keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Object-relations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033863/the-peaceful-co-existence-of-input-frequency-and-structural-intervention-effects-on-the-comprehension-of-complex-sentences-in-german-speaking-children
#1
Flavia Adani, Maja Stegenwallner-Schütz, Talea Niesel
The predictions of two contrasting approaches to the acquisition of transitive relative clauses were tested within the same groups of German-speaking participants aged from 3 to 5 years old. The input frequency approach predicts that object relative clauses with inanimate heads (e.g., the pullover that the man is scratching) are comprehended earlier and more accurately than those with an animate head (e.g., the man that the boy is scratching). In contrast, the structural intervention approach predicts that object relative clauses with two full NP arguments mismatching in number (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#2
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991512/the-use-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-scale-in-a-primary-care-setting
#3
Laura A Richardson, John H Porcerelli, V Barry Dauphin, Pierre Morris, William Murdoch
Research has indicated that as many as 10% to 15% of primary care patients have symptoms that are not well explained medically. These patients could be labeled as "somatizers." This study assessed the extent to which underlying psychological characteristics contribute to a person's level of somatization and service utilization. The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011; Westen, 1995) was used to rate early memory narratives of 100 patients in a suburban primary care setting...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980612/-topographical-disorientation-in-patients-with-brain-impairment
#4
V N Grigoryeva, G V Tikhomirov
Topographical disorientation refers to inability to recognize the environment, as well as to orient, to find the right way into a familiar or new environment and to use a map for the orientation. These functions are based on neuronal activity of posterior parietal cortex, retrosplenial cortex and the posterior part of cingular gyrus, medial temporal lobe, lingual gyrus and prefrontal cortex and are considered within egocentric or allocentric (exocentric) reference systems. Object locations in the egocentric system are evaluated with respect to the subject's body position while object locations in the allocentric reference frame are evaluated with respect to the object-to-object relations in the external environment...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974172/-how-strange-is-the-patient-to-me
#5
André Karger, Heide Lindtner-Rudolph, Robert Mroczynski, Alexander Ziem, Ljiljana Joksimovic
'How strange is the patient to me?' Physicians' attitudes and expectations toward treating patients with a migration background Objectives: Undergraduate and postgraduate training in cultural competence remains a challenging issue. It might be useful to integrate culturally sensitive learning objectives in existing curricula. As part of a needs assessment, this qualitative study examined the prototypical experiences in clinical routines with patients with a migration background. METHODS: Twenty physicians took part in half-structured narrative interviews, which were then analyzed by linguistic-ethnographic conversation analysis...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971019/piezoelectric-line-detector-array-for-photoacoustic-tomography
#6
Guenther Paltauf, Petra Hartmair, Georgi Kovachev, Robert Nuster
Photoacoustic tomography relies on a dense coverage of the surface surrounding the imaged object with ultrasound sensors in order to enable an accurate reconstruction. A curved arrangement of integrating line sensors is proposed that is able to acquire data for a linear projection image of the absorbed energy density distribution in the object. Upon rotation of the object relative to the array, three-dimensional (3D) images can be obtained. The proposed design is based on the cost-effective piezoelectric polymer film technology with 64 line shaped sensors arranged on a half-cylindrical surface...
