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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636097/finding-new-homes-multilevel-selection-on-birth-timing-and-growth-in-north-american-red-squirrels
#1
James Marvel-Coen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627308/hormonal-and-neuromuscular-responses-to-breastfeeding-a-pilot-study
#2
Madalynn Neu, Zhaoxing Pan, Ashley Haight, Karen Fehringer, Katrina Maluf
OBJECTIVES: Difficult breastfeeding in the first weeks after birth may result in muscle tension in infants and activation of the maternal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathetic nervous system (SNS). Our primary objective was to examine the feasibility of collecting neuroendocrine markers of maternal HPA axis and SNS activation (salivary cortisol and α-amylase [sAA]) and electromyographic (EMG) markers of infant distress during feeding in the first 2 weeks after birth...
July 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625550/maternal-exposure-to-western-diet-affects-adult-body-composition-and-voluntary-wheel-running-in-a-genotype-specific-manner-in-mice
#3
Layla Hiramatsu, Jarren Kay, Zoe Thompson, Jennifer Singleton, Gerald Claghorn, Ralph Lacerda de Albuquerque, Brittany Ho, Brett Ho, Gabriela Sanchez, Theodore Garland
Some human diseases, including obesity, Type II diabetes, and numerous cancers, are thought to be influenced by environments experienced in early life, including in utero. Maternal diet during the perinatal period may be especially important for adult offspring energy balance, potentially affecting both body composition and physical activity. This effect may be mediated by the genetic background of individuals, including, for example, potential "protective" mechanisms for individuals with inherently high levels of physical activity or high basal metabolic rates...
June 15, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624364/decision-making-in-swiss-home-like-childbirth-a-grounded-theory-study
#4
Yvonne Meyer, Franziska Frank, Franziska Schläppy Muntwyler, Valerie Fleming, Jessica Pehlke-Milde
BACKGROUND: Decision-making in midwifery, including a claim for shared decision-making between midwives and women, is of major significance for the health of mother and child. Midwives have little information about how to share decision-making responsibilities with women, especially when complications arise during birth. AIM: To increase understanding of decision-making in complex home-like birth settings by exploring midwives' and women's perspectives and to develop a dynamic model integrating participatory processes for making shared decisions...
June 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621206/baseline-population-health-conditions-ahead-of-a-health-system-strengthening-program-in-rural-madagascar
#5
Ann C Miller, Ranto H Ramananjato, Andres Garchitorena, Victor R Rabeza, Djordje Gikic, Amber Cripps, Laura Cordier, Hery-Tiana Rahaniraka Razanadrakato, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Lara Hall, Megan Murray, Felicite Safara Razanavololo, Michael L Rich, Matthew H Bonds
BACKGROUND: A model health district was initiated through a program of health system strengthening (HSS) in Ifanadiana District of southeastern Madagascar in 2014. We report population health indicators prior to initiation of the program. METHODS: A representative household survey based on the Demographic Health Survey was conducted using a two-stage cluster sampling design in two strata - the initial program catchment area and the future catchment area. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to compare data by stratum, using appropriate sampling weights...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617244/continuity-of-care-in-infancy-and-early-childhood-health-outcomes
#6
Elizabeth Enlow, Molly Passarella, Scott A Lorch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Continuity of care is a key aspect of the patient-centered medical home and improves pediatric outcomes. Health care reform requires high-quality data to demonstrate its continued value. We hypothesized that increased provider continuity in infancy will reduce urgent health care use and increase receipt of preventive services in early childhood. METHODS: Continuity, using the Usual Provider of Care measure, was calculated across all primary care encounters during the first year of life in a prospectively-constructed cohort of 17 773 infants receiving primary care from birth through 3 years at 30 clinics...
June 15, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616828/perinatal-and-maternal-outcomes-at-term-in-low-risk-pregnancies-according-to-nice-criteria-comparison-between-a-tertiary-obstetrical-hospital-and-midwife-attended-units
#7
Tanja Ignatov, Holm Eggemann, Serban Dan Costa, Atanas Ignatov
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perinatal and maternal outcomes at term at a single tertiary, university hospital in women with low-risk pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with low-risk pregnancies, who delivered at University Women's Hospital Magdeburg between January 2010 and December 2014. Data were compared with data published by Brocklehurst et al. 2011. RESULTS: Of the 6052 women investigated, 2014 were classified as low risk according to the NICE criteria and were eligible for analysis...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611102/effect-on-neonatal-mortality-of-newborn-infection-management-at-health-posts-when-referral-is-not-possible-a-cluster-randomized-trial-in-rural-ethiopia
#8
Tedbabe Degefie Hailegebriel, Brian Mulligan, Simon Cousens, Bereket Mathewos, Steve Wall, Abeba Bekele, Jeanne Russell, Deborah Sitrin, Biruk Tensou, Joy Lawn, Joseph de Graft Johnson, Hailemariam Legesse, Sirak Hailu, Assaye Nigussie, Bogale Worku, Abdullah Baqui
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recently provided guidelines for outpatient treatment of possible severe bacterial infections (PSBI) in young infants, when referral to hospital is not feasible. This study evaluated newborn infection treatment at the most peripheral level of the health system in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: We performed a cluster-randomized trial in 22 geographical clusters (11 allocated to intervention, 11 to control). In both arms, volunteers and government-employed Health Extension Workers (HEWs) conducted home visits to pregnant and newly delivered mothers; assessed newborns; and counseled caregivers on prevention of newborn illness, danger signs, and care seeking...
