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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214042/maternal-weight-in-the-postpartum-results-from-the-delta-healthy-sprouts-trial
#1
Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Jessica L Thomson, Nefertiti OjiNjideka Hemphill, Melissa H Goodman, Alicia S Landry
Background: Excessive postnatal weight retention may pose a threat to a woman's health and future pregnancies. Women in the Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region of Mississippi suffer from among the highest rates of obesity in the U.S. and are more likely to gain an excessive amount of weight during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to determine if LMD women who received a lifestyle enhanced maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting (MIECHV) curriculum had more favorable weight outcomes through 12-months postpartum compared to women who received a standard MIECHV curriculum...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210195/hair-nicotine-at-15-months-old-tobacco-exposure-and-wheeze-or-asthma-from-15-months-to-6-years-old
#2
Philip K Pattemore, Karen M Silvers, Chris M Frampton, Kristin Wickens, Tristram Ingham, David Fishwick, Julian Crane, G Ian Town, Michael J Epton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between hair nicotine levels at 15 months of age and prior parent-reported smoking exposure, and the risk of wheezing and current asthma from 15 months to 6 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: We measured hair nicotine levels at 15 months of age in 376 of 535 infants enrolled in a prospective birth cohort in Christchurch, New Zealand. We obtained detailed information from parents about smoking exposure during pregnancy and in the home at 3 and 15 months of age...
December 6, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206833/effects-of-women-s-groups-practising-participatory-learning-and-action-on-preventive-and-care-seeking-behaviours-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-cluster-randomised-trials
#3
Nadine Seward, Melissa Neuman, Tim Colbourn, David Osrin, Sonia Lewycka, Kishwar Azad, Anthony Costello, Sushmita Das, Edward Fottrell, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma Manandhar, Nirmala Nair, Bejoy Nambiar, Neena Shah More, Tambosi Phiri, Prasanta Tripathy, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends participatory learning and action (PLA) in women's groups to improve maternal and newborn health, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services. There have been calls to understand the pathways through which this community intervention may affect neonatal mortality. We examined the effect of women's groups on key antenatal, delivery, and postnatal behaviours in order to understand pathways to mortality reduction...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206730/understanding-the-impact-of-fluid-restriction-on-growth-outcomes-in-infants-following-cardiac-surgery
#4
Melissa Li, Adriana Campa, Fatma G Huffman, Anthony F Rossi
OBJECTIVE: Fluid restriction is reported to be a barrier in providing adequate nutrition following cardiac surgery. The specific aim of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of nutritional intake during the postoperative period using anthropometrics by comparing preoperative weight status, as measured by weight-for-age z scores, to weight status at discharge home. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cardiac ICU at Miami Children's Hospital...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206131/influence-of-maternal-care-on-behavioural-development-of-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-living-in-a-home-environment
#5
Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjó, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies towards environmental and social stimuli. In order to do this, maternal care (licking puppy's ano-genital area, licking the puppy, nursing and mother-puppy contact) during the first three weeks after birth was assessed in 12 litters of domestic dog puppies reared in home environments (total = 72 puppies)...
December 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198187/unusual-presentation-of-prune-belly-syndrome-a-case-report
#6
Abayneh Girma Demisse, Ashenafi Berhanu, Temesgen Tadesse
BACKGROUND: Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown etiology, with the following triad of findings: abdominal muscle wall weakness, undescended testes, and urinary tract abnormalities. In most cases, detection of prune belly syndrome occurs during neonatal or infancy period. In this case report, we describe a 12-year-old boy from Ethiopia with the triad of findings of prune belly syndrome along with skeletal malformations. We are unaware of any previous report of prune belly syndrome in Ethiopia...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198051/doula-services-within-a-healthy-start-program-increasing-access-for-an-underserved-population
#7
Mary-Powel Thomas, Gabriela Ammann, Ellen Brazier, Philip Noyes, Aletha Maybank
PURPOSE: Women of color in the United States, particularly in high-poverty neighborhoods, experience high rates of poor birth outcomes, including cesarean section, preterm birth, low birthweight, and infant mortality. Doula care has been linked to improvements in many perinatal outcomes, but women of color and low-income women often face barriers in accessing doula support. DESCRIPTION: To address this issue, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Healthy Start Brooklyn introduced the By My Side Birth Support Program in 2010...
