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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453749/lifelong-robbery-victimisation-and-mental-disorders-at-age-18-years-brazilian-population-based-study
#1
Joseph Murray, Natália Peixoto Lima, Ana Carolina Oliveira Ruivo, Andrea Ramírez Varela, Caroline Cardozo Bortolotto, Elma Izze da Silva Magalhães, Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Mariana Otero Xavier, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Seena Fazel, Gregore Iven Mielke, Luciana Anselmi, Fernando César Wehrmeister, Helen Gonçalves, Ana Maria Baptista Menezes
PURPOSE: Urban violence is a major problem in Brazil and may contribute to mental disorders among victims. The aim of this study was to assess the association between robbery victimisation and mental health disorders in late adolescence. METHODS: At age 18 years, 4106 participants in the 1993 Pelotas Birth Cohort Study were assessed. A questionnaire about history of robbery victimisation was administered, the Self-Report Questionnaire was used to screen for common mental disorders, and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to assess major depressive disorder and generalised anxiety disorder...
February 17, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452576/assessing-retention-in-care-after-12-months-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-in-rural-rwanda-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Scheilla Bayitondere, Francois Biziyaremye, Catherine M Kirk, Hema Magge, Katrina Hann, Kim Wilson, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Evelyne Shema, David B Tugizimana, Ann C Miller
BACKGROUND: In Africa, a high proportion of children are at risk for developmental delay. Early interventions are known to improve outcomes, but they are not routinely available. The Rwandan Ministry of Health with Partners In Health/Inshuti Mu Buzima created the Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) model for providing interdisciplinary developmental care for high-risk infants in rural settings. As retention for chronic care has proven challenging in many settings, this study assesses factors related to retention to care after 12 months of clinic enrollment...
February 16, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444650/designing-a-behavioral-intervention-using-the-com-b-model-and-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-promote-gas-stove-use-in-rural-guatemala-a-formative-research-study
#3
Lisa M Thompson, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, John R Weinstein, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Three billion people use solid cooking fuels, and 4 million people die from household air pollution annually. Shifting households to clean fuels, like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), may protect health only if stoves are consistently used. Few studies have used an implementation science framework to systematically assess "de-implementation" of traditional stoves, and none have done so with pregnant women who are more likely to adopt new behaviors. We evaluated an introduced LPG stove coupled with a phased behavioral intervention to encourage exclusive gas stove use among pregnant women in rural Guatemala...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443557/adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-among-youths-living-in-group-care-homes-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Roy F Oman, Sara K Vesely, Jennifer Green, Kristen Clements-Nolle, Minggen Lu
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the Power Through Choices (PTC) intervention can increase the use of birth control and reduce pregnancy among system-involved youths living in group care homes. METHODS: We performed a 2-arm cluster randomized controlled trial involving group care homes operated by child welfare or juvenile justice systems in California, Maryland, and Oklahoma with assessments immediately before and after the intervention, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443533/the-effects-of-a-yoga-exercise-and-nutritional-guidance-program-on-pregnancy-outcomes-among-healthy-pregnant-japanese-women-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Masayo Matsuzaki, Momoko Kusaka, Takashi Sugimoto, Mie Shiraishi, Risa Kobayashi, Sachi Watanabe, Megumi Haruna
OBJECTIVES: This report provides an experimental protocol for a study designed to verify the effects of yoga exercise and a nutritional guidance program during pregnancy on several key pregnancy and birth outcomes among Japanese women. DESIGN: This is a study protocol of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING/LOCATION: This intervention will be carried out in a university hospital in Tokyo. SUBJECTS: Healthy primiparous women will be recruited at 18-23 gestational weeks in the hospital...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439923/less-or-more-maternal-requests-that-go-against-medical-advice
#6
Martine Hollander, Lianne Holten, Annemieke Leusink, Jeroen van Dillen, Esteriek de Miranda
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: This study explores the experiences of Dutch midwives and gynaecologists with pregnant women who request more, less or no care during pregnancy and/or childbirth. METHODS: All Dutch midwives and (trainee) gynaecologists were invited to fill out a questionnaire specifically designed for the purposes of this study. Holistic midwives were analysed separately from regular community midwives. FINDINGS: Most maternity care providers in the Netherlands receive requests for less care than recommended at least once a year...
February 10, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438516/are-trained-delivery-assistants-better-than-non-trained-personnel-in-practicing-essential-newborn-care-in-home-deliveries-evidence-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-in-bangladesh
#7
Mohammad Rifat Haider, Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Farahnaz Islam, M Mahmud Khan
Background: In Bangladesh, the neonatal mortality rate has remained relatively high at 23 deaths per 1000 live births. Consistent adoption of essential newborn care (ENC) practices should lower this rate significantly. This study assessed whether the presence of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in home deliveries improved ENC practices in Bangladesh. Methods: Data from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2014 on mothers who reported home birth in the previous 3 y was utilized (n=2761 out of 4904 total births)...
