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Disaster nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724853/school-based-interventions-aimed-at-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-adolescents-affected-by-the-2011-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-three-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Junko Okuyama, Shunichi Funakoshi, Hiroaki Tomita, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Hiroo Matsuoka
How natural disasters affect the psychological state of adolescents has not been well studied. Thus, we examined the effect of a natural disaster on high-school-aged youth and considered the most effective forms of support following such a disaster. We examined students from two high schools that were near the epicenter of the 9.0-magnitude Great East Japan Earthquake, which struck the Tohoku coastal area on March 11, 2011, causing severe damage to the region. The questionnaires measuring depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress reaction (PTSR) was administered to the students 3 times between July 2012 and August 2014; students who scored above the cut-off values of these measures were considered high-risk students...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724472/appraisal-of-the-preparedness-of-midwives-and-nurses-in-bahrain-to-conduct-early-screening-for-zika-virus-infection-in-pregnant-women
#2
Asokan G V, Mariam Mohammed Baqer Nama, Feryal Juma Salman, Zainab Habib Ali AlGhareeb, Ali Moosa Almoosawi, Ridha Abdulla Al Hammam, Muyssar Sabri Awadhalla
OBJECTIVE: To appraise the awareness and knowledge levels of midwives and nurses concerning early screening for Zika virus (ZIKV) infection among pregnant women attending health care facilities in Bahrain. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, purposely chosen study of Bahraini and expatriate midwives, nurses, and supervisors employed in gynecology/obstetrics and labor wards of Salmanya hospital, a maternity hospital, 4 private hospitals, and health centers in Bahrain...
July 20, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659831/stress-and-burnout-in-health-care-workers-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#3
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Stefano Necozione, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout is a work-related mental health impairment, which is now recognized as a real problem in the context of the helping professions due to its adverse health outcomes on efficiency. To our knowledge, the literature on the postdisaster scenario in Italy is limited by a focus on mental health professionals rather than other health-care workers. Our cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and psychopathological distress in different categories of health-care workers, i.e., physicians, nurses, and health-care assistants, working in different departments of L'Aquila St...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625230/health-care-student-knowledge-and-willingness-to-work-in-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#4
Rima Patel, Kapil Wattamwar, Jaya Kanduri, Meghan Nahass, Jennifer Yoon, Justin Oh, Parth Shukla, Clifton R Lacy
OBJECTIVE: Health care workers are critical first responders. Understanding which factors motivate their willingness to work (WTW) during infectious disease outbreaks may guide improvements in preparedness. The perspective of health care students, the future workforce, remains largely unexplored. This study compared factors influencing WTW among medical, nursing, and pharmacy students. METHODS: A printed survey was administered to 631 medical, nursing, and pharmacy students...
June 19, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606199/basic-disaster-life-support-bdls-training-improves-first-responder-confidence-to-face-mass-casualty-incidents-in-thailand
#5
Deborah A Kuhls, Paul J Chestovich, Phillip Coule, Dale M Carrison, Charleston M Chua, Nopadol Wora-Urai, Tavatchai Kanchanarin
BACKGROUND: Medical response to mass-casualty incidents (MCIs) requires specialized training and preparation. Basic Disaster Life Support (BDLS) is a course designed to prepare health care workers for a MCI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the confidence of health care professionals in Thailand to face a MCI after participating in a BDLS course. METHODS: Basic Disaster Life Support was taught to health care professionals in Thailand in July 2008. Demographics and medical experience were recorded, and participants rated their confidence before and after the course using a five-point Likert scale in 11 pertinent MCI categories...
June 13, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566110/society-for-the-advancement-of-disaster-nursing-exploring-the-path-to-excellence
#6
Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Deborah S Adelman, Tener Goodwin Veenema
OBJECTIVE: Major disasters occurring within the Unites States require nursing participation as a component of a successful response. Disaster nursing includes the care of populations affected by disasters, public health emergencies, and mass casualty events, both natural and man-made. A unique knowledge base, abilities, and skills are needed to respond appropriately to health care and human service needs resulting from these events. METHODS: Despite prior efforts to advance disaster nursing as a specialty, none were sustainable and a professional framework for establishing standards and guidelines remains lacking...
