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Cancer rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096252/understanding-the-importance-of-therapeutic-relationships-in-the-development-of-self-management-behaviours-during-cancer-rehabilitation-a-qualitative-research-protocol
#1
Wendy M Wilkinson, Jaynie Rance, Deborah Fitzsimmons
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a growing health, social and economic problem. 1 in 3 people in the UK will develop cancer in their lifetime. With survival rates rising to over 50%, the long-term needs of cancer survivors are of growing importance. Cancer rehabilitation is tailored to address the physical or psychosocial decline in ability to engage in daily activities. Its use is supported by high-quality international, multicentre research. Incorporating strategies for self-management behaviour development into rehabilitation can prepare individuals for cancer survivorship...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093012/male-coping-through-a-long-term-cancer-trajectory-secondary-outcomes-from-a-rtc-examining-the-effect-of-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program-repca-among-radiated-men-with-prostate-cancer
#2
Karin B Dieperink, Christoffer Johansen, Steinbjørn Hansen, Lis Wagner, Klaus K Andersen, Lisbeth R Minet, Olfred Hansen
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to examine if rehabilitation influenced self-reported male coping styles during and up to three years after treatment with radiotherapy for prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center oncology unit in Odense, Denmark, 161 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy were included in a randomized controlled trial from 2010 to 2012. The trial examined the effect of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program within six months of treatment consisting of two nursing counseling sessions and two instructive sessions with a physical therapist (n = 79), or standard care (n = 82)...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#3
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075207/perceived-needs-for-different-components-in-a-rehabilitation-program-among-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-fatigue-compared-to-survivors-without-chronic-fatigue
#4
Gunhild M Gjerset, Jon H Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Sophie D Fosså, Sævar B Gudbergsson, Line M Oldervoll, Torbjørn Wisløff, Lene Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the user' needs is important to develop targeted rehabilitation for cancer patients with chronic fatigue (CF). The aims of the study were to examine prevalence of CF in cancer survivors attending an one-week inpatient educational program (IEP) and to identify characteristics of those with CF. Further to examine the perceived needs for different components in a rehabilitation program, need of complex rehabilitation (at least two components) and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with CF versus those without CF...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071622/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-after-prosthetic-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-oral-cancer-a-longitudinal-study-with-the-liverpool-oral-rehabilitation-questionnaire-version-3-and-oral-health-impact-profile-14-questionnaire
#5
K P Dholam, G C Chouksey, J Dugad
BACKGROUND: Prosthodontic rehabilitation helps to improve the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL). The Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ) and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) are specific tools that measure OHRQOL. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the impact of oral rehabilitation on patients' OHRQOL following treatment for cancer of oral cavity using LORQ version 3 (LORQv3) and OHIP-14 questionnaire. Secondary objectives were to identify issues specific to oral rehabilitation, patients compliance to prosthetic rehabilitation, the effect of radiation treatment on prosthetic rehabilitation, to achieve meaningful differences over a time before & after prosthetic intervention, to carryout and document specific patient-deprived problem...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067101/promoting-a-culture-of-prehabilitation-for-the-surgical-cancer-patient
#6
Francesco Carli, Chelsia Gillis, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Traditional rehabilitative approaches to perioperative cancer care have focused on the postoperative period to facilitate the return to presurgical baseline conditions. However, there is some realization that the preoperative period can be a very effective time for intervention as the patients are more amenable to target their physiological condition to prepare to overcome the metabolic cost of the surgical stress. METHODS: We undertook a narrative review of the current literature on surgical prehabilitation and discussed the current evidence of preoperative interventions before cancer surgery in order to increase physiological reserve before surgery and accelerate postoperative recovery...
