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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329548/the-cost-of-a-pediatric-neurocritical-care-program-for-traumatic-brain-injury-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Steven W Howard, Zidong Zhang, Paula Buchanan, Stephanie L Bernell, Christine Williams, Lindsey Pearson, Michael Huetsch, Jeff Gill, Jose A Pineda
BACKGROUND: Inpatient care for children with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) is expensive, with inpatient charges averaging over $70,000 per case (Hospital Inpatient, Children Only, National Statistics. Diagnoses- clinical classification software (CCS) principal diagnosis category 85 coma, stupor, and brain damage, and 233 intracranial injury. Diagnoses by Aggregate charges [ https://hcupnet.ahrq.gov/#setup ]). This ranks sTBI in the top quartile of pediatric conditions with the greatest inpatient costs (Hospital Inpatient, Children Only, National Statistics...
January 12, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304317/strategies-to-improve-management-of-shoulder-dystocia-under-the-ahrq-safety-program-for-perinatal-care
#2
Jill McArdle, Asta Sorensen, Christina I Fowler, Samantha Sommerness, Katrina Burson, Leila Kahwati
OBJECTIVE: To assess implementation of safety strategies to improve management of births complicated by shoulder dystocia in labor and delivery units. DESIGN: Mixed-methods implementation evaluation. SETTING/LOCAL PROBLEM: Labor and delivery units (N = 18) in 10 states participating in the Safety Program for Perinatal Care (SPPC). Shoulder dystocia is unpredictable, requiring rapid and coordinated action. PARTICIPANTS: Key informants were labor and delivery unit staff who implemented SPPC safety strategies...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290243/promising-practices-for-improving-hospital-patient-safety-culture
#3
Joanne Campione, Theresa Famolaro
BACKGROUND: Patient safety culture has a positive influence on the effectiveness of patient safety and quality improvement interventions. A study was conducted to gain knowledge about promising best practices used by hospitals to improve patient safety culture hospitalwide. METHODS: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Surveys on Patient Safety Culture™ (SOPS) Hospital Survey longitudinal results from 536 hospitals that submitted data to the Hospital SOPS database from 2007 to 2014 were analyzed...
January 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275975/daily-review-of-ahrq-patient-safety-indicators-has-important-impact-on-value-based-purchasing-reimbursement-and-performance-scores
#4
Michelle C Nguyen, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Anne Van Buren, Iahn Gonsenhauser, Daniel S Eiferman
BACKGROUND: The Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) Composite (PSI 90) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality has been found to have low positive predictive values. Because scores can affect hospital reimbursement and ranking, our institution designed a review process to ensure accurate data and incur minimal penalties under the Hospital Value-Based Purchasing Program. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team was assembled to review PSI 90 within a performance period...
December 21, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258525/advancing-perinatal-patient-safety-through-application-of-safety-science-principles-using-health-it
#5
Jennifer Webb, Asta Sorensen, Samantha Sommerness, Beth Lasater, Kamila Mistry, Leila Kahwati
BACKGROUND: The use of health information technology (IT) has been shown to promote patient safety in Labor and Delivery (L&D) units. The use of health IT to apply safety science principles (e.g., standardization) to L&D unit processes may further advance perinatal safety. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with L&D units participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ's) Safety Program for Perinatal Care (SPPC) to assess units' experience with program implementation...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206640/trends-in-30-day-readmission-rates-after-copd-hospitalization-2006-2012
#6
Tadahiro Goto, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Koichiro Gibo, Sengwee Toh, Nicola A Hanania, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Reduction in 30-day readmission rate after chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related hospitalization is a national objective. However, little is known about trends in readmission rates in recent years, particularly in priority populations defined by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)(e.g., the elderly, women, racial/ethnic minorities, low-income and rural populations, and populations with chronic illnesses). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the State Inpatient Database of eight geographically-dispersed US states (Arkansas, California, Florida, Iowa, Nebraska, New York, Utah, and Washington) from 2006 through 2012...