June 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558516/nurses-improve-their-communities-health-where-they-live-learn-work-and-play
#7
Meriel McCollum, Christine T Kovner, Melissa T Ojemeni, Carol Brewer, Sally Cohen
Nurses are often recognized for their volunteer efforts following disasters and international humanitarian crises. However, little attention is paid to the activities of nurses who promote a culture of health in their communities through local volunteer work. In this article, we describe nurses' perceptions of how they promote health in their communities through formal and informal volunteer work. Using 315 written responses to an open-ended question included in a 2016 survey of the career patterns of nurses in the U...
January 1, 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553753/the-ambiguity-of-altruism-in-nursing-a-qualitative-study
#8
Anna Slettmyr, Anna Schandl, Maria Arman
BACKGROUND: For a long time, altruism was the basis for caring. Today, when society is more individualized, it is of interest to explore the meaning of altruism in nursing. METHODS: In all, 13 nurses from a Swedish acute care setting participated in two focus group interviews performed as Socratic dialogues. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological hermeneutical method. Ethical considerations: Ethical issues were considered throughout the process according to established ethical principles...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505521/short-simulation-exercises-to-improve-emergency-department-nurses-self-efficacy-for-initial-disaster-management-controlled-before-and-after-study
#9
Carl-Oscar Jonson, Jenny Pettersson, Jonas Rybing, Heléne Nilsson, Erik Prytz
INTRODUCTION: Head nurses at emergency departments often assume responsibility for managing the initial response to a major incident, and to create surge capacity. Training is essential to enable these nurses to perform an effective disaster response. Evaluating the effects of such training is however complicated as real skill only can be demonstrated during a real major incident. Self-efficacy has been proposed as an alternative measure of training effectiveness. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine if short, small-scale computer-based simulation exercises could improve head emergency nurses' general and specific self-efficacy and initial incident management skills...
August 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493767/nursing-a-critically-ill-tetanus-patient-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-zambia
#10
Chris Carter, Sue Viveash
The global incidence of tetanus has been gradually reducing. Improvements in vaccination and health education programmes and the World Health Organization campaign to eradicate maternal and neonatal tetanus have all resulted in fewer presentations globally. Unfortunately, tetanus mortality remains a significant problem for many developing countries, owing to inadequate vaccination programmes or to conflict or humanitarian disasters during which vaccination programmes are stopped or there is sporadic cover. This case study explores the care of a tetanus patient in an intensive care unit in Zambia, a lower-middle-income country in sub-Saharan Africa...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486328/japanese-and-korean-nursing-students-motivation-for-joining-disaster-relief-activities-as-nurses-in-the-future
#11
Myoung-Ae Choe, Noriko Kuwano, Kyung-Sook Bang, Mi-Kyoung Cho, Rika Yatsushiro, Yuki Kawata
The purpose of this study was to identify differences in motivation for joining disaster relief activities as a nurse in the future between Japanese and Korean nursing students. A descriptive 2-group comparative study design was used. The participants were 721 first- to fourth-year nursing students (Japanese, n = 324; Korean, n = 397). From June to September 2014, data were collected through a researcher-administered questionnaire and self-reported answers. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the χ test, and the t test...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458751/patient-tracking-in-earthquake-emergency-response-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#12
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
BACKGROUND: After a disaster, all victims have to be rapidly and accurately identified for locating, tracking and regulating them. The purpose of this study was to summarize people's experiences that how the patients were tracked in past earthquake disasters in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out in 2015. This was an interview-based qualitative study using content analysis. The interviewed people included physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, disaster managers, Red Crescent Society' first responders and managers...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457775/experiences-of-rural-and-remote-nurses-assisting-with-disasters
#13
Judith C Kulig, Kelly Penz, Chandima Karunanayake, Martha L P MacLeod, Sharleen Jahner, Mary Ellen Andrews
BACKGROUND: Globally, disasters are on the rise. Nurses play a significant role in responding to such events but little is known about rural and remote nurses' experiences. METHODS: A national cross-sectional survey of regulated nurses (registered nurses, registered psychiatric nurses, licensed practical nurses and nurse practitioners) in rural and remote Canada provided the data (n=2465) for the logistic regression of predictors of assisting with a disaster event within the last five years...
