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Cancer rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737048/ototoxicity-monitoring-in-children-treated-with-platinum-chemotherapy
#1
Beth Brooks, Kristin Knight
OBJECTIVE: To review the prevalence, mechanisms, clinical presentation, risk factors and implications of platinum-induced ototoxicity in paediatric cancer patients based on published evidence, discuss options for monitoring hearing in young children during treatment and review long-term follow-up guidelines. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. RESULTS: Children treated with cisplatin are at high risk of hearing loss and early, accurate identification of ototoxicity is important for medical decision making and hearing rehabilitation...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732487/alcohol-use-disorders-and-associated-chronic-disease-a-national-retrospective-cohort-study-from-france
#2
Michaël Schwarzinger, Sophie Pascale Thiébaut, Sylvain Baillot, Vincent Mallet, Jürgen Rehm
BACKGROUND: Evidence on diseases caused by or associated with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) has been based on two meta-analyses including rather dated studies. The objective of this contribution was to estimate the risks of all-cause mortality and alcohol-attributable disease categories depending on a diagnosis of AUDs in a national sample for France. METHODS: In a national retrospective cohort study on all inpatient acute and rehabilitation care patients in Metropolitan France 2008-2012 (N = 26,356,361), AUDs and other disease categories were identified from all discharge diagnoses according to standard definitions, and we relied on in-hospital death for mortality (57...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730888/preoperative-exercise-training-prevents-functional-decline-after-lung-resection-surgery-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#3
Raquel Sebio García, Maria Isabel Yáñez-Brage, Esther Giménez Moolhuyzen, Marta Salorio Riobo, Ana Lista Paz, Jose María Borro Mate
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation programme in patients with lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind controlled trial. SETTING: Teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Patients with suspected or confirmed lung cancer undergoing video-assisted thoracic surgery. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to either a prehabilitation group or a control group...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719632/viscum-album-neutralizes-tumor-induced-immunosuppression-in-a-human-in-vitro-cell-model
#4
Carmen Steinborn, Amy Marisa Klemd, Ann-Sophie Sanchez-Campillo, Sophie Rieger, Marieke Scheffen, Barbara Sauer, Manuel Garcia-Käufer, Konrad Urech, Marie Follo, Annekathrin Ücker, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Roman Huber, Carsten Gründemann
Tumor cells have the capacity to secrete immunosuppressive substances in order to diminish dendritic cell (DC) activity and thereby escape from immune responses. The impact of mistletoe (Viscum album) extracts (VAE), which are frequently used as an additive anti-cancer therapy to stimulate the immune response, is still unknown. Using a human cellular system, the impact of two different VAE (VAEA + VAEI) on the maturation of human dendritic cells and on T cell function has been investigated using flow cytometry, automated fluorescence microscopy and cytokine bead array assays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718864/-cognitive-behavioral-group-therapy-addressing-fear-of-progression-in-cancer-out-patients
#5
Bärbel Rudolph, Alexander Wünsch, Peter Herschbach, Andreas Dinkel
Fear of progression (FoP) is an appropriate, rational response to the real threat of cancer and its treatments. However, patients experiencing elevated, dysfunctional levels of FoP often feel severely distressed and are in need of treatment. We previously conducted a (partly-)randomized controlled study with cancer patients undergoing in-patient rehabilitation and showed that a brief, four-session cognitive-behavioral group therapy significantly reduced dysfunctional FoP. In this report, we describe the adaption of the cognitive-behavioral group therapy program for use with cancer out-patients...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717378/evaluation-of-shoulder-girdle-strength-more-than-12-month-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-and-axillary-nodes-dissection
#6
Mahdieh Akoochakian, Heidar Ali Davari, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Nader Rahnama
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is necessary for upper body normal function. Upper extremity function impairments have been reported in breast cancer (BC) survivors. It is not possible to know precisely if cancer adjuvant therapy such as radiation and chemotherapy had any effect on the unaffected arm. The aim of this study was to compare shoulder girdle strength among women with BC and similarly aged women without cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three postmenopausal women (51 ± 6...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713659/a-descriptive-report-of-early-mobilization-for-critically-ill-ventilated-patients-with-cancer
#7
Amanda Weeks, Claudine Campbell, Prabalini Rajendram, Weiji Shi, Louis Voigt
