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Cancer rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341201/diversity-in-cancer-care-exploring-social-categories-in-encounters-between-healthcare-professionals-and-breast-cancer-patients
#1
Nanna Nyholm, Ida Halvorsen, Anna Mygind, Ulla Christensen, Maria Kristiansen
BACKGROUND: The burden of breast cancer is a key challenge for women's health globally. Rehabilitation needs and strategies for living with long-term consequences of breast cancer and its treatment cannot be isolated from the social contexts of patients, including relationships with relatives and healthcare professionals. AIM: This study explores how healthcare professionals' categorisations engage with breast cancer patients' social identities in encounters about rehabilitation before hospital discharge...
January 17, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337686/forgotten-public-health-impacts-of-cancer-an-overview
#2
Susana Viegas, Carina Ladeira, Ana Costa-Veiga, Julian Perelman, Goran Gajski
Cancer is one of the diseases of greatest concern in developed countries and much effort has been invested in discovering and developing therapeutics for curing cancer. Despite the improvements in antineoplastic therapeutics in the last decades, cancer is still one of the most harmful diseases worldwide. The global burden of cancer also implies financial costs: these can be direct costs, such as those related to treatment, care, and rehabilitation and indirect, which include the loss of economic output due to missed work (morbidity costs) and premature death (mortality costs)...
December 20, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332760/ischemic-compression-and-kinesiotherapy-on-chronic-myofascial-pain-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Flávia Belavenuto Rangon, Vânia Tiê Koga Ferreira, Monique Silva Rezende, Amanda Apolinário, Ana Paula Ferro, Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira Guirro
OBJECTIVE: assess the effects of ischemic compression and kinesiotherapy on the rehabilitation of breast cancer survivors with chronic myofascial pain. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, blinded clinical trial was performed with 20 breast cancer survivors with myofascial trigger point in the upper trapezius muscle. Patients were randomly allocated to ischemic compression + kinesiotherapy (G1, n = 10) and kinesiotherapy (G2, n = 10). Both groups were submitted to 10 sessions of treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327644/evaluation-of-supervised-multimodal-prehabilitation-programme-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-colorectal-resection-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Sarah-Ève Loiselle, Enrico M Minnella, Ramanakumar V Agnihotram, Andreas Bergdahl, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation has been previously shown to be more effective in enhancing postoperative functional capacity than rehabilitation alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a weekly supervised exercise session could provide further benefit to our current prehabilition program, when comparing to standard post-surgical rehabilitation. METHODS: A parallel-arm single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in patients scheduled for non-metastatic colorectal cancer resection...
January 12, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314350/efficacy-of-a-web-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-intervention-for-adult-cancer-survivors-a-pilot-study
#5
M E Mihuta, H J Green, D H K Shum
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a web-based cognitive rehabilitation intervention in survivors of adult-onset cancer and a sample of non-cancer community dwelling adults. Fifty-one participants were recruited and allocated to a cancer intervention group, a non-cancer intervention group, or a non-cancer waitlist group. Intervention groups completed a 4-week online program and all participants were assessed at baseline, post-intervention and 3-month follow-up. The primary outcome measure was subjective cognitive functioning...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313853/multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-across-the-esophageal-cancer-journey
#6
COMMENT
Linda O'Neill, Jenny Gannon, Emer Guinan, John V Reynolds, Juliette Hussey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313107/treatment-possibilities-for-low-anterior-resection-syndrome-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Audrius Dulskas, Edgaras Smolskas, Inga Kildusiene, Narimantas E Samalavicius
AIM: Up to 80% of patients after low anterior resection, experience (low) anterior resection syndrome (ARS/LARS). However, there is no standard treatment option currently available. This systemic review aims to summarize treatment possibilities for LARS after surgical treatment of rectal cancer in the medical literature. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library were searched using the terms anterior resection syndrome, low anterior resection, colorectal/rectal/rectum, surgery/operation, pelvic floor rehabilitation, biofeedback, transanal irrigation, sacral nerve stimulation, and tibial nerve stimulation...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309818/nonpharmacologic-interventions-for-improving-sleep-disturbances-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Apostolos Papadoudis, Maria Kiagia, Konstantinos Syrigos
CONTEXT: Lung cancer patients suffer from higher levels of sleep disturbances compared to other cancer patients and this leads to greater distress, poorer function and lower quality of life. Nonpharmacologic interventions have demonstrated improvements in the context of breast cancer but their efficacy in the lung cancer population is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to determine the effects of any nonpharmacologic intervention on sleep quality of lung cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307683/effect-of-starting-penile-rehabilitation-with-sildenafil-immediately-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy-on-erectile-function-recovery-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#9
