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Disaster nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102534/evacuation-performance-evaluation-tool
#1
Sharon Farra, Elaine T Miller, Matthew Gneuhs, Nathan Timm, Gengxin Li, Ashley Simon, Whittney Brady
OBJECTIVE: Hospitals conduct evacuation exercises to improve performance during emergency events. An essential aspect in this process is the creation of reliable and valid evaluation tools. The objective of this article is to describe the development and implications of a disaster evacuation performance tool that measures one portion of the very complex process of evacuation. DESIGN: Through the application of the Delphi technique and DeVellis's framework, disaster and neonatal experts provided input in developing this performance evaluation tool...
April 2016: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057048/a-preliminary-study-of-a-novel-emergency-department-nursing-triage-simulation-for-research-applications
#2
Steven L Dubovsky, Daniel Antonius, David G Ellis, Werner Ceusters, Robert C Sugarman, Renee Roberts, Sevie Kandifer, James Phillips, Elsa C Daurignac, Kenneth E Leonard, Lisa D Butler, Jessica P Castner, G Richard Braen
BACKGROUND: Studying the effect on functioning of the emergency department of disasters with a potential impact on staff members themselves usually involves table top and simulated patient exercises. Computerized virtual reality simulations have the potential to configure a variety of scenarios to determine likely staff responses and how to address them without intensive utilization of resources. To decide whether such studies are justified, we determined whether a novel computer simulation has the potential to serve as a valid and reliable model of on essential function in a busy ED...
January 3, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031072/preparedness-in-long-term-care-a-novel-approach-to-address-gaps-in-evacuation-tracking
#3
Emilie Y Prot, Bruce Clements
With an aging population, the number of elderly individuals residing in long-term care (LTC) facilities will continue to grow and pose unique challenges to disaster preparedness and response. With this rapidly growing vulnerable population, it becomes imperative to identify enhanced and novel preparedness strategies and measures. LTC residents not only have complicated medical needs, including the timing of dispensing multiple medications, but frequently have cognitive and mobility deficits as well. In nearly every major disaster, elderly populations have suffered disproportionate morbidity and mortality...
December 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029612/what-are-the-most-common-domains-of-the-core-competencies-of-disaster-nursing-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Virginia Plummer, Brett Williams
AIM: Scoping review was conducted to identify the most common domains of the core competencies of disaster nursing. BACKGROUND: Nurses play an essential role in all phases of disaster management. For nurses to respond competently, they must be equipped with the skills to provide comprehensive and holistic care to the populations affected by or at risk of disasters. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted using the Joanna Briggs Institute methodology...
October 28, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018749/focused-training-for-humanitarian-responders-in-regional-anesthesia-techniques-for-a-planned-randomized-controlled-trial-in-a-disaster-setting
#5
Adam R Aluisio, Carrei Teicher, Tess Wiskel, Allysia Guy, Adam Levine
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of geophysical disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) has the potential to reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards. To date, no prospective research has evaluated the use of RA in a disaster setting. This cross-sectional study assesses knowledge translation and skill acquisition outcomes for lower extremity RA performed with and without ultrasound guidance among a cohort of Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) volunteers who will function as proceduralists in a planned randomized controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of RA for pain management in an earthquake setting...
November 16, 2016: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978861/a-prospective-analysis-of-patients-presenting-for-medical-attention-at-a-large-electronic-dance-music-festival
#6
Matt S Friedman, Alex Plocki, Antonios Likourezos, Illya Pushkar, Andrew N Bazos, Christian Fromm, Benjamin W Friedman
Mass-Gathering Medicine studies have identified variables that predict greater patient presentation rates (PPRs) and transport to hospital rates (TTHRs). This is a descriptive report of patients who presented for medical attention at an annual electronic dance music festival (EDMF). At this large, single EDMF in New York City (NYC; New York, USA), the frequency of patient presentation, the range of presentations, and interventions performed were identified. This descriptive report examined consecutive patients who presented to the medical tent of a summertime EDMF held at an outdoor venue with an active, mobile, bounded crowd...