June 12, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610744/prenatal-manganese-exposure-and-intrinsic-functional-connectivity-of-emotional-brain-areas-in-children
#9
Erik de Water, Erika Proal, Victoria Wang, Sandra Martínez Medina, Lourdes Schnaas, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Robert O Wright, Cheuk Y Tang, Megan K Horton
Manganese (Mn) is an essential trace metal that is neurotoxic at high levels of exposure. Disruption of brain maturation processes during the prenatal period may have lasting consequences. During this critical period, the developing human brain is uniquely vulnerable to exposure to environmental toxicants such as Mn, and prenatal Mn exposure has been associated with changes in brain areas involved in emotion processing and regulation. The goal of the present pilot study was to examine whether prenatal Mn exposure is associated with changes in the intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) of the brain in childhood, focusing on changes in emotional brain areas...
June 10, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606363/patterns-of-calving-and-young-stock-movement-in-ireland-and-their-implications-for-bvd-serosurveillance
#10
Jamie A Tratalos, David A Graham, Simon J More
The Republic of Ireland has a national eradication programme for bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDv) based on tissue-tag testing of calves to identify persistently infected animals (PIs). It has been proposed that serological testing of a sample of home-bred young stock would be a more cost effective surveillance mechanism than continued tissue-tag testing in herds which have previously been found to be BVD-free. These animals would have to be at least 6 months of age to avoid interference from maternal antibodies in test results...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606206/antenatal-depressed-mood-and-child-cognitive-and-physical-growth-at-18-months-in-south-africa-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-home-visiting-by-community-health-workers
#11
M Tomlinson, M J Rotheram-Borus, A Scheffler, I le Roux
AIM: To examine the child outcomes at 18-months post-birth of a population cohort of women with antenatal depressed mood, half of whom were randomly chosen to receive perinatal home visits from community health workers during pregnancy. METHOD: Pregnant women in 24 neighbourhoods (98% participation) were randomised by neighbourhood to: (1) standard clinic care (SC; 12 neighbourhoods; n = 594) or (2) the Philani Intervention Program, a home visiting intervention plus standard care (12 neighbourhoods; n = 644)...
June 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602028/maternal-infant-interaction-as-an-influence-on-infant-adiposity
#12
Elizabeth A Holdsworth, Lawrence M Schell
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research is to identify whether specific aspects of the early life psychosocial environment such as quality of home and maternal-infant interaction are associated with increased infant adiposity, in a disadvantaged population in the United States. METHODS: Data on 121 mother-infant pairs from the Albany Pregnancy and Infancy Lead Study were analyzed using three multiple linear regression models with subscapular skinfold thickness (SST), triceps skinfold thickness (TST), and weight z-scores at 12 months of age as outcome variables...
June 11, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600971/remote-rural-women-s-choice-of-birthplace-and-transfer-experiences-in-rural-otago-and-southland-new-zealand
#13
Jean Patterson, Maralyn Foureur, Joan Skinner
BACKGROUND: Birth in primary midwife-led maternity units has been demonstrated to be a safe choice for well women anticipating a normal birth. The incidence of serious perinatal outcomes for these women is comparable to similarly low risk women, who choose to birth in hospital. New Zealand women have a choice of Lead Maternity Carer (LMC) and birthplace; home, primary birthing unit, or a base hospital, though not all women may have all these choices available locally. Women in rural and rural remote areas can also choose to birth in their rural primary maternity unit...
May 29, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599674/cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-mhealth-intervention-imtecho-to-improve-delivery-of-proven-maternal-neonatal-and-child-care-interventions-through-community-based-accredited-social-health-activists-ashas-by-enhancing-their-motivation-and-strengthening-supervision
#14
Dhiren Modi, Shrey Desai, Kapilkumar Dave, Shobha Shah, Gayatri Desai, Nishith Dholakia, Ravi Gopalan, Pankaj Shah
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the delivery of proven maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) services, a new cadre of village-based frontline workers, called the Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs), was created in 2005 under the aegis of the National Rural Health Mission in India. Evaluations have noted that coverage of selected MNCH services to be delivered by the ASHAs is low. Reasons for low coverage are inadequate supervision and support to ASHAs apart from insufficient skills, poor quality of training, and complexity of tasks to be performed...