January 9, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064402/most-national-cancer-institute-designated-cancer-center-websites-do-not-provide-survivors-with-information-about-cancer-rehabilitation-services
#7
Julie K Silver, Vishwa S Raj, Jack B Fu, Eric M Wisotzky, Sean Robinson Smith, Sasha E Knowlton, Alexander J Silver
This study is the first to evaluate the existence and quality of patient-related cancer rehabilitation content on the websites of National Cancer Institute (NCI)-Designated Cancer Centers. In 2016, a team of cancer rehabilitation physicians (physiatrists) conducted an analysis of the patient-related rehabilitation content on the websites of all NCI-Designated Cancer Centers that provide clinical care (N = 62 of 69). The main outcome measures included qualitative rating of the ease of locating descriptions of cancer rehabilitation services on each website, followed by quantitative rating of the quality of the cancer rehabilitation descriptions found...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062324/a-home-based-exercise-intervention-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-post-thoracotomy
#8
REVIEW
Amy J Hoffman, Ruth Ann Brintnall
OBJECTIVES: There are no evidenced-based rehabilitative guidelines for postsurgical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This qualitative study provides evidence on the acceptability of an effective postsurgical exercise intervention targeting the self-management of cancer-related fatigue to fill this gap. DATA SOURCES: Qualitative perspective of 37 individuals randomized to a 6-week exercise program following hospital discharge post-thoracotomy for NSCLC...
January 3, 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057059/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-caused-by-mucoid-serotype-3-streptococcus-pneumoniae-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Naomi Sugimoto, Yuka Yamagishi, Jun Hirai, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hiroyuki Suematsu, Naoya Nishiyama, Yusuke Koizumi, Hiroshige Mikamo
BACKGROUND: Among the different serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 3 has received global attention. We report the fatal case of a 76-year-old Japanese man who had an invasive pneumococcal disease associated with pneumonia caused by serotype 3 S. pneumoniae. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient had a history of hypertension, laryngeal cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Following a cerebral arteriovenous malformation hemorrhage, he underwent surgery to remove the hematoma and began rehabilitation...
January 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056205/evaluation-of-a-web-based-cognitive-rehabilitation-program-in-cancer-survivors-reporting-cognitive-symptoms-after-chemotherapy
#10
Victoria J Bray, Haryana M Dhillon, Melanie L Bell, Michael Kabourakis, Mallorie H Fiero, Desmond Yip, Frances Boyle, Melanie A Price, Janette L Vardy
Purpose Cognitive impairment is reported frequently by cancer survivors. There are no proven treatments. We evaluated a cognitive rehabilitation program (Insight) and compared it with standard care in cancer survivors self-reporting cognitive symptoms. Patients and Methods We recruited adult cancer survivors with a primary malignancy (excluding central nervous system malignancies) who had completed three or more cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy in the previous 6 to 60 months and reported persistent cognitive symptoms...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054496/tailoring-exercise-interventions-to-comorbidities-and-treatment-induced-adverse-effects-in-patients-with-early-stage-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-framework-to-support-clinical-decisions
#11
Marike van der Leeden, Rosalie J Huijsmans, Edwin Geleijn, Mariëtte de Rooij, Inge R Konings, Laurien M Buffart, Joost Dekker, Martijn M Stuiver
PURPOSE: Delivery of exercise interventions to patients with early-stage breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy requires complex clinical decisions. The purpose of this study was to develop a framework to support clinical decisions for tailoring exercise interventions to common comorbidities and cancer treatment-induced adverse effects. METHOD: Tailored exercise prescriptions were developed in four steps, following the i3-S strategy. All steps were based on current best available evidence, complemented with expert opinions...
January 5, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054145/exploration-of-return-to-work-interventions-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Karine Bilodeau, Dominique Tremblay, Marie-José Durand
PURPOSE: Many women who have been diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) would like to return to work after undergoing cancer treatment. This review explores the nature of interventions addressing return to work (RTW) for this population. METHOD: A scoping review was conducted using the Arksey and O'Malley framework. A search was conducted in five bibliographic databases from 2005 to 2015 to identify intervention studies. Article selection and characterization were performed by two reviewers using systematic grids...
January 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049577/evaluation-of-effectiveness-of-survivorship-programmes-how-to-measure-success
#13
REVIEW
Michael T Halpern, Keith E Argenbright
Although the number of cancer survivors has increased substantially in the past two decades, the evidence base regarding the effectiveness of cancer survivorship programmes is inadequate. Survivorship programmes tend to evaluate their effectiveness by assessing changes in patient-reported outcomes, symptoms and health status, knowledge, and receipt of cancer surveillance in programme participants. However, more comprehensive and high-quality evaluations of survivorship programmes are needed, including assessments using a broader set of measures...
