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Critical stress management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444705/under-what-circumstances-should-stress-incontinence-surgery-be-performed-at-the-same-time-as-prolapse-surgery-ici-rs-2015
#1
REVIEW
Vik Khullar, Ralf Anding, Dudley Robinson, David Castro-Diaz, Roger Dmochowski, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: An International Consultation on Incontinence-Research Society (ICI-RS) Think Tank in 2015 discussed and evaluated the evidence of when stress incontinence surgery should be performed with prolapse surgery and highlighted evidence gaps, with the aim of recommending further clinical and research proposals. METHODS: A review of the literature assessing randomized studies where women with vaginal prolapse have been randomized to vaginal prolapse surgery with or without continence surgery were evaluated...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433817/climate-change-risks-extinction-debt-and-conservation-implications-for-a-threatened-freshwater-fish-carmine-shiner-notropis-percobromus
#3
Shubha N Pandit, Bryan M Maitland, Laxmi K Pandit, Mark S Poesch, Eva C Enders
Climate change is affecting many freshwater species, particularly fishes. Predictions of future climate change suggest large and deleterious effects on species with narrow dispersal abilities due to limited hydrological connectivity. In turn, this creates the potential for population isolation in thermally unsuitable habitats, leading to physiological stress, species declines or possible extirpation. The current extent of many freshwater fish species' spatio-temporal distribution patterns and their sensitivity to thermal impacts from climate change - critical information for conservation planning - are often unknown...
April 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#4
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432920/health-family-strains-dependency-and-life-satisfaction-of-older-adults
#5
Srinivasan Chokkanathan, Jayashree Mohanty
Using stress process theory and structural equation modelling, this study investigated the complex relationship between health status, family strain, dependency, and the life satisfaction of rural older adults with reported functional impairments in India. Data were extracted from a large-scale study of 903 randomly selected adults aged 61 years and older from 30 rural clusters of India. The sample for this study was confined to 653 older adults who reported functional impairments. Structural equation modelling showed that poor health status indirectly lowered the life satisfaction of older adults through family strains...
April 10, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426909/nursing-and-pharmacy-students-use-of-emotionally-intelligent-behaviours-to-manage-challenging-interpersonal-situations-with-staff-during-clinical-placement-a-qualitative-study
#6
Andrea McCloughen, Kim Foster
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To identify challenging interpersonal interactions experienced by nursing and pharmacy students during clinical placement, and strategies used to manage those situations. BACKGROUND: Healthcare students and staff experience elevated stress when exposed to dynamic clinical environments, complex care, and challenging professional relationships. Emotionally intelligent behaviours are associated with appropriate recognition and management of emotions evoked by stressful experiences, and development of effective relationships...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417609/action-plans-and-coping-strategies-in-elderly-copd-patients-influence-the-result-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-an-observational-study
#7
Patrizia Russo, Giulia Prinzi, Aliaksei Kisialou, Vittorio Cardaci, Emanuele Stirpe, Vittoria Conti, Massimo Fini, Stefano Bonassi
BACKGROUND: COPD management needs a comprehensive assessment of clinical features (symptoms severity, co-morbidities) together with life-style, behavioural, socio-economic and multi-omics parameters. Among the other issues, psycho-cognitive assessment plays a critical role. Coping strategies are used to manage psychological stress. AIM: To evaluate the association between coping strategies and outcome of Pulmonary Rehabilitation (PR). DESIGN: Observational study...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413683/obtaining-accurate-glucose-measurements-from-wild-animals-under-field-conditions-comparing-a-hand-held-glucometer-with-a-standard-laboratory-technique-in-grey-seals
#8
Kimberley A Bennett, Lucy M Turner, Sebastian Millward, Simon E W Moss, Ailsa J Hall
Glucose is an important metabolic fuel and circulating levels are tightly regulated in most mammals, but can drop when body fuel reserves become critically low. Glucose is mobilized rapidly from liver and muscle during stress in response to increased circulating cortisol. Blood glucose levels can thus be of value in conservation as an indicator of nutritional status and may be a useful, rapid assessment marker for acute or chronic stress. However, seals show unusual glucose regulation: circulating levels are high and insulin sensitivity is limited...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407464/practical-management-of-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#9
Mi-Jeong Kim, Mi-Seung Shin
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an idiopathic cardiomyopathy that causes systolic heart failure (HF) in previously healthy young women. Despite latest remarkable achievement, unifying pathophysiologic mechanism is not well established. Considering close temporal relationship to pregnancy, the recent prolactin theory is promising. Abnormal short form of 16-kDa prolactin may be produced in the oxidative stress milieu, show anti-angiogenic effect and damage cardiovascular structure in late pregnancy. Future study is needed to determine whether abnormal prolactin system is useful as a biomarker for diagnosis and therapy of PPCM...
