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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723228/thermal-processing-of-live-bivalve-molluscs-for-controlling-viruses-on-the-need-for-a-risk-based-design
#1
Winy Messens, Pablo S Fernandez-Escamez, David Lees, Roland Lindqvist, Michael O'Mahony, Elisabetta Suffredini, José Cortiñas Abrahantes, Emmanouil Chantzis, Kostas Koutsoumanis
Norovirus (NoV) and Hepatitis A virus (HAV) are the most important viral hazards associated with human illness following consumption of contaminated bivalve molluscs. The effectiveness of the current EU criteria for heat processing of bivalve molluscs (i.e. raising the temperature of the internal mollusc flesh to at least 90°C for a minimum of 90 seconds) was evaluated using predictive microbiology. A HAV thermal inactivation model was developed based on literature data in mollusc matrices during isothermal heat treatment...
July 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701098/-ait-adolescent-identity-treatment-an-integrative-treatment-model-for-the-treatment-of-personality-disorders
#2
Susanne Schlüter-Müller
AIT (Adolescent Identity Treatment) - an Integrative Treatment Model for the Treatment of Personality Disorders Personality disorders are patterns of maladaptive personality traits that have an impact on the individual throughout the life span. Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a very severe, but treatable mental disorder. Identity disturbance is seen as the central construct for detecting severe personality pathology - and, most notably, borderline personality disorder - in adults and adolescents. Crises in the development of identity usually resolve into a normal and consolidated identity with flexible and adaptive functioning whereas identity diffusion is viewed as a lack of integration of the concept of the self and significant others...
July 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676268/a-short-cut-to-the-past-cueing-via-concrete-objects-improves-autobiographical-memory-retrieval-in-alzheimer-s-disease-patients
#3
Marie Kirk, Dorthe Berntsen
Older adults diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD) have difficulties accessing autobiographical memories. However, this deficit tends to spare memories dated to earlier parts of their lives, and may partially reflect retrieval deficits rather than complete memory loss. Introducing a novel paradigm, the present study examines whether autobiographical memory recall can be improved in AD by manipulating the sensory richness, concreteness and cultural dating of the memory cues. Specifically, we examine whether concrete everyday objects historically dated to the participants' youth (e...
July 1, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659836/a-deficit-in-movement-derived-sentences-in-german-speaking-hearing-impaired-children
#4
Esther Ruigendijk, Naama Friedmann
Children with hearing impairment (HI) show disorders in syntax and morphology. The question is whether and how these disorders are connected to problems in the auditory domain. The aim of this paper is to examine whether moderate to severe hearing loss at a young age affects the ability of German-speaking orally trained children to understand and produce sentences. We focused on sentence structures that are derived by syntactic movement, which have been identified as a sensitive marker for syntactic impairment in other languages and in other populations with syntactic impairment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644680/exploring-the-factor-structure-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-global-rating-method-support-for-two-and-three-factor-models
#5
Caleb J Siefert, Michelle Stein, Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, Greg Haggerty, Samuel J Sinclair, Danielle Funke, Mark A Blais
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scales-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G) contains 8 scales for coding narrative content. This study explores the factor structure of this measure using college (n = 171), outpatient (n = 239), and inpatient (n = 78) samples. Participants told stories to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT; Murray, 1943) cards. Stories were transcribed and coded by blind raters using the SCORS-G. Cases were randomly assigned to an exploratory or validation group. Exploratory factor analysis with the exploratory group suggested 2- and 3-factor models...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628954/a-comparative-look-at-intersubjective-and-object-relational-approaches-to-clinical-material
#6
Sidney H Phillips
The Search for a Relational Home: An Intersubjective View of Therapeutic Action. By Chris Jaenicke. London/New York: Routledge, 2015. 100 pp.
April 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618886/emotional-sequelae-of-elective-abortion-the-role-of-guilt-and-shame
#7
Donna Krupkin Whitney
Although estimates vary, many women experience long-term emotional, spiritual, psychological and interpersonal difficulties following abortion, including complicated grief, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and relationship disturbances. Developmental, drive, object-relations and narcissism models for perinatal loss also illuminate the dynamics of post-abortion syndromes. Guilt and shame play important roles in generating and concealing post-abortion sequelae. Pastoral care and healthcare providers can increase their awareness of post-abortion sequelae and provide effective care for women experiencing these syndromes...
