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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231287/using-secondments-in-tertiary-health-facilities-to-build-paediatric-expertise-in-allied-health-professionals-working-in-rural-new-south-wales
#1
Carmel Blayden, Sonia Hughes, Jennifer Nicol, Susan Sims, Isobel J Hubbard
OUTLINE OF PROBLEM: Allied health professionals working in rural settings have broad caseloads requiring advanced skills as general specialists. This can include children with specialised needs. DESIGN: Educational secondments were coordinated for allied health professionals to achieve self-nominated learning objectives. Learning objectives were assessed using pre and post evaluations to determine the effect of the educational secondment on knowledge and confidence specific to the nominated learning outcomes...
December 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229707/the-primary-role-of-flow-processing-in-the-identification-of-scene-relative-object-movement
#2
Simon K Rushton, Diederick C Niehorster, Paul A Warren, Li Li
Retinal image motion could be due to movement of the observer through space or an object relative to the scene. Optic flow, form, and change of position cues all provide information that could be used to separate out retinal motion due to object movement from retinal motion due to observer movement. In Experiment 1 we used a minimal display to examine the contribution of optic flow and form cues. Human participants indicated the direction of movement of a probe object presented against a background of radially moving pairs of dots...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203335/hex-maze-a-new-virtual-maze-able-to-track-acquisition-and-usage-of-three-navigation-strategies
#3
Meg J Spriggs, Ian J Kirk, Ronald W Skelton
Spatial navigation is a complex and multi-faceted skill that, in humans, is understood to encompass two distinct navigational strategies, namely allocentric and egocentric navigation. These differ in the frame of reference used and the brain networks activated. However, egocentric navigation can be further divided into two, equally distinct strategies depending on whether the navigator is using subject-to-object relations (egocentric-cue) or direction of body turns (egocentric-response) to navigate. To date, there are no experimental paradigms able to distinguish between participants' employment of allocentric, egocentric-cue and egocentric-response strategies, and to track their usage over time...
December 1, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202356/apraxia-of-object-related-action-does-not-depend-on-visual-feedback
#4
Christoph Sperber, Andrea Christensen, Winfried Ilg, Martin A Giese, Hans-Otto Karnath
Pantomime of tool use is typically affected in neurological patients with apraxia, while at the same time these patients are able to perform the use of the actual tool with less or no errors. This discrepancy is commonly explained by differences in afferent input, in particular a lack of visual online feedback from the object in pantomime. The present study investigated the role of visual feedback in apraxia of pantomime by testing neurological patients with apraxia and healthy controls in a task requiring the pantomime of tool use as well as real tool use...
November 27, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183777/sensory-and-semantic-activations-evoked-by-action-attributes-of-manipulable-objects-evidence-from-erps
#5
Chia-Lin Lee, Hsu-Wen Huang, Kara D Federmeier, Laurel J Buxbaum
"Two route" theories of object-related action processing posit different temporal activation profiles of grasp-to-move actions (rapidly evoked based on object structure) versus skilled use actions (more slowly activated based on semantic knowledge). We capitalized on the exquisite temporal resolution and multidimensionality of Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to directly test this hypothesis. Participants viewed manipulable objects (e.g., calculator) preceded by objects sharing either "grasp", "use", or no action attributes (e...
