keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuroethics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509128/the-effects-of-closed-loop-brain-implants-on-autonomy-and-deliberation-what-are-the-risks-of-being-kept-in-the-loop
#1
Frederic Gilbert, Terence O'Brien, Mark Cook
Neuroethics Now welcomes articles addressing the ethical application of neuroscience in research and patient care, as well as its impact on society.
April 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403383/how-realistic-are-the-scientific-assumptions-of-the-neuroenhancement-debate-assessing-the-pharmacological-optimism-and-neuroenhancement-prevalence-hypotheses
#2
Stephan Schleim, Boris B Quednow
Since two decades, neuroenhancement is a major topic in neuroethics and still receives much attention in the scholarly literature as well as in public media. In contrast to high hopes at the beginning of the "Decade of the Brain" in the United States and Europe that we subsume under the "pharmacological optimism hypothesis," recent evidence from clinical neuroscience suggests that developing drugs that make healthy people smarter is even more difficult than finding new treatments for patients with mental disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393694/rights-language-and-disorders-of-consciousness-a-call-for-advocacy
#3
Joseph J Fins, Megan S Wright
Drawing upon sources in neuroethics, civil rights, and disability rights law, we argue for the reintegration of people with severe brain injury back into the nexus of their families and communities consistent with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Disabled, both of which call for the maximal integration of people with disability into society. To this end, we offer a rights-based argument to address the care of people with severe brain injury. Instead of viewing the provision of rehabilitation as a reimbursement issue, which it surely is, we argue that it can be productively understood as a question of civil rights for a population generally segregated from the medical mainstream and from society itself...
February 2, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209187/the-utility-and-use-of-neurotechnology-to-recover-consciousness-technical-and-neuroethical-considerations-in-approaching-the-hard-question-of-neuroscience
#4
Kathinka Evers, James J Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197423/amnestic-mci-patients-experiences-after-disclosure-of-their-amyloid-pet-result-in-a-research-context
#5
Gwendolien Vanderschaeghe, Jolien Schaeverbeke, Rose Bruffaerts, Rik Vandenberghe, Kris Dierickx
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers such as amyloid imaging are increasingly used for diagnosis in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Very few studies have examined this from the perspective of the patient. To date, there is only limited evidence about how patients experience and value disclosure in an early disease stage. METHODS: Semistructured interviews were carried out with 38 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment as part of an investigator-driven diagnostic trial (EudraCT, 2013-004671-12; registered on 20 June 2014) in which participants could opt to know the binary outcome (positive/negative) result of their amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) scan...
December 2, 2017: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160331/primum-non-nocere-or-primum-facere-meliorem-hacking-the-brain-in-the-21st-century
#6
Lucas Borrione, Andre R Brunoni
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique that modulates cortical excitability. It is devoid of serious adverse events and exerts variable effects on cognition, with several research findings suggesting that it can improve memory, verbal and mathematical skills. Because tDCS devices are low-cost, portable and relatively easy to assemble, they have become available outside of the medical setting and used for non-medical ("cosmetic") purposes by laypersons...
October 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110730/a-meta-science-for-a-global-bioethics-and-biomedicine
#7
David S Basser
BACKGROUND: As suggested by Shook and Giordano, understanding and therefore addressing the urgent international governance issues around globalizing bio-medical/technology research and applications is limited by the perception of the underlying science. METHODS: A philosophical methodology is used, based on novel and classical philosophical reflection upon existent literature, clinical wisdoms and narrative theory to discover a meta-science and telos of humankind for the development of a relevant and defendable global biomedical bioethics...
November 7, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063745/neurosurgery-and-neuroethics
#8
Angelo Lavano, Giusy Guzzi, Giuseppe Donato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937341/pesticides
#9
Laura Y Cabrera
There is growing evidence about the influence of chemical exposures on specific molecular systems and mechanisms involved in cognitive and mental function. Evidence is also emerging about the negative impact of these chemical exposures on mental health, including depression, suicide, and other risks. Despite the growing appreciation of these factors, however, little attention has been paid to the ethical and social implications of their interactions. Drawing on recent work that argues for an environmental neuroethics approach that explicitly brings together ethics, environment, and conditions of the central nervous system, this article focuses on these critical issues for pesticides specifically...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937340/research-domain-criteria-as-psychiatric-nosology
#10
Faisal Akram, James Giordano
Diagnostic classification systems in psychiatry have continued to rely on clinical phenomenology, despite limitations inherent in that approach. In view of these limitations and recent progress in neuroscience, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has initiated the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project to develop a more neuroscientifically based system of characterizing and classifying psychiatric disorders. The RDoC initiative aims to transform psychiatry into an integrative science of psychopathology in which mental illnesses will be defined as involving putative dysfunctions in neural nodes and networks...
