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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523673/the-function-of-language-in-parent-infant-psychotherapy
#1
Björn Salomonsson
Parent-infant psychotherapy, a rather new field in psychoanalysis, raises questions of how to conceptualize the clinical process. Previous publications have used semiotic concepts to account for the therapist's non-verbal communication and investigated the countertransference, including what the baby might grasp of its variations. The present paper focuses on another argument for using verbal interventions to a baby in therapy; they present him with a symbolic order that differs from that of the parent. The qualitative difference between the parent's and the analyst's address is conceptualized by Dolto's term parler vrai...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509624/the-role-of-evidence-based-therapy-relationships-on-treatment-outcome-for-adults-with-trauma-a-systematic-review
#2
Amy E Ellis, Vanessa Simiola, Laura Brown, Christine Courtois, Joan M Cook
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and synthesize the empirical literature on the effects of evidence-based therapy relationship (EBR) variables in the psychological treatment for adults who experienced trauma-related distress. METHOD: Studies were identified using comprehensive searches of PsycINFO, Medline, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505384/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-therapists-internalized-models-of-relationships-on-the-quality-of-the-therapeutic-relationship
#3
REVIEW
Catherine Steel, James Macdonald, Thomas Schroder
OBJECTIVE: Previous reviews have found equivocal evidence of an association between therapists' internalized relational models and the therapeutic relationship and have neglected empirical literature based on Sullivan's notion of introject. This review expanded upon previous reviews to examine the effect of therapist internalized relational models on a broader conceptualization of the therapeutic relationship. METHOD: Systematic search processes identified 22 papers measuring therapist attachment and/or introject and therapeutic relationship: 19 on therapist attachment, 5 on introject with 2 overlapping...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485009/an-investigation-of-the-mechanism-underlying-teacher-aggression-testing-i-3-theory-and-the-general-aggression-model
#4
Paul Montuoro, Tim Mainhard
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has investigated the deleterious effects of teachers responding aggressively to students who misbehave, but the mechanism underlying this dysfunctional behaviour remains unknown. AIMS: This study investigated whether the mechanism underlying teacher aggression follows I(3) theory or General Aggression Model (GAM) metatheory of human aggression. I(3) theory explains exceptional, catastrophic events of human aggression, whereas the GAM explains common human aggression behaviours...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477036/insecure-attachments-and-their-intermingling-transferences
#5
Doris K Silverman
There are least two different but interrelated motivational systems in human beings both of which begin in infancy: the attachment system and the separate, but interacting, psychodynamic system. Each of these systems is the basis of transference. A major focus of the paper is the affect-regulating feature of the attachment system. Infants' emotional states can be well-regulated or dysregulated as they emerge in interactions with their primary caregiver. Aberrant interactions of dysregulation typically lead to the development of insecure or disorganized attachments...
