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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346061/understanding-the-contamination-of-food-with-mineral-oil-the-need-for-a-confirmatory-analytical-and-procedural-approach
#1
Lionel W Spack, Gabriela Leszczyk, Jesus Varela, Hervé Simian, Thomas Gude, Richard H Stadler
The contamination of food by mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH) found in packaging is a long running concern. A main source of MOH in foods is the migration of mineral oil from recycled board into the packed food products. Consequently, the majority of food manufacturers have taken protective measures, for example by using virgin board instead of recycled fibers, and where feasible, introducing functional barriers to mitigate migration. Despite these protective measures, MOH may still be observed at low amounts in certain food products, albeit due to different entry points across the food supply chain...
March 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342745/culture-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-from-the-nasopharynx-not-all-media-are-equal
#2
Tegan M Harris, Angela Rumaseb, Jemima Beissbarth, Federica Barzi, Amanda J Leach, Heidi C Smith-Vaughan
The efficacy of chocolate agar, versus bacitracin, vancomycin, clindamycin, chocolate agar (BVCCA) for the isolation of non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) from nasopharyngeal swabs was determined. BVCCA cultured NTHi from 97.3% of NTHi-positive swabs, compared to 87.1% for chocolate agar. To maximise culture sensitivity, the use of both media is recommended.
March 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340315/systematic-behavioural-observation-of-executive-performance-after-brain-injury
#3
Mark W Lewis, Duncan R Babbage, Janet M Leathem
OBJECTIVE: To develop an ecologically valid measure of executive functioning (i.e. Planning and Organization, Executive Memory, Initiation, Cognitive Shifting, Impulsivity, Sustained and Directed Attention, Error Detection, Error Correction and Time Management) during a functional chocolate brownie cooking task. METHODS: In Study 1, the inter-rater reliability of a novel behavioural observation assessment method was assessed with 10 people with traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#4
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331253/content-of-food-advertising-for-young-adolescents-on-television
#5
Setu Gupta, Swati Kalra, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Food related advertisements on television may have a major influence on the dietary habits and obesity among young adolescents. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency and typology of food advertisements on most popular television channels, watched by school-going young adolescents in Delhi. METHODOLOGY: Biphasic study to (a) identify the three television channels most frequently watched by administering a questionnaire to 400 school going young adolescents; and (b) view each of these channels for 2 hours per day for 6 days each, and observe the content of advertisements related to foods, beverages, and food outlets...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324761/chocolate-consumption-and-risk-of-stroke-among-men-and-women-a-large-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Jia-Yi Dong, Hiroyasu Iso, Kazumasa Yamagishi, Norie Sawada, Shoichiro Tsugane
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chocolate consumption may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular health, but evidence from prospective cohort studies is still limited. We aimed to examine the prospective associations between chocolate consumption and risk of stroke among men and women in a large population-based cohort. METHODS: A total of 38,182 men and 46,415 women aged 44-76 years, and free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer at baseline in 1995 and 1998, were followed up until the end of 2009 and 2010, respectively...
March 4, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322456/seasonality-of-auricular-amputations-in-rabbits
#7
Kathleen Yaremchuk, Vigen Darian, Amy M Williams
This retrospective observational analysis hypothesizes that an increase occurs in online reports and images of auricular amputations of confectionary rabbits during the spring. Using the online search engine Google, online content and visual portrayals of confectionary rabbit auricular amputations from 2012 to 2017 were identified and trended against seasonal variations. To determine incidence, commercial availability of chocolate rabbits in retail facilities were assayed. A statistically significant increase in mention of rabbit auricular amputations occurred during the spring...
