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Cancer rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789948/the-application-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-in-cancer-rehabilitation-current-prescription-pitfalls-and-future-directions
#1
Dominic O'Connor, Brian Caulfield
The plethora of treatment complications associated with cancer can be offset by regular exercise participation; however, adherence to current guidelines is poor, in particular in those unable or not allowed to participate in voluntary exercise due to their underlying disease. Alternative therapies such as neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are promising although previous results in cancer survivors have been equivocal. This is likely in response to methodological issues such as inappropriate NMES prescription...
May 22, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787385/a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis-to-explore-the-effectiveness-of-exercise-based-interventions-in-improving-fatigue-dyspnea-and-depression-in-lung-cancer-survivors
#2
Catherine L Henshall, Lizzie Allin, Helen Aveyard
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer survival rates are increasing; however, lung cancer survivors' mental and physical well-being can suffer from experiencing symptoms of fatigue, dyspnea, and depression. Exercise can improve these symptoms. However, no studies have examined the effects of different exercise interventions on these symptoms. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to examine the evidence on the effects of exercise interventions on fatigue, dyspnea, and depression in lung cancer survivors...
May 21, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786678/-the-feasibility-of-the-early-application-of-the-means-for-the-physical-rehabilitation-with-a-view-to-improvement-of-life-quality-in-the-women-presenting-with-postmastectomy-syndrome
#3
T E Odinets, Y A Briskin
BACKGROUND: the problem of rehabilitation and improvement of the life quality of women with the postmastectomy syndrome holds an important place in the modern concept of the treatment of breast cancer. AIM: The objective of the present study was to determine the purposefulness of the early application of the available means and methods of physical rehabilitation for the improvement of the life quality in the women presenting with postmastectomy syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 135 women with the postmastectomy syndrome who had undergone radical mastectomy as described by Madden followed by postoperative radiotherapy...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784132/effect-of-the-self-efficacy-enhancing-active-cycle-of-breathing-technique-on-lung-cancer-patients-with-lung-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#4
Mei Yang, Jiu-di Zhong, Jun-E Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Chuan-Zhen Li, Zhang-Xiang Hong, Si-Wen Zhang
PURPOSE: Enhancing self-efficacy during the active cycle of breathing technique is essential for realizing the full benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation among lung cancer patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy-enhancing active cycle of breathing technique (SEE-ACBT) among patients with lung resection. METHOD: A quasi-experimental trial with a pre-post test design was performed. The control group (n = 81) received routine perioperative care, and the intervention group (n = 81) received SEE-ACBT in addition to routine perioperative care...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781765/individualized-titanium-mesh-combined-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-deproteinized-bovine-bone-a-new-approach-for-challenging-augmentation
#5
Jonas Lorenz, Sarah Al-Maawi, Robert Sader, Shahram Ghanaati
Autologous bone transfer is regarded as the gold standard for ridge augmentation before dental implantation, especially in severe bony defects caused by tumor resection or atrophy. In addition to the advantages of autologous bone, transplantation has several disadvantages, such as secondary operation, increased morbidity and pain. The present study reports, for the first time, a combination of a xenogeneic bone substitute (BO) with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is a fully autologous blood concentrate derived from the patient's own peripheral blood by centrifugation...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781201/neuropsychological-and-self-reporting-outcomes-following-rehabilitation-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-survivors-of-breast-cancer-a-pilot-study-involving-survivor-partner-dyads
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774452/lymphedema-following-cancer-therapy-overview-and-options
#7
Michael Bernas, Saskia R J Thiadens, Betty Smoot, Jane M Armer, Paula Stewart, Jay Granzow
This summit focusing on lymphedema following cancer therapy was held during the 7th International Symposium on Cancer Metastasis through the Lymphovascular System. It was unique for the inclusion of patients with lymphedema joining physicians, therapists, healthcare professionals, and researchers to highlight what is known and more importantly what is unknown about the current state of research and treatment in the United States. The session opened with an introduction to lymphedema and then explored the incidence of multiple cancer-related lymphedemas, imaging tools and techniques useful for the diagnosis of lymphatic system abnormalities, and the new findings concerning the genetics of cancer-related lymphedema...
