keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disaster law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#1
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734692/the-inverse-response-law-theory-and-relevance-to-the-aftermath-of-disasters
#2
Suzanne Phibbs, Christine Kenney, Graciela Rivera-Munoz, Thomas J Huggins, Christina Severinsen, Bruce Curtis
The Inverse Care Law is principally concerned with the effect of market forces on health care which create inequities in access to health services through privileging individuals who possess the forms of social capital that are valued within health care settings. The fields of disaster risk reduction need to consider the ways in which inequities, driven by economic and social policy as well as institutional decision-making, create vulnerabilities prior to a disaster, which are then magnified post disaster through entrenched structural differences in access to resources...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733000/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-ii-educational-and-training-initiatives
#3
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
ABSTRACTNo discipline has been impacted more by war and armed conflict than health care has. Health systems and health care providers are often the first victims, suffering increasingly heinous acts that cripple the essential health delivery and public health infrastructure necessary for the protection of civilian and military victims of the state at war. This commentary argues that current instructional opportunities to prepare health care providers fall short in both content and preparation, especially in those operational skill sets necessary to manage multiple challenges, threats, and violations under international humanitarian law and to perform triage management in a resource-poor medical setting...
May 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706140/health-care-providers-in-war-and-armed-conflict-operational-and-educational-challenges-in-international-humanitarian-law-and-the-geneva-conventions-part-i-historical-perspective
#4
Frederick M Burkle, Adam L Kushner, Christos Giannou, Mary A Paterson, Sherry M Wren, Gilbert Burnham
Since 1945, the reason for humanitarian crises and the way in which the world responds to them has dramatically changed every 10 to 15 years or less. Planning, response, and recovery for these tragic events have often been ad hoc, inconsistent, and insufficient, largely because of the complexity of global humanitarian demands and their corresponding response system capabilities. This historical perspective chronicles the transformation of war and armed conflicts from the Cold War to today, emphasizing the impact these events have had on humanitarian professionals and their struggle to adapt to increasing humanitarian, operational, and political challenges...
April 30, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692017/-temporal-and-spatial-change-of-climate-resources-and-meteorological-disasters-under-climate-change-during-winter-crop-growing-season-in-guangdong-province-china
#5
Hua Wang, Hui Hua Chen, Li Sheng Tang, Juan Huai Wang, Hai Yan Tang
Trend analysis method was applied to analyze the general variation characteristics of the climate resources and meteorological disasters of growing season of the winter planting in Guangdong before (1961-1996) and after climate warming (1997-2015). Percentile method was employed to determine thresholds for extreme cold and drought in major planting regions, and the characteristics of extreme disasters since climate warming were analyzed. The results showed that, by comparing 1997-2015 with 1961-1996, the heat value in winter growing season increased significantly...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622286/the-german-emergency-and-disaster-medicine-and-management-system-history-and-present
#6
REVIEW
Norman Hecker, Bernd Dieter Domres
As well for optimized emergency management in individual cases as for optimized mass medicine in disaster management, the principle of the medical doctors approaching the patient directly and timely, even close to the site of the incident, is a long-standing marker for quality of care and patient survival in Germany. Professional rescue and emergency forces, including medical services, are the "Golden Standard" of emergency management systems. Regulative laws, proper organization of resources, equipment, training and adequate delivery of medical measures are key factors in systematic approaches to manage emergencies and disasters alike and thus save lives...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614461/prenatal-exposure-to-disaster-related-traumatic-stress-and-developmental-trajectories-of-temperament-in-early-childhood-superstorm-sandy-pregnancy-study
#7
Wei Zhang, Khushmand Rajendran, Jacob Ham, Jackie Finik, Jessica Buthmann, Kei Davey, Patricia M Pehme, Kathryn Dana, Alexandra Pritchett, Holly Laws, Yoko Nomura
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) on the developmental trajectory of temperament and few studies have been able to incorporate a natural disaster as a quasi-experimental stressor. The current study investigated PNMS related to Superstorm Sandy ('Sandy'), a hurricane that struck the New York metropolitan area in October 2012, in terms of objective exposure during pregnancy, subjective stress reaction as assessed by maternal symptoms of post-traumatic stress, and their impact on the developmental changes in temperament during early childhood...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601478/did-harvey-learn-from-katrina-initial-observations-of-the-response-to-companion-animals-during-hurricane-harvey
#8
Steve Glassey
The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005 became the genesis of animal emergency management and created significant reforms in the US particularly the passage of the Pets Emergency and Transportation Standards Act in 2006 that required state and local emergency management arrangements to be pet- and service animal-inclusive. More than a decade later Hurricane Harvey struck the Gulf states with all 68 directly related deaths occurring in the state of Texas. In this study, six key officials involved in the response underwent a semi-structured interview to investigate the impact of the PETS Act on preparedness and response...