April 14, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400131/linking-tumor-glycolysis-and-immune-evasion-in-cancer-emerging-concepts-and-therapeutic-opportunities
#10
REVIEW
Shanmugasundaram Ganapathy-Kanniappan
Metabolic reprogramming and immune evasion are two hallmarks of cancer. Metabolic reprogramming is exemplified by cancer's propensity to utilize glucose at an exponential rate which in turn is linked with "aerobic glycolysis", popularly known as the "Warburg effect". Tumor glycolysis is pivotal for the efficient management of bioenergetics and uninterrupted cancer growth. Mounting evidence suggests that tumor glycolysis also plays a key role in instigating immunosuppressive networks that are critical for cancer cells to escape immune surveillance ("immune evasion")...
April 8, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398839/foundational-and-translational-research-opportunities-to-improve-plant-health
#11
Richard W Michelmore, Gitta Coaker, Rebecca Bart, Gwyn A Beattie, Andrew Bent, Toby Bruce, Duncan Cameron, Jeff Dangl, Savithramma Dinesh-Kumar, Robert Edwards, Sebastian Eves-van den Akker, Walter Gassmann, Jean Greenberg, Richard Harrison, Ping He, Jagger Harvey, Alisa Huffaker, Scot Hulbert, Roger Innes, Jonathan D Jones, Isgouhi Kaloshian, Sophien Kamoun, Fumiaki Katagiri, Jan E Leach, Wenbo Ma, John M McDowell, June Medford, Blake Meyers, Rebecca Nelson, Richard Peter Oliver, Yiping Qi, Diane Saunders, Michael Shaw, Prasanta Subudhi, Leslie Torrance, Brett M Tyler, John Walsh
This whitepaper reports the deliberations of a workshop focused on biotic challenges to plant health held in Washington, D.C. in September 2016. Ensuring health of food plants is critical to maintaining the quality and productivity of crops and for sustenance of the rapidly growing human population. There is a close linkage between food security and societal stability; however, global food security is threatened by the vulnerability of our agricultural systems to numerous pests, pathogens, weeds, and environmental stresses...
April 11, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398339/animal-models-to-improve-our-understanding-and-treatment-of-suicidal-behavior
#12
REVIEW
T D Gould, P Georgiou, L A Brenner, L Brundin, A Can, P Courtet, Z R Donaldson, Y Dwivedi, S Guillaume, I I Gottesman, S Kanekar, C A Lowry, P F Renshaw, D Rujescu, E G Smith, G Turecki, P Zanos, C A Zarate, P A Zunszain, T T Postolache
Worldwide, suicide is a leading cause of death. Although a sizable proportion of deaths by suicide may be preventable, it is well documented that despite major governmental and international investments in research, education and clinical practice suicide rates have not diminished and are even increasing among several at-risk populations. Although nonhuman animals do not engage in suicidal behavior amenable to translational studies, we argue that animal model systems are necessary to investigate candidate endophenotypes of suicidal behavior and the neurobiology underlying these endophenotypes...
