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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692307/seizures-as-a-complication-of-congenital-zika-syndrome-in-early-infancy
#1
Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Ridalva Felzemburgh, Federico Costa, Nivison Nery, Adriana Mattos, Daniele F Henriques, Albert I Ko, For The Salvador Zika Response Team
Zika virus transmission in Brazil was linked to a large outbreak of microcephaly but less is known about longer term anthropometric and neurological outcomes. We studied a cohort of infants born between October 31, 2015, and January 9, 2016, in a state maternity hospital, followed up for 101 ± 28 days by home visits. Microcephaly (< 2 standard deviations, Intergrowth standard) occurred in 62 of 412 (15%) births. Congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) was diagnosed in 29 patients. Among CZS patients, we observed a significant gain in anthropometric measures ( P < 0...
April 23, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689749/the-association-between-alcohol-outlet-accessibility-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
J A Seabrook, N Woods, A Clark, B de Vrijer, D Penava, J Gilliland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol outlet accessibility is positively associated with alcohol consumption, although this relationship has not been thoroughly examined in pregnant women. The present study examines the relationship between proximity and density of alcohol outlets and risk for low birth weight (LBW: <2,500 grams) and preterm birth (PTB: <37 weeks gestational age), and is the first Canadian study to investigate this association. METHODS: Maternal accessibility to alcohol outlets was specified using a gravity-type measure of accessibility, which provides the amount of accessibility that a given household has to liquor stores within 30-minutes of their home...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689020/factors-that-influence-human-milk-feeding-at-hospital-discharge-for-preterm-infants-in-a-tertiary-neonatal-care-center-in-taiwan
#3
Chia-Ming Pai, Wai-Tim Jim, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Hsin-An Kao, Han-Yang Hung, Chun-Chih Peng, Jui-Hsing Chang
Human milk is considered optimal nutrition for newborn infants, especially preterm infants, and it can lessen morbidity in this population. Human milk feeding at hospital discharge may encourage breastfeeding at home. This study evaluated the incidence and predictive factors of human milk feeding of preterm infants at discharge. It included all preterm infants with gestational age of less than 37 weeks who were admitted to the Mackay Memorial Hospital in Taiwan from January to December 2010 who survived to discharge...
April 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686953/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-bronchial-asthma-in-children-in-santo-domingo-dominican-republic
#4
Stephanie G Mejias, Kamleshun Ramphul
Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683911/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-optimizing-postpartum-care
#5
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683906/acog-committee-opinion-no-736-summary-optimizing-postpartum-care
#6
(no author information available yet)
The weeks following birth are a critical period for a woman and her infant, setting the stage for long-term health and well-being. To optimize the health of women and infants, postpartum care should become an ongoing process, rather than a single encounter, with services and support tailored to each woman's individual needs. It is recommended that all women have contact with their obstetrician-gynecologists or other obstetric care providers within the first 3 weeks postpartum. This initial assessment should be followed up with ongoing care as needed, concluding with a comprehensive postpartum visit no later than 12 weeks after birth...
May 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679636/neuroanatomical-characteristics-of-youths-with-prenatal-opioid-and-poly-drug-exposure
#7
Egil Nygaard, Kari Slinning, Vibeke Moe, Paulina Due-Tønnessen, Anders Fjell, Kristine B Walhovd
Neuroanatomical and cognitive differences have been documented during childhood between children with prenatal opioid- and poly-drug exposure and controls in small samples. We investigated whether these differences persisted in larger samples of youth at older ages. Quantitative MRI and cognitive data were compared between 38 youths in the risk group and 44 youths in the non-exposed group (aged 17 to 22 years) who had been followed prospectively since birth. Most drug-exposed youths (84%) moved to permanent foster or adoptive homes before one year of age...
April 18, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678184/perceptions-on-male-involvement-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth-in-masasi-district-tanzania-a-qualitative-study
#8
Stephen Oswald Maluka, Apollonia Kasege Peneza
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts to promote male involvement in maternal and child health, studies in low and middle income countries have reported that male participation is still low. While factors that hinder male partners from participating in maternal and child healthcare are well documented, there is dearth of studies on local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and delivery care. The main objective of this study was to explore local perceptions about male involvement in pregnancy and childbirth in Tanzania...
