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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334811/causes-and-predictors-of-neonatal-post-neonatal-and-maternal-deaths-in-india-analysis-of-a-nationwide-district-level-household-survey-4-dlhs-4-2012-13
#1
Jaya P Tripathy, Sanskruti Mishra
Introduction: There is lack of reliable mortality estimates in India about maternal, neonatal and infant deaths. As we move towards achieving the targets under Sustainable Development Goals, information on cause of death is essential to prioritize our resources and planning. Therefore, the present study describes the causes and characteristics of neonatal, post-neonatal and maternal deaths in India. Methods: The study analysed nationwide District-Level Household Survey-4 conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in 2014...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333909/notes-from-the-field-obstetric-tetanus-in-an-unvaccinated-woman-after-a-home-birth-delivery-kentucky-2016
#2
Anna Q Yaffee, David L Day, Glenda Bastin, Mary Powell, Sandra Melendez, Nancy Allen, Julie Miracle, Margaret Jones, Robert Brawley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333824/committee-opinion-no-697-planned-home-birth
#3
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, approximately 35,000 births (0.9%) per year occur in the home. Approximately one fourth of these births are unplanned or unattended. Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that hospitals and accredited birth centers are the safest settings for birth, each woman has the right to make a medically informed decision about delivery. Importantly, women should be informed that several factors are critical to reducing perinatal mortality rates and achieving favorable home birth outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333817/committee-opinion-no-697-summary-planned-home-birth
#4
(no author information available yet)
In the United States, approximately 35,000 births (0.9%) per year occur in the home. Approximately one fourth of these births are unplanned or unattended. Although the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists believes that hospitals and accredited birth centers are the safest settings for birth, each woman has the right to make a medically informed decision about delivery. Importantly, women should be informed that several factors are critical to reducing perinatal mortality rates and achieving favorable home birth outcomes...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332220/perspectives-on-risk-assessment-of-risk-profiles-and-outcomes-among-women-planning-community-birth-in-the-united-states
#5
Marit L Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney, Jennifer Brown, Kim J Cox, Lawrence Leeman
BACKGROUND: There is little agreement on who is a good candidate for community (home or birth center) birth in the United States. METHODS: Data on n=47 394 midwife-attended, planned community births come from the Midwives Alliance of North America Statistics Project. Logistic regression quantified the independent contribution of 10 risk factors to maternal and neonatal outcomes. Risk factors included: primiparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, postterm pregnancy, twins, breech presentation, history of cesarean and vaginal birth, and history of cesarean without history of vaginal birth...
March 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329403/language-development-in-children-with-cleft-palate-with-or-without-cleft-lip-adopted-from-non-english-speaking-countries
#6
Amy R Morgan, Claudia Crilly Bellucci, Jody Coppersmith, Sebastian B Linde, Arthur Curtis, Meredith Albert, Mary M O'Gara, Kathleen Kapp-Simon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether language skills differed between children with cleft palate or cleft lip and palate (CP±CL) who were adopted into an English-speaking home from a non-English-speaking country (late English exposure [LE]) and children with CP±CL raised from birth in an English-speaking home (early English exposure [EE]). Method: Children (51 LE, 67 EE), ages 3;0 (years;months) to 9;0, completed the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF), Preschool Second Edition or Fourth Edition...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327687/utilization-of-services-for-institutional-deliveries-in-gorkha-district
#7
G Paudel, U N Yadav, S J Thakuri, J P Singh, S B Marahatta
BACKGROUND: Adequate health services for improving maternal and neonatal health is an important global health issues. Institutional delivery is most important component to address maternal and neonatal issue. Institutional delivery service utilization assures safe birth and minimizes the maternal morbidity and mortality. This study was aimed to assess the utilization of institutional delivery service among the mothers of Gorkha district. METHODS: A cross sectional study of 180 mothers having child below 2 years residing in Palungtar municipality was done between March to July 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327678/alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-and-its-predictors-in-sindhupalchowk-district-nepal
#8
K K Aryal, N Thapa, S Mehata, P Thapa, A Alvik, B Stray-Pedersen