May 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771474/neurocog-fx-study-a-multicenter-cohort-study-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#8
Oliver Rick, Monika Reuß-Borst, Timm Dauelsberg, Holger Hass, Volker König, Reiner Caspari, Gabriele Götz-Keil, Jürgen Pfitzner, Christa Kerschgens, Klaus Fliessbach, Christian Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Complaints about cognitive dysfunction (CD) reportedly persist in approximately one third of breast cancer patients but the nature of CD and possible risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was set-up at 9 German oncological rehabilitation centers. Objective cognitive performance was assessed by the NeuroCog FX test, a short computerized screening (duration <30 min) which assesses working memory, alertness, verbal/figural memory and language/executive...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767832/cancer-survivors-exhibit-a-different-relationship-between-muscle-strength-and-health-related-quality-of-life-fatigue-compared-to-healthy-subjects
#9
S Morishita, A Tsubaki, J B Fu, Y Mitobe, H Onishi, T Tsuji
We investigated the difference in relationship between muscle strength and quality of life (QOL)/fatigue in long-term cancer survivors and healthy subjects. Thirty-six cancer survivors and 29 healthy subjects were assessed for body composition and bone status at the calcaneus using the Osteo Sono Assessment Index. Muscle strength was evaluated via handgrip and knee extensor strength. Health-related QOL was assessed using the Medical Outcome Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. Fatigue was measured using the brief fatigue inventory...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765264/coping-with-loss-of-ability-vs-emotional-control-and-self-esteem-in-women-after-mastectomy
#10
Katarzyna Cieślak, Wojciech Golusiński
Aim: Does coping with the loss of ability depend on self-esteem and emotional control? Background: Persons who experience losses in two dimensions, i.e. health and ability can deal with the loss by physical therapy, and also by mental and socio-professional rehabilitation. But far and foremost, it is the personality of the person who experiences the loss that matters most. Materials and methods: The study included 37 patients after mastectomy...
May 2018: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745361/a-window-beneath-the-skin-how-computed-tomography-assessment-of-body-composition-can-assist-in-the-identification-of-hidden-wasting-conditions-in-oncology-that-profoundly-impact-outcomes
#11
L E Daly, C M Prado, A M Ryan
Advancements in image-based technologies and body composition research over the past decade has led to increased understanding of the importance of muscle abnormalities, such as low muscle mass (sarcopenia), and more recently low muscle attenuation (MA), as important prognostic indicators of unfavourable outcomes in patients with cancer. Muscle abnormalities can be highly prevalent in patients with cancer (ranging between 10 and 90 %), depending on the cohort under investigation and diagnostic criteria used...
May 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743054/australian-integrative-oncology-services-a-mixed-method-study-exploring-the-views-of-cancer-survivors
#12
Jennifer Hunter, Jane Ussher, Chloe Parton, Andrew Kellett, Caroline Smith, Geoff Delaney, Eleanor Oyston
BACKGROUND: The significant use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM) by cancer survivors is well documented. The aim of this study was to explore cancer survivors' views on integrating T&CM services with conventional cancer care. METHOD: A mixed-method study design with an emphasis on qualitative methodology was used to conduct and analyse four focus group interviews and an on-line survey. Purposive sampling recruited 33 cancer survivors and caregivers from Arabic, Vietnamese, Chinese and Anglo-European Australian backgrounds who participated in one of four focus group interviews, and 121 cancer survivors who responded to an on-line survey...
May 9, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741279/testing-physical-function-in-children-undergoing-intense-cancer-treatment-a-respect-feasibility-study
#13
Martin K F Nielsen, Jesper F Christensen, Thomas L Frandsen, Troels Thorsteinsson, Lars B Andersen, Karl B Christensen, Jacob Nersting, Marianne Faber, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Hanne B Larsen
BACKGROUND: The physical function of children with cancer is reduced during treatment, which can compromise the quality of life and increase the risk of chronic medical conditions. The study, "REhabilitation, including Social and Physical activity and Education in Children and Teenagers with cancer" (Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01772862) examines the efficacy of multimodal rehabilitation strategies introduced at cancer diagnosis. This article addresses the feasibility of and obstacles to testing physical function in children with cancer...
May 9, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737478/long-term-improvement-of-the-bio-psycho-social-state-of-cancer-patients-after-3-weeks-of-inpatient-oncological-rehabilitation-a-long-term-study-at-the-humanomed-zentrum-althofen
#14
Johann Klocker, Ursula Klocker-Kaiser, Wolfgang Pipam, Dietmar Geissler
A 3-week cancer rehabilitation program was conducted at the Humanomed Zentrum Althofen, comprising therapy of organic defects, lifestyle modification, and psycho-social support. Therapeutic efficacy was assessed in comprehensive surveys before and after the therapy, and after 6 and 12 months. The study covers a 5-year period with data from 3233 patients. Parameters of subjective health assessed according to the European Quality of Life - 5 Dimensions (EuroQol EQ-5D) standard and signifying quality of life showed significant improvement both immediately after the therapy, and after 6 and 12 months...