April 20, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669538/predictors-of-women-s-utilization-of-primary-health-care-for-skilled-pregnancy-care-in-rural-nigeria
#9
Friday Okonofua, Lorretta Ntoimo, Julius Ogungbangbe, Seun Anjorin, Wilson Imongan, Sanni Yaya
BACKGROUND: Although Primary Health Care (PHC) was designed to provide universal access to skilled pregnancy care for the prevention of maternal deaths, very little is known of the factors that predict the use of PHC for skilled maternity care in rural parts of Nigeria - where its use is likely to have a greater positive impact on maternal health care. The objective of this study was to identify the factors that lead pregnant women to use or not use existing primary health care facilities for antenatal and delivery care...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669527/-i-didn-t-think-you-were-allowed-that-they-didn-t-mention-that-a-qualitative-study-exploring-women-s-perceptions-of-home-birth
#10
Jo Naylor Smith, Beck Taylor, Karen Shaw, Alistair Hewison, Sara Kenyon
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that home birth is as safe as hospital birth for low risk multiparous women, and is associated with reduced intervention rates and increased rates of normal birth. However the home birth rate in the UK is low, and few women choose this option. The aims of this study were to identify what influences multiparous women's choice of birth place, and to explore their views of home birth. METHODS: Five focus groups were conducted with multiparous women (n = 28) attending mother and baby groups in a city in the UK with a diverse multi-ethnic population...
April 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667167/out-of-home-placement-to-age-18-years-in-children-exposed-to-a-postpartum-mental-disorder
#11
Simone N Vigod, Thomas Munk Laursen, Anne Ranning, Merete Nordentoft, Trine Munk-Olsen
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about risk of custody loss or out-of-home placement among children whose mothers experience postpartum mental disorders, and whether this risk differs from that of children whose mothers had earlier onset of their mental disorder. METHODS: National Danish registers comprising 1 868 467 births (1982-2012) were used to determine how the timing of maternal illness onset influences out-of-home placement risk up to age 18 years among children exposed to a maternal mental disorder...
April 17, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665522/task-shifting-midwifery-support-workers-as-the-second-health-worker-at-a-home-birth-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-study
#12
Beck Taylor, Catherine Henshall, Laura Goodwin, Sara Kenyon
OBJECTIVE: Traditionally two midwives attend home births in the UK. This paper explores the implementation of a new home birth care model where births to low risk women are attended by one midwife and one Midwifery Support Worker (MSW). DESIGN AND SETTING: The study setting was a dedicated home birth service provided by a large UK urban hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-three individuals over 3 years: 13 home birth midwives, 7 MSWs, 7 commissioners (plan and purchase healthcare), 9 managers, 23 community midwives, 14 hospital midwives...
March 13, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664674/associations-between-neighborhood-walkability-and-incident-and-ongoing-asthma-in-children
#13
Elinor Simons, Sharon D Dell, Rahim Moineddin, Teresa To
RATIONALE: Childhood asthma has shown variable associations with children's physical activity. Neighborhood walkability captures community features that promote walking and is protective against some chronic conditions, such as obesity and diabetes. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated associations between home neighborhood walkability and incident and ongoing childhood asthma. METHODS: This population-based cohort study used prospectively-collected administrative healthcare data for the province of Ontario housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences...
April 17, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663154/ambient-air-pollution-and-asthma-related-outcomes-in-children-of-color-of-the-usa-a-scoping-review-of-literature-published-between-2013-and-2017
#14
REVIEW
Anthony Nardone, Andreas M Neophytou, John Balmes, Neeta Thakur
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Given racial disparities in ambient air pollution (AAP) exposure and asthma risk, this review offers an overview of the literature investigating the ambient air pollution-asthma relationship in children of color between 2013 and 2017. RECENT FINDINGS: AAP is likely a key contributor to the excess burden of asthma in children of color due to pervasive exposure before birth, at home, and in school. Recent findings suggest that psychosocial stressors may modify the relationship between AAP and asthma...