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937336/neuroethics
#11
Thomasine Kushner, James Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829259/environmental-neuroethics-bridging-environmental-ethics-and-mental-health
#12
Adam J Shriver, Laura Y Cabrera, Judy Illes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659145/erratum-to-a-four-part-working-bibliography-of-neuroethics-part-4-ethical-issues-in-clinical-and-social-applications-of-neuroscience
#13
Kira Becker, John R Shook, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569221/a-four-part-working-bibliography-of-neuroethics-part-4-ethical-issues-in-clinical-and-social-applications-of-neuroscience
#14
EDITORIAL
Kira Becker, John R Shook, Martina Darragh, James Giordano
BACKGROUND: As a discipline, neuroethics addresses a range of questions and issues generated by basic neuroscientific research (inclusive of studies of putative neurobiological processes involved in moral and ethical cognition and behavior), and its use and meanings in the clinical and social spheres. Here, we present Part 4 of a four-part bibliography of the neuroethics literature focusing on clinical and social applications of neuroscience, to include: the treatment-enhancement discourse; issues arising in neurology, psychiatry, and pain care; neuroethics education and training; neuroethics and the law; neuroethics and policy and political issues; international neuroethics; and discourses addressing "trans-" and "post-" humanity...
May 31, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527211/alzheimer-s-disease-in-the-latino-community-intersection-of-genetics-and-social-determinants-of-health
#15
Irving E Vega, Laura Y Cabrera, Cassandra M Wygant, Daniel Velez-Ortiz, Scott E Counts
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia among individuals 65 or older. There are more than 5 million diagnosed cases in the US alone and this number is expected to triple by 2050. Therefore, AD has reached epidemic proportions with significant socioeconomic implications. While aging in general is the greatest risk factor for AD, several additional demographic factors that have contributed to the rise in AD in the US are under study. One such factor is associated with the relatively fast growth of the Latino population...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503835/neuroethics-neuroscience-s-contributions-to-bioethics
#16
EDITORIAL
Veljko Dubljević, Ralf J Jox, Eric Racine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503831/can-neuroscience-contribute-to-practical-ethics-a-critical-review-and-discussion-of-the-methodological-and-translational-challenges-of-the-neuroscience-of-ethics
#17
Eric Racine, Veljko Dubljević, Ralf J Jox, Bernard Baertschi, Julia F Christensen, Michele Farisco, Fabrice Jotterand, Guy Kahane, Sabine Müller
Neuroethics is an interdisciplinary field that arose in response to novel ethical challenges posed by advances in neuroscience. Historically, neuroethics has provided an opportunity to synergize different disciplines, notably proposing a two-way dialogue between an 'ethics of neuroscience' and a 'neuroscience of ethics'. However, questions surface as to whether a 'neuroscience of ethics' is a useful and unified branch of research and whether it can actually inform or lead to theoretical insights and transferable practical knowledge to help resolve ethical questions...
June 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381924/we-must-invest-in-applied-knowledge-of-computational-neurosciences-and-neuroinformatics-as-an-important-future-in-malaysia-the-malaysian-brain-mapping-project
#18
EDITORIAL
Putra Sumari, Zamzuri Idris, Jafri Malin Abdullah
The Academy of Sciences Malaysia and the Malaysian Industry-Government group for High Technology has been working hard to project the future of big data and neurotechnology usage up to the year 2050. On the 19 September 2016, the International Brain Initiative was announced by US Under Secretary of State Thomas Shannon at a meeting that accompanied the United Nations' General Assembly in New York City. This initiative was seen as an important effort but deemed costly for developing countries. At a concurrent meeting hosted by the US National Science Foundation at Rockefeller University, numerous countries discussed this massive project, which would require genuine collaboration between investigators in the realms of neuroethics...
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373849/deep-brain-stimulation-in-anorexia-nervosa-hope-for-the-hopeless-or-exploitation-of-the-vulnerable-the-oxford-neuroethics-gold-standard-framework
#19
Rebecca J Park, Ilina Singh, Alexandra C Pike, Jacinta O A Tan
Neurosurgical interventions for psychiatric disorders have a long and troubled history (1, 2) but have become much more refined in the last few decades due to the rapid development of neuroimaging and robotic technologies (2). These advances have enabled the design of less invasive techniques, which are more focused, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) (3). DBS involves electrode insertion into specific neural targets implicated in pathological behavior, which are then repeatedly stimulated at adjustable frequencies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184204/neuroscience-of-childhood-poverty-evidence-of-impacts-and-mechanisms-as-vehicles-of-dialog-with-ethics
#20
Sebastián J Lipina, Kathinka Evers
Several studies have identified associations between poverty and development of self-regulation during childhood, which is broadly defined as those skills involved in cognitive, emotional, and stress self-regulation. These skills are influenced by different individual and contextual factors at multiple levels of analysis (i.e., individual, family, social, and cultural). Available evidence suggests that the influences of those biological, psychosocial, and sociocultural factors on emotional and cognitive development can vary according to the type, number, accumulation of risks, and co-occurrence of adverse circumstances that are related to poverty, the time in which these factors exert their influences, and the individual susceptibility to them...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
19606
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"