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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457575/testing-the-effect-of-an-arbitrary-subject-pronoun-on-relative-clause-comprehension-a-study-with-hebrew-speaking-children
#1
Yair Haendler, Flavia Adani
Previous studies have found that Hebrew-speaking children accurately comprehend object relatives (OR) with an embedded non-referential arbitrary subject pronoun (ASP). The facilitation of ORs with embedded pronouns is expected both from a discourse-pragmatics perspective and within a syntax-based locality approach. However, the specific effect of ASP might also be driven by a mismatch in grammatical features between the head noun and the pronoun, or by its relatively undemanding referential properties. We tested these possibilities by comparing ORs whose embedded subject is either ASP, a referential pronoun, or a lexical noun phrase...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451826/flexibility-and-rigidity-in-object-relational-functioning-assessing-change-in-suicidal-ideation-and-global-psychiatric-functioning-using-the-scors-g
#2
A Jill Clemence, Katie Lewis
The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995 ) has been widely used as an assessment measure of object relational functioning across a number of stimuli. This study used the SCORS-G to investigate associations between global impairments and rigidity in quality of object relations with changes in suicidal ideation and psychiatric functioning over time. Participant narratives describing actual interpersonal experiences were collected using the Relationship Anecdote Paradigm (Luborsky, 1998 ) from a sample of individuals diagnosed with complex psychopathology completing residential psychiatric treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451825/introduction-to-the-special-section-on-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-scale-global-rating-method-from-research-to-practice
#3
Michelle B Stein, Caleb J Siefert
There continues to be a need in the field of psychology for measures that quantify qualitative data in dynamically rich and clinically meaningful ways. The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Westen, 1995) is a clinician-rated measure with a strong theoretical foundation that assesses sophisticated underlying constructs, specifically 8 dimensions of object relations (Stein & Slavin-Mulford, 2018 ). The SCORS-G has steadily increased in popularity and this special section of the Journal of Personality Assessment reflects this growing interest...
March 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426999/addressing-moderate-interpersonal-hatred-before-addressing-forgiveness-in-psychotherapy-and-counseling-a-proposed-model
#4
Paul C Vitz
This paper addresses the problem of pressure on a person to forgive that often makes forgiveness impossible or superficial. It proposes that clients who are unwilling or unable to forgive can still be encouraged to let go of interpersonal hatred because it is psychologically harmful to them. The issue of forgiving the person toward whom the hatred is directed can be treated more easily later, after the hatred has been removed or at least much reduced. The present theoretical approach distinguishes between anger and hatred; it provides a brief understanding of the origin of hatred from an object relations perspective with a focus on splitting...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422684/somatic-countertransference-as-evidence-of-adhesive-identification-in-a-severely-traumatized-woman
#5
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper discusses the use of somatic countertransference as a means of learning about the patient, about projective and adhesive identification and about the object relating nature of the most traumatized and withdrawn part of the personality. It assumes an elemental knowledge of British Object Relations and uses clinical material to illustrate the hypotheses that somatic countertransference is an indicator of a very elemental communication occurring from the aspect of the psyche that is united in a body mind or mind body...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403414/encoding-and-retrieval-interference-in-sentence-comprehension-evidence-from-agreement
#6
Sandra Villata, Whitney Tabor, Julie Franck
Long-distance verb-argument dependencies generally require the integration of a fronted argument when the verb is encountered for sentence interpretation. Under a parsing model that handles long-distance dependencies through a cue-based retrieval mechanism, retrieval is hampered when retrieval cues also resonate with non-target elements (retrieval interference). However, similarity-based interference may also stem from interference arising during the encoding of elements in memory (encoding interference), an effect that is not directly accountable for by a cue-based retrieval mechanism...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388809/developmental-contributions-to-emotional-awareness
#7
Ryan Smith, Donald Quinlan, Gary E Schwartz, Anna Sanova, Anna Alkozei, Richard D Lane
The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) has received considerable support as a reliable and valid measure of individual differences in emotional awareness (EA) since the original report involving 40 participants (Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker, & Zeitlin, 1990 ). However, the hypothesized developmental nature of EA (conceptualized as a cognitive skill) has thus far only been examined in that 1 early study. Here we report multiple regression analyses on the entire sample of 94 participants who completed the LEAS as part of that original study, as well as the same developmental and affective measures used in the original report...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356427/a-computational-investigation-of-sources-of-variability-in-sentence-comprehension-difficulty-in-aphasia
#8
Paul Mätzig, Shravan Vasishth, Felix Engelmann, David Caplan, Frank Burchert
We present a computational evaluation of three hypotheses about sources of deficit in sentence comprehension in aphasia: slowed processing, intermittent deficiency, and resource reduction. The ACT-R based Lewis and Vasishth (2005) model is used to implement these three proposals. Slowed processing is implemented as slowed execution time of parse steps; intermittent deficiency as increased random noise in activation of elements in memory; and resource reduction as reduced spreading activation. As data, we considered subject vs...