December 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198049/voces-de-la-frontera-voices-from-the-border-using-case-studies-of-pregnancy-birth-and-parenting-along-the-u-s-mexico-border-to-identify-shared-measures-of-success
#8
Katherine Selchau, Maricela Babuca, Kara Bower, Yara Castro, Araceli Flores, Jonah O Garcia, Maria Lourdes F Reyes, Yvonne Rojas, Laura Shattuck
Purpose This research analyzes the cases of five women living along the U.S.-Mexico border who overcame challenges during pregnancy or parenting with the support of a federally funded Healthy Start program, designed to eliminate disparities in perinatal health in disadvantaged communities with the poorest birth outcomes. Study objectives were to: (1) identify common factors that affect healthy maternal and child outcomes for Healthy Start participants; and (2) identify a shared definition of what success looks like for Healthy Start participants and opportunities for further study...
December 2, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197760/lifetime-exposure-to-ambient-air-pollution-and-methylation-of-tumor-suppressor-genes-in-breast-tumors
#9
Catherine L Callahan, Matthew R Bonner, Jing Nie, Daikwon Han, Youjin Wang, Meng-Hua Tao, Peter G Shields, Catalin Marian, Kevin H Eng, Maurizio Trevisan, Jan Beyea, Jo L Freudenheim
BACKGROUND: We previously reported increased risk of breast cancer associated with early life exposure to two measures of air pollution exposure, total suspended particulates (TSP) and traffic emissions (TE), possible proxies for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Exposure to PAHs has been shown to be associated with aberrant patterns of DNA methylation in peripheral blood of healthy individuals. Exposure to PAHs and methylation in breast tumor tissue has received little attention...
November 30, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194078/stress-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-to-home-paternal-and-maternal-cortisol-rhythms-in-parents-of-premature-infants
#10
Craig F Garfield, Clarissa D Simon, Joshua Rutsohn, Young S Lee
To examine cortisol diurnal rhythms over the transition from the critical care setting to home for fathers and mothers of very low-birth-weight infants, including how cortisol is associated with psychosocial stress and parenting sense of competence. This cohort study in a level III neonatal intensive care unit and the general community had 86 parents complete salivary collection and self-reported psychosocial measures. Salivary samples were collected 3 times a day on the day before discharge, and on 3 subsequent days at home...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190374/scaling-up-newborn-care-in-afghanistan-opportunities-and-challenges-for-the-health-sector
#11
Malalai Naziri, Ariel Higgins-Steele, Zelaikha Anwari, Khaksar Yousufi, Karla Fossand, Sher Shah Amin, David B Hipgrave, Sherin Varkey
Newborn health in Afghanistan is receiving increased attention, but reduction in newborn deaths there has not kept pace with declines in maternal and child mortality. Using the continuum of care and health systems building block frameworks, this article identifies, organizes and provides a synthesis of the available evidence on and gaps in coverage of care and health systems, programmes, policies and practices related to newborn health in Afghanistan. Newborn mortality in Afghanistan is related to the nation's weak health system, itself associated with decades of conflict, low and uneven coverage of essential interventions, demand-side and cultural specificities, and compromised quality...
November 27, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186633/family-centered-care-improved-neonatal-medical-and-neurobehavioral-outcomes-in-preterm-infants-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yen-Ting Yu, Wu-Shiun Hsieh, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Yuh-Jyh Lin, Chyi-Her Lin, Shulan Hsieh, Lu Lu, Rong-Ju Cherng, Ying-Ju Chang, Pi-Chuan Fan, Nai-Jia Yao, Wei J Chen, Suh-Fang Jeng
Background: Family-centered care for preterm infants in Western societies has yielded short- to medium-term benefits. However, the intervention effects have rarely been validated in Eastern societies. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether a family-centered intervention program (FCIP) could improve the short-term medical and neurobehavioral outcomes in preterm infants with very low birth weight (VLBW; a birth weight of <1,500 g) in Taiwan over the outcomes seen with a usual care program (UCP)...
December 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185123/is-timing-of-enrollment-associated-with-birth-outcomes-findings-from-a-healthy-start-program-in-kansas
#13
Kyrah K Brown, Candace Johnson, Michele Spainhower, Nicole Fox Phillips, J'Vonnah Maryman
Objective The Sedgwick County Healthy Babies Healthy Start (HBHS) program provides community-based services (including care coordination, interconception care and home visiting) aimed at reducing racial/ethnic disparities in poor birth outcomes. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the Sedgwick County HBHS program by comparing the birth outcomes of program participants who enrolled prenatally and those who did not participate while pregnant. Methods In this retrospective cohort study, we used data drawn from the Sedgwick County HBHS program...
November 28, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183265/when-general-practitioners-meet-new-evidence-an-exploratory-ethnographic-study
#14
Ole Olsen
OBJECTIVE: To explore how general practitioners (GPs) think and act when presented with new evidence in relation to planned home birth and a proposal to change information practices. DESIGN: Exploratory ethnographic study of GPs. The GPs were encountered one or more times during a two-year period, 2011-2013, while the author tried to set up formal focus group interviews. Dialogues about the evidence, personal experiences, values and other issues unavoidably occurred...