June 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606194/four-year-old-cantonese-speaking-children-s-online-processing-of-relative-clauses-a-permutation-analysis
#8
Angel Chan, Wenchun Yang, Franklin Chang, Evan Kidd
We report on an eye-tracking study that investigated four-year-old Cantonese-speaking children's online processing of subject and object relative clauses (RCs). Children's eye-movements were recorded as they listened to RC structures identifying a unique referent (e.g. "Can you pick up the horse that pushed the pig?"). Two RC types, classifier (CL) and ge3 RCs, were tested in a between-participants design. The two RC types differ in their syntactic analyses and frequency of occurrence, providing an important point of comparison for theories of RC acquisition and processing...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602655/attention-robustly-gates-a-closed-loop-touch-reflex
#9
Dana Sherman, Tess Oram, David Harel, Ehud Ahissar
Rats' large whiskers (macrovibrissae) are used to explore their nearby environment, typically using repetitive protraction-retraction "whisking" motions that are coordinated with head and body movements [1-8]. Once objects are detected, the rat can further explore the object tactually by using both the macrovibrissae and an array of shorter, stationary microvibrissae on the chin, as well as by using the lips [9-11]. When touch occurs during whisking, a fast reflexive response, termed a touch-induced pump (TIP), may be triggered...
June 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582917/potential-for-false-positive-results-from-multi-voxel-pattern-analysis-on-functional-imaging-data
#10
Zuo Zhang, Youhao Jiang, Yaoru Sun, Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Multi-voxel pattern analysis (MVPA) provides a powerful tool to investigate neural mechanisms for various cognitive processes under functional brain imaging. However, the high sensitivity of the MVPA method could bring about false positive results, which has been overlooked by previous research. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the potential for obtaining false positives from the MVPA method. METHODS: We conducted MVPA on a public functional MRI dataset on the neural encoding of various object categories...
May 26, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578869/social-interaction-facilitates-word-learning-in-preverbal-infants-word-object-mapping-and-word-segmentation
#11
Yoko Hakuno, Takahide Omori, Jun-Ichi Yamamoto, Yasuyo Minagawa
In natural settings, infants learn spoken language with the aid of a caregiver who explicitly provides social signals. Although previous studies have demonstrated that young infants are sensitive to these signals that facilitate language development, the impact of real-life interactions on early word segmentation and word-object mapping remains elusive. We tested whether infants aged 5-6 months and 9-10 months could segment a word from continuous speech and acquire a word-object relation in an ecologically valid setting...
August 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559874/editorial-infants-understanding-and-production-of-goal-directed-actions-in-the-context-of-social-and-object-related-interactions
#12
EDITORIAL
Daniela Corbetta, Jacqueline Fagard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555104/tdcs-over-the-motor-cortex-shows-differential-effects-on-action-and-object-words-in-associative-word-learning-in-healthy-aging
#13
Meret Branscheidt, Julia Hoppe, Nils Freundlieb, Pienie Zwitserlood, Gianpiero Liuzzi
Healthy aging is accompanied by a continuous decline in cognitive functions. For example, the ability to learn languages decreases with age, while the neurobiological underpinnings for the decline in learning abilities are not known exactly. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), in combination with appropriate experimental paradigms, is a well-established technique to investigate the mechanisms of learning. Based on previous results in young adults, we tested the suitability of an associative learning paradigm for the acquisition of action- and object-related words in a cohort of older participants...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539910/the-role-of-emotional-landmarks-on-topographical-memory
#14
Massimiliano Palmiero, Laura Piccardi
The investigation of the role of emotional landmarks on human navigation has been almost totally neglected in psychological research. Therefore, the extent to which positive and negative emotional landmarks affect topographical memory as compared to neutral emotional landmark was explored. Positive, negative and neutral affect-laden images were selected as landmarks from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) Inventory. The Walking Corsi test (WalCT) was used in order to test the landmark-based topographical memory...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533080/influenza-vaccination-for-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-implications-for-pharmacists
#15
Rasha M Arabyat, Dennis W Raisch, Ludmila Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: Influenza virus is responsible for substantial morbidity and mortality. Specific populations are at higher risk for exacerbations from influenza virus, such as patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Influenza vaccination coverage among COPD patients is low. Pharmacists can improve influenza vaccination among COPD patients by recognizing factors that influence vaccination and addressing these factors. OBJECTIVES: To (1) determine the recent influenza vaccination coverage among patients with COPD, (2) identify factors that were associated with immunization, and (3) interpret the results based upon Andersen's healthcare utilization model...