Jung Ki Jo, Seong Jin Jeong, Jong Jin Oh, Sang Wook Lee, Sangchul Lee, Sung Kyu Hong, Seok-Soo Byun, Sang Eun Lee
PURPOSE: It has not been clearly proven in real practice whether early rehabilitation with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors starting immediately after radical prostatectomy improves erectile function recovery more effectively compared with delayed treatment with the same regimen. We performed a prospective randomised trial to identify this. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with prostate cancer and pre-operative International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-5 score ≥17 were randomly assigned to regularly receive sildenafil 100mg twice a week for 3 months immediately after urethral catheter removal (early group) or only at 3 months after nerve-sparing robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (delayed group)...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304140/long-term-effects-of-manual-lymphatic-drainage-and-active-exercises-on-physical-morbidities-lymphoscintigraphy-parameters-and-lymphedema-formation-in-patients-operated-due-to-breast-cancer-a-clinical-trial
#10
Mariana Maia Freire de Oliveira, Maria Salete Costa Gurgel, Bárbara Juarez Amorim, Celso Dario Ramos, Sophie Derchain, Natachie Furlan-Santos, César Cabello Dos Santos, Luís Otávio Sarian
PURPOSE: evaluate whether manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) or active exercise (AE) is associated with shoulder range of motion (ROM), wound complication and changes in the lymphatic parameters after breast cancer (BC) surgery and whether these parameters have an association with lymphedema formation in the long run. METHODS: Clinical trial with 106 women undergoing radical BC surgery, in the Women's Integrated Healthcare Center-University of Campinas. Women were matched for staging, age and body mass index and were allocated to performed AE or MLD, 2 weekly sessions during one month after surgery...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298678/the-brainfit-study-efficacy-of-cognitive-training-and-exergaming-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Valentin Benzing, Noëmi Eggenberger, Janine Spitzhüttl, Valerie Siegwart, Manuela Pastore-Wapp, Claus Kiefer, Nedelina Slavova, Michael Grotzer, Theda Heinks, Mirko Schmidt, Achim Conzelmann, Maja Steinlin, Regula Everts, Kurt Leibundgut
BACKGROUND: Cancer survival comes at a price: pediatric cancer survivors bear a high risk for a wide range of cognitive difficulties. Therefore, interventions targeting these difficulties are required. The aim of the present clinical trial is to extend empirical evidence about efficacy of cognitive and physical training in pediatric cancer survivors. It is hypothesized that early cognitive and physical interventions affect the remediation of pediatric cancer survivors in terms of improved executive functions (primary outcome)...
January 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290281/optimising-volumetric-arc-radiotherapy-for-dental-rehabilitation-in-oropharynx-cancer-a-retrospective-dosimetry-review-and-feasibility-planning-study
#12
Sean M O'Cathail, Naveen Karir, Ketan Shah
PURPOSE: To assess the dosimetry to dentally relevant substructures within the mandible/maxilla, establish the predictors of increased mean anterior mandible dose and assess the feasibility of rationale optimisation of dose to the anterior mandible (AM) volume to aid reconstructive dental surgery planning, where the AM is a critical structure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort of radically treated oropharynx cancer patients we conducted a retrospective dosimetry analysis of mandible/maxilla volumes, created using a published atlas...
January 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289967/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-in-women-with-breast-cancer-with-particular-emphasis-on-sexual-satisfaction-future-perspectives-and-body-image-depending-on-the-method-of-surgery
#13
Agnieszka J Słowik, Marcin Jacek Jabłoński, Anna M Michałowska-Kaczmarczyk, Robert Jach
OBJECTIVES: Both because of the large number of women undergoing surgery and a high cure rates, psychological rehabilitation of the consequences of breast cancer and side effects of their treatment is a major challenge of modern psychooncology. Aim. The study analyzed the quality of life in women with breast cancer, with particular emphasis on indicators of sexual satisfaction, future perspectives and body image, depending on the method of surgery. METHODS: The study included 42 women aged 35-70 years, 3 months after surgery due to early breast cancer, treated with adjuvant chemotherapy...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285616/correlation-between-the-skeletal-muscle-index-and-surgical-outcomes-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#14
Kenta Sui, Takehiro Okabayshi, Jun Iwata, Sojiro Morita, Tatsuaki Sumiyoshi, Tatsuo Iiyama, Yasuhiro Shimada
PURPOSES: Sarcopenia is known to be associated with a worse prognosis following abdominal operations; however, the relationship between sarcopenia and the outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy remains unclear. MATERIALS: We measured body composition parameters, including total abdominal muscle area, using preoperative staging computed tomography (CT), in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary cancer. The incidence of sarcopenia among these patients was evaluated and multivariable analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of postoperative pancreatic fistula...