March 30, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534021/evaluation-of-regional-vulnerability-to-disasters-by-people-of-ishikawa-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-using-national-health-insurance-data
#9
Makoto Fujiu, Yuma Morisaki, Junichi Takayama, Kiyoko Yanagihara, Tatsuya Nishino, Masahiko Sagae, Kohei Hirako
The 2013 Partial Amendment of the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Law mandated that a roster of vulnerable persons during disasters be created, and further development of evacuation support is expected. In this study, the number of vulnerable people living in target analytical areas are identified in terms of neighborhood units by using the National Health Insurance Database to create a realistic and efficient evacuation support plan. Later, after considering the "vulnerability" of an area to earthquake disaster damage, a quantitative evaluation of the state of the disaster is performed using a principle component analysis that further divided the analytical target areas into neighborhood units to make a detailed determination of the number of disaster-vulnerable persons, the severity of the disaster, etc...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404722/crisis-communication-in-public-health-emergencies-the-limits-of-legal-control-and-the-risks-for-harmful-outcomes-in-a-digital-age
#10
Paul Quinn
Communication by public authorities during a crisis situation is an essential and indispensable part of any response to a situation that may threaten both life and property. In the online connected world possibilities for such communication have grown further, in particular with the opportunity that social media presents. As a consequence, communication strategies have become a key plank of responses to crises ranging from epidemics to terrorism to natural disaster. Such strategies involve a range of innovative practices on social media...
February 6, 2018: Life Sciences, Society and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384734/extra-oral-dental-radiography-for-disaster-victims-using-a-flat-panel-x-ray-detector-and-a-hand-held-x-ray-generator
#11
M Ohtani, T Oshima, S Mimasaka
BACKGROUND: Forensic odontologists commonly incise the skin for post-mortem dental examinations when it is difficult to open the victim's mouth. However, it is prohibited by law to incise dead bodies without permission in Japan. Therefore, we attempted using extra-oral dental radiography, using a digital X-ray equipment with rechargeable batteries, to overcome this restriction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A phantom was placed in the prone position on a table, and three plain dental radiographs were used per case: "lateral oblique radiographs" for left and right posterior teeth and a "contact radiograph" for anterior teeth were taken using a flat panel X-ray detector and a hand-held X-ray generator...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251537/public-health-and-law-enforcement-joint-investigation-of-unknown-suspicious-substances-and-potential-threat-evaluations-minnesota-2007-2016
#12
Tory V Whitten, Maureen M Sullivan, Stefan Saravia, Jayne Griffith, Joni M Scheftel, Richard N Danila
From the Field is a semi-regular column that explores what it means to be a local health professional on the front lines of an emergency. Typically, National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO) members share their stories of preparing for and responding to disasters, epidemics, and other major health issues. This month's column features a submission from a state health department that describes their experience in investigating white powder incidents. Through exploring the analysis of the challenges faced and the solutions developed, readers can learn how these public health champions keep their communities safe even in extreme situations...