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization protocols have been successfully implemented to improve function in critically ill patients; however, no study has focused on the oncology population. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the feasibility of early mobilization and describe the rehabilitation interventions and discharge outcomes in a cohort of critically ill patients with cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective review. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with cancer who participated in occupational and physical therapy while on mechanical ventilation utilizing an institutional early mobilization protocol from June 2010 - July 2011, was completed...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702441/nationwide-survey-of-cancer-center-programs-in-korea
#8
Ji-Youn Kim, Eun-Surk Yi
This study was conducted to investigate cancer centers established for the purpose of satisfying various needs about cancer, improving the cancer treatment environment, and subdividing services ranging from diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation to palliative care. To this end, the authors have surveyed programs in 17 cancer centers representing Korea, including 12 national cancer centers and five major hospitals. As a result, it was found that the most common type of lecture program was disease management, followed by health care and hospitalization, while the most common type of participation program was psychological relief, followed by physical activity...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701024/management-of-axillary-web-syndrome-after-breast-cancer-evidence-based-practice
#9
Clarissa Medeiros da Luz, Julia Deitos, Thais Cristina Siqueira, Marina Palú, Ailime Perito Feiber Heck
Axillary web syndrome is characterized as a physical-functional complication that impacts the quality of life of women who have undergone treatment for breast cancer. The present study aims to verify the physiotherapy treatment available for axillary web syndrome after surgery for breast cancer in the context of evidence-based practice. The selection criteria included papers discussing treatment protocols used for axillary web syndrome after treatment for breast cancer. The search was performed in the MEDLINE, Scopus, PEDro and LILACS databases using the terms axillary web syndrome, lymphadenectomy and breast cancer, focusing on women with a previous diagnosis of breast cancer who underwent surgery with lymphadenectomy as part of their treatment...
July 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698950/outcomes-across-the-return-to-work-process-in-pc-survivors-attending-a-rehabilitation-measure-results-from-a-prospective-study
#10
Anneke Ullrich, Hilke M Rath, Ullrich Otto, Christa Kerschgens, Martin Raida, Christa Hagen-Aukamp, Corinna Bergelt
PURPOSE: Approximately 60% of patients are able to work following a cancer diagnosis. The return-to-work (RTW) process after disability can be conceptualized as a multi-phase construct. This study investigated RTW outcomes throughout the RTW process among survivors of prostate cancer (PC) attending a cancer rehabilitation measure. METHODS: The study was based on a sample of 837 employed PC survivors enrolled in a longitudinal multicenter study. Data was collected at the beginning of the rehabilitation measure, at the end and at 12-month follow-up by means of self-report questionnaires...
July 11, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696575/impact-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-postoperative-complications-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Hajime Saito, Kazutoshi Hatakeyama, Hayato Konno, Toshiki Matsunaga, Yoichi Shimada, Yoshihiro Minamiya
BACKGROUND: Given the extent of the surgical indications for pulmonary lobectomy in breathless patients, preoperative care and evaluation of pulmonary function are increasingly necessary. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for reducing the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The records of 116 patients with COPD, including 51 patients who received PR, were retrospectively analyzed...
July 11, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691420/recent-advances-in-tissue-conditioners-for-prosthetic-treatment-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Barbara Dorocka-Bobkowska, Dominik Medynski, Mariusz Prylinski
Tissue conditioners (TCs) are short term soft liners, formed in situ from the mixture of a polymer powder and a liquid plasticizer. The article reviews recent advances in composition, functions, clinical use, gelation process, and physical properties of TCs and their effects on denture bases and oral mucosa. TCs are used to improve the fit and function of an ill-fitting denture. They can also be used to treat abused mucosal tissues underlying ill-fitting acrylic dentures as temporary expedients. TCs are recommended as provisional liners to maintain the fit of removable dentures and to prevent mechanical irritation from the denture...
June 27, 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682913/video-assisted-thoracoscopic-sleeve-lobectomy-via-a-single-intercostal-space-three-port-approach-case-report
#13
Lian Wang, Saibo Pan, Ming Wu
INTRODUCTION: Video-assisted thoracoscopic sleeve lobectomy is safe and feasible for lung cancer. We describe a case of video-assisted thoracoscopic sleeve lobectomy via a novel single intercostal space (SIC) three-port approach. CONCLUSIONS: This case demonstrates that a SIC three-port thoracoscopic approach is effective in sleeve lobectomy, and possesses potential advantages in perioperative pain management and rehabilitation.