January 22, 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355982/ipad-applications-that-required-a-range-of-motor-skills-promoted-motor-coordination-in-children-commencing-primary-school
#9
Caitlin Axford, Annette V Joosten, Courtenay Harris
BACKGROUND/AIM: Children are reported to spend less time engaged in outdoor activity and object-related play than in the past. The increased use and mobility of technology, and the ease of use of tablet devices are some of the factors that have contributed to these changes. Concern has been raised that the use of such screen and surface devices in very young children is reducing their fine motor skill development. We examined the effectiveness of iPad applications that required specific motor skills designed to improve fine motor skills...
January 21, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308049/bilingual-deaf-readers-use-of-semantic-and-syntactic-cues-in-the-processing-of-english-relative-clauses
#10
Pilar Piñar, Matthew T Carlson, Jill P Morford, Paola E Dussias
Eye fixation measures were used to examine English relative clause processing by adult ASL-English bilingual deaf readers. Participants processed subject relative clauses faster than object relative clauses, but expected animacy cues eliminated processing difficulty in object relative clauses. This brings into question previous claims that deaf readers' sentence processing strategies are qualitatively different from those of hearing English native speakers. Measures of English comprehension predicted reading speed, but not differences in syntactic processing...
November 2017: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239627/clinical-severity-as-a-moderator-of-outcome-in-psychodynamic-and-dialectical-behavior-therapies-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Zeynep Sahin, Bo Vinnars, Bernard S Gorman, Alexander Wilczek, Marie Åsberg, Jacques P Barber
The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of initial level of psychiatric severity on treatment outcome in psychodynamic therapy and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder (BPD). It was hypothesized that DBT would lead to better outcome for patients with high psychiatric severity, whereas dynamic treatment would lead to better outcome for patients with lower psychiatric severity. Data from the 5th-year follow-up of the Stockholm City Council's and the Karolinska Institute's Psychotherapy Project were used in the present study...
December 14, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235686/the-missing-father-function-in-psychoanalytic-theory-and-technique-the-analyst-s-internal-couple-and-maturing-intimacy
#12
Michael J Diamond
This paper argues that recovering the "missing" paternal function in analytic space is essential for the patient's achievement of mature object relations. Emerging from the helpless infant's contact with primary caregivers, mature intimacy rests on establishing healthy triadic functioning based on an infant-with-mother-and-father. Despite a maternocentric bias in contemporary clinical theory, the emergence of triangularity and the inclusion of the paternal third as a separating element is vital in the analytic dyad...
October 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235185/the-intraparietal-sulcus-governs-multisensory-integration-of-audiovisual-information-based-on-task-difficulty
#13
Christina Regenbogen, Janina Seubert, Emilia Johansson, Andreas Finkelmeyer, Patrik Andersson, Johan N Lundström
Object recognition benefits maximally from multimodal sensory input when stimulus presentation is noisy, or degraded. Whether this advantage can be attributed specifically to the extent of overlap in object-related information, or rather, to object-unspecific enhancement due to the mere presence of additional sensory stimulation, remains unclear. Further, the cortical processing differences driving increased multisensory integration (MSI) for degraded compared with clear information remain poorly understood...