December 2017: Photoacoustics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922005/behavioral-activation-in-tfp-the-role-of-the-treatment-contract-in-transference-focused-psychotherapy
#7
Frank E Yeomans, Jill C Delaney, Kenneth N Levy
Transference-focused psychotherapy (TFP) is a manualized evidence-based treatment for borderline and other severe personality disorders that is based on psychoanalytic object relations theory. Similar to other psychodynamic psychotherapies, TFP focuses on changing psychological structures, but also focuses on symptom and behavioral change, particularly the importance of being active (e.g., obtaining a job or involvement in similar activities). In TFP, the establishment of the treatment contract, also known as the treatment frame, is where goals such as work and other activities are agreed upon...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915511/children-s-comprehension-of-object-relative-sentences-it-s-extant-language-knowledge-that-matters-not-domain-general-working-memory
#8
Yazmin Ahmad Rusli, James W Montgomery
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine whether extant language (lexical) knowledge or domain-general working memory is the better predictor of comprehension of object relative sentences for children with typical development. We hypothesized that extant language knowledge, not domain-general working memory, is the better predictor. Method: Fifty-three children (ages 9-11 years) completed a word-level verbal working-memory task, indexing extant language (lexical) knowledge; an analog nonverbal working-memory task, representing domain-general working memory; and a hybrid sentence comprehension task incorporating elements of both agent selection and cross-modal picture-priming paradigms...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903596/changes-in-self-representations-following-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-for-young-adults-a-comparative-typology
#9
Andrzej Werbart, Lars Brusell, Rebecka Iggedal, Kristin Lavfors, Alexander Widholm
Changes in dynamic psychological structures are often a treatment goal in psychotherapy. The present study aimed at creating a typology of self-representations among young women and men in psychoanalytic psychotherapy, to study longitudinal changes in self-representations, and to compare self-representations in the clinical sample with those of a nonclinical group. Twenty-five women and sixteen men were interviewed according to Blatt's Object Relations Inventory pretreatment, at termination, and at a 1.5-year follow-up...
October 2016: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894291/neural-predictors-of-12-month-weight-loss-outcomes-following-bariatric-surgery
#10
L M Holsen, P Davidson, H Cerit, T Hye, P Moondra, F Haimovici, S Sogg, S Shikora, J M Goldstein, A E Evins, L E Stoeckel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Despite the effectiveness of bariatric surgery, there is still substantial variability in long-term weight outcomes and few factors with predictive power to explain this variability. Neuroimaging may provide a novel biomarker with utility beyond other commonly used variables in bariatric surgery trials to improve prediction of long-term weight-loss outcomes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on reward and cognitive control circuitry postsurgery and determine the extent to which baseline brain activity predicts weight loss at 12-month postsurgery...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887900/atypical-brain-responses-to-auditory-spatial-cues-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#11
Veema Lodhia, Michael J Hautus, Blake W Johnson, Jon Brock
The auditory processing atypicalities experienced by many individuals on the autism spectrum disorder might be understood in terms of difficulties parsing the sound energy arriving at the ears into discrete auditory "objects." Here we asked whether autistic adults are able to make use of two important spatial cues to auditory object formation - the relative timing and amplitude of sound energy at the left and right ears. Using electroencephalography, we measured the brain responses of 15 autistic adults and 15 age-and verbal-IQ-matched control participants as they listened to dichotic pitch stimuli - white noise stimuli in which interaural timing or amplitude differences applied to a narrow frequency band of noise typically lead to the perception of a pitch sound that is spatially segregated from the noise...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887064/top-down-modulation-of-alpha-power-and-pattern-similarity-for-threatening-representations-in-visual-short-term-memory
#12
Bo-Cheng Kuo, Chun-Hui Li, Szu-Hung Lin, Sheng-Hung Hu, Yei-Yu Yeh
Recent studies have shown that top-down attention biases task-relevant representations in visual short-term memory (VSTM). Accumulating evidence has also revealed the modulatory effects of emotional arousal on attentional processing. However, it remains unclear how top-down attention interacts with emotional memoranda in VSTM. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of alpha oscillations and their spatiotemporal characteristics that underlie top-down attention to threatening representations during VSTM maintenance with electroencephalography...
September 5, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883161/the-implementation-of-medical-informatics-in-the-national-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm
#13
Marianne Behrends, Sandra Steffens, Michael Marschollek
INTRODUCTION: The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) describes medical skills and attitudes without being ordered by subjects or organs. Thus, the NKLM enables systematic curriculum mapping and supports curricular transparency. In this paper we describe where learning objectives related to Medical Informatics (MI) in Hannover coincide with other subjects and where they are taught exclusively in MI. METHODS: An instance of the web-based MERLIN-database was used for the mapping process...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862214/respiratory-cancer-database-an-open-access-database-of-respiratory-cancer-gene-and-mirna
#14
Jyotsna Choubey, Jyoti Kant Choudhari, Ashish Patel, Mukesh Kumar Verma
AIMS: Respiratory cancer database (RespCanDB) is a genomic and proteomic database of cancer of respiratory organ. It also includes the information of medicinal plants used for the treatment of various respiratory cancers with structure of its active constituents as well as pharmacological and chemical information of drug associated with various respiratory cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data in RespCanDB has been manually collected from published research article and from other databases...