April 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317743/synthesis-of-1-3-distearoyl-2-oleoylglycerol-by-enzymatic-acidolysis-in-a-solvent-free-system
#8
Xiaosan Wang, Yang Chen, Liyou Zheng, Qingzhe Jin, Xingguo Wang
1,3-Distearoyl-2-oleoylglycerol (SOS) is widely used as a cocoa butter improver and an anti-blooming agent in the chocolate industry. In this study, an effective process was developed to prepare SOS by enzymatic acidolysis. Under optimal reaction conditions (substrate molar ratio of 12, NS40086 loading of 10%, a solvent-free system, 75°C for 4h), a SOS yield of 70.2% was obtained. Subsequently, two-step purification was applied to purify the crude SOS product. Free fatty acids were completely removed after molecular distillation...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315420/eating-behaviour-is-associated-with-eating-frequency-and-food-consumption-in-6-8-year-old-children-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#9
H Jalkanen, V Lindi, U Schwab, S Kiiskinen, T Venäläinen, L Karhunen, T A Lakka, A M Eloranta
The association between eating behaviour and dietary factors has been studied narrowly in children. Therefore, we investigated whether eating frequency and food consumption are influenced by eating behaviour in a population sample of 406 children aged 6-8 years. We assessed features of eating behaviour by the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire and dietary factors by a 4-day food record. The results showed that enjoyment of food was directly associated with a number of main meals (p = 0.041) and consumption of vegetables (p = 0...
March 15, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314639/acute-dark-chocolate-ingestion-is-beneficial-for-hemodynamics-via-enhancement-of-erythrocyte-deformability-in-healthy-humans
#10
Jana Radosinska, Martina Horvathova, Karel Frimmel, Jana Muchova, Maria Vidosovicova, Rastislav Vazan, Iveta Bernatova
Erythrocyte deformability is an important property of erythrocytes that considerably affects blood flow and hemodynamics. The high content of polyphenols present in dark chocolate has been reported to play a protective role in functionality of erythrocytes. We hypothesized that chocolate might influence erythrocytes not only after repeated chronic intake, but also immediately after its ingestion. Thus, we determined the acute effect of dark chocolate and milk (with lower content of biologically active substances) chocolate intake on erythrocyte deformability...
March 7, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304196/a-limited-survey-of-dark-chocolate-bars-obtained-in-the-united-states-for-undeclared-milk-and-peanut-allergens
#11
Binaifer Bedford, Ye Yu, Xue Wang, Eric A E Garber, Lauren S Jackson
Undeclared allergens in chocolate products have been responsible for numerous allergen-related recalls in the United States. A survey was conducted to determine the prevalence of undeclared milk and peanut in 88 and 78 dark chocolate bars, respectively. Concentrations of milk (as nonfat dry milk) or peanut in three samples of each chocolate product were determined with two milk- or peanut-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. In 75% of the chocolate bar products with a milk advisory statement, milk concentrations were above the limit of quantitation (2...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298863/scleral-buckle-infection-by-serratia-species
#12
Ramesh Venkatesh, Manisha Agarwal, Shalini Singh, Rahul Mayor, Aditya Bansal
We describe a rare case of scleral buckle (SB) infection with Serratia species. A 48-year-old male with a history of retinal detachment repair with scleral buckling presented with redness, pain, and purulent discharge in the left eye for 4 days. Conjunctival erosion with exposure of the SB and scleral thinning was noted. The SB was removed and sent for culture. Blood and chocolate agar grew Gram-negative rod-shaped bacillus identified as Serratia marcescens. On the basis of the susceptibility test results, the patient was treated with oral and topical antibiotics...
January 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294348/dietary-exposure-to-acrylamide-from-cafeteria-foods-in-jeddah-schools-and-associated-risk-assessment
#13
Mahmoud M Eltawila, Ahmed M Al-Ansari, Amani A Alrasheedi, Abdulateef A Neamatallah
BACKGROUND: Acrylamide (AA) is a carcinogenic and genotoxic food contaminant produced at high temperatures in foods that are rich in carbohydrates. Foods sold in schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, are among such carbohydrate-rich foods produced at high cooking temperatures. It is crucial to determine the importance of AA exposure due to cafeteria foods and to assess the associated risks. RESULTS: The highest mean AA level was measured in chocolate pies (439 µg kg (-1) ), followed by custard pies (435 µg kg (-1) ) and cheese pies (432 µg kg (-1) )...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294331/context-dependent-extinction-of-an-appetitive-operant-conditioned-response-in-infant-rats
#14
Estefanía Orellana Barrera, Carlos Arias, Felisa González, Paula Abate
The present study evaluated context-dependent learning under an operant conditioning procedure in infant rats. Preweanling rats were trained in context A during postnatal days (PDs) 16 and 17 to learn an appetitive operant conditioning task, employing milk chocolate as appetitive reinforcer. On PD18 the operant response was extinguished in context A, or in an alternative context B. The change from context A to B between acquisition and extinction did not affect the number of responses during extinction, but slightly modified the shape of the extinction curve...