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680286/rehabilitation-and-exercise-oncology-program-translating-research-into-a-model-of-care
#14
M A Dalzell, N Smirnow, W Sateren, A Sintharaphone, M Ibrahim, L Mastroianni, L D Vales Zambrano, S O'Brien
INTRODUCTION: The Rehabilitation and Exercise Oncology model of care (ActivOnco) was established to optimize cancer survivorship through exercise prescription and active lifestyle promotion, providing a transition of care from hospital to community. Patients having any cancer diagnosis, stage of disease, and treatment were eligible for evaluation and exercise prescription upon deterioration of performance status. The team of professionals included hospital-based physiotherapists proactively screening for rehabilitation needs, loss of functional independence, and exercise eligibility, plus exercise specialists in a community-based Wellness Centre to provide follow-up or direct access for post-treatment or non-complex patients...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680274/development-and-pre-testing-of-a-rehabilitation-planning-consultation-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
S McEwen, C Dunphy, J Norman Rios, A Davis, J Jones, A Lam, I Poon, R Martino, J Ringash
BACKGROUND: In contrast with other major chronic conditions such as heart disease and stroke, cancer care does not routinely integrate evidence-based rehabilitation services within the standard continuum. The objectives of the present project were to develop a rehabilitation planning consultation (rpc) for survivors of head-and-neck (hn) cancer, to test its feasibility, and to make refinements. METHODS: Using intervention mapping, the rpc-alpha was developed by examining potential theoretical methods and practical applications relative to the program objectives...
June 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679345/considerations-for-developing-chronic-care-system-for-traumatic-brain-injury-based-on-comparisons-of-cancer-survivorship-and-diabetes-management-care
#16
Siobhan M Heiden, Barrett S Caldwell
Experts in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation recently proposed the framing of TBI as a chronic disease rather than a discrete event. Within the framework of the Chronic Care Model (CCM), a systematic comparison of three diseases - cancer survivorship, diabetes management, and TBI chronic care - was conducted regarding chronic needs and the management of those needs. In addition, comparisons of these conditions require comparative evaluations of disease management characteristics and the survivor concept...
July 6, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677091/does-topical-hemostatic-agent-floseal-%C3%A2-have-a-long-term-adverse-effect-on-erectile-function-recovery-after-nerve-sparing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#17
Eugenio Martorana, Bernardo Rocco, Shaniko Kaleci, Giacomo Maria Pirola, Luigi Bevilacqua, Luca Reggiani Bonetti, Stefano Puliatti, Salvatore Micali, Giampaolo Bianchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the long-term effects of Floseal(®) on erectile function recovery (EFR) after nerve-sparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP). METHODS: We prospectively collected results of the self-administered International Index Erectile Function Questionnaire 1-5 and 15 (IIEF 1-5 and 15) of 532 consecutive patients who underwent RALP for prostate cancer in our institution between October 2007 and December 2015. Patients were divided into two groups according to Floseal(®) application after prostatectomy...
July 4, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673937/exercise-protects-from-cancer-through-regulation-of-immune-function-and-inflammation
#18
REVIEW
Pernille Hojman
Exercise training has been extensively studied in cancer settings as part of prevention or rehabilitation strategies, yet emerging evidence suggests that exercise training can also directly affect tumor-specific outcomes. The underlying mechanisms for this exercise-dependent cancer protection are just starting to be elucidated. To this end, evasion of immune surveillance and tumor-associated inflammation are established as hallmarks of cancer, and exercise may target cancer incidence and progression through regulation of these mechanisms...
July 3, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668461/lateral-cervical-approach-for-supracricoid-partial-laryngectomy
#19
Giuseppe Spriano, Giuseppe Mercante, Giovanni Cristalli, Raul Pellini, Fabio Ferreli
INTRODUCTION: The supracricoid partial laryngectomy has been described for the treatment of T3 laryngeal glottic and supraglottic tumors as well as upfront and salvage surgery. Good oncological and functional outcomes are expected, while the post-operative rehabilitation can be quite difficult for the patient. Early and late complications can occur especially in salvage surgery. Neck dissection according to the T stage is often associated with the resection of the primary tumor. OBJECTIVE: To verify the feasibility of a minimally invasive procedure for supracricoid partial laryngectomy by adopting the lateral cervical approach...
June 27, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667524/low-evaluation-rate-for-osteoporosis-among-patients-presenting-with-a-rib-fracture
#20
Whang Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Seung Hoo Lee, Jin Woo Park, Kahyun Kim, Goo Hyun Baek
This study in a regional hospital setting found a low evaluation rate for osteoporosis among patients presenting with a rib fracture. Increased emphasis or education for osteoporosis evaluation may be necessary in case of rib fractures. INTRODUCTION: Rib fractures from a low-energy trauma are common in the elderly, and a history of rib fracture has been reported to increase the risk for a subsequent osteoporotic fracture. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how many of the patients presenting with an isolated rib fracture were being evaluated for osteoporosis and the risk for a subsequent fracture...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
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