June 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597863/perinatal-care-practices-in-home-deliveries-in-rural-bangalore-india-a-community-based-cross-sectional-survey
#15
N Ramakrishna Reddy, C T Sreeramareddy
Background A slowing in the decline in neonatal mortality in India has hindered progress made in reducing overall child mortality. The persisting use of unsafe home deliveries and harmful neonatal care practices may contribute to this stagnation in neonatal mortality rates. Methods A community-based cross-sectional study of mothers residing in rural Bangalore, India, who had given birth within 42 days of the day of home visit was done during 2013-2014. Trained health workers interviewed women who delivered at home about perinatal care practices...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597060/-early-bilateral-nephrectomy-in-neonatal-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-improved-prognosis-or-unnecessary-effort
#16
REVIEW
S Riechardt, M Koch, J Oh, M Fisch
BACKGROUND: Neonatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is associated with giant kidneys, lung hypoplasia, pulmonal hypertension, and end-stage renal failure. Depending on the study, mortality is reported to range between 20 and 80%. OBJECTIVES: Does bilateral nephrectomy improve survival? PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we treated 7 children with prenatally diagnosed ARPKD. All had a planned delivery by cesarean section...
June 8, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595580/planned-home-compared-with-planned-hospital-births-mode-of-delivery-and-perinatal-mortality-rates-an-observational-study
#17
Jacoba van der Kooy, Erwin Birnie, Semiha Denktas, Eric A P Steegers, Gouke J Bonsel
BACKGROUND: To compare the mode of delivery between planned home versus planned hospital births and to determine if differences in intervention rates could be interpreted as over- or undertreatment. METHODS: Intervention and perinatal mortality rates were obtained for 679,952 low-risk women from the Dutch Perinatal Registry (2000-2007). Intervention was defined as operative vaginal delivery and/or caesarean section. Perinatal mortality was defined as the intrapartum and early neonatal mortality rate up to 7 days postpartum...
June 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595320/improvement-in-activities-of-daily-living-among-danish-centenarians
#18
Signe Høi Rasmussen, Mikael Thinggaard, Majken Boris Højgaard, Bernard Jeune, Kaare Christensen, Karen Andersen-Ranberg
Background: With the continued rise in the proportion of the oldest-old in high income countries, it is of interest to know whether the functional health of today's oldest-olds is better or worse than in previous cohorts. Using two Danish centenarian birth cohorts born twenty years apart we aimed at investigating if the later born cohort had better functioning in terms of activities of daily living (ADL). Methods: Identification, methodology and assessment instruments were identical in the 1895-West and 1915-West Birth Cohort Studies: All persons living in the western part of Denmark and turning 100 years old in 1995 and 2015, respectively...
June 8, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594787/measures-taken-to-prevent-zika-virus-infection-during-pregnancy-puerto-rico-2016
#19
Denise V D'Angelo, Beatriz Salvesen von Essen, Mark J Lamias, Holly Shulman, Wanda I Hernandez-Virella, Aspy J Taraporewalla, Manuel I Vargas, Leslie Harrison, Sascha R Ellington, Leslianne Soto, Tanya Williams, Aurea Rodriguez, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Brenda Rivera, Shanna Cox, Karen Pazol, Marion E Rice, Deborah L Dee, Lisa Romero, Eva Lathrop, Wanda Barfield, Ruben A Smith, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein, Carmen Deseda, Lee Warner
Zika virus infection during pregnancy remains a serious health threat in Puerto Rico. Infection during pregnancy can cause microcephaly, brain abnormalities, and other severe birth defects (1). From January 1, 2016 through March 29, 2017, Puerto Rico reported approximately 3,300 pregnant women with laboratory evidence of possible Zika virus infection (2). There is currently no vaccine or intervention to prevent the adverse effects of Zika virus infection during pregnancy; therefore, prevention has been the focus of public health activities, especially for pregnant women (3)...
June 9, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592938/thermal-burn-in-a-30-minute-old-newborn-report-on-the-youngest-patient-with-iatrogenic-burn-injury
#20
L Abboud, G Ghanimeh
Burns in infants are rare. The majority of neonatal burns occur in the hospital setting. The immaturity of their immune system, their fragile and thin skin, difficulties in resuscitation, engraftment paucity limited by donor sites, and long-term complications make taking care of burned newborns extremely difficult. We present the case of a newborn burned 30 minutes after his birth over a total body surface of 35%, when the hot water bottle used in the hospital accidentally burst. This is the earliest iatrogenic burn in a newborn reported to date...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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