April 16, 2018: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660573/midwifery-in-iceland-from-vocational-training-to-university-education
#15
Olof A Olafsdottir, Hildur Kristjansdottir, Berglind Halfdansdottir, Helga Gottfredsdottir
Midwifery education is a foundation for health professionals' competence in providing quality healthcare for the benefit of women, their families and society. This paper describes midwifery and the development of midwifery education in Iceland. It examines policy and extensive reforms, from hospital-based vocational training in midwifery to an academic university education, and the impact on the scope of midwifery practice in Iceland. The university-based programme, with its emphasis on autonomy of the midwife, seems to have affected the context of home birth and strengthened midwives' role in primary healthcare...
April 3, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658108/maternal-residential-pesticide-use-and-risk-of-childhood-leukemia-in-costa-rica
#16
Carly Hyland, Robert B Gunier, Catherine Metayer, Michael N Bates, Catharina Wesseling, Ana M Mora
Evidence suggests that early-life exposure to pesticides inside the home may be associated with childhood leukemia, however data from Latin American countries are limited. We examined whether self-reported maternal residential pesticide use and nearby pesticide applications-before and after child's birth-were associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Costa Rican Childhood Leukemia Study (CRCLS), a population-based case-control study (2001-2003). Cases (n=251 ALL) were diagnosed between 1995 and 2000 (age <15 years at diagnosis) and were identified through the Costa Rican Cancer Registry and National Children's Hospital...
April 15, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651734/palivizumab-use-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-report-from-the-german-synagis%C3%A2-registry-2009-2016
#17
Arne Simon, Susanne Gehrmann, Gudrun Wagenpfeil, Stefan Wagenpfeil
Infants with Down syndrome (DS) face an increased risk of respiratory tract infections. Recent studies describe DS as independent risk factor for a complicated clinical course in infants with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. The prospective observational German Synagis™ Registry comprises data from 249 children below 25 months of age with DS and palivizumab prophylaxis 2009-2016 (1191 administrations; mean 4.8 per patient and season). The median gestational age and the birth weight in patients without and with DS were 31 versus 37 weeks (P < 0...
April 12, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649836/-flight-routes-to-germany-of-seriously-ill-children-and-adolescents-from-former-eastern-bloc-countries-for-treatment-of-renal-failure
#18
Dilbar Mammadova, Ines Marek, Matthias Galiano, Wolfgang Rascher
BACKGROUND: Increased patient mobility and restricted treatment of children with end-stage renal disease forced families from the former Eastern Bloc countries to flee with their children to Germany for adequate medical treatment. METHODS: In a case study, the patients' charts were analysed retrospectively. In structured interviews, parents and patients were asked about their flight routes to Germany, their medical treatment and their integration. RESULTS: From 2003 to 2013, eight children and adolescents with renal failure were treated with dialysis or renal transplantation in Erlangen...
April 12, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649001/trends-in-characteristics-of-women-choosing-contraindicated-home-births
#19
Kelly B Zafman, Joanne L Stone, Stephanie H Factor
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) contraindicated home births and the women who are receiving these births in hopes of identifying venues for intervention. METHODS: The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) birth certificate records from 1990 to 2015 were used. "Planned home births" were defined as those births in which birthplace was coded as "residence" and birth attendant was coded as "certified nurse midwife (CNM)" or "other midwife"...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644992/the-lived-experience-of-parents-whose-children-discharged-to-home-after-cardiac-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#20
Silvio Simeone, Nicol Platone, Marco Perrone, Valentina Marras, Gianluca Pucciarelli, Martina Benedetti, Grazia Dell'Angelo, Teresa Rea, Assunta Guillari, Paola Da Valle, Gianpaolo Gargiulo, Stefano Botti, Giovanna Artioli, Giuseppe Comentale, Salvatore Ferrigno, Gaetano Palma, Stefania Baratta
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHDs) afflicting children are estimated in 8 per 1000 live births. Recent advances in surgery and medical treatments allowed an improvement in survival rates leading to changes in diseases management as chronic conditions. Parents involvement during clinical pathways is considered an essential component of care, but frequently they experience stress and anxiety conditions during the care path. These feelings are typical of the pre and peri-operative period, however they don't disappear easily and sometimes they can increase after hospital discharge, affecting the family environment and its behaviors...
April 4, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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