April 11, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394587/consumptive-water-use-analysis-of-upper-rio-grande-basin-in-southern-colorado
#13
Jonathan Dubinsky, Arunprakash T Karunanithi
Water resource management and governance at the river basin scale is critical for the sustainable development of rural agrarian regions in the West. This research applies a consumptive water use analysis, inspired by the Water Footprint methodology, to the Upper Rio Grande Basin (RGB) in south central Colorado. The region is characterized by water stress, high dessert conditions, declining land health, and a depleting water table. We utilize region specific data and models to analyze the consumptive water use of RGB...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389559/the-kim-family-protein-tyrosine-phosphatases-use-distinct-reversible-oxidation-intermediates-intramolecular-or-intermolecular-disulfide-bond-formation
#14
Luciana E S F Machado, Tun-Li Shen, Rebecca Page, Wolfgang Peti
The kinase interaction motif (KIM) family of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) includes hematopoietic protein tyrosine phosphatase (HePTP), striatal-enriched protein tyrosine phosphatase (STEP), and protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type R (PTPRR). KIM-PTPs bind and dephosphorylate mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and thereby critically modulate cell proliferation and differentiation. PTP activity can readily be diminished by reactive oxygen species (ROS), e.g. H2O2, that oxidize the catalytically indispensable active-site cysteine...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388975/psychosocial-work-stressors-work-fatigue-and-musculoskeletal-disorders-comparison-between-emergency-and-critical-care-nurses-in-brunei-public-hospitals
#15
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin, Lin Naing
PURPOSE: Little evidence estimated the exposure of psychosocial work stressors, work-related fatigue, and musculoskeletal disorders for nurses working in South-East Asian region, and research on this subject is almost nonexistent in Brunei. The main aim of our study was to provide a comprehensive exploration and estimate exposure of the study variables amongst emergency (ER) and critical care (CC) nurses in Brunei. The study also aims to compare whether experiences of ER nurses differ from those of CC nurses...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386633/rlip76-inhibition-a-promising-developmental-therapy-for-neuroblastoma
#16
REVIEW
Sharad S Singhal, Lokesh Nagaprashantha, Preeti Singhal, Sulabh Singhal, Jyotsana Singhal, Sanjay Awasthi, David Horne
Refractory and relapsed neuroblastoma (NB) present with significant challenges in clinical management. Though primary NBs largely with wild-type p53 respond well to interventions, dysfunctional signaling in the p53 pathways in a MYCN oncogene driven background is found in a number of children with NB. The p53-mutant NB is largely unresponsive to available therapies and p53-independent targeted therapeutics represents a vital need in pediatric oncology. We analyzed the findings on mercapturic acid pathway (MAP) transporter RLIP76, which has broad and critical effects on multiple pathways as essential for carcinogenesis, oxidative stress and drug-resistance, is over-expressed in NB...
April 6, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381395/a-mobile-app-for-chronic-disease-self-management-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Raymond L Ownby, Amarilis Acevedo, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, Joshua Caballero, Michael Simonson, Rosemary Davenport, Kofi Kondwani, Robin J Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is a critically important skill that helps people become active participants in their health care. Multiple studies in the United States and across the world have documented the association of health literacy with multiple health outcomes. In particular, the elderly and many members of minority groups have been shown to have low levels of health literacy; the same groups are disproportionately affected by chronic illnesses. These twin burdens affect the people most in need of the skills and knowledge required for coping with chronic illnesses...
April 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380517/surface-wetting-strategy-prevents-acute-heat-exposure-induced-alterations-of-hypothalamic-stress-and-metabolic-related-genes-in-broiler-chickens
#18
H Rajaei-Sharifabadi, E Greene, A Piekarski, D Falcon, L Ellestad, A Donoghue, W Bottje, T Porter, Y Liang, S Dridi
Heat stress (HS) is devastating to poultry production worldwide, yet its biology and molecular responses are not well defined. Although advances in management strategy have partially alleviated the negative impact of HS, productivity still continues to decline when the ambient temperature rises. Therefore, identifying mechanism-based approaches to decrease HS susceptibility while improving production traits is critical. Recently, we made a breakthrough by applying a surface wetting strategy and showing that it improves growth performance compared with the current conventional cooling system...
March 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374539/comparative-assessment-of-the-thermal-tolerance-of-spotted-stemborer-chilo-partellus-lepidoptera-crambidae-and-its-larval-parasitoid-cotesia-sesamiae-hymenoptera-braconidae
#19
Reyard Mutamiswa, Frank Chidawanyika, Casper Nyamukondiwa
Under stressful thermal environments, insects adjust their behaviour and physiology to maintain key life-history activities and improve survival. For interacting species, mutual or antagonistic, thermal stress may affect the partcipants in differing ways, which may then affect the outcome of the ecological relationship. In agroecosystems, this may be the fate of relationships between insect pests and their antagonistic parasitoids under acute and chronic thermal variability. Against this background, we investigated the thermal tolerance of different developmental stages of Chilo partellus Swinhoe (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and its larval parasitoid, Cotesia sesamiae Cameron (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) using both dynamic and static protocols...
April 4, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372936/-every-person-s-just-different-women-s-experiences-with-counseling-for-early-pregnancy-loss-management
#20
Robin Wallace, Angela DiLaura, Christine Dehlendorf
BACKGROUND: Women have strong preferences for their choice of early pregnancy loss (EPL) management. However, current practice patterns suggest that some women may not be offered counseling about the full range of management options. To develop a foundation for quality counseling about EPL treatment, we elicited patients' perspectives regarding their preferences and values for communication during this decision-making process. METHODS: Twenty-one individual interviews were conducted with women who recently experienced EPL...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
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