January 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042926/the-potential-impact-of-gut-microbiota-on-your-health-current-status-and-future-challenges
#14
Stitaya Sirisinha
Our health and probably also our behaviors and mood depend not only on what we eat or what we do (lifestyle behaviors), but also on what we host. It is well established for decades that all vertebrates including humans are colonized by a wide array of bacteria, fungi, eukaryotic parasites and viruses, and that, at steady state (homeostasis), this community of microbes establishes a friendly mutual relationship with the host. The term microbiota was originally meant to represent an ecological community of commensals and potentially pathogenic microbes that live within our bodies, but it is now used interchangeably with the term microbiome which was initially meant to represent a collective genome of the microbiota...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039737/phonologic-and-acoustic-analysis-of%C3%A2-speech-following-glossectomy-and%C3%A2-the-effect-of-rehabilitation-on-speech-outcomes
#15
Jun Takatsu, Nobuhiro Hanai, Hidenori Suzuki, Masahiro Yoshida, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Seiya Tanaka, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Masahiko Yamamoto
PURPOSE: Changes in acoustic features in the perioperative phase for elucidating the mechanisms of articulation disorder and the effect of perioperative rehabilitation were studied prospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-two patients with 62 tongue cancer were divided into a partial glossectomy group (n = 40) and a reconstruction group (n = 22). Acoustic characteristics were analyzed during the preoperative and postoperative periods and after rehabilitation using the first and second formants of the vowels /a/, /i/, and /u/; the triangular vowel space area (tVSA); and the slopes of formant transitions...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039595/the-sexual-adjustment-process-of-cancer-patients-and-their-partners-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#16
Charlotte Benoot, Marlies Saelaert, Karin Hannes, Johan Bilsen
When confronted with cancer, a prominent challenge for patients and their partners is their changed sexual relationship. An empirically based theoretical model of the sexual adaptation process during cancer might be helpful in guiding the development of adequate interventions for couples who struggle with their sexual relationship. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to synthesize evidence from primary qualitative research studies and to arrive at a detailed description of the process of sexual adjustment during cancer...
December 30, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032568/seven-day-intensive-preoperative-rehabilitation-for-elderly-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Yutian Lai, Jian Huang, Mei Yang, Jianhua Su, Jing Liu, Guowei Che
BACKGROUND: As a newly developed treatment, preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has been studied in depth. However, few studies have assessed the relationship between advanced age and a shorter term intensive pattern of preoperative PR in patients with lung cancer (LC) and especially those patients waiting for therapeutic LC surgeries. This study investigated short-term preoperative PR combined with inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and aerobic endurance training in elderly patients scheduled to undergo LC lobectomy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029056/ultrasound-in-dysphagia-rehabilitation-a-novel-approach-following-partial-glossectomy
#18
Katrina M Blyth, Patricia McCabe, Catherine Madill, Kirrie J Ballard
PURPOSE: While the presence of dysphagia following partial glossectomy has been widely reported, there is insufficient quality evidence to guide clinical decision making about the treatment of this disorder. This study investigated a novel dysphagia rehabilitation approach using ultrasound tongue imaging for patient training. METHOD: Initially, a pilot study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of ultrasound visual feedback during swallow tasks. The protocol was then replicated using a single-case experimental designed study to investigate therapeutic effect...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007446/a-delphi-study-to-determine-rehabilitation-research-priorities-for-older-adults-with-cancer
#19
Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Mary Vining Radomski, Catherine M Alfano, Marsha Finkelstein, Alix G Sleight, Timothy F Marshall, Raymond McKenna, Jack B Fu
OBJECTIVE: To solicit expert opinions and develop consensus around the research that is needed to improve cancer rehabilitation for older adults. DESIGN: Delphi methods provided a structured process to elicit and prioritize research questions from national experts. SETTING: National, web-based survey. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two members of the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine completed at least one of three investigator-developed surveys...
December 19, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005681/outcomes-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-after-treatment-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-stages-i-to-iiia-an-observational-study
#20
Steffi M J Janssen, Jannie J Abbink, Robert Lindeboom, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland
PURPOSE: Although rehabilitation after treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was found to have a beneficial effect on exercise capacity in a number of studies, insight into its effect on quality of life (QoL) and fatigue is limited. The aim of this study was to examine the outcome of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) regarding fatigue, QoL, and exercise capacity in adult patients curatively treated for NSCLC stages I to IIIa. METHODS: Study data were prospectively and routinely gathered in daily practice in patients taking part in an outpatient PR program after treatment for NSCLC stages I to IIIa...
January 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
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