December 16, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956578/the-cuban-response-to-the-ebola-epidemic-in-west-africa-lessons-in-solidarity
#7
Enrique Beldarraín Chaple, Mary Anne Mercer
In December 2013 the first case of Ebola appeared in Guinea. In September 2014 the United Nations (UN) and its specialized agency the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a call for medical collaboration in response to the medical crisis and social disaster caused by the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa. Cuban authorities responded immediately to the call by offering specialized help for the epidemic, in collaboration with WHO. A group of 256 Cuban doctors, nurses and other health professionals provided direct care during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, Liberia and Equatorial Guinea from October 2014 to April 2015...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897738/a-preventable-disaster
#8
Jennifer Trueland
When Ruth Miller looks at the latest figures on diabetes-related foot amputations, she admits that her heart sinks a little. As Poole NHS Foundation Trust's lead diabetes nurse, she knows the devastation the disease can wreak on people's feet. Yet this message does not seem to be getting through.
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863584/implications-of-disaster-preparedness-for-nursing
#9
EDITORIAL
Deborah J Persell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863583/disaster-planning-preparedness-mitigation-response-and-recovery-a-call-for-all-nurses-to-action
#10
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Krau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863579/evolution-of-a-nursing-model-for-identifying-client-needs-in-a-disaster-shelter-a-case-study-with-the-american-red-cross
#11
REVIEW
Janice Springer, Mary Casey-Lockyer
From the time of Clara Barton, Red Cross nursing has had a key role in the care and support of persons affected by disasters in the United States. Hurricane Katrina and other events brought to light the need for a shelter model that was inclusive of the whole community, including persons with disabilities, at-risk and vulnerable populations, and children. From an intake process to a nursing model for assessment, an evidence-guided process informed a systematic approach for a registered nurse-led model of care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863578/wildfire-disasters-and-nursing
#12
REVIEW
Patricia Frohock Hanes
Multiple factors contribute to wildfires in California and other regions: drought, winds, climate change, and spreading urbanization. Little has been done to study the multiple roles of nurses related to wildfire disasters. Major nursing organizations support disaster education for nurses. It is essential for nurses to recognize their roles in each phase of the disaster cycle: mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery. Skills learned in the US federal all-hazards approach to disasters can then be adapted to more specific disasters, such as wildfires, and issues affecting health care...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863577/us-military-nurses-serving-within-the-chaos-of-disaster
#13
REVIEW
Felecia M Rivers
The purpose of this article is to share US military nurses' experiences of responding to disasters. Using phenomenology, 23 participants serving as US military nurses from different service branches and the US Public Health Service volunteered for a single face-to-face interview. Five polar themes plus one final theme emerged from the narratives. Nurses expressed a sense of loss, reshaping of thoughts regarding disasters, and new appreciation of how people's lives are totally disrupted. Findings showed a need for change in nursing education, practice, training, policy, and recommendations for higher education and how the military may better educate its personnel...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863574/all-the-resources-was-gone-the-environmental-context-of-disaster-nursing
#14
REVIEW
Stasia E Ruskie
US nurses are not prepared for the altered conditions of the disaster environment, nor has the context of providing disaster nursing care been a focus of disaster research. Using an existential phenomenologic approach, US nurses described the "not normal" conditions of the disaster environment they experienced as physically and emotionally challenging, because of the reduced infrastructural capabilities, unfamiliar patient populations, and reliance on low-technology nursing with insufficient staff and supplies...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863573/national-disaster-health-consortium-competency-based-training-and-a-report-on-the-american-nurses-credentialing-center-disaster-certification-development
#15
REVIEW
Sherrill J Smith, Sharon L Farra
As the largest profession of health care providers, nurses are an integral component of disaster response. Having clearly delineated competencies and developing training to acquire those competencies are needed to ensure nurses are ready when disasters occur. This article provides a review of nursing and interprofessional disaster competencies and development of a new interprofessional disaster certification. An overview of a standardized disaster training program, the National Disaster Health Consortium, is provided as an exemplar of a competency-based interprofessional disaster education program...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858501/experiences-in-disaster-related-mental-health-relief-work-an-exploratory-model-for-the-interprofessional-training-of-psychological-relief-workers