November 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188129/a-rights-based-approach-to-information-in-humanitarian-assistance
#13
Daniel P Scarnecchia, Nathaniel A Raymond, Faine Greenwood, Caitlin Howarth, Danielle N Poole
Crisis-affected populations and humanitarian aid providers are both becoming increasingly reliant on information and communications technology (ICTs) for finding and provisioning aid. This is exposing critical, unaddressed gaps in the legal and ethical frameworks that traditionally defined and governed the professional conduct of humanitarian action. The most acute of these gaps is a lack of clarity about what human rights people have regarding information in disaster, and the corresponding obligations incumbent upon governments and aid providers...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144284/integrated-assessment-and-scenarios-simulation-of-urban-water-security-system-in-the-southwest-of-china-with-system-dynamics-analysis
#14
Su Yin, Guan Dongjie, Su Weici, Gao Weijun
The demand for global freshwater is growing, while global freshwater available for human use is limited within a certain time and space. Its security has significant impacts on both the socio-economic system and ecological system. Recently, studies have focused on the urban water security system (UWSS) in terms of either water quantity or water quality. In this study, water resources, water environment, and water disaster issues in the UWSS were combined to establish an evaluation index system with system dynamics (SD) and geographic information systems (GIS)...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132277/legal-responses-to-hiv-and-aids-lessons-from-swaziland
#15
Musa N Shongwe
Since 1999, the HIV and AIDS epidemic in Swaziland has been declared a national disaster, and today HIV and AIDS still pose a great threat to the survival and development of Swaziland and its people. The impact of the pandemic necessitated a multi-faceted response from the government. This paper critically evaluates the Swaziland legal response to HIV and AIDS. The objective is to assess whether and to what extent Swazi law addresses human rights issues related to HIV and AIDS. Through the application of a human rights based theory, the paper analyses the domestication of Swaziland's treaty commitments, and the constitutional and the statutory frameworks...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892446/funding-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states
#16
Rebecca Katz, Aurelia Attal-Juncqua, Julie E Fischer
The historical precedents that support state and local leadership in preparedness for and response to disasters are in many ways at odds with the technical demands of preparedness and response for incidents affecting public health. New and revised laws and regulations, executive orders, policies, strategies, and plans developed in response to biological threats since 2001 address the role of the federal government in the response to public health emergencies. However, financial mechanisms for disaster response-especially those that wait for gubernatorial request before federal assistance can be provided-do not align with the need to prevent the spread of infectious agents or efficiently reduce the impact on public health...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846915/humanitarian-forensic-action-its-origins-and-future
#17
Stephen Cordner, Morris Tidball-Binz
Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829007/how-do-doctors-and-nurses-in-emergency-departments-in-hong-kong-view-their-disaster-preparedness-a-cross-sectional-territory-wide-online-survey
#18
Rex P K Lam, Satchit Balsari, Kevin K C Hung, Kai-Hsun Hsiao, L P Leung, Jennifer Leaning
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of all-hazards disaster preparedness and training needs of emergency department (ED) doctors and nurses in Hong Kong from their perspective, and identify factors associated with high perceived personal preparedness. DESIGN: This study was a cross-sectional territory-wide online survey conducted from 9 September to 26 October, 2015. Participants The participants were doctors from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Medicine and nurses from the Hong Kong College of Emergency Nursing...
August 22, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792068/towards-a-politics-of-disaster-response-presidential-disaster-instructions-in-china-1998-2012
#19
Peng Tao, Chunliang Chen
China's disaster management system contains no law-based presidential disaster declarations; however, the national leader's instructions (pishi in Chinese) play a similar role to disaster declarations, which increase the intensity of disaster relief. This raises the question of what affects presidential disaster instructions within an authoritarian regime. This research shows that China's disaster politics depend on a crisis threshold system for operation and that the public and social features of disasters are at the core of this system...
April 2018: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751680/limits-of-risk-predictability-in-a-cascading-alternating-renewal-process-model
#20
Xin Lin, Alaa Moussawi, Gyorgy Korniss, Jonathan Z Bakdash, Boleslaw K Szymanski
Most risk analysis models systematically underestimate the probability and impact of catastrophic events (e.g., economic crises, natural disasters, and terrorism) by not taking into account interconnectivity and interdependence of risks. To address this weakness, we propose the Cascading Alternating Renewal Process (CARP) to forecast interconnected global risks. However, assessments of the model's prediction precision are limited by lack of sufficient ground truth data. Here, we establish prediction precision as a function of input data size by using alternative long ground truth data generated by simulations of the CARP model with known parameters...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
19668
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"