February 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528512/working-memory-in-the-processing-of-long-distance-dependencies-interference-and-filler-maintenance
#16
Tal Ness, Aya Meltzer-Asscher
During the temporal delay between the filler and gap sites in long-distance dependencies, the "active filler" strategy can be implemented in two ways: the filler phrase can be actively maintained in working memory ("maintenance account"), or it can be retrieved only when the parser posits a gap ("retrieval account"). The current study tested whether filler content is maintained during the processing of dependencies. Using a self-paced reading paradigm, we compared reading times on a noun phrase (NP) between the filler and gap sites in object relative clauses, to reading times on an NP between the antecedent and ellipsis sites in ellipsis sentences...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507127/development-of-visual-category-selectivity-in-ventral-visual-cortex-does-not-require-visual-experience
#17
Job van den Hurk, Marc Van Baelen, Hans P Op de Beeck
To what extent does functional brain organization rely on sensory input? Here, we show that for the penultimate visual-processing region, ventral-temporal cortex (VTC), visual experience is not the origin of its fundamental organizational property, category selectivity. In the fMRI study reported here, we presented 14 congenitally blind participants with face-, body-, scene-, and object-related natural sounds and presented 20 healthy controls with both auditory and visual stimuli from these categories. Using macroanatomical alignment, response mapping, and surface-based multivoxel pattern analysis, we demonstrated that VTC in blind individuals shows robust discriminatory responses elicited by the four categories and that these patterns of activity in blind subjects could successfully predict the visual categories in sighted controls...
May 30, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458748/resolving-conflicts-between-syntax-and-plausibility-in-sentence-comprehension
#18
Glenda Andrews, Jessica E Ogden, Graeme S Halford
Comprehension of plausible and implausible object- and subject-relative clause sentences with and without prepositional phrases was examined. Undergraduates read each sentence then evaluated a statement as consistent or inconsistent with the sentence. Higher acceptance of consistent than inconsistent statements indicated reliance on syntactic analysis. Higher acceptance of plausible than implausible statements reflected reliance on semantic plausibility. There was greater reliance on semantic plausibility and lesser reliance on syntactic analysis for more complex object-relatives and sentences with prepositional phrases than for less complex subject-relatives and sentences without prepositional phrases...
2017: Advances in Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423306/disclosure-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infection-and-condom-use-at-first-sex-after-diagnosis-a-study-of-young-black-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#19
Richard A Crosby, Leandro Mena, Trisha Arnold
Background: The first purpose of the present study was to determine whether young Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) disclose their newly diagnosed HIV infection to a male or female partner, and to determine whether this disclosure is related to condom use; the second was to identify correlates of disclosing newly diagnosed HIV infection to male sex partners, including a measure of partner-related barriers to condom use. Methods: A sample of 125 HIV-infected YBMSM (age 15-29 years) provided cross-sectional data used for both study purposes...
April 20, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419671/pediatric-oral-injuries-presented-to-a-japanese-pediatric-emergency-room
#20
Nobuaki Inoue
BACKGROUND: Oral injuries are common among children, but the study comparing oral injuries between oral injuries with foreign objects in children's mouth and without objects is limited. The aim of this study is to compare injury patterns and their effects to children who presented to a Japanese pediatric emergency room (ER) with and without foreign objects in their mouth. METHODS: Children who were brought to the emergency room in Tokyo Metropolitan Medical Center for oral injuries from January 1(st) , 2011 to December 31(st) , 2012, were included...
April 17, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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