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of women in Nepal consume alcohol and homebrewed alcoholic beverages are the most common type of alcohol. Alcohol being a part of tradition and culture in Nepal and evidences suggesting even low to moderate dose of alcohol having impacts on the birth outcomes, we aimed at exploring the alcohol consumption pattern during pregnancy and postpartum period along with its predictors. METHODS: We studied all pregnant and recently delivered women using quantitative methods in selected wards within selected Village Development Committees of Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal after purposively choosing the district...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320512/effect-of-congenital-heart-disease-on-4-year-neurodevelopment-within-multiple-gestation-births
#9
Amy H Schultz, Richard F Ittenbach, Marsha Gerdes, Gail P Jarvik, Gil Wernovsky, Judy Bernbaum, Cynthia Solot, Robert R Clancy, Susan C Nicolson, Thomas L Spray, Donna McDonald-McGinn, Elaine Zackai, J William Gaynor
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the effect of congenital heart disease requiring infant surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass on neurodevelopmental outcomes and growth at 4 years of age, while matching for gestational age, socioeconomic status, maternal gestational conditions, home environment, and parental intelligence by studying multiple-gestation births. METHODS: We performed within-family comparison of 14 multiple-gestation births in which 1 child had congenital heart disease requiring surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass at ≤6 months of age...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320494/maternal-psychological-distress-and-mother-infant-relationship-multiple-birth-versus-singleton-preterm-infants
#10
Kaboni Whitney Gondwe, Qing Yang, Rosemary White-Traut, Diane Holditch-Davis
PURPOSE: Multiple preterm birth is associated with more maternal psychological distress and less positive mother-infant interactions than singleton preterm birth. This study's purpose was to compare psychological distress and the relationship with their infants in mothers of multiples and mothers of singletons. DESIGN: An exploratory secondary analysis of longitudinal data. SAMPLE: 236 mothers and their preterm infants. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLES: Maternal psychological distress (depressive symptoms, anxiety, posttraumatic stress [PTS], parenting stress), the mother-infant relationship (worry; child vulnerability; maternal positive involvement and developmental stimulation; and child developmental maturity, irritability, and social behaviors), and the home environment...
March 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319128/serious-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-such-as-5-minute-apgar-score-of-zero-and-seizures-or-severe-neurologic-dysfunction-are-increased-in-planned-home-births-after-cesarean-delivery
#11
Amos Grünebaum, Laurence B McCullough, Birgit Arabin, Frank A Chervenak
The United States is with 37,451 home births in 2014 the country with the largest absolute number of home births among all developed countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the occurrence and risks of a 5-minute Apgar score of zero and neonatal seizures or serious neurologic dysfunction in women with a history of prior cesarean delivery for planned home vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), compared to hospital VBAC and hospital birth cesarean deliveries for term normal weight infants in the United States from 2007-2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#12
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301894/transitions-in-care-for-infants-with-trisomy-13-or-18
#13
Jacquelyn Patterson, Genevieve Taylor, Melissa Smith, Sarah Dotters-Katz, Arlene M Davis, Wayne Price
Background and Objectives The scope of interventions offered to infants with trisomy 13 (T13) or trisomy 18 (T18) is increasing. We describe the spectrum of care provided, highlighting transitions in care for individual patients. Patients and Methods This is a single-center, retrospective cohort of infants with T13 or T18 born between 2004 and 2015. Initial care was classified as comfort care or intervention using prenatal counseling notes. Transitions in care were identified in the medical record. Results In this study, 25 infants were divided into two groups based on their care: neonates who experienced no transition in care and neonates who experienced at least one transition...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299906/influence-of-infant-feeding-patterns-over-the-first-year-of-life-on-growth-from-birth-to-5%C3%A2-years
#14
A Betoko, S Lioret, B Heude, R Hankard, S Carles, A Forhan, N Regnault, J Botton, M A Charles, B de Lauzon-Guillain
OBJECTIVES: As early-life feeding experiences may influence later health, we aimed to examine relations between feeding patterns over the first year of life and child's growth in the first 5 years of life. METHODS: Our analysis included 1022 children from the EDEN mother-child cohort. Three feeding patterns were previously identified, i.e. 'Later dairy products introduction and use of ready-prepared baby foods' (pattern-1), 'Long breastfeeding, later main meal food introduction and use of home-made foods' (pattern-2) and 'Use of ready-prepared adult foods' (pattern-3)...