December 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180538/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-correlates-of-cervicovaginal-human-papillomavirus-hpv-carriage-in-a-cross-sectional-multiethnic-community-based-female-asian-population
#15
Su Pei Khoo, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Siew Hwei Yap, Mohd Khairul Anwar Shafii, Nazrilla Hairizan Nasir, Jerome Belinson, ShriDevi Subramaniam, Pik Pin Goh, Ming Zeng, Hong Dong Tan, Patti Gravitt, Yin Ling Woo
OBJECTIVES: Cervical cancer is a largely preventable disease, and the strategic implementation of a cervical cancer prevention programme is partly dependent on the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection interpreted within the context of the country's sociodemographic attributes. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence of cervicovaginal HPV infection among a healthy, community-based, multiethnic Malaysian population. The HPV prevalence was subsequently correlated to the individual's sociodemographics and sexual/reproductive history...
November 27, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179770/fertility-outcomes-following-obstetric-fistula-repair-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Dawn M Kopp, Jeffrey Wilkinson, Angela Bengtson, Ennet Chipungu, Rachel J Pope, Margaret Moyo, Jennifer H Tang
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula (OF) is a maternal morbidity associated with high rates of stillbirth, amenorrhea, and sexual dysfunction. Limited data exists on the reproductive outcomes of women in the years following a fistula repair. The objective of this study is to describe the fertility outcomes and family planning practices in a population of Malawian women 1-4 years after fistula repair. METHODS: Women who had enrolled into a clinical database of OF patients and undergone OF repair between January 1, 2012 and July 31, 2014 were recruited and enrolled to complete a home-based survey of their demographic and reproductive health data 1-4 years after their repair...
November 28, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179143/factors-associated-with-postpartum-depression-in-women-from-low-socioeconomic-level-in-argentina-a-hierarchical-model-approach
#17
Diana Pham, Gabriela Cormick, Melissa M Amyx, Luz Gibbons, Meitra Doty, Asia Brown, Angel Norwood, Federico M Daray, Fernando Althabe, José M Belizán
PURPOSE: to estimate the prevalence of depression at 4-week postpartum using the Edinburgh postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) in women who delivered in a public maternity hospital in Argentina. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was carried out from March to August 2016 in northwest Argentina. Eligibility included delivering a singleton live birth 28 weeks of gestational age or over, 18 years or older and resided within 1h from the maternity hospital. Women were excluded if they or their newborn were in the intensive care unit...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177988/early-life-characteristics-and-neurodevelopmental-phenotypes-in-the-mount-sinai-children-s-environmental-health-center
#18
Melissa Furlong, Amy H Herring, Barbara D Goldman, Julie L Daniels, Mary S Wolff, Lawrence S Engel, Stephanie M Engel
Neurodevelopmental outcomes including behavior, executive functioning, and IQ exhibit complex correlational structures, although they are often treated as independent in etiologic studies. We performed a principal components analysis of the behavioral assessment system for children, the behavior rating inventory of executive functioning, and the Wechsler scales of intelligence in a prospective birth cohort, and estimated associations with early life characteristics. We identified seven factors: (1) impulsivity and externalizing, (2) executive functioning, (3) internalizing, (4) perceptual reasoning, (5) adaptability, (6) processing speed, and (7) verbal intelligence...
November 24, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174538/attendance-at-mental-health-appointments-by-women-who-were-referred-during-pregnancy-or-the-postpartum-period
#19
Avril S Albaugh, Susan Hatters Friedman, Sarah Nagle Yang, Miriam Rosenthal
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of women referred to mental health care during pregnancy or the year after giving birth and to identify characteristics associated with attendance at mental health intake visits. DESIGN: Retrospective record review of referral documentation. SETTING: Women's health practices and perinatal mental health clinics in urban areas. PARTICIPANTS: The sample included 647 women during pregnancy or the year after giving birth who were referred for mental health treatment...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169973/-maternal-death-by-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#20
M Rossignol, E Morau, M Dreyfus
Pregnancy and postpartum are very high-risk periods for venous thromboembolism events (TEE), which seems to extend far beyond the classical 6-8 weeks after childbirth. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is one of the 3 main causes of direct maternal death in western countries. Between 2010 an 2012 in France, 24 deaths were related to PE giving a maternal mortality ratio of 1/100,000, which is not different from the former report (2007-2009). PE is responsible of 9% of maternal deaths, in equal position with postpartum hemorrhage and amniotic fluid embolism...
November 20, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
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