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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209463/eating-patterns-of-children-s-favorite-foods-and-its-related-factors-among-elementary-middle-and-high-school-students-in-korea
#1
YuJin Lee, Seungmin Lee, KyoungAe Lee, Kyung-Hea Lee, Inkyung Baik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are limited studies investigating the eating patterns of children's favorite foods. The present study aimed to evaluate a wide range of children's favorite foods, derive its eating patterns, and identify factors related to the patterns. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional study included 5,458 students in elementary, middle, and high schools. The survey was conducted at each school to evaluate children's favorite food intake, including the intake frequency of 31 food items or food groups, and its related factors, such as demographic, economic, and environmental characteristics and awareness of policies on children's favorite foods...
December 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209353/colombia-a-source-of-cacao-genetic-diversity-as-revealed-by-the-population-structure-analysis-of-germplasm-bank-of-theobroma-cacao-l
#2
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon Berdugo-Cely, Roberto Antonio Coronado, Yeny Patricia Zapata, Constanza Quintero, Gerardo Gallego-Sánchez, Roxana Yockteng
Beans of the species Theobroma cacao L., also known as cacao, are the raw material to produce chocolate. Colombian cacao has been classified as a fine flavor cacao that represents the 5% of cacao world's production. Colombian genetic resources from this species are conserved in ex situ and in-field germplasm banks, since T. cacao has recalcitrant seeds to desication and long-term storage. Currently, the collection of T. cacao of the Colombian Corporation of Agricultural Research (CORPOICA) has approximately 700 germplasm accessions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207513/methylxanthine-content-in-commonly-consumed-foods-in-spain-and-determination-of-its-intake-during-consumption
#3
Juan M Sanchez
Methylxanthines present psychostimulant effects. These compounds have low toxicity and their consumption at moderate levels presents some beneficial health effects, whereas some significant risk appears at high levels. Samples of common types of methylxanthine-containing beverages and foods consumed in Spain were analyzed to determine their content. Caffeine was the methylxanthine that was most found in the samples investigated. Instant coffees gave the highest caffeine percentage (18-44 mg·g-1). Green and scented teas were found to have a caffeine dry-weight content (8-26 mg·g-1) equivalent to ground coffees (13-23 mg·g-1), but black and pu-erh teas (18-30 mg·g-1) had a higher caffeine content...
December 4, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202917/development-and-validation-of-a-quantitative-elisa-for-the-detection-of-almond-residues-in-foods
#4
Ewa Slotwinski, Dave Almy, Ryan Viator, Mohamed Abouzied, Frank Klein, Jennifer Rice
Neogen Corp. has developed Veratox for Almond Allergen for use in the quantitative analysis and screening of almond protein residues in food products, such as cookies, crackers, chocolate bars, cereals, beverages, and clean-in-place rinses. Quantitation with Veratox for Almond Allergen ranges from 2.5 to 25 ppm and, with dilution, it can be extended for highly positive samples. This paper describes the findings of internal testing and validation studies designed to establish product claims for the assay of Veratox for Almond Allergen...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202914/integrating-allergen-analysis-within-a-risk-assessment-framework-approaches-to-development-of-targeted-mass-spectrometry-methods-for-allergen-detection-and-quantification-in-the-ifaam-project
#5
Chiara Nitride, Victoria Lee, Ivona Baricevic-Jones, Karine Adel-Patient, Sabine Baumgartner, E N Clare Mills
Allergen analysis is central to implementing and monitoring food allergen risk assessment and management processes by the food industry, but current methods for the determination of allergens in foods give highly variable results. The European Union-funded "Integrated Approaches to Food Allergen and Allergy Risk Management" (iFAAM) project has been working to address gaps in knowledge regarding food allergen management and analysis, including the development of novel MS and immuno-based allergen determination methods...