#16
ZhengJia Ren, HongTao Wang, Wei Zhang
The purpose of this study was to begin to generate an exploratory model of the disaster-related mental health education process associated with the training experiences of psychological relief workers active during the Sichuan earthquake in China. The data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 20 psychological relief workers from four different professions (social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, and counsellors) regarding their experiences in training and ideas for improvement. The model explains the need to use a people-centred community interprofessional education approach, which focuses on role-modelling of the trainer, caring for relief workers, paying attention to the needs of the trainee, and building systematic interprofessional education strategies...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814450/assessing-disaster-preparedness-and-mental-health-of-community-members-in-aceh-indonesia-a-community-based-descriptive-household-survey-of-a-national-program
#17
Nizam Ismail, Nawarat Suwannapong, Nopporn Howteerakul, Mathuros Tipayamongkholgul, Suporn Apinuntavech
INTRODUCTON: Disaster preparedness of the community is an essential disaster-mitigation strategy to protect human life and to prevent injuries and property damage. This study aimed to assess the knowledge of disaster, and the disaster preparedness of community members in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: A community-based descriptive household survey was conducted in 40 villages of three tsunami-affected districts in Aceh State, Indonesia. In total, 827 randomly selected community members were interviewed with structured questionnaires during the period September-October 2014...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798037/radiation-related-anxiety-among-public-health-nurses-in-the-fukushima-prefecture-after-the-accident-at-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-station-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Koji Yoshida, Makiko Orita, Aya Goto, Atsushi Kumagai, Kiyotaka Yasui, Akira Ohtsuru, Naomi Hayashida, Takashi Kudo, Shunichi Yamashita, Noboru Takamura
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, public health nurses (PHNs) play important roles in managing the health of local residents, especially after a disaster. In this study, we assessed radiation anxiety and the stress processing capacity of PHNs in the Fukushima Prefecture in Japan, after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station (FDNPS). METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire survey among the PHNs (n=430) in July of 2015 via postal mail. The questions included demographic factors (sex, age and employment position), knowledge about radiation, degree of anxiety about radiation at the time of the FDNPS accident (and at present), by asking them to answer questions about radiation and the Sense of Coherence-13 (SOC-13)...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788698/a-pilot-study-examining-the-speed-and-accuracy-of-triage-for-simulated-disaster-patients-in-an-emergency-department-setting-comparison-of-a-computerized-version-of-canadian-triage-acuity-scale-ctas-and-simple-triage-and-rapid-treatment-start-methods
#19
Gwynn Curran-Sills, Jeffrey M Franc
OBJECTIVE: To compare emergency department triage nurses' time to triage and accuracy of a simulated mass casualty incident (MCI) population using a computerized version of CTAS or START systems. METHODS: This pilot study was a prospective trial using a convenience sample. A total of 20 ED triage nurses, 10 in each arm of the study, were recruited. The paper-based questionnaire contained nine simulated MCI vignettes. An expert panel arrived at consensuses on the wording of the vignettes and created a standard triage score from which to compare the study participants...
October 28, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788170/hospital-staff-shortage-after-the-2011-triple-disaster-in-fukushima-japan-an-earthquake-tsunamis-and-nuclear-power-plant-accident-a-case-of-the-soso-district
#20
Sae Ochi, Masaharu Tsubokura, Shigeaki Kato, Shuichi Iwamoto, Shinichi Ogata, Tomohiro Morita, Arinobu Hori, Tomoyoshi Oikawa, Antoku Kikuchi, Zenjiro Watanabe, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiromi Kumakawa, Yoshinobu Kuma, Tetsuo Kumakura, Yoshimitsu Inomata, Masahiro Kami, Ryuzaburo Shineha, Yasutoshi Saito
INTRODUCTION: In 2011, Fukushima was struck by a triple disaster: an earthquake, tsunamis, and a nuclear accident. In the aftermath, there was much fear among hospital staff members about radiation exposure and many staff members failed to report to work. OBJECTIVES: One objective is to measure this shortage in hospital staff and another is to compare the difference in recovery by hospital types and by categories of hospital staff. DESIGN: The monthly records of the number of staff members from May 2011 to September 2012 were extracted anonymously from the records of 7 local hospitals in the Soso district in Fukushima...
2016: PloS One
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