December 28, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285328/a-new-spiral-dental-implant-a-tool-for-oral-rehabilitation-of-difficult-cases
#15
I Balan, R Calcaterra, D Lauritano, E Grecchi, F Carinci
Spiral dental implant (SDI) is an implant with a conical internal helix that confers the characteristic of self-drilling, self-tapping, and self-bone condensing. These proprieties offer better control during insertion of SDI giving a high primary stabilization, even in poor quality bone. A shorter diameter of SDI results in reduced drilling during insertion and consequently less trauma and minimal bone loss. To address the research purpose, the investigators designed a retrospective cohort study. The study population was composed of 25 patients, 11 males and 14 females that have been treated by Dr...
July 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282701/towards-icf-implementation-in-menopause-healthcare-a-systematic-review-of-icf-application-in-switzerland
#16
Martina Zangger, Dagmar Poethig, Florian Meissner, Michael von Wolff, Petra Stute
AIMS OF THE STUDY: To present a systematic literature review on the application and degree of implementation of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) across different health conditions and regions in Switzerland in order to develop an ICF classification of the climacteric syndrome in the medium term. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted through Embase and Medline covering the period between 2011 and August 2016...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280482/national-trends-in-primary-tracheoesophageal-puncture-after-total-laryngectomy
#17
Rosh K V Sethi, Daniel G Deschler
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) can be performed at the time of laryngectomy (primary) or postoperatively (secondary). Prior studies demonstrate safe and earlier voice acquisition and rehabilitation with primary TEP. The objectives of this study were to assess national trends in primary TEP and identify factors associated with its use. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2010 to 2014 was performed...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277176/-establishment-and-optimization-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-system-%C3%A2-for-lung-cancer
#18
Guowei Che
With the development of key techniques and programs, the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) has been utilized in a wide range of diseases and surgical specialties. The key technological elements of enhanced lung recovery after surgery (ELRAS), which is regarded as the mainstay of minimally invasive lung cancer surgery, consist of the airway management and the lung protection. A multidisciplinary team cooperation based on physicians, nurses and rehabilitative therapists is needed to achieve the goals of airway management and lung protection, thus establishing a comprehensive ELRAS system for lung cancer patients...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275507/a-12-year-follow-up-of-anna-c-trus-image-targeted-biopsies-in-patients-suspicious-for-prostate-cancer
#19
Theodoros Tokas, Björn Grabski, Udo Paul, Leif Bäurle, Tillmann Loch
PURPOSE: PSA screening has been rehabilitated. PSA is not specific and can be elevated by benign reasons. Additionally, a subgroup of patients with prostate hyperplasia may harbor prostate cancer (PCa). During monitoring, the clinician aims to detect significant tumors in time, submitting patients to minimal psychological and physical burden, especially in men with high serum PSA and repeat biopsies. We aimed to determine long-term outcomes with respect to ANNA/C-TRUS ability to detect PCa with six targeted biopsies...
December 23, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274149/evolution-of-oral-neoplasm-in-an-andalusian-population-spain
#20
R Flores-Ruiz, L Castellanos-Cosano, M-A Serrera-Figallo, A Gutierrez-Corrales, R Castillo-Oyague, J-L Gutierrez-Pere, D Torres-Lagares
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer are one of the most common neoplasm pathologies in humans. The aim of this study was to analyze the type, characteristics, treatment and evolution of oral neoplasm or precancerous lesion in a sample of Andalusian population (Spain) derived from the Oncology Rehabilitation Hospital Unit during a period of 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out during the years 1991 and 2011 analyzing the type, characteristics, treatment and follow-up of oral neoplasm in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Universitary Hospital Virgen del Rocio...
December 23, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
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