May 5, 2017: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388222/clinician-guided-assessment-of-personality-using-the-structural-interview-and-the-structured-interview-of-personality-organization-stipo
#6
Susanne Hörz-Sagstetter, Eve Caligor, Emanuele Preti, Barry L Stern, Chiara De Panfilis, John F Clarkin
This article demonstrates the utility of a theory-guided psychodynamic approach to the assessment of personality and personality pathology based on the object relations model developed by Kernberg (1984). We describe a clinical interview, the Structural Interview (SI; Kernberg, 1984), and also a semistructured approach, the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO; Clarkin, Caligor, Stern, & Kernberg, 2004) based on this theoretical model. Both interviews focus on the assessment of consolidated identity versus identity disturbance, the use of adaptive versus lower level defensive operations, and intact versus loss of reality testing...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342209/from-somatic-pain-to-psychic-pain-the-body-in-the-psychoanalytic-field
#7
Thomas Hartung, Michael Steinbrecher
The integration of psyche and soma begins with a baby's earliest contact with his or her parents. With the help of maternal empathy and reverie, β-elements are transformed into α-elements. While we understand this to be the case, we would like to enquire what actually happens to those parts of the affect which have not been transformed? For the most part they may be dealt with by evacuation, but they can also remain within the body, subsequently contributing to psychosomatic symptoms. This paper describes how the body serves as an intermediate store between the psychic (inner) and outer reality...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277976/issues-in-consultation-for-treatments-with-distressed-activated-abuser-protector-self-states-in-dissociative-identity-disorder
#8
Richard A Chefetz
The identified "problem self-state" in a dissociative disorder consultation is like the identified patient in a family therapy; the one who is identified may have an assigned role to be blamed which serves the function of deflecting the activities of painful self-states in other family members. In consultation, the "family" includes the therapist in addition to the patient. When the state identified as a problem self-state is an abuser/protector self-state, complications often involve the profound nature of transference-countertransference enactments between patient and therapist, the delusion of separateness, chronic and acute threats of suicide, negative therapeutic reactions, and the evocation of intense negativity...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272821/the-analyst-s-relocation-analysis-terminable-interminable-and-dislocated
#9
Daria Colombo
The analyst's relocation is relatively neglected in the literature. Yet relocation is profoundly unsettling, striking at the psychoanalytic contract in a way that illness or even severe countertransference disturbances do not, and this unsettling aspect of resettling can disturb analytic functioning. The few previous papers about relocation focus on how to best understand and manage "reality" intrusions in terms of the nature and status of the transference relationship. In this paper, an engagement with object relational ideas is the prism through which to examine the dislocations of relocation and the potential disruptions of thinking caused by the vicissitudes of moving...
January 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272818/a-model-for-integrating-actual-neurotic-or-unrepresented-states-and-symbolized-aspects-of-intrapsychic-conflict
#10
Fredric N Busch
In psychoanalytic theory, the importance of actual neuroses-considered to be devoid of psychic content-diminished as Freud and subsequent analysts focused on unconscious intrapsychic conflict. This paper explores the relationship between actual neurotic and unrepresented states, which are believed to be best addressed through attention to countertransference, intersubjectivity, and enactments rather than interpretation of intrapsychic conflict. Models suggesting how actual neurotic states and symbolized intrapsychic conflict may interact with each other and environmental stressors are described...
January 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251643/-telepathic-phenomena-and-separation-anxiety
#11
Berdj Papazian
By discussing a treatment characterized by its difficult ending, the author strives to show the dynamic impact of separation on phenomena that can be seen as 'telepathic'. Led to develop some inalienable attachment to her analyst in the primary transference, the analysand found herself caught up in the contradiction of her visceral dread of dependency, which compelled her to interrupt the work in progress. She then began to work out her analyst's comings and goings and to run into him in public places, as if to be assured of his immovability...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248565/learning-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-in-southeast-asia
#12
Jiann Lin Loo, Jin Kiat Ang, Natasha Subhas, Brian Kong Wai Ho, Hazli Zakaria, César A Alfonso
The subjective nature of psychodynamic psychotherapy (PP) makes training and supervision more abstract compared to other forms of psychotherapy. The issues encountered in the learning and supervision process of PP of Malaysian psychiatry trainees are discussed in this article. Issues of preparation before starting PP, case selection, assessment of patients, dynamic formulations, supervision, anxieties in the therapy, countertransference, termination of therapy, the treatment alliance, transfer of care, the therapeutic setting, and bioethical considerations are explored...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144196/changes-in-professionals-attitudes-and-approaches-to-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment
#13
Evdokia Missouridou, Despina Esseridou
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement with drug and alcohol services remains limited. AIM: to illuminate changes in addiction professionals' subjective attitudes and approaches of parents over time in their career. METHODS: Overall, twenty seven drug and alcohol professionals participated in the study. RESULTS: Themes depicting changes on therapists' attitudes, beliefs and experiences of working with the families of their clients are 'Redefining therapeutic role and expectations', 'Increased understanding and acceptance', 'Finding the right distance in relationships', 'Ability to contain feelings and experiences', 'Being selective in collaborations with professionals', 'Empathy for coworkers and increased collaboration'...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077846/relaxation-in-technique-leading-to-new-beginnings
#14
Endre Koritar
This paper explores how standard analytic technique may result in a repetition of past traumatic experiences in the transference and countertransference analytic situation. Relaxation and elasticity of technique can lead to re-integration of previously fragmented ego functions, and in remembering and re-experiencing of previously repressed symbolic representations of fragmenting past traumatic experiences, resulting in neocatharsis and working through, thus healing wounds and scars sustained in self development...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076643/translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-rating-scale-for-countertransference-rsct-to-american-english
#15
Rafael Mondrzak, Camila Reinert, Andreia Sandri, Lucas Spanemberg, Eduardo L Nogueira, Mirella Bertoluci, Claudio Laks Eizirik, Nina Rosa Furtado
Introduction: The Rating Scale for Countertransference (RSCT) - originally, Escala para Avaliação de Contratransferência (EACT) - is a self-administered instrument comprising questions that assess 23 feelings (divided into three blocs, closeness, distance, and indifference) that access conscious countertransferential emotions and sentiments. This paper describes the process of translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the RSCT into American English. Methods: This study employed the guidelines proposed by the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR) Task Force for Translation and Cultural Adaptation which define 10 steps for translation and cross-cultural adaptation of self-report instruments...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#16
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068502/-our-time-is-up-a-relational-perspective-on-the-ending-of-a-single-psychotherapy-session
#17
Jerome S Gans
This paper, written from a relational perspective, examines the final minutes of an individual psychotherapy session, and is organized around the topics of boundary negotiation, unwitting self-disclosures, visual challenges, and countertransference. Attending to session-ending material is important because the separation involved lends heightened emotional intensity to the oftensignificant material that appears in the final minutes. This material often serves as a bridge to the psychotherapeutic work to be taken up in subsequent sessions...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991668/silicon-in-pure-gold-theoretical-contributions-and-observations-on-teleanalysis-by-videoconference
#18
Lucio Gutiérrez
Ideas about psychoanalysis via videoconference-videoconference teleanalysis (VT)-are presented with the general understanding that these settings produce a twofold split between various degrees of recognition/negativisation of the absence of the other, on one hand, and the expectation of physical co-presence, on the other. This split has been put forward as dismantling the here, now, with me pre-reflexive unity of the analytic experience. This article suggests that both members of the analytic dyad will seek to reappropriate the experience through a forced ego integration that interferes with accessing states of unintegration in the analytic treatment and produces subtle alterations to symbolisation work...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966801/case-study-analysis-of-a-traumatized-hemophiliac-boy
#19
Jill Savege Scharff
The author presents a case study of a hemophiliac boy in four-times-a-week analysis from the age of four to six and a half years. An extensive narrative of various phases of the analysis including the termination provides the reader access to the material for discussion of therapeutic action. Her analytic technique is based on a developmental point of view and illustrates the use of limits, play, and interpretation based on countertransference. She understands the boy's symptoms of preferring to be a girl, asking to cut his penis off, and wishing to die as defenses against the fear of castration, which in his case is aggravated by the actual threat of repeated medical interventions, and by the underlying fear of a lack of body composition...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936902/psychiatrists-emotional-reactions-useful-for-precise-diagnosis-in-adolescence
#20
Sarah Knaus, Roland Grassl, Charles Seidman, Tamara Seitz, Andreas Karwautz, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
Therapist response (countertransference) can be defined as the range of emotions a clinician experiences when interacting with a patient. Previous research has shown that this reaction plays an important role in the establishment of the therapeutic relationship, and that certain psychiatric disorders are systematically related to strong countertransference reactions in clinicians. For this study, 30 videotaped sessions were retrospectively analyzed by one observer using the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ)...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
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