/11/2001, identifying areas of success and opportunities for improvement. Using a qualitative descriptive approach, data analysis included the examination of documents and public health policy. Snowball technique was used to recruit nurses, public health policy makers, and other first responder leaders with historical and present knowledge of emergency preparedness policy and practice...
August 30, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
Marjorie A Schaffer, Jone M Tiffany, Kelly Kantack, Linda J W Anderson
BACKGROUND: With limited available public health nursing clinical placements, nurse educators are challenged to create alternative learning experiences that engage students. METHOD: Nursing faculty developed three Second Life® virtual learning scenarios in family health, disaster preparedness, and home safety areas of interest as a supplement to clinical experiences for undergraduate senior nursing students in a public health nursing course. Student perceptions of their learning were evaluated by a survey and focus group...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Teresa Castaño García, Carmen Vega Díaz, José Antonio Cernuda Martínez
The effects of disasters on physical health tend to be well-known, with short, medium and long term sequelae. On the other hand, not always is have recognized in the same way the effects on mental health, despite having shown that, in situations of disaster or catastrophe there is a psychological signs of suffering increase and increases to a certain extent the psychiatric morbidity and other problem social. It is estimated that between a third and half of the exposed population, it suffers from some psychological manifestation...
June 2016: Revista de Enfermería
Nurul'Ain Ahayalimudin, Nor Naimah Saidah Osman
BACKGROUND: Disaster management is critical, as its insight could diminish the impact of a disaster, and participation of emergency medical personnel is crucial. This study explores emergency medical personnel's knowledge, attitude and practice towards disaster management. METHODOLOGY: This study utilised a cross-sectional study design, and the data collected from 194 emergency nursing and medical personnel (staff nurses, doctors and assistant medical officers), using a questionnaire...
August 18, 2016: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
Biblia S Cha, Rachel I Lawrence, Jesse C Bliss, Kenneth B Wells, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have little guidance for operationalizing community resilience (CR). We explored how community coalitions responded to 4 CR levers (education, engagement, partnerships, and community self-sufficiency) during the first planning year of the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) Project. METHODS: Sixteen communities were selected and randomly assigned to the experimental CR group or the control preparedness group...
August 11, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Adam R Aluisio, Pia Daniel, Andrew Grock, Joseph Freedman, Ajai Singh, Dimitrios Papanagnou, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: In resource-constrained environments, appropriately employing triage in disaster situations is crucial. Although both case-based learning (CBL) and simulation exercises (SEs) commonly are utilized in teaching disaster preparedness to adult learners, there is no substantial evidence supporting one as a more efficacious methodology. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the effectiveness of CBL versus SEs in addition to standard didactic instruction in knowledge attainment pertaining to disaster triage preparedness...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Z Wang, J Xu
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Since the promulgation of the one-child policy in 1979, most families have had only one child. Shidu parents, as a special group of Sichuan 2008 earthquake victims, are parents who lost their only child in the earthquake. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADDED TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Shidu parents are an especially vulnerable group in China. This study was the first systematic population-based investigation to explore quality of life (QOL) risk factors and to examine the moderating role of social support between post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and QOL in Shidu parents...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Mark L Wahlqvist
Effective clinical nutrition practice depends on a sound knowledge of biomedical, societal and environmental science and the skills to diagnose, prevent and manage the health problems related to food patterns, energy equilibrium (mostly to do with physical activity) and nutrient metabolism. Its delivery needs to be accessible, equitable, affordable and sustainable. Ordinarily, this will require both local and widely distributed health services. In North-East (NE) Asia, these requisites are being met to an ever increasing extent...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Ibrahim Arziman
Disasters cause an acute deterioration in all stages of life. An area affected by the disaster in which the normal activities of life are disrupted is described as a "Field" in disaster terminology. Although it is not easy to define the borders of this zone, the area where there is normally functioning society is accepted as the boundary. Disaster management is the responsibility of the local government. However, in many large disaster responses many non-governmental and international organizations play a role...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
Sharon L Farra, Sherrill Smith, Marie A Bashaw
OBJECTIVE: The National Disaster Health Consortium is an interprofessional disaster training program. Using the Hierarchical Learning Framework of Competency Sets in Disaster Medicine and Public Health, this program educates nurses and other professionals to provide competent care and leadership within the interprofessional team. This study examined outcomes of this training. METHODS: Training consisted of a combination of online and on-site training. Learning outcomes were measured by using the Emergency Preparedness Information Questionnaire (EPIQ) pre/post training and participant performance during live functional exercises with the use of rubrics based on Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation principles...
July 19, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Akiko Koyama, Yoko Hamamoto, Reiko Sato
Objective In order to assess the impact of educational content on students, this study investigated junior high school students' awareness of older adults' daily lives and the social resources available for older adults.Methods Participants were 967 second-year students at a public junior high school in S city. A complete enumeration survey was conducted using anonymous self-administered questionnaires. The survey items obtained information about participants' demographic characteristics, their perceptions of older adults' daily life, and their awareness of the social resources for older adults...
2016: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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