March 13, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290360/children-and-adolescents-attitudes-towards-sugar-reduction-in-dairy-products
#15
Hye-Jong Yoo, Leandro Machín, Alejandra Arrúa, Lucía Antúnez, Leticia Vidal, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Gastón Ares
The development of strategies to reduce sugar intake of children and adolescents has been deemed necessary to cope with the global obesity epidemic. In this context, the aims of the present work were to study attitudes towards sugar reduction in three dairy products of children and adolescents of two income levels and to assess if these attitudes were modulated by the inclusion of the traffic light system on labels. A total of 646 children and adolescents from three primary/secondary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290278/comparison-of-response-formats-and-concurrent-hedonic-measures-for-optimal-use-of-the-emosensory%C3%A2-wheel
#16
Joachim J Schouteten, Xavier Gellynck, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Benedikt Sas, Wender L P Bredie, Federico J A Perez-Cueto, Hans De Steur
The study of emotional and sensory profiling with food products is gaining momentum in the field of sensory research. These methods can be applied in order to obtain a broader consumer perspective on product performance beyond traditional hedonic measurements (Jiang, King, & Prinyawiwatkul, 2014; Varela & Ares, 2012). The EmoSensory® Wheel, a recently introduced method which combines emotional and sensory assessment in a wheel questionnaire format is one example of conducting such a task in a consumer-friendly way...
March 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288289/effect-of-children-s-drinks-on-color-stability-of-different-dental-composites-an-in-vitro-study
#17
Ahmed Nour El-Din Ahmed Habib, Soad Abdelmoniem Abdelmoniem, Sara Ahmed Mahmoud
AIM: To assess the effect of four different children's drinks on color stability of resin dental composites. STUDY DESIGN: A total of one hundred and twenty specimens were prepared from Grandio SO, Filtek Z350 XT and Filtek Z250 XT (forty specimens each). Specimens were thermocycled, then each group was further subdivided into four subgroups (n=10) according to the immersion media which were chocolate milk, mango juice, orange fizzy drink, and water (control). The initial color parameters of each specimen were recorded before immersion (baseline) and color change values were recorded three and seven days after immersion in each solution using a digital spectrophotometer...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283313/risk-factors-associated-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-relapse-in-primary-care-patients-successfully-treated-with-a-proton-pump-inhibitor
#18
A López-Colombo, M S Pacio-Quiterio, L Y Jesús-Mejenes, J E G Rodríguez-Aguilar, M López-Guevara, A J Montiel-Jarquín, J C López-Alvarenga, E R Morales-Hernández, V R Ortiz-Juárez, L Ávila-Jiménez
BACKGROUND: There are no studies on the factors associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) relapse in primary care patients. AIM: To identify the risk factors associated with GERD relapse in primary care patients that responded adequately to short-term treatment with a proton pump inhibitor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort study was conducted that included GERD incident cases. The patients received treatment with omeprazole for 4 weeks...
March 7, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280293/cervicovaginal-bacteriology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-patterns-among-women-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-in-mulago-hospital-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Milton W Musaba, Mike N Kagawa, Charles Kiggundu, Paul Kiondo, Julius Wandabwa
Background. A 2013 Cochrane review concluded that the choice of antibiotics for prophylaxis in PROM is not clear. In Uganda, a combination of oral erythromycin and amoxicillin is the 1st line for prophylaxis against ascending infection. Our aim was to establish the current cervicovaginal bacteriology and antibiotic sensitivity patterns. Methods. Liquor was collected aseptically from the endocervical canal and pool in the posterior fornix of the vagina using a pipette. Aerobic cultures were performed on blood, chocolate, and MacConkey agar and incubated at 35-37°C for 24-48 hrs...
2017: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277338/endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-arising-in-a-paratubal-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Catherine Chang, Koji Matsuo, Paulette Mhawech-Fauceglia
A 56-year-old G3P3 postmenopausal woman presented with a 5 month history of abnormal uterine bleeding and pelvic pain. A computed tomographic scan revealed a 5 cm right adnexal cystic mass in addition to a thickened, heterogenous endometrium and leiomyomatous uterus. A total laparascopic hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with omental and peritoneal biopsy were performed. Gross examination revealed a 12 week size uterus with small fibroids, normal bilateral atrophic ovaries, and a right paratubal cyst...
March 2017: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
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