November 25, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168779/factors-effecting-the-total-volatile-organic-compound-tvoc-concentrations-in-slovak-households
#6
Ľudmila Mečiarová, Silvia Vilčeková, Eva Krídlová Burdová, Jozef Kiselák
Thirty five Slovak households were selected for an investigation of indoor environmental quality. Measuring of indoor air physical and chemical factors and a questionnaire survey was performed during May 2017. The range of permissible operative temperature was not met in 11% of objects. Relative humidity met the legislative requirements in all monitored homes. Concentrations of total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) were significantly higher in the apartments than in the family houses. The average TVOC levels in the apartments and family houses were 519...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163288/linguistic-and-cognitive-effects-of-bilingualism-with-regional-minority-languages-a-study-of-sardinian-italian-adult-speakers
#7
Maria Garraffa, Mateo Obregon, Antonella Sorace
This study explores the effects of bilingualism in Sardinian as a regional minority language on the linguistic competence in Italian as the dominant language and on non-linguistic cognitive abilities. Sardinian/Italian adult speakers and monolingual Italian speakers living in the same geographical area of Sardinia were compared in two kinds of tasks: (a) verbal and non-verbal cognitive tasks targeting working memory and attentional control and (b) tasks of linguistic abilities in Italian focused on the comprehension of sentences differing in grammatical complexity...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163261/a-sentence-repetition-task-for-catalan-speaking-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#8
Anna Gavarró
It is common to find that so-called minority languages enjoy fewer (if any) diagnostic tools than the so-called majority languages. This has repercussions for the detection and proper assessment of children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) brought up in these languages. With a view to remedy this situation for Catalan, I developed a sentence repetition task to assess grammatical maturity in school-age children; in current practice, Catalan-speaking children are assessed with tests translated from Spanish, with disregard of the fact that the markers of SLI may differ substantially from one language to another, even between closely related languages...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154289/subjective-reality-and-brain-topology-inversion-transformations-on-non-orientable-atomic-surfaces-of-membrane-channels
#9
Gustav Bernroider
Subject-object relations reflect the relation of phenomenology and physics and are at the centre of interest in brain research and neuro-psychology. The unresolved dichotomy behind this relation is one of the most challenging questions of our time. Setting out from causal modelling I suggest a particular topology for subject-object relations and argue that we can find a physical realization in living organism that provides a continuous transform between both domains. In a geometrical metaphor this transform has the topological properties of a one-sided surface or non-orientable flat...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135754/implementation-of-a-pediatric-behavioral-staffing-algorithm-in-an-acute-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#10
Tamara O'Connor
BACKGROUND: A progressive decline in acute psychiatric facility beds has led to a steadily increasing number of pediatric psychiatric patients hospitalized on acute care medical-surgical units. Clinical nurses in this environment feel ill-equipped to provide quality behavioral health care. AIMS/OBJECTIVES: This project aimed to improve continuity of care as well as staff and patient safety in pediatric acute and transitional care units. The specific objectives related to implementation of a resource allocation algorithm for staffing behavioral health admissions and consistent use of an interdisciplinary psychiatric huddle...
November 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109450/interactive-phenotyping-of-large-scale-histology-imaging-data-with-histomicsml
#11
Michael Nalisnik, Mohamed Amgad, Sanghoon Lee, Sameer H Halani, Jose Enrique Velazquez Vega, Daniel J Brat, David A Gutman, Lee A D Cooper
Whole-slide imaging of histologic sections captures tissue microenvironments and cytologic details in expansive high-resolution images. These images can be mined to extract quantitative features that describe tissues, yielding measurements for hundreds of millions of histologic objects. A central challenge in utilizing this data is enabling investigators to train and evaluate classification rules for identifying objects related to processes like angiogenesis or immune response. In this paper we describe HistomicsML, an interactive machine-learning system for digital pathology imaging datasets...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071104/how-does-plate-size-affect-estimated-satiation-and-intake-for-individuals-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-groups
#12
M Peng
OBJECTIVE: Manipulating plate sizes could possibly introduce perceptual biases for judging food satiation and intake, which is thought to be related to the Delbeouf illusion - a visual illusion based on the perceived size of one object related to another. This study was to investigate whether an association exists between an individual's susceptibility to the plate-size-effect and their weight status (i.e. normal-weight versus overweight). METHODS: The study assessed the effect of plate size amongst normal-weight (N = 124) and overweight (N = 79) New Zealand Europeans...