December 12, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231287/using-secondments-in-tertiary-health-facilities-to-build-paediatric-expertise-in-allied-health-professionals-working-in-rural-new-south-wales
#14
Carmel Blayden, Sonia Hughes, Jennifer Nicol, Susan Sims, Isobel J Hubbard
OUTLINE OF PROBLEM: Allied health professionals working in rural settings have broad caseloads requiring advanced skills as general specialists. This can include children with specialised needs. DESIGN: Educational secondments were coordinated for allied health professionals to achieve self-nominated learning objectives. Learning objectives were assessed using pre and post evaluations to determine the effect of the educational secondment on knowledge and confidence specific to the nominated learning outcomes...
December 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229707/the-primary-role-of-flow-processing-in-the-identification-of-scene-relative-object-movement
#15
Simon K Rushton, Diederick C Niehorster, Paul A Warren, Li Li
Retinal image motion could be due to movement of the observer through space or an object relative to the scene. Optic flow, form, and change of position cues all provide information that could be used to separate out retinal motion due to object movement from retinal motion due to observer movement. In Experiment 1 we used a minimal display to examine the contribution of optic flow and form cues. Human participants indicated the direction of movement of a probe object presented against a background of radially moving pairs of dots...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203335/hex-maze-a-new-virtual-maze-able-to-track-acquisition-and-usage-of-three-navigation-strategies
#16
Meg J Spriggs, Ian J Kirk, Ronald W Skelton
Spatial navigation is a complex and multi-faceted skill that, in humans, is understood to encompass two distinct navigational strategies, namely allocentric and egocentric navigation. These differ in the frame of reference used and the brain networks activated. However, egocentric navigation can be further divided into two, equally distinct strategies depending on whether the navigator is using subject-to-object relations (egocentric-cue) or direction of body turns (egocentric-response) to navigate. To date, there are no experimental paradigms able to distinguish between participants' employment of allocentric, egocentric-cue and egocentric-response strategies, and to track their usage over time...
December 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202356/apraxia-of-object-related-action-does-not-depend-on-visual-feedback
#17
Christoph Sperber, Andrea Christensen, Winfried Ilg, Martin A Giese, Hans-Otto Karnath
Pantomime of tool use is typically affected in neurological patients with apraxia, while at the same time these patients are able to perform the use of the actual tool with less or no errors. This discrepancy is commonly explained by differences in afferent input, in particular a lack of visual online feedback from the object in pantomime. The present study investigated the role of visual feedback in apraxia of pantomime by testing neurological patients with apraxia and healthy controls in a task requiring the pantomime of tool use as well as real tool use...
November 27, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183777/sensory-and-semantic-activations-evoked-by-action-attributes-of-manipulable-objects-evidence-from-erps
#18
Chia-Lin Lee, Hsu-Wen Huang, Kara D Federmeier, Laurel J Buxbaum
"Two route" theories of object-related action processing posit different temporal activation profiles of grasp-to-move actions (rapidly evoked based on object structure) versus skilled use actions (more slowly activated based on semantic knowledge). We capitalized on the exquisite temporal resolution and multidimensionality of Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to directly test this hypothesis. Participants viewed manipulable objects (e.g., calculator) preceded by objects sharing either "grasp", "use", or no action attributes (e...
November 25, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168779/factors-effecting-the-total-volatile-organic-compound-tvoc-concentrations-in-slovak-households
#19
Ľudmila Mečiarová, Silvia Vilčeková, Eva Krídlová Burdová, Jozef Kiselák
Thirty five Slovak households were selected for an investigation of indoor environmental quality. Measuring of indoor air physical and chemical factors and a questionnaire survey was performed during May 2017. The range of permissible operative temperature was not met in 11% of objects. Relative humidity met the legislative requirements in all monitored homes. Concentrations of total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) were significantly higher in the apartments than in the family houses. The average TVOC levels in the apartments and family houses were 519...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163288/linguistic-and-cognitive-effects-of-bilingualism-with-regional-minority-languages-a-study-of-sardinian-italian-adult-speakers
#20
Maria Garraffa, Mateo Obregon, Antonella Sorace
This study explores the effects of bilingualism in Sardinian as a regional minority language on the linguistic competence in Italian as the dominant language and on non-linguistic cognitive abilities. Sardinian/Italian adult speakers and monolingual Italian speakers living in the same geographical area of Sardinia were compared in two kinds of tasks: (a) verbal and non-verbal cognitive tasks targeting working memory and attentional control and (b) tasks of linguistic abilities in Italian focused on the comprehension of sentences differing in grammatical complexity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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