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Mycophenolate asthma

Alexei Gonzalez-Estrada, Stephen A Geraci
Allergic diseases are common in women of childbearing age. Both asthma and atopic conditions may worsen, improve or remain the same during pregnancy. Primary care physicians commonly encounter women receiving multiple medications for pre-existing atopic conditions, who then become pregnant and require medication changes to avoid potential fetal injury or congenital malformations. Each medication should be evaluated; intranasal and inhaled steroids are relatively safe to continue during pregnancy (budesonide is the drug of choice), second-generation antihistamines of choice are cetirizine and loratadine, leukotriene receptor antagonists are safe, sparing use of oral decongestants during the first trimester and omalizumab may be used for both uncontrolled asthma and for antihistamine-resistant urticaria...
September 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Antonino Tuttolomondo, Irene Simonetta, Domenico Di Raimondo, Roberta Conigliaro, Francesca Corpora, Valerio Vassallo, Antonio Pinto
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a rare, clinical and pathologic disease entity of unknown etiology. Its main features are increased serum concentrations of IgG4 > 1,35 g/l, lymphocyte and IgG4+plasma-cell infiltration within tissues, fibrosis or sclerosis. The classical presentation of IgG4-RSD is pancreatitis which is combined with the involvement of biliary ducts in 74 percent of patients. Extrapancreatic manifestations include: abdominal or mediastinal lymphadenopathy; the involvement of salivary glands and lacrimal glands, kidneys, lung, retroperitoneum...
May 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Line Kibsgaard, Anna Cecile Lefevre, Mette Deleuran, Christian Vestergaard
BACKGROUND: Chronic spontaneous urticaria is a debilitating disease for the patients and often considered by the doctors a very difficult disease to treat. In 2009 the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology/Global Allergy and Asthma European network/European Dermatology Forum/World Allergy Organization (EAACI/GA(2)LEN/EDF/WAO) published a revised version of the guidelines for the treatment of urticaria which included an algorithm for the treatment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the clinical effect and the practical use of the algorithm...
February 2014: Annals of Dermatology
E Iglesias, M Camacho Lovillo, I Delgado Pecellín, M J Lirola Cruz, M D Falcón Neyra, J C Salazar Quero, J Bernabeu-Wittel, J P González Valencia, O Neth
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is an anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis; it is extremely rare in childhood and defined according to the Chapel-Hill Consensus as an eosinophil-rich and granulomatous inflammation involving the respiratory tract and necrotizing vasculitis affecting small to medium-sized vessels. Children commonly have a history of asthma and sinusitis whilst clinical presentation typically involves pulmonary tract and less frequently skin, heart, gastrointestinal tract, and peripheral nerves...
March 2014: Pediatric Pulmonology
Sally E Wenzel, Catherine A Vitari, Manisha Shende, Diane C Strollo, Allyson Larkin, Samuel A Yousem
RATIONALE: Severe asthma represents 5-10% of all asthma, yet remains problematic and poorly understood. Although it is increasingly recognized as consisting of numerous heterogenous phenotypes, their immunopathology, particularly in the distal airways and interstitium, remains poorly described. OBJECTIVES: To identify the pathobiology of atypical difficult asthma. METHODS: We report 10 from a total of 19 patients (17 women and 2 men) meeting asthma and severe asthma definitions, requiring daily systemic corticosteroid (CS) use, with inconsistent abnormalities on chest computed tomography scans, who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic biopsies for further diagnosis and management...
September 15, 2012: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Edmund M T Lau, Wendy Cooper, Peter T Bye, Kwok Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2011: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
Hui Mao, Xue Rong Chen, Qun Yi, Su Yun Li, Zeng Li Wang, Fu-Yu Li
The bone marrow eosinophilopoiesis makes a major contribution to the chronic airway inflammation in asthmatic animals and patients. Some anti-asthmatic medicines alleviated the asthmatic airway inflammation by inhibiting the bone marrow eosinophilopoiesis. Immunosuppressive agents have been commonly used in patients with glucocorticoid refractory asthma and have been proved to be effective. However, the research on the effect of the immunosuppressive agents on the bone marrow eosinophilopoiesis has seldom been reported...