September 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070627/tdcs-over-the-motor-cortex-improves-lexical-retrieval-of-action-words-in-post-stroke-aphasia
#13
Meret Branscheidt, Julia Hoppe, Pienie Zwitserlood, Gianpiero Liuzzi
One-third of stroke survivors worldwide suffer from aphasia. Speech and language therapy (SLT) is considered effective in treating aphasia, but due to time constraints, improvements are often limited. Non-invasive brain stimulation is a promising adjuvant strategy to facilitate SLT. However, stroke might render "classical" language regions ineffective as stimulation sites. Recent work showed the effectiveness of motor-cortex stimulation together with intensive naming therapy to improve outcomes in aphasia (Meinzer et al...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065644/computer-aided-clinical-trial-recruitment-based-on-domain-specific-language-translation-a-case-study-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#14
Yinsheng Zhang, Guoming Zhang, Qian Shang
Reusing the data from healthcare information systems can effectively facilitate clinical trials (CTs). How to select candidate patients eligible for CT recruitment criteria is a central task. Related work either depends on DBA (database administrator) to convert the recruitment criteria to native SQL queries or involves the data mapping between a standard ontology/information model and individual data source schema. This paper proposes an alternative computer-aided CT recruitment paradigm, based on syntax translation between different DSLs (domain-specific languages)...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056917/comprehension-of-subject-and-object-relative-clauses-in-a-trilingual-acquisition-context
#15
Angel Chan, Si Chen, Stephen Matthews, Virginia Yip
Chinese relative clauses (RCs) have word order properties that are distinctly rare across languages of the world; such properties provide a good testing ground to tease apart predictions regarding the relative complexity of subject and object RCs in acquisition and processing. This study considers these special word order properties in a multilingual acquisition context, examining how Cantonese(L1)-English(L2)-Mandarin(L3) trilingual children process RCs in two Chinese languages differing in exposure conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033863/the-peaceful-co-existence-of-input-frequency-and-structural-intervention-effects-on-the-comprehension-of-complex-sentences-in-german-speaking-children
#16
Flavia Adani, Maja Stegenwallner-Schütz, Talea Niesel
The predictions of two contrasting approaches to the acquisition of transitive relative clauses were tested within the same groups of German-speaking participants aged from 3 to 5 years old. The input frequency approach predicts that object relative clauses with inanimate heads (e.g., the pullover that the man is scratching) are comprehended earlier and more accurately than those with an animate head (e.g., the man that the boy is scratching). In contrast, the structural intervention approach predicts that object relative clauses with two full NP arguments mismatching in number (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994473/preliminary-thoughts-on-the-neurobiology-of-innate-unconscious-structures-and-the-psychodynamics-of-language-acquisition
#17
Susan Mizen
This paper builds upon Britton's recent writing on 'models in the mind', in which he gives an account of preverbal metaphoric structures based on object relations (Britton 2015). These correspond with Jung's theory of innate unconscious structures. These innate models are considered alongside current linguistic theory following Chomsky and post-Chomskyan views about language acquisition. Neuroscience evidence linking language and abstract thinking with structures involved in tool use are presented. The implications of these findings, and our understanding of the relational context within which language, metaphor and abstract thought are acquired, will be discussed along with the failures of symbolization and verbal communication common amongst those with severe narcissistic disorders...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991512/the-use-of-the-social-cognition-and-object-relations-scale-in-a-primary-care-setting
#18
Laura A Richardson, John H Porcerelli, V Barry Dauphin, Pierre Morris, William Murdoch
Research has indicated that as many as 10% to 15% of primary care patients have symptoms that are not well explained medically. These patients could be labeled as "somatizers." This study assessed the extent to which underlying psychological characteristics contribute to a person's level of somatization and service utilization. The Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale-Global Rating Method (SCORS-G; Stein, Hilsenroth, Slavin-Mulford, & Pinsker, 2011; Westen, 1995) was used to rate early memory narratives of 100 patients in a suburban primary care setting...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980612/-topographical-disorientation-in-patients-with-brain-impairment
#19
V N Grigoryeva, G V Tikhomirov
Topographical disorientation refers to inability to recognize the environment, as well as to orient, to find the right way into a familiar or new environment and to use a map for the orientation. These functions are based on neuronal activity of posterior parietal cortex, retrosplenial cortex and the posterior part of cingular gyrus, medial temporal lobe, lingual gyrus and prefrontal cortex and are considered within egocentric or allocentric (exocentric) reference systems. Object locations in the egocentric system are evaluated with respect to the subject's body position while object locations in the allocentric reference frame are evaluated with respect to the object-to-object relations in the external environment...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974172/-how-strange-is-the-patient-to-me
#20
André Karger, Heide Lindtner-Rudolph, Robert Mroczynski, Alexander Ziem, Ljiljana Joksimovic
'How strange is the patient to me?' Physicians' attitudes and expectations toward treating patients with a migration background Objectives: Undergraduate and postgraduate training in cultural competence remains a challenging issue. It might be useful to integrate culturally sensitive learning objectives in existing curricula. As part of a needs assessment, this qualitative study examined the prototypical experiences in clinical routines with patients with a migration background. METHODS: Twenty physicians took part in half-structured narrative interviews, which were then analyzed by linguistic-ethnographic conversation analysis...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
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