September 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202782/studying-de-implementation-in-health-an-analysis-of-funded-research-grants
#7
Wynne E Norton, Amy E Kennedy, David A Chambers
BACKGROUND: Studying de-implementation-defined herein as reducing or stopping the use of a health service or practice provided to patients by healthcare practitioners and systems-has gained traction in recent years. De-implementing ineffective, unproven, harmful, overused, inappropriate, and/or low-value health services and practices is important for mitigating patient harm, improving processes of care, and reducing healthcare costs. A better understanding of the state-of-the-science is needed to guide future objectives and funding initiatives...
December 4, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183077/adherence-to-methodological-standards-in-research-using-the-national-inpatient-sample
#8
Rohan Khera, Suveen Angraal, Tyler Couch, John W Welsh, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Saket Girotra, Paul S Chan, Harlan M Krumholz
Importance: Publicly available data sets hold much potential, but their unique design may require specific analytic approaches. Objective: To determine adherence to appropriate research practices for a frequently used large public database, the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Design, Setting, and Participants: In this observational study of the 1082 studies published using the NIS from January 2015 through December 2016, a representative sample of 120 studies was systematically evaluated for adherence to practices required by AHRQ for the design and conduct of research using the NIS...
November 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174836/accuracy-and-reliability-of-emergency-department-triage-using-the-emergency-severity-index-an%C3%A2-international-multicenter-assessment
#9
Binoy Mistry, Sarah Stewart De Ramirez, Gabor Kelen, Paulo S K Schmitz, Kamna S Balhara, Scott Levin, Diego Martinez, Kevin Psoter, Xavier Anton, Jeremiah S Hinson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We assess accuracy and variability of triage score assignment by emergency department (ED) nurses using the Emergency Severity Index (ESI) in 3 countries. In accordance with previous reports and clinical observation, we hypothesize low accuracy and high variability across all sites. METHODS: This cross-sectional multicenter study enrolled 87 ESI-trained nurses from EDs in Brazil, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States. Standardized triage scenarios published by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) were used...
November 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173236/attributable-cost-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Preeti Mehrotra, Jisun Jang, Courtney Gidengil, Thomas J Sandora
OBJECTIVES The attributable cost of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in children is unknown. We sought to determine a national estimate of attributable cost and length of stay (LOS) of CDI occurring during hospitalization in children. DESIGN AND METHODS We analyzed discharge records of patients between 2 and 18 years of age from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Kids' Inpatient Database. We created a logistic regression model to predict CDI during hospitalization based on demographic and clinical characteristics...
November 27, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172975/a-systematic-review-of-u-s-biosimilar-approvals-what-evidence-does-the-fda-require-and-how-are-manufacturers-responding
#11
Anna Hung, Quyen Vu, Lisa Mostovoy
BACKGROUND: Biosimilars undergo an abbreviated licensure pathway called 351(k), which was created by the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act of 2009. This approval process is different from the 351(a) pathway for original biologic approval and, as of August 2017, has been used to approve 5 biosimilars in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To identify the types and quantities of evidence required by the FDA for biosimilar approval and the corresponding evidence manufacturers have provided in their 351(k) biosimilar approval applications...
December 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162130/toward-a-comprehensive-evidence-map-of-overview-of-systematic-review-methods-paper-1-purpose-eligibility-search-and-data-extraction
#12
Carole Lunny, Sue E Brennan, Steve McDonald, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Overviews of systematic reviews attempt to systematically retrieve and summarise the results of multiple systematic reviews. Methods for conducting, interpreting and reporting overviews are in their infancy. To date, there has been no evidence map of the methods used in overviews, thus making it difficult to determine the gaps and priorities for methods research. Our objectives were to develop and populate a comprehensive framework of methods for conducting, interpreting and reporting overviews (stage I) and to create an evidence map by mapping studies that have evaluated overview methods to the framework (stage II)...
November 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155982/economic-and-survival-burden-of-dysphagia-among-inpatients-in-the-united-states
#13
D A Patel, S Krishnaswami, E Steger, E Conover, M F Vaezi, M R Ciucci, D O Francis
The inpatient burden of dysphagia has primarily been evaluated in patients with stroke. It is unclear whether dysphagia, irrespective of cause, is associated with worse clinical outcomes and higher costs compared to inpatients with similar demographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics without dysphagia. The aim of this study is to assess how a dysphagia diagnosis affects length of hospital stay (LOS), costs, discharge disposition, and in-hospital mortality among adult US inpatients. Annual and overall dysphagia prevalence, LOS, hospital charges, inpatient care costs, discharge disposition, and in-hospital mortality were measured using the AHRQ Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (2009-2013)...