May 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412167/mortality-in-nursing-homes-following-emergency-evacuation-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Melissa Willoughby, Chebiwot Kipsaina, Noha Ferrah, Soren Blau, Lyndal Bugeja, David Ranson, Joseph Elias Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To determine the risk associated with mortality among nursing home residents within 6 months following an evacuation because of man-made or natural disasters. DESIGN: A systematic review conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) Statement. SETTING: All peer-reviewed studies published in English, French, German, or Spanish between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2015, examining mortality within 6 months of disaster evacuation from a nursing home...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400956/fukushima-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-lessons-for-developing-responsive-and-resilient-health-systems
#15
Shingo Fukuma, Shahira Ahmed, Rei Goto, Thomas S Inui, Rifat Atun, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake, followed by a tsunami and nuclear-reactor meltdowns, produced one of the most severe disasters in the history of Japan. The adverse impact of this 'triple disaster' on the health of local populations and the health system was substantial. In this study we examine population-level health indicator changes that accompanied the disaster, and discuss options for re-designing Fukushima's health system, and by extension that of Japan, to enhance its responsiveness and resilience to current and future shocks...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400457/emergency-nurse-disaster-preparedness-during-mass-gatherings-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-emergency-nurses-perceptions-in-hospitals-in-mecca-saudi-arabia
#16
Fuad Alzahrani, Kyratsis Yiannis
OBJECTIVES: To assess hospital emergency nurses' self-reported knowledge, role awareness and skills in disaster response with respect to the Hajj mass gathering in Mecca. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey with primary data collection and non-probabilistic purposive sample conducted in late 2014. SETTING: All 4 public hospitals in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: 106 registered nurses in hospital emergency departments...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359709/nurse-participation-in-continuing-education-in-disaster-nursing-in-taiwan
#17
I-Hui Chen, Shu-Chuan Chang, Jui-Ying Feng, Shou-Ju Lin, Li-Chin Chen, Chun-Lan Lee, Fu-Chih Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334465/nurses-contribution-to-short-term-humanitarian-care-in-low-to-middle-income-countries-an-integrative-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Sonja Dawson, Doug Elliott, Debra Jackson
AIM: To appraise the literature related to voluntary humanitarian work provided by international nurses in low to middle income countries (LMICs). BACKGROUND: Nurses and other health professionals are engaged with both governmental and non-governmental organisations to provide care within international humanitarian relief and development contexts. Current literature describes accounts of charitable health professional activity within short-term health focused humanitarian trips; however, there is minimal research describing the care that nurses provide and the professional roles and tasks they fulfil whilst participating in international volunteer health care service...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330404/mental-health-and-related-factors-of-hospital-nurses
#19
Hiroshi Nukui, Michio Murakami, Sanae Midorikawa, Minako Suenaga, Yuichi Rokkaku, Hirooki Yabe, Akira Ohtsuru
The mental health of hospital nurses is a key health issue in public health promotion during the recovery phase following the Fukushima disaster. In this study, conducted 4 years after the disaster, we analyzed the overall mental health, knowledge, risk perception of radiation, and work and daily life burdens of nurses working at medical institutions in the Fukushima Prefecture (collection rate = 89.6%; response number = 730). Overall mental health status was estimated using the 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire, and 333 respondents (45...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302991/the-effect-of-telephone-support-to-evacuees-with-risks-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-after-a-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#20
Naoko Horikoshi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda
Objectives Fukushima Medical University has been conducting the Fukushima Health Management Survey "Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey" annually as part of the health care of evacuees following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. This study aimed to clarify the effects of telephone support performed by nurses or public health nurses. In particular, we investigated the response rates for questionnaire of the following year and the recommended effect of medical support for evacuees with risks of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the fiscal year 2011 (FY2011)...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
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