May 8, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735478/development-and-validation-of-a-multidisciplinary-mobile-care-system-for-patients-with-advanced-gastrointestinal-cancer-interventional-observation-study
#15
Ji Yeong Soh, Won Chul Cha, Dong Kyung Chang, Ji Hye Hwang, Kihyung Kim, Miyong Rha, Hee Kwon
BACKGROUND: Mobile health apps have emerged as supportive tools in the management of advanced cancers. However, only a few apps have self-monitoring features, and they are not standardized and validated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop and validate a multidisciplinary mobile care system with self-monitoring features that can be useful for patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: The development of the multidisciplinary mobile health management system was divided into 3 steps...
May 7, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731164/influence-of-wellness-education-on-first-line-icotinib-hydrochloride-patients-with-stage-iv-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-and-their-family-caregivers
#16
Li Yanwei, Fang Minghui, Quan Manman, Yan Zhuchun, Liu Dongying, Pan Zhanyu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of wellness education (WE) intervention on the behavioral change, psychological status, performance status on patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing icotinib hydrochloride treatment and their relationships with family caregivers. METHODS: We conducted an intervention study involving 126 individuals with confirmed activating epidermal growth factor receptor mutation-positive stage IV NSCLC who received icotinib hydrochloride as first-line therapy between January 2014 and January 2016; their caregivers were also included in the study...
April 11, 2018: Current Problems in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726837/fracture-resistant-antibiofilm-adherent-self-assembled-pmma-zno-nanoformulations-for-biomedical-applications-physico-chemical-and-biological-perspectives-of-nano-reinforcement
#17
Indu Raj, Miran Mozetic, Jayachandran V Prabhu, Jiya Jose, Sabu Thomas, Nandakumar Kalarikkal
Antimicrobial, antibiofilm adherent, fracture resistant nano Zinc Oxide (ZnO NP) formulations based on poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) matrix were developed by ex situ compression moulding technique in a facile manner. These formulations demonstrated potent, long-term biofilm-resisting effects against Candida Albicans (9000 CFU to 1000CFU) and Streptococcal Mutans. Proposed mechanism of biofilm resistance was the release of metallic ions/metal oxide by 'particle-corrosion'. MTT and cellular proliferation assays confirmed both qualitatively and quantitatively equal human skin fibroblast cell line proliferations (approximately 75%) on both PMMA/ZnO formulation and on neat PMMA...
May 4, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725987/characteristics-of-cancer-rehabilitation-fellowship-training-programs-in-the-usa
#18
Rajesh R Yadav, An T Ngo-Huang, Amy Ng, Jack B Fu, Christian Custodio, Eric Wisotzky, Raj Mitra, Eduardo Bruera
Cancer rehabilitation is emerging as a specialized field within Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. The purpose of this systemic review is to summarize the various cancer rehabilitation fellowship programs in the USA and the scope of training in this discipline. Currently, four institutions offer such a training program. All of the fellowship directors were contacted about characteristics of their programs. The oldest program has been in existence since 2007. All of these programs are 1 year in duration and have between one and two fellowship positions annually...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723462/-prevention-and-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction-after-prostatectomy-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Peng Xu, Yin-Huai Wang
Prostate cancer has the highest incidence among malignant tumors of the urinary system in China. Radical prostatectomy (RP) is the most effective treatment for localized prostate cancer with a good long-term prognosis. Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication after RP, which seriously affects the patient's quality of life. With the rising incidence and early diagnosis of prostate cancer, the proportion of young cases of RP is increasing, and so is the importance of the treatment of post-RP ED. The restoration of erectile function after RP is closely related to the timing of penile rehabilitation as well as to pre- and intra-operative measures such as surgical strategies and methods...
July 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723421/oral-rehabilitation-of-the-cancer-patient-a-formidable-challenge
#20
Ivana Petrovic, Evan B Rosen, Evan Matros, Joseph M Huryn, Jatin P Shah
Rehabilitation of oral functions following surgery on the jaws is a goal that is often difficult to achieve. Removable dentures supported by remaining teeth or gum are often unstable and seldom satisfactory. On the other hand, endosseous (dental) implants offer a mechanism to provide stability to the dentures. This review, discusses factors related to the tumor, patient, treatment, and physicians which impact upon the feasibility and success of dental implants in patients with oral cancer.
May 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
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