December 5, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199495/food-perception-at-lunchtime-does-not-depend-on-the-nutritional-and-perceived-characteristics-of-breakfast
#6
Alice Rosi, Pedro Mena, Francesca Scazzina, Barbara Marino, Olga Danyego, Fabrizio Fasano, Cinzia Di Dio, Lucia Riggio, Furio Brighenti
Breakfast consumption can entail nutritional advantages positively affecting food choices. This study investigated the effect of minor changes in breakfast composition on the perceived attributes of foods, both at breakfast and at lunchtime. Four breakfasts were defined considering nutritional and perceptual factors. Three breakfasts varied just for a single cereal-based chocolate-containing food item, while a control breakfast mimicked fasting conditions. Breakfast perception was assessed before and after consumption...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199165/the-role-of-lifestyle-changes-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-diseases-treatment
#7
Ülkü Dağlı, İsmail Hakkı Kalkan
Lifestyle modification has an important role in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The development of GERD symptoms with various foods shows individual differences. Although there is not enough evidence that certain substances in a diet could lead to GERD symptoms, the literature suggests that there might be a relationship between reflux development and salt, salted foods, chocolate, fatty foods, and fizzy drinks. Because lying on the left side and raising the head of the bed in a supine position reduces the development of nocturnal reflux symptoms, the head should be elevated for patients with reflux symptoms at night, and the patient should lie on the left side...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191475/evaluation-of-bruker-biotyper-and-vitek-ms-for-the-identification-of-candida-tropicalis-on-different-solid-culture-media
#8
He Wang, Ying Li, Xin Fan, Tzong-Shi Chiueh, Ying-Chun Xu, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the Bruker Biotyper matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and Vitek MS systems for identification of genetically-confirmed blood isolates of Candida tropicalis that had been grown on several types of culture media commonly used for primary fungal isolation. METHODS: Isolates included 105 from the National China Hospital Invasive Fungal Surveillance Net program (CHIF-NET) and 120 from National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187388/effects-of-dark-chocolate-and-almonds-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-feeding-trial
#9
Yujin Lee, Claire E Berryman, Sheila G West, C-Y Oliver Chen, Jeffrey B Blumberg, Karen G Lapsley, Amy G Preston, Jennifer A Fleming, Penny M Kris-Etherton
BACKGROUND: Consumption of almonds or dark chocolate and cocoa has favorable effects on markers of coronary heart disease; however, the combined effects have not been evaluated in a well-controlled feeding study. The aim of this study was to examine the individual and combined effects of consumption of dark chocolate and cocoa and almonds on markers of coronary heart disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: A randomized controlled, 4-period, crossover, feeding trial was conducted in overweight and obese individuals aged 30 to 70 years...
November 29, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184558/application-of-genome-wide-association-and-genomic-prediction-for-improvement-of-cacao-productivity-and-resistance-to-black-and-frosty-pod-diseases
#10
J Alberto Romero Navarro, Wilbert Phillips-Mora, Adriana Arciniegas-Leal, Allan Mata-Quirós, Niina Haiminen, Guiliana Mustiga, Donald Livingstone Iii, Harm van Bakel, David N Kuhn, Laxmi Parida, Andrew Kasarskis, Juan C Motamayor
Chocolate is a highly valued and palatable confectionery product. Chocolate is primarily made from the processed seeds of the tree species Theobroma cacao. Cacao cultivation is highly relevant for small-holder farmers throughout the tropics, yet its productivity remains limited by low yields and widespread pathogens. A panel of 148 improved cacao clones was assembled based on productivity and disease resistance, and phenotypic single-tree replicated clonal evaluation was performed for 8 years. Using high-density markers, the diversity of clones was expressed relative to 10 known ancestral cacao populations, and significant effects of ancestry were observed in productivity and disease resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181133/use-of-dark-chocolate-for-diabetic-patients-a-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Syed Raza Shah, Richard Alweis, Najla Issa Najim, Amin Muhammad Dharani, Muhammad Ahmed Jangda, Maira Shahid, Ahmed Nabeel Kazi, Syed Arbab Shah
Dietary changes are a major lifestyle factor that can influence the progression of chronic diseases such as diabetes. Recently, flavanols, a subgroup of plant-derived phytochemicals called flavonoids, have gained increasing attention, due to studies showing an inverse correlation between dietary intake of flavanols and incidence of diabetes. Flavanoids in the cocoa plant may ameliorate insulin resistance by improving endothelial function, altering glucose metabolism, and reducing oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has been proposed as the main culprit for insulin resistance...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180048/proteolytic-and-amylolytic-enzymes-from-a-newly-isolated-bacillus-mojavensis-sa-characterization-and-applications-as-laundry-detergent-additive-and-in-leather-processing
#12
Amal Hammami, Nahed Fakhfakh, Ola Abdelhedi, Moncef Nasri, Ahmed Bayoudh
The present work aims to study the simultaneous production of highly alkaline proteases and thermostable α-amylases by a newly isolated bacterium Bacillus mojavensis SA. The optimum pH and temperature of amylase activity were 9.0 and 55°C, respectively, while those of the proteolytic activity were 12.0 and 60°C, respectively. Both α-amylase and protease enzymes showed a high stability towards a wide range of pH and temperature. Furthermore, SA crude enzymes were relatively stable towards non-ionic (Tween 20, Tween 80 and Triton X-100) and anionic (SDS) surfactants, as well as oxidizing agents...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169644/liquid-chromatography-coupled-to-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-detecting-ten-allergens-in-complex-and-incurred-foodstuffs