July 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833301/level-2-perspectives-computed-quickly-and-spontaneously-evidence-from-eight-to-9-5-year-old-children
#15
Fruzsina Elekes, Máté Varga, Ildikó Király
It has been widely assumed that computing how a scene looks from another perspective (level-2 perspective taking, PT) is an effortful process, as opposed to the automatic capacity of tracking visual access to objects (level-1 PT). Recently, adults have been found to compute both forms of visual perspectives in a quick but context-sensitive way, indicating that the two functions share more features than previously assumed. However, the developmental literature still shows the dissociation between automatic level-1 and effortful level-2 PT...
November 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832884/-whatdunit-sentence-comprehension-abilities-of-children-with-sli-sensitivity-to-word-order-in-canonical-and-noncanonical-structures
#16
James W Montgomery, Ronald B Gillam, Julia L Evans, Alexander V Sergeev
Purpose: With Aim 1, we compared the comprehension of and sensitivity to canonical and noncanonical word order structures in school-age children with specific language impairment (SLI) and same-age typically developing (TD) children. Aim 2 centered on the developmental improvement of sentence comprehension in the groups. With Aim 3, we compared the comprehension error patterns of the groups. Method: Using a "Whatdunit" agent selection task, 117 children with SLI and 117 TD children (ages 7:0-11:11, years:months) propensity matched on age, gender, mother's education, and family income pointed to the picture that best represented the agent in semantically implausible canonical structures (subject-verb-object, subject relative) and noncanonical structures (passive, object relative)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783447/topological-relations-between-objects-are-categorically-coded
#17
Andrew Lovett, Steven L Franconeri
How do individuals compare images-for example, two graphs or diagrams-to identify differences between them? We argue that categorical relations between objects play a critical role. These relations divide continuous space into discrete categories, such as "above" and "below," or "containing" and "overlapping," which are remembered and compared more easily than precise metric values. These relations should lead to categorical perception, such that viewers find it easier to notice a change that crosses a category boundary (one object is now above, rather than below, another, or now contains, rather than overlaps with, another) than a change of equal magnitude that does not cross a boundary...
October 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769830/spatial-alignment-and-response-hand-in-geometric-and-motion-illusions
#18
Lisa Scocchia, Michela Paroli, Natale A Stucchi, Anna Sedda
Perception of visual illusions is susceptible to manipulation of their spatial properties. Further, illusions can sometimes affect visually guided actions, especially the movement planning phase. Remarkably, visual properties of objects related to actions, such as affordances, can prime more accurate perceptual judgements. In spite of the amount of knowledge available on affordances and on the influence of illusions on actions (or lack of thereof), virtually nothing is known about the reverse: the influence of action-related parameters on the perception of visual illusions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769147/applications-of-the-capability-approach-in-the-health-field-a-literature-review
#19
Paul Mark Mitchell, Tracy E Roberts, Pelham M Barton, Joanna Coast
The primary aims of this review are to document capability applications in the health field and to explore the objectives and decision-rules of studies measuring capability more broadly. Relevant studies are identified using a literature search strategy known as "comprehensive pearl growing". All studies with a primary focus on health are assessed individually, whilst a summary narrative analysis of the full review examines the objectives of capability studies. Four distinct groups in the health field are identified in the review: (1) physical activity and diet; (2) patient empowerment; (3) multidimensional poverty and (4) assessments of health and social care interventions...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755051/reference-frames-in-spatial-updating-when-body-based-cues-are-absent
#20
Qiliang He, Timothy P McNamara, Jonathan W Kelly
The current study investigated the reference frame used in spatial updating when idiothetic cues to self-motion were minimized (desktop virtual reality). In Experiment 1, participants learned a layout of eight objects from a single perspective (learning heading) in a virtual environment. After learning, they were placed in the same virtual environment and used a keyboard to navigate to two of the learned objects (visible) before pointing to a third object (invisible). We manipulated participants' starting orientation (initial heading) and final orientation (final heading) before pointing, to examine the reference frame used in this task...
July 28, 2017: Memory & Cognition
keyword
keyword
19604
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"