November 16, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128995/a-systematic-review-of-dietary-interventions-for-gestational-weight-gain-and-gestational-diabetes-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#14
REVIEW
Reeta Lamminpää, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Ursula Schwab
PURPOSE: The number of overweight and obese women is increasing in the obstetric population. The aim of this study was to review studies that reported results related to the efficacy of dietary interventions on gestational weight gain (GWG) or the prevention of gestational diabetes (GDM) in overweight and obese women. METHODS: The search was performed using the CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus and Medic electronic databases and limited to the years between 2000 and March 2016...
November 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112026/nursing-home-patient-safety-culture-perceptions-among-us-and-immigrant-nurses
#15
Laura M Wagner, Barbara L Brush, Nicholas G Castle, John B Engberg, Elizabeth A Capezuti
Patient safety is a global concern, yet little is known about how and whether perceptions of patient safety culture (PSC) vary by nurses' countries of origin and preparation. This is particularly important in American nursing homes (NHs), which are increasingly hiring non-US born and prepared nurses to fill staffing needs. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the PSC perceptions of foreign and domestic born and trained nurses working in urban NHs in 5 states to analyze how nurses' PSC perceptions corresponded to their personal and professional characteristics...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112024/evaluation-of-patient-safety-culture-in-community-pharmacies
#16
Ephrem A Aboneh, Jamie A Stone, Corey A Lester, Michelle A Chui
OBJECTIVE: Medication errors are common in community pharmacies. Safety culture is considered a factor for medication safety but has not been measured in this setting. The objectives of this study were to describe safety culture measured using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Community Pharmacy Survey on Patient Safety Culture and to assess predictors of overall patient safety. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey of community pharmacists practicing in Wisconsin measuring safety culture...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094872/ahrq-s-tools-for-better-practice-helping-family-physicians-manage-today-s-challenges
#17
Theodore G Ganiats, Arlene S Bierman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053070/relationship-between-patient-safety-indicator-events-and-comprehensive-stroke-center-volume-status-in-the-treatment-of-unruptured-cerebral-aneurysms
#18
Chad W Washington, L Ian Taylor, Robert J Dambrino, Paul R Clark, Gregory J Zipfel
OBJECTIVE The Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) has defined Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) for assessments in quality of inpatient care. The hypothesis of this study is that, in the treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms (UCAs), PSI events are less likely to occur in hospitals meeting the volume thresholds defined by The Joint Commission for Comprehensive Stroke Center (CSC) certification. METHODS Using the 2002-2011 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample, patients treated electively for a nonruptured cerebral aneurysm were selected...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052427/the-joint-ispor-ispe-special-task-force-on-real-world-evidence-in-health-care-decision-making-an-interview-with-marc-berger
#19
Marc L Berger
Marc L Berger, MD, is a retired, part-time consultant. He recently became Chair of the Real World Evidence Advisory Board for SHYFT Analytics. Over a 25-year industry career, Marc has held senior-level positions at Pfizer, Inc., OptumInsight, Eli Lilly and Company, and Merck & Co., Inc. His professional activities have included serving on committees for Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR), Drug Information Association (DIA), and the editorial advisory boards of several journals...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994106/safety-culture-and-mortality-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-study-of-medicare-beneficiaries-at-171-hospitals
#20
David M Shahian, Xiu Liu, Laura P Rossi, Elizabeth A Mort, Sharon-Lise T Normand
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between hospital safety culture and 30-day risk-adjusted mortality for Medicare patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a large, diverse hospital cohort. SUBJECTS: The final analytic cohort consisted of 19,357 Medicare AMI discharges (MedPAR data) linked to 257 AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture surveys from 171 hospitals between 2008 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: Observational, cross-sectional study using hierarchical logistic models to estimate the association between hospital safety scores and 30-day risk-adjusted patient mortality...
October 9, 2017: Health Services Research
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