#13
M Planque, T Arnould, M Dieu, P Delahaut, P Renard, N Gillard
Food allergy is a considerable heath problem, as undesirable contaminations by allergens during food production are still widespread and may be dangerous for human health. To protect the population, laboratories need to develop reliable analytical methods in order to detect allergens in various food products. Currently, a large majority of allergen-related food recalls concern bakery products. It is therefore essential to detect allergens in unprocessed and processed foodstuffs. In this study, we developed a method for detecting ten allergens in complex (chocolate, ice cream) and processed (cookie, sauce) foodstuffs, based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168780/factors-associated-with-dental-caries-in-primary-dentition-in-a-non-fluoridated-rural-community-of-new-south-wales-australia
#14
Amit Arora, Narendar Manohar, James Rufus John
Dental caries persists as one of the most prevalent chronic diseases among children worldwide. This study aims to determine factors that influence dental caries in primary dentition among primary school children residing in the rural non-fluoridated community of Lithgow, New South Wales, Australia. A total of 495 children aged 5-10 years old from all the six primary schools in Lithgow were approached to participate in a cross-sectional survey prior to implementation of water fluoridation in 2014. Following parental consent, children were clinically examined for caries in their primary teeth, and parents were requested to complete a questionnaire on previous fluoride exposure, diet and relevant socio-demographic characteristics that influence oral health...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168202/differentiation-of-ecuadorian-national-and-ccn-51-cocoa-beans-and-their-mixtures-by-computer-vision
#15
Juan C Jiménez Barragán, Freddy Marcelo Amores Puyutaxi, Eddyn Gabriel Solórzano, Gladys Angélica Rodríguez, Alessandro La Mantia, Paolo Blasi, Rey Gastón Loor Solórzano
BACKGROUND: Ecuador exports two major types of cocoa beans, the highly regarded and lucrative National, known for its fine aroma, and the CCN-51 clone type, used in bulk for mass chocolate products. In order to discourage exportation of National cocoa adulterated with CCN-51, a fast and objective methodology for distinguishing between the two types of cocoa beans is needed. RESULTS: This study reports a methodology based on computer vision, which makes it possible to recognize these beans and determine the percentage of their mixture...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159684/early-experience-with-a-new-concept-of-angioplasty-nitinol-constrained-balloon-catheter-chocolate-%C3%A2-in-severely-claudicant-patients
#16
Pasqualino Sirignano, Wassim Mansour, Alessandro d'Adamo, Simone Cuozzo, Laura Capoccia, Francesco Speziale
BACKGROUND: To report our experience in treating severely claudicant patients, employing a "nitinol-constrained" balloon (Chocolate, TriReme Medical Inc., Pleasanton, CA-USA) before drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a standardized protocol. METHODS: Eighty-one (84 limbs) consecutive Rutherford category (RC) 3 patients treated between December 2014 and December 2016 for superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal arterial (PA) disease by nitinol-constrained balloon followed by DCB were enrolled...
November 20, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155021/suitability-of-a-chocolate-agar-based-medium-for-the-transportation-and-long-term-storage-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolates-at-room-temperature
#17
Sidharath D Thakur, Jo-Anne R Dillon
Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates were grown on chocolate agar slants comprising GC Agar Medium Base supplemented with 1% modified Kellogg's supplement and 1% beef blood hemoglobin. The bacterial growth was covered with sterilized paraffin oil. Cultures were used for transportation and storage of Neisseria gonorrhoeae for 3months at room temperature.
November 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154884/double-up-examining-the-effects-of-adding-inhibition-training-to-food-cue-exposure-in-chocolate-loving-female-students
#18
Peggy Bongers, Katrijn Houben, Anita Jansen
In the present we study investigated whether addition of a Go/No Go training enhanced the effects of food cue exposure. We assessed desire to eat, salivation, CS-US expectancies, and eating in the absence of hunger (EAH) during and after cue exposure. Participants (N = 71) were chocolate-loving female students who tried to eat less chocolate in daily life. They received two sessions of either cue exposure with Go/No Go training (EXP + GNG), cue exposure with a sham training (EXP + shamGNG), or a control procedure with sham training (CON + shamGNG)...
November 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143716/the-shelf-space-and-strategic-placement-of-healthy-and-discretionary-foods-in-urban-urban-fringe-and-rural-non-metropolitan-australian-supermarkets
#19
Adrian J Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Supermarkets are a key influence on eating behaviours, but it is unknown if the promotion of food within stores varies on a geographic gradient from urban, to urban-fringe and non-metropolitan areas. The present study aimed to assess the shelf space and strategic placement of healthy and discretionary foods in each of urban, urban-fringe and non-metropolitan Australian supermarkets. Design/Setting In-store audits were conducted in stores from one of the two major Australian supermarket chains in urban (n 19), urban-fringe (n 20) and non-metropolitan (n 26) areas of Victoria...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#20
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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