February 9, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438125/presumed-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Cheryl P Z Foo, Jamie A Seabrook, Gurinder Sangha, Jennifer Ruth Foster
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of patients presenting with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: This was a descriptive, retrospective cohort study of all patients from birth to 18 years presenting to the PED of a single center on 16 days distributed over 1 year. The presence of presumed SIRS (pSIRS, defined as noncore temperature measurement and cell count when clinically indicated) and sepsis was determined for all study patients...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436048/home-birth-integration-into-the-health-care-systems-of-eleven-international-jurisdictions
#9
Amanda Comeau, Eileen K Hutton, Julia Simioni, Ella Anvari, Megan Bowen, Samantha Kruegar, Elizabeth K Darling
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to develop assessment criteria that could be used to examine the level of integration of home birth within larger health care systems in developed countries across 11 international jurisdictions. METHODS: An expert panel developed criteria and a definition to assess home birth integration within health care systems. We selected jurisdictions based on the publications that were eligible for inclusion in our systematic review and meta-analysis on planned place of birth...
February 13, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435357/right-from-the-start-protocol-for-a-pilot-study-for-a-randomised-trial-of-the-new-baby-programme-for-improving-outcomes-for-children-born-to-socially-vulnerable-mothers
#10
Geraldine Macdonald, Fiona Alderdice, Mike Clarke, Oliver Perra, Fiona Lynn, Theresa McShane, Sharon Millen
Background: Children born to mothers who experience social complexity (e.g. substance misuse, intimate partner violence, mental ill health, a history of maltreatment) are at increased risk for a range of adverse outcomes at birth and during development. Home visiting programmes have been advocated as a strategy for improving outcomes for disadvantaged mothers and children, such as the Nurse-Family Partnership for young, socially disadvantaged first-time mothers. However, no evidence-based programme is available for multiparous women or older first-time mothers...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431692/development-of-asthma-in-inner-city-children-possible-roles-of-mait-cells-and-variation-in-the-home-environment
#11
Shilpi Chandra, Gerhard Wingender, Jason A Greenbaum, Archana Khurana, Amin M Gholami, Anusha-Preethi Ganesan, Michael Rosenbach, Katy Jaffee, James E Gern, Robert Wood, George O'Connor, Megan Sandel, Meyer Kattan, Leonard Bacharier, Alkis Togias, Anthony A Horner, Mitchell Kronenberg
Humans have populations of innate-like T lymphocytes with an invariant TCR α-chain that recognize nonpeptide Ags, including invariant NKT (iNKT) cells and mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells. iNKT cell involvement in human asthma is controversial, whereas there has been little analysis of MAIT cells. Using peripheral blood cells from 110 participants from the Urban Environment and Childhood Asthma (URECA) birth cohort study, these cells were analyzed for number and function. We determined whether iNKT cell or MAIT cell frequency at 1 y is correlated with the cytokine polarization of mainstream CD4+ T cells and/or the development of asthma by age 7 y...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427018/advancing-survival-in-nigeria-a-pre-post-evaluation-of-an-integrated-maternal-and-neonatal-health-program
#12
Nancy L Sloan, Andrew Storey, Olufunke Fasawe, Jamila Yakubu, Kelly McCrystal, Owens Wiwa, Lene Jeanette Lothe, Mari Grepstad
Introduction Nigeria contributes more obstetric, postpartum and neonatal deaths and stillbirths globally than any other country. The Clinton Health Access Initiative in partnership with the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health and the state Governments of Kano, Katsina, and Kaduna implemented an integrated Maternal and Neonatal Health program from July 2014. Up to 90% women deliver at home in Northern Nigeria, where maternal mortality ratio and neonatal mortality rates (MMR and NMR) are high and severe challenges to improving survival exist...
February 9, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423189/early-neonatal-mortality-in-twin-pregnancy-findings-from-60-low-and-middle-income-countries
#13
Saverio Bellizzi, Howard Sobel, Ana Pilar Betran, Marleen Temmerman
Background: Around the world, the incidence of multiple pregnancies reaches its peak in the Central African countries and often represents an increased risk of death for women and children because of higher rates of obstetrical complications and poor management skills in those countries. We sought to assess the association between twins and early neonatal mortality compared with singleton pregnancies. We also assessed the role of skilled birth attendant and mode of delivery on early neonatal mortality in twin pregnancies...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421641/improving-the-quality-and-content-of-midwives-discussions-with-low-risk-women-about-their-options-for-place-of-birth-co-production-and-evaluation-of-an-intervention-package
#14
Catherine Henshall, Beck Taylor, Laura Goodwin, Albert Farre, Miss Eleanor Jones, Sara Kenyon
OBJECTIVE: Women's planned place of birth is gaining increasing importance in the UK, however evidence suggests that there is variation in the content of community midwives' discussions with low risk women about their place of birth options. The objective of this study was to develop an intervention to improve the quality and content of place of birth discussions between midwives and low-risk women and to evaluate this intervention in practice. DESIGN: The study design comprised of three stages: (1) The first stage included focus groups with midwives to explore the barriers to carrying out place of birth discussions with women...