March 15, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293791/pregnant-women-s-awareness-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-pelvic-floor-muscles-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Anne-Marie Hill, Steven M McPhail, Judith M Wilson, Richard G Berlach
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pregnant women benefit from completing pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFMEs). The aims of the study were to evaluate pregnant women's levels of awareness, knowledge, and beliefs about the pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) and PFMEs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Respondents were pregnant women over the age of 18 years who attended antenatal clinics in Western Australia (WA). Questionnaire items measured awareness and knowledge about PFMs, confidence and beliefs about engaging in PFMEs, and attendance at antenatal education (ANE) classes...
March 14, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292333/location-and-content-of-counselling-and-acceptance-of-postpartum-iud-in-sri-lanka
#16
Mahesh Karra, David Canning, Sorcha Foster, Iqbal H Shah, Hemantha Senanayake, U D P Ratnasiri, Ramya Priyanwada Pathiraja
BACKGROUND: The immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) is a long-acting, reversible method of contraception that can be used safely and effectively following a birth. To appropriately facilitate the immediate postpartum insertion of IUDs, women must be informed of the method's availability and must be counselled on its benefits and risks prior to entering the delivery room. We examine the relationship between the location and quality of antenatal counselling and women's acceptance of immediate postpartum IUD (PPIUD) in four hospitals in Sri Lanka...
March 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289463/antenatal-characteristics-of-roma-female-population-in-virovitica-podravina-county-croatia
#17
Jadranko Šegregur, Domagoj Šegregur
INTRODUCTION: This study reports about antenatal characteristics of Roma minority population. The study was designed to investigate data about health behaviours known to be associated with reproductive outcomes of Roma women that have very good living conditions and relatively high resource availability. METHODS: A retrospective study included 204 Roma and 408 non-Roma hospitalised singleton births that occurred in the Maternity Ward of the General Hospital Virovitica in the period from 1991 to 2010...
March 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286813/risk-factors-of-non-fatal-unintentional-home-injuries-among-children-under-5-years-old-a-population-based-study
#18
Sedigheh Nouhjah, Sharareh R Niakan Kalhori, Azadeh Saki
INTRODUCTION: In addition to the annual mortality rate, unintentional home injury may result in temporary or permanent disability and requires medical attention and continuous care in millions of children. This study aimed to explore features and risk factors of these injuries. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, demographic variables and epidemiologic pattern of home injuries among children under 5 years of age were collected via a population-based survey in seven main cities of Khuzestan province, southwest Iran, during September 2011 to December 2012...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284980/the-kingston-allergy-birth-cohort-exploring-parentally-reported-respiratory-outcomes-through-the-lens-of-the-exposome
#19
Michelle L North, Jeffrey R Brook, Elizabeth Y Lee, Vanessa Omana, Nadia M Daniel, Lisa M Steacy, Greg J Evans, Miriam L Diamond, Anne K Ellis
BACKGROUND: The Kingston Allergy Birth Cohort (KABC) is a prenatally recruited cohort initiated to study the developmental origins of allergic disease. Kingston General Hospital was chosen for recruitment because it serves a population with notable diversity in environmental exposures relevant to the emerging concept of the exposome. OBJECTIVES: To establish a profile of the KABC using the exposome framework and examine parentally reported respiratory symptoms to 2 years of age...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283986/continuous-transanal-decompression-for-infants-with-long-and-total-type-hirschsprung-s-diseases-as-a-bridge-to-curative-surgery-a-single-center-experience
#20
Kyoko Mochizuki, Masato Shinkai, Norihiko Kitagawa, Hiroshi Take, Hidehito Usui, Takashi Hosokawa, Kaori Yamoto
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of continuous bowel decompression using an indwelling transanal tube (ITT) for preoperative management in infants with long-segment (L)- or total (T)-type Hirschsprung's disease (HD). CASE PRESENTATION: Between 2012 and 2015, seven patients with L- or T-type HD underwent preoperative bowel management by continuous bowel decompression using an ITT during waiting period for curative surgery. Continuous bowel decompression was done using an ITT, a 10-12F flexible dual lumen tube placed through the rectum up to the dilated colon under fluoroscopic guidance and secured to the bilateral buttocks...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
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