July 2008: International Immunopharmacology
Leposava Grbović, Miroslav Radenković
Pharmacotherapy of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is complex. Apart from the replacement hormone therapy, antithyroid agents, beta adrenoceptor blockers and other drugs, in regard to the present symptoms, it also includes the administration of glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive agents. Physiological actions of glucocorticoids are significant in number, well known and described in details. The most prominent pharmacological properties of glucocorticoids, that are important fortheir clinical use, are antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive actions...
October 2005: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
J C Waldrep
In the lung, unchecked immune responses mediated predominantly by T-lymphocytes and concurrent inflammation can lead to the development of different pathological conditions such as parenchymal disease, interstitial fibrosis, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, bronchiolitis obliterans and bronchiolar asthma. Targeted modulation of uncontrolled T-cell activation and inhibition of cytokine production within different pulmonary compartments is the challenge for the development of novel methods for immunotherapeutic intervention...
June 1998: Drugs of Today
Chris J Corrigan
Asthma is orchestrated by cytokine products of activated T cells. Glucocorticoids are thought to ameliorate asthma at least partly through T cell inhibition. Consequently, other T cell immunomodulatory agents have been assessed for asthma therapy. Since these agents may have serious unwanted effects, attention has been focused on patients with severe asthma refractory to maximal topical, and additional systemic glucocorticoid therapy. Although gold salts show a modest but significant glucocorticoid-sparing effect in severe asthma, lung function is not improved and not all patients respond...
2002: American Journal of Respiratory Medicine: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
N Powell, S Till, J Bungre, C Corrigan
We have used an optimized, physiologically relevant in vitro assay system to show that in a concentration-dependent fashion the immunomodulatory drugs cyclosporin A, mycophenolate mofetil, and sirolimus (rapamycin), as well as the glucocorticoid dexamethasone, inhibit allergen-driven T-cell proliferation and IL-5 production in PBMCs from allergen-sensitized atopic asthmatic individuals at physiologic concentrations. This effect of cyclosporin A might at least partially account for its established clinical efficacy in sparing systemic glucocorticoid therapy while improving lung function in chronic, severe, glucocorticoid-dependent asthma...
December 2001: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
O M Kon, A B Kay
Chronic asthma is characterised by inflammation of the airways. Although corticosteroids are effective therapy, the risk benefit ratio is unacceptable in a minority of patients requiring chronic and high dose corticosteroid therapy because of adverse effects. There is accumulating circumstantial evidence that the CD4+ T-cell plays a central role in the pathogenesis of chronic asthma. Therapeutic strategies directed specifically at this cell type may offer a novel approach. Controlled clinical trials of cyclosporin A were effective in both chronic asthma and in a model of provoked asthma...
October 1999: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
C J Corrigan, J K Bungre, B Assoufi, A E Cooper, H Seddon, A B Kay
We have previously shown that T-lymphocytes from clinically glucocorticoid (GC) resistant asthmatics are more refractory to dexamethasone suppression in vitro than those of GC sensitive asthmatics. We wished to extend these observations to compare three GCs used topically for asthma therapy (budesonide, beclomethasone dipropionate and fluticasone 17 alpha-propionate) and three immunosuppressive drugs (cyclosporin A, FK506 (tacrolimus) and mycophenolate mofetil) with dexamethasone for their antiproliferative effects on T-lymphocytes from GC sensitive and resistant asthmatics, and also to compare the rates of steroid metabolism by T-lymphocytes from these patients...
October 1996: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
P J Barnes
There is increasing evidence that chronic inflammation in asthma is mediated via a network of cytokines emanating from inflammatory and structural cells in the airways. The prominent eosinophilic inflammation that characterizes asthma appears to be orchestrated by cytokines derived from type 2 T-helper (Th2)-like lymphocytes, suggesting that immunosuppressants might be beneficial in the control of asthma. Indeed, one of the critical modes of action of glucocorticoids in controlling asthma may be the suppression of Th2-lymphocyte-derived cytokines, such as interleukin-5 (IL-5)...
August 1996: European Respiratory Journal. Supplement
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