January 31, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420848/why-do-children-with-severe-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-not-attend-neonatal-follow-up-care-parental-views-of-barriers
#15
Jennifer M Brady, Nicole Pouppirt, Judy Bernbaum, Jo Ann D'Agostino, Marsha Gerdes, Casey Hoffman, Noah Cook, Hallam Hurt, Haresh Kirpalani, Sara B DeMauro
AIM: To assess in children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia at a corrected age of 18-36 months: 1)Neonatal follow-up clinic attendance rates; 2)Parent-identified reasons for difficulty attending neonatal follow-up. METHODS: Mixed methods study utilizing semi-structured phone interviews with parents of infants eligible for follow-up with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (defined as gestational age <32 weeks and requiring ≥30% FiO2 and/or > two liters nasal cannula at 36 weeks postmenstrual age) at 18-36 months corrected age...
February 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416223/pregnacy-and-delivery-in-a-patient-after-tetralogy-of-fallot-surgery-being-undergone
#16
Anis Cerovac, Dzenita Ljuca, Bedreldin Khodary, Gordana Grgic
Aim: The aim of the paper is to present the risk of pregnancy for mother and her child in a young patient who had a surgery to repair Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF), who gave a birth to her firstborn by having a cesarean section. Case report: 23 years old patient, in 28 weeks of pregnancy was admitted to the clinic due to her medical record. She did not have any subjective complaints. She had two surgeries to repair ToF. After the surgery, she had residual ventricular septal defect (VSD)...
February 2018: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415011/piloting-very-early-infant-diagnosis-of-hiv-in-lesotho-acceptability-and-feasibility-among-mothers-health-workers-and-laboratory-personnel
#17
Michelle M Gill, Lynne M Mofenson, Mamakhetha Phalatse, Vincent Tukei, Laura Guay, Matsepeli Nchephe
INTRODUCTION: Mortality associated with in-utero HIV infection rises rapidly within weeks after birth. Very early infant diagnosis of HIV (VEID)-testing within 2 weeks of birth-followed by immediate initiation of antiretroviral therapy has potential to avert mortality associated with in-utero transmission. However, our understanding of acceptability and feasibility of VEID is limited. METHODS: VEID was piloted in an observational prospective cohort of HIV-positive pregnant women and their infants in 13 Lesotho health facilities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413138/mitigating-the-effect-of-persistent-postnatal-depression-on-child-outcomes-through-an-intervention-to-treat-depression-and-improve-parenting-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Alan Stein, Elena Netsi, Peter J Lawrence, Charlotte Granger, Claire Kempton, Michelle G Craske, Alecia Nickless, Jill Mollison, D Anne Stewart, Elizabeth Rapa, Valerie West, Gaia Scerif, Peter J Cooper, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Maternal postnatal depression occurs following 10-15% of births and is associated with a range of negative child outcomes. Risks to children are particularly increased when postnatal depression is persistent. We aimed to examine whether a parenting video-feedback therapy (VFT) intervention versus a control treatment of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR), both added to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for persistent postnatal depression, would lead to improved child outcomes at age 2 years...
February 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412425/first-postpartum-home-visit-a-protective-strategy-for-exclusive-breastfeeding
#19
Maria José Laurentina do Nascimento Carvalho, Michelle Figueiredo Carvalho, Carlos Renato Dos Santos, Paula Thianara de Freitas Santos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of the first postpartum visit, family income, pacifier habit, number of siblings and birth weight on the maintenance of exclusive breastfeeding in infants aged one week up to six months. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, data were collected through a survey, which included social and demographic characteristics of the families and the breastfeeding practice in children aged one week to six months, who received care at family health units in the municipality of Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco, Northeast Brazil, between December 2014 and February 2015...
January 15, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412415/factors-associated-with-submission-to-hiv-rapid-test-in-childbirth-care
#20
Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, Katia Silveira da Silva, Daniela Marcondes Gomes
Rapid HIV tests are used in maternity hospitals to prevent mother-to-child transmission. This study aimed to analyze factors associated with submission to the rapid HIV test (outcome). This is a cross-sectional study conducted in 2009 in 15 hospitals from the Rio de Janeiro's Unified Health System (SUS) by interviewing a representative sample of 835 pregnant women hospitalized for birth and by verifying medical records. Adjusted prevalence ratios were obtained by Poisson regression according to a hierarchical model, and variables associated with the outcome (p ≤ 0...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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